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Updated: 9/24/2017

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Noise

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od    of    on    op    or    ot    ow    

objects:   ten, in counting certain objects

OC
Tolai baratten, used of birds and their eggs, and sometimes pigs
Nggela mbalaten bunches of fruit
Arosi haraten, of bananas

obstruct:   obstruct, stretch across

WMP
Tae' pampaŋtransverse, stretched across the breadth of
CMP
Manggarai pampaŋobstruct, restrain, hinder, prevent; separate (as two people who are fighting)

TOP      od    of    on    op    or    ot    ow    

od

odor

WMP
Mongondow buoʔfragrance, smell, scent; stench
SHWNG
Buli pu-puistench; to stink
OC
Fijian boihave a smell, yield a perfume
Fijian boi-boihave a smell
Fijian i boia smell or scent

TOP      od    of    on    op    or    ot    ow    

of

offer

OC
Sa'a ohomake a propitiatory offering after a term of absence
Samoan ofooffer (as payment for work done)

TOP      od    of    on    op    or    ot    ow    

on

one

WMP
Kankanaey sikíone, one of the numbers used by children
Javanese siki ~ saikione
Balinese sikione
Balinese ha-sikione; classifier (general)
Balinese siki-yanunit, unity
Balinese siki-yaŋbe united, unified

It is conceivable that this is one of a set of numerals used for special purposes, as by children in play. However, there is no known support for this hypothesis beyond the present comparison, and until further support is found it seems best to treat the similarity seen here as a product of chance convergence.

onto:   step onto

WMP
Tiruray ʔendaʔstep onto something
Tae' endaʔladder

TOP      od    of    on    op    or    ot    ow    

op

open

WMP
Bontok ʔəkáŋbreak open, as a coconut with one's hands, or a partly healed wound; to dig
Bintulu kaŋto open
Melanau (Mukah) kaŋto open

open:   open wide

CMP
Manggarai bincisplit, separate off, not mix with
Tetun fisito open wide (pushing to one side), e.g. a wound, the eyes, the mouth, etc.; release, unfasten

opening:   door opening

WMP
Kayan bawindow or door opening
CMP
Sika wadoor opening

Chance (cp. Kayan ba 'mouth', evidently the primary sense of the term).

(Dempwolff: *wawaq 'opening')

opening

WMP
Tagalog wáwaʔmouth of a river, delta
Malagasy vavamouth
Javanese wawahspacious
OC
Sa'a wawamouth

Dempwolff (1934-38) reconstructed *wawaq 'opening', but the Javanese form is best attributed to *babaq₂ and the Malagasy form to *babaq₁. The similarity of Tagalog wáwaʔ to Sa'a wawa is best attributed to chance.

TOP      od    of    on    op    or    ot    ow    

or

(Dempwolff: *tataR ‘rule’)

orderly:   orderly rule-governed

WMP
Tagalog tátag, tatágestablishment; security; stability; solidity
Ngaju Dayak tatamanner, way, usage
Ngaju Dayak ba-tatacourteoous
Old Javanese tatāarrangement, ordering; fixed order, rule
Old Javanese a-tatāwell-ordered, well-arranged, in the correct position
Javanese tatamanners, good behavior

Dempwolff (1938) reconstructed ‘Uraustronesisch’ *tataR ‘rule’, adding Fijian i-tata ‘order, command’, a form that I am unable to find in any modern dictionary.

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ot

(Dempwolff: *ibaq)

other;:   other, to change

WMP
Tagalog ibáother, another; different, distince'
Toba Batak iba ibaperson, self
Javanese ébahmove
Javanese éwahchange

Chance. Dempwolff (1934-38) combined these forms with Ngaju Dayak iwa-n 'sister-in-law (woman speaking)'.

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ow

owl:   owl sp.

WMP
Ngaju Dayak buaksmall owl named from its call
Malay buroŋ buak-buaka bird, unident.
Sundanese bueukscreech owl
CMP
Sika boowl the size of a dove

owl:   owl sp.

OC
Southeast Ambrym vueibarn owl: Tyto alba
Hawaiian pueoHawaiian short-eared owl: Asio flammeus sandwichensis, sometimes regarded as a deity

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Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 9/24/2017
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
D:\Users\Stephen\Documents\Visual Studio 2008\Projects\prjACD\prjACD\bin\Debug\acd-n_o.htm
 


Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 9/24/2017
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
Noise-Index-o