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Updated: 7/13/2019

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Formosan

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*m   

mu    

30325

*maNaŋ sharp

7296

PAN     *maNaŋ sharp

Formosan
Pazeh ka-malaŋsharp (blade)
  k<in>a-mala-malaŋvery sharp
Kavalan manaŋsharp (point, blade)

Note:   Also Kavalan maŋan ‘sharp (point, blade)’, presumably with metathesis.

29914

*maqaw a plant: Litsea cubea (Lour.)

6587

PAN     *maqaw a plant: Litsea cubea (Lour.)

Formosan
Atayal (Mayrinax) maqawa plant: Litsea cubea
Saisiyat maʔawa plant: Litsea cubea
Thao maqawLitsea cubea (Lour.) Pers., fam. Lauraceae, a plant with long branching stems and pale yellow blossoms (Taiwanese ‘sand camphor’, ‘spicy camphor’)
Puyuma (Pinan) maʔawan alder, Alnus formosana
Paiwan maqawan alder, Alnus japonica

Note:   Also Rukai (Mantauran) amaw (with metathesis of the first and second consonants), Amis paqaw ‘black alder’. This comparison was first noted by Li (1994).

TOP      mu    

mu

30276

*mumu Formosan blind mole: Talpa micrura insularis (Swinhoe)

7187

PAN     *mumu Formosan blind mole: Talpa micrura insularis (Swinhoe)

Formosan
Thao mumuFormosan blind mole: Talpa micrura insularis (Swinhoe); a dark grayish to black purblind mammal with projecting snout, strong forelimbs, and atrophied rear limbs that forages for worms by burrowing in the ground with its strong forelimbs
  mia-mumuclose the eyes
  pish-mumublink
Kavalan mummumole (animal)

Note:   The gemination in Kavalan mummu is unexplained, but this form may reflect earlier *mumumu, with partial reduplication.

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Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 7/13/2019
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
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