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Updated: 11/23/2019

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Index to Sets

(click on a *proto-form for its set)

 a    b    c    C    d    e    g    h    i    j    k    l    m    n    N    ñ    ŋ    o    p    q    r    R    s    S    t    u    w    z   

*b   

ba    be    bi    bo    bp    bu    bw    

*ba₁   PMP *ba₁, conjunction: or, if; perhaps; because. WMP;  PCEMP *ba₁, but, if. CMP;  POC *ba₁, or, because, but, perhaps. OC

*ba₂   PMP *ba₂, interjection or exclamation. WMP CMP;  POC *pa₁, interjection; to startle. OC

*ba₃   PMP *ba₃, preposition: at, on, in, to. WMP CMP;  POC *pa₂, at, on, in, to. OC

*ba₄   PMP *ba₄, under, below. WMP CMP;  POC *ba₄, down, under. OC

*ba₅   PWMP *ba₅, postverbal interrogative particle. WMP

*ba₆   PCEMP *ba₆, go. CMP;  POC *pa₃, go. OC

*baba₁   PAN *baba₁, carry a person pick-a-back; ride pick-a-back. Formosan;  PMP *baba₁, carry a person pick-a-back; ride pick-a-back. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *papa₁, carry piggyback. OC

*baba₂   PMP *baba₂, father. WMP CMP;  POC *baba₆, father. OC

*babaD   PWMP *babaD, reproduce, multiply. WMP

*bábad   PPh *bábad, soak. WMP

*babak   PEMP *babak₁, strike, chip stone. SHWNG OC

*baban   PMP *baban, group, company, collection, swarm. WMP CMP

*babaq₁   PMP *babaq₁, lower surface, bottom; short, low; below, beneath, under. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *papaq₃, be low, beneath, under. OC

*babaq₂   PWMP *babaq₂, width, breadth. WMP

*babas   PWMP *babas, blown off course. WMP

*babat   PWMP *babat, belly of an animal. WMP

*babaw₁   PWMP *babaw₁, rat, mouse. WMP

*babaw₂   PWMP *babaw₂, shallow. WMP

*babaw₃   PAN *babaw₃, upper surface, top; highlands; on, upon, over, above. Formosan WMP CMP;  POC *papo₁, above; outside. OC;  PAN *i babaw, above, on top of. Formosan WMP;  POC *i papo, above, on the top. OC

*babaw₄   PMP *babaw₄, to weed (a garden, etc.). WMP CMP;  POC *papo₂, to weed. OC

*babuy babuy   PWMP *babuy babuy, sowbug, woodlouse: terrestrial isopod of the genus Oniscus. WMP

*babuy₁   PWMP *babuy₁, bird sp.. WMP

*babuy₂   PWMP *babuy₂, epilepsy. WMP

*babuy₃   PAN *babuy₃, pig. Formosan WMP CMP;  PAN *babuy-an, pig. Formosan WMP;  PMP *babuy banua, domesticated pig. WMP CMP;  PMP *babuy halas, wild pig. WMP CMP;  PMP *babuy lebu, domesticated pig. WMP CMP

*bacak   PWMP *bacak, mud. WMP

*baciR   PWMP *baciR, sexually impotent. WMP

*bacuk   PWMP *bacuk, to hoe, chop up soil. WMP

*baCaR   PAN *baCaR, broomcorn millet: Panicum miliaceum. Formosan

*badas   PMP *badas, grit, coarse sand, gravel. WMP CMP

*bad(e)ris   PWMP *bad(e)ris, draw a line. WMP

*badi   PWMP *badi, nervous spell. WMP

*badiq   PMP *badiq, dagger. WMP CMP

*badut   PWMP *badut, jackfruit sp.. WMP

*bagahak   PWMP *bagahak, fish sp.. WMP

*bagak   PWMP *bagak, foolish. WMP

*bagal   PMP *bagal, overgrown, clumsy, sluggish. WMP CMP

*bagay   PWMP *bagay, same kind or type; well-; well- matched; suitable. WMP;  PPH *bagáy-an, well-. WMP

*bágay   PPH *bágay, thing; detail. WMP;  PPH *bágay-bágay, details, particulars. WMP

*bageqaŋ   PMP *bageqaŋ, molar tooth. WMP CMP

*bagiat   PPh *bagiat, anklet, ribbon worn around leg. WMP

*baguh   PWMP *baguh, a shrub or tree: Gnetum gnemon. WMP

*baguq   PWMP *baguq, disease that causes swelling of body parts. WMP

*bagut   PPH *bagut, to pull out, as hair. WMP;  PPH *bagut-en, to pull out, as hair. WMP

*bahak   PWMP *bahak, laugh boisterously. WMP

*bahaq   PMP *bahaq₁, mouth. WMP CMP

*bahaR   PMP *bahaR, loincloth. WMP CMP

*baháy   PPH *baháy, a vine, possibly arrowroot; famine food. WMP

*bahén   PPH *bahén, to sneeze. WMP

*bahi   PAN *bahi, female. Formosan;  PMP *bahi, female, woman, wife; female of animals. WMP;  PCEMP *bai, woman, female. CMP;  POC *pe-, mother. OC;  PPh *ma-ba-bahi, woman. WMP;  PAN *ba-bahi, woman, female. Formosan WMP;  PPh *ba-bahi-en, take a woman as mistress. WMP;  PAN *b<in>ahi, woman, wife. Formosan WMP CMP SHWNG;  PCEMP *b<in>ai, woman, female. CMP SHWNG;  POC *pine, female. OC;  PMP *ba-b<in>ahi, woman; female. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *papine, woman; female; sister (male speaker). OC;  POC *pai-p<in>ai, woman; female. OC;  PPh *b<in>a-bahi, effeminate, of a man. WMP;  PAN *ma-b<in>ahi, female, woman. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *mapine, female, woman. OC;  PPH *bu-bahi, woman; female. WMP

*bahu   PMP *bahu, odor, stench. WMP CMP;  POC *bou, smell, odor. OC;  POC *bou roŋoR, to smell. OC;  PMP *ma-bahu, smelly, stinking. WMP;  PWMP *ka-bahu-an, stench. WMP;  PWMP *bahu-an, give off an odor (?). WMP;  PWMP *bahu-en, be smelled by someone. WMP

*bahuq   PMP *bahuq, odor; stench. WMP CMP;  PWMP *ma-bahuq, smelly, stinking. WMP

*bahuR   PWMP *bahuR, mix foods, as in preparing pig’s fodder. WMP;  PWMP *maR-bahuR, mix. WMP;  PWMP *bahuR-an, mix. WMP

*bail   PCEMP *bail, a plant: Falcataria Moluccana. CMP SHWNG;  POC *pail, a plant: Falcataria Moluccana. OC

*baisan   PWMP *baisan, co-parent-in-law, the kinship tie between the parents of a married couple. WMP;  PWMP *baisan-an, become a co-parent-in-law (?). WMP

*bait₁   PWMP *bait₁, good, kind, pleasant. WMP

*bait₂   PCEMP *bait₂, do, make. CMP;  POC *pait, do, make. OC

*bajaq   PAN *bajaq₁, know, understand; ask, inquire. Formosan;  PMP *bajaq₂, tell, inform; ask, inquire. WMP CMP;  PAN *ka-bajaq, know, understand. Formosan;  PAN *ma-bajaq, know, understand. Formosan;  PAN *pa-bajaq, know. Formosan

*bajbaj   PWMP *bajbaj, loosen, untie, unwrap; unravel; to clear forest (fig.?). WMP

*bajiw   PAN *bajiw, edible mushroom sp.. Formosan

*bak₁   PMP *bak₁, clap! smack!. WMP CMP;  POC *bak, strike against. OC

*bak₂   PMP *bak₂, negative marker. WMP SHWNG

*baka₁   PMP *baka₁, conjunction: despite, nonetheless. WMP OC

*baka₂   POC *baka₂, kind of banyan tree, Ficus sp.. OC

*bakaka   PWMP *bakaka, a bird, the kingfisher. WMP

*bakan   PWMP *bakan, a tree: Litsea spp.. WMP

*bakaŋ₁   PAN *bakaŋ₁, bowlegged. Formosan WMP

*bakaŋ₂   PPH *bakaŋ₂, to divert the attention of someone. WMP

*bakaq   PMP *bakaq, spread apart, split. WMP CMP;  POC *pagaq, to split. OC

*bakáq   PPH *bakáq, maybe, perhaps, possibly. WMP

*bakas   PMP *bakas, swift, strong, energetic, fast. WMP;  POC *pakas, strong, energetic. OC

*bakas   PMP *bakas, loosen, undo, untie. WMP CMP

*bakat   PWMP *bakat, waves, heavy weather at sea. WMP

*ba(ŋ)kat   PWMP *ba(ŋ)kat, type of basket. WMP

*bakbak₁   PMP *bakbak₁, peel off, of skin; remove the bark of a tree. WMP CMP;  POC *babak₂, peel off bark. OC;  PWMP *bakbak-an, peel off, remove bark. WMP

*bakbak₂   PAN *bakbak₂, clap. Formosan WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *babak₃, strike, chip stone. OC

*bakbak₃   PPH *bakbak₃, frog. WMP

*bakehaw   PWMP *bakehaw, mangrove. WMP;  PPH *ka-bakaw-an, mangrove swamp. WMP

*bakelad   PWMP *bakelad, fish corral. WMP

*bakelag   PWMP *bakelag, bruise marks. WMP

*bakés   PPH *bakés, monkey sp.. WMP

*bakes₁   PAN *bakes₁, belt; tie around the waist. Formosan;  PMP *bakes₁, belt, anything that encircles tightly. WMP CMP

*bakes₂   PPH *bakes₂, old woman; female, of animals. WMP

*baketin   PPH *baketin, piglet, suckling pig. WMP

*bakewak   POC *bakewak, shark. OC

*baki₁   POC *baki₁, break off with the hand. OC

*baki₂   PAN *baki₂, grandfather. Formosan

*baku   PMP *baku, scab, crust. WMP OC

*bakuku   PWMP *bakuku, sea- sp. (presumably sea- bream). WMP

*bakukuŋ   PWMP *bakukuŋ, a sea-, the sea- bream: Sparus hasta. WMP

*bakul   PWMP *bakul₁, kind of basket made of woven bamboo strips. WMP;  PWMP *bakul-bakul, (gloss uncertain). WMP

*bakuŋ₁   PAN *bakuŋ₁, a lily-like plant: Crinum asiaticum L.. Formosan WMP CMP

*bakuŋ₂   PMP *bakuŋ₂, kind of pandanus. WMP CMP;  POC *pakuŋ, kind of pandanus. OC

*ba(ŋ)kuq   PMP *ba(ŋ)kuq, curve. WMP CMP

*bala₁   PWMP *bala₁, to adze, shape wood with an adze. WMP

*bala₂   PMP *bala₂, pen, enclosure for domesticated animals. WMP SHWNG;  POC *bala₄, fence; animal pen; fortification. OC

*bala₃   PMP *bala₃, whatever, whichever. WMP CMP;  POC *pala₂, some, somewhat. OC

*(bp)ala₁   POC *(bp)ala₁, dried out. OC

*(bp)ala₂   POC *(bp)ala₂, fight. OC

*balabaw   PMP *balabaw, rat, mouse. WMP CMP

*balabeg   PWMP *balabeg, spear, harpoon. WMP

*(bp)ala(bp)ala   POC *(bp)ala(bp)ala, fish sp.. OC

*balabu   PCMP *balabu, dim, of vision. CMP

*balabuR   PMP *balabuR, blurred, of vision. WMP CMP

*baladaw   PWMP *baladaw, dagger. WMP

*balagbag   PWMP *balagbag, thwart, crosspiece, as one used to restrain person; lie athwart or across. WMP

*balai₁   POC *balai₁, fish sp.. OC

*balai₂   POC *balai₂, wild yam: Dioscorea sp.. OC

*balakaŋ   PWMP *balakaŋ, hips. WMP

*balaki   PWMP *balaki, edible marine fish. WMP

*balalaCuk   PAN *balalaCuk, a bird: the woodpecker. Formosan;  PMP *balalatuk, a bird, the woodpecker. WMP

*(bp)alalan   POC *(bp)alalan, slant, lean over (as a tree). WMP OC

*balalantiq   PWMP *balalantiq, tree sp.. WMP

*balalaŋ₁   PWMP *balalaŋ₁, grasshopper, locust. WMP

*balalaŋ₂   PPh *balalaŋ₂, long-legged shore- bird, the sandpiper or snipe. WMP

*balan   PMP *balan, scratch or wale on the skin. WMP CMP

*balanak   PWMP *balanak, a sea fish: the mullet. WMP

*balaŋ₁   PMP *balaŋ₁, scar. WMP CMP

*balaŋ₂   PCEMP *balaŋ₂, side, part. CMP;  POC *balaŋ₄, side, part. OC

*balaŋ₃   PWMP *balaŋ₃, spotted, striped, multi-colored. WMP

*balaŋa   PAN *balaŋa, shallow earthenware cooking pot or pan. Formosan WMP;  POC *palaŋa, potsherd used as a frying pan. OC

*balaŋa(q)   PWMP *balaŋa(q), inattentive. WMP

*balaŋi   POC *balaŋi, fish sp.. OC

*balaq   PWMP *balaq, split, divide. WMP

*balaqih   PPh *balaqih, co-. WMP

*balar   PMP *balar, scratch or wale on the skin. WMP CMP

*balaR   PMP *balaR₁, pale, unnaturally white. WMP CMP;  POC *balaR₂, pale, albino. OC

*bala(R)báR   PPh *bala(R)báR, crosswise, athwart. WMP

*balaRen   PWMP *balaRen, vine. WMP

*balát   PPh *balát, edible marine invertebrate - probably sea cucumber. WMP

*bala(n)tik   PWMP *bala(n)tik, spring back suddenly; spring-set spear trap; the constellation Orion. WMP

*balatuk   PWMP *balatuk, kind of ladder. WMP

*balatuŋ   PWMP *balatuŋ, the mung bean: Phaseolus spp.. WMP

*baláw   PPh *baláw, negative marker. WMP

*balaw₁   PPh *balaw₁, small shrimp sp.. WMP

*balaw₂   PWMP *balaw₂, a resin, probably Dipterocarpus spp.; resinous substance obtained from this tree. WMP

*balay   PMP *balay, public building, community house, guest house. WMP CMP;  POC *pale, canoe shed, store house. OC

*baláyaŋ   PPh *baláyaŋ, banana sp.. WMP

*balbal₁   PAN *balbal₁, beating stick; to beat, beat (esp. clothes in washing them). Formosan WMP CMP

*balbal₂   PWMP *balbal₂, dull-witted, stupid. WMP

*bale(m)baŋ   PWMP *bale(m)baŋ, butterfly. WMP

*balej   PWMP *balej, border, boundary. WMP

*bal(e)ñáw   PPh *bal(e)ñáw, rinse, rinse off. WMP

*baleŋ   PWMP *baleŋ, spotted, streaked. WMP

*bales₁   PAN *bales₁, to answer, retaliate; reciprocate good or evil. Formosan WMP CMP SHWNG

*bales₂   PMP *bales₂, to complete, perfect something. WMP CMP;  POC *palos, to perfect, complete something. OC

*báli   PPh *báli, join, participate in; accompany. WMP

*bali₁   PWMP *bali₁, become, happen. WMP

*bali₂   PWMP *bali₂, equal, equivalent. WMP

*bali₃   PAN *bali₃, wind. Formosan;  PAN *ma-bali₁, wind. Formosan

*bali₄   PMP *bali₄, lie, deception. WMP CMP;  PWMP *ma-bali₂, lying, deceiving, untruthful. WMP

*bali₅   PMP *bali₅, reverse, turn around. WMP CMP

*bali₆   POC *bali₆, fish sp.. OC

*balian   PWMP *balian, shaman (probably a transvestite or hermaphrodite), shamaness; shamanistic ceremony. WMP

*balida   PWMP *balida, fish sp.. WMP

*balidaq   PWMP *balidaq, fish sp.. WMP

*baliji   PMP *baliji, kind of grass. WMP;  POC *palici, grass. OC

*balik₁   PCMP *balik₁, to mix, blend. CMP

*balik₂   PMP *balik₂, reverse, turn around. WMP CMP

*balikat   PWMP *balikat, scapula, shoulder blade. WMP

*balíkes   PPh *balíkes, encircle, wrap around. WMP

*baliketád   PPh *baliketád, reverse, turn around. WMP

*balikid   PPh *balikid, reverse, turn over or around. WMP

*balíkis   PPh *balíkis, tie around; belt. WMP

*balikutkút   PPh *balikutkút, bend, curl up. WMP

*baliliŋ   PWMP *baliliŋ, turn, revolve. WMP

*balilit   PPh *balilit, species of edible snail. WMP

*balin-tuaj   PWMP *balin-tuaj, somersault (cf. *tuaj). WMP

*balinu   PPH *balinu, creeping vine that grows on beach beaches, the beach morning glory: Ipomoea pes-caprae. WMP

*baliŋ₁   PWMP *baliŋ₁, misunderstand, fail to grasp. WMP

*baliŋ₂   PWMP *baliŋ₂, bent, twisted. WMP;  PWMP *baliŋ baliŋ, spiral or circle round. WMP

*baliŋbiŋ   PWMP *baliŋbiŋ, a tree and its edible fruit, the starfruit: Averrhoa bilimbi, Averrhoa carambola. WMP

*baliq   PMP *baliq, fracture, break. WMP CMP

*balisúsu   PPh *balisúsu, a bird: the kingfisher. WMP

*bali(n)taŋ   PWMP *bali(n)taŋ, piece of wood used for a purpose; lie athwart, as a beam. WMP

*balítiq   PPh *balítiq, a tree: the banyan or strangler fig. WMP

*balitúk   PPH *balitúk, gold ore. WMP

*baliuŋ   PWMP *baliuŋ, adze, axe. WMP

*baliw₁   PMP *baliw₁, dual division, moiety == cluster (a) answer, oppose, opposite side or part; partner, friend, enemy. WMP;  PCEMP *bali₈, dual division, moiety. CMP;  POC *bali₇, answer, oppose, opposite side or part; partner, friend, enemy. OC;  PMP *baliw₄, cluster (b) == repay, return in kind; retaliate, take revenge (hence: to equalize a loss or debt). WMP CMP;  POC *bali, repay, replace; take revenge. OC;  PMP *baliw₃, mourn. WMP CMP OC;  PPH *di-baliw, on the opposite side. WMP

*baliw₂   PAN *baliw₂, return. Formosan;  PMP *baliw₂, change, exchange; repeat, return; again. WMP CMP;  PPh *baliw-an, change, exchange; repeat, return; again. WMP

*baliw₃   PAN *baliw, buy, sell. Formosan;  PAN *b<um>aliw, buy. Formosan

*baliwis   PWMP *baliwis, wild duck. WMP

*balizi   PMP *balizi, kind of grass. WMP;  POC *palisi₂, grass. OC

*balu₁   PMP *balu₁, a plant yielding useful fibers: Thespesia populnea. WMP;  POC *(bp)alu, tree sp.. OC

*balu₂   PMP *balu₂, rice pestle. WMP CMP

*balu₃   PMP *balu₃, some, some more. WMP;  POC *palu₆, some, some more. OC

*balu₄   PMP *balu₄, widow(er). WMP CMP;  PWMP *balu balu, widow(er). WMP

*balud   PPH *balud, to bind, tie up (as a person). WMP;  PPH *i-balud, to bind, tie up (as a person). WMP;  PPH *balud-en, to bind, tie up (as a person). WMP

*baluk₁   PMP *baluk₁, sail. WMP CMP

*baluk₂   PMP *baluk₂, to sell. WMP CMP

*balulaŋ   PWMP *balulaŋ, thick or hard skin, buffalo hide, leather; callus. WMP

*balúlaŋ   PPh *balúlaŋ, large open-work basket. WMP

*balun₁   PEMP *balun₁, mix. SHWNG;  POC *balun₄, mix. OC

*balun₂   PWMP *balun₂, provisions for a journey. WMP

*balunuq   PWMP *balunuq, a tree: Mangifera sp.. WMP

*balunuR   PMP *balunuR, a tree with edible fruit, and medicinal uses, probably Buchanania arborescens. WMP CMP

*baluN   PAN *baluN, bind, bundle. Formosan;  PMP *balun₅, bind, bundle, wrap in cloth; death shroud; cloth(ing). WMP;  PCEMP *balun₃, bind, bundle; wrap in cloth; death shroud; cloth(ing). CMP

*baluq   PMP *baluq, mourn the dead. WMP CMP;  POC *paluq, mourn the dead. OC

*baluRu   PWMP *baluRu, a vine: Entada scandens. WMP

*balut₁   PMP *balut₁, mix. WMP;  POC *balut, mix. OC

*balut₂   PWMP *balut₂, roll or wrap something up. WMP

*balútu   PPh *balútu, dugout canoe. WMP

*bambaŋen   PWMP *bambaŋen, a fish, the snapper: Lutjanus spp.. WMP

*banabá   PPh *banabá, a tree: Lagerstroemia speciosa. WMP

*banaeŋ   PWMP *banaeŋ, thread, yarn. WMP

*banal   PPH *banal, tired. WMP

*banaqaR   PMP *banaqaR, radiance, as of rising sun. WMP CMP

*banaRu   PMP *banaRu, the Indian tulip tree: Thespesia populnea. WMP OC

*banat   PWMP *banat, hit, beat, thrash. WMP

*banaw   PAN *banaw, lake. Formosan WMP

*banawaŋ   PWMP *banawaŋ, open space. WMP

*banban   PWMP *banban, a plant, the bast fibers of which are used in binding and plaiting: Maranta dichotoma. WMP

*bandaŋan   PMP *bandaŋan, goat hair decoration on a spear or staff. WMP CMP

*banduŋ   PWMP *banduŋ, pair of boats joined by a connecting platform. WMP

*ban(e)héd   PPh *ban(e)héd, numb; 'fall asleep', of a limb. WMP

*banelat   PWMP *banelat, fish-corral, screen trap for fish. WMP

*banelik   PWMP *banelik, slime, slimy. WMP

*banéR   PPh *banéR, to bruise, raise welts. WMP

*bani₁   POC *bani₁, to paint; smear or rub on. OC

*bani₂   PPH *bani₂, a tree: Pongamia spp.. WMP

*baniákaw   PPh *baniákaw, tree sp.. WMP

*banisah   PPH *banisah, a tree: Planchonella obovata. WMP

*bantal   PWMP *bantal, bundle of cloth or clothes. WMP

*bantaq   PWMP *bantaq, argue with, oppose someone. WMP

*bantas   PWMP *bantas, lasting, enduring. WMP

*bantiŋ   PMP *bantiŋ, fling down, dash against. WMP CMP

*bantug   PPH *bantug, fame; famous, renowned. WMP

*bantun   PMP *bantun, pull up, as out of a pit or out of water. WMP CMP SHWNG

*banua   PMP *banua, inhabited land, territory supporting the life of a community. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *panua, village. OC

*banuaŋ   PWMP *banuaŋ, a tree: Octomeles spp.. WMP

*banuay   PWMP *banuay, tree sp.. WMP

*banuít   PPh *banuít, fish hook. WMP

*banúR   PPh *banúR, hawk, eagle. WMP

*banútan   PPh *banútan, tree sp.. WMP

*baNaR   PAN *baNaR, a thorny vine: Smilax spp.. Formosan;  PMP *banaR₁, a thorny vine: Smilax spp.. WMP;  PCEMP *banaR₂, a thorny vine: Smilax spp.. CMP

*baNaS   PAN *baNaS, male (of animals). Formosan;  PMP *banah, husband. WMP

*baNaw   PAN *baNaw, a thorny vine: Smilax spp.. Formosan;  PMP *banaw, a thorny vine: Smilax spp.. WMP

*baNiC   PAN *baNiC, to skin, flay. Formosan WMP CMP

*bañat   PWMP *bañat, stretch. WMP

*bañaw   PAN *bañaw, wash the body. Formosan;  PMP *bañaw, wash the hands. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *paño, wash the hands. OC;  PAN *ma-bañaw, wash the body. Formosan;  PMP *ma-bañaw, wash the hands. WMP;  PWMP *mam-bañaw, wash, rinse off. WMP

*bañen   PWMP *bañen, to sneeze. WMP

*baŋa₁   PWMP *baŋa₁, palm sp.. WMP

*baŋa₂   PMP *baŋa₂, wide open. WMP CMP;  POC *paŋa₂, wide open. OC

*baŋaq₁   PWMP *baŋaq₁, open the mouth. WMP

*baŋaq₂   PPH *baŋaq₂, earthen water jar. WMP

*baŋaS   PAN *baŋaS, a tree: Melia azedarach. Formosan

*baŋaw   PAN *baŋaw, paddy bug, foul-smelling insect that preys on rice in the field. Formosan WMP

*baŋbaŋ₁   PWMP *baŋbaŋ₁, broad, spacious. WMP

*baŋbaŋ₂   PAN *baŋbaŋ₂, butterfly, moth. Formosan;  PMP *baŋbaŋ₂, butterfly, moth; butterfly fish. WMP

*baŋbaŋ₃   PMP *baŋbaŋ₃, cavity, pit, den; to excavate a pit. WMP;  POC *babaŋ, hole, cavern. OC

*baŋbaŋ₄   PWMP *baŋbaŋ₄, collapse, cave in. WMP

*baŋbaŋ₅   PMP *baŋbaŋ₅, fish sp.. WMP;  POC *babaŋ, fish sp.. OC

*baŋbaŋ₆   PAN *baŋbaŋ₆, resound resounding sound. Formosan WMP CMP

*baŋbaŋ₇   PWMP *baŋbaŋ₇, notch, as in a tree that has been cut prior to felling. WMP

*baŋbaŋ₈   PWMP *baŋbaŋ₈, red. WMP

*baŋbaŋan   PWMP *baŋbaŋan, embankment. WMP

*baŋ(e)haw   PWMP *baŋ(e)haw, having a putrid smell. WMP

*baŋeliS   PAN *baŋeliS, tusk; canine tooth. Formosan;  PMP *baŋelih, tusk, canine tooth. WMP

*baŋ(e)lúh   PPH *baŋ(e)lúh, fragrance, pleasant odor. WMP;  PPH *ma-baŋ(e)luh, fragrant, sweet-smelling. WMP

*baŋ(e)qeR   PAN *baŋ(e)qeR₁, rotten smell, stench. Formosan;  PMP *baŋ(e)qeR₂, rotten smell, stench (as of stagnant water). WMP CMP

*baŋ(e)qes   PMP *baŋ(e)qes, unpleasant smell. WMP CMP

*baŋeS   PAN *baŋeS, skin. Formosan

*baŋeSiS   PAN *baŋeSiS, fragrant. Formosan;  PMP *baŋehih, fragrant. WMP CMP

*baŋi₁   PMP *baŋi₁, bait. WMP OC

*baŋi₂   PMP *baŋi₂, cook over a fire. WMP CMP

*baŋil   PPH *baŋil, wedge, shim, piece inserted to prevent movement. WMP

*baŋiq   PWMP *baŋiq, to bite. WMP

*baŋis   PWMP *baŋis, cruel. WMP

*baŋkal   PMP *baŋkal, a tree: Nauclea sp.. WMP CMP

*baŋkaq   PMP *baŋkaq, boat. WMP CMP;  POC *pakaq, non-native canoe. OC

*baŋkaw   PWMP *baŋkaw, barbless spear. WMP

*baŋkay   PWMP *baŋkay, corpse, carcass. WMP

*baŋkiriŋ   PWMP *baŋkiriŋ, tree sp.. WMP

*baŋkudu   PWMP *baŋkudu, tree with white fruit and roots that yield a useful dye: Morinda citrifolia. WMP

*baŋkulis   PWMP *baŋkulis, fish sp.. WMP

*baŋsal   PWMP *baŋsal, cooking shed. WMP

*baŋsit   PWMP *baŋsit, stench. WMP

*baŋun   PAN *baŋun₁, the Japanese cypress: Chamaecyparis obtusa. Formosan

*baŋun-baŋun   PWMP *baŋun-baŋun, kind of herb. WMP

*baŋuN   PAN *baŋuN, wake up, get out of bed. Formosan;  PMP *baŋun₂, wake someone, rouse someone from sleep; erect something, put something in an upright position. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *paŋun, to wake up, rouse someone from sleep. OC;  PWMP *baŋun-an, raise, place something upright. WMP;  PWMP *baŋun-en, wake. WMP;  PWMP *b<in>aŋun, wake. WMP;  PPh *b<um>aŋun, arise from sleep. WMP;  PWMP *ma-baŋun, erect, stand upright. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-baŋun, erect, construct. WMP;  PWMP *maR-baŋun, get up. WMP;  PWMP *pa-baŋun, to awaken, wake someone up. WMP;  PWMP *paŋ-baŋun-an, construction, erection of something. WMP;  POC *paŋun-ia, to awaken, wake someone up. OC

*baqagi   PMP *baqagi, share, inherit, inheritance; to allot, divide property. WMP CMP SHWNG

*baqak₁   PMP *baqak₁, split, break off. WMP CMP

*baqak₂   PPH *baqak₂, old. WMP

*baqas   PMP *baqas, split lengthwise. WMP;  POC *paqas, split lengthwise. OC

*baqbaq   PMP *baqbaq, mouth, opening; speak, say. WMP CMP;  POC *papaq₂, mouth. OC

*baqeluŋ   PWMP *baqeluŋ, small shallow body of water. WMP

*baqeñan   PWMP *baqeñan, to sneeze. WMP

*baqeRuh   PAN *baqeRuh, new; bachelor. Formosan;  PMP *baqeRu, new, fresh; recent(ly); youth, bachelor; beautiful, in one's prime. WMP CMP;  PEMP *baqoRu, new, recent; young, fresh. SHWNG OC;  POC *tau paqoRu, bachelor; young unmarried person. OC;  PWMP *ma-baqeRuh, new. WMP

*baqeSiŋ   PAN *baqeSiŋ, sneeze. Formosan

*baq(e)tiŋ   PPH *batiŋ, to catch by the legs. WMP;  PPH *ma-masiŋ, to catch by the legs. WMP

*baqi   PAN *baqi, grandmother. Formosan WMP CMP

*báqug   PPH *báqug, spoiled, gone to waste; never realized, of potential for fertility. WMP

*baququ   PPH *baququ, tortoise, land turtle. WMP

*baquR   PMP *baquR, trigger of a tension-set trap. WMP CMP

*bara₁   PMP *bara₁, pen, enclosure for domesticated animals. WMP SHWNG;  POC *bara₄, fence; animal pen; fortification. OC

*bara₂   PMP *bara₂, support beams in a house. WMP CMP;  PMP *barabara₁, support beams in a house. WMP;  POC *barabara₂, crosspiece. OC

*bara₃   PWMP *bara₃, whatever, whichever. WMP

*baran   PMP *baran, mollusk sp.. WMP CMP

*baranbán   PPh *baranbán, small marine fish. WMP

*baraŋ   PMP *baraŋ₁, indefinite. WMP CMP;  POC *baraŋ₂, indefinite. OC

*baraŋan₁   PWMP *baraŋan₁, banana sp.. WMP

*baraŋan₂   PWMP *baraŋan₂, fruit tree. WMP

*baraŋan₃   PWMP *baraŋan₃, rat-weed, arsenic. WMP

*baraŋay   PWMP *baraŋay, kind of large boat. WMP

*baraŋen₁   PWMP *baraŋen₁, banana sp.. WMP

*baraŋen₂   PWMP *baraŋen₂, rat-weed, arsenic. WMP

*baraŋgay   PPh *baraŋgay, communal boat. WMP

*baraq   PMP *baraq, disaster. WMP CMP

*baras   PWMP *baras, reciprocate good or evil. WMP

*barasbas   PWMP *barasbas, splash of splashing water. WMP

*barat₂   PPh *barat₂, tree sp.. WMP

*barat₁   PAN *barat₁, cross. Formosan WMP CMP;  POC *barat₁, cross. OC

*barayaŋ   PWMP *barayaŋ, tree sp.. WMP

*barayeŋ   PWMP *barayeŋ, tree sp.. WMP

*barbar   PMP *barbar, spread out, unfurl. WMP CMP

*bari   POC *bari, nibble at, gnaw at something hard. OC

*barik   PMP *barik, striped, streaked. WMP CMP

*bariwis   PWMP *bariwis, wild duck: Dendrocygna sp.. WMP

*baruga   PWMP *baruga, kind of building. WMP

*baruk   PMP *baruk, fungus that grows on the sugar palm; tinder. WMP CMP

*barunus   PWMP *barunus, kind of creeper. WMP

*barut   PWMP *barut, bandage, wrapping. WMP

*baRa baRa   POC *baRa baRa, crosswise. OC

*baRa₁   PMP *baRa₁, hand, arm. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *paRa₃, hand. OC

*baRa₂   PMP *baRa₂, pen, enclosure for domesticated animals. WMP SHWNG;  POC *baRa, fence; animal pen; fortification. OC

*baRah   PAN *baRah, ember, glowing coal. Formosan;  PMP *baRah, ember. WMP CMP;  PMP *baRah hapuy, ember, glowing coal. WMP CMP

*baRani   PMP *baRani, hero, war-leader; dare to do. WMP CMP;  POC *paRane, brave, bold. OC;  PWMP *ma-baRani, brave, bold, daring. WMP

*baRaŋ   PAN *baRaŋ, rib (?). Formosan

*baRaq₁   PAN *baRaq₁, lung. Formosan WMP CMP;  POC *paRaq₂, lung. OC

*baRat   PPH *baRat, to meet. WMP;  PPH *ma-baRat, to be met (?). WMP

*baRat₁   PAN *baRat₁, cross. Formosan WMP CMP;  POC *baRat, paRat, cross. OC

*baRat₂   PAN *baRat₂, cucumber: Cucumis sativus. Formosan

*baRbaR   PWMP *baRbaR, break up, fall into pieces, scatter, disperse. WMP

*baReq   PAN *baReq, abscess, boil, swelling on the body. Formosan WMP CMP;  POC *baRoq, a boil. OC

*baReqaŋ   PMP *baReqaŋ, molar tooth. WMP;  POC *paRaŋ, molar tooth. OC

*baRetiq   PWMP *baRetiq, parched, bone- dry. WMP

*baRija   PAN *baRija, weaver's sword ( lath used to beat in and tighten the woof). Formosan;  PMP *balija, weaver's sword ( lath used to beat in and tighten the woof). WMP

*baRiuS   PAN *baRiuS, typhoon. Formosan WMP

*baRiw   PMP *baRiw, beginning to spoil, tainted (of food left uneaten too long). WMP;  PCEMP *baRi, beginning to spoil, tainted (of food left uneaten too long). CMP

*baRu   PMP *baRu, a small shore tree: Hibiscus tiliaceus. WMP CMP;  POC *paRu, Hibiscus tiliaceus, a tree the bark of which provides a fiber much used in making cordage; to lash, tie, bind. OC

*baRuaŋ   PWMP *baRuaŋ, the Malayan sun bear: Ursus malayanus. WMP

*baRubu   PPH *baRubu, a tree with edible fruit: Diplodiscus paniculatus Turz.. WMP

*baRuj   PAN *baRuj, a dove: probably Ducula spp.. Formosan;  PMP *baluj, a dove: probably Ducula spp.. WMP CMP;  POC *baluc, dove sp.. OC

*baRunbun   PWMP *baRunbun, mottled brown and grey (of the feathers of cocks). WMP

*baRus   PWMP *baRus, scrape. WMP

*basa   PWMP *basa, acquaintance. WMP

*basbas₁   PAN *basbas₁, hit, strike. Formosan WMP

*basbas₂   PAN *basbas₂, sprinkle. Formosan;  PWMP *basbas₄, purify by sprinkling with holy water. WMP

*basbas₃   PWMP *basbas₃, trim, prune, clear a path. WMP

*basbas₄   PPH *basbas₅, to come apart, as the fibers of a rope. WMP

*baseq   PAN *baseq, wash clothes. Formosan;  PMP *baseq, wet; wash clothes. WMP CMP;  POC *pasoq, wash clothes. OC;  PMP *ma-baseq, wet, moist, damp. WMP CMP;  PWMP *ma-base-baseq, soaking wet (?); somewhat wet (?). WMP;  PWMP *baseq-an, thing that gets wet. WMP;  PWMP *basaq-en, wash. WMP;  PWMP *ka-baseq-an, ?. WMP;  PPh *maR-baseq, to wash, as clothes. WMP

*bási   PPH *bási, sugarcane wine. WMP

*basiR   PWMP *basiR, sexually impotent. WMP

*basu   POC *basu, anger, angry. OC

*básul   PPH *básul, blame someone for something. WMP

*basula   PPH *basula, hairy eggplant: Solanum ferox Linn.. WMP

*basuŋ   PWMP *basuŋ, tubular basket used to carry and store rice or sago. WMP

*basuq   PAN *basuq, to wash. Formosan WMP;  PAN *b<um>asuq, to wash. Formosan

*baSaq   PAN *baSaq, a flood; to overflow, be in flood. Formosan;  PMP *bahaq₂, a flood; to overflow, be in flood. WMP;  PCEMP *baaq, flood. CMP;  POC *pāq, flood. OC

*baSaw   PAN *baSaw, cold, of leftover food; leftovers from a meal. Formosan;  PMP *bahaw, cold, of leftover food; leftovers from a meal. WMP;  PAN *ma-baSaw, cooled off, as cooked food that has been left to sit too long. Formosan;  PPH *pa-bahaw-en, to let food or hot water cool off. WMP

*baSay   PAN *baSay, a hairy vine: Pueraria hirsuta. Formosan;  PMP *bahay, a hairy vine: Pueraria hirsuta. WMP

*batad   PMP *batad, millet or sorghum sp. (unident.). WMP CMP

*batak   PWMP *batak, drag, pull. WMP

*bataŋ₁   PMP *bataŋ, tree trunk, fallen tree, log; stem of a plant; body; corpse; self; bridge of the nose; most important or preeminent thing; main course of a river; mushroom or bracket fungus that grows on tree trunks or decaying logs. WMP CMP SHWNG OC;  PWMP *bataŋ-an, transverse beam or tree trunk. WMP;  PWMP *bataŋ qijuŋ, bridge of the nose. WMP

*bataq   PWMP *bataq, young, esp. of vegetation. WMP

*batbat   PWMP *batbat, hit, strike hard. WMP

*batek   PMP *batek, mottled design, as of a tattoo. WMP CMP

*batéŋ   PPH *batéŋ, hunting net; net used in hunting. WMP

*bates   PWMP *bates, border, boundary. WMP

*bati   POC *bati, canine tooth (?). OC

*baties   PWMP *baties, calf of the leg. WMP

*batik₁   PWMP *batik₁, make a design; tattoo. WMP

*batik₂   PMP *batik₂, grasshopper. WMP CMP

*batiŋtiŋ   PPH *batiŋtiŋ, ringing sound, as of a bell. WMP

*batu₁   PAN *batu₃, to throw. Formosan WMP

*batu₂   PMP *batu₂, kidney. WMP OC

*batuk₁   PMP *batuk₁, cough. WMP CMP;  PWMP *batuk batuk, cough repeatedly. WMP

*batuk₂   PWMP *batuk₂, nape of the neck. WMP

*batuk₃   PMP *batuk₃, skull. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *batuk, head. OC

*batuR₁   PMP *batuR₁, to plait, weave (as mats, baskets). WMP;  POC *patuR, to plait, weave. OC

*batuR₂   PPH *batuR₂, aligned, lined up. WMP

*batux   PAN *batux, stone; testicle. Formosan;  PMP *batu, stone; testicle; kind of banana; numeral classifier for teeth (?). WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *patu, stone. OC;  PWMP *ma-batu, rocky, stony. WMP;  PWMP *ma-matu, collect stones(?), use stones for a purpose. WMP;  PWMP *ka-batu-an, stony place, stony ground. WMP;  PWMP *b<in>atu, (gloss uncertain). WMP;  PWMP *b<um>atu, stone. WMP;  PWMP *batu-an, (gloss uncertain). WMP;  PWMP *batu-en, stony, as land. WMP;  PWMP *ba-batu, (gloss uncertain). WMP;  PMP *batu-batu, stony, gravel. WMP OC;  PMP *batu hapuy, flint stone. WMP CMP;  PWMP *batu hasaq, whet stone. WMP;  PWMP *batu papan, broad, flat rock shaped like a plank. WMP;  PMP *quzan batu₁, hail (lit. ‘ stone rain’). WMP;  POC *qusan patu₁, hail. OC

*bauk   PWMP *bauk, feathers under chin of rooster, chin whiskers. WMP

*bauR   PMP *bauR, trigger on spring trap. WMP CMP

*bawaŋ₁   PWMP *bawaŋ₁, open space, expanse of land or water. WMP

*bawaŋ₂   PPH *bawaŋ₂, for water to run downhill, as in artificial irrigation on terraced hillsides. WMP

*bawas   PPH *bawas, reduce, lower (as a price). WMP

*bawbaw   PMP *bawbaw, upper surface, top, above. WMP CMP;  PCEMP *bobo₂, upper surface, top, above. SHWNG

*baweR   PPH *baweR, trigger on spring trap. WMP

*báwiq   PPH *báwiq, to recover something lost, regain. WMP;  PPH *b<um>áwiq, to recover, regain something lost. WMP

*bayaD   PMP *bayaD, pay. WMP CMP

*bayan   PCEMP *bayan, bait. CMP;  POC *bayan, bait. OC

*bayaŋ   PWMP *bayaŋ, an edible plant: Amaranthus spinosus. WMP

*báyaŋ-báyaŋ   PPH *báyaŋ-báyaŋ, kind of marine fish. WMP

*bayáq   PPH *bayáq, to leave things or people alone; to abandon. WMP

*bayaw   PWMP *bayaw, brother-in-law (man speaking). WMP

*bayawak   PWMP *bayawak, monitor lizard, Varanus spp. (esp. V. salvator). WMP

*baybáy   PPh *baybáy, beach, shore. WMP

*bayu   PAN *bayu, to pound rice. Formosan WMP CMP

*bayug   PPH *bayug, slender bamboo used for binding. WMP

*bayuquŋ   PWMP *bayuquŋ, bag of plaited palm leaves. WMP

*bayuR   PMP *bayuR, a tree: Pterospermum sp.. WMP CMP

*bazaw   PWMP *bazaw, strike one another (as fighting cocks). WMP


 

TOP      ba    be    bi    bo    bp    bu    bw    

be

*bebak₁   PWMP *bebak₁, peeled, skinned. WMP

*bebak₂   PMP *bebak₂, slap, beat on. WMP CMP

*bebe   POC *bebe, butterfly; butterfly fish: Chaetodon spp.. OC

*becik   PMP *becik, spatter, fly out in all directions. WMP CMP

*becit   PMP *becit, squeeze, squirt out. WMP CMP;  POC *posit₁, squeeze, squirt out. OC

*beCeŋ   PAN *beCeŋ, millet sp., probably foxtail millet: Setaria italica. Formosan;  PMP *beteŋ₁, millet sp., probably foxtail millet: Setaria italica. WMP CMP

*beCik   PAN *beCik, tattoo. Formosan;  PMP *betik₂, tattoo. WMP CMP;  PAN *b<in>eCik, tattoo. Formosan;  PMP *b<in>etik, tattoo. WMP

*beCu   PAN *beCu, callus, blister. Formosan;  PMP *betu₃, callus, blister. WMP CMP

*bedbed   PWMP *bedbed, fish sp.. WMP

*bediq   PWMP *bediq, vulva, vagina. WMP

*bedul   PAN *bedul, swelling of the body. Formosan;  PMP *bendul, swelling of the body. WMP

*begaw   PWMP *begaw, confused, disoriented by loud noise. WMP

*begbeg   PWMP *begbeg, grind to a powder, pulverize. WMP

*beh(e)ñat   PPh *beh(e)ñat, stretch. WMP

*bei   PCMP *bei, to say. CMP

*bejbej   PAN *bejbej₁, wrap around repeatedly, bind by wrapping; bundle of wrapped material. Formosan;  PMP *bejbej₂, wind around. WMP CMP;  POC *boboc, bundle (of firewood, etc.). OC;  PWMP *bejbej-an, bind. WMP;  PPh *bejbej-en, to wind, tie by winding around. WMP;  PWMP *b<in>ejbej, was tied by winding around. WMP;  PPh *i-bejbej, that with which one binds something. WMP;  PWMP *ka-bejbej, (gloss uncertain). WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-bejbej, bind, tie together by winding around. WMP

*bek   PWMP *bek, onomatopoetic for dull sound. WMP

*beka   PMP *beka, split, crack open. WMP OC

*bekaj   PWMP *bekaj, to open, as a fist; to blossom, of flowers; break up, dismantle, demolish. WMP

*be(ŋ)kaŋ   PMP *be(ŋ)kaŋ, spread apart, as the legs, or an unbent fishhook. WMP CMP;  POC *pokaŋ, spread apart, as the legs or an unbent fishhook. OC

*bekaq   PMP *bekaq, split, crack open. WMP CMP;  POC *pokaq, divide, separate things that are joined. OC

*be(ŋ)kaR   PMP *be(ŋ)kaR, to open, as a fist; to blossom, of flowers; split open, break up, dismantle, demolish. WMP CMP;  POC *poŋkaR, burst open, split open. OC

*bekas₁   PAN *bekas₁, to spring a trap. Formosan WMP

*bekas₂   PAN *bekas₂, swift, fast. Formosan WMP

*bekas₃   PMP *bekas₃, trace, track, mark, print (as footprint). WMP CMP;  PWMP *bekas-an, mark something (?). WMP;  PWMP *pa-bekas, give an impression (physical or psychological). WMP;  PWMP *paŋ-bekas, (gloss uncertain). WMP

*bekas₄   POC *bekas₄, defecate. OC

*bekbek₁   PMP *bekbek₁, fine particles, powder which results from pounding grains, etc.; pulverize grains. WMP;  POC *popok, rot; rotten. OC;  PWMP *b<in>ekbek, pulverize. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-bekbek, pound into fine particles. WMP

*bekbek₂   PAN *bekbek₂, sound of breaking, etc.. Formosan WMP CMP

*bekel   PWMP *bekel, provisions for a journey. WMP

*bekelaj   PMP *bekelaj, spread out, unroll (mats, etc.), open out, unfold (as the hand); wide. WMP CMP;  PEMP *bolaj, spread out, unroll (mats, etc.); wide. SHWNG;  POC *polac, to spread. OC;  PWMP *bekelaj-an, surface on which something is spread. WMP;  PWMP *b<in>ekelaj, was spread out. WMP;  PWMP *ma-bekelaj, wide, broad. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-bekelaj, to spread out. WMP;  PWMP *bekelaj-en, be spread out; what is spread out. WMP

*beken   PWMP *beken, negator of nominals; other, different. WMP

*bekeR   PWMP *bekeR₁, choke, have something stuck in the throat. WMP;  PPH *bekeR-an, to choke on something swallowed, as a fishbone. WMP

*beketut   PWMP *beketut, humpbacked. WMP

*bekuC   PAN *bekuC, hunchbacked. Formosan;  PMP *bekut, hunchbacked. WMP CMP;  POC *pokut, hunch over, curl up (body). OC

*bekug   PMP *bekug, curved, bent. WMP CMP

*bekuk   PMP *bekuk, curved, bent. WMP CMP

*bekul₁   PMP *bekul₁, curved, bent. WMP CMP

*bekul₂   PMP *bekul₂, snail. WMP CMP

*bekur   PWMP *bekur, turtle; turtledove. WMP

*belaj   PWMP *belaj, spread out to dry in the sun. WMP

*belak   PMP *belak, crack, split open (as the stomach of a fish). WMP CMP

*belaŋ₁   PMP *belaŋ₁, bamboo sp.. WMP CMP

*belaŋ₂   PMP *belaŋ₂, spotted, dappled. WMP CMP;  PWMP *belaŋ belaŋ, variegated in color; spotted or speckled. WMP

*belaq   PAN *belaq, part of something split. Formosan WMP CMP;  POC *polaq, split in two. OC;  PAN *b<in>elaq, to have been split, cloven in two. Formosan WMP;  PAN *ma-belaq, be split, in two. Formosan WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-belaq, to split, cleave in two. WMP

*belas   PCMP *belas, machete. CMP

*belat₁   PMP *belat₁, division, partition, intervening space. WMP CMP

*belat₂   PMP *belat₂, fish corral. WMP CMP;  POC *polat, fish corral. OC

*belatuk   PWMP *belatuk, woodpecker. WMP

*belay   PPh *belay, tired, weary; to tire, grow tired. WMP

*belbel₁   PMP *belbel₁, dull, blunt; blocked, plugged; stupid. WMP;  PCEMP *bebel, dull, blunt; blocked, plugged; stupid. CMP

*belbel₂   PMP *belbel₂, hydropoesia, bodily swelling caused by water retention. WMP;  POC *popol, hydropoesia, bodily swelling caused by water retention. OC

*bele   POC *bele, shrub sp., kind of shrub. OC

*belekas   PWMP *belekas, begin. WMP

*belembaŋ   PWMP *belembaŋ, butterfly. WMP

*belen   PCEMP *belen, to swallow. CMP;  POC *polon, to swallow. OC

*beleŋ   PWMP *beleŋ, dark color: black. WMP

*belet   PWMP *belet, fish corral. WMP

*beli   PAN *beli, to buy. Formosan;  PMP *beli, value, price; marriage prestations, brideprice; purchase. WMP CMP SHWNG;  PEMP *poli, value, price; marriage prestations, brideprice; purchase. SHWNG OC;  POC *poli-a, to barter, purchase by exchange. OC;  POC *poli poli, barter, trade. OC;  PWMP *pa-beli, sell, give in exchange. WMP;  PWMP *beli-an, be bought from or for someone; what one has bought. WMP;  PWMP *beli-en, value, cost, price of something. WMP;  PWMP *b<in>eli, was bought by someone. WMP

*beliq₁   PMP *beliq₁, to lie, tell a lie. WMP CMP

*beliq₂   PMP *beliq₂, no, not; vetative marker: don't!. WMP CMP

*belit₁   PWMP *belit₁, bamboo cross-lath used to hold down roof thatch. WMP

*belit₂   PMP *belit₂, twist around. WMP CMP;  POC *polit, twist around. OC

*belit₃   PMP *belit₃, viscous, sticky. WMP CMP

*belu   POC *belu, bend, curve. OC

*beluk   PMP *beluk, bend. WMP CMP

*beluŋ   PWMP *beluŋ, bend, curve. WMP

*beluy   PWMP *beluy, forget a skill, make a mistake. WMP

*bena   PMP *bena, lower part of a river; tidal bore. WMP CMP

*benal   PWMP *benal, strike, whip, beat. WMP

*benan   PAN *benan, deer of the genus Cervus, either the sika deer or sambar deer. Formosan

*benaŋ   PWMP *benaŋ, thread (for weaving, sewing). WMP

*benaR   PWMP *benaR, sunlight. WMP

*benban   PWMP *benban, herb used in making baskets: Donax cannaeformis. WMP

*benben₁   PWMP *benben₁, block, obstruct. WMP

*benben₂   PWMP *benben₂, herb used in making baskets: Donax cannaeformis. WMP

*benehiq   PWMP *benehiq, seed rice. WMP

*benem₁   PWMP *benem₁, roast in hot ashes. WMP

*benem₂   PWMP *benem₂, sink; drown. WMP;  PWMP *taR-benem, sink. WMP

*bener   PMP *bener, true, righteous, honest. WMP;  POC *bonor₁, true, correct, upright. OC;  PWMP *ka-bener-an, righteous. WMP

*benes   PWMP *benes, grow densely, of vegetation. WMP

*bentas   PMP *bentas, hack a passage through vegetation, blaze a trail. WMP CMP;  PWMP *maŋ-bentas, hack a passage through. WMP

*benteŋ   PMP *benteŋ, extended, stretched taut, put under tension. WMP CMP

*benti   PWMP *benti, kind of marine fish. WMP

*bentis   PWMP *bentis, swollen belly. WMP

*bentuk   PMP *bentuk, curve. WMP CMP

*bentut   PWMP *bentut, fart; stench. WMP

*benu   POC *benu, coconut husk. OC

*benuaŋ   PWMP *benuaŋ, a tree: Octomeles sp.. WMP

*benut   PMP *benut₁, fibrous husk of coconut. WMP CMP

*beNbeN   PAN *beNbeN, banana: Musa sapientum L.. Formosan

*beNelem   PAN *beNelem, overcast, twilight. Formosan WMP

*beNuC   PAN *beNuC, pull out, extract. Formosan;  PMP *benut₂, pull out, extract. WMP

*beñan   PMP *beñan, to sneeze. WMP CMP

*beŋ   PWMP *beŋ, buzz, hum. WMP

*beŋa₁   PMP *beŋa₁, open the mouth. WMP CMP

*beŋa₂   PCMP *beŋa₂, to say, tell. CMP

*beŋaŋ₁   PMP *beŋaŋ₁, disconcert, confuse. WMP OC

*beŋaŋ₂   PMP *beŋaŋ₂, gape, open the mouth wide; be dazzled, amazed. WMP;  POC *poŋaŋ, be amazed. OC

*beŋaŋ₃   PMP *beŋaŋ₃, open, spacious. WMP CMP

*beŋap   PMP *beŋap, surprised, amazed. WMP;  POC *poŋap, be amazed. OC

*beŋaq   PMP *beŋaq, open the mouth. WMP CMP

*beŋat   PMP *beŋat₁, split, torn; opening or water passage between two capes of land. WMP CMP

*beŋát   PPh *beŋát₂, state, express in words. WMP

*beŋbeŋ₁   PAN *beŋbeŋ₁, block. Formosan;  PWMP *beŋbeŋ, block. WMP;  POC *boboŋ₁, shut off. OC

*beŋbeŋ₂   PAN *beŋbeŋ₂, buzz, hum. Formosan WMP;  PAN *b<aR>eŋbeŋ, buzz. Formosan WMP

*beŋbeŋ₃   PMP *beŋbeŋ₃, overcrowd. WMP;  POC *boboŋ₂, overcrowd. OC

*beŋbeŋ₄   PMP *beŋbeŋ₄, butterfly. WMP SHWNG;  POC *boboŋ, butterfly. OC

*beŋel   PMP *beŋel, deaf. WMP;  PCEMP *beŋel, mute, unable to speak. CMP;  POC *boŋol, mute, unable to speak. OC

*beŋ(e)qáw   PPh *beŋ(e)qáw, chasm, precipice. WMP

*beŋeR   PWMP *beŋeR, hard of hearing, deaf. WMP

*beŋet₁   PPh *beŋet₁, edge, border. WMP

*beŋet₂   PPh *beŋet₂, moustache, whiskers. WMP

*beŋi   PMP *beŋi, fragrance, pleasant odor or smell. WMP CMP

*beŋil   PWMP *beŋil, part of the lower leg, possibly the ankle. WMP

*beŋis₁   PMP *beŋis₁, angry, quarrelsome. WMP CMP;  PWMP *ka-beŋis-an, anger, cruelty. WMP

*beŋis₂   PMP *beŋis₂, grin widely, showing the teeth. WMP CMP

*beŋit   PMP *beŋit, cry out, as in pain or fear. WMP CMP

*beŋkak   PMP *beŋkak, swell, increase in size. WMP CMP

*beŋkas₄   PMP *beŋkas, untie, undo. WMP CMP

*beŋkek   PWMP *beŋkek, short and stocky. WMP

*beŋkeR   PEMP *beŋkeR, defecate. SHWNG;  POC *bekeR₂, defecate. OC

*beŋkuŋ   PMP *beŋkuŋ, bent, curve, arch. WMP CMP

*beŋkuq   PMP *beŋkuq, bend, curve. WMP CMP

*beŋuit   PPh *beŋuit, fishhook. WMP

*beŋuŋ   PMP *beŋuŋ, humming sound. WMP CMP

*beqbeq   PMP *beqbeq, mouth. WMP CMP

*ber   PMP *ber, onomatopoetic for sound of fluttering, flying. WMP CMP

*beraŋ   PMP *beraŋ, width, extent across. WMP CMP

*berber₁   PMP *berber₁, flutter, flap, sound of rapid wingbeats. WMP CMP

*berber₂   PMP *berber₂, shiver, tremble. WMP CMP

*beriq   PAN *beriq, split, tear open. Formosan WMP CMP

*berit₁   PWMP *berit₁, scratch a line. WMP

*berit₂   PWMP *berit₂, split, tear open. WMP

*beRas   PAN *beRas, rice between harvesting and cooking; husked rice. Formosan;  PMP *beRas, rice between harvesting and cooking; husked rice. WMP CMP;  PAN *beRas-an, container in which rice is stored. Formosan WMP;  PWMP *beRas-en, to husk rice; be afflicted with pimples on the skin resembling rice grains. WMP;  PPh *b<in>eRas, pounded rice. WMP;  PWMP *maR-beRas, bear fruit. WMP

*beRaw   PWMP *beRaw, cursed. WMP

*beRay   PAN *beRay, give. Formosan;  PMP *beRay, give, present gifts to; gift. WMP CMP;  PEMP *boRe, give. SHWNG;  PWMP *maŋ-beRay, give. WMP;  PAN *pa-beRay, to give. Formosan WMP

*beRek   PAN *beRek, domesticated pig. Formosan WMP SHWNG;  POC *boRok, pig. OC

*beReŋ   PMP *beReŋ, deep grunt or groan. WMP CMP

*beReqaŋ   PAN *beReqaŋ, molar tooth. Formosan WMP

*beReqat   PMP *beReqat, weight, heaviness, weightiness; difficult; pregnant. WMP CMP;  PWMP *ka-beReqat-en, weight. WMP;  PMP *ma-beReqat, heavy; burdensome. WMP CMP

*beRet   PWMP *beRet, belt. WMP

*beRkes   PMP *beRkes, bundle (as of firewood); package. WMP CMP;  PEMP *bokes, bundle; package. SHWNG;  POC *pokos, wrap up; bundle, bundle of firewood. OC;  PWMP *maŋ-beRkes, tie together into a bundle. WMP

*beRkis   PWMP *beRkis, bind up; bundle. WMP CMP

*beRnát   PPh *beRnát, relapse. WMP

*beRŋaw   PAN *beRŋaw, bluebottle, large fly. Formosan CMP

*beRŋi   PMP *beRŋi, night. WMP CMP;  POC *boŋi, night. OC;  POC *e boŋi, it is getting dark, night is coming on. OC;  POC *boŋi-a, be overcome by night, benighted. OC;  PAN *beRŋi-n, night. Formosan WMP;  PMP *beRŋi-na, (gloss uncertain). WMP OC;  PMP *beRŋi beRŋi, night. WMP CMP;  PWMP *ka-beRŋi-an, night. WMP;  PWMP *pa-beRŋi, stay overnight, spend the night. WMP;  PWMP *paR-beRŋi-an, place where one spends the night. WMP

*beRsay   PMP *beRsay, canoe paddle; paddle a canoe. WMP CMP SHWNG;  PEMP *boRse, canoe paddle, paddle a canoe. SHWNG;  POC *pose, canoe paddle; paddle a canoe. OC;  PWMP *beRsay-an, (gloss uncertain). WMP;  POC *pose pose, to paddle repeatedly, paddle about. OC

*beRták   PPh *beRták, to hit, strike, or hard objects colliding. WMP

*be(R)tas   PMP *be(R)tas, tear, rip open (as cloth or stitches), snap (as string). WMP CMP;  POC *potas, tear, rip open, cut open. OC

*beRtek   PMP *beRtek, thorn, spur, barb. WMP;  PEMP *betek₃, thorn; stinger of stingray. SHWNG;  POC *potok, thorn, spur, barb, stinger of stingray. OC

*beRtiq   PWMP *beRtiq, popped rice, roasted rice. WMP

*beRus₁   PAN *beRus₁, a plant: Rhus semialata. Formosan

*beRus₂   PPH *beRus₂, a tree: Acalypha amentacea Roxb.. WMP

*bes   PAN *bes, whizzing sound. Formosan CMP

*besaq   PMP *besaq, wet, wash. WMP CMP

*besay   PWMP *besay, waterfall. WMP

*besbes   PMP *besbes, sound of whirring or whizzing. WMP CMP

*besek   PMP *besek, crowded. WMP CMP

*bes(e)kág   PPh *bes(e)kág, to open, as a flower. WMP

*bes(e)káj   PPh *bes(e)káj, to open, as a flower. WMP

*bes(e)qel   PPh *bes(e)qel, blame someone for something. WMP

*besiq   PMP *besiq, split open, burst under pressure. WMP CMP

*besuR   PAN *besuR, satisfied from having eaten enough, satiated. Formosan WMP CMP;  POC *bosuR, satisfied from having eaten enough, satiated. OC;  PWMP *besuR-en, be satiated, given a full belly. WMP;  PMP *ka-besuR, satisfaction, satiation. WMP CMP;  PWMP *ka-besuR-an, sated with. WMP;  PAN *ma-besuR, satiated, full from eating. Formosan WMP CMP;  PWMP *maka-besuR, able to satiate, able to satisfy one's appetite. WMP;  PPh *maR-besuR, satiated, full from eating. WMP

*beta₁   PWMP *beta₁, break open. WMP

*beta₂   PMP *beta₂, chop down. WMP CMP

*beta₃   POC *beta₃, breadfruit. OC

*betak   PAN *betak₁, crack, split open (as dry ground). Formosan;  PMP *betak₂, split, cleave. WMP CMP;  POC *potak, split, cleave, divide. OC

*betaq₁   PWMP *betaq₁, able to resist or persist, as rice grains that are difficult to husk. WMP

*betaq₂   PMP *betaq₂, burst, split open. WMP CMP

*betaw   PMP *betaw, sister (man speaking). WMP CMP

*betbet   PMP *betbet, beat, thrash. WMP CMP;  PWMP *maŋ-betbet, beat, thrash. WMP

*beték   PPh *beték, binding material, cordage; bundle. WMP;  PPH *betek-en, to bind into bundles or sheaves. WMP

*betek₁   PMP *betek₁, spur or spine on an animal. WMP;  POC *potok, pufferfish, porcupinefish. OC

*betek₂   PWMP *betek₂, stretch, put under tension. WMP

*betek₃   PPH *betek₄, a bundle or sheaf, as of rice. WMP

*beteken   PWMP *beteken, upper arm. WMP

*betem   PMP *betem, millet sp., probably foxtail millet: Setaria italica. WMP CMP

*beteŋ₁   PWMP *beteŋ₂, belly, abdomen. WMP

*beteŋ₂   PPH *beteŋ₃, to pull. WMP

*beties   PAN *beties, calf of the leg. Formosan WMP;  PCEMP *betis, calf of the leg. CMP

*betik   PAN *betik₁, snap the fingers; flick with the finger, fillip. Formosan CMP

*betiq₁   PWMP *betiq₁, lower leg, calf of the leg. WMP

*betiq₂   PMP *betiq₂, vulva, vagina. WMP CMP

*betu₁   PMP *betu, appear, come into view. WMP CMP;  POC *potu₁, appear, come into view. OC

*betu₂   PMP *betu₂, explode; explosion (as of a volcano). WMP CMP;  POC *botu, explode. OC;  PPh *pa-betu, make an exploding sound. WMP

*betuŋ₁   PAN *betuŋ₁, bamboo of very large diameter, probably Dendrocalamus sp.. Formosan WMP CMP;  POC *potuŋ, type of very large bamboo. OC

*betuŋ₂   PMP *betuŋ₂, boom. WMP CMP

*be(n)tur   PMP *be(n)tur, glutted, sated; swollen (of the belly). WMP CMP

*be(n)tuR   PMP *be(n)tuR, glutted, sated; swollen (of the belly). WMP CMP

*betus   PMP *betus, burst open, as an overfilled sack. WMP CMP

*bezak   PMP *bezak, step, tread, stamp on. WMP CMP


 

TOP      ba    be    bi    bo    bp    bu    bw    

bi

*bia   POC *bia, sandy soil (?). OC;  POC *bia-bia, limestone sediment (?). OC

*biaC   PAN *biaC, draw a bow to its full extent. Formosan;  PMP *biat, draw a bow to its full extent’. WMP

*biak   PWMP *biak, fruitful, prolific. WMP

*biaR₁   PMP *biaR₁, intestinal worm. WMP CMP

*biaR₂   PPh *biaR₂, satiated, full after eating. WMP

*bias   PWMP *bias, deflected off course. WMP

*bibi   PMP *bibi₁, bivalve mollusk sp., lucine clam. WMP;  POC *bibi₂, bivalve mollusk sp., lucine clam. OC

*bicak   PWMP *bicak, muddy. WMP

*bicik   PMP *bicik, splash, spatter, splatter. WMP;  POC *bisik, splash, spatter, splatter. OC

*biCuka   PAN *biCuka, stomach. Formosan;  PMP *bituka, stomach; large intestine. WMP CMP SHWNG

*bida   PWMP *bida, strike against. WMP

*bidak   PMP *bidak, open, of the eyes. WMP CMP

*bidaŋ   PWMP *bidaŋ, unit of measure for cloth, sails, etc.. WMP

*bidara   PWMP *bidara, a tree: Zizyphus jujuba. WMP

*bidibid   PWMP *bidibid, inter together, inter twine. WMP

*bidiŋ   PMP *bidiŋ, side, edge. WMP CMP;  POC *piriŋ₁, side, edge. OC;  PWMP *pa-bidiŋ, (gloss uncertain). WMP

*big(e)láq   PPh *big(e)láq, suddenly. WMP

*bihaR   PWMP *bihaR, captive, one taken alive in war; to spare, allow to live. WMP;  PPh *bihaR-en, allowed to live, given life; made allow. WMP;  PPh *ka-bihaR-an, (gloss uncertain). WMP;  PPh *ma-bihaR, live, be alive; be captive. WMP;  PPh *maŋ-bihaR, make alive, give life to. WMP

*bihed   PWMP *bihed, fish eggs, roe. WMP

*bijau   PPh *bijau, winnowing basket. WMP

*bika   PWMP *bika, potsherd. WMP

*bikad   PPH *bikad, to spread the legs. WMP

*bi(ŋ)kaŋ   PWMP *bi(ŋ)kaŋ, spread apart, as the legs. WMP

*bikaŋkaŋ   PWMP *bikaŋkaŋ, spread apart, as the legs, or an unbent fishhook. WMP

*bikaq₁   PMP *bikaq₁, open forcibly, force apart (as the eyelids with the fingers). WMP CMP

*bikaq₂   PMP *bikaq₂, split. WMP CMP

*bikas   PWMP *bikas, strong, vigorous, energetic. WMP;  PWMP *ma-bikas, strong, vigorous, energetic. WMP

*bikbik   PWMP *bikbik, sound of slapping, bubbling, etc.. WMP

*bik(e)laj   PPh *bik(e)laj, spread out, unfurl. WMP

*bik(e)lát   PPh *bik(e)lát, scar. WMP

*bikug   PWMP *bikug, curved, bent. WMP

*bikuq   PMP *bikuq, bend, curve. WMP CMP

*bikut   PMP *bikut, hunched over. WMP CMP

*bila₁   PMP *bila₁, calabash tree: Crescentia spp.. WMP CMP

*bila₂   POC *bila₂, lightning. OC

*bilaj   PMP *bilaj, spread out in the sun to dry. WMP;  POC *bilac, exposed to the sun. OC

*bilak₁   PMP *bilak₁, shine, glitter. WMP CMP;  POC *pilak₂, to flash, of lightning. OC

*bilak₂   POC *bilak₂, special talent. OC

*bilalaŋ   PWMP *bilalaŋ, grasshopper. WMP

*bilaŋ₁   PAN *bilaŋ₁, to count, calculate; hold valuable. Formosan WMP CMP;  PWMP *bilaŋ-bilaŋ, sticks or other markers used as aids in calculation. WMP;  PWMP *bilaŋ-an, number; total. WMP;  PWMP *bilaŋ-en, to count. WMP;  PWMP *i-bilaŋ, (gloss uncertain). WMP;  PWMP *ka-bilaŋ-an, total amount (?). WMP;  PPh *ma-bilaŋ, reckon, calculate, count. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-bilaŋ, reckon, calculate, count. WMP;  PWMP *maR-bilaŋ, (gloss uncertain). WMP;  PWMP *paŋ-bilaŋ, count. WMP

*bilaŋ₂   PPH *bilaŋ₂, supposing that; as if; to consider, treat as. WMP

*bilaq   PWMP *bilaq, part split off. WMP

*bilas   PPH *bilas, relationship between spouses of siblings. WMP

*bilat₁   PMP *bilat₁, open the eyes wide. WMP CMP;  POC *pilat₁, open the eyes wide. OC

*bilat₂   PMP *bilat₂, scar. WMP;  POC *pilat₂, scar. OC

*bileR   PMP *bileR, cataract of the eye. WMP;  POC *piloR, blind. OC

*bili   PMP *bili, value, price. WMP CMP;  POC *pili, value, price. OC

*bilik   PMP *bilik, room. WMP CMP

*bilikuŋ   PMP *bilikuŋ, bend, curve. WMP CMP

*bilin   PWMP *bilin, order, request, command; message; something left for another. WMP;  PPh *hi-bilín, order, request. WMP;  PPh *ma-bílin, separated, left behind. WMP;  PPh *maR-bilín, to order; leave a message. WMP

*biliN   PAN *biliN, to follow after someone, walk behind. Formosan

*biliŋ   PMP *biliŋ, turn, revolve. WMP;  POC *piliŋ, to roll. OC

*biliR   PWMP *biliR, cataract of the eye. WMP

*bilis   PWMP *bilis, small marine fish: sardine or anchovy. WMP

*bilit   PMP *bilit, intertwine (as strands in making rope). WMP;  POC *pilit, to intertwine, twist and turn. OC

*bilu₁   PPh *bilu₁, blackened. WMP

*bilu₂   PCMP *bilu₂, to wrap. CMP

*bilu-bilu   PMP *bilu-bilu, a large marine fish, the jackfish or trevally. WMP OC

*bilug   PWMP *bilug, type of boat, possibly dugout with outrigger. WMP

*biluk   PMP *biluk, to wind, curve, turn to the side; to tack, sail into the wind. WMP;  POC *piluk₂, curly, to curl. OC

*bilut   PWMP *bilut, crooked, bent. WMP

*bina   PCEMP *bina, shellfish sp.. CMP;  POC *pina, shellfish sp.. OC

*binam   POC *binam, a bird, the hornbill. OC

*binaŋa   PMP *binaŋa, mouth of a river, estuary. WMP;  PCEMP *naŋa₃, mouth of a river, estuary. CMP

*binaR   PMP *binaR, flash of light. WMP OC

*binat   PWMP *binat, stretch. WMP

*bineSiq   PAN *bineSiq, seed rice, rice set aside for the next planting. Formosan;  PMP *binehiq, seed rice, rice set aside for the next planting. WMP CMP;  PWMP *maŋ-binehiq, sow rice. WMP;  PWMP *paR-binehiq-an, seed-bed for rice. WMP

*binit   PMP *binit, to carry. WMP OC

*bintaŋ   PWMP *bintaŋ, tree sp.. WMP

*bintaŋuR   PWMP *bintaŋuR, a shore tree: Calophyllum inophyllum. WMP

*bintapu   PWMP *bintapu, kind of water fowl. WMP

*bintenu   PWMP *bintenu, tree sp.. WMP

*binti₁   PWMP *binti₁, kingfisher sp.. WMP

*binti₂   PWMP *binti₂, calf-kicking contest. WMP

*bintiŋ   PMP *bintiŋ, carry between two or more persons. WMP CMP

*bintiq   PMP *bintiq, calf-kicking contest. WMP CMP

*bintul   PWMP *bintul, kind of fish or crab trap. WMP

*bintur   PWMP *bintur, kind of fish or crab trap. WMP

*binu   POC *binu, fold over, fold up. OC

*binuaŋ   PWMP *binuaŋ, a tree with very light wood: Octomeles sp.. WMP

*binuŋa   PPh *binuŋa, a tree; Macaranga tanarius. WMP

*biNiC   PAN *biNiC, hold in the hand. Formosan;  PMP *binit₁, carry dangling from the fingertips. WMP CMP;  POC *binit₂, to carry. OC

*biŋaq   PMP *biŋaq, kind of volute shell. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *biŋa, shell. OC

*biŋaR   PWMP *biŋaR, kind of volute shell. WMP

*biŋát   PPh *biŋát, stretch open, dilate. WMP

*biŋbiŋ₁   PWMP *biŋbiŋ₁, carry in the hand. WMP

*biŋbiŋ₂   PWMP *biŋbiŋ₂, twist or tweak the ear. WMP

*biŋis   PMP *biŋis, bare the teeth. WMP CMP

*biŋit   PMP *biŋit, moody, irritable. WMP CMP

*biŋkal   PMP *biŋkal, lump or chunk of material. WMP CMP

*biŋkas   PMP *biŋkas, undo, untie, spring a trap. WMP CMP

*biŋkay   PWMP *biŋkay, rim used to fortify (as on a basket). WMP

*biŋkeluŋ   PWMP *biŋkeluŋ, curve, bend around. WMP

*biŋkis   PWMP *biŋkis, bind, tie together. WMP

*biŋkit   PPh *biŋkit, joined along the length. WMP

*biŋku   PMP *biŋku, coil, curve, bend, fold; to coil, to curve, to bend, to fold. WMP CMP

*biŋkudu   PWMP *biŋkudu, a tree: Morinda citrifolia. WMP

*biŋkuk   PMP *biŋkuk, curved, bent. WMP CMP;  POC *piŋkuk, curved, bent. OC

*biŋkuŋ   PMP *biŋkuŋ, implement with curved blade: adze; hammerhead shark. WMP CMP

*bio   POC *bio, type of shell, possibly nautilus. OC

*biqak   PMP *biqak, split. WMP CMP

*biqaŋ₁   PWMP *biqaŋ₂, crooked, out of alignment. WMP

*biqaŋ₂   PMP *biqaŋ₃, to split. WMP CMP

*biqas   PWMP *biqas, internode (of bamboo, sugarcane, etc.). WMP

*biqbiq₁   PWMP *biqbiq₁, broken bit of pottery, potsherd. WMP

*biqbiq₂   PWMP *biqbiq₂, sprinkle water on. WMP

*biqel   PAN *biqel, goiter. Formosan WMP

*biqiR   PAN *biqiR, off-, off- balance. Formosan WMP CMP

*biqit   PCMP *biqit, hold with the fingertips. CMP

*biquŋ   PWMP *biquŋ, curved, crooked, bent. WMP

*biqut   PAN *biqut, curved, crooked, bent. Formosan WMP

*biraŋ   PAN *biraŋ, anger, angry. Formosan WMP

*biras₁   PMP *biras₁, scar. WMP;  POC *piras, scar. OC

*biras₂   PWMP *biras₂, wife's sister's husband. WMP

*birat   PMP *birat, scar. WMP OC

*birbir₁   PMP *birbir₁, rim, edge, border. WMP CMP

*birbir₂   PAN *birbir₂, shiver, shake, tremble. Formosan WMP CMP

*biriC   PAN *biriC, to tear, rip. Formosan;  PMP *birit₁, to tear, rip. WMP

*biriŋ₁   PMP *biriŋ₁, side, edge. WMP CMP;  POC *piriŋ₂, side, edge. OC

*biriŋ₂   PCEMP *biriŋ₂, to stone, throw a stone at. CMP;  POC *piriŋ₃, to stone, throw a stone at. OC

*biris   PWMP *biris, slice. WMP

*birit   PMP *birit₂, buttocks. WMP

*biRaq₁   PAN *biRaq₁, wild taro, elephant's ear or itching taro, Alocasia spp.. Formosan;  PMP *biRaq₁, wild taro, elephant's ear or itching taro, Alocasia spp.; sexual itch. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *piRaq₂, wild taro, elephant-ear or itching taro, Alocasia spp.. OC

*biRaq₂   PMP *biRaq₂, semen, smegma. WMP;  POC *biRaq₃, semen, smegma, grease. OC

*biRas   PMP *biRas₁, semen, smegma. WMP;  POC *biRas₂, semen, smegma, grease. OC

*biRaS   PAN *biRaS, roe, fish eggs. Formosan;  POC *piRa₁, roe, eggs of fish or crustacean. OC

*biRaSu   PAN *biRaSu, cane grass, Miscanthus sp.. Formosan WMP

*biRaw   PWMP *biRaw, stunned by great noise. WMP

*biRaʔ   PWMP *biRaʔ, wild taro, elephant's ear or itching taro, Alocasia spp.. WMP

*biRbiR   PAN *biRbiR, lip. Formosan;  PMP *bibiR, lower lip. WMP CMP;  POC *pipiR, lip. OC

*biReŋ   PMP *biReŋ, dark hue, possibly dark red. WMP CMP

*biR(e)tiŋ   PWMP *biR(e)tiŋ, pinch together; tongs, etc. for pinching things together. WMP

*biRiŋ₁   PMP *biRiŋ₁, dark hue, possibly dark red. WMP;  POC *piRiŋ, dark hue, possibly dark red. OC

*biRiŋ₂   PWMP *biRiŋ₂, running sore. WMP;  PWMP *biRiŋ-en, have a running sore. WMP

*biRu   PMP *biRu, fan palm: Licuala Rumphii. WMP CMP;  POC *piRu, fan palm: Licuala Rumphii. OC

*biRuaŋ   PWMP *biRuaŋ, the Malayan honey bear: Ursus malayanus. WMP

*bisbis   PMP *bisbis, sprinkle water on something. WMP;  POC *pipis₁, sprinkle water on something. OC

*biseq   PMP *biseq, wet; wash the anus after defecating. WMP CMP

*biseqak   PMP *biseqak, to split. WMP;  PCEMP *bisak, to split. CMP;  POC *pisak₁, to split. OC

*bisíbis   PPh *bisíbis, sprinkle water on something. WMP

*bisik₁   PCEMP *bisik₁, to peel. CMP;  POC *pisik₂, to peel. OC

*bisik₂   PSHWNG *bisik₂, sick; illness. SHWNG

*bisik₃   PWMP *bisik₃, whisper. WMP;  PWMP *bisik bisik, whisper. WMP

*bisul   PMP *bisul, boil, abscess. WMP CMP SHWNG

*bisuR   PAN *bisuR, satisfied from having eaten enough, satiated. Formosan WMP

*bitaD   PWMP *bitaD, unfold, spread out. WMP

*bitak₁   PMP *bitak₁, break, split. WMP CMP;  POC *pidak, break, split. OC

*bitak₂   PCEMP *bitak₂, mud. CMP OC

*bitaquR   PMP *bitaquR, a shore tree: Calophyllum inophyllum. WMP CMP;  POC *pitaquR, a shore tree: Calophyllum inophyllum. OC

*bitaqus   PWMP *bitaqus, a plant: Wrightia spp.. WMP

*bitas   PMP *bitas, tear, rip. WMP CMP

*bítay   PPh *bítay, hang. WMP;  PPh *maŋ-bítay, to hang someone. WMP;  PPh *bitay-en, be hung, suspended. WMP

*bitbit   PAN *bitbit₁, pull at some part of the body. Formosan;  PMP *bitbit₂, pull at body part; hold something dangling from the fingers. WMP CMP;  PWMP *maŋ-bitbit, pick up or carry dangling from the fingers. WMP;  PWMP *maR-bitbit, pick up or carry dangling from the fingers. WMP;  PWMP *bitbit-en, be picked up or carried dangling from the fingers. WMP

*bitek   PPh *bitek, intestinal worm. WMP

*bities   PMP *bities, lower leg (below the knee); calf of the leg. WMP CMP SHWNG

*bitik₁   PMP *bitik₁, snare, noose trap; spring up suddenly, jerk up (as a fishing line or noose trap). WMP CMP;  POC *pintik, snare, noose trap; spring up suddenly, jerk up (as a fishing line or noose trap). OC;  POC *pitik-pitik, jump repeatedly; knock or fillip repeatedly. OC

*bitik₂   PCEMP *bitik₂, lightning. CMP;  POC *pitik₂, lightning. OC

*bitil₁   PMP *bitil₁, hungry; starve. WMP SHWNG

*bitil₂   PCMP *bitil₂, pinch. CMP

*bítin   PPh *bítin, hang, suspend. WMP;  PPh *bítin-bítin, hang, suspend. WMP

*bitiq   PMP *bitiq₁, small; few. WMP;  POC *bitiq₂, small; few. OC

*bito   POC *bito, navel. OC

*bitu   PCEMP *bitu, sword grass: Imperata cylindrica. CMP;  POC *pitu₂, sword grass: Imperata cylindrica. OC

*bítu   PPh *bítu, pit, hole; well; waterhole. WMP

*bituk   PWMP *bituk, intestinal worm. WMP;  PWMP *bituk-en, be afflicted with intestinal worms. WMP

*bitul   PWMP *bitul, boil, abscess. WMP

*bituŋ   PMP *bituŋ₁, bamboo sp.. WMP;  POC *bituŋ₂, bamboo sp.. OC

*bituqen   PAN *bituqen, star. Formosan WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *pituqun, star. OC;  PMP *bituqen pitu, the Pleiades (= 'seven stars'). WMP CMP

*bituqin   PMP *bituqin, star. WMP;  POC *pituqin, star. OC

*biu   PPh *biu, tree sp.. WMP


 

TOP      ba    be    bi    bo    bp    bu    bw    

bo

*bobo   POC *bobo₁, foolish; a fool. OC

*boi₁   POC *boi₁, divide, share; portion (as of food). OC

*boi₂   POC *boi₂, smell, odor. OC

*boi₃   POC *boi₃, to call, summon. OC

*bolo bolo   POC *bolo bolo, small dark surgeonfish, possibly Ctenochaetus. OC

*bona₁   POC *bona₁, smell, odor, scent. OC

*bona₂   POC *bona₂, pigeon sp.. OC

*bonot   POC *bonot, closed, dammed up. OC

*boñu   POC *boñu, hidden from view. OC

*boŋa   POC *boŋa, speak sharply or in anger. OC

*boto   POC *boto, short. OC


 

TOP      ba    be    bi    bo    bp    bu    bw    

bp

*(bp)una   POC *(bp)una, plant used as fish poison. OC


 

TOP      ba    be    bi    bo    bp    bu    bw    

bu

*bua bua   POC *bua bua, species of climber used for decorative purposes. OC

*bua₁   PAN *bua₁, foam, bubbles, froth. Formosan;  POC *bua, foam, bubbles, froth. OC

*bua₂   PCEMP *bua₂, only, just. CMP;  POC *pua₁, only. OC

*bua₃   POC *bua₃, flower, blossom. OC

*buag   PWMP *buag, bubbling up (as spring water). WMP

*buág   PPh *buág, uproot a tree. WMP

*buak   PAN *buak, bubbling up (as spring water). Formosan WMP;  PWMP *buak-an, fresh-water spring. WMP

*bual   PAN *bual₁, spring, source of fresh water. Formosan;  PMP *bual₂, gush or bubble up, of spring water. WMP

*buál   PPh *buál, uproot a tree. WMP;  PPh *ma-buál, uproot. WMP

*bual bual   POC *bual bual, species of palm used for making spears and bows; palm-wood spear or bow. OC

*buaq   PAN *buaq, fruit. Formosan;  PMP *buaq, fruit; areca palm and nut; grain; berry; seed; nut; endosperm of a sprouting coconut; kidney; heart; finger; calf of the leg; testicle; various insects; scar tissue; roe; bud; flower; blossom; bear fruit; words, speech, or songs; meaning, contents of discussion; numeral classifier for roundish objects; buttock; Adam's apple; nipple of the breast; button; marble; tattooing. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *puaq, fruit; seed; blossom; egg; nut; testicle; numeral classifier for roundish objects; to fruit, bear fruit; show first signs of pregnancy; to swell, of the sea. OC;  POC *buaq, areca nut and palm; heart. OC;  PMP *ma-buaq, bear fruit; fruitful, filled with fruit. WMP CMP;  PWMP *maŋ-buaq, bear fruit. WMP;  PAN *maR-buaq, bear fruit. Formosan WMP;  PWMP *paŋ-buaq, (gloss uncertain). WMP;  PMP *sa-buaq, one (unit). WMP CMP;  PMP *buaq na batu, round stone (?). WMP OC;  PMP *buaq ni bities, calf of the leg. WMP CMP OC;  PMP *buaq ni kahiw, fruit (of a tree). WMP CMP;  POC *puaq ni kayu, fruit (of a tree). OC;  PMP *buaq ni lima, finger (lit. ' fruit of the hand'). WMP CMP;  PWMP *buaq pajay, (gloss uncertain). WMP;  PWMP *buaq qatay, term of endearment. WMP;  PMP *buaq buaq, (gloss uncertain). WMP CMP;  POC *puaq puaq, bearing fruit, fruitful. OC

*buas   PWMP *buas, wild, ferocious. WMP

*buás   PPh *buás, tomorrow. WMP

*buat buat   PWMP *buat buat, gossip, slander. WMP

*buat₁   PMP *buat₁, harvest fruits. WMP;  POC *puat₁, harvest fruits. OC;  POC *puat-an₁, crop, load of fruit. OC

*buat₂   PMP *buat₂, like, similar to, resemble. WMP CMP

*buay₁   PMP *buay₁, legumes, beans. WMP CMP

*buay₂   PAN *buay₂, (gloss uncertain). Formosan WMP

*bubu₁   POC *bubu₁, a constellation: The Southern Cross. OC

*bubu₂   PAN *bubu₂, conical bamboo basket trap for fish. Formosan WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *pupu₂, conical bamboo basket trap for fish. OC;  PWMP *maŋ-bubu, to fish with a wickerwork basket trap. WMP

*bubu₃   POC *bubu₃, plant used for perfuming the body. OC

*bubu₄   PMP *bubu₄, fontanelle. WMP CMP

*bubu₅   POC *bubu₅, rub on. OC

*bubu₆   PAN *bubu₆, grandparent/. Formosan WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *bubu₆, grandparent/. OC

*bubu₇   POC *bubu₇, trigger fish: Balistes sp.. OC

*bubu₈   PCEMP *bubu₉, sing; song. CMP;  POC *bubu₈, sing; song. OC

*bubud   PWMP *bubud, sprinkle seed, sow seed in dibble holes. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-bubud, plant seed by sprinkling in dibble holes. WMP

*bubul   PWMP *bubul, yaws. WMP

*bu-bulu   PMP *bu-bulu, betel pepper: Piper betle. WMP;  POC *pu-pulu, betel pepper: Piper betle. OC

*bubun   PMP *bubun₁, well, cistern; spring. WMP CMP

*bubuni   POC *bubuni, smear, paint over. OC

*bubuŋ₁   PMP *bubuŋ₁, ridge of the roof; ridge of a mountain, peak; deck of a boat; cover the ridgepole with thatch. WMP CMP;  PMP *bubuŋ-an, roof; ridge of the roof. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *pupuŋan, ridge of the roof. OC;  PMP *bubuŋ-en, roof; ridge of the roof. WMP CMP;  PWMP *b<in>ubuŋ-an, ridge. WMP

*bubuŋ₂   PMP *bubuŋ₂, well, cistern; spring. WMP CMP

*bubuq   PMP *bubuq, increase, growth. WMP CMP

*buburu   POC *buburu, grass; grow densely, as grass. OC

*bubuR₁   PAN *bubuR₁, jellyfish. Formosan WMP CMP

*bubuR₂   POC *bubuR₂, drive pigs into a net. OC

*bubuR₃   PMP *bubuR₃, a tall forest tree which emits an unpleasant odor: Sterculia foetida. WMP CMP

*bucek   PWMP *bucek, rotten, spoilt. WMP

*buCa   PAN *buCa, mote in the eye; blind; blindness. Formosan;  PMP *buta₁, mote in the eye; blind; blindness. WMP;  PCEMP *buta₂, blind; blindness. CMP;  POC *buta₃, affliction of the eyes. OC;  PWMP *buta buta₁, somewhat blind; feign blindness. WMP;  PAN *buCa-en maCa, get a mote in the eye. Formosan;  PMP *buta-en mata, get a mote in the eye. WMP;  PWMP *ka-buta, blind. WMP;  PAN *ma-buCa, blind. Formosan CMP;  PMP *ma-buta, blind. WMP;  PPh *maka-buta, become blind. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-buta, to blind. WMP

*buCaq   PAN *buCaq, foam, froth. Formosan CMP

*buCbuC   PAN *buCbuC, pull up (as weeds), pluck (as feathers). Formosan;  PMP *butbut₂, pull up (as weeds), pluck (as feathers). WMP;  POC *puput, pluck (as fruit), strip off (as leaves). OC;  PPh *butbut-en, pull. WMP;  PMP *butbut-i, pull out, uproot, pluck. WMP CMP;  POC *puput-i, pull out, uproot (as plants); pluck (as hair or feathers). OC;  PWMP *ka-butbut-an, molting, losing hair or feathers. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-butbut, to pluck, pull out, uproot. WMP

*buCu   PAN *buCu, callus, corn; blister. Formosan;  PMP *butu₁, callus, corn; blister. WMP

*buCuq   PAN *buCuq, testicles. Formosan;  PMP *butuq, testicles of animals; castrate animals. WMP CMP;  POC *putuq, testicles; scrotum. OC

*budaq₁   PMP *budaq₁, foam, bubbles, lather, scum, froth. WMP;  PCEMP *budaq₄, foam, bubbles, lather, scum, froth; bubble up. CMP;  POC *buraq, foam, bubbles; bubble up. OC;  POC *puraq puraq, foam, bubbles; bubble up. OC

*budaq₂   PMP *budaq₂, immerse, dip in water. WMP;  POC *puraq₂, immerse, dip in water. OC

*budaq₃   PMP *budaq₃, unnaturally white; albino. WMP CMP;  POC *puraq₁, unnaturally white; albino. OC

*budbud₁   PMP *budbud₁, sprinkle seed, sow seed in dibble holes. WMP CMP

*budbud₂   PPH *budbud₂, powdery substance. WMP

*budeq   PCEMP *budeq, sponge. CMP;  POC *puro₁, sponge. OC

*budiŋ   PWMP *budiŋ, charcoal, carbon, soot. WMP

*budu   PMP *budu, tip, extremity. WMP CMP

*buduk   PWMP *buduk, sores on the scalp; ' cradle cap'. WMP

*budul   PWMP *budul, dull, blunt. WMP

*buga   PWMP *buga, kind of edible tuber. WMP

*búgaq   PPh *búgaq, pumice. WMP

*bugar   PWMP *bugar, break up. WMP

*bugbug   PWMP *bugbug, knock against, collide with, beat up. WMP;  PPH *bugbug-en, to hit with the fist, beat up. WMP

*bug(e)ris   PPh *bug(e)ris, flow through a small opening, of rushing water. WMP

*bug(e)suk   PPH *bug(e)suk, a steep descent. WMP

*bug(e)túŋ   PPh *bug(e)túŋ, alone, single. WMP

*bugis   PWMP *bugis, disease which produces scaly skin: ichthyosis. WMP

*buhaŋ   PAN *buhaŋ, hole, pit. Formosan WMP

*buhaŋin   PWMP *buhaŋin, sandbank, sand spit, shoal. WMP

*buhat₁   PWMP *buhat₁, ceremony at planting to insure the well-being of the crops. WMP

*buhat₂   PMP *buhat₂, do, make, create, perform; to work; to wager: deed; thing; creation; behavior, conduct, performance; work; a bet; because, on account of, through the action of; need, use for something; necessary; for (benefactive). WMP CMP;  POC *buat, make, create, invent. OC;  POC *puat₃, for the purpose of; in order to. OC;  PWMP *b<in>uhat-an, do. WMP;  PMP *buhat-an₂, create. WMP;  POC *buat-an, create. OC;  PWMP *ka-buhat, do, bring about, change some thing. WMP;  PWMP *maR-buhat, make, do, perform. WMP;  PWMP *paR-buhat-an, deed, action, performance. WMP;  PWMP *paR-buhat-en, create. WMP;  PWMP *buhat apa, why, for what reason. WMP

*buhat₃   PMP *buhat₃, to lift, stand up, arise, emerge, begin, depart, carry; cargo; take something; take a wife. WMP CMP;  POC *puat₂, lift, carry, bring; emerge, appear, begin; take a spouse. OC;  PMP *buhat-an₁, lifted, carried. WMP;  POC *puat-an₂, lift, carry. OC;  PWMP *buhat-en, lifted, carried. WMP

*buhet   PAN *buhet, squirrel. Formosan WMP

*buhís   PWMP *buhis, tribute. WMP;  PPh *buhis-an, one to whom tribute is paid. WMP

*buhus   PWMP *buhus, pour out, of liquids. WMP

*bui₁   PWMP *bui₁, a breeze, soft wind. WMP

*bui₂   PCMP *bui₂, necklace. CMP

*bui₃   PMP *bui₃, a swing; to swing. WMP;  POC *pui₂, turn over, rock back and forth, swing. OC;  PMP *bui bui, a swing; to swing. WMP;  POC *pui pui, turn over, rock back and forth, swing. OC

*buis   PMP *buis, pull back and forth. WMP;  POC *puis, back and forth movement. OC

*bujak   PWMP *bujak, flower. WMP

*bujas   PPh *bujas, pluck, as fruit. WMP;  PPh *maŋ-bujas, to pluck, as fruit. WMP

*bujbuj   PWMP *bujbuj, pour, sprinkle. WMP

*bujeq   PAN *bujeq₁, foam, bubbles, lather, scum, froth. Formosan;  PMP *bujeq₂, foam, bubbles, lather, scum, froth; to foam, to bubble; foam at the mouth; fond of talking; type of white bead. WMP CMP;  POC *pucoq pucoq, foam, bubbles; foaming, bubbling. OC;  PMP *ma-bujeq, foam. WMP CMP;  PWMP *maŋ-bujeq, to foam, to bubble. WMP;  PWMP *pa-bujeq, to foam, to bubble. WMP;  PMP *bujeq ni wahiR, foam on the surface of water. WMP CMP

*bujiq   PPh *bujiq, fish eggs, roe. WMP

*buk   PMP *buk, sound of a dull thud. WMP CMP;  POC *puk₁, sound of a dull thud. OC

*buka   PMP *buka, to open, uncover, expose. WMP CMP;  POC *puke, to open, uncover. OC;  PWMP *buka-en, open. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-buka, to open. WMP

*bukal   PMP *bukal₁, bubble up, as spring water. WMP;  POC *bukal₂, bubble up, as spring water. OC;  PWMP *bukal bukal, bubbling up, as spring water. WMP

*bukaŋkaŋ   PWMP *bukaŋkaŋ, spread apart, as the legs or an unbent fishhook. WMP

*bukaq   PWMP *bukaq, open, untie. WMP

*bukas   PAN *bukas, release, undo. Formosan;  PMP *bu(ŋ)kas, to open, uncover. WMP CMP

*bukaw   PWMP *bukaw, owl sp., bird of bad omen. WMP

*bukaʔ   PWMP *bukaʔ, to open, uncover. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-bukaʔ, to open, uncover. WMP

*bukbuk₁   PMP *bukbuk₁, bubbling, boiling. WMP CMP

*bukbuk₂   PMP *bukbuk₂, hit, pound, beat. WMP CMP;  POC *pupuk₁, pound. OC

*bukbuk₃   PMP *bukbuk₃, weevil that infests wood, bamboo, and rice; dust produced by the boring of this insect; tooth decay, dental caries. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *pupuk₂, insect that infests wood and bamboo; dust produced by the boring of this insect. OC;  PWMP *maŋ-bukbuk, crush to powder. WMP;  PPh *b<in>ukbuk, worm-eaten. WMP;  PMP *bukbuk-an, attacked by wood worms. WMP OC;  PWMP *bukbuk-en, infested with wood-boring insects. WMP;  PPh *ma-bukbuk, infested with wood-boring insects. WMP

*bukbuk₄   PPH *bukbuk₄, to pour out (possibly only solids). WMP;  PPH *i-bukbuk, to pour out contents (of solids?). WMP

*bukel   PWMP *bukel, lump, swelling; seed. WMP

*buk(e)lad   PPh *buk(e)lad, unfold, open up, blossom. WMP

*buken   PWMP *buken₁, negator of nominals. WMP

*buken (X + buken)   PWMP *buken₂, omen dove. WMP

*buk(e)núl   PPh *buk(e)núl, knot, lump. WMP

*bukeS   PAN *bukeS, head hair. Formosan;  PMP *buhek, head hair. WMP;  PCEMP *buek, head hair. CMP;  PWMP *buhek-en, hair. WMP;  PWMP *buhek buhek-an, false hair. WMP;  PWMP *ma-buhek, hair. WMP

*buket   PMP *buket, thick, viscous. WMP CMP

*buk(e)tút   PPh *buk(e)tút, bulge, as the belly of a pregnant woman, a hunchback. WMP

*bukij   PAN *bukij, mountain; forested inland mountain areas. Formosan WMP;  PWMP *bukij-an, place in the mountains. WMP;  PPh *ka-bukij-an, area of forested mountains. WMP

*buku   PMP *buku, node (as in bamboo or sugarcane); joint; knuckle; knot in wood; knot in string or rope. WMP;  PCEMP *buku, node (as in bamboo or sugarcane); joint; knuckle; knot in wood; knot in string or rope; Mons veneris. CMP;  POC *buku, node (as in bamboo or sugarcane); joint; knuckle; knot in wood; knot in string or rope; Mons veneris. OC;  PMP *buku-an, have joints. WMP;  POC *buku-an, have joints, have protuberances. OC;  PPh *ma-buku, knotty, full of knots or knots. WMP;  PMP *buku lali, ankle. WMP CMP;  PCEMP *buku ni lima, wrist bone. CMP;  POC *buku ni lima, wrist bone. OC;  PCEMP *buku ni qaqay, ankle bone. CMP;  POC *buku ni waqay, ankle bone. OC;  PWMP *sa-ŋa-buku, one joint or node (as of bamboo or sugarcane). WMP;  PMP *buku buku, joints, nodes. WMP CMP;  POC *buku-buku, node, joint; knuckle; swelling under the skin. OC

*bukuN   PAN *bukuN, back (anat.). Formosan

*bu(ŋ)kuq   PMP *bu(ŋ)kuq, bend, bent, bowed. WMP CMP

*bukut   PMP *bukut, hunchback. WMP CMP

*bula₁   POC *bula₁, kindle, light a fire, set ablaze. OC

*bula₂   PAN *bula₂, to give. Formosan

*bulág   PPh *bulág, cataract of the eye; hazy or blurred vision. WMP

*bulalak   PWMP *bulalak, stare, look at with fixed expression. WMP

*bulalákaw₁   PPh *bulalákaw₁, spoiled coconut. WMP

*bulalákaw₂   PPh *bulalákaw₂, shooting star, meteor; spirit of the shooting star. WMP

*bulan₁   PMP *bulan₁, kind of shellfish; eye of cateye shell. WMP CMP;  POC *pulan₁, kind of shellfish. OC

*bulan₂   PMP *bulan₂, unnaturally white, albino. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *pulan₂, unnaturally white, albino. OC

*bulan-bulan   PMP *bulan-bulan₁, a white fish, the tarpon: Megalops cyprinoides. WMP CMP;  POC *pu-pulan, a white fish, the tarpon: Megalops cyprinoides. OC

*bulaN   PAN *bulaN, moon, month; menstruation. Formosan;  PMP *bulan₃, moon, month; menstruation; shell disk collar piece. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *pulan₃, moon, month. OC;  PWMP *bulan-an, month. WMP;  PWMP *bulan-en, affected by the moon, mentally or emotionally unstable. WMP;  PWMP *bulan bulan-en, affected by the moon, mentally or emotionally unstable. WMP;  PWMP *b<um>ulan, moon. WMP;  PPh *ka-bulan-an, month of expected childbirth (?). WMP;  PWMP *sakit bulan, menses, menstruation. WMP;  PWMP *sa-ŋa-bulan, one month (in duration). WMP;  PMP *bulan-bulan₂, each month, every month, monthly; for months. WMP CMP;  PMP *bulan matay, new moon, eclipse (lit. 'dead moon'). WMP CMP;  POC *mate ni pulan, (gloss uncertain). OC

*bulaŋ   PWMP *bulaŋ, artificial cockspur; bind on an artificial cockspur. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-bulaŋ, tie an artificial spur to the leg of a fighting cock. WMP;  PWMP *paŋ-bulaŋ, fighting cock (?). WMP

*bulaR₁   PAN *bulaR₁, cataract of the eye; hazy or blurred vision. Formosan WMP;  POC *pulaR₂, cataract of the eye; hazy or blurred vision. OC

*bulaR₂   PMP *bulaR₂, unnaturally white, albino. WMP CMP;  POC *pulaR₁, unnaturally white, albino. OC

*bulat   PMP *bulat₁, open the eyes wide, stare with round eyes. WMP CMP;  POC *bulat₂, open the eyes wide, stare with round eyes. OC;  PWMP *maŋ-bulat, open the eyes wide, stare with round eyes. WMP

*bulati   PMP *bulati, roundworm, ascaris, intestinal worm; also earthworm?. WMP CMP

*bulaw   PAN *bulaw, golden colored. WMP;  PAN *bulaw-an, gold. Formosan WMP CMP SHWNG

*bulbúl   PPh *bulbúl, body hair, feathers. WMP;  PPh *hi-bulbul, remove hair or feathers. WMP;  PPh *ma-bulbul, hair. WMP

*bulbul   PAN *bulbul, dust, pulverized stone. Formosan WMP

*buled₁   PAN *buled₁, mountain. Formosan;  PMP *bulud₃, mountain. WMP;  PPh *bulud-an, mountain. WMP;  PPh *ka-bulud-an, mountain. WMP

*buled₂   PWMP *buled₂, round, spherical; rounded. WMP

*bul(e)díŋ   PPh *bul(e)díŋ, blind in one eye. WMP

*buleheR   PWMP *buleheR, cataract of the eye; hazy or blurred vision. WMP

*buleŋ   PWMP *buleŋ, alone, lonely. WMP

*buli-   PAN *buli-, prefix of the *qali, *kali- series. Formosan WMP

*buli buli   POC *buli buli, fish sp.. OC

*bulig   PWMP *bulig, carry on a pole between two persons; help someone carry a load. WMP;  PPh *bulig-an, carry on a pole between two persons; help someone carry a load. WMP;  PPh *maR-búlig, help someone carry a load. WMP

*bulilik   PAN *bulilik, lizard sp.. Formosan WMP

*bulilít   PPh *bulilít, dwarfish, small (of people). WMP

*bulínaw   PPh *bulínaw, anchovy: Stolephorus spp.. WMP

*buliq₁   PMP *buliq₁, cowrie shell: Cypraea mauritiana. WMP CMP;  POC *buliq₁, cowrie shell: Cypraea mauritiana. OC

*buliq₂   PMP *buliq₂, rectum, anus, buttocks. WMP CMP

*buliR   PMP *buliR, (entire) stalk of bananas; ear of grain. WMP CMP;  POC *puliR, bunch, cluster of fruit. OC;  PMP *sa buliR, one stem, one stalk. WMP

*bulit   PMP *bulit₁, caulk, fill up a hole or crack with viscous material. WMP;  POC *bulit₂, caulk, fill up a hole or crack with viscous material. OC;  PWMP *bulit-en, caulk, fill up a hole or crack with viscous material. WMP

*bulos   POC *bulos, turn around, turn back. OC;  POC *ta-bulos, turn around, turn back. OC

*bu(lR)i   POC *bu(lR)i, to roll on the ground, wallow. OC

*bulu₁   PMP *bulu₁, body hair; fur; feather; down; floss on plant stems; color; type, kind. WMP CMP;  PCEMP *bulu₁, body hair; fur; feather; down; antenna of insect or crustacean; spikes of sea urchin; floss on plant skins, color; type, kind. CMP SHWNG;  POC *pulu₃, body hair, fur, feathers, floss on plants. OC;  PWMP *bulu-an, hair. WMP;  POC *pulu-an, (gloss uncertain). OC;  PWMP *bulu-en, hair. WMP;  PMP *bulu-n, hair of, fur of. WMP CMP;  PMP *bulu ni mata, eyelash. WMP CMP;  POC *pulu qi mata, eyelash. OC;  PWMP *ma-bulu, hair. WMP;  PMP *bulu bulu, hair. WMP;  POC *pulu pulu, hair. OC;  PMP *bulu ni babuy, pig bristles; type of sea urchin with thin black spines. WMP CMP OC;  PMP *bulu ni manuk, chicken feathers. WMP CMP;  POC *pulu ni manuk, feathers. OC;  PMP *qulej bulu-an, hair. WMP CMP

*bulu₂   PMP *bulu₂, wash the hands. WMP;  POC *pulu₂, wash the hands. OC

*bulud₁   PPh *bulud₁, borrow, lend. WMP;  PPh *bulud-en, borrow. WMP;  PPh *ipa-bulud, lend. WMP;  PPh *pa-bulud, lend. WMP

*bulud₂   PWMP *bulud₂, mountain. WMP

*buluN   PAN *buluN, companion. Formosan;  PMP *bulun, companion. WMP

*buluŋ₁   PMP *buluŋ₁, dark bluish-, bluish- black. WMP CMP;  POC *buluŋ₃, dark green, dark blue. OC

*buluŋ₂   PMP *buluŋ₂, medicinal herbs. WMP CMP;  PWMP *buluŋ buluŋ, all kinds of medicinal herbs. WMP

*buluq₁   PMP *buluq₁, a constellation: the Pleiades. WMP;  POC *puluq₂, a constellation: the Pleiades. OC

*buluq₂   PAN *buluq₂, type of slender bamboo; Schizostachyum spp.. Formosan WMP CMP SHWNG OC

*bulus   PWMP *bulus, current. WMP;  PWMP *bulus-an, current. WMP;  PPh *maR-búlus, to flow. WMP

*bulut   PMP *bulut₁, hairy filaments of certain plants, husk. WMP;  POC *bulut₂, hairy filaments of certain plants, husk. OC

*buna   PMP *buna, bat fish: Platax spp.. WMP;  POC *buna, fish sp.. OC

*bunabun   PAN *bunabun, rice seedling. Formosan;  PMP *bunubun, rice seedling. WMP

*bunaj   PAN *bunaj, sand. Formosan

*bunal   PPh *bunal, beat up, bruise someone. WMP

*bunaR   PMP *bunaR, batfish: Platax spp.. WMP OC

*bunat   PMP *bunat, a plant used to stun fish: Derris elliptica. WMP;  POC *punat, a plant used to stun fish: Derris elliptica. OC

*bunbun   PMP *bunbun, fill a hole with earth; cover something with a heap of earth. WMP CMP;  PWMP *bunbun-an₂, cover with a heap of earth, etc.; a heap of earth, etc.. WMP

*bundak   PWMP *bundak, fall with a bang. WMP

*bunduk   PMP *bunduk, elevated ground. WMP CMP

*buni₁   PWMP *buni₂, invisible nature spirit. WMP

*buniag   PPh *buniag, baptism. WMP

*buntal   PMP *buntal, puffer fish sp.. WMP;  POC *puntal, puffer fish sp.. OC

*buntan   PWMP *buntan, ripe coconut. WMP

*buntaŋ   PMP *buntaŋ, break through, of water. WMP CMP

*bunter   PMP *bunter, distended, inflated (of the belly). WMP CMP

*bunteR   PMP *bunteR, round. WMP CMP

*buntil   PWMP *buntil, knapsack, bag used when on journeys. WMP

*buntit   PWMP *buntit, distended abdomen. WMP

*buntu₂   PMP *buntu, small hill, knoll. WMP CMP;  POC *puntu, small hill, knoll. OC;  PMP *buntu buntu, small hill, knoll. WMP OC

*buntuD   PWMP *buntuD, swollen, distended, of the belly. WMP

*buntud   PMP *buntud, small hill, knoll. WMP;  POC *putur, small hill, knoll. OC

*buntul   PMP *buntul, small hill, knoll. WMP;  POC *putul₁, small hill, knoll. OC;  PMP *buntul buntul, small hill, knoll. WMP;  POC *putul putul, small hill, knoll. OC

*buntuR   PWMP *buntuR, bloated, swollen. WMP

*buntut   PMP *buntut₁, rear end of a chicken. WMP CMP;  POC *buntut₂, rear end of an animal. OC

*buntuʔ   PMP *buntuʔ, bloated, swollen (of the belly). WMP CMP

*bunuj   PPh *bunuj, mushroom sp.. WMP

*bunuŋ   PPH *bunuŋ, to distribute, pass out shares (as of food). WMP

*búnuR   PPH *búnuR, generic for small fish such as gobies. WMP

*bunuR₁   PAN *bunuR₁, to swell; swollen. Formosan;  PAN *ma-bunuR, to swell; swollen. Formosan

*bunuR₂   PWMP *bunuR₂, fish sp.. WMP

*bunuS   PAN *bunuS, machete. Formosan

*búnut   PPH *búnut, pulling out, uprooting. WMP;  PPH *bunút-en, to pull out, uproot. WMP

*bunut₁   PMP *bunut₁, coconut husk, coir. WMP CMP;  POC *bunut₁, coconut husk, coir. OC;  PPh *bunut-an, remove coconut husk; scrub with coconut husk. WMP;  PPh *bunut-en, be fibrous. WMP;  PPh *bunut-i, husk it!. WMP;  PPh *maŋ-bunut, remove coconut husk; scrub with coconut husk. WMP

*bunut₂   PWMP *bunut₂, a tree: Ficus sp.. WMP

*bunwít   PPh *bunwít, fishhook. WMP

*buNbuN   PAN *buNbuN, fontanelle; crown of the head. Formosan;  PMP *bubun₂, fontanelle; crown of the head. WMP CMP;  PWMP *bubun bubun, fontanelle. WMP;  PWMP *bunbun-an₁, fontanelle. WMP

*buNi   PAN *buNi, to hide, conceal. Formosan;  PMP *buni₁, hide, conceal. WMP CMP;  POC *puni₂, hide, conceal. OC;  PWMP *maŋ-buni, to hide, conceal. WMP;  PWMP *paŋ-buni, that which is hidden or kept secret. WMP;  PWMP *b<in>uni, secret; hidden. WMP;  PWMP *buni-an, be hidden (?). WMP;  PMP *buni-buni, be secretive. WMP;  POC *puni-puni, be secretive. OC

*buNuq₁   PAN *buNuq₁, a constellation: the Pleiades. Formosan;  PCEMP *bunuq₁, a constellation: the Pleiades. CMP;  POC *punuq₂, a constellation: the Pleiades. OC

*buNuq₂   PAN *buNuq₂, throw at, hit with a projectile. Formosan;  PMP *bunuq₂, throw at, hit, strike with a sharp object; kill; extinguish (a fire). WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *punuq₃, strike, beat; pierce; kill; extinguish (a fire). OC;  POC *punuq-a, strike, beat; kill. OC;  POC *punuq-i, strike, beat; kill. OC;  PWMP *b<in>unuq, was killed; the one that was killed. WMP;  PWMP *bunuq-an₁, place of killing or slaughtering. WMP;  PWMP *bunuq-an₂, last compartment in a fishtrap, place where fish are caught. WMP;  PWMP *bunuq-en, be killed; one that is killed. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-bunuq, to kill. WMP;  PWMP *maR-bunuq, stab, pierce, kill. WMP;  PMP *pa-bunuq, killer, one who kills. WMP SHWNG;  PWMP *paŋ-bunuq, murderer. WMP

*buñi   PMP *buñi, noise, sound. WMP

*buŋ   PMP *buŋ, deep resounding sound. WMP CMP SHWNG

*buŋa   PAN *buŋa, flower, blossom. Formosan;  PMP *buŋa, flower, blossom; to flower, bear flowers; yield a benefit (as interest on a loan); first-born child; cotton; vulva (refined or evasive), skin rash, prickly heat; speckled (of fish); kidneys. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *puŋa₁, flower, blossom. OC;  PWMP *buŋa-i, strew with flowers, put flowers on. WMP;  PWMP *ma-buŋa, bearing fruit. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-buŋa, to flower, produce fruit. WMP;  PWMP *maR-buŋa, bear fruit. WMP;  PPh *paŋ-búŋa, produce fruit; produce results. WMP;  PMP *buŋa na batu, coral sponge. WMP CMP;  POC *buŋa₃, kind of porous, white, round and flat coral growth. OC;  PMP *buŋa ni hapuy, sparks from a fire. WMP CMP;  PMP *buŋa na kahiw, blossom of a fruit tree. WMP CMP

*buŋaŋ   PMP *buŋaŋ, flower, blossom. WMP CMP

*buŋáŋaq   PPh *buŋáŋaq, open the mouth wide. WMP

*buŋaR   PWMP *buŋaR, first of anything; first fruits; prime, new, untainted, virgin. WMP;  PWMP *buŋaR-an, first of anything; new, untainted, virgin. WMP;  PWMP *buŋaR-en, (gloss uncertain). WMP

*buŋas   PMP *buŋas, first of anything; first fruits; prime, new, untainted, virgin. WMP CMP

*buŋaw₁   PWMP *buŋaw₁, mentally disoriented. WMP

*buŋaw₂   PPh *buŋaw₂, scrotum; testicles. WMP

*buŋbuŋ₁   PWMP *buŋbuŋ₁, bamboo tube used as a storage container. WMP

*buŋbuŋ₂   PPh *buŋbuŋ₂, deep resounding sound. WMP

*buŋbuŋ₃   PWMP *buŋbuŋ₃, heart leaves. WMP

*buŋbuŋ₄   PMP *buŋbuŋ₄, swell up. WMP CMP;  POC *pupuŋ, swell up. OC

*buŋet   PWMP *buŋet, anger; angry, irritated, annoyed. WMP

*buŋ(e)tút   PPh *buŋ(e)tút, stench, bad odor. WMP

*buŋi   POC *buŋi, night, darkness. OC

*buŋiq   PPH *buŋiq, harelip; missing or crooked teeth. WMP

*buŋkal   PWMP *buŋkal, to open. WMP

*buŋkaq   PWMP *buŋkaq, split apart; piece split off. WMP

*buŋkaR   PMP *buŋkaR, take apart, dismantle; break open. WMP CMP

*buŋkem   PWMP *buŋkem, close the mouth. WMP

*buŋkug   PWMP *buŋkug, swelling; lump or bump under the skin. WMP

*buŋkuk   PMP *buŋkuk, bent, crooked. WMP CMP

*buŋkul   PMP *buŋkul₁, swelling; lump or bump under the skin; wad of something. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *buŋkul₂, swelling; lump or bump under the skin. OC;  PWMP *buŋkul-an, bump, hump, lump. WMP;  PWMP *buŋkul-en, bump, knob. WMP;  PPh *bukul bukul, lump. WMP;  PWMP *buŋkul kahiw, burl on a tree. WMP

*buŋkus   PWMP *buŋkus, bundle, package; to wrap up. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-buŋkus, to wrap up, bundle up. WMP

*buŋsu   PWMP *buŋsu, youngest child. WMP

*buŋug   PWMP *buŋug, low-pitched sound. WMP

*buŋul   PWMP *buŋul, deaf. WMP

*buŋuq   PPH *buŋuq, skull. WMP

*buŋuR   PAN *buŋuR, tree sp.. Formosan WMP

*buŋut   PWMP *buŋut, labial circle. WMP

*buqak   PPH *buqak, to split open. WMP

*buqal   PCEMP *buqal, levered up; uprooted. CMP;  POC *puqal, levered up; uprooted. OC

*buqaŋ   PMP *buqaŋ, discard, throw away; banish. WMP CMP;  PWMP *b<in>uaŋ, discard. WMP;  PWMP *buaŋ-an, banish. WMP;  PWMP *ka-buaŋ, throw away, toss away. WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-buqaŋ, abort, discard. WMP;  PWMP *paŋ-buaŋ-an, banish. WMP

*buqaR   PMP *buqaR, kind of tree the leaves of which are used as poultices for boils. WMP CMP

*buqaw   PWMP *buqaw, empty, of rice ears. WMP

*buqay   PMP *buqay, to sway, swing (as a cradle). WMP CMP

*buqaya   PAN *buqaya, crocodile. Formosan;  PMP *buqaya, crocodile; greedy. WMP;  PCEMP *buqaya, crocodile; seahorse. CMP SHWNG;  POC *puqaya, crocodile. OC

*buqbuq   PMP *buqbuq, pour, pour out, as water or grain from a container. WMP CMP;  PPh *buqbuq-an, pour. WMP

*buqekuŋ   PWMP *buqekuŋ, bend, curve. WMP

*buqel   PPh *buqel, protruding part of the lower leg. WMP

*buqeli   PWMP *buqeli, to lie, tell a lie. WMP

*buqeni   PMP *buqeni, ringworm: Tinea imbricata. WMP CMP;  POC *puni₃, ringworm: Tinea imbricata. OC;  PPh *ma-buqeni, have ringworm. WMP

*buq(e)tis   PPh *buq(e)tis, pregnant. WMP;  PPh *ma-buntís, pregnant. WMP

*buqi₁   PCMP *buqi₁, food crumbs. CMP

*buqi₂   PCEMP *buqi₂, pour water on; to douse (as a fire). CMP OC;  POC *puqi puqi, pour water on; to douse (as a fire). OC

*buqiq   PMP *buqiq, froth, foam. WMP CMP

*buqul   PWMP *buqul, stopped in its course, as something which sticks in the throat. WMP

*búquŋ   PPh *búquŋ, broken, shattered. WMP

*bura₁   PCMP *bura₁, fat, oil; oily, tasty. CMP

*bura₂   POC *bura₂, discharge of pus. OC

*buras   PWMP *buras, scatter, strew about. WMP

*buresin   PWMP *buresin, to sneeze; a sneeze. WMP

*buri   PMP *buri, palm sp: Corypha elata. WMP CMP

*burik   PWMP *burik, speckled. WMP

*buriŋ   PWMP *buriŋ, striped, of animals. WMP

*burit₁   PMP *burit₁, hind part, rear, back. WMP CMP;  POC *burit₃, hind part, rear, back. OC

*burit₂   PMP *burit₂, line, stripe. WMP CMP

*burun   PMP *burun, inferior type of betel nut. WMP CMP

*burus₁   PWMP *burus₁, slip off, slip away. WMP

*burus₂   PWMP *burus₂, wasteful, extravagant. WMP

*buRat   POC *buRat, a tree with sweet- smelling flowers: Fagraea berteroana. OC

*buRaw   PAN *buRaw, drive off, chase away, expel. Formosan WMP CMP SHWNG;  PWMP *buRaw-an, frighten off birds or animals from the fields; place used to frighten off birds or animals from the fields. WMP;  PPh *buRaw-en, drive off, chase away, expel. WMP;  PWMP *ka-buRaw, drive away, chase off. WMP;  PAN *ma-buRaw, drive. Formosan WMP;  PWMP *maŋ-buRaw, drive off, chase away, expel. WMP;  PPh *maR-buRaw, drive off, chase away, expel. WMP

*buRay   PAN *buRay, flower. Formosan

*buRbuR₁   PMP *buRbuR₁, rice porridge, rice gruel. WMP CMP;  PPh *b<in>uRbuR, rice porridge. WMP

*buRbuR₂   PMP *buRbuR₂, wood worm. WMP CMP

*buR(e)hu   PMP *buR(e)hu, jealous. WMP;  POC *puRu₂, jealous. OC

*buRehuʔ   PMP *buRehuʔ, envious, jealous. WMP;  PCEMP *buRu₂, envious, jealous. CMP

*buReS   PAN *buReS, spray water from the mouth. Formosan;  PMP *buRah, spray water from the mouth; spray a mixture of saliva and masticated medicinal herbs on an ailing body part in curing. WMP CMP;  POC *puRa, spray water from the mouth; spray a mixture of saliva and masticated medicinal herbs on an ailing body part in curing. OC;  PMP *buRah-an, spray. WMP CMP

*buR(e)túŋ   PPH *buR(e)túŋ, only child; alone, by onself; go it alone. WMP

*buRiq   PMP *buRiq, wash, as the hands. WMP CMP;  PMP *puRiq, wash, as the hands. OC

*buRit   PMP *buRit₁, hind part, rear, back; base, bottom. WMP CMP;  POC *buRit₂, hind part, rear, back. OC

*buRnay   PWMP *buRnay, a tree with edible fruit: Antidesma bunius. WMP

*buRsuk   PMP *buRsuk, drive or force into. WMP CMP

*buRtaq   PMP *buRtaq, earth, soil, mud. WMP;  POC *butaq₃, earth, soil. OC

*buRu   POC *buRu₁, to blow. OC

*buRuk   PAN *buRuk, rotten meat; addled eggs; bad character. Formosan WMP CMP;  PAN *b<in>uRuk, to have become rotten. Formosan WMP;  PMP *ma-buRuk, rotten, as meat; addled, as eggs; bad, of character. Formosan WMP OC

*busa₁   PMP *busa₁, foam, suds. WMP CMP;  POC *busa₂, foam, suds. OC

*busa₂   POC *busa₃, container for solid objects; package. OC

*busaw   PMP *busaw, glutton. WMP;  POC *puso₂, glutton. OC

*busay   PMP *busay, drive animals away. WMP CMP

*busbus   PMP *busbus, leak, spill through, stream out from a hole in a container. WMP CMP;  POC *pupus, leak, pour out; loose or crumbling; crumble and fall. OC;  PWMP *busbus-en, punctured, perforated so that the contents spill out. WMP;  POC *pupus-a, drip or pour out. OC;  POC *pupus-i, leak. OC

*buseq   PMP *buseq, foam, bubbles. WMP CMP;  POC *pusoq, foam, bubbles. OC

*bus(e)qák   PPh *bus(e)qák, to split apart (of wood). WMP

*busiq   PPh *busiq, split, rip open. WMP

*busiqsiq   PPh *busiqsiq, split open. WMP

*busuáŋ   PPh *busuáŋ, strong free flow of water. WMP

*busuk   PMP *busuk, decayed, rotten, putrid; stinking. WMP CMP;  POC *mabusuk, rotten, stinking. OC

*busuŋ   PWMP *busuŋ, be afflicted with a swollen abdomen as a result of violating customary law.. WMP;  PWMP *busuŋ-en, suffer from an inflated abdomen as punishment for wrongdoing. WMP;  PWMP *ma-busuŋ, swollen, of the abdomen as a result of the violation of customary law. WMP

*busuR₁   PAN *busuR₁, enemy. Formosan WMP CMP

*busuR₂   PAN *busuR₂, hunting bow. Formosan;  PMP *busuR₂, hunting bow; bow-like instrument used to card kapok fiber. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *pusuR, hunting bow. OC;  PWMP *maŋ-busuR, to card kapok fibers with a bow-like instrument. WMP;  PWMP *paŋ-busuR, carded kapok fibers. WMP

*busuR₃   PWMP *busuR₃, satisfied from having eaten enough; satiated. WMP

*buSuk   PAN *buSuk, drunkenness, intoxication. Formosan;  PMP *buhuk, drunkenness, intoxication. WMP CMP;  PAN *ma-buSuk, drunk, intoxicated. Formosan;  PMP *ma-buhuk, drunk, intoxicated. WMP CMP

*buta   POC *buta, hole, opening, vagina. OC

*buta buta   PWMP *buta buta₂, a tree: Excoecaria spp.. WMP

*butak   PWMP *butak, mud. WMP

*butakál   PPh *butakál, male pig, boar. WMP

*butandiŋ   PPh *butandiŋ, whale?. WMP

*butaq₁   PWMP *butaq₁, fish sp.. WMP

*butaq₂   PMP *butaq₂, tree with poisonous sap. WMP CMP

*butas₁   PWMP *butas₁, to separate people, disperse a gathering. WMP

*butas₂   PWMP *butas₂, cut through, sever. WMP

*butbut₁   PWMP *butbut₁, owl sp.. WMP

*butbut₂   PPH *butbut₃, to make holes in sacks of rice, etc., as chickens or rats do. WMP

*buteliR   PMP *buteliR, wart; cyst; non-purulent skin eruption. WMP;  PCEMP *butiR, wart; cyst; non-purulent skin eruption. CMP;  POC *putiR, wart; cyst; non-purulent skin eruption. OC;  PPh *buteliR-an, having warts. WMP

*buteŋ   PMP *buteŋ, short-. WMP CMP

*butequl   PMP *butequl, hard seed; burl, knot in wood. WMP CMP;  POC *putul₂, protuberant part. OC

*butes   PWMP *butes, broken piece of rope or string. WMP

*butí   PPh *butí, smallpox; swine disease. WMP;  PPh *butih-en, get smallpox; get swine disease. WMP

*butik   PPh *butik, spotted, dappled, speckled. WMP

*butikíq   PPh *butikíq, gecko, house lizard. WMP

*butil   PWMP *butil, grain, kernel. WMP

*bútil   PPh *bútil, satiated, full (of the stomach). WMP

*butíq   PPh *butíq, roasted rice, popped rice. WMP

*butiqes   PWMP *butiqes, calf of the leg. WMP

*butir   PWMP *butir, grain, kernel. WMP

*butiti   PWMP *butiti, puffer fish, globe fish: Tetrodon lunaris. WMP

*butítiq   PPh *butítiq, have an inflated abdomen. WMP

*buto   POC *buto, navel. OC

*butu   PCEMP *butu₂, group, crowd, flock, school, bunch, cluster. CMP;  POC *putu, butu, group, crowd, flock, school, bunch, cluster. OC

*bu(n)tu₁   PWMP *bu(n)tu, bloated. WMP

*butuk   PMP *butuk, knock, pound, beat. WMP;  POC *putuk, knock, pound, beat. OC

*butul   PWMP *butul, averse, unwilling; reluctant. WMP

*butun   PMP *butun₁, a shore tree: Barringtonia spp.. WMP CMP;  POC *putun₁, a shore tree: Barringtonia spp.. OC

*butuŋ   PWMP *butuŋ, a shore tree: Barringtonia spp.. WMP

*butus   PMP *butus, snap, break, as a rope under tension. WMP CMP

*butúy   PPh *butúy, swollen, of the flesh. WMP

*buu₁   PCEMP *buu₁, to blow. CMP;  POC *puu, to blow. OC

*buu₂   PCEMP *buu₂, conch shell trumpet. CMP SHWNG;  POC *buu₅, conch shell trumpet. OC

*buu₃   PCEMP *buu₃, corner, edge, point. CMP;  POC *buu₆, corner. OC

*buu₄   POC *buu₄, a cough; to cough. OC

*buuŋ   PAN *buuŋ, buzzing or humming sound. Formosan WMP;  POC *puuŋ, to howl, of the wind. OC

*buya   PWMP *buya, look at, watch (as a performance). WMP

*buyaŋ   PWMP *buyaŋ, bark cloth?. WMP

*buybuy   PPh *buybuy, silk cotton tree: Ceiba pentandra Linn.. WMP

*buybúy   PPH *buybúy, divulge secrets; recant. WMP

*buyequŋ   PWMP *buyequŋ, paunchy, big-bellied. WMP;  PPh *buyequŋ-an, paunchy, big-bellied. WMP

*buyug   PPh *buyug, bumblebee. WMP

*buyuk   PWMP *buyuk, cheat, deceive. WMP

*buyúk   PPh *buyúk, rotten, stinking. WMP

*buyuŋ   PWMP *buyuŋ, bumblebee. WMP

*buyuq   PWMP *buyuq, leaf of a vine chewed with betel nut, betel pepper: Piper betle. WMP

*buzuk   PWMP *buzuk, fish sp., possibly murrel. WMP

*buʔu   PWMP *buʔu, conical bamboo basket trap for fish. WMP

*buʔut   PMP *buʔut, coconut husk. WMP CMP;  POC *put₂, coconut husk. OC


 

TOP      ba    be    bi    bo    bp    bu    bw    

bw

*bwala   POC *bwala, peel, peeling, skin. OC

*bwara   POC *bwara, peel, peeling, skin. OC

*bweka   POC *bweka, fruit bat, flying fox. OC

*bwisi   POC *bwisi, finger (?). OC

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Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 11/23/2019
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
D:\Users\Stephen\Documents\Visual Studio 2008\Projects\prjACD\prjACD\bin\Debug\acd-hw_b.htm