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Updated: 6/16/2019

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Proto-form indexes: combined

(click on a *proto-form for its cognate set)

 PAN
1696
 PMP
3654
 PWMP
7270
 PPh
1786
 PCEMP
2918
 PCMP
2132
 PEMP
1725
 PSHWNG
431
 POC
2529
combined   
24141

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*g   

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ga


*gambaŋ PWMP valued metal 2469
*gabi PPH taro: Colocasia esculenta 12468
*gaCel PAN itch, feel itchy 7150
*gaduŋ PWMP kind of tuber: Dioscorea spp. 2461
*gae PCMP to hook, gaff 7730
*gaŋgaŋ PWMP heat or dry something near a fire 6505
*gagar PMP brave, plucky 2462
*gagar PWMP brave, plucky 2462
*gagar PCEMP brave, plucky 2462
*gagar PCMP brave, plucky 2462
*gagu PWMP dumb, mute 6741
*gakgak PWMP caw, as a crow; raucous talking of people 8713
*gala PPH the almasiga tree: Agathis celebica (Koord.) 10978
*galamáy PPH finger, toe; tentacles of octopus 12251
*galaŋ-en PPH to show respect for someone 12196
*galiŋgaŋ PWMP a tree: Cassia alata 2463
*galiŋ PWMP to grind, crush by grinding 10480
*galu PMP stir, mix 2465
*galu PWMP stir, mix 2465
*galu PCEMP stir, mix 2465
*galu PCMP stir, mix 2465
*galu PEMP stir, mix 2465
*galu POC stir, mix 2465
*galugaʔ PWMP a plant: Bixa orellana 2464
*galuŋ PWMP curve 2466
*gama POC morning star? 6812
*gamak PWMP feel, hold in the hand 6837
*gamat PWMP plant from which a dyestuff is obtained 2467
*gamaʔ PWMP catch fish or shrimp with the hands 2468
*gamet PWMP edible sea animal or plant 2470
*gamut PPH poison 9885
*gamut-en PPH to poison 9886
*ganas PMP raw energy, animal appetite 2471
*ganas PWMP raw energy, animal appetite 2471
*ganas PCEMP raw energy, animal appetite 2471
*ganas PCMP raw energy, animal appetite 2471
*ganút-en PPH pull up, pull out, as grass or a tooth 12471
*gaŋa PPH to open the mouth 12145
*gapgap PMP stammer 2472
*gapgap PWMP stammer 2472
*gapgap PCEMP stammer 2472
*gapgap PEMP stammer 2472
*ga-pica POC how much?, how many? 8051
*ga(m)puŋ PWMP float 2481
*garaŋ₁ PAN fierce, intense, as of appetite or temper 8842
*garaŋ₁ PMP fierce, intense, as of appetite or temper 8842
*garaŋ₁ PWMP fierce, intense, as of appetite or temper 8842
*garaŋ₂ PMP uneven, of edges, jagged, rough 8843
*garaŋ₂ PWMP uneven, of edges, jagged, rough 8843
*garaŋ₂ PCEMP uneven, of edges, jagged, rough 8843
*garaŋ₂ PCMP uneven, of edges, jagged, rough 8843
*garaŋ-gasaŋ PMP uneven, of edges, jagged, rough 8844
*garaŋ-gasaŋ PWMP uneven, of edges, jagged, rough 8844
*garaŋ-gasaŋ PCEMP uneven, of edges, jagged, rough 8844
*garaŋ-gasaŋ PCMP uneven, of edges, jagged, rough 8844
*garaw-en PPH to move or touch in an agitated or compulsive fashion 8579
*garáw PPH restlessness, wild or unruly movement 8578
*gariŋ PWMP mill or grind 2475
*garis PMP to brush past, rub or scrape against; draw a line 8845
*garis PWMP to brush past, rub or scrape against; draw a line 8845
*garis PCEMP to brush past, rub or scrape against; draw a line 8845
*garis PCMP to brush past, rub or scrape against; draw a line 8845
*garis PEMP to brush past, rub or scrape against; draw a line 8845
*garit PWMP striped, having stripes or streaks of different color 2474
*garu PWMP stir, mix 2476
*garuC PAN comb 8580
*garus PMP scratch 8864
*garus PWMP scratch 8864
*garus PCEMP scratch 8864
*garus PEMP scratch 8864
*garus POC scratch 8864
*garut PMP rub against, scrape, scratch 8581
*garut PWMP rub against, scrape, scratch 8581
*gaRami PWMP rice straw 8377
*gaRaŋ PAN small edible freshwater crab 3069
*gaRaŋ PMP small edible freshwater crab 3069
*gaRaŋ PWMP small edible freshwater crab 3069
*gaRaw PWMP hoarse, raspy (of the voice) 2473
*gaRuk PMP scratch up, scrape up 11484
*gaRuk PWMP scratch up, scrape up 11484
*gaRuk PCEMP scratch up, scrape up 11484
*gaRuk PEMP scratch up, scrape up 11484
*gaRuk PSHWNG scratch up, scrape up 11484
*gasgas PWMP rub, abrade 2477
*gasiŋ PWMP spinning top 8865
*gasiŋ-an PWMP spinning top 8866
*gatak PWMP cleave, split 2478
*gatel PMP itch, feel itchy; sexually stimulated 7151
*gatel PWMP itch, feel itchy; sexually stimulated 7151
*gatel PCEMP itch, feel itchy; sexually stimulated 7151
*gatel PCMP itch, feel itchy; sexually stimulated 7151
*gatel-en PWMP be affected by itching, be infected with scabies or other itchy skin disorders 7155
*gateq PWMP sap, resin, sticky secretion 2479
*ganti PWMP to replace, substitute for; to return in kind something given or done 12219
*ganti-an PWMP (gloss uncertain) 12220
*ga(n)tuk PMP knock against, of body parts 2482
*ga(n)tuk PWMP knock against, of body parts 2482
*ga(n)tuk PCEMP knock against, of body parts 2482
*ga(n)tuk PCMP knock against, of body parts 2482
*gatuŋ PPH firewood 12146
*gaut PWMP to scratch 2480
*gawaŋ PWMP gate, opening 6840
*gaway₁ PMP tentacles of octopus, squid, jellyfish, etc. 6472
*gaway₁ PWMP tentacles of octopus, squid, jellyfish, etc. 6472
*gaway₁ PCEMP tentacles of octopus, squid, jellyfish, etc. 6472
*gaway₁ PEMP tentacles of octopus, squid, jellyfish, etc. 6472
*gaway₂ PWMP religious feast, festivity 12210
*gawed PPH betel pepper 10979
*gayam PMP a tree: Inocarpus spp., possibly the Tahitian chestnut: Inocarpus edulis 8451
*gayam PWMP a tree: Inocarpus spp., possibly the Tahitian chestnut: Inocarpus edulis 8451
*gayam PCEMP a tree: Inocarpus spp., possibly the Tahitian chestnut: Inocarpus edulis 8451
*gayam PCMP a tree: Inocarpus spp., possibly the Tahitian chestnut: Inocarpus edulis 8451
*gayaŋ PAN hunting spear 7611
*gayaŋ PMP hunting spear 7611
*gayaŋ PWMP hunting spear 7611
*gayák PPH to plan, prepare to do something 12316
*gayuŋ-gayuŋ PPH kind of seaweed 12472

ga    ga    ge    gi    gi    go    gu    gu    

ga


*gábut PPH to pull out or up 12469
*gálaŋ PPH respect, reverence 12193
*gámit PPH to use 12415
*gánut PPH pull up, pull out, as grass or a tooth 12470
*gápas PPH sickle; to harvest rice with a sickle 12197
*gáqud PPH oar; to row a boat 12162
*gásaŋ PPH coral 12221
*gáyat PPH to slice into thin strips, as meat or vegetables 11689

ga    ga    ge    gi    gi    go    gu    gu    

ge


*gebáq PPH to destroy, demolish 12163
*geCel PAN to pinch 9002
*gedek PMP sound of sob 2483
*gedek PWMP sound of sob 2483
*gedek PCEMP sound of sob 2483
*gedek PCMP sound of sob 2483
*gek PWMP sound of a thud 2485
*gekgek PMP animal sound 2484
*gekgek PWMP animal sound 2484
*gekgek PCEMP animal sound 2484
*gekgek PEMP animal sound 2484
*gekgek PSHWNG animal sound 2484
*gelaŋ PWMP earthworm; intestinal worm 2487
*gelap₁ PMP lightning that strikes something 2486
*gelap₁ PWMP lightning that strikes something 2486
*gelap₁ PCEMP lightning that strikes something 2486
*gelap₁ PCMP lightning that strikes something 2486
*gelap₂ PWMP storm, darkness 8867
*gelem PWMP dark, overcast, cloudy 8901
*geleŋ PWMP cut off, sever; ring a tree 2488
*gem PMP hold in the fist 2494
*gem PWMP hold in the fist 2494
*gem PCEMP hold in the fist 2494
*gem PEMP hold in the fist 2494
*gem POC hold in the fist 2494
*gemel PAN take in the hand, clasp, grasp 2489
*gemel PMP take in the hand, clasp, grasp 2489
*gemel PWMP take in the hand, clasp, grasp 2489
*gemel PCEMP take in the hand, clasp, grasp 2489
*gemel PEMP take in the hand, clasp, grasp 2489
*gemes₁ PWMP angry, irritated 2490
*gemes₂ PWMP want, desire 2491
*gemgem PAN fist; hold in the fist 7612
*gemgem PMP fist; hold in the fist 7612
*gemgem PWMP fist; hold in the fist 7612
*gemgem PCEMP fist; hold in the fist 7612
*gemgem PEMP fist; hold in the fist 7612
*gemi PMP suckerfish, remora: Echineis naucrates; hold on by biting’ 2492
*gemi PWMP suckerfish, remora: Echineis naucrates; hold on by biting’ 2492
*gemi PCEMP suckerfish, remora: Echineis naucrates; hold on by biting’ 2492
*gemi PCMP suckerfish, remora: Echineis naucrates; hold on by biting’ 2492
*gemi PEMP suckerfish, remora: Echineis naucrates; hold on by biting’ 2492
*geneŋ PWMP dwell, reside 2495
*genep PWMP complete; even (of numbers) 8868
*genep-i PWMP to complete something 8877
*geŋ PMP dull resounding sound 2512
*geŋ PWMP dull resounding sound 2512
*geŋ PCEMP dull resounding sound 2512
*geŋ PCMP dull resounding sound 2512
*gempal PWMP lump, clod 2493
*gepik PMP sound of light smacking 2496
*gepik PWMP sound of light smacking 2496
*gepik PCEMP sound of light smacking 2496
*gepik PCMP sound of light smacking 2496
*gepit PMP pinch, squeeze between 2497
*gepit PWMP pinch, squeeze between 2497
*gepit PCEMP pinch, squeeze between 2497
*gepit PCMP pinch, squeeze between 2497
*ger PMP sound of a grunt, etc. 2505
*ger PWMP sound of a grunt, etc. 2505
*ger PCEMP sound of a grunt, etc. 2505
*ger PCMP sound of a grunt, etc. 2505
*geraq PWMP misfortune, catastrophe 2498
*gereC PAN slit an animal's throat 2500
*gereC PMP slit an animal's throat 2500
*gereC PWMP slit an animal's throat 2500
*geret PMP notch, groove 2499
*geret PWMP notch, groove 2499
*geret PCEMP notch, groove 2499
*geret PEMP notch, groove 2499
*gerger₁ PAN shake, shiver, tremble 2501
*gerger₁ PMP shake, shiver, tremble 2501
*gerger₁ PWMP shake, shiver, tremble 2501
*gerger₁ PCEMP shake, shiver, tremble 2501
*gerger₁ PCMP shake, shiver, tremble 2501
*gerger₂ PWMP to imprint, leave a temporary mark 2502
*geriC PAN sound of ripping, gnawing, etc. 2503
*gerit PMP sound of scraping or scratching 12029
*gerit PWMP sound of scraping or scratching 12029
*gerit PCEMP sound of scraping or scratching 12029
*gerit PCMP sound of scraping or scratching 12029
*gerit PEMP sound of scraping or scratching 12029
*gerit POC sound of scraping or scratching 12029
*geRuŋ PWMP rumbling or low murmuring sound 2504
*ges PWMP dull sound 2507
*gesaq PWMP restless 2506
*ge(s)ges PMP shiver 2511
*ge(s)ges PWMP shiver 2511
*ge(s)ges PCEMP shiver 2511
*ge(s)ges PCMP shiver 2511
*getak PWMP cleave, split 9354
*getel PMP to pinch 9003
*getel PWMP to pinch 9003
*geteŋ PWMP taut 2508
*geteq PWMP sap, gummy secretion 8219
*getes PMP to snap, break off, as a twig 10070
*getes PWMP to snap, break off, as a twig 10070
*getes PCEMP to snap, break off, as a twig 10070
*getes PEMP to snap, break off, as a twig 10070
*getget₁ PWMP nibble, gnaw; moth 8714
*getget₂ PPH line, groove, mark made by cutting 8715
*getik PMP spotted, striped 10072
*getik PWMP spotted, striped 10072
*getik PCEMP spotted, striped 10072
*getik PEMP spotted, striped 10072
*getil PAN to pinch 9004
*getil PMP to pinch 9004
*getil PWMP to pinch 9004
*getuk PWMP knock, pound on 2509
*getus PWMP snap, break, as a string 2510

ga    ga    ge    gi    gi    go    gu    gu    

gi


*giak PWMP to bark, as a hunting dog; shouting 8220
*gian PWMP addicted to 6839
*giaw PPH shouting; to shout 8221
*gimbal PWMP drum 8236
*gidgíd PPH rub something off 8222
*gidik PMP to tickle 2513
*gidik PWMP to tickle 2513
*gidik PCEMP to tickle 2513
*gidik PEMP to tickle 2513
*gigil PMP shiver, tremble 8263
*gigil PWMP shiver, tremble 8263
*gigil PCEMP shiver, tremble 8263
*gigil PCMP shiver, tremble 8263
*giŋgiŋ PAN cold, shivering 8237
*giŋgiŋ PMP cold, shivering 8237
*giŋgiŋ PWMP cold, shivering 8237
*gigir PWMP apprehensive, fearful 8235
*gigut PWMP to bite 8873
*gikgik PMP titter, giggle 2514
*gikgik PWMP titter, giggle 2514
*gikgik PCEMP titter, giggle 2514
*gikgik PCMP titter, giggle 2514
*gila PMP wild; skittish; insane 6506
*gila PWMP wild; skittish; insane 6506
*gila PCEMP wild; skittish; insane 6506
*gila PCMP wild; skittish; insane 6506
*gila PEMP wild; skittish; insane 6506
*gila-gila PMP wild; insane 6507
*gila-gila PWMP wild; insane 6507
*gila-gila PCEMP wild; insane 6507
*gila-gila PEMP wild; insane 6507
*gilak PMP shine, glitter 2515
*gilak PWMP shine, glitter 2515
*gilak PCEMP shine, glitter 2515
*gilak PCMP shine, glitter 2515
*gilaŋ PWMP radiance 8223
*gilap PMP radiance 8224
*gilap PWMP radiance 8224
*gilap PCEMP radiance 8224
*gilap PCMP radiance 8224
*gilaw PWMP gleaming, luminous 2516
*gilek PWMP ticklish sensation 8227
*giliŋ PMP to grind, as by rolling over 8228
*giliŋ PWMP to grind, as by rolling over 8228
*giliŋ PCEMP to grind, as by rolling over 8228
*giliŋ PCMP to grind, as by rolling over 8228
*giliŋ-an PWMP grinding stone, place where foods are ground up or instrument for grinding them 8233
*giliŋ-en PWMP to grind, be ground up by someone 8234
*ginelaw PWMP dazzling light 11178
*g<in>iliŋ PPH what is ground up, what is produced by twisting around or grinding 8231
*gi(n)tik PMP tap or beat lightly on 2522
*gi(n)tik PWMP tap or beat lightly on 2522
*gi(n)tik PCEMP tap or beat lightly on 2522
*gi(n)tik PEMP tap or beat lightly on 2522
*gimpis PPH crush between weights; press out 8238
*gipit PMP narrow, tight, confined 8239
*gipit PWMP narrow, tight, confined 8239
*gipit PCEMP narrow, tight, confined 8239
*gipit PCMP narrow, tight, confined 8239
*giqed PWMP zeal, ardor; industrious, keen 8226
*giret PWMP encircling article of clothing or adornment 8241
*girgir PWMP shiver, tremble 2517
*giri PMP to tickle 2518
*giri PWMP to tickle 2518
*giri PCEMP to tickle 2518
*giri PEMP to tickle 2518
*giRiŋ PAN ringing sound 2519
*giRiŋ PMP ringing sound 2519
*giRiŋ PWMP ringing sound 2519
*gisgis₁ PAN rub, scrape against 2520
*gisgis₁ PMP rub, scrape against 2520
*gisgis₁ PWMP rub, scrape against 2520
*gisgis₁ PCEMP rub, scrape against 2520
*gisgis₁ PCMP rub, scrape against 2520
*gisgis₂ PWMP tear off, break off 2521
*gitgit PWMP to nibble, chew at 8872
*gitik PWMP to tickle 8242
*gintil PMP pimple 8240
*gintil PWMP pimple 8240
*gintil PCEMP pimple 8240
*gintil PCMP pimple 8240
*giwaŋ PPH gap, open space, breach 8243
*giwaq PWMP sway, shake, wiggle 8244

ga    ga    ge    gi    gi    go    gu    gu    

gi


*gílij PPH side, edge 12207

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go


*gomol POC squeeze, hold tight, clutch 9355
*gomol POC squeeze, hold tight, clutch 9357
*gomuR POC to hold liquid in the mouth; to gargle 9968

ga    ga    ge    gi    gi    go    gu    gu    

gu


*-gu POC 1sg possessive pronoun; my 8771
*guam-en PWMP have a thrush or stomatitits infection 7491
*gubát PPH to attack, go to war 11666
*guCguC PAN pluck, pull out 2523
*guŋguŋ PAN deep resounding sound 2537
*guŋguŋ PMP deep resounding sound 2537
*guŋguŋ PWMP deep resounding sound 2537
*guham PMP a fungal disease of the oral tract: thrush 7490
*guham PWMP a fungal disease of the oral tract: thrush 7490
*gulamay PPH finger, toe; tentacles of octopus 12252
*gulay PWMP vegetable 12147
*gulay-an PPH (gloss uncertain) 12148
*gulay-en PPH to cook vegetables 12149
*guláman PPH gelatin, agar-agar 12164
*g<um>aruC PAN to comb 8583
*g<um>arut PMP to rub against, scrape, scratch 8584
*g<um>arut PWMP to rub against, scrape, scratch 8584
*g<um>atel PWMP to itch, begin to itch 7154
*g<um>enep PWMP become complete 8871
*gumi PMP moustache, beard 7999
*gumi PWMP moustache, beard 7999
*gumi PCEMP moustache, beard 7999
*gumi PEMP moustache, beard 7999
*g<um>ilap PWMP to flash, sparkle 8225
*g<um>iliŋ PWMP to turn, roll over; grind up 8232
*gumis PWMP moustache, beard 8000
*gu(m)pit PWMP pinch together; narrow 2538
*gumul PWMP wrestle, grapple with 2525
*gumuN PAN body hair 8876
*gunay PPH movement; to move 10963
*gu(n)dem PMP overcast, darkened 2539
*gu(n)dem PWMP overcast, darkened 2539
*gu(n)dem PCEMP overcast, darkened 2539
*gu(n)dem PEMP overcast, darkened 2539
*gur PMP purring sound 2530
*gur PWMP purring sound 2530
*gur PCEMP purring sound 2530
*gur PCMP purring sound 2530
*gurat POC a tree with roots that furnish a red dye: Morinda citrifolia 9851
*gurgur₁ PAN sound of boiling water 2526
*gurgur₁ PMP sound of boiling water 2526
*gurgur₁ PWMP sound of boiling water 2526
*gurgur₂ PWMP to shake 2527
*guris PWMP line; scratch a line 8265
*gurit PMP to scratch; sound of scratching 11072
*gurit PWMP to scratch; sound of scratching 11072
*guru PMP noise, tumult 2529
*guru PWMP noise, tumult 2529
*guru PCEMP noise, tumult 2529
*guru PEMP noise, tumult 2529
*guru POC noise, tumult 2529
*guru POC noise, tumult 9359
*gurumut PWMP swarm around 2528
*guruq PMP noise, tumult 9358
*guruq PWMP noise, tumult 9358
*guruq PCEMP noise, tumult 9358
*guruq PEMP noise, tumult 9358
*guRiCa PAN octopus 7148
*guRun PMP sword grass, Imperata cylindrica 10161
*guRun PWMP sword grass, Imperata cylindrica 10161
*guRun PCEMP sword grass, Imperata cylindrica 10161
*guRun PEMP sword grass, Imperata cylindrica 10161
*guRun POC sword grass: Imperata cylindrica 11260
*guRuŋ POC deep rumbling sound; thunder 8680
*gusgus PMP scratch, rub 2531
*gusgus PWMP scratch, rub 2531
*gusgus PCEMP scratch, rub 2531
*gusgus PEMP scratch, rub 2531
*gusi PAN gums 2532
*gusi PMP gums 2532
*gusi PWMP gums 2532
*gusut PWMP tangled, confused, complicated 2533
*guSam PAN a fungal disease of the oral tract: thrush 7489
*gut PWMP scrape 2534
*gutgut₁ PAN front teeth, incisors 2524
*gutgut₁ PMP front teeth, incisors; gnaw, to bite or tear off with the incisors 7300
*gutgut₁ PWMP front teeth, incisors; gnaw, to bite or tear off with the incisors 7300
*gutgut₂ PMP pluck, pull out 12035
*gutgut₂ PWMP pluck, pull out 12035
*guyaq PWMP shake, sway 2535
*guyeŋ PWMP shake, sway 2536
*guyud₁ PPH banana sp. 11104
*guyud₂ PPH rice variety 11105
*guyuŋ PWMP shake, sway 9360

ga    ga    ge    gi    gi    go    gu    gu    

gu


*gúguq PPH a tree with bark that can be used as a shampoo: Ganphyllum falcatum Bl. 12198
*gúlis PPH line, scratch, furrow 8878

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Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 6/16/2019
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
D:\Users\Stephen\Documents\Visual Studio 2008\Projects\prjACD\prjACD\bin\Debug\acd-p_g.htm