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Updated: 4/20/2019

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Proto-form indexes: combined

(click on a *proto-form for its cognate set)

 PAN
1696
 PMP
3651
 PWMP
7267
 PPh
1723
 PCEMP
2917
 PCMP
2130
 PEMP
1723
 PSHWNG
429
 POC
2530
 PPH (3A)
1
combined   
24067

 a    a    b    c    C    d    e    g    h    i    i    j    k    l    L    l    m    n    N    ñ    ŋ    o    p    q    r    R    s    S    t    u    u    w    z   

*d   

da    da    de        di    di    do    dr    du    du    

da


*da PAN locative case marker (probably for plural personal names; cf. *di, *du) 8797
*daₐ PMP locative case marker for plural personal names 8798
*daₐ PWMP locative case marker for plural personal names 8798
*-da₁ POC 1pl. incl. nominative and hortative pronoun 10271
*-da₂ POC 1pl. incl. possessive suffix 10273
*da₂ POC 1pl. incl. subject prefix and possessive suffix; we (incl.); our (incl.) 11717
*da-amax PAN father 135
*da-amax PMP father 135
*da-amax PWMP father 135
*dabuk₁ PMP pound, beat 2179
*dabuk₁ PWMP pound, beat 2179
*dabuk₁ PCEMP pound, beat 2179
*dabuk₁ PEMP pound, beat 2179
*dabuk₁ POC pound, beat 2179
*dabuk₂ PPH dust 7021
*dabuŋ PPH bamboo shoot 7024
*dabuq PWMP to fall 7075
*dada₁ PCMP to pull, haul, drag 7728
*dada₂ PPH term of reference for older female relative 12269
*dadan PMP old, of things; ancient times 7019
*dadan PWMP old, of things; ancient times 7019
*dadaN PAN old, of things; ancient times 7018
*da-daRa PWMP maiden, virgin, unmarried girl 8084
*da-duha PMP two, of people 7878
*da-duha PWMP two, of people 7878
*da-duha PCEMP two, of people 7878
*da-duha PEMP two, of people 7878
*da-duSa PAN two, of people 7877
*dagdag PPH to drop, to fall down 12292
*dagepak PWMP loud slap 3858
*dag(e)qún PPH year 12276
*dagus₂ PPH to lodge, stay in someone else’s house 11972
*dahak PWMP phlegm; cough up phlegm 6981
*dahdah PWMP chest (anat.) 6980
*dahemuR PWMP dew 2180
*dahun-dahun PMP foliage, leaves 6929
*dahun-dahun PWMP foliage, leaves 6929
*dahun-dahun PCEMP foliage, leaves 6929
*dahun-dahun PEMP foliage, leaves 6929
*dahun PMP leaf; blade of paddle or oar; ‘table’ for eating 6923
*dahun PWMP leaf; blade of paddle or oar; ‘table’ for eating 6923
*dahun nu taliŋa PMP the auricle or shell of the ear 6931
*dahun nu taliŋa PWMP the auricle or shell of the ear 6931
*dahun nu taliŋa PCEMP the auricle or shell of the ear 6931
*dahun nu taliŋa PEMP the auricle or shell of the ear 6931
*dajam PAN accustomed to, tame 2181
*dajem PAN chills, as of malaria 2183
*dajem PMP chills, as of malaria 2183
*dajem PWMP chills, as of malaria 2183
*daŋkaq PMP branch 2207
*daŋkaq PWMP branch 2207
*daŋkaq PCEMP branch 2207
*daŋkaq PCMP branch 2207
*dakdak PWMP slam down with force 6982
*dakél PPH big, large (in size or quantity) 7025
*dakep PAN catch, seize; embrace 7077
*dakep PMP catch, seize; embrace 7077
*dakep PWMP catch, seize; embrace 7077
*dakep PCEMP catch, seize; embrace 7077
*dakep PEMP catch, seize; embrace 7077
*dakep-en PAN be caught, captured 7080
*dakep-en PMP be caught, captured 7080
*dakep-en PWMP be caught, captured 7080
*daŋkeq PMP branch, twig 2208
*daŋkeq PWMP branch, twig 2208
*daŋkeq PCEMP branch, twig 2208
*daŋkeq PEMP branch, twig 2208
*daŋkeq POC branch, twig 2208
*dakeS PAN a tree: the camphor laurel: Cinnamomum spp. 6682
*daki PAN dirt on skin; dandruff 6611
*daki PMP dirt on skin; dandruff; tartar on teeth 6920
*daki PWMP dirt on skin; dandruff; tartar on teeth 6920
*daki PCEMP dirt on skin; dandruff; tartar on teeth 6920
*daki PCMP dirt on skin; dandruff; tartar on teeth 6920
*dakiS PAN climb, ascend 6612
*dakiS PMP climb, ascend 6612
*dakiS PWMP climb, ascend 6612
*dakit PMP join along the length; raft 2185
*dakit PWMP join along the length; raft 2185
*dakit PCEMP join along the length; raft 2185
*dakit PCMP join along the length; raft 2185
*dakit PEMP join along the length; raft 2185
*dákit PPH ford a river, cross to the other side (of a river, street, etc.) 6983
*dakuC PAN snatch, grab 2186
*dakuC PMP snatch, grab 2186
*dakuC PWMP snatch, grab 2186
*dakuC PCEMP snatch, grab 2186
*dakuC PCMP snatch, grab 2186
*dalág PPH mudfish, murrel 6984
*dalágan PPH rushing of water; rapids, cascade 6985
*dalak PWMP thunder 2187
*dálaw PPH pay a visit, drop by to see someone 7028
*dalayap PAN kind of citrus tree and fruit 6856
*dalayap PMP kind of citrus tree and fruit 6856
*dalayap PWMP kind of citrus tree and fruit 6856
*daldál PPH talkative, loquacious 11973
*dalej PWMP housefly 7563
*dalem PAN in, inside; deep 7088
*dalem PMP insides, area within, inner part of something; between; below, under; deep; mind, feelings, liver (fig.) 7108
*dalem PWMP insides, area within, inner part of something; between; below, under; deep; mind, feelings, liver (fig.) 7108
*dalem PCEMP insides, area within, inner part of something; between; below, under; deep; mind, feelings, liver (fig.) 7108
*dalem PCMP insides, area within, inner part of something; between; below, under; deep; mind, feelings, liver (fig.) 7108
*dalem PEMP insides, area within, inner part of something; between; below, under; deep; mind, feelings, liver (fig.) 7108
*dalem PSHWNG insides, area within, inner part of something; between; below, under; deep; mind, feelings, liver (fig.) 7108
*dalem qatay PMP hold within (of emotions, thoughts)? 7096
*dalem qatay PWMP hold within (of emotions, thoughts)? 7096
*dalem qatay PCEMP hold within (of emotions, thoughts)? 7096
*dalem qatay PEMP hold within (of emotions, thoughts)? 7096
*dalem-en PWMP put something into a container 7095
*dalig PPH buttress root 2188
*dalij PMP buttress root 2189
*dalij PWMP buttress root 2189
*dalij PCEMP buttress root 2189
*dalij PCMP buttress root 2189
*dalij PEMP buttress root 2189
*dalij PSHWNG buttress root 2189
*dalikan PMP trivet, arrangement of three stones on which the cooking pot is placed 2190
*dalikan PWMP trivet, arrangement of three stones on which the cooking pot is placed 2190
*dalikan PCEMP trivet, arrangement of three stones on which the cooking pot is placed 2190
*dalikan PCMP trivet, arrangement of three stones on which the cooking pot is placed 2190
*daliŋ PWMP buttress root 6608
*dalit₁ PMP glue, paste, plaster, caulk 2193
*dalit₁ PWMP glue, paste, plaster, caulk 2193
*dalit₁ PCEMP glue, paste, plaster, caulk 2193
*dalit₁ PCMP glue, paste, plaster, caulk 2193
*dalit₂ PMP smooth, slippery 2194
*dalit₂ PWMP smooth, slippery 2194
*dalit₃ PPH venom, poison 12293
*dalíq PPH quick, do quickly; do in a short time 11974
*dalu₁ PMP a flying white ant or termite 7102
*dalu₁ PWMP a flying white ant or termite 7102
*dalu₁ PCEMP a flying white ant or termite 7102
*dalu₁ PCMP a flying white ant or termite 7102
*dalu₂ PWMP jealousy; anger; a quarrel 8725
*dalupániq PPH kind of freshwater fish 11975
*dalúpaŋ PPH kind of shrub 11976
*damaR₁ PAN tree resin used in torches (?) 8079
*damaR₁ PMP tree resin used in torches (?) 8079
*damaR₁ PWMP tree resin used in torches (?) 8079
*damaR₁ PCEMP tree resin used in torches (?) 8079
*damaR₁ PEMP tree resin used in torches (?) 8079
*damaR₂ PPH to stay up all night, continue until daybreak 12271
*damay PWMP peace, empathy, harmony between parties 12009
*damdam PWMP fever, illness 8077
*damuq PAN menstrual blood? 6723
*damwa POC forehead 11091
*dana PWMP old, of things 8078
*danaw PAN lake 7109
*danaw PMP lake 7109
*danaw PWMP lake 7109
*danaw PCEMP lake 7109
*danaw PCMP lake 7109
*danaw PEMP lake 7109
*danáq₁ PPH beaten track, footprints making a trail 12185
*danáq₂ PPH that, those 12186
*daní PPH soon, presently; almost 12187
*danug PPH to punch, hit with the fist 11580
*danum PMP fresh water 7457
*danum PWMP fresh water 7457
*danum PCEMP fresh water 7457
*danum PEMP fresh water 7457
*danum-an PAN (gloss uncertain) 7463
*danum-an PMP (gloss uncertain) 7463
*danum-an PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7463
*daNum PAN fresh water 7456
*daŋanan PWMP handle of a knife or sword 2205
*daŋaq PWMP wide open 2206
*daŋaw PPH handspan 8838
*daŋdaŋ₁ PAN broil; warm oneself or something near a fire 6963
*daŋdaŋ₁ PMP warm oneself or something near a fire; heat or dry near a fire 6964
*daŋdaŋ₁ PWMP warm oneself or something near a fire; heat or dry near a fire 6964
*daŋdaŋ₁ PCEMP warm oneself or something near a fire; heat or dry near a fire 6964
*daŋdaŋ₁ PCMP warm oneself or something near a fire; heat or dry near a fire 6964
*daŋdaŋ₁ PEMP warm oneself or something near a fire; heat or dry near a fire 6964
*daŋdaŋ₁ POC warm oneself or something near a fire; heat or dry near a fire 6964
*daŋdaŋ-an PAN place something near a fire 6969
*daŋdaŋ-an PMP place something near a fire 6969
*daŋdaŋ-an PWMP place something near a fire 6969
*daŋdaŋ-en PWMP to be dried near a fire or by the sun 6970
*daŋi PCEMP near 6799
*daŋi PCMP near 6799
*daŋi PEMP near 6799
*da(ŋ)ket PMP stick, adhere to 2213
*da(ŋ)ket PWMP stick, adhere to 2213
*da(ŋ)ket PCEMP stick, adhere to 2213
*da(ŋ)ket PCMP stick, adhere to 2213
*da(ŋ)ket PEMP stick, adhere to 2213
*daŋ-sa-anak PWMP relatives 188
*daŋuy PWMP to swim 2212
*dapa PAN palm of the hand 2210
*dapa PMP palm of the hand 2210
*dapa PWMP palm of the hand 2210
*da(m)paD PMP flat, level 2209
*da(m)paD PWMP flat, level 2209
*da(m)paD PCEMP flat, level 2209
*da(m)paD PCMP flat, level 2209
*dapak PPH marine fish, probably snapper sp. 12272
*dapal PWMP width of the palm (?) 8074
*dapan PMP sole of the foot 6919
*dapan PWMP sole of the foot 6919
*dapaN PAN sole of the foot; footprint 6704
*dapaR PMP flat, level, even 8069
*dapaR PWMP flat, level, even 8069
*dapaR PCEMP flat, level, even 8069
*dapaR PEMP flat, level, even 8069
*dapat₃ PPH to lie flat; flat area 12274
*dapat₄ PPH should, ought to 12275
*dapdap₁ PMP a tree with dense clusters of red flowers, the Indian coral tree, Erythrina indica 7098
*dapdap₁ PWMP a tree with dense clusters of red flowers, the Indian coral tree, Erythrina indica 7098
*dapdap₁ PCEMP a tree with dense clusters of red flowers, the Indian coral tree, Erythrina indica 7098
*dapdap₁ PEMP a tree with dense clusters of red flowers, the Indian coral tree, Erythrina indica 7098
*dapdap₂ PWMP to grope 8072
*dapdáp PPH cut chips or bits from something, scrape off 7100
*dapet PMP to place in contact with one another, come in contact, space closely 8075
*dapet PWMP to place in contact with one another, come in contact, space closely 8075
*dapet PCEMP to place in contact with one another, come in contact, space closely 8075
*dapet PCMP to place in contact with one another, come in contact, space closely 8075
*da(m)pil PWMP nudge, bump against another person 2211
*dapit PWMP transport someone across a river (?) 8073
*dapít PPH place, location, direction 11977
*dapu PPH be attracted to, swarm around, as ants do on finding food 11978
*dapuR dapuR PWMP external part of something 8046
*dapuR₁ PMP hearth 8042
*dapuR₁ PWMP hearth 8042
*dapuR₁ PCEMP hearth 8042
*dapuR₁ PCMP hearth 8042
*dapuR₁ PEMP hearth 8042
*dapuR₂ PAN pile up, as stones 12082
*dapuR₂ PMP pile up, as stones 12082
*dapuR₂ PWMP pile up, as stones 12082
*dapuR-an PWMP hearth, cooking place 8044
*daqan kahiw PMP branch of a tree 7203
*daqan kahiw PWMP branch of a tree 7203
*daqan kahiw PCEMP branch of a tree 7203
*daqan kahiw PEMP branch of a tree 7203
*daqan₁ PMP branch, bough 7201
*daqan₁ PWMP branch, bough 7201
*daqan₁ PCEMP branch, bough 7201
*daqan₁ PCMP branch, bough 7201
*daqan₁ PEMP branch, bough 7201
*daqan₁ PSHWNG branch, bough 7201
*daqan₂ PMP old, ancient; formerly 12063
*daqan₂ PWMP old, ancient; formerly 12063
*daqani PMP day 12064
*daqani PWMP day 12064
*daqani PCEMP day 12064
*daqani PEMP day 12064
*daqaN PAN old, ancient 7020
*daqaNi PAN day 2197
*daq(e)taR PPH floor 12277
*daqi PCEMP forehead; face 7060
*daqi PCMP forehead; face 7060
*daqi PEMP forehead; face 7060
*daqih PMP forehead; face 6465
*daqih PWMP forehead; face 6465
*daqiS PAN forehead; face 6464
*daqit-en PPH to sew 12062
*daqu₁ PMP a tree: Dracontomelum edule 2198
*daqu₁ PWMP a tree: Dracontomelum edule 2198
*daqu₁ PCEMP a tree: Dracontomelum edule 2198
*daqu₁ PCMP a tree: Dracontomelum edule 2198
*daqu₂ PAN soapberry: Sapindus mukrossi, S. saponaria 6568
*daRa₁ PAN Formosan maple: Liquidambar formosana 6569
*daRa₂ PMP maiden, virgin, unmarried girl 8083
*daRa₂ PWMP maiden, virgin, unmarried girl 8083
*daRa₂ PCEMP maiden, virgin, unmarried girl 8083
*daRa₂ PCMP maiden, virgin, unmarried girl 8083
*daRa-daRaq PMP bloody 7209
*daRa-daRaq PWMP bloody 7209
*daRa-daRaq PCEMP bloody 7209
*daRa-daRaq PCMP bloody 7209
*daRaq PAN blood; to bleed; menstruate 7205
*daRaq PMP blood; to bleed; menstruate 7205
*daRaq PWMP blood; to bleed; menstruate 7205
*daRaq PCEMP blood; to bleed; menstruate 7205
*daRaq PCMP blood; to bleed; menstruate 7205
*daRaq PEMP blood; to bleed; menstruate 7205
*daRaq PSHWNG blood; to bleed; menstruate 7205
*daRat PMP littoral sea, sea near the shore 6503
*daRat PWMP littoral sea, sea near the shore 6503
*daRat PCEMP littoral sea, sea near the shore 6503
*daRat PCMP littoral sea, sea near the shore 6503
*daRat PEMP littoral sea, sea near the shore 6503
*daRayaʔ PWMP teem, swarm 2199
*daRehuŋ PWMP deep booming sound 11177
*daReq PAN soil, probably clay 2200
*daReq PMP soil, probably clay 2200
*daReq PWMP soil, probably clay 2200
*daReq PCEMP soil, probably clay 2200
*daReq PCMP soil, probably clay 2200
*daReq PEMP soil, probably clay 2200
*daReq POC soil, probably clay 2200
*daRi PMP a fish: Scomberoides sp. 2201
*daRi PWMP a fish: Scomberoides sp. 2201
*daRi PCEMP a fish: Scomberoides sp. 2201
*daRi PEMP a fish: Scomberoides sp. 2201
*daRi POC a fish: Scomberoides sp. 2201
*daRiŋ PAN groan, moan 2202
*daRiŋ PMP groan, moan 2202
*daRiŋ PWMP groan, moan 2202
*daRiq PAN soil, probably clay 8900
*da(ŋ)sek PWMP crowd, push together 2214
*das(e)qaR PPH food laid out for a feast 12188
*daSdaS PAN chest (anat.) 2203
*daSdaS PMP chest (anat.) 2203
*dataR PAN flat, flat or level land 7564
*dataR PMP flat, flat or level land 7564
*dataR PWMP flat, flat or level land 7564
*dataR PCEMP flat, flat or level land 7564
*dataR PCMP flat, flat or level land 7564
*dataR PEMP flat, flat or level land 7564
*dateŋ PMP to arrive, reach a place 7986
*dateŋ PWMP to arrive, reach a place 7986
*dateŋ PCEMP to arrive, reach a place 7986
*dateŋ PCMP to arrive, reach a place 7986
*dateŋ-an PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7990
*dateŋ-en PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7991
*datu PMP lineage priest (?) 6857
*datu PWMP lineage priest (?) 6857
*datu PCEMP lineage priest (?) 6857
*datu PCMP lineage priest (?) 6857
*datu PEMP lineage priest (?) 6857
*datu POC lineage priest (?) 6857
*daun PCEMP leaf; head hair; classifier used in counting certain types of objects 6924
*daun PCMP leaf; head hair; classifier used in counting certain types of objects 6924
*daup₁ PPH to cover, covering 12189
*daup₂ PPH to bring the hands together 12190
*dawak PWMP curing ritual conducted by a medium in trance 2204
*dawat-en PPH to receive, accept 12012
*dawdaw PPH kind of marine snail 3521
*dawiN PAN far 6634
*daya PAN upriver, toward the interior 7210
*daya PMP upriver, toward the interior 7210
*daya PWMP upriver, toward the interior 7210
*daya PCEMP upriver, toward the interior 7210
*daya PCMP upriver, toward the interior 7210
*daya PEMP upriver, toward the interior 7210
*dayket PPH sticky, glutinous, adhesive 12013

da    da    de        di    di    do    dr    du    du    

da


*dág(e)saq PPH to wash ashore, as driftwood 12270
*dágus₁ PPH continue on with doing something, do immediately, without hesitation 10657
*dápat₁ PPH to place in contact with one another, come in contact, space closely 8076
*dápat₂ PPH to treat with medicine 12273
*dáwat PPH to receive; to ask for 12010
*dáyaw PPH to praise someone 11979
*dáyu PPH stranger, foreigner; guest 11980

da    da    de        di    di    do    dr    du    du    

de


*debak PWMP pound, thud 2215
*debdeb PAN chest 2216
*debdeb PMP chest 2216
*debdeb PWMP chest 2216
*debek PMP smack against 2217
*debek PWMP smack against 2217
*debek PCEMP smack against 2217
*debek PCMP smack against 2217
*dedap PMP a tree: Erythrina spp. 2218
*dedap PWMP a tree: Erythrina spp. 2218
*dedap PCEMP a tree: Erythrina spp. 2218
*dedap PCMP a tree: Erythrina spp. 2218
*dedap PEMP a tree: Erythrina spp. 2218
*dedap PSHWNG a tree: Erythrina spp. 2218
*denden PPH to move aside; make room for, as by moving a little 12083
*degaq PWMP clatter of a stick poking around in something 2219
*de(ŋ)guk PMP deep throaty sound 2244
*de(ŋ)guk PWMP deep throaty sound 2244
*de(ŋ)guk PCEMP deep throaty sound 2244
*de(ŋ)guk PCMP deep throaty sound 2244
*deguʔ PWMP sound of swishing water 2220
*dekak PWMP shriek, as of laughter 2221
*dekdek PMP pulverize, crush by pounding 6504
*dekdek PWMP pulverize, crush by pounding 6504
*dekeC PAN paste, adhesive (probably made of overcooked rice) 8087
*dekep PWMP embrace 2222
*deket deket PWMP (gloss uncertain) 8095
*deket₁ PMP paste, adhesive (probably made of overcooked rice) 8088
*deket₁ PWMP paste, adhesive (probably made of overcooked rice) 8088
*deket₁ PCEMP paste, adhesive (probably made of overcooked rice) 8088
*deket₁ PCMP paste, adhesive (probably made of overcooked rice) 8088
*deket₂ PWMP ignite, set aflame 8096
*deket₃ PPH blackened, as the teeth with betel stains 12105
*deket-en PWMP be stuck to by something 8094
*dekiŋ PAN to bark, of a deer 2223
*dekiŋ PMP to bark, of a deer 2223
*dekiŋ PWMP to bark, of a deer 2223
*de(ŋ)kit PMP touching or joined along the length 2245
*de(ŋ)kit PWMP touching or joined along the length 2245
*de(ŋ)kit PCEMP touching or joined along the length 2245
*de(ŋ)kit PCMP touching or joined along the length 2245
*dekuk PMP bow, bend downward 2224
*dekuk PWMP bow, bend downward 2224
*dekuk PCEMP bow, bend downward 2224
*dekuk PCMP bow, bend downward 2224
*dekuk PEMP bow, bend downward 2224
*dekuŋ PMP to bend over 12014
*dekuŋ PWMP to bend over 12014
*dekuŋ PCEMP to bend over 12014
*dekuŋ PEMP to bend over 12014
*delek PWMP thunder 8082
*delem PMP dark of the moon, moonless night 11981
*delem PWMP dark of the moon, moonless night 11981
*delem PCEMP dark of the moon, moonless night 11981
*delem PEMP dark of the moon, moonless night 11981
*delep PMP submerge, sink 2225
*delep PWMP submerge, sink 2225
*delep PCEMP submerge, sink 2225
*delep PCMP submerge, sink 2225
*deles PAN bowstring 2226
*deles PMP bowstring 2226
*deles PWMP bowstring 2226
*deles PCEMP bowstring 2226
*deles PEMP bowstring 2226
*demdem₁ PAN brood, hold a grudge, remember, keep still 2227
*demdem₁ PMP brood, hold a grudge, remember, keep still 2227
*demdem₁ PWMP brood, hold a grudge, remember, keep still 2227
*demdem₁ PCEMP brood, hold a grudge, remember, keep still 2227
*demdem₁ PEMP brood, hold a grudge, remember, keep still 2227
*demdem₂ PAN gloom, darkness; dark, overcast, gloomy 7567
*demdem₂ PMP gloom, darkness; dark, overcast, gloomy 7567
*demdem₂ PWMP gloom, darkness; dark, overcast, gloomy 7567
*demdem₂ PCEMP gloom, darkness; dark, overcast, gloomy 7567
*demdem₂ PCMP gloom, darkness; dark, overcast, gloomy 7567
*demdem₂ PEMP gloom, darkness; dark, overcast, gloomy 7567
*demdem₂ PSHWNG gloom, darkness; dark, overcast, gloomy 7567
*denet PPH to touch, come in contact with 11150
*deŋan PMP with, in conjunction with; companion 6895
*deŋan PWMP with, in conjunction with; companion 6895
*deŋan PCEMP with, in conjunction with; companion 6895
*deŋan PEMP with, in conjunction with; companion 6895
*deŋdeŋ₁ PPH to cook vegetables 11092
*deŋdeŋ₂ PAN thunder; roaring or thunderous sound 12084
*deŋdeŋ₂ PMP thunder; roaring or thunderous sound 12084
*deŋdeŋ₂ PWMP thunder; roaring or thunderous sound 12084
*deŋen PWMP with, in conjunction with; companion 6899
*deŋeR PAN to hear; sound 8248
*deŋeR PMP to hear, listen; obey; hear about; news; fame, famous; to feel, perceive through any sense other than sight 8249
*deŋeR PWMP to hear, listen; obey; hear about; news; fame, famous; to feel, perceive through any sense other than sight 8249
*deŋeR PCEMP to hear, listen; obey; hear about; news; fame, famous; to feel, perceive through any sense other than sight 8249
*deŋeR PCMP to hear, listen; obey; hear about; news; fame, famous; to feel, perceive through any sense other than sight 8249
*deŋeR PEMP to hear, listen; obey; hear about; news; fame, famous; to feel, perceive through any sense other than sight 8249
*deŋeR PSHWNG to hear, listen; obey; hear about; news; fame, famous; to feel, perceive through any sense other than sight 8249
*deŋeR-en PPH to listen to 8262
*deŋut PWMP restless, impatient, annoyed 2243
*de(m)paD PWMP flat and wide 2241
*depa-en PWMP to measure by fathoms 7754
*depah PAN fathom 7748
*depah PMP fathom 7748
*depah PWMP fathom 7748
*depah PCEMP fathom 7748
*depah PCMP fathom 7748
*depah PEMP fathom 7748
*depah PSHWNG fathom 7748
*depa-i PWMP to measure by fathoms 7755
*depdep PMP tree with dense clusters of red flowers, the Indian coral tree, Erythrina indica 8882
*depdep PWMP tree with dense clusters of red flowers, the Indian coral tree, Erythrina indica 8882
*depdep PCEMP tree with dense clusters of red flowers, the Indian coral tree, Erythrina indica 8882
*depdep PCMP tree with dense clusters of red flowers, the Indian coral tree, Erythrina indica 8882
*depen PMP mat 2228
*depen PWMP mat 2228
*depen PCEMP mat 2228
*depen PCMP mat 2228
*depuk PMP snap, crack 2229
*depuk PWMP snap, crack 2229
*depuk PCEMP snap, crack 2229
*depuk PCMP snap, crack 2229
*de(m)pul PMP dull, blunt 2242
*de(m)pul PWMP dull, blunt 2242
*de(m)pul PCEMP dull, blunt 2242
*de(m)pul PCMP dull, blunt 2242
*depuŋ PAN venomous snake 2230
*depuŋ PMP venomous snake 2230
*depuŋ PWMP venomous snake 2230
*deruŋ PAN deep booming sound 2237
*deruŋ PMP deep booming sound 2237
*deruŋ PWMP deep booming sound 2237
*deRaŋ PWMP red 2231
*deRas PMP hasten 12016
*deRas PWMP hasten 12016
*deRas PCEMP hasten 12016
*deRas PEMP hasten 12016
*deRdeR PAN thunder 2232
*deRdeR PMP thunder 2232
*deRdeR PWMP thunder 2232
*deReŋ PMP sound of groaning, moaning, roaring, etc. 2235
*deReŋ PWMP sound of groaning, moaning, roaring, etc. 2235
*deReŋ PCEMP sound of groaning, moaning, roaring, etc. 2235
*deReŋ PEMP sound of groaning, moaning, roaring, etc. 2235
*deRep PWMP communal help 2233
*deR(e)qas PPH second pounding of rice 12018
*deRes PMP swiftly flowing, of water; heavy, of rain 2234
*deRes PWMP swiftly flowing, of water; heavy, of rain 2234
*deRes PCEMP swiftly flowing, of water; heavy, of rain 2234
*deRes PEMP swiftly flowing, of water; heavy, of rain 2234
*deRiŋ PWMP to ring, buzz, etc. 2236
*deRu PWMP roll of thunder 7756
*deRuŋ₁ PAN distant rolling thunder 2238
*deRuŋ₁ PMP distant rolling thunder 2238
*deRuŋ₁ PWMP distant rolling thunder 2238
*deRuŋ₂ PMP a tree: Trema orientalis 2239
*deRuŋ₂ PWMP a tree: Trema orientalis 2239
*deRuŋ₂ PCEMP a tree: Trema orientalis 2239
*deRuŋ₂ PCMP a tree: Trema orientalis 2239
*desdes PPH to rub, rub together 7328
*desdés PPH push down, trample down, as vegetation 7327
*desek PWMP to press down, press together 12242
*desuR PWMP onom. for dull sound 2240
*detdet PWMP packed tightly together 7329

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*dədək PCEMP pound 12065
*dədək PCMP pound 12065

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di


*-di PMP 3p deixis and spatial reference: that, there (distant?) 2259
*-di PWMP 3p deixis and spatial reference: that, there (distant?) 2259
*-di PCEMP 3p deixis and spatial reference: that, there (distant?) 2259
*-di PCMP 3p deixis and spatial reference: that, there (distant?) 2259
*di PAN locative case marker (probably for singular personal names; cf. *da, *du) 8796
*di PMP locative case marker (probably for singular personal names; cf. *da, *du) 8796
*di PWMP locative case marker (probably for singular personal names; cf. *da, *du) 8796
*di hipaR PWMP on the opposite side (esp. of a river) 5296
*di qulu PMP upstream; before 4677
*di qulu PWMP upstream; before 4677
*di qulu PCEMP upstream; before 4677
*di qulu PCMP upstream; before 4677
*dian PMP no, not 2246
*dian PWMP no, not 2246
*dian PCEMP no, not 2246
*dian PCMP no, not 2246
*di-baliw PPH on the opposite side 12311
*di-daya PWMP above, in the interior 7212
*dindiŋ₁ PCMP wall; wall in, screen off 6468
*didis PWMP kind of civet cat 2247
*di-ieq PWMP here 2822
*dikeC PAN sticky, adhesive 2248
*dik(e)lém PPH dark, obscure, cloudy 11413
*diket PMP sticky, adhesive 12072
*diket PWMP sticky, adhesive 12072
*diket PCEMP sticky, adhesive 12072
*diket PCMP sticky, adhesive 12072
*dikén PPH pad placed under cooking pots, loads to carry on the head, etc. 3494
*dikit PAN little, few, small in amount 2249
*dikit PMP little, few, small in amount 2249
*dikit PWMP little, few, small in amount 2249
*dikit PCEMP little, few, small in amount 2249
*dikit PEMP little, few, small in amount 2249
*diŋkit PWMP touching or joined along the length 2266
*dikit dikit PWMP little by little 2250
*di-laki PWMP male, man 7866
*dilam PPH to stick out the tongue 12278
*dilap₁ PMP sparkle, shine 2251
*dilap₁ PWMP sparkle, shine 2251
*dilap₁ PCEMP sparkle, shine 2251
*dilap₁ PCMP sparkle, shine 2251
*dilap₂ PWMP to lick 8097
*dilaq ni buqaya PWMP plant sp. (lit. "crocodile tongue") 2253
*dilaq₁ PAN to lick 7129
*dilaq₁ PMP tongue; tongue of tongue-and-groove joint in carpentry 7130
*dilaq₁ PWMP tongue; tongue of tongue-and-groove joint in carpentry 7130
*dilaq-dilaq PWMP plant sp. (?) 12073
*dilat PWMP to lick 8098
*diláw PPH turmeric; yellow 12134
*dilep PMP flash, sparkle, shine 2254
*dilep PWMP flash, sparkle, shine 2254
*dilep PCEMP flash, sparkle, shine 2254
*dilep PCMP flash, sparkle, shine 2254
*dilep PEMP flash, sparkle, shine 2254
*dilis PPH long-jawed anchovy 12135
*d<in>aŋdaŋ PWMP (what) was warmed by a fire 6968
*di-ni PAN here 3678
*di-ni PMP here 3678
*di-ni PWMP here 3678
*diNaŋ PAN rust 7117
*diŋa PMP to hear, listen 2264
*diŋa PWMP to hear, listen 2264
*diŋa PCEMP to hear, listen 2264
*diŋa PCMP to hear, listen 2264
*diŋan PWMP friend, companion 2263
*diŋdiŋ₁ PMP wall of a house; partition off 6467
*diŋdiŋ₁ PWMP wall of a house; partition off 6467
*diŋdiŋ₁ PCEMP wall of a house; partition off 6467
*diŋdiŋ₁ PEMP wall of a house; partition off 6467
*diŋdiŋ₂ PMP cold 11769
*diŋdiŋ₂ PWMP cold 11769
*diŋdiŋ₂ PCEMP cold 11769
*diŋdiŋ₂ PEMP cold 11769
*diŋdiŋ₂ PSHWNG cold 11769
*diŋeR PMP hear 2265
*diŋeR PWMP hear 2265
*diŋeR PCEMP hear 2265
*diŋeR PCMP hear 2265
*diŋin PMP cold 11577
*diŋin PWMP cold 11577
*diŋin PCEMP cold 11577
*diŋin PCMP cold 11577
*diq PPh particle of negation 3852
*diqaq PMP good 2255
*diqaq PWMP good 2255
*diqaq PCEMP good 2255
*diqaq PCMP good 2255
*diqaq PEMP good 2255
*diqaq POC good 2255
*diqdiq PMP to bubble, as liquid that is starting to boil; to boil, of water 8757
*diqdiq PWMP to bubble, as liquid that is starting to boil; to boil, of water 8757
*diqdiq PCEMP to bubble, as liquid that is starting to boil; to boil, of water 8757
*diqdiq PEMP to bubble, as liquid that is starting to boil; to boil, of water 8757
*diq(e)pit PWMP join, fasten together, probably lengthwise 2267
*diRi PAN to stand 7383
*diRi PMP to stand 7383
*diRi PWMP to stand 7383
*diRi PCEMP to stand 7383
*diRi PCMP to stand 7383
*diRus PAN bathe 7330
*diRus PMP bathe 7330
*diRus PWMP bathe 7330
*diRus PCEMP bathe 7330
*diRus PCMP bathe 7330
*diRus PEMP bathe 7330
*disdis PAN cut, slice 2256
*disdis PMP cut, slice 2256
*disdis PWMP cut, slice 2256
*disdis PCEMP cut, slice 2256
*disúl PPH kind of herb with medicinal value 12191
*ditaq PMP a tree: Alstonia scholaris 2257
*ditaq PWMP a tree: Alstonia scholaris 2257
*ditaq PCEMP a tree: Alstonia scholaris 2257
*ditaq PCMP a tree: Alstonia scholaris 2257
*diteq PAN sticky substance 2258
*diteq PMP sticky substance 2258
*diteq PCEMP sticky substance 2258
*diteq PCMP sticky substance 2258
*di-tu PWMP there (2p) 2171

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di


*dítaq PPH snake venom; plant poison used on tips of arrows 8306

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do


*dodok PCMP to pierce, stab 7729

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dr


*drali POC slitgong 8463
*draRaq POC blood 7206
*drolom POC dark 12067
*droŋan POC with, in conjunction with; companion 6896
*druru POC owl 6933

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du


*du PWMP locative case marker for common nouns (cf. *da, *di) 8799
*dua PAN over there, yonder 7323
*dua-dua PCEMP two by two, two at a time; two each 7911
*dua-dua PCMP two by two, two at a time; two each 7911
*dua-dua PEMP two by two, two at a time; two each 7911
*dudu PMP thunder 2269
*dudu PWMP thunder 2269
*dudu PCEMP thunder 2269
*dudu PCMP thunder 2269
*du-duha PMP (gloss uncertain) 7880
*du-duha PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7880
*dúdun PPh grasshopper, locust 2285
*duduq PWMP breast 2268
*du-duSa PAN (gloss uncertain) 7879
*duduy PPH term of endearment for a little boy 12294
*dug(e)mún PPH lair of a wild pig for giving birth 12161
*duha PMP two 7875
*duha PWMP two 7875
*duha PCEMP two 7875
*duha PCMP two 7875
*duha PEMP two 7875
*duha PSHWNG two 7875
*duha duha₁ PMP two by two, two at a time; two each; both 7910
*duha duha₁ PWMP two by two, two at a time; two each; both 7910
*duha duha₂ PMP doubt, hesitation, uncertainty; to doubt, hesitate, be of two minds 7913
*duha duha₂ PWMP doubt, hesitation, uncertainty; to doubt, hesitate, be of two minds 7913
*duha-an PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7905
*duha-en PMP be divided into two 7907
*duha-en PWMP be divided into two 7907
*duha-i PWMP share the possession of something with someone else; co-wife (?) 7908
*dukduk₁ PAN ginger 6708
*dukduk₂ PPH to pound repeatedly, crush 11982
*duŋkuk PMP hunched over 2283
*duŋkuk PWMP hunched over 2283
*duŋkuk PCEMP hunched over 2283
*duŋkuk PCMP hunched over 2283
*du(ŋ)kuŋ PAN bend, curve 2284
*du(ŋ)kuŋ PMP bend, curve 2284
*du(ŋ)kuŋ PWMP bend, curve 2284
*dukuq PMP bend over, stoop 9350
*dukuq PWMP bend over, stoop 9350
*dukuq PCEMP bend over, stoop 9350
*dukuq PEMP bend over, stoop 9350
*dukut₁ PWMP lonely 2270
*dukut₂ PMP grass 8099
*dukut₂ PWMP grass 8099
*dukut₂ PCEMP grass 8099
*dukut₂ PCMP grass 8099
*dukut-en PWMP be overgrown with grass or weeds 8100
*dulaŋ PPH tray or low table 12106
*dulaq PMP saliva; to spit 7992
*dulaq PWMP saliva; to spit 7992
*dulaq PCEMP saliva; to spit 7992
*dulaq PCMP saliva; to spit 7992
*dulaw PPH yellow, yellowish-brown, as dry leaves 12136
*duldúl PPH to force, achieve by force 8526
*dulem PPH darkening, obscuring of light 12295
*dulit₁ PWMP stick, adhere 2272
*dulit₂ PPH smudge, dirty spot 12315
*duluk PPH to clean up a swidden after burning 12296
*duluŋ PWMP prow of a canoe 11623
*duluR PWMP accompany, go together with 2273
*duma PAN someone; other people; be different 7685
*duma PMP someone; other people; be different 7685
*duma PWMP someone; other people; be different 7685
*d<um>akep PAN to catch, capture; embrace 7079
*d<um>akep PMP to catch, capture; embrace 7079
*d<um>akep PWMP to catch, capture; embrace 7079
*d<um>akiS PAN climb, ascend 6613
*d<um>apuR PPH (gloss uncertain) 8045
*d<um>aRa PWMP in one’s maidenhood 8086
*d<um>ateŋ PWMP to arrive 7988
*d<um>ayuq PPH to distance oneself, move far off 11100
*d<um>eket PWMP to stick to something, adhere 8093
*d<um>eŋeR PWMP to hear 8261
*d<um>epa PWMP to span with outstretched arms, measure in fathoms 7753
*d<um>ilaq PAN to lick 7131
*d<um>ilaq PMP to lick (?) 7132
*d<um>ilaq PWMP to lick (?) 7132
*d<um>uhá PPH (gloss uncertain) 7904
*dumul PWMP touch with the lips (?) 6740
*duniq PWMP rainbow 11475
*dunuŋ PPH knowledge, skill, intelligence 12019
*duŋduŋ PMP sheltered, as from wind, rain, or sun 2282
*duŋduŋ PWMP sheltered, as from wind, rain, or sun 2282
*duŋduŋ PCEMP sheltered, as from wind, rain, or sun 2282
*duŋduŋ PEMP sheltered, as from wind, rain, or sun 2282
*duŋun PWMP a shore tree: Heritiera littoralis 11103
*duŋus PPH snout, nose 12306
*dumpul PMP dull, blunt 2274
*dumpul PWMP dull, blunt 2274
*dumpul PCEMP dull, blunt 2274
*dumpul PCMP dull, blunt 2274
*dura PWMP to shy away, of animals 2275
*durus PWMP slide down 2277
*duRduR PWMP thunder 2276
*duRi PAN thorn 6825
*duRi PMP thorn, splinter, fish bone 6826
*duRi PWMP thorn, splinter, fish bone 6826
*duRi PCEMP thorn, splinter, fish bone 6826
*duRi PCMP thorn, splinter, fish bone 6826
*duRi PEMP thorn, splinter, fish bone 6826
*duRi-an PWMP a tree and its fruit, the durian: Durio zibethinus 12079
*dusuk PMP enter, penetrate 2278
*dusuk PWMP enter, penetrate 2278
*dusuk PCEMP enter, penetrate 2278
*dusuk PCMP enter, penetrate 2278
*duSa PAN two 7874
*duSa duSa PAN two by two, two at a time; two each 7909
*duSa-en PAN be divided into two 7906
*dutdut PMP pluck, pull out 2280
*dutdut PWMP pluck, pull out 2280
*dutdut PCEMP pluck, pull out 2280
*dutdut PEMP pluck, pull out 2280
*duyuŋ₁ PWMP sloping, bent downward 2281
*duyuŋ₂ PMP dugong 7686
*duyuŋ₂ PWMP dugong 7686
*duyuR PPH coconut shell receptacle for food or water 12307

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du


*dúhul PPH to hand something to someone 12192
*dúkut PPH to draw out; to pickpocket someone 9961
*dúlis PPH shooting star, meteor 12137
*dúlit PPH shooting star, meteor 12138
*dúyan PPH swinging cradle for an infant 9132

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Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 4/20/2019
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
D:\Users\Stephen\Documents\Visual Studio 2008\Projects\prjACD\prjACD\bin\Debug\acd-p_d.htm