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Updated: 4/20/2019

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Proto-form indexes: combined

(click on a *proto-form for its cognate set)

 PAN
1696
 PMP
3651
 PWMP
7267
 PPh
1723
 PCEMP
2917
 PCMP
2130
 PEMP
1723
 PSHWNG
429
 POC
2530
 PPH (3A)
1
combined   
24067

 a    a    b    c    C    d    e    g    h    i    i    j    k    l    L    l    m    n    N    ñ    ŋ    o    p    q    r    R    s    S    t    u    u    w    z   

*R   

Ra    Ra    Re    Ri    Ro    Ru    Ru    

Ra


*Rabak PWMP tear, in tatters 4805
*Rambaŋ PWMP casting net; spread out, as a casting net 4817
*Rabat PPH driftwood; flotsam 11108
*Rambat PWMP casting net 11737
*Ra(m)bej PWMP wind around 4849
*Rab(e)qun PWMP cover with earth 4808
*Rambia PMP sago palm 4818
*Rambia PWMP sago palm 4818
*Rambia PCEMP sago palm 4818
*Rambia PCMP sago palm 4818
*Rambia PEMP sago palm 4818
*Rambia PSHWNG sago palm 4818
*Rabia POC sago palm 7958
*Rabi-an PAN evening, night 7380
*Rabi-en PPH taking place at night 7381
*Rabiqi PAN late afternoon, evening; evening meal 4806
*Rabiqi PMP late afternoon, evening; evening meal; yesterday 9029
*Rabiqi PWMP late afternoon, evening; evening meal; yesterday 9029
*Rabiqi PCEMP late afternoon, evening; evening meal; yesterday 9029
*Rabiqi PCMP late afternoon, evening; evening meal; yesterday 9029
*Rabiqi PEMP late afternoon, evening; evening meal; yesterday 9029
*Rabiqi PSHWNG late afternoon, evening; evening meal; yesterday 9029
*Rabi-Rabi PAN every night, happening every night 7382
*Rabi-Rabi PMP every night, happening every night 7382
*Rabi-Rabi PWMP every night, happening every night 7382
*Rabi-Rabi PCEMP every night, happening every night 7382
*Rabi-Rabi PEMP every night, happening every night 7382
*Rabi-Rabi POC every night, happening every night 7382
*RabiS PAN small knife 7190
*RabuC PAN uproot, pull out by the roots 6530
*Rabuk PMP decaying wood; dust, powder 8677
*Rabuk PWMP decaying wood; dust, powder 8677
*Rabuk PCEMP decaying wood; dust, powder 8677
*Rabuk PCMP decaying wood; dust, powder 8677
*Rabuk PEMP decaying wood; dust, powder 8677
*Rabun PMP drizzling rain, mist; fog 8683
*Rabun PCEMP drizzling rain, mist; fog 8683
*Rabun PCMP drizzling rain, mist; fog 8683
*Rabut PMP uproot, pull out by the roots 10682
*Rabut PWMP uproot, pull out by the roots 10682
*Rabut PCEMP uproot, pull out by the roots 10682
*Rabut PCMP uproot, pull out by the roots 10682
*Rabut PEMP uproot, pull out by the roots 10682
*Rabut PSHWNG uproot, pull out by the roots 10682
*RaCus PAN hundred 7316
*Radut PMP pluck, pull out 4810
*Radut PWMP pluck, pull out 4810
*Radut PCEMP pluck, pull out 4810
*Radut PCMP pluck, pull out 4810
*Ragem PWMP clenched in the fist 6879
*Rahap PAN seeds for sowing 8157
*Rahuŋ PMP ambush, attack from concealment 6922
*Rahuŋ PWMP ambush, attack from concealment 6922
*Raŋkay PWMP dry 4844
*Rakep PWMP seize, grasp, wrap around 10637
*Ra(ŋ)k(e)qaŋ PWMP spread the legs 4859
*Rakéd PPH to hitch, tie two things together 11164
*Rakit PMP lay long objects side by side; raft 8685
*Rakit PWMP lay long objects side by side; raft 8685
*Rakit PCEMP lay long objects side by side; raft 8685
*Rakit PCMP lay long objects side by side; raft 8685
*Rakit PEMP lay long objects side by side; raft 8685
*Rakit PSHWNG lay long objects side by side; raft 8685
*Rakit-an PWMP (gloss unclear) 8687
*Raŋkub PWMP to cover 4848
*Rakut PMP tie together 4815
*Rakut PWMP tie together 4815
*Rakut PCEMP tie together 4815
*Rakut PCMP tie together 4815
*Rakut PEMP tie together 4815
*Rakut POC tie together 4815
*RameC PAN root 6594
*Rames PAN squeeze, knead 4819
*Rames PMP squeeze, knead 4819
*Rames PWMP squeeze, knead 4819
*Rames PCEMP squeeze, knead 4819
*Rames PCMP squeeze, knead 4819
*Rames PEMP squeeze, knead 4819
*Rames PSHWNG squeeze, knead 4819
*RamiS PAN root 6654
*Ramut₁ PMP fibrous roots, as of grass 8704
*Ramut₁ PWMP fibrous roots, as of grass 8704
*Ramut₁ PCEMP fibrous roots, as of grass 8704
*Ramut₁ PCMP fibrous roots, as of grass 8704
*Ramut₁ PEMP fibrous roots, as of grass 8704
*Ramut₁ POC fibrous roots, as of grass 8704
*Ramut₂ PPH a charm used to control someone magically 12308
*Ranebut PWMP pluck out 11200
*Raŋa PMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 4842
*Raŋa PWMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 4842
*Raŋa PCEMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 4842
*Raŋa PCMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 4842
*Raŋa PEMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 4842
*Raŋa POC the spider conch: Lambis lambis 4842
*Raŋa₁ PMP open the mouth wide 4841
*Raŋa₁ PWMP open the mouth wide 4841
*Raŋa₁ PCEMP open the mouth wide 4841
*Raŋa₁ PCMP open the mouth wide 4841
*Raŋak PMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 8637
*Raŋak PWMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 8637
*Raŋak PCEMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 8637
*Raŋak PEMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 8637
*Raŋak POC the spider conch: Lambis lambis 8637
*RaŋaR PMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 8638
*RaŋaR PWMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 8638
*RaŋaR PCEMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 8638
*RaŋaR PEMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 8638
*RaŋaR POC the spider conch: Lambis lambis 8638
*Raŋaw PPH new shoot of vines or creepers 12356
*Raŋu PMP dry 4854
*Raŋu PWMP dry 4854
*Raŋu PCEMP dry 4854
*Raŋu PCMP dry 4854
*Raŋu PEMP dry 4854
*Raŋu POC dry 4854
*Rampaŋ PWMP passionate, quick-tempered 4821
*Rampas PWMP rob, plunder 4820
*Rapi POC afternoon, evening; yesterday 7373
*Rapiq PWMP crumble 4824
*Rampis PWMP thin, thin layer 4822
*Rapuk POC worn out, decaying 11910
*Rapuq₁ PWMP rotten, crumbling 4825
*Rapuq₂ PPH branches carried along and deposited by water 12309
*Rapus PMP to bind, tie the hands or feet, as a person in detention, or an animal to be slaughtered; restraining rope 11821
*Rapus PWMP to bind, tie the hands or feet, as a person in detention, or an animal to be slaughtered; restraining rope 11821
*Rapus PCEMP to bind, tie the hands or feet, as a person in detention, or an animal to be slaughtered; restraining rope 11821
*Rapus PCMP to bind, tie the hands or feet, as a person in detention, or an animal to be slaughtered; restraining rope 11821
*Rapus-en PWMP to bind, tie the hands or feet 11823
*Raput POC uproot, pull out by the roots 10683
*Raqan PMP lightness (weight) 4826
*Raqan PWMP lightness (weight) 4826
*Raqup PMP cup the hands 4828
*Raqup PWMP cup the hands 4828
*Raqup PCEMP cup the hands 4828
*Raqup PCMP cup the hands 4828
*Raqup PEMP cup the hands 4828
*Raqup POC cup the hands 4828
*RaRaŋ PPH large marine mollusk: Turbo marmoratus 12348
*RaSuŋ PAN ambush, attack from concealment 6678
*Rantaŋ PMP kind of large carrying basket 4823
*Rantaŋ PWMP kind of large carrying basket 4823
*Rantaŋ PCEMP kind of large carrying basket 4823
*Rantaŋ PCMP kind of large carrying basket 4823
*Rataq PMP coconut milk 4831
*Rataq PWMP coconut milk 4831
*Rataq PCEMP coconut milk 4831
*Rataq PEMP coconut milk 4831
*Rataq POC coconut milk 4831
*Ratas₁ PMP sever, tear 4832
*Ratas₁ PWMP sever, tear 4832
*Ratas₁ PCEMP sever, tear 4832
*Ratas₁ PCMP sever, tear 4832
*Ratas₂ PMP milk 11970
*Ratas₂ PWMP milk 11970
*Ratas₂ PCEMP milk 11970
*Ratas₂ PEMP milk 11970
*Ratas₂ POC milk 11970
*Ratus PMP hundred 7317
*Ratus PWMP hundred 7317
*Ratus PCEMP hundred 7317
*Ratus PCMP hundred 7317
*Ratus PEMP hundred 7317
*Ratus POC hundred 7317
*Ratus-an PWMP by hundreds, hundreds at a time 7320
*Rawaŋ PWMP gap, full of gaps 4837
*Rawed PWMP betel pepper 4838
*Raya PAN big, large 7358
*Raya PMP big, large 7358
*Raya PWMP big, large 7358
*Raya PCEMP big, large 7358
*Raya PCMP big, large 7358

Ra    Ra    Re    Ri    Ro    Ru    Ru    

Ra


*Rámit PPH to use 12144

Ra    Ra    Re    Ri    Ro    Ru    Ru    

Re


*Rebek PMP to fly 4863
*Rebek PWMP to fly 4863
*Rebek PCEMP to fly 4863
*Rebek PEMP to fly 4863
*Rebek PSHWNG to fly 4863
*Re(ŋ)kem PMP grasp in the fist 4897
*Re(ŋ)kem PWMP grasp in the fist 4897
*Re(ŋ)kem PCEMP grasp in the fist 4897
*Re(ŋ)kem PCMP grasp in the fist 4897
*Reken PAN coiled base on which hot cooking pots are set 4867
*Reken PMP coiled base on which hot cooking pots are set 4867
*Reken PWMP coiled base on which hot cooking pots are set 4867
*Remek PMP crush, pulverize; crumble 4872
*Remek PWMP crush, pulverize; crumble 4872
*Remek PCEMP crush, pulverize; crumble 4872
*Remek PCMP crush, pulverize; crumble 4872
*Reneg PMP press down 4876
*Reneg PWMP press down 4876
*Reneg PCEMP press down 4876
*Reneg PCMP press down 4876
*Renek PWMP silent, taciturn 4877
*ReŋeC PAN angry, annoyed 9447
*Reŋet PMP angry, annoyed 9448
*Reŋet PWMP angry, annoyed 9448
*Reŋet PCEMP angry, annoyed 9448
*Reŋet PCMP angry, annoyed 9448
*Re(ŋ)keŋ PMP shrink, contract 4898
*Re(ŋ)keŋ PWMP shrink, contract 4898
*Re(ŋ)keŋ PCEMP shrink, contract 4898
*Re(ŋ)keŋ PEMP shrink, contract 4898
*Repak PWMP break to pieces 4879
*Repik PWMP break to pieces 4881
*Re(m)puk PMP crumbling, of wood 4890
*Re(m)puk PWMP crumbling, of wood 4890
*Re(m)puk PCEMP crumbling, of wood 4890
*Re(m)puk PCMP crumbling, of wood 4890
*Retak PWMP split, crack (intr.) 11956
*Retiq PWMP popped rice 9449

Ra    Ra    Re    Ri    Ro    Ru    Ru    

Ri


*Riak PWMP shout, shouting 12330
*Riaq PAN sword grass: Imperata cylindrica 4900
*Riaq PMP sword grass: Imperata cylindrica 4900
*Riaq PWMP sword grass: Imperata cylindrica 4900
*Riaw PWMP cry out, clamor 4901
*RibaS PAN demolish 4902
*RibaS PMP demolish 4902
*RibaS PWMP demolish 4902
*Ribawa PAN swell; swelling, tumor 6688
*Ribu PMP thousand 7973
*Ribu PWMP thousand 7973
*Ribu PCEMP thousand 7973
*Ribu PCMP thousand 7973
*Ri(m)bun PWMP heap up 4920
*Riduq PPH to shake, as the ground in an earthquake 12285
*Rihuq PWMP tree sp. 4905
*Ri(ŋ)kas PWMP trim, cut off excess 4924
*Riken PWMP coiled base on which cooking pots are set, or on which loads are placed for carrying on the head 8246
*Rimeja PAN sword grass: Imperata cylindrica 6689
*Ri(m)pit PMP squeeze between; pinch, take between fingers 4922
*Ri(m)pit PWMP squeeze between; pinch, take between fingers 4922
*Ri(m)pit PCEMP squeeze between; pinch, take between fingers 4922
*Ri(m)pit PCMP squeeze between; pinch, take between fingers 4922
*Rimukud PPH soul 11917
*R<in>abiqi PPH every night, happening every night 7378
*R<in>apus PWMP bound, tied up 11822
*Rinu PAN winnowing basket 7301
*RiNaS PAN long feathers used for personal adornment 6595
*RiNaS-an PAN the male of Swinhoe’s blue pheasant 6596
*Riŋaw PWMP fish sp. 4917
*Ripak PWMP split, crack 9450
*Riqek PAN thresh grain by trampling 4914
*Riqek PMP thresh grain by trampling 4914
*Riqek PWMP thresh grain by trampling 4914
*Risi PMP tear, split, cut 4915
*Risi PWMP tear, split, cut 4915
*Risi PCEMP tear, split, cut 4915
*Risi PEMP tear, split, cut 4915
*Risi POC tear, split, cut 4915
*Risiq PMP tear, split, cut 9451
*Ritu PAN loquat tree and fruit: Eriobotrya deflexa 6629

Ra    Ra    Re    Ri    Ro    Ru    Ru    

Ro


*Rokoŋ POC shrink, contract 11912
*Ropok POC to fly 11911
*Ropo-Ropok POC flying 7746

Ra    Ra    Re    Ri    Ro    Ru    Ru    

Ru


*Ruab PMP high tide, tidal flow 8169
*Ruab PWMP high tide, tidal flow 8169
*Ruab PCEMP high tide, tidal flow 8169
*Ruab PCMP high tide, tidal flow 8169
*Ruab PEMP high tide, tidal flow 8169
*Ruab PSHWNG high tide, tidal flow 8169
*Ruap POC high tide, tidal flow 8170
*Ruaq PWMP empty out 4927
*Rumbia PMP sago palm 7959
*Rumbia PWMP sago palm 7959
*Rumbia PCEMP sago palm 7959
*Rumbia PCMP sago palm 7959
*Rubu PAN nest, lair 6597
*Rucan POC to load, as cargo on a boat 11913
*Rudaŋ PAN old, of people 7581
*Rudaŋ PMP old, of people 7581
*Rudaŋ PWMP old, of people 7581
*Rujan PMP cargo, load (on a boat) 4930
*Rujan PWMP cargo, load (on a boat) 4930
*Rujan PCEMP cargo, load (on a boat) 4930
*Rujan PEMP cargo, load (on a boat) 4930
*Ruŋkeb PMP cover over, cover up 4947
*Ruŋkeb PWMP cover over, cover up 4947
*Ruŋkeb PCEMP cover over, cover up 4947
*Ruŋkeb PCMP cover over, cover up 4947
*Rukib PPH cave 12349
*R<um>abiqi PPH become night, turn into night 7379
*R<um>ahap PAN to sow seeds 8158
*Rumaq PAN house 7303
*Rumaq PMP house 7303
*Rumaq PWMP house 7303
*Rumaq PCEMP house 7303
*Rumaq PCMP house 7303
*Rumaq PEMP house 7303
*Rumaq PSHWNG house 7303
*Rumaq POC house 7303
*Rumek PPH to crush, smash 12332
*R<um>iak PWMP to shout, talk loudly 12331
*R<um>iqek PWMP to thresh by trampling 8218
*Runaw PWMP melt, liquefy 4933
*Runut PMP plant fibers 4934
*Runut PWMP plant fibers 4934
*Runut PCEMP plant fibers 4934
*Runut PCMP plant fibers 4934
*Rupas POC loosen, untie 8464
*Ruqa POC neck 8163
*Ruqanay PMP male 11914
*Ruqanay PWMP male 11914
*Ruqanay PCEMP male 11914
*Ruqanay PCMP male 11914
*RuqaNay PAN male 4938
*Ruqaŋ PWMP hole, pit 8165
*Rusuk PAN ribs 8475
*Rusuk PMP ribs 8475
*Rusuk PWMP ribs 8475
*Rusuk PCEMP ribs 8475
*Rusuk PCMP ribs 8475
*Rusuk PEMP ribs 8475
*Rusuk PSHWNG ribs 8475
*Rusuk POC ribs 8475
*RuSRuS PAN to scrape smooth, to plane a surface 7297
*Ruyag PWMP shake, wobble 4944
*Ruyuŋ PWMP shake, sway, stagger 4945

Ra    Ra    Re    Ri    Ro    Ru    Ru    

Ru


*Rúyud PWMP pull or drag a heavy object along, as on a sled 8703
*Rúyud-an PPH sled or board used for dragging materials (?) 11106
*Rúyud-en PPH be pulled or dragged along 11107

Ra    Ra    Re    Ri    Ro    Ru    Ru    

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Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 4/20/2019
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
D:\Users\Stephen\Documents\Visual Studio 2008\Projects\prjACD\prjACD\bin\Debug\acd-p_r2.htm