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Updated: 4/20/2019

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Formosan

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*w   

30285

*waCaN deep pool or pond

7197

PAN     *waCaN deep pool or pond

Formosan
Saisiyat wasalsea
Paiwan vatsalʸa deep pool; lake (Western Paiwan)

7198

PAN     *waCa-waCaN small pond(?)

Formosan
Saisiyat (Tungho) was-wasallake, pond
Paiwan (Western) vatsa-vatsalʸsmall pond

Note:   The reduplication in this word evidently marks diminutive both in Saisiyat and Paiwan, and so the same function can be inferred for the PAn forms.

30076

*walay thread

6783

PAN     *walay thread

Formosan
Atayal (Squliq) walaythread
Seediq (Truku) walaythread; thin noodles
Saisiyat (Taai) waLaythread
Pazeh waraythread, hemp yarn for weaving
Kanakanabu aláyhemp yarn for weaving
Proto-Rukai *vaLaythread
Kavalan waRaythread for sewing
Amis walaystring; noodles
Puyuma waLaythread, warp (for weaving)
Paiwan alaythread

29927

*waNiS tusk of wild boar

6602

PAN     *waNiS tusk of wild boar

Formosan
Pazeh waliscanine tooth; tusk of animal
Thao wazishthe Formosan wild boar: Sus scrofa taivanus (Swinhoe)
Bunun vaniswild boar
Tsou hisitooth, tusk
Kanakanabu anísitooth
Saaroa alhitooth
Amis wadistooth
Rukai (Tona) valísitooth
Puyuma walitooth
Paiwan alʸistooth, fang, tusk
Papora valistusk of wild boar
Saisiyat waliʃfang, tusk

6603

PAN     *waNiS-an wild boar

Formosan
Saisiyat waliʃ-anwild boar
Rukai (Tona) valis-anəwild boar

29928

*waNu honeybee

6604

PAN     *waNu honeybee

Formosan
Atayal (Squliq) waluhoneybee
Saisiyat walohoneybee; sugar
Pazeh waluhoneybee
Bunun vanuhoneybee
Kanakanabu anuhoneybee
Saaroa aɬoʔohoneybee
Proto-Rukai *valohoneybee
Puyuma walusugar; sweet; honeybee
Paiwan aɬuhoney; candy; sweets

30375

*waqit barb, point; canine tooth?

7419

PAN     *waqit barb, point; canine tooth?

Formosan
Atayal waqitcanine tooth, fang, tusk; tooth of a tool or instrument (as a tattooing tool)
Puyuma waʔitbarb of spear or arrow
  may waʔitharpoon

Note:   This comparison was first proposed by Dyen (1995:498), who cited Atayal, Seediq waqic ‘tooth, fang’ and reconstructed *wa[qQ2]iC. However, Atayal forms with the shape he cites have not been found in the sources available to me, and both the Atayal of Egerod (1980) and the Puyuma of Cauquelin (2011) point to final *t.

30608

*waSaw leaf

8067

PAN     *waSaw leaf

Formosan
Seediq wasauleaf (Ferrell 1969)
Paiwan asawleaf

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Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 4/20/2019
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
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