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Updated: 7/20/2018

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Finderlist

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Y

ye    yi    yo    

yam

lesser yam: Dioscorea sp. - PPH *tugíq

potato yam, aerial yam: Dioscorea bulbifera - POC *pwatika

to peel, pare, as fruit or yam; to cut into slices - PPH *tájip

to peel, pare, as yams - PEMP *supi

to plant yams - POC *pasi

to prepare yams for planting - POC *sopu

type of yam (?) - PWMP *qubi kahiw

wild yam: Dioscorea sp. - POC *balai₂

yam sp. - *(noise)

yam: Dioscorea alata Linn. - PMP *qubi

yard

yard, courtyard - *(noise)

yardarm

yardarm, sheet of a sail, sticks used to turn the sail - POC *jila

yarn

device for making thread or yarn - PWMP *laway-an

thread, yarn - PMP *laway

thread, yarn - PWMP *labay₁

thread, yarn - PWMP *banaeŋ

yawn

to yawn - PAN-F *ma-Suaw

to yawn - PMP *huyeʔab

to yawn - PAN *Suyeʔab

to yawn - POC *ma-mawap

to yawn - PCEMP *ma-mawab

to yawn - PWMP *maŋ-huab

to yawn, yawning - POC *mawap

to yawn, yawning - PCEMP *mawab

to yawn, yawning - PMP *ma-huab₁

to yawn, yawning - PAN *ma-Suab

yawn - PAN-F *Suaw

yawn - PMP *huab₂

yawn - PAN *Suab

yawning

to yawn, yawning - POC *mawap

to yawn, yawning - PCEMP *mawab

to yawn, yawning - PMP *ma-huab₁

to yawn, yawning - PAN *ma-Suab

yaws

a skin disease: framboesia, yaws - PMP *puRu

yaws - PWMP *bubul

TOP      ye    yi    yo    

ye

year

year - PAN-F *CawiN

year, season - PMP *taqun

year, season; sky, heaven - PAN-F *kawaS₁

yearning

longing, yearning - *(loan)

yeast

rice wine; yeast; fermented rice; fermented rice cake - PWMP *tapay

yell

shout, yell at someone - PWMP *siŋgit

yellow

material that has been colored yellow with turmeric - PWMP *k<in>uñij-an

tree with bright yellow fruit that has dry flesh: Lucuma nervosa - PPH *tisaq

yellow - POC *aŋo-aŋo-ana

yellow - *(loan)

yellowfin

yellowfin tuna: Thunnus albacares - POC *takua

yellowjacket

yellowjacket wasp - PMP *tabuqan

yelp

to howl or yelp, of a dog - PWMP *maŋ-quaŋ

yelping

howling or yelping of a dog - PAN *quaŋ₂

yes

yes - POC *oqo

yes - PAN *auʔ

yes; agree, give assent - POC *qo

yes; expression of affirmation - PMP *qio

yes; expression of agreement - PMP *heqe

yesterday

afternoon, evening; yesterday - POC *Rapi

day before yesterday - POC *waRisa

day before yesterday - POC *waRi(n)sa

late afternoon, evening; evening meal; yesterday - PMP *Rabiqi

yesterday - PAN-F *siRa₁

yesterday - PMP *ñeRab

yesterday - PWMP *niRab

yesterday - PMP *neRab

yesterday - *(noise)

yet

still, yet, til now, first (before doing something else) - PAN *pa₁

TOP      ye    yi    yo    

yi

yield

a jointed creeper which yields fiber used to make cordage and fishnets - POC *kabe₁

a tree and the tannin that it yields: probably Macaranga tanarius - PWMP *samak

flower, blossom; to flower, bear flowers; yield a benefit (as interest on a loan); first-born child; cotton; vulva (refined or evasive), skin rash, prickly heat; speckled (of fish); kidneys - PMP *buŋa

kind of tree with bark that yields a vine-like fiber - PPH *lánut

title, yield, results - *(loan)

tree with inedible white fruit and root that yields a useful dye: Morinda citrifolia L. - POC *ñoñu

tree with white fruit and roots that yield a useful dye: Morinda citrifolia - PCEMP *ñəñu

tree with white fruit and roots that yield a useful dye: Morinda citrifolia - PWMP *baŋkudu

yield, result - *(noise)

yielding

a plant yielding useful fibers: Thespesia populnea - PMP *balu₁

TOP      ye    yi    yo    

yo

yoke

yoke - *(loan)

yonder

over there, yonder - PAN-F *dua

there, yonder - PWMP *sana

you

2p pronoun: you - PMP *imu

2p pronoun: you - PAN *Simu

2p. pl. pronoun: you - PCEMP *imi

2pl. genitive, your, by you - PAN *n-amu

2pl. nominative and genitive; you all, your - PMP *kamu-yu

2pl. nominative, you all - PAN *kamu-yu

2pl. nominative, you all - PMP *kamu₂

2pl. nominative, you all - PAN *k-amu

2sg. personal pronoun: you - PMP *iu₃

2sg. personal pronoun: you - PAN *iSu

2sg., you - POC *koe

2sg., you - PWMP *s-ikaw

2sg., you - POC *iko

2sg., you - PMP *i-kahu

2sg., you - PAN *i-kaSu

2sg., you - PMP *kahu

2sg., you - PAN *kaSu

2sg.; you - PWMP *nu₂

what are you doing? what’s happening? - PAN *ma-kuja

young

bachelor, young unmarried man - PPh *ulitau

bachelor; young unmarried person - POC *tau paqoRu

breastfeed, give the breast to a young child - PPH *mapa-susu

child, offspring; son, daughter; brother's child (man speaking), sister's child (woman speaking); young animal or plant; young; small (for its kind); dependent or component part of something larger; native, resident, inhabitant; interest on a loan - PMP *anak

genitals of a young child - PWMP *pipit₂

inner pulp or young leaves - PPH *sepet

last, come after or behind; late, later; future; stern of a boat; youngest child; west; young; outside - PCEMP *m-udi

needlefish, young of Istiophorus spp. - PMP *saku₂

new, recent; young, fresh - PEMP *baqoRu

parent’s younger sibling, junior uncle; a young child’s term of address for his father, vocative of *ama - PMP *mama

puppy; young animal in general? - PAN *titu

young - PPH *ka-ŋuhed-an

young - PWMP *aŋ(e)hud

young (of fruits) - POC *mura

young (of fruits); immature; light (of colors) - PMP *muda

young child’s term for father - POC *mama

young coconut - POC *ubu

young growth stage of mullet - PMP *qaRuas

young of animals - PMP *nati

young plant shoot - PMP *taluk

young shoot - PWMP *seli₂

young tree, sprout - PMP *anak i kahiw

young wingless locust - PPH *luktun

young, esp. of vegetation - PWMP *bataq

young, immature, primarily of plants - PPH *ma-ŋuhed

young, immature, primarily of plants - PPH *ŋuhed

young, of plants - PMP *ŋuda

younger

parent’s younger sibling, junior uncle; a young child’s term of address for his father, vocative of *ama - PMP *mama

younger sibling - PAN *Suaji

younger sibling of the same sex (vocative); younger parallel cousin of the same sex (vocative) - PMP *huaji-q

younger sibling of the same sex (vocative); younger parallel cousin of the same sex (vocative) - PWMP *huaji-ŋ

younger sibling of the same sex; younger parallel cousin of the same sex - POC *taci

younger sibling of the same sex; younger parallel cousin of the same sex - PMP *ta-huaji

younger sibling of the same sex; younger parallel cousin of the same sex - PWMP *paR-huaji

younger sibling of the same sex; younger parallel cousin of the same sex - PCEMP *waji

younger sibling of the same sex; younger parallel cousin of the same sex - PMP *huaji

youngest

last, come after or behind; late, later; future; stern of a boat; youngest child; west; young; outside - PCEMP *m-udi

last; come after or behind; late, later; future; stern of a boat; youngest child - PMP *udehi

nickname for youngest child - PWMP *si huaji

youngest - *(noise)

youngest child - PWMP *buŋsu

youngest child - *(loan)

young leaf

young leaf, plant shoot - *(loan)

your

2pl. genitive, your, by you - PAN *n-amu

2pl. nominative and genitive; you all, your - PMP *kamu-yu

your unnamed thing: yours - POC *anu-mu

your unnamed thing: yours - PMP *a-nu-mu

youth

new, fresh; recent(ly); youth, bachelor; beautiful, in one's prime - PMP *baqeRu

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Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 7/20/2018
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
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