Introduction      Index to Sets      Cognate Sets      Finderlist      
Subgroups      Languages      Words      Proto-form indexes      
References+      Roots      Loans      Near      Noise      Formosan      
Updated: 11/23/2019

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Index to Sets

(click on a *proto-form for its set)

 a    b    c    C    d    e    g    h    i    j    k    l    m    n    N    ñ    ŋ    o    p    q    r    R    s    S    t    u    w    z   

*z   

za    ze    zi    zu    

*zakan   PMP *zakan, to cook in water, cook rice. WMP;  POC *sakan, to boil food. OC

*za(ŋ)kit   PWMP *za(ŋ)kit, spread, spreading by contact. WMP

*za(ŋ)kuC   PAN *za(ŋ)kuC, grab, grasp, seize. Formosan WMP

*zalan   PAN *zalan, path, made by a human as opposed to an animal; way or means to do something. Formosan;  PMP *zalan, path, made by a human as opposed to an animal; way or means to do something; wake of a boat; the Milky Way. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *jalan, path, road, way. OC;  PWMP *ma-zalan, (gloss uncertain). WMP;  PWMP *pa-zalan, make something go or move. WMP;  PAN *ka-zalan-an, improvised trail, trail made by passing through?. Formosan WMP;  PWMP *pa-zalan-an, (gloss uncertain). WMP;  PAN *za-zalan, (gloss uncertain). Formosan WMP;  PWMP *z<um>alan, to pass through. WMP;  PAN *zalan-an, passage way, place where one has walked. Formosan WMP;  POC *salan-an, passage way. OC;  PAN *zalan-zalan, small path or trail. Formosan WMP

*zalateŋ   PMP *zalateŋ, stinging nettle: Laportea spp.. WMP;  POC *salatoŋ, stinging nettle: Laportea spp.. OC

*zaluaŋ   PWMP *zaluaŋ, bark cloth. WMP

*zaŋan₁   PMP *zaŋan₁, span">handspan. WMP OC

*zaŋan₂   PWMP *zaŋan₂, negative. WMP

*zaŋaw   PWMP *zaŋaw, insect destructive to rice. WMP

*zaŋkal   PWMP *zaŋkal, span">handspan. WMP

*zaŋkaŋ   PWMP *zaŋkaŋ, wide apart, as the legs. WMP

*zapit   PWMP *zapit, pinch, squeeze, press. WMP

*zaqat   PMP *zaqat, bad, evil; ugly. WMP CMP;  POC *saqat, bad. OC;  PMP *ma-zaqat, bad, evil. WMP OC

*zaqet   PWMP *zaqet, bad, evil; ugly. WMP

*zaqit   PMP *zaqit, to sew. WMP CMP;  POC *saqit, to sew. OC;  PPH *daqit-en, to sew. WMP

*zariaŋaw   PWMP *zariaŋaw, a plant: Calamus spp.. WMP

*zariŋ   PMP *zariŋ, noose or net trap. WMP;  POC *sariŋ, noose or net trap. OC

*zaRami   PAN *zaRami, rice straw. Formosan;  PMP *zaRami, rice straw; flute made from a rice stalk. WMP

*zaRaŋ   PWMP *zaRaŋ, having wide intervals; seldom. WMP

*zaRem   PAN *zaRem, needle. Formosan WMP

*zaRum   PAN *zaRum, needle. Formosan WMP CMP;  POC *saRum, needle. OC

*zauq   PMP *zauq, far. WMP CMP SHWNG;  POC *sauq₁, far. OC;  PMP *ma-zauq, far. WMP CMP;  POC *masauq, far. OC;  PMP *zauq zauq, (gloss uncertain). WMP;  POC *sauq sauq, (gloss uncertain). OC

*zawa₁   PMP *zawa₁, day. WMP CMP

*zawa₂   PAN *zawa₂, millet sp.: Setaria italica (?). Formosan WMP


 

TOP      za    ze    zi    zu    

ze

*zeket   PMP *zeket, to burn (fields, etc.). WMP;  POC *sokot, to burn. OC

*zekzek   PAN *zekzek, to tread, trample on. Formosan WMP

*zelaq   PWMP *zelaq, tongue. WMP

*zelay   PMP *zelay, a cereal grass with edible seeds that are also used as beads, Job’s tears: Coix lachryma-jobi L.. WMP CMP

*zeliŋ   PWMP *zeliŋ, cross-eyed; eye. WMP

*zelzel   PWMP *zelzel, stuff or fill with material. WMP

*zemak   PMP *zemak, feel, grope. WMP CMP

*zeŋkuŋ   PMP *zeŋkuŋ, curve. WMP;  POC *sokuŋ, curve. OC

*zepit   PWMP *zepit, pinch, take up with the fingers. WMP

*zeRa   PWMP *zeRa, hurt, frightened, or discouraged by previous bad experience. WMP

*zeRet   PWMP *zeRet, noose trap. WMP


 

TOP      za    ze    zi    zu    

zi

*zilak   PMP *zilak, eye. WMP;  POC *silak₂, eye. OC

*zilat   PWMP *zilat, to stick out the tongue. WMP

*zilateŋ   PMP *zilateŋ, stinging nettle: Laportea spp.. WMP;  POC *silatoŋ, stinging nettle: Laportea spp.. OC

*ziŋkit   PWMP *ziŋkit, touching or joined along the length. WMP

*ziRet   PWMP *ziRet, noose trap. WMP

*ziteq   PWMP *ziteq, vine from which poison is obtained. WMP

*zitzit   PMP *zitzit, to hiss. WMP;  POC *sisit, to hiss, as to call attention to. OC

*ziuq   PMP *ziuq, bathe. WMP;  POC *siuq₂, bathe. OC

*zizi   PWMP *zizi, disgust. WMP

*ziziq   PMP *ziziq, grin, show the teeth. WMP;  POC *sisiq₂, grin, show the teeth. OC

*zizir   PMP *zizir, grin, show the teeth. WMP;  POC *sisir₂, grin, show the teeth. OC


 

TOP      za    ze    zi    zu    

zu

*zukut   PMP *zukut, grass. WMP CMP

*zulaq   PWMP *zulaq, saliva; to spit. WMP

*zuliŋ   PWMP *zuliŋ, cross-eyed. WMP

*zulu   PAN *zulu, earlier, in advance. Formosan WMP

*zuluŋ   PWMP *zuluŋ, kind of freshwater fish. WMP

*zuŋkuk   PMP *zuŋkuk, bend over, stoop. WMP CMP

*zuŋzuŋ   PWMP *zuŋzuŋ, carry on the head. WMP;  PWMP *zuŋzuŋ-an, what is carried on the head; a burden. WMP

*zuRu   PWMP *zuRu, corner; side, edge. WMP

*zuRuq   PMP *zuRuq, juice; sap; gravy; soup. WMP SHWNG;  POC *suRuq₁, juice; broth, soup; gravy. OC

*zutzut   PWMP *zutzut, pluck, pull out. WMP


Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 11/23/2019
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
D:\Users\Stephen\Documents\Visual Studio 2008\Projects\prjACD\prjACD\bin\Debug\acd-hw_z.htm