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Updated: 6/9/2019

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Proto-form indexes: combined

(click on a *proto-form for its cognate set)

 PAN
1696
 PMP
3654
 PWMP
7271
 PPh
1764
 PCEMP
2918
 PCMP
2132
 PEMP
1725
 PSHWNG
431
 POC
2529
combined   
24120

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*ŋ   

ŋa    ŋe    ŋi    ŋo    ŋu    

ŋa


*ŋa PMP linker for multiples of ten 8563
*ŋa PWMP linker for multiples of ten 8563
*ŋa PCEMP linker for multiples of ten 8563
*ŋa PCMP linker for multiples of ten 8563
*ŋa PEMP linker for multiples of ten 8563
*ŋa POC linker for multiples of ten 8563
*ŋ-abaŋ PWMP make a gutter, ditch, or channel 13
*ŋabŋab PAN bite off the surface of something 6040
*ŋabŋab PMP bite off the surface of something 6040
*ŋabŋab PWMP bite off the surface of something 6040
*ŋacan POC name 7495
*ŋadaq PWMP look upward 8552
*ŋadas PMP palate 8544
*ŋadas PWMP palate 8544
*ŋadas PCEMP palate 8544
*ŋadas PCMP palate 8544
*ŋadas PEMP palate 8544
*ŋadasₐ POC gums 8545
*ŋa-ijan PMP when? 2829
*ŋa-ijan PWMP when? 2829
*ŋa-ijan PCEMP when? 2829
*ŋa-ijan PEMP when? 2829
*ŋa-ijan POC when? 2829
*ŋajan PAN name 7493
*ŋajan PMP name 7494
*ŋajan PWMP name 7494
*ŋajan PCEMP name 7494
*ŋajan PCMP name 7494
*ŋajan PEMP name 7494
*ŋajan PSHWNG name 7494
*ŋajan-an PWMP to give a name to someone or something 7501
*ŋajay PAN saliva, drivel 10991
*ŋajay PMP saliva, drivel 10991
*ŋajay PWMP saliva, drivel 10991
*ŋajes PPH gums 12444
*ŋak PMP raucous sound 6041
*ŋak PWMP raucous sound 6041
*ŋak PCEMP raucous sound 6041
*ŋak PCMP raucous sound 6041
*ŋak PEMP raucous sound 6041
*ŋak POC raucous sound 6041
*ŋakŋak PMP raucous sound 6042
*ŋakŋak PWMP raucous sound 6042
*ŋa-lamud PWMP to mix together, as ingredients in cooking 11509
*ŋali-ŋali POC move about in restless anger 8521
*ŋalŋal PAN to chew, masticate 8764
*ŋalŋal PMP to chew, masticate 8764
*ŋalŋal PWMP to chew, masticate 8764
*ŋalŋál PPH cry out, bellow, moan 12261
*ŋalu POC wave, breaker (?) 6816
*ŋa-lumut PWMP to form moss on something 7758
*ŋani PPH indeed; interjection expressing validity to an interlocutor 8553
*ŋaniq PPH even 8554
*ŋaŋ PMP inarticulate sound 6050
*ŋaŋ PWMP inarticulate sound 6050
*ŋaŋ PCEMP inarticulate sound 6050
*ŋaŋ PEMP inarticulate sound 6050
*ŋaŋ POC inarticulate sound 6050
*ŋaŋa₁ POC bitter, poisonous 7406
*ŋaŋa₂ PAN open the mouth 7984
*ŋaŋa₂ PMP open the mouth wide, gape; gaping; opening of a bubu fish trap, basket, etc. 7985
*ŋaŋa₂ PWMP open the mouth wide, gape; gaping; opening of a bubu fish trap, basket, etc. 7985
*ŋaŋa₂ PCEMP open the mouth wide, gape; gaping; opening of a bubu fish trap, basket, etc. 7985
*ŋaŋa₂ PCMP open the mouth wide, gape; gaping; opening of a bubu fish trap, basket, etc. 7985
*ŋaŋa₂ PEMP open the mouth wide, gape; gaping; opening of a bubu fish trap, basket, etc. 7985
*ŋaŋa₂ POC open the mouth wide, gape; gaping; opening of a bubu fish trap, basket, etc. 7985
*ŋaŋak PCEMP raucous sound 11924
*ŋaŋak PEMP raucous sound 11924
*ŋaŋak POC raucous sound 11924
*ŋaŋaŋ PCEMP inarticulate sound 11925
*ŋaŋaŋ PCMP inarticulate sound 11925
*ŋaŋaŋ PEMP inarticulate sound 11925
*ŋaŋaŋ POC inarticulate sound 11925
*ŋaŋar PCEMP fragment, piece of something 11926
*ŋaŋar PCMP fragment, piece of something 11926
*ŋaŋas PCEMP chew something tough, as sugarcane 11927
*ŋaŋas PEMP chew something tough, as sugarcane 11927
*ŋaŋas POC chew something tough, as sugarcane 11927
*ŋa(ŋ)ŋaŋ PMP inarticulate sound 6052
*ŋa(ŋ)ŋaŋ PWMP inarticulate sound 6052
*ŋapa POC fathom 7762
*ŋaqŋaq₁ PWMP open the mouth, gape 10935
*ŋaqŋaq₂ PPH to chew betel 12298
*ŋara POC complain loudly 7551
*ŋarŋar PMP fragment, split-off piece 6047
*ŋarŋar PWMP fragment, split-off piece 6047
*ŋaRaq PMP wild duck 6045
*ŋaRaq PWMP wild duck 6045
*ŋaRaq PCEMP wild duck 6045
*ŋaRaq PCMP wild duck 6045
*ŋaRaq PEMP wild duck 6045
*ŋaRaq POC wild duck 6045
*ŋasŋas PMP crush with the teeth 6048
*ŋasŋas PWMP crush with the teeth 6048
*ŋata POC hole, hollow 11414
*ŋatŋat PWMP to chew off 8765
*ŋatu PPH above, on top 10971
*ŋau₁ POC to chew, chew off 6807
*ŋau₂ POC 1sg.: I 95
*ŋau₃ POC to hit, strike 9119
*ŋau-ŋau POC to chew 6808
*ŋawŋaw PAN sound produced by an animal; unintelligible muttering of a person 8594
*ŋawŋaw PMP sound produced by an animal; unintelligible muttering of a person 8594
*ŋawŋaw PWMP sound produced by an animal; unintelligible muttering of a person 8594
*ŋayaw PAN headhunting 6526
*ŋazel PWMP dull, blunt 8874

ŋa    ŋe    ŋi    ŋo    ŋu    

ŋe


*ŋeCŋeC PAN gnash the teeth 8147
*ŋeCŋeC PMP gnash the teeth 8147
*ŋeCŋeC PWMP gnash the teeth 8147
*ŋeCŋeC PCEMP gnash the teeth 8147
*ŋeCŋeC PEMP gnash the teeth 8147
*ŋek PMP grunt 6054
*ŋek PWMP grunt 6054
*ŋek PCEMP grunt 6054
*ŋek PCMP grunt 6054
*ŋek PEMP grunt 6054
*ŋekŋek PMP mumble, etc. 6055
*ŋekŋek PWMP mumble, etc. 6055
*ŋekŋek PCEMP mumble, etc. 6055
*ŋekŋek PEMP mumble, etc. 6055
*ŋeni PMP beg, ask for 6056
*ŋeni PWMP beg, ask for 6056
*ŋeni PCEMP beg, ask for 6056
*ŋeni PEMP beg, ask for 6056
*ŋeŋ PMP buzz, hum 6059
*ŋeŋ PWMP buzz, hum 6059
*ŋeŋ PCEMP buzz, hum 6059
*ŋeŋ PCMP buzz, hum 6059
*ŋeŋe POC to shout, to argue with 7552
*ŋeŋeŋ PMP buzz, hum 6060
*ŋeŋeŋ PWMP buzz, hum 6060
*ŋeŋeŋ PCEMP buzz, hum 6060
*ŋeŋeŋ PEMP buzz, hum 6060
*ŋerŋer PAN growl 8546
*ŋerŋer PMP growl 8546
*ŋerŋer PWMP growl 8546
*ŋesŋes PAN to pant, be out of breath 8555
*ŋesŋes PMP to pant, be out of breath 8555
*ŋesŋes PWMP to pant, be out of breath 8555
*ŋ-etek PWMP knock lightly 2420
*ŋetŋet PAN gnaw, nibble 8556
*ŋetŋet PMP gnaw, nibble 8556
*ŋetŋet PWMP gnaw, nibble 8556
*ŋetŋet PCEMP gnaw, nibble 8556
*ŋetŋet PEMP gnaw, nibble 8556

ŋa    ŋe    ŋi    ŋo    ŋu    

ŋi


*ŋiak PWMP cry loudly 6062
*ŋiaŋ PWMP whine 6063
*ŋiaw PWMP meow of a cat 11681
*ŋiCŋiC PAN show annoyance or irritation 8595
*ŋidam PWMP cravings of a pregnant woman 6064
*ŋidaw PAN toothless 8564
*ŋidaw PMP toothless 8564
*ŋidaw PWMP toothless 8564
*ŋijuŋ PMP nose 6065
*ŋijuŋ PWMP nose 6065
*ŋijuŋ PCEMP nose 6065
*ŋijuŋ PCMP nose 6065
*ŋik PMP squeal, screech, shriek, etc. 6066
*ŋik PWMP squeal, screech, shriek, etc. 6066
*ŋik PCEMP squeal, screech, shriek, etc. 6066
*ŋik PEMP squeal, screech, shriek, etc. 6066
*ŋik POC squeal, screech, shriek, etc. 6066
*ŋikŋik PMP squeal, screech, shriek, etc. 6067
*ŋikŋik PWMP squeal, screech, shriek, etc. 6067
*ŋikŋik PCEMP squeal, screech, shriek, etc. 6067
*ŋikŋik PEMP squeal, screech, shriek, etc. 6067
*ŋikŋik POC squeal, screech, shriek, etc. 6067
*ŋilu PAN painful sensation in teeth, as from eating something sour 7503
*ŋilu PMP painful sensation in teeth, as from eating something sour 7503
*ŋilu PWMP painful sensation in teeth, as from eating something sour 7503
*ŋilu PCEMP painful sensation in teeth, as from eating something sour 7503
*ŋilu PCMP painful sensation in teeth, as from eating something sour 7503
*ŋilu-an PWMP have a painful feeling in the teeth, as when eating something very sour or cold, or hearing a screeching or scratching sound 7506
*ŋina PPH price, worth, cost 10973
*ŋiŋ PMP buzz, hum 6072
*ŋiŋ PWMP buzz, hum 6072
*ŋiŋ PCEMP buzz, hum 6072
*ŋiŋ PEMP buzz, hum 6072
*ŋiŋ POC buzz, hum 6072
*ŋiŋi PWMP grin, show the teeth 6071
*ŋiŋik POC high-pitched cry 11932
*ŋi(ŋ)ŋiŋ PMP buzz, hum 6073
*ŋi(ŋ)ŋiŋ PWMP buzz, hum 6073
*ŋiŋiŋ POC buzz, hum 11933
*ŋiŋis POC grin, show the teeth 8108
*ŋipen PAN tooth 7138
*ŋipen PMP tooth 7138
*ŋipen PWMP tooth 7138
*ŋipen PCEMP tooth 7138
*ŋipen PCMP tooth 7138
*ŋipen PEMP tooth 7138
*ŋipon POC tooth 7139
*ŋiqik PWMP to scream, of an animal 6068
*ŋ-irid PWMP to pull, draw, drag 2955
*ŋisa POC name 12299
*ŋisi PMP to grin, show the teeth 7107
*ŋisi PWMP to grin, show the teeth 7107
*ŋisi PCEMP to grin, show the teeth 7107
*ŋisi PCMP to grin, show the teeth 7107
*ŋisi PEMP to grin, show the teeth 7107
*ŋisi POC to grin, show the teeth 7107
*ŋisŋis₁ PMP grin, show the teeth 6069
*ŋisŋis₁ PWMP grin, show the teeth 6069
*ŋisŋis₁ PCEMP grin, show the teeth 6069
*ŋisŋis₁ PCMP grin, show the teeth 6069
*ŋisŋis₁ PEMP grin, show the teeth 6069
*ŋisŋis₂ PPH high-pitched vocalization 12212
*ŋiSŋiS PAN beard 6683
*ŋitŋit₁ PAN gnaw 6070
*ŋitŋit₁ PMP gnaw 6070
*ŋitŋit₁ PWMP gnaw 6070
*ŋitŋit₂ PMP annoyance, irritation 8596
*ŋitŋit₂ PWMP annoyance, irritation 8596
*ŋitŋit₃ PPH pitch black, as a moonless night 12366

ŋa    ŋe    ŋi    ŋo    ŋu    

ŋo


*ŋok POC grunt 11928
*ŋoni POC beg, ask for 11930
*ŋoŋok POC breath loudly, snore 11929
*ŋoŋoŋ POC hoot, as an owl 11931
*ŋoŋot-(i) POC to gnaw, nibble 8593
*ŋoŋot-i POC to gnaw, nibble 8148

ŋa    ŋe    ŋi    ŋo    ŋu    

ŋu


*ŋuda PMP young, of plants 6091
*ŋuda PWMP young, of plants 6091
*ŋuda PCEMP young, of plants 6091
*ŋuda PCMP young, of plants 6091
*ŋuhed PPH young, immature, primarily of plants 11650
*ŋuhuR PMP nasal mucus 7162
*ŋuhuR PWMP nasal mucus 7162
*ŋuk PMP grunt, moan, etc. 6092
*ŋuk PWMP grunt, moan, etc. 6092
*ŋuk PCEMP grunt, moan, etc. 6092
*ŋuk PEMP grunt, moan, etc. 6092
*ŋuk POC grunt, moan, etc. 6092
*ŋukŋuk PMP grunt, moan, etc. 6093
*ŋukŋuk PWMP grunt, moan, etc. 6093
*ŋukŋuk PCEMP grunt, moan, etc. 6093
*ŋukŋuk PEMP grunt, moan, etc. 6093
*ŋulŋul₁ PMP arthritic or rheumatic pain 6094
*ŋulŋul₁ PWMP arthritic or rheumatic pain 6094
*ŋulŋul₁ PCEMP arthritic or rheumatic pain 6094
*ŋulŋul₁ PEMP arthritic or rheumatic pain 6094
*ŋulŋul₂ PWMP to wail, cry out in grief 8597
*ŋuŋ PMP buzz, hum 6100
*ŋuŋ PWMP buzz, hum 6100
*ŋuŋ PCEMP buzz, hum 6100
*ŋuŋ PEMP buzz, hum 6100
*ŋuŋ POC buzz, hum 6100
*ŋu(ŋ)ŋuŋ PMP buzz, hum 6101
*ŋu(ŋ)ŋuŋ PWMP buzz, hum 6101
*ŋuŋuk POC grunt, moan 11934
*ŋuŋul POC arthritic or rheumatic pain 11935
*ŋuŋuŋ PCEMP buzz, hum 11936
*ŋuŋuŋ PCMP buzz, hum 11936
*ŋuŋuŋ PEMP buzz, hum 11936
*ŋuŋuŋ POC buzz, hum 11936
*ŋuŋut POC painful; to pain 7036
*ŋuru POC to growl, as a dog 8756
*ŋurut PMP growl, whine 6095
*ŋurut PWMP growl, whine 6095
*ŋurut PCEMP growl, whine 6095
*ŋurut PEMP growl, whine 6095
*ŋuRuR POC to moan, groan, grunt 6889
*ŋusŋus PAN to snore, growl, grunt 8598
*ŋusŋus PMP to snore, growl, grunt 8598
*ŋusŋus PWMP to snore, growl, grunt 8598
*ŋusŋús PPH to grate, scour, rub hard on something 12086
*ŋusuq PAN nasal area; snout 7553
*ŋusuq PMP nasal area; snout 7553
*ŋusuq PWMP nasal area; snout 7553
*ŋusuq PCEMP nasal area; snout 7553
*ŋusuq PCMP nasal area; snout 7553
*ŋusuq PEMP nasal area; snout 7553
*ŋusuq POC nasal area; snout 7553
*ŋuSuN PAN nosebleed 6589
*ŋuSuR PAN nasal mucus 6674
*ŋutŋut₁ PWMP mumble, whimper 6097
*ŋutŋut₂ PMP throbbing pain 7035
*ŋutŋut₂ PWMP throbbing pain 7035
*ŋutŋut₂ PCEMP throbbing pain 7035
*ŋutŋut₂ PEMP throbbing pain 7035
*ŋutŋut₃ PWMP to smoulder, of a fire 8599
*ŋutŋut-en PPH to chew or gnaw on something 10975
*ŋutŋút PPH to gnaw 10974
*ŋutu POC louse 7654
*ŋuyaq PWMP to chew, masticate 8766
*ŋuy(e)qa PWMP vex, torment 6098
*ŋuyŋuy PPH whine, whimper, as a child 6099

ŋa    ŋe    ŋi    ŋo    ŋu    

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Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 6/9/2019
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
D:\Users\Stephen\Documents\Visual Studio 2008\Projects\prjACD\prjACD\bin\Debug\acd-p_n4.htm