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Updated: 4/20/2019

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Proto-form indexes: combined

(click on a *proto-form for its cognate set)

 PAN
1696
 PMP
3651
 PWMP
7267
 PPh
1723
 PCEMP
2917
 PCMP
2130
 PEMP
1723
 PSHWNG
429
 POC
2530
 PPH (3A)
1
combined   
24067

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*r   

ra    re    ri    ro    ru    ru    

ra


*rambayuŋ PWMP plant sp. 4816
*ra(m)bek PMP strike, break 4850
*ra(m)bek PWMP strike, break 4850
*ra(m)bek PCEMP strike, break 4850
*ra(m)bek PEMP strike, break 4850
*ra(m)bek POC strike, break 4850
*ra(m)bit PWMP hook together 4851
*ra(m)buk PMP knock, pound, beat 4852
*ra(m)buk PWMP knock, pound, beat 4852
*ra(m)buk PCEMP knock, pound, beat 4852
*ra(m)buk PEMP knock, pound, beat 4852
*ra(m)buk POC knock, pound, beat 4852
*rambuk PMP knock, pound, beat 11497
*rambuk PWMP knock, pound, beat 11497
*rambuk PCEMP knock, pound, beat 11497
*rambuk PEMP knock, pound, beat 11497
*rabuk POC knock, pound, beat 11498
*rabut PWMP struggle in rage 4807
*radam PWMP poor, of vision 4809
*ragecik PWMP splash, spatter 11184
*ragepak PWMP slap, sound of collision 11186
*rago POC to stick, adhere 12057
*raŋgut PWMP snatch at, pull with a jerk 4843
*ra-ina PMP mother 2900
*ra-ina PWMP mother 2900
*ra-ina PCEMP mother 2900
*ra-ina PCMP mother 2900
*rajup PWMP stitch, join 4811
*raŋkaŋ PWMP forked, as a branch 4845
*rakaq PMP open 4812
*rakaq PWMP open 4812
*rakaq PCEMP open 4812
*rakaq PEMP open 4812
*rakaq POC open 4812
*rakat PAN walk 4813
*rakat PMP walk 4813
*rakat PWMP walk 4813
*rakat PCEMP walk 4813
*rakat PEMP walk 4813
*rakat POC walk 4813
*raŋkeb PWMP unite, do simultaneously 4846
*raŋkep₁ PWMP crawl 4847
*raŋkep₂ PMP unite, do simultaneously 9436
*raket PMP sticky, adhesive 4814
*raket PWMP sticky, adhesive 4814
*raket PCEMP sticky, adhesive 4814
*raket PCMP sticky, adhesive 4814
*raki PCEMP wind from the northeast (?) 8547
*raki PCMP wind from the northeast (?) 8547
*raki PEMP wind from the northeast (?) 8547
*raki POC wind from the northeast (?) 8547
*rakit POC join along the length, raft 12058
*rakop POC embrace 7078
*ra(ŋ)kup PMP gather in the cupped hands 4858
*ra(ŋ)kup PWMP gather in the cupped hands 4858
*ra(ŋ)kup PCEMP gather in the cupped hands 4858
*ra(ŋ)kup PCMP gather in the cupped hands 4858
*ra(ŋ)kup PEMP gather in the cupped hands 4858
*ra(ŋ)kup POC gather in the cupped hands 4858
*ralic POC buttress root 7420
*ralom POC insides, area within, inner part of something; between; below, under; deep; mind, feelings 7089
*ralom qate POC (gloss uncertain) 7097
*ramaR POC light, luminosity 8080
*ramig PAN cold (of weather) 10692
*ramig PMP cold (of weather) 10692
*ramig PWMP cold (of weather) 10692
*ranebut PWMP pluck out 11199
*rano POC lake 7110
*ranum POC fresh water 7458
*raŋ PWMP harsh resonant sound 4856
*raŋaq PWMP important (of people); self-important 4840
*raŋ(e)pas PMP to plunder, rob 4857
*raŋ(e)pas PWMP to plunder, rob 4857
*raŋ(e)pas PCEMP to plunder, rob 4857
*raŋ(e)pas PCMP to plunder, rob 4857
*raŋi POC near 6800
*rapaR POC flat, level, even 8070
*rapuR POC hearth 8043
*raqan POC branch, bough 7202
*raqan kayu POC branch of a tree 7204
*raqani POC day 10519
*raqe POC forehead 6466
*rara PMP red 4829
*rara PWMP red 4829
*rara PCEMP red 4829
*rara PCMP red 4829
*rarap POC a tree with dense clusters of red flowers, the Indian coral tree, Erythrina indica 7099
*ra-rua POC two, of people 10878
*raRat POC sea coast (?) 6921
*ra(ŋ)suk PWMP insert, put or drive in 4860
*rataR POC flat or level land 8136
*ra(n)tas PMP cut through, tear 4853
*ra(n)tas PWMP cut through, tear 4853
*ra(n)tas PCEMP cut through, tear 4853
*ra(n)tas PCMP cut through, tear 4853
*rato POC small whale sp. 6810
*rauC PAN peel rattan, bamboo 4833
*raun PEMP leaf; head hair; classifier used in counting certain types of objects 6925
*raun PSHWNG leaf; head hair; classifier used in counting certain types of objects 6925
*raun POC leaf; head hair; classifier used in counting certain types of objects 6925
*raun ni taliŋa POC the auricle or shell of the ear 6932
*raun-raun POC foliage, leaves 6930
*rauŋ PWMP howl, wail 4834
*raut PMP peel rattan 11919
*raut PWMP peel rattan 11919
*rawan PMP strong emotion 4835
*rawan PWMP strong emotion 4835
*rawan PCEMP strong emotion 4835
*rawan PCMP strong emotion 4835
*rawaŋ PPH submarine cave (?) 10976
*rawaq PWMP swamp, morass 4836
*rawraw PAN to rinse 4839
*rawraw PMP to rinse 4839
*rawraw PWMP to rinse 4839
*raya POC upriver, toward the interior 7211

ra    re    ri    ro    ru    ru    

re


*rebaq PWMP collapse, fall down, as a house 4861
*rebas PWMP collapse, fall into ruin 4862
*rebuk PMP dry rot in wood 4864
*rebuk PWMP dry rot in wood 4864
*rebuk PCEMP dry rot in wood 4864
*rebuk PCMP dry rot in wood 4864
*rembur PMP mix together 4871
*rembur PWMP mix together 4871
*rembur PCEMP mix together 4871
*rembur PCMP mix together 4871
*re(m)but PWMP confusion 4889
*recik PMP speckled, stained 4865
*recik PWMP speckled, stained 4865
*recik PCEMP speckled, stained 4865
*recik PCMP speckled, stained 4865
*rendeŋ PWMP wet season 4875
*regaw PWMP wander, stray 4866
*re(ŋ)geŋ PMP dull resonance 4894
*re(ŋ)geŋ PWMP dull resonance 4894
*re(ŋ)geŋ PCEMP dull resonance 4894
*re(ŋ)geŋ PCMP dull resonance 4894
*re(ŋ)guk PMP deep throaty sound 4895
*re(ŋ)guk PWMP deep throaty sound 4895
*re(ŋ)guk PCEMP deep throaty sound 4895
*re(ŋ)guk PCMP deep throaty sound 4895
*rekaŋ PWMP wide apart (as the legs) 9082
*reŋkeg PWMP keep quiet 4888
*reken PAN coiled base on which hot cooking pots are set 4868
*reken PMP coiled base on which hot cooking pots are set 4868
*reken PWMP coiled base on which hot cooking pots are set 4868
*reken PCEMP coiled base on which hot cooking pots are set 4868
*reken PCMP coiled base on which hot cooking pots are set 4868
*re(ŋ)kik PWMP have a squeaky voice 4899
*rekut PMP curled or crumpled up 4869
*rekut PWMP curled or crumpled up 4869
*rekut PCEMP curled or crumpled up 4869
*rekut PCMP curled or crumpled up 4869
*remay PWMP crumble, break into small pieces 4870
*remek PMP crush, pulverize; crumble 4873
*remek PWMP crush, pulverize; crumble 4873
*remek PCEMP crush, pulverize; crumble 4873
*remek PCMP crush, pulverize; crumble 4873
*reneb PPH to sink, soak into 12327
*reŋat PWMP crack, split open 4885
*reŋeC PAN angry, annoyed 4886
*reŋet PMP angry 11921
*reŋet PWMP angry 11921
*reŋet PCEMP angry 11921
*reŋet PCMP angry 11921
*reŋiC PAN grimace at pain 4887
*reŋit₁ PWMP gnat, midge 10936
*reŋit₂ PMP grimace at pain 11922
*reŋit₂ PCEMP grimace at pain 11922
*reŋit₂ PCMP grimace at pain 11922
*re(ŋ)kaq PMP force open 4896
*re(ŋ)kaq PWMP force open 4896
*re(ŋ)kaq PCEMP force open 4896
*re(ŋ)kaq PEMP force open 4896
*reŋut PMP wrinkled; frown 4893
*reŋut PWMP wrinkled; frown 4893
*reŋut PCEMP wrinkled; frown 4893
*reŋut PCMP wrinkled; frown 4893
*repag PWMP to slap 4878
*repek PMP brittle, friable; to crumble 4880
*repek PWMP brittle, friable; to crumble 4880
*repek PCEMP brittle, friable; to crumble 4880
*repek PCMP brittle, friable; to crumble 4880
*repeŋ PWMP equal in dimentions 11779
*rempun PMP gather together 4874
*rempun PWMP gather together 4874
*rempun PCEMP gather together 4874
*rempun PCMP gather together 4874
*reput PMP rotten to brittleness, of wood 4882
*reput PWMP rotten to brittleness, of wood 4882
*reput PCEMP rotten to brittleness, of wood 4882
*reput PCMP rotten to brittleness, of wood 4882
*rere₁ POC be afraid of something 6912
*rere₂ POC to flow, stream, move out rapidly 6913
*re(n)tes PWMP separate, remove 4891
*retiq PWMP popped rice 4883
*retuk PMP hit, pound, chop 4884
*retuk PWMP hit, pound, chop 4884
*retuk PCEMP hit, pound, chop 4884
*retuk PEMP hit, pound, chop 4884
*re(n)zak PMP step on, place one's foot on 4892
*re(n)zak PWMP step on, place one's foot on 4892
*re(n)zak PCEMP step on, place one's foot on 4892
*re(n)zak PCMP step on, place one's foot on 4892

ra    re    ri    ro    ru    ru    

ri


*riak PPH noisy 12139
*riba PMP lap 4903
*riba PWMP lap 4903
*riba PCEMP lap 4903
*riba PCMP lap 4903
*rimbit PWMP encumbered 4909
*ribut PMP storm 11489
*ribut PWMP storm 11489
*ribut PCEMP storm 11489
*ribut PCMP storm 11489
*ricik PWMP sound of splashing, etc. 4904
*ridriŋ POC wall of a house 9508
*rikas PMP quick, fast 4906
*rikas PWMP quick, fast 4906
*rikas PCEMP quick, fast 4906
*rikas PCMP quick, fast 4906
*riken PWMP coiled base on which cooking pots are set or on which loads are placed for carrying on the head 4907
*ri(ŋ)kep PWMP cover 4925
*rikit POC little, small 10066
*rikut PWMP grass 4908
*rilop POC flash 12074
*rinis PWMP drizzle, drizzling rain 4912
*riŋis₁ PMP bare the teeth in smiling or laughing 4918
*riŋis₁ PWMP bare the teeth in smiling or laughing 4918
*riŋis₁ PCEMP bare the teeth in smiling or laughing 4918
*riŋis₁ PCMP bare the teeth in smiling or laughing 4918
*riŋis₂ PWMP cruel 4919
*ri(ŋ)kit PWMP touching or joined along the length 4926
*ripak PWMP split, crack 4921
*rimpuk PMP strike together 4910
*rimpuk PWMP strike together 4910
*rimpuk PCEMP strike together 4910
*rimpuk PCMP strike together 4910
*rimpuŋ PMP tie the feet together 4911
*rimpuŋ PWMP tie the feet together 4911
*rimpuŋ PCEMP tie the feet together 4911
*rimpuŋ PCMP tie the feet together 4911
*ripur PWMP extinction 11520
*riqas PMP split 4913
*riqas PWMP split 4913
*riqas PCEMP split 4913
*riqas PCMP split 4913
*ririq POC to boil, effervesce 8758
*riris PEMP cut, slice 12077
*riris PSHWNG cut, slice 12077
*riRus POC to bathe 8109
*risris PWMP light rustling sound 4916
*riSriS PAN hoe up weeds; weed a garden 6653
*ri(n)tas PWMP cut or tear off 4923

ra    re    ri    ro    ru    ru    

ro


*rodrom₁ POC dark, cloudy 7568
*rodrom₂ POC to brood, keep still 8068
*rokaq POC open 11920
*roko POC stoop, bow, bend over 7677
*roko-roko POC to walk past in a stooping posture 7678
*rokuk POC bend over 12066
*rokuŋ POC bend, curve 12015
*rolos POC bowstring 12068
*roŋoR POC to hear; what is heard, news; to perceive by any sense other than sight 8250
*ropa POC fathom 7749
*roRas POC hasten 12017
*roRoŋ POC roaring sound 12069
*roRos POC a current; to flow 12070
*rotuk POC hit, beat 11923

ra    re    ri    ro    ru    ru    

ru


*rua POC two 7876
*rua rua₁ POC two by two, two at a time 7912
*rua rua₂ POC doubt, hesitation, uncertainty; to doubt, hesitate, be of two minds 7914
*rubaŋ PPH to plant cuttings or transplant seedlings 12328
*rudrud PWMP scrape, rub 4928
*ru(n)duŋ PMP shelter 4948
*ru(n)duŋ PWMP shelter 4948
*ru(n)duŋ PCEMP shelter 4948
*ru(n)duŋ PCMP shelter 4948
*ru(ŋ)guŋ PMP thunder 4949
*ru(ŋ)guŋ PWMP thunder 4949
*ru(ŋ)guŋ PCEMP thunder 4949
*ru(ŋ)guŋ PCMP thunder 4949
*ruit PWMP barbed; sharp 4929
*ruŋkáb PWMP to open, peel off 9083
*ru(ŋ)kuq PWMP bowed, hunched, as from age 4950
*rukuq POC bend over, stoop 9351
*rumpak PMP thud, strike against 4931
*rumpak PWMP thud, strike against 4931
*rumpak PCEMP thud, strike against 4931
*rumpak PCMP thud, strike against 4931
*rupit PWMP narrow 4935
*rupuk PMP sound of breaking or cracking 4936
*rupuk PWMP sound of breaking or cracking 4936
*rupuk PCEMP sound of breaking or cracking 4936
*rupuk PCMP sound of breaking or cracking 4936
*rumpun PWMP cluster, clump 4932
*ruqag PWMP wide, spacious 4937
*ruru POC to back water with a paddle 7416
*ruruŋ POC sheltered, as from the weather 12078
*rurut POC pluck, pull out 9352
*ruRi POC thorn; splinter; fish bone 6827
*rusrus₁ PWMP rustling sound 4940
*rusrus₂ PWMP slip down or off 4941
*rusuk PMP pierce, stab 4942
*rusuk PWMP pierce, stab 4942
*rusuk PCEMP pierce, stab 4942
*rusuk PCMP pierce, stab 4942
*rutas PMP sever, tear 4943
*rutas PWMP sever, tear 4943
*rutas PCEMP sever, tear 4943
*rutas PCMP sever, tear 4943
*ruyuŋ₁ PWMP reel, stagger 4946
*ruyuŋ₂ PCEMP dugong 7687
*ruyuŋ₂ PCMP dugong 7687
*ruyuŋ₂ PEMP dugong 7687
*ruyuŋ₂ PSHWNG dugong 7687
*ruyuŋ₂ POC dugong 7688

ra    re    ri    ro    ru    ru    

ru


*rúnut PPH wear out through overuse, as fabric or a rope 12329

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Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 4/20/2019
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
D:\Users\Stephen\Documents\Visual Studio 2008\Projects\prjACD\prjACD\bin\Debug\acd-p_r1.htm