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Updated: 11/5/2017

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Proto-form indexes

(click on a *proto-form for its cognate set)

 PAN
1649
 PMP
3547
 PWMP
7060
 PPh
1313
 PCEMP
2834
 PCMP
2071
 PEMP
1656
 PSHWNG
378
 POC
2427
 combined   
22935

Proto-Malayo-Polynesian

 a    b    c    C    d    e    g    h    i    k    l    m    n    N    ñ    ŋ    p    q    r    R    s    S    t    u    w    z   


*-a₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC imperative suffix 383
*-a₂ PMP 3sg. object 384
*-a₃ PAN PMP PWMP subjunctive suffix 387
*a₁ PMP article 378
*a₂ PMP conjunction: and 379
*a₃ PMP exclamation, interjection 380
*a₄ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC hesitation particle 381
*a₅ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC ligature 382
*aba₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP father 10
*ambak PMP stamp or smack against 153
*abaŋ₁ PMP ambush, block the way; obstacle, hindrance 11
*abaw PMP high, lofty 7
*ambit PMP seize with the hands 158
*abuqaŋ PMP beetle 20
*abus PMP ash 22
*abut PMP pull up, root up 23
*aCab PAN PMP PWMP a cover 25
*adamay PMP a plant: Pipturus argenteus 71
*adani PMP near 8183
*a-di PMP that, there 2260
*adi PAN PMP PWMP no, not 7326
*anduŋ PMP ancestors 243
*aduq PMP exclamation of pain, distress, etc. 73
*a-enem PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP six (of humans) 2376
*a-epat PMP four (of humans) 5180
*a-esa PAN PMP PWMP one (of humans) 2407
*agu PMP and, also 80
*ai₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC interjection, exclamation of surprise, incredulity, etc. 83
*ai₃ PAN PMP PWMP come 7828
*ajan PMP name 84
*akak PMP cackling laughter 87
*akaR PMP root 88
*aken PAN PMP PWMP 1sg oblique 7960
*akerahaq PMP cry of a monkey 89
*a(ŋ)kit PMP bite 417
*aku PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC 1sg nominative; I 90
*aŋkub PMP cover 407
*ala PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC take, get, fetch, obtain; marry 118
*ala-en PAN PMP PWMP be taken 7768
*alap PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC fetch, get, take 96
*alaq₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC fetch, get, take 108
*alaq-en PAN PMP PWMP be taken 114
*aliq PMP move, change place 123
*aluja PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC to paddle 126
*aluŋ PMP shade, shadow 129
*aluten PMP burning brand; charred or smoldering wood 7793
*ama-i PMP father (voc.) 150
*ama-q PMP father (voc.) 149
*amax PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP father 134
*amá-ŋ PMP father (voc.) 148
*amen PAN PMP PWMP 1pl ex oblique 7962
*ami PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP 1pl. excl. nominative pronoun, we (exclusive) 9702
*amin PAN PMP PWMP all; finished 180
*amu PAN PMP PWMP 2pl. nominative pronoun 9708
*-an PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC verbal suffix marking locative focus; nominal suffix marking location 254
*anaduq PMP long (of objects) 182
*anak PMP child, offspring; son, daughter; brother's child (man speaking), sister's child (woman speaking); young animal or plant; young; small (for its kind); dependent or component part of something larger; native, resident, inhabitant; interest on a loan 184
*anak a ma-iRaq PMP neonate (lit. 'red child') 218
*anak a qulu PMP first-born, eldest child (lit. 'head child') 219
*anak apij PMP twin 213
*anak bahi, anak babahi, anak binahi PMP wife-taking lineage 214
*anak buaq PMP relative (?) 215
*anak i banua PMP fellow villager, fellow community-member 220
*anak i batu PMP small stones, gravel 221
*anak i kahiw PMP young tree, sprout 224
*anak i lesuŋ PMP rice pestle 225
*anak i lima PMP little finger, pinkie 226
*anak i manuk PMP chick, baby chicken 227
*anak i mata PMP pupil of the eye 228
*anak i panaq PMP arrow 229
*anak i qaRta PMP slave (?) 230
*anak i sumpit PMP blowpipe dart 231
*anak i tau PMP someone else's child 232
*anak ma-Ruqanay, anak (la)laki PMP wife-giving lineage 217
*anak nu mata PMP pupil of the eye (‘child of the eye’) 8613
*an-anak PMP child 187
*aniŋal PMP echo 245
*anipa PMP large snake sp. 244
*a-nu PMP thing whose name is unknown, avoided, or cannot be remembered: what? 3688
*a-nu-ku PMP my unnamed thing: mine 3694
*anuliŋ PMP a fruit-bearing plant: Pisonia umbellifera 251
*a-nu-mu PMP your unnamed thing: yours 3696
*a-nu-ni a PMP his/her unnamed thing: his/hers 3698
*aNay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC insect of the order Isoptera: termite, white ant 234
*añam PMP plait (mats, baskets, etc.) 388
*añem PMP plait, braid 394
*aŋaq PMP open the mouth wide 392
*aŋay PAN PMP PWMP departure (?) 9146
*aŋ(e)lem PMP stench 416
*apa apa PMP something; anything; everything 260
*apa₁ PMP what? 256
*apa-i PMP what? which? 259
*ampaw PMP empty husk (of rice, etc.) 167
*apeled PMP taste of unripe banana; slightly bitter or astringent taste 263
*apij PMP twins; double banana 267
*ampu PMP grandparent/grandchild (reciprocal) 274
*ampun PMP pardon, forgiveness 175
*apuni PMP tree fern 271
*apuŋ PMP float 284
*apuŋ apuŋ PMP floating 285
*apuR PAN PMP PWMP betel chew 272
*aren PMP nobility, member of the chiefly class 10956
*aRak PMP walk single-file; be positioned one behind the other 289
*aResam PMP kind of fern 296
*aRi PAN PMP PWMP come; toward the speaker; let’s go! 297
*aRuhu PMP a shore tree: Casuarina equisetifolia 301
*asa₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG one 305
*asat PMP dry out, become dry 304
*asu₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP dog 320
*asu₂ PMP fetch water, scoop up water 324
*asuk PMP smoke, soot 317
*asuŋ PMP incite, spur to action 325
*ata₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC 1pl. incl. possessive pronoun: our 333
*ataŋ₃ PMP crossbeam 337
*atas PMP high, tall 27
*atay PMP death 34
*atel PMP itch, itchy 340
*aten₁ PMP 1p plural absolute possessive pronoun: ours (incl.) 3009
*aten₂ PMP 1pl in oblique 7965
*ati₁ PMP negative marker 344
*atiŋ PMP sweat, perspiration 346
*atip PMP pinch together 342
*a-tu PMP away, outward, forward, onward; towards the hearer 2170
*atu PMP away from speaker 7781
*auʔ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC yes 351
*aw PMP question particle 5101
*awaŋ PMP atmosphere, space between earth and sky 358
*away₁ PMP beckon with the hand 353
*aya₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC exclamation of annoyance, surprise, etc. 369
*aya₂ PMP father’s sister, father’s sister’s husband 8678
*ayuŋ₂ PMP swing, sway, rock 375
*ba₁ PMP conjunction: or, if; perhaps; because 740
*ba₂ PMP interjection or exclamation 743
*ba₃ PMP preposition: at, on, in, to 745
*ba₄ PMP under, below 747
*baba₁ PMP carry a person pick-a-back; ride pick-a-back 434
*baba₂ PMP father 436
*ba-bahi PAN PMP PWMP woman, female 6939
*baban PMP group, company, collection, swarm 420
*babaq₁ PMP lower surface, bottom; short, low; below, beneath, under 421
*babaw₃ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC upper surface, top; highlands; on, upon, over, above 428
*babaw₄ PMP to weed (a garden, etc.) 431
*ba-b<in>ahi PMP woman; female 6944
*babuy banua PMP domesticated pig 443
*babuy halas PMP wild pig 444
*babuy lebu PMP domesticated pig 445
*babuy₃ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP pig 441
*babuy-an PAN PMP PWMP pigpen, pigsty, piggery 442
*bandaŋan PMP goat hair decoration on a spear or staff 622
*badas PMP grit, coarse sand, gravel 450
*badiq PMP dagger 6437
*bagal PMP overgrown, clumsy, sluggish 456
*bageqaŋ PMP molar tooth 457
*bahaq₁ PMP mouth 464
*bahaq₂ PMP a flood; to overflow, be in flood 8273
*bahaR PMP loincloth 7038
*bahaw PMP cold, of leftover food; leftovers from a meal 7067
*bahay PMP a hairy vine: Pueraria hirsuta 7071
*bahi PMP female, woman, wife; female of animals 6935
*bahu PMP odor, stench 466
*bahuq PMP odor; stench 7010
*bajaq₂ PMP tell, inform; ask, inquire 6440
*bak₁ PMP clap! smack! 487
*bak₂ PMP negative marker 489
*baka PMP conjunction: despite, nonetheless 473
*baŋkal PMP a tree: Nauclea sp. 782
*bakaŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP bowlegged 9050
*bakaq PMP spread apart, split 471
*baŋkaq PMP boat 11292
*bakas PMP swift, strong, energetic, fast 806
*bakas PMP loosen, undo, untie 9051
*bakbak₁ PMP peel off, of skin; remove the bark of a tree 474
*bakbak₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC sound of heavy clapping or pounding, smacking sound 477
*bakes₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP belt; tie around the waist 480
*bakuŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP a lily-like plant: Crinum asiaticum L. 484
*bakuŋ₂ PMP kind of pandanus 485
*ba(ŋ)kuq PMP curved, bent 808
*bala₂ PMP pen, enclosure for domesticated animals 516
*bala₃ PMP whatever, whichever 518
*balabaw PMP rat, mouse 490
*balabuR PMP blurred, of vision 492
*balalaCuk PAN PMP PWMP a bird: the woodpecker 496
*balan PMP scratch or wale on the skin 501
*balaŋ₁ PMP scar 524
*balaŋa PMP shallow earthenware cooking pot or pan 519
*balar PMP scratch or wale on the skin 507
*balaR₁ PMP pale, unnaturally white 505
*balay PMP public building, community house, guest house 513
*balbal₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP beating stick; to hit, beat (esp. clothes in washing them) 528
*bales₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG to answer, retaliate; reciprocate good or evil 531
*bales₂ PMP to complete, perfect something 532
*bali₄ PMP lie, deception 566
*bali₅ PMP reverse, turn around 568
*balija PMP weaver's sword (lath used to beat in and tighten the woof) 699
*baliji PMP kind of grass 539
*balik₂ PMP reverse, turn around 546
*baliq PMP fracture, break 550
*baliw₁ PMP dual division, moiety == cluster (a) answer, oppose, opposite side or part; partner, friend, enemy 554
*baliw₃ PMP cluster (c) == don mourning apparel; mourn for a deceased spouse 558
*baliw₄ PMP cluster (b) == repay, return in kind; retaliate, take revenge (hence: to equalize a loss or debt) 557
*baliw₅ PMP change, exchange; repeat, return; again 560
*balizi PMP kind of grass 562
*balu₁ PMP a plant yielding useful fibers: Thespesia populnea 590
*balu₂ PMP rice pestle 592
*balu₃ PMP some, some more 593
*balu₄ PMP widow(er) 596
*baluj PMP a dove: probably Ducula spp. 710
*baluk₁ PMP kind of sailing boat 574
*baluk₂ PMP to sell 575
*balun₅ PMP bind, bundle, wrap in cloth; death shroud; cloth(ing) 579
*balunuR PMP a tree with edible fruit, and medicinal uses, probably Buchanania arborescens 9114
*baluq PMP mourn the dead 584
*balut₁ PMP mix 587
*banah PMP husband 615
*banaqaR PMP radiance, as of rising sun 610
*banaR₁ PMP a thorny vine: Smilax spp. 612
*banaRu PMP the Indian tulip tree: Thespesia populnea 11262
*banaw PMP a thorny vine: Smilax spp. 620
*banaw PAN PMP PWMP lake 9239
*banua PMP inhabited land, territory supporting the life of a community 631
*baNiC PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP to skin, flay 627
*bañaw PMP wash the hands 755
*baŋa₂ PMP wide open 762
*baŋaw PAN PMP PWMP paddy bug, foul-smelling insect that preys on rice in the field 760
*baŋbaŋ₃ PMP cavity, pit, den; to excavate a pit 768
*baŋbaŋ₅ PMP fish sp. 771
*baŋbaŋ₆ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP loud resounding sound 773
*baŋbaŋ₉ PMP butterfly, moth; butterfly fish 767
*baŋehih PMP fragrant 10960
*baŋelih PMP tusk, canine tooth 10959
*baŋ(e)qeR₂ PMP rotten smell, stench (as of stagnant water) 802
*baŋ(e)qes PMP unpleasant smell 803
*baŋi₁ PMP bait 780
*baŋi₂ PMP cook over a fire 781
*baŋun₂ PMP wake someone, rouse someone from sleep; erect something, put something in an upright position 788
*baqagi PMP share, portion, inheritance; to allot, divide property 638
*baqak₁ PMP split, break off 639
*baqas PMP split lengthwise 640
*baqbaq PMP mouth, opening; speak, say 642
*baqeRu PMP new, fresh; recent(ly); youth, bachelor; beautiful, in one's prime 646
*baqi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP grandmother 6438
*baquR PMP trigger of a tension-set trap 651
*bara₁ PMP pen, enclosure for domesticated animals 677
*bara₂ PMP support beams in a house 679
*barabara₁ PMP support beams in a house 680
*baran PMP mollusk sp. 660
*baraŋ₁ PMP marker of indefiniteness: if, perhaps, hopefully; or; any 690
*baraq PMP disaster 661
*barat₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC crossbeam 668
*barbar PMP spread out, unfurl 693
*barik PMP striped, streaked 700
*baruk PMP fungus that grows on the sugar palm; tinder 712
*baRa₁ PMP hand, arm 673
*baRa₂ PMP pen, enclosure for domesticated animals 675
*baRah PMP ember 653
*baRah hapuy PMP ember, glowing coal 654
*baRani PMP hero, war-leader; dare to do 657
*baRaq₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC lung 662
*baRat₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC crossbeam 666
*b<aR>eŋbeŋ PAN PMP PWMP buzzing, droning, humming 1065
*baReq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC abscess, boil, swelling on the body 696
*baReqaŋ PMP molar tooth 694
*baRiq PMP lie, deception 701
*baRiuS PAN PMP PWMP typhoon 702
*baRiw PMP beginning to spoil, tainted (of food left uneaten too long) 704
*baRu PMP a small shore tree: Hibiscus tiliaceus 717
*basbas₁ PAN PMP PWMP hit, strike 720
*basbas₂ PAN PMP PWMP sprinkle 721
*baseq PMP wet; wash clothes 6445
*basuq PAN PMP PWMP to wash 6455
*batad PMP millet or sorghum sp. (unident.) 446
*bataŋ PMP tree trunk, fallen tree, log; stem of a plant; body; corpse; self; bridge of the nose; most important or preeminent thing; main course of a river; mushroom or bracket fungus that grows on tree trunks or decaying logs 6481
*batek PMP mottled design, as of a tattoo 728
*bates PMP border, boundary 6661
*batik₂ PMP grasshopper 7085
*bantiŋ PMP fling down, dash against 8331
*batu hapuy PMP flintstone 6496
*batu₁ PMP stone; testicle; kind of banana; numeral classifier for teeth (?) 6486
*batu₂ PMP kidney 6500
*batu₃ PAN PMP PWMP to throw 6501
*batu-batu PMP stony, gravel 6495
*batuk₁ PMP cough 6664
*batuk₃ PMP skull 6667
*bantun PMP pull up, as out of a pit or out of water 7086
*batuR₁ PMP to plait, weave (as mats, baskets) 730
*bauR PMP trigger on spring trap 731
*bawbaw PMP upper surface, top, above 733
*bayaD PMP pay 6701
*bayu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP to pound rice 6785
*bayuR PMP a tree: Pterospermum sp. 738
*bebak₂ PMP slap, beat on 810
*becik PMP spatter, fly out in all directions 817
*becit PMP squeeze, squirt out 818
*bendul PMP swelling of the body 825
*bejbej₂ PMP wind around 831
*beka PMP split, crack open 848
*beŋkak PMP swell, increase in size 1080
*bekaq PMP split, crack open 840
*be(ŋ)kaR PMP to open, as a fist; to blossom, of flowers; split open, break up, dismantle, demolish 1094
*beŋkas PMP untie, undo 1081
*bekas₁ PAN PMP PWMP to spring a trap 842
*bekas₂ PAN PMP PWMP swift, fast 843
*bekas₃ PMP trace, track, mark, print (as footprint) 844
*bekbek₁ PMP fine particles, powder which results from pounding grains, etc.; pulverize grains 851
*bekbek₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP sound of breaking, etc. 855
*bekelaj PMP spread out, unroll (mats, etc.), open out, unfold (as the hand); wide 856
*bekug PMP curved, bent 871
*bekuk PMP curved, bent 872
*bekul₁ PMP curved, bent 873
*bekul₂ PMP snail 874
*beŋkuŋ PMP bent, curve, arch 1084
*beŋkuq PMP bend, curve 1083
*bekut PMP hunchbacked 869
*belak PMP crack, split open (as the stomach of a fish) 878
*belaŋ₁ PMP bamboo sp. 890
*belaŋ₂ PMP spotted, dappled 891
*belaq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC part of something split 879
*belat₁ PMP division, partition, intervening space 886
*belat₂ PMP fish corral 887
*belbel₁ PMP dull, blunt; blocked, plugged; stupid 893
*belbel₂ PMP hydropoesia, bodily swelling caused by water retention 895
*beli₂ PMP value, price; marriage prestations, brideprice; purchase 910
*beliq₁ PMP to lie, tell a lie 903
*beliq₂ PMP no, not; vetative marker: don't! 904
*belit₂ PMP twist around 906
*belit₃ PMP viscous, sticky 908
*beluk PMP bend 918
*bena PMP lower part of a river; tidal bore 924
*bener PMP true, righteous, honest 933
*be(n)tur PMP glutted, sated; swollen (of the belly) 1086
*be(n)tuR PMP glutted, sated; swollen (of the belly) 1085
*benut₁ PMP fibrous husk of coconut 948
*benut₂ PMP pull out, extract 946
*beNelem PAN PMP PWMP overcast, twilight 10931
*beñan PMP to sneeze 1050
*beŋa₁ PMP open the mouth 1055
*beŋaŋ₁ PMP disconcert, confuse 1057
*beŋaŋ₂ PMP gape, open the mouth wide; be dazzled, amazed 1058
*beŋaŋ₃ PMP open, spacious 1060
*beŋap PMP surprised, amazed 1051
*beŋaq PMP open the mouth 1053
*beŋat₁ PMP split, torn; opening or water passage between two capes of land 1054
*beŋbeŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC blocked, as by a wall or curtain 1061
*beŋbeŋ₂ PAN PMP PWMP buzz, hum 1064
*beŋbeŋ₃ PMP overcrowd 1066
*beŋbeŋ₄ PMP butterfly 10180
*beŋel PMP deaf 1068
*beŋi PMP fragrance, pleasant odor or smell 1079
*beŋis₁ PMP angry, quarrelsome 1075
*beŋis₂ PMP grin widely, showing the teeth 1077
*beŋit PMP cry out, as in pain or fear 1078
*be(ŋ)kaŋ PMP spread apart, as the legs, or an unbent fishhook 849
*beŋuŋ PMP humming sound 1091
*beqbeq PMP mouth 949
*ber PMP onomatopoetic for sound of fluttering, flying 992
*beraŋ PMP width, extent across 962
*berber₁ PMP flutter, flap, sound of rapid wingbeats 963
*berber₂ PMP shiver, tremble 964
*beriq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP split, tear open 973
*beRas₂ PMP rice between harvesting and cooking; husked rice 951
*beRas-an PAN PMP PWMP container in which rice is stored 952
*beRay₂ PMP give, present gifts to; gift 958
*beRek PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC domesticated pig 965
*beReŋ PMP deep grunt or groan 972
*beReqaŋ PAN PMP PWMP molar tooth 970
*beReqat PMP weight, heaviness, weightiness; difficult; pregnant 967
*beRkes PMP bundle (as of firewood); package 976
*beRŋaw PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP bluebottle, large fly 993
*beRŋi PMP night 994
*beRŋi beRŋi PMP nightly, every night 1000
*beRŋi-n PAN PMP PWMP night 998
*beRŋi-na PMP (gloss uncertain) 999
*beRsay PMP canoe paddle; paddle a canoe 982
*be(R)tas PMP tear, rip open (as cloth or stitches), snap (as string) 1088
*beRtek PMP thorn, spur, barb 987
*bes PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP whizzing sound 1019
*besaq PMP wet, wash 1004
*besbes PMP sound of whirring or whizzing 1005
*besek PMP crowded 1006
*besiq PMP split open, burst under pressure 1007
*besuR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC satisfied from having eaten enough, satiated 1011
*beta₂ PMP chop down 1027
*betak₂ PMP split, cleave 1021
*betaq₂ PMP burst, split open 1024
*bentas PMP hack a passage through vegetation, blaze a trail 937
*betaw PMP sister (man speaking) 1025
*betbet PMP beat, thrash 1028
*betek₃ PMP spur or spine on an animal 11325
*betem PMP millet sp., probably foxtail millet: Setaria italica 1033
*benteŋ PMP extended, stretched taut, put under tension 939
*beteŋ₁ PMP millet sp., probably foxtail millet: Setaria italica 812
*beties PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP calf of the leg 1035
*betik₁ PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP snap the fingers; flick with the finger, fillip 1037
*betik₂ PMP tattoo 814
*betiq₂ PMP vulva, vagina 1039
*betu PMP appear, come into view 1041
*bentuk PMP curve 942
*betuŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC bamboo of very large diameter, probably Dendrocalamus sp. 1046
*betuŋ₂ PMP booming sound 1048
*betus PMP burst open, as an overfilled sack 1040
*betuʔ₁ PMP explode; explosion (as of a volcano) 1043
*betuʔ₂ PMP callus, blister 821
*bezak PMP step, tread, stamp on 1049
*biaC PAN PMP PWMP draw a bow to its full extent 1096
*biaR₁ PMP intestinal worm 1098
*bibi₁ PMP bivalve mollusk sp., lucine clam 1101
*bibiR PMP lower lip 1237
*bicik PMP splash, spatter, splatter 1104
*bidak PMP open, of the eyes 1108
*bidiŋ PMP side, edge 1112
*biŋkal PMP lump or chunk of material 1310
*bikaq₁ PMP open forcibly, force apart (as the eyelids with the fingers) 1124
*bikaq₂ PMP split 1125
*biŋkas PMP undo, untie, spring a trap 1311
*biŋku PMP coil, curve, bend, fold; to coil, to curve, to bend, to fold 1319
*biŋkuk PMP curved, bent 1317
*biŋkuŋ PMP implement with curved blade: adze; hammerhead shark 1321
*bikuq PMP bend, curve 1134
*bikut PMP hunched over 1135
*bila₁ PMP calabash tree: Crescentia spp. 1146
*bilaj PMP spread out in the sun to dry 1136
*bilak₁ PMP shine, glitter 1138
*bilaŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP to count, calculate; hold valuable 1148
*bilat₁ PMP open the eyes wide 1142
*bilat₂ PMP scar 1144
*bileR PMP cataract of the eye 1158
*bili PMP value, price 1169
*bilik PMP room 1161
*bilikuŋ PMP bend, curve 1160
*biliŋ₁ PMP turn, revolve 1171
*bilu-bilu PMP a large marine fish, the jackfish or trevally 1181
*biluk PMP to wind, curve, turn to the side; to tack, sail into the wind 1175
*b<in>ahi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC woman, wife 6941
*binaŋa PMP mouth of a river, estuary 1188
*binaR PMP flash of light 1184
*binehiq PMP seed rice, rice set aside for the next planting 1191
*b<in>elaq PAN PMP PWMP to have been split, cloven in two 881
*b<in>etik PMP tattooed, marked with a design 816
*binit₁ PMP carry dangling from the fingertips 1195
*b<in>uRuk PAN PMP PWMP to have become rotten 1771
*biŋaq PMP kind of volute shell 1303
*biŋis PMP bare the teeth 1308
*biŋit PMP moody, irritable 1309
*biqak PMP split 1209
*biqaŋ₃ PMP to split 11326
*biqel PAN PMP PWMP goiter 6463
*biqiR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP lopsided, off-balance 1213
*biqut PAN PMP PWMP curved, crooked, bent 1215
*biraŋ PAN PMP PWMP anger, angry 1234
*biras₁ PMP scar 1228
*birat PMP scar 1231
*birbir₁ PMP rim, edge, border 1239
*birbir₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP shiver, shake, tremble 1240
*biriŋ₁ PMP side, edge 1250
*birit₁ PMP to tear, rip 1243
*birit₂ PMP buttocks 1245
*biRaq₂ PMP semen, smegma 1221
*biRaq₃ PMP wild taro, elephant's ear or itching taro, Alocasia spp.; sexual itch 1219
*biRas₁ PMP semen, smegma 1226
*biRaS PAN PMP PCEMP PEMP POC roe, fish eggs 1224
*biRaSu PAN PMP PWMP cane grass, Miscanthus sp. 1223
*biReŋ PMP dark hue, possibly dark red 1241
*biRiŋ₁ PMP dark hue, possibly dark red 1246
*biRu PMP fan palm: Licuala Rumphii 1255
*bisbis PMP sprinkle water on something 1257
*biseq PMP wet; wash the anus after defecating 1262
*biseqak PMP to split 1259
*bisul PMP boil, abscess 1268
*bisuR PAN PMP PWMP satisfied from having eaten enough, satiated 1269
*bitak₁ PMP break, split 1272
*bitaquR PMP a shore tree: Calophyllum inophyllum 1275
*bitas PMP tear, rip 1277
*bitbit₂ PMP pull at body part; hold something dangling from the fingers 1279
*bities PMP lower leg (below the knee); calf of the leg 1284
*bitik₁ PMP snare, noose trap; spring up suddenly, jerk up (as a fishing line or noose trap) 1285
*bitil₁ PMP hungry; starve 1288
*bintiŋ PMP carry between two or more persons 1204
*bintiq PMP calf-kicking contest 1201
*bitiq₁ PMP small; few 1290
*bituka PMP stomach; large intestine 1107
*bituŋ₁ PMP bamboo sp. 1300
*bituqen PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC star 1295
*bituqen pitu PMP the Pleiades (= 'seven stars') 1297
*bua₁ PAN PMP PCEMP PEMP POC foam, bubbles, froth 1356
*buak PAN PMP PWMP bubbling up (as spring water) 1325
*bual₂ PMP gush or bubble up, of spring water 1328
*buaq PMP fruit; areca palm and nut; grain; berry; seed; nut; endosperm of a sprouting coconut; kidney; heart; finger; calf of the leg; testicle; various insects; scar tissue; roe; bud; flower; blossom; bear fruit; words, speech, or songs; meaning, contents of discussion; numeral classifier for roundish objects; buttock; Adam's apple; nipple of the breast; button; marble; tattooing 1331
*buaq buaq PMP (gloss uncertain) 1346
*buaq na batu PMP round stone (?) 1339
*buaq ni bities PMP calf of the leg 1340
*buaq ni kahiw PMP fruit (of a tree) 1341
*buaq ni lima PMP finger (lit. 'fruit of the hand') 1343
*buaq ni qatay PMP heart (figurative); term of endearment 4127
*buat₁ PMP harvest fruits 1350
*buat₂ PMP like, similar to, resemble 1353
*buay₁ PMP legumes, beans 1354
*buay₂ PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 1355
*bubu₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC conical bamboo basket trap for fish 1366
*bubu₄ PMP fontanelle 1369
*bubu₆ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC grandparent/grandchild (reciprocal term of address) 1370
*bu-bulu PMP betel pepper: Piper betle 11263
*bubun₁ PMP well, cistern; spring 1363
*bubun₂ PMP fontanelle; crown of the head 1639
*bubuŋ₁ PMP ridge of the roof; ridge of a mountain, peak; deck of a boat; cover the ridgepole with thatch 1374
*bubuŋ₂ PMP well, cistern; spring 1379
*bubuŋ-an PMP roof; ridge of the roof 1375
*bubuŋ-en PMP roof; ridge of the roof 1377
*bubuq PMP increase, growth 1364
*bubuR₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP jellyfish 1365
*bubuR₃ PMP a tall forest tree which emits an unpleasant odor: Sterculia foetida 10824
*buCaq PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP foam, froth 1380
*budaq₁ PMP foam, bubbles, lather, scum, froth 1407
*budaq₂ PMP immerse, dip in water 1411
*budaq₃ PMP unnaturally white; albino 1413
*budbud PMP sprinkle seed, sow seed in dibble holes 1415
*budu PMP tip, extremity 1422
*bunduk PMP elevated ground 1645
*buhaŋ PAN PMP PWMP hole, pit 1449
*buhat₂ PMP do, make, create, perform; to work; to wager: deed; thing; creation; behavior, conduct, performance; work; a bet; because, on account of, through the action of; need, use for something; necessary; for (benefactive) 1431
*buhat₃ PMP to lift, stand up, arise, emerge, begin, depart, carry; cargo; take something; take a wife 1443
*buhat-an₁ PMP lifted, carried 1445
*buhat-an₂ PMP made, created; thing made or created 1435
*buhek₁ PMP head hair 1500
*buhek₂ PMP drunkenness, intoxication 1787
*buhet PAN PMP PWMP squirrel 1450
*bui bui PMP a swing; to swing 1460
*bui₃ PMP a swing; to swing 1458
*buis PMP pull back and forth 1454
*bujeq ni wahiR PMP foam on the surface of water 1473
*bujeq₂ PMP foam, bubbles, lather, scum, froth; to foam, to bubble; foam at the mouth; fond of talking; type of white bead 1468
*buk PMP sound of a dull thud 1527
*buka PMP to open, uncover, expose 1479
*bukal₁ PMP bubble up, as spring water 1475
*buŋkaR PMP take apart, dismantle; break open 1893
*bukbuk₁ PMP bubbling, boiling 1486
*bukbuk₂ PMP hit, pound, beat 1487
*bukbuk₃ PMP weevil that infests wood, bamboo, and rice; dust produced by the boring of this insect; tooth decay, dental caries 1489
*bukbuk-an PMP attacked by wood worms 1493
*buket PMP thick, viscous 1505
*bukij PAN PMP PWMP mountain; forested inland mountain areas 1506
*buku PMP node (as in bamboo or sugarcane); joint; knuckle; knot in wood; knot in string or rope 1513
*buku buku PMP joints, nodes 1525
*buku lali PMP ankle 1519
*buku-an PMP have joints 1516
*buŋkuk PMP bent, crooked 1897
*buŋkul₁ PMP swelling; lump or bump under the skin; wad of something 1898
*bu(ŋ)kuq PMP bend, bent, bowed 1921
*bukut PMP hunchback 1512
*bulan matay PMP new moon, eclipse (lit. 'dead moon') 1546
*bulan₁ PMP kind of shellfish; eye of cateye shell 1548
*bulan₂ PMP unnaturally white, albino 1550
*bulan₃ PMP moon, month; menstruation; shell disk collar piece 1534
*bulan-bulan₁ PMP a white fish, the tarpon: Megalops cyprinoides 1532
*bulan-bulan₂ PMP each month, every month, monthly; for months 1545
*bulaR₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC cataract of the eye; hazy or blurred vision 1552
*bulaR₂ PMP unnaturally white, albino 1554
*bulat₁ PMP open the eyes wide, stare with round eyes 1557
*bulati PMP roundworm, ascaris, intestinal worm; also earthworm? 1556
*bulaw PAN PMP PWMP golden colored 1560
*bulaw-an PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG gold 1561
*bulbul₂ PAN PMP PWMP dust, pulverized stone 1568
*buli- PAN PMP PWMP prefix of the *qali, *kali- series 1591
*bulilik PAN PMP PWMP lizard sp. 1580
*buliq₁ PMP cowrie shell: Cypraea mauritiana 1582
*buliq₂ PMP rectum, anus, buttocks 1584
*buliR PMP (entire) stalk of bananas; ear of grain 1585
*bulit₁ PMP caulk, fill up a hole or crack with viscous material 1588
*bulu bulu PMP hairy; hair-like growths; plants with hair-like growths 1618
*bulu ni babuy PMP pig bristles; type of sea urchin with thin black spines 1620
*bulu ni manuk PMP chicken feathers 1621
*bulu ni mata PMP eyelash 1615
*bulu₁ PMP body hair; fur; feather; down; floss on plant stems; color; type, kind 1608
*bulu₂ PMP wash the hands 1624
*bulud₃ PMP mountain 1571
*bulun PMP companion 1598
*bulu-n PMP hair of, fur of 1614
*buluŋ₁ PMP dark blue, bluish-black 1626
*buluŋ₂ PMP medicinal herbs 1628
*buluq₁ PMP a constellation: the Pleiades 1599
*buluq₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC type of slender bamboo; Schizostachyum spp. 1601
*bulut₁ PMP hairy filaments of certain plants, husk 1606
*buna PMP batfish: Platax spp. 1636
*bunaR PMP batfish: Platax spp. 1635
*bunat PMP a plant used to stun fish: Derris elliptica 11265
*bunbun PMP fill a hole with earth; cover something with a heap of earth 1642
*buni₁ PMP hide, conceal 1648
*buni-buni PMP be secretive 1650
*bunubun PMP rice seedling 1633
*bunuq₂ PMP throw at, hit, strike with a sharp object; kill; extinguish (a fire) 1685
*bunut₁ PMP coconut husk, coir 1698
*buNuq₁ PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC a constellation: the Pleiades 1681
*buñi PMP noise, sound 1890
*buŋ PMP deep resounding sound 1918
*buŋa PMP flower, blossom; to flower, bear flowers; yield a benefit (as interest on a loan); first-born child; cotton; vulva (refined or evasive), skin rash, prickly heat; speckled (of fish); kidneys 1871
*buŋa na batu PMP coral sponge 1878
*buŋa na kahiw PMP blossom of a fruit tree 1881
*buŋa ni hapuy PMP sparks from a fire 1880
*buŋaŋ PMP flower, blossom 1882
*buŋas PMP first of anything; first fruits; prime, new, untainted, virgin 1867
*buŋbuŋ₄ PMP swell up 1886
*bu(ŋ)kas PMP to open, uncover 1894
*buŋuR PAN PMP PWMP tree sp. 1913
*buqaŋ PMP discard, throw away; banish 1715
*buqaR PMP kind of tree the leaves of which are used as poultices for boils 1708
*buqay PMP to sway, swing (as a cradle) 1714
*buqaya₂ PMP crocodile; greedy 1711
*buqbuq PMP pour, pour out, as water or grain from a container 1721
*buqeni PMP ringworm: Tinea imbricata 1726
*buqiq PMP froth, foam 1731
*buri PMP palm sp: Corypha elata 1763
*burit₂ PMP line, stripe 1762
*burit₁ PMP hind part, rear, back 1760
*burun PMP inferior type of betel nut 1774
*buRah PMP spray water from the mouth; spray a mixture of saliva and masticated medicinal herbs on an ailing body part in curing 1752
*buRah-an PMP be sprayed from the mouth 1754
*buRaw PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG drive off, chase away, expel 1737
*buRbuR₁ PMP rice porridge, rice gruel 1745
*buRbuR₂ PMP wood worm 1747
*buRehuʔ PMP envious, jealous 1748
*buRiq PMP wash, as the hands 1756
*buRit₁ PMP hind part, rear, back; base, bottom 1758
*buRsuk PMP drive or force into 1766
*buRtaq PMP earth, soil, mud 1767
*buRuk PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP rotten meat; addled eggs; bad character 1770
*busa₁ PMP foam, suds 1779
*busaw PMP glutton 1776
*busay PMP drive animals away 1778
*busbus PMP leak, spill through, stream out from a hole in a container 1781
*buseq PMP foam, bubbles 1790
*busuk PMP decayed, rotten, putrid; stinking 1795
*busuR PMP hunting bow; bow-like instrument used to card kapok fiber 1798
*busuR₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP enemy 1796
*buta₁ PMP mote in the eye; blind; blindness 1382
*buta-en mata PMP get a mote in the eye 1387
*buntal PMP puffer fish sp. 1657
*buntaŋ PMP break through, of water 1660
*butaq₂ PMP tree with poisonous sap 1811
*butbut₂ PMP pull up (as weeds), pluck (as feathers) 8372
*butbut-i PMP pull out, uproot, pluck 1396
*buteliR PMP wart; cyst; non-purulent skin eruption 1815
*buteŋ PMP short-tempered, hot-headed, quick to fight 1822
*butequl PMP burl, knot; protuberant part 1819
*bunter PMP distended, inflated (of the belly) 1662
*bunteR PMP round 1661
*buntu PMP small hill, knoll 1675
*buntu buntu PMP small hill, knoll 1677
*butu₁ PMP callus, corn; blister 1406
*buntud PMP small hill, knoll 1666
*butuk PMP knock, pound, beat 1829
*buntul PMP small hill, knoll 1668
*buntul buntul PMP small hill, knoll 1670
*butun PMP a shore tree: Barringtonia spp. 1832
*butuq PMP testicles of animals; castrate animals 1403
*butus PMP snap, break, as a rope under tension 1834
*buntut₁ PMP rear end of a chicken 1673
*buntuʔ PMP bloated, swollen (of the belly) 1678
*buuŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC buzzing or humming sound 1850
*buʔut PMP coconut husk 1915
*cabut PMP pull out with force 9476
*ca(ŋ)ket PMP sticky, stick to 2047
*cekas PMP quick, swift 2058
*cekel PMP choke, strangle 2061
*cekep PMP seize, grasp 2062
*celeb PMP sink, submerge 2066
*ceŋap PMP seize in the mouth or beak 2079
*cep(e)qak PMP crack, split, break; sound of cracking, splitting, breaking 2071
*cepuk PMP dull sound 2070
*cerik PMP shrill, of the voice 2076
*cikep PMP catch with the hands 2089
*ci(ŋ)kuk PMP bent, curved 2104
*cilak PMP to shine, of heavenly bodies 2093
*ciŋaŋ PMP gape, open the mouth 2102
*cukcuk PMP skewer 2115
*cu(l)cul PMP insert 2175
*cupcup PMP sip, suck 2139
*CabCab PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP clap, beat, hack 1935
*CaCaw PAN PMP PWMP pupil of the eye 1936
*Cakaw-an PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 1950
*CaNem-en PAN PMP PWMP what is buried or planted 7451
*Cebuj PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC natural spring, fresh water spring 2050
*CelCel PAN PMP PWMP beat, pound 2065
*Cenek PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC thorn 2069
*Cikel PAN PMP PWMP return, go back 2088
*C<in>akaw PAN PMP PWMP what is stolen, stolen goods; was stolen (past tense of direct passive) 1948
*-Cu PAN PMP PWMP 2pl deixis and spatio-temporal reference: that; there, then 2168
*Cukul PAN PMP PWMP huddle, bow the head 5706
*C<um>aki PAN PMP PWMP defecate 1957
*C<um>aŋis PAN PMP PWMP to weep, cry, mourn 7773
*Cumek PAN PMP PWMP pulverize; crumble 2118
*CuŋCuŋ PAN PMP PWMP make a booming sound 10559
*CuSuR-en PAN PMP PWMP be strung, be skewered 2152
*daₐ PMP locative case marker for plural personal names 8798
*da-amax PAN PMP PWMP father 135
*dabuk₁ PMP pound, beat 2179
*dadan PMP old, of things; ancient times 7019
*da-duha PMP two, of people 7878
*dahun-dahun PMP foliage, leaves 6929
*dahun PMP leaf; blade of paddle or oar; ‘table’ for eating 6923
*dahun nu taliŋa PMP the auricle or shell of the ear 6931
*dajem PAN PMP PWMP chills, as of malaria 2183
*daŋkaq PMP branch 2207
*dakep PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC catch, seize; embrace 7077
*dakep-en PAN PMP PWMP be caught, captured 7080
*daŋkeq PMP branch, twig 2208
*da(ŋ)ket PMP stick, adhere to 2213
*daki₂ PMP dirt on skin; dandruff; tartar on teeth 6920
*dakiS PAN PMP PWMP climb, ascend 6612
*dakit PMP join along the length; raft 2185
*dakuC PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP snatch, grab 2186
*dalayap PAN PMP PWMP kind of citrus tree and fruit 6856
*dalem PMP insides, area within, inner part of something; between; below, under; deep; mind, feelings 7108
*dalem qatay PMP hold within (of emotions, thoughts)? 7096
*dalij PMP buttress root 2189
*dalikan PMP trivet, arrangement of three stones on which the cooking pot is placed 2190
*dalit₁ PMP glue, paste, plaster, caulk 2193
*dalit₂ PMP smooth, slippery 2194
*dalu₁ PMP a flying white ant or termite 7102
*damaR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC tree resin used in torches (?) 8079
*danaw PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC lake 7109
*danum PMP fresh water 7457
*danum-an PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7463
*daŋdaŋ₁ PMP warm oneself or something near a fire; heat or dry near a fire 6964
*daŋdaŋ-an PAN PMP PWMP place something near a fire 6969
*dapa PAN PMP PWMP palm of the hand 2210
*da(m)paD PMP flat, level 2209
*dapan PMP sole of the foot 6919
*dapaR PMP flat, level, even 8069
*dapdap₁ PMP a tree with dense clusters of red flowers, the Indian coral tree, Erythrina indica 7098
*dapet PMP to place in contact with one another, come in contact, space closely 8075
*dapuR PMP hearth 8042
*daqan kahiw PMP branch of a tree 7203
*daqan₁ PMP branch, bough 7201
*daqaN PAN PMP PWMP old, ancient 7020
*daqaNi PAN PMP PWMP day 2197
*daqih PMP forehead; face 6465
*daqu₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP a tree: Dracontomelum edule 2198
*daRa₂ PMP maiden, virgin, unmarried girl 8083
*daRa-daRaq PMP bloody 7209
*daRaq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC blood; to bleed; menstruate 7205
*daRat PMP littoral sea, sea near the shore 6503
*daReq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC soil, probably clay 2200
*daRi PMP a fish: Scomberoides sp. 2201
*daRiŋ PAN PMP PWMP groan, moan 2202
*daSdaS PAN PMP PWMP chest (anat.) 2203
*dataR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC flat, flat or level land 7564
*dateŋ PMP to arrive, reach a place 7986
*datu PMP lineage priest (?) 6857
*daya PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC upriver, toward the interior 7210
*debdeb PAN PMP PWMP chest 2216
*debek PMP smack against 2217
*dedap PMP a tree: Erythrina spp. 2218
*de(ŋ)guk PMP deep throaty sound 2244
*dekdek PMP pulverize, crush by pounding 6504
*deket₁ PMP paste, adhesive (probably made of overcooked rice) 8088
*dekiŋ PAN PMP PWMP to bark, of a deer 2223
*de(ŋ)kit PMP touching or joined along the length 2245
*dekuk PMP bow, bend downward 2224
*delep PMP submerge, sink 2225
*deles PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC bowstring 2226
*demdem₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC brood, hold a grudge, remember, keep still 2227
*demdem₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC gloom, darkness; dark, overcast, gloomy 7567
*deŋan PMP with, in conjunction with; companion 6895
*deŋeR PMP to hear, listen; obey; hear about; news; fame, famous; to feel, perceive through any sense other than sight 8249
*depa PMP fathom 7748
*depdep PMP tree with dense clusters of red flowers, the Indian coral tree, Erythrina indica 8882
*depen PMP mat 2228
*depuk PMP snap, crack 2229
*de(m)pul PMP dull, blunt 2242
*depuŋ PAN PMP PWMP venomous snake 2230
*deruŋ PAN PMP PWMP deep booming sound 2237
*deRdeR PAN PMP PWMP thunder 2232
*deReŋ PMP sound of groaning, moaning, roaring, etc. 2235
*deRes PMP swiftly flowing, of water; heavy, of rain 2234
*deRuŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP distant rolling thunder 2238
*deRuŋ₂ PMP a tree: Trema orientalis 2239
*-di PMP 3p deixis and spatial reference: that, there (distant?) 2259
*di PAN PMP PWMP locative case marker (probably for singular personal names; cf. *da, *du) 8796
*di qulu PMP upstream; before 4677
*dian PMP no, not 2246
*dikeC PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP sticky, adhesive 2248
*dikit PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC little, few, small in amount 2249
*dilap₁ PMP sparkle, shine 2251
*dilaq₁ PMP tongue; tongue of tongue-and-groove joint in carpentry 7130
*dilep PMP flash, sparkle, shine 2254
*di-ni PAN PMP PWMP here 3678
*diŋa PMP to hear, listen 2264
*diŋdiŋ PMP wall of a house; partition off 6467
*diŋeR PMP hear 2265
*diqaq PMP good 2255
*diqdiq PMP to bubble, as liquid that is starting to boil; to boil, of water 8757
*diRi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG to stand 7383
*diRus PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC bathe 7330
*disdis PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG cut, slice 2256
*ditaq₁ PMP a tree: Alstonia scholaris 2257
*diteq PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP sticky substance 2258
*dudu PMP thunder 2269
*du-duha PMP (gloss uncertain) 7880
*duha PMP two 7875
*duha duha₁ PMP two by two, two at a time; two each; both 7910
*duha duha₂ PMP doubt, hesitation, uncertainty; to doubt, hesitate, be of two minds 7913
*duha-en PMP be divided into two 7907
*duku PMP bend over, stoop 2271
*duŋkuk PMP hunched over 2283
*du(ŋ)kuŋ PAN PMP PWMP bend, curve 2284
*dukut₂ PMP grass 8099
*dulaq PMP saliva; to spit 7992
*duma PAN PMP PWMP someone; other people; be different 7685
*d<um>akep PAN PMP PWMP to catch, capture; embrace 7079
*d<um>ilaq PMP to lick (?) 7132
*duŋduŋ PMP sheltered, as from wind, rain, or sun 2282
*dumpul PMP dull, blunt 2274
*duRi₂ PMP thorn, splinter, fish bone 6826
*dusuk PMP enter, penetrate 2278
*dutdut PMP pluck, pull out 2280
*duyuŋ₂ PMP dugong 7686
*embeŋ PMP a dam; to dam a stream 2331
*ebuk PMP dust, powder 2287
*ebun PMP heap, pile, swarm, flock; to swarm, assemble, gather 2288
*ebuR PMP sow, strew, scatter 2291
*edaʔ PMP vetative; don't 2294
*edem₂ PAN PMP PWMP soak, dye 2298
*enduR PMP thunder 2359
*eŋgem PMP hold something inside the mouth 2439
*egik PMP high-pitched throaty sound 2303
*e(ŋ)guk PMP make a gurgling sound 2454
*e(ŋ)kak PMP choke, gasp, struggle for breath 2456
*ekap PMP gasp for air 2306
*e(ŋ)kek PMP subdued laughter; sobbing 2458
*eŋkel PMP bent, stooped 2444
*ekeŋ PMP stiff 2312
*eŋkeŋ PMP moan, hum, howl 2447
*ekep PMP brood, sit on eggs 2310
*e(ŋ)kik PMP shrill cry 2459
*ekit PMP squeak, shriek 2313
*ekuk PMP make a croaking sound 2314
*eŋkut PMP guttural sound 2449
*elak PMP separate two things 2316
*elem₁ PMP shade, darkness 2318
*elet₁ PMP borrow, be in debt 2320
*eliŋ PMP high-pitched sound 2322
*eluŋ PMP bend, curve 2323
*ema₁ PMP father's sister, possibly address term 2324
*ema-ʔ PMP father's sister, possibly address term 2325
*emis₁ PMP sweet taste 2336
*emit PMP small in quantity, few; trifling amount 2337
*emuR PMP hold in the mouth 2351
*-en PAN PMP PWMP marker of direct passive 2381
*ena PMP catch or get caught in a trap; hit mark with spear, etc. 2355
*enap PMP scale of a fish 2354
*enem PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC six 2361
*enem enem PMP six by six, six at a time 2374
*enem ŋa puluq PMP sixty 2372
*eñep PMP sunken, submerged 2435
*eŋap PMP gasp for breath 2432
*e(ŋ)keb PMP a cover, to cover 2308
*eŋut PMP complain loudly 2453
*epaŋ PMP notch; notched 2386
*epat PMP four 5162
*epat epat PMP four at a time 5184
*empeŋ PMP block, obstruct, dam a stream 2339
*epeŋ PMP make a dull sound in the ears 2387
*epiq PMP burnt food which adheres to the pot 2389
*epit₁ PMP burnt food which adheres to the pot 2390
*empu PMP grandparent/grandchild (recipr.); ancestor; lord, master, owner 2340
*epuk PMP make a popping sound 2392
*empu-q PMP grandfather, grandmother, ancestor (vocative) 2344
*epus PMP stump, stub; finish, complete 2393
*eRes PMP shrink (of living things) 2396
*eRiq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP sword grass: Imperata cylindrica 2399
*esa PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC one 2406
*esa esa PMP one by one 2410
*esak PMP cooked, ripe 2403
*esek PMP crowded; crowd together 2411
*eseŋ PMP blow the nose by pinching off one nostril 2414
*esuŋ PMP rice mortar 2415
*etel PMP constipation; packed hard and firm 2421
*e(n)teŋ PMP stare, look fixedly at 2450
*eter PMP shake, vibrate, tremble 2422
*etes₁ PMP chop, hack, cut off 2423
*etuk PMP knock, pound, thud 2428
*ezan PMP notched log ladder 2430
*gagar PMP brave, plucky 2462
*galu PMP stir, mix 2465
*ganas PMP raw energy, animal appetite 2471
*gapgap PMP stammer 2472
*garaŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP fierce, intense, as of appetite or temper 8842
*garaŋ₂ PMP uneven, of edges, jagged, rough 8843
*garaŋ-gasaŋ PMP uneven, of edges, jagged, rough 8844
*garis PMP to brush past, rub or scrape against; draw a line 8845
*garit PMP striped, having stripes or streaks of different color 2474
*garus PMP scratch 8864
*garut PMP rub against, scrape, scratch 8581
*gaRaŋ PAN PMP PWMP small edible freshwater crab 3069
*gaRuk PMP scratch up, scrape up 11484
*gatel PMP itch, feel itchy; sexually stimulated 7151
*ga(n)tuk PMP knock against, of body parts 2482
*gaway PMP tentacles of octopus, squid, jellyfish, etc. 6472
*gayaŋ PAN PMP PWMP hunting spear 7611
*gedek PMP sound of sob 2483
*gekgek PMP animal sound 2484
*gelap₁ PMP lightning that strikes something 2486
*gem PMP hold in the fist 2494
*gemel PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC take in the hand, clasp, grasp 2489
*gemgem PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC fist; hold in the fist 7612
*gemi PMP suckerfish, remora: Echineis naucrates; hold on by biting’ 2492
*geŋ PMP dull resounding sound 2512
*gepik PMP sound of light smacking 2496
*gepit PMP pinch, squeeze between 2497
*ger PMP sound of a grunt, etc. 2505
*geret₁ PMP notch, groove 2499
*gerger₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP shake, shiver, tremble 2501
*geriC PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC sound of ripping, gnawing, etc. 2503
*ge(s)ges PMP shiver 2511
*getel PMP to pinch 9003
*getes PMP to snap, break off, as a twig 10070
*getget₁ PMP nibble, gnaw; moth 8714
*getik PMP spotted, striped 10072
*getil PAN PMP PWMP to pinch 9004
*gidik PMP to tickle 2513
*gigil PMP shiver, tremble 8263
*giŋgiŋ PAN PMP PWMP cold, shivering 8237
*gikgik PMP titter, giggle 2514
*gila PMP wild; skittish; insane 6506
*gila-gila PMP wild; insane 6507
*gilak PMP shine, glitter 2515
*gilap PMP radiance 8224
*giliŋ PMP to grind, as by rolling over 8228
*gipit PMP narrow, tight, confined 8239
*giri PMP to tickle 2518
*giRiŋ PAN PMP PWMP ringing sound 2519
*gisgis₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP rub, scrape against 2520
*gi(n)tik PMP tap or beat lightly on 2522
*gintil PMP pimple 8240
*guCguC PAN PMP PWMP pluck, pull out 2523
*gu(n)dem PMP overcast, darkened 2539
*guŋguŋ PAN PMP PWMP deep resounding sound 2537
*guham PMP a fungal disease of the oral tract: thrush 7490
*g<um>arut PMP to rub against, scrape, scratch 8584
*gur PMP purring sound 2530
*gurgur₁ PAN PMP PWMP sound of boiling water 2526
*guru PMP noise, tumult 2529
*guruq PMP noise, tumult 9358
*guRun PMP sword grass, Imperata cylindrica 10161
*gusi(ʔ) PAN PMP PWMP gums 2532
*gutgut₂ PMP front teeth, incisors; gnaw, to bite or tear off with the incisors 7300
*ha-₁ PMP adjectival prefix for adjectives of measure 2611
*ha₁ PMP marker of a tag question 2613
*ha₂ PMP ligature 5106
*ha-₂ PMP stative prefix 11384
*ha₃ PMP locative particle 5108
*haban PMP cloth used to carry a child on the back 4952
*habaRat PMP southwest monsoon 4954
*habij PMP twins of the same sex 10953
*habit PMP long cloth wrapped around body and used for carrying 4961
*habuk PMP powdery substance, dust 2541
*handem PMP think, understand 411
*hadu PMP much, many, plenty 4969
*hajek PMP smell, sniff, kiss 4977
*hakut PMP transport piecemeal; transport through repeated trips 4989
*halas PMP forest, wilderness, woods, jungle 4994
*halas + "dark" PMP primary forest, primeval jungle 4997
*halem PMP night, dark 2557
*halin PMP move, transfer 2558
*hamuk PMP attack, run amuck 2571
*hanunaŋ PMP a tree: Cordia dichotoma 2574
*haŋin PMP wind 2616
*haŋin-haŋin PMP gust, draft, current of air; rumor 2626
*haŋit PMP anger 2628
*haŋus₂ PMP odor of burnt food 2632
*hampaR PMP unroll a mat, spread out a mat 5017
*hapejes PMP smarting, stinging pain 2575
*hapejiq PMP smarting, stinging pain 5022
*hapejis PMP smarting, stinging pain 2576
*hapen PMP fishing line 2577
*haphap PMP feel, grope 5032
*hampil PMP go together 2568
*hapin PMP liner, layer, insulation, padding; sleeping mat 2580
*hapiq PMP flattened, as plants to the ground 7408
*hapit PMP press together, press between two surfaces; part of the loom 5025
*hapuhap PMP feel, grope 5035
*hapun₁ PMP dew 2585
*hapuy PMP fire 5037
*haRemaŋ PMP kind of marine eel 295
*haRezan PMP notched log ladder 2587
*haRezan na batu PMP stone stairs 2589
*haRuŋ PMP snore, groan, etc. 5062
*hasak PMP ripe; cooked 5065
*hasaŋ PMP gills 2590
*hasaq PMP whet, sharpen 5068
*hasaq-an PMP whetstone, grindstone 5074
*hasek₁ PMP dibble, plant seeds with a dibble stick 2595
*hasek₂ PMP press in, cram, crowd 2598
*hateD PMP accompany, escort, conduct, convey; send; return; escort the bride to her husband; gift of food at a wedding; send bridewealth payments 5078
*hateD-an PMP escort, accompany (imperative) 5087
*hawak PMP waist, back of the waist 5092
*hawhaw PMP wash, rinse 5099
*heban PMP carry a child with a carrying cloth 5125
*hebun PMP group, pile 2636
*hebut PMP pluck, pull up (as weeds) 5129
*hedaw PMP stop, cease, of rain 2640
*hekak PMP to crow, to caw 5138
*hema PMP tongue 5156
*hemay PMP cooked rice 5153
*hemis PMP sweet taste 2646
*hemut PMP smother, suffocate 5158
*heñaw PMP to wash 5228
*heŋak PMP out of breath 2666
*heŋaw PMP exude or escape, of air, gases or similar substances (?) 7175
*hepi PMP dream 5193
*heqe PMP yes; expression of agreement 2655
*heqeguk PMP deep guttural sound 2654
*heReŋ PMP groan, moan, roar, growl 2660
*heRet PMP to bind tightly; belt 8209
*hesek PAN PMP PWMP pierce the ground 2664
*hesi PMP flesh, meat 5200
*hetek PMP cut, sever, chop 5202
*heyup PMP blowing on (a fire, etc.) 5210
*heyup-an PMP place of blowing 5214
*hezam PMP borrow, lend 5220
*hi- PMP originate from, come from 5336
*hibun PMP cover with earth 2669
*hi-kaen PMP (??) 8022
*hikam PMP mat 5251
*hikan PMP fish 5253
*hiket PMP tie, bind, attach to by tying 5257
*hilat PMP wide open, of the eyes 2680
*himaR PMP grease, oil, fat 5278
*hin- PMP verb prefix 5292
*h<in>eban PMP what is carried on the back 5127
*h<in>ipi PMP a dream; was dreamt by 5304
*hinuq PMP beads 5290
*hiñaw-an PMP place where one washes 5340
*hiŋus₂ PMP sniff, sniffle (as with a runny nose) 5352
*hipaR₁ PMP sibling-in-law (probably of the same sex only) 2695
*hipaR₂ PMP opposite side (esp. of a river) 5295
*hipaʔ PMP lie in wait for, ambush 2697
*hipi PMP dream 5301
*hipun₁ PMP tiny sea fish that ascends rivers in huge numbers to spawn 2698
*hiras PMP cut off 2702
*hiRup PMP sip, as soup or rice wine from a bowl 5319
*hisep PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC suck, inhale 2705
*hisuq PMP clean oneself by scrubbing 2707
*hitu PMP catfish 2711
*hituq PMP catfish 2710
*hiwid PMP slanting, awry 5332
*híli PMP village, town 2760
*huab₂ PMP yawn 5360
*huaji PMP younger sibling of the same sex; younger parallel cousin of the same sex 5369
*huaji-q PMP younger sibling of the same sex (vocative); younger parallel cousin of the same sex (vocative) 6971
*huaR PMP a vine: Flagellaria indica 2719
*hubun₁ PMP fontanel 2721
*hubun₂ PMP heap, pile, collection 2722
*huhuq PMP drip or drain out 5449
*hukaq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP loosen, open 2730
*hulaR PMP snake 5387
*hulem PMP dimness, twilight 5391
*hulhul₁ PAN PMP PWMP to bark, of a dog 7237
*hulij PMP lie or sleep next to 5396
*huluR PMP lower or let down, as on a rope; pay out fishline; launch a boat 5399
*h<um>apuy PMP (gloss uncertain) 5049
*h<um>ateD PMP accompany, escort 5085
*h<um>eRet PMP tighten, fasten firmly 8214
*h<um>eyup PMP to blow 5218
*h<um>ipi PMP to dream 5306
*h<um>una PMP to do or go first 5410
*huna PMP first, before, anterior in time 5409
*huni PMP chirp, tweet, crow, produce sound (of birds) 5416
*hunus PMP withdraw, pull out, extract 5421
*huñus PMP to molt, shed the skin 2757
*hupiq PMP flower spathe of areca palm 5412
*huqhuq PMP drip or drain out 5430
*huRas PMP wash body parts, cooking or eating utensils (but not clothes) 5435
*huRhuR PMP drawstring; to thread a drawstring 5444
*huRuŋ PMP roar of a current, crashing waves, etc.; moan, groan (as in pain or when near death) 2743
*hutek PMP brain; marrow 2745
*huy PMP exclamation to express surprise, call to a friend, respond to a distant call, etc. 2750
*huyeʔab PMP to yawn 5453
*huyuŋ PMP shake, sway, as the ground in an earthquake 2749
*huʔu PMP 2sg. subject pronoun 5464
*i- PMP instrumental prefix 5334
*i babaw PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC above, on top of 430
*i dalem PMP below, beneath; inside 7090
*-i₁ PAN PMP PWMP imperative suffix 3033
*i₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC exclamation of wonder, disgust, etc. 3029
*i₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC generic marker of location in space or time 3030
*-i₂ PMP local transitive suffix 3034
*i₃ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC personal article 3031
*ia₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC 3sg. personal pronoun: he, she; him, her, it 2785
*ia₂ PMP demonstrative pronoun and adverb: this, here; that, there 2787
*iag PMP cry out, shout 2772
*iak PMP cry out, shout 2773
*i-ami PAN PMP PWMP 1pl. excl. nominative, we 9703
*ia-ni PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC this; here 3680
*iaqi PMP demonstrative marker of uncertain meaning 2781
*ias₁ PMP particle of doubt or interrogation 2782
*i-atas PMP above, on top 29
*iba iba₁ PMP remainder, surplus 2789
*ibah PMP companion, close relative, other one 2793
*ibah-an PMP companion, close relative, other one 2794
*ibak PMP break or split off 2791
*imbaŋ PMP weigh, balance, compare 2869
*ibeR PMP saliva in the mouth; drool; desire, crave, lust for 2798
*ibit PMP touch, grasp 2805
*imbu PMP stench, strong unpleasant odor 2873
*ibuk PMP dull, muffled sound 2806
*imbuk PMP nature spirit 2870
*ibut₁ PMP pull out, uproot 2809
*icud PMP budge, shift, move aside 2813
*i-Cu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP that (2p) 2172
*ida PMP they, them (cf *da) 2816
*inda₁ PMP exclamation of wonder, pain, etc. 2903
*idas₁ PAN PMP PWMP affine of Ego's generation 2814
*i-di PMP that, there 2261
*idi PMP then, at that time 2819
*idus PMP nasal mucus, snot 2820
*ieq PMP this 2821
*ihap PMP count, calculate 2823
*ihi PMP exclamation of surprise, etc. 2825
*ihiq PMP urine; urinate 8946
*ijan PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC when? 2827
*ijuŋ PMP nose 2832
*ika-duha PMP second 7900
*i-kahu PMP 2sg., you 9767
*ika-lima PMP fifth (ordinal numeral) 7398
*ika-pitu PMP seventh 8323
*ika-puluq PMP tenth 6908
*ika-siwa PMP ninth 9169
*ika-telu PMP third 8435
*ika-walu PMP eighth (ordinal) 5946
*i(ŋ)kes PMP bound firmly 3063
*ikuD PAN PMP PWMP to follow 2839
*iŋkud PMP to sit 10691
*ikuŋ PMP tail 2847
*ikuR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC tail 2840
*ikuR ikuR PMP trailing behind 2842
*ikuR ikuR ni asu PMP a plant with flowers the shape of a dog's tail, used to treat abscesses 2843
*ikuR ni mata PMP outer corner of the eye 2841
*ikut PMP to follow, join with 2846
*ilah PMP wild, timorous, shy 2849
*i-lahud PMP (gloss uncertain) 7042
*ilap₁ PMP flicker, of flames 2852
*ilap₂ PMP silhouette, shadow; glimpse of something 2853
*ilaw PMP look at (a reflection, etc.) 2854
*ileŋ PMP turn, rotate 2857
*iliŋ₁ PMP pour 2860
*iluR₁ PMP spittle, saliva 2864
*iluR₂ PAN PMP PWMP river channel 2865
*ima₁ PMP five 2867
*imu PMP 2p pronoun: you 5284
*<in> PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC perfective marker 2934
*ina PMP mother, mother's sister; female animal 2888
*i-na PMP that, there 3656
*ina ama PMP parents 2890
*ina ni lima PMP thumb 2892
*iná-i PMP mother, mother's sister (address, vocative) 2894
*in-alap PAN PMP PWMP that which has been taken; was taken by 104
*iná-ŋ PMP mother, mother's sister (address, vocative) 2895
*iná-q PAN PMP PWMP mother, mother's sister (address, vocative) 2896
*in-atay PMP dead 63
*i-ni PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC this, here 3679
*inu PAN PMP PWMP where? 2930
*i-nu PAN PMP PWMP place which is unknown or cannot be remembered: where? 3700
*inum PMP act of drinking 2912
*inum-inum-an PMP various drinks 2929
*iŋaR₁ PMP loud, unpleasant noise 3035
*iŋat PMP to note, remember; care, attention, caution 3040
*iŋepis PAN PMP PWMP thin (of material objects) 5341
*iŋsuŋ PAN PMP PWMP wooden rice mortar 3060
*iŋus PMP moan or groan 3061
*i-pa-ŋajan PMP to name, give a name to 7497
*ipen PMP tooth 2939
*i(m)pes PMP empty, deflated, shrunken 3057
*ipes PMP cockroach 5298
*ipit PMP near, come near; edge, border 2941
*impu₁ PMP collect, heap up 2879
*impu₂ PMP grandparent 2880
*iput PMP narrow 2945
*iqi PMP exclamation of surprise, pain, etc. 2947
*irid₁ PMP fan; to fan 2953
*iriŋ₁ PMP follow; accompany 2958
*iRik PAN PMP PWMP thresh with the feet (as rice) 2956
*isa isa PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP distributive; one-by-one, one at a time 2969
*isa₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG one 2965
*i-sai PMP who? 8848
*isa-ŋa PAN PMP PWMP the remaining one 2968
*ised PMP budge, shift, move aside 2974
*i-sei PMP who? 9410
*iseR PMP budge, shift, move aside 2979
*isiʔ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP flesh (of humans, animals, fruits, tubers); contents; blade of a knife; inhabitants, residents 2985
*isu₁ PMP budge, shift, move aside 3001
*isu₂ PMP interjection used to chase off animal 3002
*isud PMP budge, shift, move 2992
*isuR PMP budge, shift, move aside 2994
*iSeq PAN PMP PWMP urine, urinate 2978
*ita₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC we (incl.) 3004
*itek PMP be small, become small 3006
*i-telu PMP (gloss uncertain) 8418
*iten₃ PAN PMP PWMP we (incl.) 7699
*-i-ti PAN PMP PWMP this, here 5635
*ituk PMP small in amount 3014
*iu₃ PMP 2sg. personal pronoun: you 3000
*iuk₁ PMP cluck, squawk 3017
*iut₁ PMP little, small, trifling 3018
*iwa PMP put in the lap 3024
*iwaq PMP put in the lap 3022
*inzak PMP step on, tread on, trample 2931
*ka- -an₁ PAN PMP PWMP marker of the adversative passive 9736
*ka- -an₂ PAN PMP PWMP formative for nouns of location 9737
*ka- -an₃ PAN PMP PWMP formative for abstract nouns (often deverbal) 9738
*ka-₁ PAN PMP PWMP marker of past time in temporal expressions 3145
*ka₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC conjunctive particle, and 3146
*ka₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC conditional, if 3147
*ka-₂ PAN PMP PWMP stative marker in irrealis constructions, counterpart to *ma- in realis constructions 9727
*ka₃ PAN PMP PWMP oblique case marker for plural personal names 8800
*ka₄ PMP 2sg. subject pronoun 9941
*ka-₅ PAN PMP PWMP formative for abstract nouns of quality 9730
*ka-₇ PMP past participle/achieved state 9732
*ka-aCay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP kill (?) 35
*ka-aCay-an PAN PMP PWMP lose someone through death (?) 36
*ka-anak PMP have a child 191
*kabal₁ PAN PMP PWMP clothing 9746
*ka-besuR PMP satisfaction, satiation 1014
*kabit₁ PAN PMP PWMP hook 7239
*kambu PMP lower stomach, bladder 10238
*kabu-kabu PMP the kapok tree: Ceiba pentandra 3066
*kabuq PMP ladle, dipper, scoop, cup 9959
*kambur PMP mix 3094
*kambuR₁ PMP sprinkle, scatter (seed, etc.) 3093
*kabus₁ PMP run out, come to an end, of supplies; be poor 9733
*kabut PMP fog, haze, mist; indistinct, blurry 9734
*ka-CaSaw-an PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 2013
*ka-dataR-an PAN PMP PWMP plain, region of level land 7566
*kaen PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC eat 8008
*kaen kaen PMP (gloss uncertain) 8039
*kaen-a PMP eat it (imper.) 8028
*kaen-an PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC place where one eats; food 8030
*kaen-en PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC be eaten by someone; cooked rice 8033
*kaen-i PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC eat it! 8036
*ka-epat PMP fourth 5166
*kahi-kahiw PMP wooded, having lots of trees 7809
*kahiw PMP wood; tree 7795
*kahkah PMP scratch up the soil 7161
*kahu PMP 2sg., you 9765
*kaija PAN PMP PCEMP PEMP POC when? (in the past) 9787
*ka-isiʔ PMP well-filled 2987
*kak PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC sound of a cackle, loud laugh, etc. 3073
*kaka PMP elder sibling of the same sex 9743
*ka-kaen-an PAN PMP PWMP place where one eats 8023
*ka-kaen-en PAN PMP PWMP edible things, food 8024
*kakakₐ PMP to cackle 3072
*ka-kali PMP digging stick 7706
*kaŋkaŋ₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC resounding sound 9079
*kaŋkaŋ₃ PMP cramps, stiffening of the limbs, rigor mortis 9080
*kakaq PMP split 3152
*k-aku PAN PMP PWMP 1sg oblique: to me, for me 92
*kalaw PMP a bird: the hornbill 8592
*ka-lawaq PMP spider 8189
*kalem PMP dark 3081
*kali- PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG prefix for words with a sensitive reference to the spirit world (cf. *qali-) 10073
*kali₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP canal, ditch 3084
*kali₂ PMP a hole in the ground; to dig up, excavate, as tubers 7703
*kalu PMP to stir 9892
*kaluŋkuŋ PAN PMP PWMP deep resounding sound 10101
*kalumpaŋ PMP a tree: Sterculia foetida 3086
*kamaliR PMP bachelor’s house, men’s house 7725
*kam-ami PMP 1pl. excl., we 9704
*ka-mata PMP (gloss uncertain) 8603
*kama-udehi PMP rear part, stern or rudder of a boat 5728
*kamay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC hand 3090
*kamaya PAN PMP PWMP plant sp.: Diospyros discolor 3089
*k-ami PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC 1pl. excl. nominative pronoun, we (exclusive) 9705
*kamiri PMP the candlenut tree: Aleurites moluccana 9775
*kamit PMP scratch 3095
*kamu₂ PMP 2pl. nominative, you all 9710
*kamuniŋ PMP a tree: Murraya sp. 3097
*kamu-yu PMP 2pl. nominative and genitive; you all, your 9713
*kanaŋa PMP a tree with fragrant flowers: Cananga odorata 3104
*kanap₁ PMP creep, crawl 3099
*kanari PMP tree with edible nut, the Canarium almond: Canarium commune 9942
*kanarum PMP tree sp. 3100
*kanawa PMP a tree: Cordia spp. 3103
*kanaway PMP kind of white bird: probably gull sp. 3102
*ka-nu₂ PMP when? 3702
*k<an>uhkuh PMP claw, talon, fingernail 7275
*kaNasay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC a fish: the mullet 3101
*kaŋ PMP animal sound 3153
*kaŋa PMP be open, as the mouth 3148
*kaŋeqa PMP fissured, slightly cracked 3149
*ka-pajay-an PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7676
*kapak PMP beat the wings, flap the wings; sound of flapping 10001
*kapay PMP flutter the wings 9944
*ka(m)pet PMP plugged, stopped, blocked 3151
*ka-piliq-an PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 8123
*kampis PMP deflate, shrink 3096
*kapit PMP pinch, press between; fasten thatch together with slats in roofing a house 3110
*kampit PMP to adhere, stick to 9178
*ka-pitu PMP seven times 8312
*ka-pitu-an PAN PMP PWMP seventh month (?) 8325
*kapkap PAN PMP PWMP feel in the dark, grope 3111
*kapuR PMP lime, calcium carbonate 10045
*kaput₁ PMP tie or clasp together; to button 3113
*ka-qasiq PMP mercy, pity, affection 4320
*ka-qasiq-an PMP expression of pity or affection 4321
*kaq(e)pi PMP brace, splint 3114
*kaqit PMP to hold or pull with a hook 10003
*ka-qudip-an PAN PMP PWMP livelihood 4639
*karaŋ PMP coral, limestone 10078
*karis₁ PMP scratch, scrape 3118
*karkar PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC scratch up the earth, as a fowl 3120
*k<ar>uSkuS PAN PMP PWMP scrape, scratch something from a surface 3302
*karut₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC scrape, rasp 3124
*ka-Rabi-an PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7376
*ka-Rabiqi PMP last night 11082
*kaRaC-i PAN PMP PCEMP PEMP POC bite (imperative) 7716
*kaRakap PMP crab sp. 3115
*kaRaŋ PMP small edible freshwater crab 8859
*kaRat PMP to bite 7713
*kaRaw₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC to scratch an itch 7723
*kaRi₁ PAN PMP PWMP word, speech, language 9794
*kaRiqit PMP sound of scratching 3117
*kaRud PMP scrape, grate, rasp 3121
*kaRuki PMP sand crab 3122
*kaRus PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC scrape 3123
*kasambiʔ PMP a tree: Schleichera trijuga 3126
*kasaw₁ PMP rafter, diagonal bamboo poles to which thatch panels are lashed 7637
*kasaw₂ PMP kind of reed-like plant (?) 7638
*kaskas₁ PMP loosen, untie 3128
*kaskas₃ PMP scrape, scratch 9962
*kaS(e)pal PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP thick, of solid objects 3130
*kaSiw-en PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7806
*katadu PMP large green hairless stinging caterpillar 3132
*ka-takut PMP (gloss uncertain) 7426
*kataman PMP door, doorway 6801
*ka-tanem-an PAN PMP PWMP area that is planted(?) 7447
*katapaŋ PMP tree sp. 9964
*ka-taqu₂ PMP right hand, right side 10231
*ka-tau-an PMP (gloss uncertain) 2017
*katawa PAN PMP PWMP castor bean: Ricinus communis L. 10249
*katawan PMP fish sp. 3134
*ka-telu PMP all three, three together, three in total 8421
*katik PMP high-pitched sound of striking against something hard but not resonant 10005
*katimun PMP tree sp. 10006
*katiR PMP canoe hull, small outrigger canoe 8452
*katkat₂ PAN PMP PWMP come undone, of stitches 9799
*katu PMP send 7156
*katuk PMP knock 3136
*kauŋ PMP reverberate, of a sound 3138
*ka-wanaN PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP right (side, hand, direction) 9475
*kaway₁ PMP wave the hand or arms; call by waving 6469
*kaway₂ PMP tentacles of octopus, squid, jellyfish, etc. 6470
*kawayan PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP bamboo, Bambusa spp., probably Bambusa spinosa 9776
*kawil₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC fishhook 7240
*ka-wiRi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP left side or direction 5999
*kawit PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC hook 7243
*kayaw PMP headhunting 6527
*ka-zalan-an PAN PMP PWMP improvised trail, trail made by passing through? 7593
*kazaŋ₂ PMP palm leaf awning, usually on boats 9925
*kebet PMP tie by binding around 10053
*kebit PMP touch or tap so as to draw someone's attention 3154
*kebkeb PMP to enclose, shut in 9115
*kembuŋ PMP swollen, filled out 10055
*kebuR PMP agitated, of water 9895
*kendal PMP a tree: Cordia spp. 10144
*kedeŋ PMP to stand; stretch out, as the body 9966
*kedi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP small in size or amount 3158
*kedip PAN PMP PWMP to blink 3156
*kek PMP squawk 3160
*keŋkeŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC hollow, resounding sound 3203
*keŋkeŋ₂ PMP cramps, stiffening of the limbs 3204
*keŋkeŋ₃ PMP shrink 3205
*ke(k)kek PMP to cluck 3206
*kelap₂ PMP shine, sparkle, twinkle 9946
*kelaq PMP crack, split 3162
*kelas PMP to peel, skin off 3163
*kelem PAN PMP PWMP dark, overcast, visually obscure 8717
*keleŋ₁ PMP cut into pieces 3166
*kelip PAN PMP PWMP to blink 3167
*kemel PMP take in the hand, clasp, grasp 9356
*kemes PMP grip, compress, squeeze 9973
*kemi PMP suckerfish, remora: Echineis naucrates; hold on by biting 3168
*kemiq PMP urinate 3169
*kemkem₂ PAN PMP PWMP bite down hard 10079
*kemuR PMP to hold liquid in the mouth; to gargle 9967
*kena₁ PMP be ensnared, caught in a trap; suffer, undergo, be struck by something; be entrapped or deceived; hit the mark, be ‘on target’, correct, right, true 3173
*kenas PMP preserved meat or fish 3172
*keñej PMP sink, drown 3202
*keŋ₁ PMP hollow, resounding sound 3210
*keŋ₂ PMP stiff, as a corpse 3211
*kepik PMP dent 3177
*kepit PMP press together; pressed together; carry under the arm, press between the legs 9181
*kempu PMP grandchild 10256
*kepuk PMP beat, crunch, break 3178
*ke(m)pus PMP come to an end 3208
*kerap PMP shine, sparkle, twinkle 9947
*keriq PAN PMP PWMP chattering, crying of monkeys 3184
*keriqik PMP shrill sound 3183
*kerit PMP scratch, grate 3185
*keRan₁ PAN PMP PWMP scab on a wound 8883
*keRaŋ₁ PMP deep reverberating sound 3181
*keRaŋ₂ PAN PMP PWMP scab, crust on a wound 3182
*keRaŋ₃ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC dry 8884
*keRas PMP hard, strong, inflexible; vehement 10146
*keRet PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC cut something slender or soft; reap crops 7120
*keRkeR PAN PMP PWMP shake, tremble 3186
*ke(R)lap PMP flash, shine 3209
*keRteŋ PMP kind of striped or spotted marine fish, grouper: Epinephelus spp. 3187
*keRuŋ PAN PMP PWMP resounding sound 3190
*keRut PMP to gnaw, sound of gnawing on something 10087
*keseR PAN PMP PWMP strength, vigor, force 11019
*keskes₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC scratch, scrape 3192
*keteb PMP to bite 3194
*keteŋ PMP straighten out, of a limb, etc. 3195
*ketep₁ PMP to bite 9363
*ketil PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC pinch off 3196
*ketuk PMP to knock, pound 10010
*ketuq PMP pick, pluck, break off 7732
*kezem PAN PMP PWMP close the eyes 3199
*kezeŋ PMP to stand; straighten out 9972
*kezut₁ PMP to start, jump when startled 9978
*ki- PAN PMP PWMP prefixed to a noun means ‘to get, obtain, collect, gather’ (noun) 8785
*ki₂ₐ PMP oblique case marker for singular personal nouns 8788
*kiak PMP to squawk, as a frightened chicken 10080
*kiaw PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC puling sound of a bird 3214
*kiCiŋ PAN PMP PWMP body part 3215
*kidi PMP to tickle 3217
*kiDkiD PMP to file, rasp 10012
*kik PMP a peep, squeak, giggle 3219
*kikik PMP to squeak, as a mouse; to giggle 9900
*kiŋkiŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP ringing sound 3248
*kiŋkiŋ₃ PMP little finger, pinky 7663
*kikit PMP small, trifling 9931
*kikuR PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP tail 8891
*kilab PMP flash, sparkle 3220
*kila-kilat PMP shine, flash repeatedly 7280
*kilala PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC to know (a person), recognize, be acquainted with; to feel, perceive 8773
*kilap PMP flash, sparkle 7271
*kilat₁ PMP lightning 7277
*kilat₂ PMP open the eyes wide 3222
*kilep PMP glance, glimpse 3225
*kilik₁ PMP to tickle 8696
*kiliŋ PMP leaning sideways, listing (as a boat) 3228
*kiluŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC curved; bay 3229
*kiluq PMP to bend, curve; bent, curved, crooked 9949
*kima PMP giant clam, Tridacna gigas 7811
*kimet PMP blink; flash 3230
*k<in>aen PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC was eaten; what was eaten 8025
*k<in>ali-an PMP place that has been dug up 7710
*k<in>a-tau-an PMP nature, character 2019
*kinit PMP pinch, nip, pluck 3234
*k<in>uja PAN PMP PWMP what has been said/done (to cause someone to react)? 7469
*kiŋ PMP ringing sound 3255
*kiŋeR PAN PMP PWMP to hear 10059
*ki(m)pes PMP deflate, shrink 3251
*kipit PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC narrow; pinch between tongs, etc. 9932
*kiput PMP narrow 10015
*kiras PMP scar 3237
*kirik PMP to tickle 3238
*kiRam PMP axe or adze 3236
*kiRay PMP pandanus sp., used in making mats 7915
*kiRkiR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP rasp, file 6705
*kiRus PAN PMP PWMP scrape 3239
*kiseg PMP twist spasmodically, wriggle 9953
*kiskis PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP to shave, scrape off 9836
*kiSkiS PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP scrape off 3240
*kita₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC we (incl.) 7701
*kita₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to see 8527
*kita-en PAN PMP PWMP be seen by someone (?) 8533
*kitik₁ PMP to tickle 9906
*kitik₂ PMP to tick, make a ticking or light knocking sound 10127
*ki-tunuh PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 2132
*kiud PMP movement in coitus; sexual intercourse 3244
*kiuk PMP peep, cheep 3245
*kiuq PMP movement in coitus; sexual intercourse 9379
*kiwkiw PAN PMP PWMP to wave, wag (tail); to stir (people) up 9802
*ki(n)zak PMP tread, step 3253
*-ku PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG 1sg genitive (marker of non-subject agency and possession; my; by me) 8769
*ku PAN PMP PWMP oblique of common nouns (cf. *ki, *ka) 8801
*kua₁ PMP how?, How is it? What is the matter? 7466
*kuak PMP deep cry; bird with deep cry 3256
*kuan₁ PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP hamlet; kin-based residential unit 3257
*kuaw PAN PMP PWMP kind of bird and the sound of its call 3258
*kumbal PMP dry sago branch 3276
*kubu PMP field hut in the rice fields 9937
*kudem PAN PMP PCEMP PEMP POC darkened by clouds, overcast 3259
*kuden PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC clay cooking pot 6510
*kudeŋ PAN PMP PWMP clay cooking pot 9249
*kudin PMP clay cooking pot 6511
*kudis PAN PMP PWMP scurfy skin disease; scabies 3260
*kudkud PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP hoof, lower leg of an ungulate 3262
*kuDkuD PMP to scrape, rasp, grate, as in grating coconuts 9840
*kuhkuh₁ PMP scrape 7266
*kuhkuh₂ PMP claw, talon, fingernail 7273
*kuja₂ PMP how?, how is it? what is the matter? 7468
*kuk PMP sound of sob, croak, etc. 3265
*kukun PMP tree sp.: Schoutenia ovata 3263
*kukuŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP small bird that produces a deep resounding call 9183
*kuŋkuŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP deep resounding sound; slit-gong, hollowed tree trunk used to send messages 9184
*kuŋkuŋ₂ PMP curve, curved; hollow 9185
*kuŋkuŋ₃ PMP shrink 3316
*kukuq PMP stick to, adhere firmly 9987
*kulat₁ PMP open the eyes 3270
*kulat₂ PMP bracket fungus, Polyporus spp. 8466
*kuliliŋ PMP round about, around, in one’s surroundings; go around 8697
*kulit PMP skin; hide; rind; bark 7214
*kulu₁ PMP a tree: Artocarpus sp. 3274
*kuluŋ PMP curl, curve 3275
*kuluR PMP breadfruit 7651
*kulut PMP curly-haired 9843
*k<um>aen PAN PMP PWMP to eat 8027
*k<um>ahiw PMP (gloss uncertain) 7803
*k<um>ali PAN PMP PWMP to dig up, excavate, as tubers 7708
*kuman PMP tiny parasite on the body, itch mite, chicken louse 7104
*kumaŋ PMP hermit crab 7474
*k<um>aRat PMP to bite 7721
*kumi PMP moustache 8468
*kumis PMP moustache, beard 8001
*k<um>ita PAN PMP PWMP to see 8532
*k<um>uja PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7470
*kumuR PMP gargle, rinse the mouth 7666
*k<um>utu PMP to delouse 7650
*kunij PMP turmeric: Curcuma longa 7652
*kunkun PMP shrink 3278
*kunu₂ PMP it is said, people say..... 9878
*kunut PMP pinch 3279
*kuŋ PMP sound of cooing or barking 3321
*ku(ŋ)kuŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP deep resonant sound; name of a bird with deep resonant cry 3322
*kupit PAN PMP PWMP press together, close tightly 3280
*kupkup₃ PMP to clutch, hold tightly 9991
*kumpuŋ PMP maimed, amputated, of a limb 3277
*kumput PMP maimed, amputated, of a limb 9383
*kur PMP word used to call chickens, etc. 3296
*kurap PAN PMP PWMP ringworm 9778
*kur(e)qit PMP scratch mark, line 3297
*kuris₁ PAN PMP PWMP scurfy skin disease; scabies 3290
*kurkur PAN PMP PWMP dig in the soil 10020
*kuru₁ PMP word used to call chickens, etc. 3294
*kuruq PMP noise, clamor 10091
*kurut PMP curly-haired 9849
*kuRapu PMP a fish, the sea perch, giant rock cod, giant grouper: Epinephelus spp. 8519
*kuRaw PMP edible marine fish 3283
*kuRita PMP octopus 7149
*kusik PMP scream of a monkey 3300
*kusu₁ PMP rub two things together, create friction, as sticks to make fire, or the hands 3305
*kuSa PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP work 3299
*kutaña PMP ask, inquire about 3307
*kutkut₂ PAN PMP PWMP scrape off 9850
*kutu₁ PMP head louse; sparks from a fire; water striker (insect that walks on water) 7641
*ku(n)tus PMP break under tension 3319
*laba PMP big, large 11385
*labak PMP wide open 3323
*la(m)bak PMP slam something down 3383
*laban₂ PMP oppose, go against someone 11388
*laban-an PMP oppose, go against someone 11389
*labaw PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP rat 8172
*lambeg PMP throw, cast 6512
*labeR PMP wide 3324
*labi PMP excess; more than; surpass 3326
*labiq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP excess, surplus 8759
*lambuk PMP knock, pound, beat 3346
*la(ŋ)gaʔ PMP to heat food 3396
*lagi PMP emphatic particle 3329
*lahud PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC downstream, toward the sea 7039
*lajam PAN PMP PCEMP PEMP POC familiar with, accustomed to 7492
*lajaq PMP pepper; to sting, of a wound or spices in food 11404
*laji₁ PMP tree with poisonous sap, (probably Antiaris toxicaria) 3332
*lajih PMP dolphinfish 3331
*lakaj PMP to stride, take a step 7850
*laŋkaq PMP step, stride; to omit or skip over 9095
*la(ŋ)kas PMP spirited, energetic 3397
*lakas PMP quick, energetic, strong 9096
*laŋkaw PMP high, tall 3382
*lakaw PMP to be in motion; go, walk 7859
*lakaw lakaw PMP wander about 7863
*la(ŋ)ket PMP stick, adhere to; sticky, viscous 3399
*laki PMP male, masculine; man 3334
*lakup PAN PMP PWMP cover, wrapping 7872
*lalak PMP trochus shell 9118
*la-lateŋ PMP stinging nettle: Laportea spp. 7169
*lalej PMP housefly 7572
*lali PMP ankle bone (?) 11405
*la-lima PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC five (in counting people) 7390
*la-limas PMP bailer, instrument used for bailing 8535
*laliŋ PMP ankle bone (?) 11406
*laluŋ PMP cock, rooster 3339
*lama PMP lie on a surface, of water 3342
*lama PAN PMP PWMP old, former 3343
*lamak PMP mat 3340
*lamlam₁ PAN PMP PWMP impetuous 3347
*lamu PMP seaweed sp. 3353
*lamug PMP to mix 10656
*lamuk₂ PMP mosquito 6882
*lamun PMP swamp grass 3352
*lamut PMP seaweed sp. 9387
*laña PMP vegetable oil 3381
*laŋaq₁ PMP gape, open wide 3379
*laŋaw PMP bluebottle, blowfly, horsefly 7574
*laŋaw-en PAN PMP PWMP infested with flies, covered with flies 7576
*laŋen PMP rollers for beaching a canoe 6729
*laŋ(e)si PAN PMP PWMP unpleasant odor 3395
*laŋit PMP sky 7529
*laŋu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP vertigo 3393
*lampaŋ PMP go 3349
*lampaq PMP walk, go 3348
*lapaR PMP hungry 7577
*laplap PAN PMP PWMP loose (as of clothing) 3356
*laqia PMP ginger 6972
*laRaŋ PAN PMP PWMP to forbid 3360
*laRiw PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP run, run away, flee, escape 3361
*laseR PMP scrotum and testicles 7578
*lateŋ PMP stinging nettle: Laportea spp. 7167
*la(n)tuk PAN PMP PWMP curved, bowed 3390
*latuq PMP edible seaweed sp. 3368
*lauŋ PMP howl 3370
*lawa₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP wide 3373
*lawan PMP kind of long fishnet 3374
*lawaq₁ PMP dip net, scoop net 7101
*lawaq₂ PMP spider; spiderweb 8178
*lawaq-lawaq PMP spiderweb 8179
*lawas₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG wide, broad 3371
*lawi₁ PMP long tail feathers of bird or rooster 7029
*lawit PMP hook 3376
*layap PAN PMP PWMP to fly 3378
*layaR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC sail 7409
*layu PAN PMP PWMP wither, wilt 7111
*lebeŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC to bury 7171
*lebet PMP set close together, dense, luxuriant 3401
*lecik PAN PMP PWMP fly off, of solid bits or water droplets 3404
*lecit PMP squeeze out, squirt out 3405
*le(ŋ)gur PMP thunder 3451
*le(ŋ)kaŋ PMP separate, disunite 3454
*le(ŋ)kaq PMP to split open 3453
*lekas₁ PMP open, undress, remove, release 3407
*leken PMP coil 3408
*lekes PMP roll, curl up 3410
*leŋkiq PMP scream 3442
*leku PMP bend, fold, folding part of the body; curl up on the ground, of an animal 3411
*leŋkuŋ PMP concave, curved inward 11476
*lem PMP in, inside 8333
*lemek₁ PAN PMP PWMP soft 3412
*lemek₂ PMP fertile, of soil 3413
*lemeŋ₁ PMP wet, of soil 3415
*lemer PMP soaking wet 3414
*lemes PMP stifle, suffocate; drown 11392
*lemlem PAN PMP PWMP dark, of weather; overcast 3418
*leŋen PMP forearm, lower arm 7763
*lepak₁ PMP break, crack off 3420
*lepaw₂ PMP field hut, granary 7769
*lepet₂ PMP to fold 11467
*lepik PMP snap, break off (twigs, etc.) 3425
*lepit₁ PMP thin layer 3426
*lepit₂ PMP to fold 11468
*le(p)lep PMP submerge, sink 3450
*lepu PMP fish with poisonous dorsal spines 3431
*lepuq₂ PMP fish with poisonous dorsal spines 9390
*leput PMP blow out, force out 3430
*leseq PMP nit, egg of a louse 3433
*le(n)tak PMP clack the tongue 3448
*lezep PAN PMP PWMP submerge, disappear under water 3438
*lian PMP to change appearance 8681
*liaŋ PMP cave, cavern 8744
*limbun PMP heap up, pile up (as earth); dam 3469
*libuR PMP murky, clouded, turbid 3458
*liduŋ PAN PMP PWMP shelter, cover, protection; shade 9153
*linduR PMP earthquake 7476
*likaw PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP curve, bend, winding 7531
*likes PMP wrap firmly around, encircle tightly 10985
*liket PMP sticky, adhesive 3464
*liku₁ PMP deep place in a river 3466
*likud PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP back 7535
*likud-an PAN PMP PWMP back area, place at the back? 7539
*liku-likud PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7540
*likut PMP curled up 3465
*lileq PMP whirlpool 8284
*lilin PMP beeswax 3467
*liliŋ PMP askew, in a slanting direction 3468
*lima PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC five 7384
*lima ŋa puluq PMP fifty 7385
*lima-lima PMP five by five, in groups of five 7404
*limas PMP bail out a canoe 8534
*limes PMP to drown 11396
*limun PMP to conceal; be concealed 11459
*limut PMP moss, algae 8146
*linaŋ PMP calm, tranquil, of the surface of water 9394
*linuŋ PMP calm, tranquil, of the surface of water 9392
*linuR PAN PMP PWMP earthquake 3472
*liŋ₁ PMP sound of ringing 3500
*liŋ₂ PMP word, speech 3501
*liŋak PMP turn to the side 3484
*liŋaw PAN PMP PWMP shadow 3486
*lipen PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC tooth 7105
*lip(e)qit PMP press between two flat surfaces 9032
*lipet PAN PMP PWMP to fold, fold over 9031
*lipis PMP thinness, of materials 8861
*liqeR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC neck 7356
*lisehaq, liseqah PMP nit, egg of a hair louse 7818
*litek PMP muddy; sticky, as mud 3479
*liteq PMP sap of a tree or plant 3480
*li(n)tik PMP snap off, snapping or clicking sound 3497
*litlit PAN PMP PWMP wind around, bind by winding around 11460
*liu₁ PMP surpass, exceed 7918
*liuS PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC circumambulate, circumvent 3481
*liut₂ PMP to twist, as a limb 7921
*luab PMP swell up, as boiling rice; boil over 3510
*luaŋ PMP hole in the ground 8164
*luaq PMP spit out (food, substances alien to the body), to spew 8161
*luas PMP outside; outside area; spacious, roomy 8168
*lubaŋ₁ₐ PMP hole, pit 7312
*lumbar PMP set free 3522
*lumbu PMP plant sp. 3523
*luCuŋ PAN PMP PWMP the Formosan rock monkey: Macaca cyclopis 6845
*ludaq PMP saliva; to spit 7993
*luheq PMP tears 7668
*lujan PMP cargo; load a canoe 3515
*lukuC PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP parasitic plant sp. 3518
*lukut PMP roll or crumple up 3520
*luluj PMP shin 7542
*lulun PMP to roll up, as a mat 7544
*lum PAN PMP PWMP ripe 3531
*l<um>akaw PMP to go 7862
*lumeŋ PMP smeared, smudged, dirty with 3527
*lumes PMP smeared, smudged, dirty with 3526
*lumiq PMP to fold, hem 3528
*lumu₂ PMP soft, tender, gentle 3530
*lumuk PMP oily, as the hair or skin 3525
*lumut PMP moss, algae, seaweed 7757
*lumut-an PMP covered with moss 7759
*lumut-lumut PMP moss 7761
*lu(ŋ)kas PMP remove, loosen, untie 3550
*lupa PMP to forget 11487
*lupaS PAN PMP PWMP spit, spit out 3533
*luqar PMP outside 8167
*luqaR PMP outside, wide open spaces; loose 8166
*luqemit PMP to fold, press 11503
*luqepit PMP press between two flat surfaces 11507
*lurus PMP straight 3538
*lusuŋ PMP rice mortar 11037
*luten PMP firewood 3542
*ma-₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC stative prefix 8752
*ma-ala PAN PMP PWMP be fetched, be taken 7786
*ma-alap PAN PMP PWMP be taken 99
*ma-anak PMP bear children, give birth 193
*ma-bahu PMP smelly, stinking 7006
*ma-bañaw PMP wash the hands 758
*ma-baseq PMP wet, moist, damp 6446
*ma-belaq PAN PMP PWMP be split, in two 882
*ma-beReqat PMP heavy; burdensome 969
*ma-besuR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP satiated, full from eating 1016
*ma-buaq PMP bear fruit; fruitful, filled with fruit 1334
*ma-buhek₁ PMP drunk, intoxicated 1789
*ma-bujeq PMP foamy, bubbly 1470
*ma-buRaw PAN PMP PWMP driven away, chased off 1741
*ma-buRuk PMP rotten, as meat; addled, as eggs; bad, of character 1773
*ma-buta PMP blind 1390
*ma-dajam PAN PMP PCEMP PEMP POC accustomed to, tame 2182
*ma-dajem PAN PMP PWMP chills, as of malaria 2184
*ma-dalem PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC deep 7092
*ma-dalis PAN PMP PCEMP PEMP POC smooth, slippery 2192
*ma-dalit PMP smooth, slippery 2195
*ma-daRaq PAN PMP PWMP bloody, bleeding; to menstruate 7207
*ma-demdem PAN PMP PWMP dark, overcast, gloomy 7569
*ma-epat PMP divided into four (?) 5169
*ma-esak PMP cooked, ripe 2404
*ma-gatel PMP itchy 7152
*ma-hataq PMP raw, uncooked 2603
*ma-hemis PMP sweet 2648
*ma-heRet PMP tight, firm 8211
*ma-heyaq PMP shy, embarrassed; ashamed 5206
*ma-huab₁ PMP to yawn, yawning 5362
*ma-hulem PMP dim, dark 5393
*mai PMP and 3574
*ma-iRaq PMP red 4570
*ma-isa PMP only, alone 2970
*ma-isiʔ PMP filled with 2988
*maja PMP dry up, evaporate 7549
*maka-duha PMP do something twice (?) 7886
*ma-kaen PAN PMP PWMP will eat (?) 8010
*maka-enem PAN PMP PWMP six times (frequentative multiplicative) 2366
*maka-lima PAN PMP PWMP five times 7391
*maka-pija PAN PMP PWMP (for) how many days? 8052
*maka-pitu PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 8314
*ma-kaRat PMP to be bitten 7719
*maka-Sepat PAN PMP PWMP four times 5170
*maka-walu PAN PMP PWMP eight times (frequentative, multiplicative) 5947
*ma-keseR PAN PMP PWMP strong, vigorous, energetic, forceful 11020
*maki-empu PMP grandchild 2345
*ma-kiluq PMP bent, crooked, twisted 9950
*ma-kuja PAN PMP PWMP what are you doing? what’s happening? 7471
*ma-kutu PMP having lice, lice-infested 7643
*ma-laŋu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP dizzy, drunk 3394
*ma-laRiw PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP run, run away, flee 3362
*ma-layu PMP wilted, withered 7112
*mali PMP a plant: Leea spp. 8448
*mali-mali PMP a plant, Leea spp. 3566
*maliqi PAN PMP PWMP pregnant 3563
*maliraŋ PMP sulphur 3564
*ma-litlit PAN PMP PWMP be or become wound around something 11461
*ma-lumu PMP soft, tender, gentle 6432
*mama PMP parent’s younger sibling, junior uncle; a young child’s term of address for his father, vocative of *ama 8746
*ma-maja PMP dry up 7550
*mamaq PMP chew without intending to swallow, as betel nut; premasticate food to give to an infant; premasticated food 8748
*ma-m-atay PMP as if dead? 66
*m-ami PMP 1pl. excl. genitive, our 9706
*mamin PMP a fish: wrasse spp. 3567
*ma-najam PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC accustomed to, familiar with; tame 3642
*ma-naŋis PMP to weep, to cry 2043
*ma-niwaŋ PMP thin, of people and animals 7052
*manu PAN PMP PWMP interrogative marker: which? 3571
*manuk PMP chicken 6949
*manu(k)-manuk PMP bird 6951
*ma-nuRuq PMP lucky 3713
*ma-Nipis PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC thin (of materials) 8673
*ma-Nuka PAN PMP PCEMP PEMP POC wounded 3708
*ma-ñawa PMP to breathe 7970
*maŋa PMP prenominal marker of plurality 6668
*ma-ŋali PMP to dig, dig up 7704
*maŋan PMP eat 3576
*maŋaq PMP slit, crevice 3577
*ma-ŋáyaw PMP go headhunting 6528
*ma-ŋilu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP painful, as of teeth on edge from eating something very sour 7505
*maŋ-inum PMP to drink (trans.) 2920
*maŋ-qanitu PMP make offering to spirits (?) 4210
*maŋ-qezen PMP bear down, press out, as in defecation or childbirth 4507
*maŋsit PMP vile smell 3579
*maŋ-tunuh PMP to roast 2135
*ma-panas PMP warm, hot 3795
*ma-paqiC PAN PMP PWMP bitter (?) 6874
*ma-penuq PMP full 6988
*ma-pia PMP good 8640
*ma-pilay PMP lame, crippled 11051
*ma-piliq PMP choosy, fussy, fastidious 8117
*ma-pizpiz PAN PMP PWMP closely spaced, set close together 7415
*mampus PMP gone, used up 3568
*ma-putiq PMP white 7946
*ma-qajaw PAN PMP PWMP sunny, hot 4150
*ma-qañud PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP adrift 4414
*ma-qasin PMP salty 4309
*ma-qasiq PMP to pity, have mercy on, feel compassion for 4322
*ma-qasu PMP smoky 4336
*ma-qataq PAN PMP PWMP raw, unripe 4341
*ma-qati PMP ebb, of water in streams; low tide 4145
*ma-qesak PMP ripe; cooked; ready to eat 4479
*ma-qe(n)sem PMP sour 4514
*ma-qetaq₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP raw, unripe, green (fruit), uncooked 4488
*ma-qeti PMP low, of the tide 4492
*ma-qitem PMP black, deep blue 4590
*ma-qudip PMP living, alive; grow, flourish; fresh; heal, cure, revive, recover; vital principle, soul, spirit; flame 4640
*ma-quSaw PAN PMP PWMP thirsty 4750
*ma-qutaŋ PMP be in debt, owe 4760
*ma-quzaN PAN PMP PWMP rainy 4783
*ma-rara PMP red 4830
*maR-amax PAN PMP PWMP to be father and child 136
*maR-anak PMP give birth; have a child 198
*ma-Raqan PMP light in weight 4827
*maR-buaq PAN PMP PWMP bear fruit 1336
*maRe-anak PAN PMP PWMP parent and child 199
*maR-ina PAN PMP PWMP to be mother and child 2898
*maR-kaban PMP to be friends with, to be a companion of 9701
*maR-luheq PMP to shed tears, weep 7670
*maR-qani PAN PMP PWMP harvest; to harvest 4227
*ma-Ruqanay PMP male 4939
*ma-saki-sakit PMP to fall ill, become very sick 8343
*ma-sakit PMP sick, painful 8340
*ma-saŋa PMP split, forked, as a branch or path 8806
*maS PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC and 3572
*ma-Sasak PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC ripe; cooked 5066
*ma-SateD PAN PMP PWMP escort, accompany 5079
*mata PMP eye, face, focal point, center or most prominent part; hole, aperture; doorway, window; budding part of plant; ‘eye’ of coconut; knot in wood; sun; core of a boil; blade of a knife; to awaken; operculum of a snail; mesh of a net; eye of a needle; noose of a trap; hearth; direction of the wind; head of a river; spring, source; lid, cover 8602
*mata nu bisul PMP core of a boil 8616
*mata nu haŋin PMP point of the compass, direction of the wind 8617
*mata nu hikan PMP callus on the foot (lit. ‘fish eye’) 8619
*mata nu kahiw PMP knot in wood 8621
*mata nu qalejaw PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC sun (‘eye of the day’) 8628
*mata nu susu PMP nipple of the breast 8629
*mata nu wahiR PMP spring of water, source of a river 8630
*mata nu zalan PMP middle of the road, most trodden part of a path or road; guide who shows the way 8632
*ma-takaw PMP stolen 1941
*ma-takut PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC fearful, afraid 7427
*mantalaq PMP the morning (evening) star: Venus 3570
*mata-mata PMP spy, scout, one who looks for possible danger ahead 8635
*ma-taŋis PMP tearful, crying easily 2042
*ma-taqu₁ PMP to be capable, able, knowledgeable 7842
*ma-taqu₂ PMP right side 7846
*ma-tawa PMP to laugh 2029
*m-atay PMP die; dead; sick; tired (of); faint, lose consciousness; eclipse; new moon; extinguished; blocked (path); paralyzed; numb, asleep (limbs); die down (wind); waterless (springs, rivers); dry up (plants); beaten (in a game); fixed (price); terminate a matter, reach an agreement; disaster; intensive, superlative; desire intensely, be deeply in love 38
*m-atay m-atay PMP die in throngs; be on the verge of death 68
*m-atay-an PMP lose someone through death 42
*-matek PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP jungle leech, Haemadipsa spp. 6861
*ma-telu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC (gloss uncertain) 8424
*ma-teRas PMP hard, solid 8707
*ma-tiduR PMP sleeping; to sleep 8355
*ma-tuduq PMP leaking, dripping (as a leaky roof) 8187
*ma-tuduR PMP sleeping; to sleep 8361
*ma-tunuh PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG roasted 2134
*ma-tuqah PMP old, of people; very, extremely; to die, dead (euphemism) 8508
*ma-tuqaS tuqaS PAN PMP PWMP old, elder, senior 8514
*ma-udehi PMP behind, last 5730
*ma-ulaw PAN PMP PWMP dazed, confused 5765
*ma-zauq PMP far 8105
*mekmek PMP broken to bits 3582
*meñak PMP fat, grease; ointment 6846
*mepis PMP thin 3583
*mesmes PMP grasp, grip, squeeze 3584
*me(n)tik PMP ant sp. with venomous bite 3585
*m<in>aCay PAN PMP PWMP burial ground (?) 64
*minaŋa PMP mouth of a river, estuary 3586
*m<in>ata PMP open-eyed (?) 8607
*miñak PMP fat, grease; ointment 6849
*mipis PMP thin, of materials 8863
*miqmiq PMP urine, urinate 3587
*misik PMP sucking noise made as a signal to another person 3588
*mu- PAN PMP PWMP movement prefix 8789
*muda PMP young (of fruits); immature; light (of colors) 7657
*mujiŋ PAN PMP PWMP face (human) 7282
*mujiŋ-an PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7283
*muken PMP omen dove 3629
*mula PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP to plant 3630
*mulmul PMP hold in the mouth and suck 3631
*muquŋ PMP fish sp. 3634
*muRmuR PMP gargle, rinse the mouth 3635
*muntay PMP kind of citrus tree and its fruit 3633
*mutu₁ PMP damsel fish 3637
*-na PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC distal spatio-temporal deixis: that, there; then 3655
*na₁ PMP common noun article 3653
*na₂ PAN PMP PWMP linker marking emphatic attribution 3654
*na₃ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC genitive of plural personal names 8693
*na₄ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC already 8754
*na₅ PMP conjunction: and 8755
*nabuq PMP to fall 3640
*najam PAN PMP PWMP accustomed to, familiar with; tame 3641
*nakaw PMP steal 3643
*namaw PMP sheltered water: deep place in a river; cove, harbor, lagoon 3645
*n-ami PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG 1pl. excl. genitive, our 9707
*n-amu PAN PMP PWMP 2pl. genitive, your, by you 9711
*nanaq PMP pus 7222
*na-nu PAN PMP PWMP what(?) 3703
*naŋa₁ PMP estuary, mouth of a river 3658
*naŋa₂ PMP kind of thick rattan 3659
*naŋuy PMP to swim 8381
*narah PMP a tree: Pterocarpus indica 3649
*naRa₁ PMP a tree: Pterocarpus indica 3648
*naRa₂ PAN PMP PWMP to wait 72
*nasu PMP cook by boiling 8111
*nasuk PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC cook by boiling 3650
*natad PMP cleared area around house, cleared ground in village 7287
*nateŋ PMP vegetables 7285
*nati PMP young of animals 3651
*natuq PMP ovary of an an oviparous animal 7825
*neknek PMP gnat, sandfly, fruit fly 3661
*nemnem PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC think 3662
*nepuq PMP stonefish 6514
*neRab PMP yesterday 3663
*-ni PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC proximal spatio-temporal deixis: this, here; now 3677
*ni PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC genitive case marker for singular personal names and pronouns; marker of possession, part-to-whole relationships, and agency of a non-actor voice verb 8781
*ni aku PMP 1sg. agent 94
*ni-á PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP 3sg. agent/possessor 385
*nihawa PMP breath; life force, breath soul; to breathe; breathe easily, feel comfort, be at ease, have ‘breathing room’; to rest, take a break 7968
*niket PMP sticky, adhesive 3667
*ni-ku PMP 1sg genitive (marker of non-subject agency and possession; my; by me) 8770
*nilaw PMP bright light 3669
*nilu PMP intense sensation in teeth when eating sour fruit; for teeth to be on edge 8149
*nimas PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC bailer in a canoe 8539
*ninih PMP shake, tremble, rock 3670
*niniq PMP plant sp.: Donax canniformis, used as material for making baskets 3671
*niŋal PMP echo 3684
*niŋniŋ PMP clear, of water 3685
*nipaq PMP a swamp palm: Nipa fruticans 8398
*nipay PMP snake 3672
*nipen PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC tooth 7136
*nipis PMP thinness (of materials) 8672
*niRu PMP winnowing basket 7302
*n-ita PAN PMP PWMP 1st pers. incl. genitive; our 7698
*ni(n)tuq PMP a fern: Lygodium spp. 3686
*niuR PMP coconut 7013
*niwaŋ PMP thinness, of people and animals 3676
*-nu PAN PMP PWMP marker of uncertainty 3687
*nu₁ PAN PMP PWMP if, when (in future) 3715
*nu₃ PAN PMP PWMP genitive case marker for common nouns (cf. *na, *ni) 8802
*nues PMP squid 7053
*nuka PMP wound 6435
*nuka-en PMP affected by sores, wounded 6434
*nunuh PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC female breast 7789
*nunuk PMP a tree, the banyan 3711
*nuRuq PMP luck 3712
*nus PMP squid, cuttlefish 3714
*nusa₁ PMP island 7054
*Nabek PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC breakers, surf, waves 3639
*Nali PAN PMP PWMP cicada 3644
*Neŋ PAN PMP PWMP look, see 3666
*NeŋNeŋ PAN PMP PWMP stare, look fixedly 3664
*Niteq PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP sap of a tree or plant 3674
*ña(ŋ)ket PMP sticky, adhesive 6051
*ñamit PMP taste 6883
*ñamñam PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC tasty, delicious (?) 6044
*ñamuk PMP mosquito 6887
*ñamuR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC dew 6885
*ñaRa PMP brother (woman speaking) 10102
*ñatuq PMP hardwood tree with edible fruit and valuable timber: Palaquium spp. 7972
*ñawñaw PAN PMP PWMP rinse, wash 6049
*ñepñep PMP drink, slurp, suck 6057
*ñepuq PMP stonefish 11093
*ñeRab PMP yesterday 6058
*ñikñik PMP tiny biting insect: gnat, sandfly 3668
*ñilu PMP painful sensation in teeth, as from eating something sour 7502
*ŋa PMP linker for multiples of ten 8563
*ŋabŋab PAN PMP PWMP bite off the surface of something 6040
*ŋa-ijan PMP when? 2829
*ŋajan PMP name 7494
*ŋak PMP raucous sound 6041
*ŋakŋak PMP raucous sound 6042
*ŋalŋal PAN PMP PWMP to chew, masticate 8764
*ŋaŋ PMP inarticulate sound 6050
*ŋaŋa₃ PMP open the mouth wide, gape; gaping; opening of a bubu fish trap, basket, etc. 7985
*ŋa(ŋ)ŋaŋ PMP inarticulate sound 6052
*ŋarŋar PMP fragment, split-off piece 6047
*ŋaRaq PMP wild duck 6045
*ŋasŋas PMP crush with the teeth 6048
*ŋawŋaw PAN PMP PWMP sound produced by an animal; unintelligible muttering of a person 8594
*ŋeCŋeC PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC gnash the teeth 8147
*ŋek PMP grunt 6054
*ŋekŋek PMP mumble, etc. 6055
*ŋeni PMP beg, ask for 6056
*ŋeŋ PMP buzz, hum 6059
*ŋeŋeŋ PMP buzz, hum 6060
*ŋerŋer PAN PMP PWMP growl 8546
*ŋesŋes PAN PMP PWMP to pant, be out of breath 8555
*ŋetŋet PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC gnaw, nibble 8556
*ŋidaw PAN PMP PWMP toothless 8564
*ŋijuŋ PMP nose 6065
*ŋik PMP squeal, screech, shriek, etc. 6066
*ŋikŋik PMP squeal, screech, shriek, etc. 6067
*ŋilu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP painful sensation in teeth, as from eating something sour 7503
*ŋiŋ PMP buzz, hum 6072
*ŋi(ŋ)ŋiŋ PMP buzz, hum 6073
*ŋipen PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC tooth 7138
*ŋisi PMP to grin, show the teeth 7107
*ŋisŋis PMP grin, show the teeth 6069
*ŋitŋit₁ PAN PMP PWMP gnaw 6070
*ŋitŋit₂ PMP annoyance, irritation 8596
*ŋuda PMP young, of plants 6091
*ŋuhuR PMP nasal mucus 7162
*ŋuk PMP grunt, moan, etc. 6092
*ŋukŋuk PMP grunt, moan, etc. 6093
*ŋulŋul₁ PMP arthritic or rheumatic pain 6094
*ŋuŋ PMP buzz, hum 6100
*ŋu(ŋ)ŋuŋ PMP buzz, hum 6101
*ŋurut PMP growl, whine 6095
*ŋusŋus PAN PMP PWMP to snore, growl, grunt 8598
*ŋusuq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC nasal area; snout 7553
*ŋutŋut₂ PMP throbbing pain 7035
*pa-₁ PMP numeral prefix, divide into x (x = numeral) 3888
*pa₁ PAN PMP PWMP still, yet, til now, first (before doing something else) 8812
*pa-₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC causative prefix 9461
*pa-aluja PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC to paddle 127
*pa-añud PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC set adrift 4416
*pa-ampu PMP grandparent, possibly vocative 278
*pa-beRay PAN PMP PWMP to give 961
*pa-bunuq PMP killer, one who kills 1695
*pacek PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP wooden nail, dowel; drive in, as a wooden nail or dowel 3733
*paCak PAN PMP PWMP spotted, speckled, as the skin of an animal 3732
*p-aCay-en PAN PMP PWMP be killed 59
*pandak PMP short in height, squat and compact in build, of a person 9306
*pa-danum PMP to irrigate 7461
*pa-deket PMP to stick or paste on 8092
*padeŋ PAN PMP PWMP to extinguish, douse a fire 10860
*paen PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP bait 8565
*pa-enem PMP divide into six (?) 2367
*pagal PMP neck shackle to prevent an animal from passing through fences 3736
*pager PMP enclosure; palisade around a village; fence around a planted tree or cultivated field 3739
*pa-hapuy-an PMP firewood, what is used to make a fire 5044
*paheku PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP bracken, edible fern that grows by rivers: Athyrium esculentum 6706
*pa-hinzam PAN PMP PWMP lend 2691
*pahuq₁ PMP mango tree and its fruit, probably Mangifera altissima 11007
*pai₁ PMP where? 3744
*paid PAN PMP PWMP fan 7140
*pa-inum PMP give someone something to drink 2922
*pa-isiʔ PMP contents 2991
*pajay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG rice in the field; rice plant 7675
*pak PMP sound of a clap or smack 10869
*pa-ka- PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC causative of stative verbs 9463
*pa(ka)-ajan PMP to name, give a name to 85
*pa(ka)-amax PMP treat like a father 142
*pa-kaCu PAN PMP PWMP to send 6607
*paka-duha PMP twice, do something twice 7894
*pa-kaen PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC to feed 8015
*paka-enem PMP six times 2368
*pa-kaen-en PAN PMP PWMP to feed, be fed 8016
*paka-epat PMP four times 5173
*pa(ka)-haŋin PMP expose to the wind 2619
*pa(ka)-haŋin-haŋin PMP go out for some fresh air 2621
*paka-lima₁ PMP five times 7395
*pa(ka)-m-atay PMP kill; commit suicide (?) 46
*pakan PMP the weft thread in weaving 11055
*paka-pija PMP (gloss uncertain) 8054
*paka-pitu PMP seven times 8317
*pa(ka)-qasu PMP to smoke, fumigate 4337
*paka-qudip PMP save, spare the life of 4642
*paka-Rabiqi PMP (gloss uncertain) 7374
*pa(ka)-salaq PMP to blame, accuse of error or fault; to punish 8199
*paka-takut PMP to frighten, cause to fear 7431
*paka-taŋis PMP to make someone cry; to let someone cry 7771
*paka-telu PMP to triple, multiply by three 8430
*paka-uliq PMP return something to someone 5777
*paka-walu PMP eight times 5949
*pa-kilala PMP (gloss uncertain) 8775
*pa-kita PAN PMP PWMP to show 8531
*pakpak₁ PAN PMP PWMP to clap, flap the wings; sound of clapping or flapping 7507
*pa-lahud PMP go downriver, go seaward 11322
*palaj₁ PMP palm of hand, sole of foot 3751
*palak PMP shout in anger 3754
*palaŋ₁ PMP thwart, crosspiece 3765
*palaqpaq PMP midrib of coconut leaf 3758
*pa-laRiw PMP run away, flee; flight, escape; fugitive 3363
*palata PMP fish sp. 3762
*paleCuk PAN PMP PWMP shoot, sound of shooting 3767
*pa-likaw PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7532
*pa-likud PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7536
*pa-lima PMP divide into five (?) 7394
*paliŋ PMP turn (as the prow of a boat) 3781
*paliq₁ PAN PMP PWMP an internal organ, probably spleen or pancreas 3772
*paliSi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC taboo, ritual restriction; purifying rite 3774
*paliSi-en PAN PMP PWMP be tabooed (?) 3775
*pa-litlit PAN PMP PWMP to make something wind around something else 11462
*palu PMP to hammer, to hit with a hard implement 7423
*palu₁ PMP sago flour 3785
*palu-palu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC hammer, mallet, instrument for pounding or hammering 7424
*panahik PMP climb 3791
*panaq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC throw something at a target; shoot with bow and arrow 6474
*panas₁ PMP warm, hot 3794
*panas₂ PMP type of ginger 3799
*panas-i PMP to heat up, warm up 11259
*panaw₁ PMP fungus infection which produces light patches on the skin: Tinea flava or Pityriasis 3800
*panaw₂ PMP go, walk away, depart 7929
*panay PMP dish, bowl (of clay or wood) 3804
*panid PMP wing 8899
*panij PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC wing 3807
*paniki PMP fruit bat, flying fox: Pteropus spp. 3809
*pa(n)tar₂ PMP shelf; bed frame of wooden or bamboo laths 3908
*pa(n)tuk₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC to knock, strike against 3911
*pañaRu PMP give birth 3892
*paŋ PMP bang! loud popping sound 3918
*paŋa₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC fork of a branch; any forked structure; bifurcation 3894
*paŋan PMP food; to feed 11176
*paŋaq PMP forked, pronged 3895
*paŋdan PMP pandanus 3916
*paŋ-inum PMP (gloss uncertain) 2924
*paŋ-takaw PMP steal 1944
*pa(m)pa PMP a tree: Vitex pubescens 3903
*papa₂ PMP father 10901
*papak PMP to break, chip off 11246
*papan PMP plank, board; floor boards of house 8152
*papaq₁ PMP frond of a palm 3821
*pa-p-atay PMP kill 61
*pa-penuq PMP to fill, cause to become full 6991
*pa-pija PAN PMP PWMP how many? (of people) 8053
*pa-pitu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC seven (of humans) 8316
*paqa₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC thigh 7509
*paqa₂ PMP stalk or stem of a plant 7510
*pa-qasawa PMP marry off, cause to get married 4297
*paqet PMP wood-working tool: chisel 6870
*pa-qetut PAN PMP PWMP to fart, break wind 4502
*paqit₂ PMP bitter(ness) 6872
*paqpaq₁ PMP premasticate food for infant 10892
*paqpaq₂ PMP midrib of coconut frond 6675
*pa-qudip PAN PMP PWMP care for, raise (an animal) 4641
*pa-qumah-an PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 4691
*pa-quzaN PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 4787
*para PMP coconut embryo 3843
*paraqu PMP boat 3836
*pariuk PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP earthenware cooking pot 3864
*parud PMP rasp, file 11193
*paR-₂ PAN PMP PWMP divide into x (x = numeral) 3874
*paRa paRa PMP storage shelf; attic, loft 3847
*paRa₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC storage shelf; attic, loft 3845
*paRa₂ PMP collective particle 3848
*paRada PMP handle of an axe or adze 3831
*paRaek PMP hoarse 3833
*paRaw PAN PMP PWMP hoarse 3841
*paR-enem-en PAN PMP PWMP do six times 2370
*paR-epat-en PMP divide into four (?) 5178
*paRih PMP skate, stingray (generic); a constellation 3860
*paRih manuk PMP large rayfish, probably manta or eagle ray 3863
*paR-isa-an PAN PMP PWMP to unite, combine in one 2971
*paRut PMP pluck, uproot 3870
*paR-walu-en PAN PMP PWMP do eight times 5950
*pa-sakit PMP hurt someone; make someone sick 8347
*pasaŋ₁ PMP pair, matching set 8791
*pasaqan PMP carry on the shoulders 3876
*pasek PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC wooden nail, dowel; drive in, as a wooden nail, dowel, or fencepost 8184
*paspas₁ PAN PMP PWMP beat out, thresh 3877
*pasu₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP cheek bone 3878
*pasuk PAN PMP PWMP enter 11213
*pasuŋ PMP cheek bone 3879
*pa-susu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC give the breast to, nurse a child 7629
*pa-susu-en PAN PMP PWMP to nurse, give a child the breast (to be sucked) 7630
*pa-SateD PAN PMP PWMP send (?) 5081
*pa-Sezam PAN PMP PWMP lend 5224
*pat-a PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP four (in counting certain referents) 5186
*pa-taŋis PMP to make someone cry; to let someone cry 7770
*pataq PMP break, broken, cut through 3880
*pa(n)tar₁ PMP level, flat 3907
*pataR₁ PMP shelf 6517
*pa-taRuq PMP something given to another for safekeeping (?) 8853
*p-atay PMP kill 7159
*pa-telu PMP (gloss uncertain) 8428
*pa-tuba PMP to stun fish with plant poisons 8458
*patuRu PMP a cycad: Cycas rumphii 11282
*pa-tuzuq PAN PMP PWMP to point out, give directions (?) 8827
*pa-uliq PMP return, send back 5776
*pauq PMP a tree: Ochrosia oppositifolia 3884
*pa-utaq PAN PMP PWMP cause to vomit 5869
*paya PMP kind of small fish, probably sardine or anchovy 3886
*peceq₂ PMP break into several large pieces; to hatch, of an egg 7616
*peCik PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP snap, as the fingers or a slingshot 3919
*pedek PAN PMP PWMP wink, blink 3920
*pedet PMP pack in tightly 3921
*pedped₁ PAN PMP PWMP press together, pack solid 3922
*peka PMP separate, disconnect 3928
*pekaŋ PMP stretch open or apart 3953
*peket PMP sticky, adhesive 10938
*pekpek₁ PAN PMP PWMP beat, hit 3929
*pekuq₁ PMP bend, curve 3931
*peluk PMP bend, curve 11217
*pelus PAN PMP PWMP slip off 3934
*pened₂ PMP formal gathering, as of chiefs 11251
*penuq PMP full, of a container 6986
*penuq sakay PMP overwhem in numbers? 6998
*peñu PMP the green turtle, Chelonia mydas 7001
*peŋ PMP dull sound 3952
*peŋa PMP fork of a branch 3947
*periŋ PMP bamboo sp. 3937
*perus PAN PMP PWMP slip or slide off 3938
*pe(R)cit PMP squeeze, squirt out 3949
*peReq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP squeeze out juice, wring out water 7511
*peRes PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC squeeze out juice, extract liquid by squeezing 7513
*pes PMP sound of escaping air, etc. 3942
*pesak PMP break into several large pieces; hatch 3939
*pespes PMP squeeze out; massage 7234
*pesu₁ PMP hole in something 11161
*pesuk PMP have a hole; be perforated 11253
*peta PMP shatter, break 3944
*pezeŋ PMP close the eyes 3946
*pia₂ PMP goodness 8639
*pia₃ PMP to want, desire 11226
*piak PMP baby chick; peeping of chick 10827
*pian PMP want, desire, wish or long for 3954
*picak PMP crush, press in 3956
*picik PMP splash, spray, sprinkle 3957
*picit PMP squeeze out 3958
*pihpih PMP cheeks, temples 11097
*pija pija PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC some, several 8056
*p-ijan PMP when? 2830
*pijax PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC interrogative of quantity: how much?, how many?; adjective of indefinite quantity: some, several, a few 8047
*pijpij PAN PMP PWMP close together 7414
*pikak PMP make a harsh throaty sound 3963
*pikaŋ PMP spread wide apart, as the legs or any two things joined at a point 9512
*pikel PMP bend, curve 3967
*pi(ŋ)keR PMP bend, turn 4008
*pikik PMP chirp, squeak 3968
*pikit PMP sticking to, attached to, joined 6478
*pikpik PAN PMP PWMP sound of patting or tapping 3969
*pi(ŋ)kuk PMP bend, curve 4009
*pikul PMP bend, curve 10949
*pikuq₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC to bend, curve; bent, curved 7172
*pikut₁ PMP to bend over, as a person 11059
*pilaɁ PMP scar 3973
*piliq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC to choose, to select; to pick out 8112
*piliq piliq PMP (gloss uncertain) 8130
*piliq-an PMP (gloss uncertain) 8127
*piliq-i PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC choose it! 8129
*pilit₁ PMP paste, stick to 7557
*pilu PMP a large marine fish, the jackfish or trevally 9342
*piluk₁ PAN PMP PWMP crippled; bent or twisted, of the leg or foot 7250
*piluq PMP to fold 3975
*p<in>a-kaen PAN PMP PWMP was fed by someone 8020
*p<in>aŋan PMP food; to feed, nourish 3890
*pin-duha PMP (gloss uncertain) 7898
*piNay PAN PMP PWMP lame, crippled 10862
*piŋ(e)qut PMP nasal mucus, snot 9419
*piŋi PAN PMP PWMP cheek 4001
*piŋus PMP nasal mucus, snot 4007
*pipi₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP cheeks, temples 7516
*pipi₂ PAN PMP PWMP female genitalia (child’s word?) 8131
*pipis₂ PMP to crush or mash between two hard surfaces 10910
*pi-pitu PAN PMP PWMP seven each 8318
*piqek PMP baby chick; to peep, of chicks 10866
*pirit PMP plait a cord, twist, wrap around 3982
*piRah PMP roe, eggs of fish or crustacean 7519
*piRah-an PMP be laden with roe, of a fish or crustacean 7522
*pisaw PMP kind of knife or machete 10939
*pisel PAN PMP PWMP pinch, squeeze; knead 11012
*pispis₁ PAN PMP PWMP hair on the temples 10913
*pi(n)tak PMP split 4003
*pitak₁ PMP mud 3992
*pitak₃ PMP split 11398
*pi(n)tik PMP throb, beat 4004
*pitik₁ PMP to fillip, flick with the finger 11014
*pitpit₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC pinch, squeeze, press between two surfaces; pluck, pick off 9053
*pitpit₃ PAN PMP PWMP to beat, whip 10917
*pitpit-en PAN PMP PWMP be pinched, squeezed, or pressed 9054
*pitu ŋa puluq PMP seventy 8319
*pitu ŋa Ratus PMP seven hundred (700) 8320
*pitu pitu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC seven by seven, seven at a time 8327
*pitu₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC seven 8310
*pituŋ PMP bamboo sp. 3996
*piuk PAN PMP PWMP dent, dimple 3998
*piut PMP relative of the third or fourth ascending or descending generation 3999
*puaŋ PMP title of respect 4012
*pucek PMP press in by force 4014
*pucut₁ PMP spurt out 4015
*puCaq PAN PMP PWMP foam, froth, lather 4013
*pudu PAN PMP PWMP fruit of the betel pepper 11016
*pudul PMP blunt, dull 4017
*pudun PMP wind thread, etc. into a ball; spool 4020
*puŋgul PMP prune, cut off the tip 4079
*puk₂ PMP pop!, plop!, splash! 10999
*pu(ŋ)kaq PMP break off 4083
*pukaq PMP break off 11399
*puket₁ PMP dragnet 8399
*puki PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC vulva, vagina 7143
*pukpuk PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC to hammer, pound, beat 8647
*pula₁ PMP red 4030
*pulaq PMP red 4029
*pules PMP twist, wring 8558
*puliŋ₁ PMP turn round, rotate 4036
*pulis PMP twist, wring 4034
*pulit PMP twine around 4035
*pulu₁ PAN PMP PWMP handle 4040
*puluC PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP a plant: Urena lobata 4039
*puluŋ PAN PMP PWMP collection, gathering, assembly 11175
*puluq₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC group of ten 6902
*pulut PMP birdlime, sticky sap of breadfruit, etc. 8664
*p<um>asuk PMP to enter 11214
*p<um>iliq PAN PMP PWMP to choose, select, pick out 8126
*puna₂ PMP source, origin 11235
*punaŋ PMP source, origin 4042
*punas PMP wipe off, wipe out 4041
*punay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC greenish fruit dove 8656
*punay punay PMP greenish fruit dove 8659
*puni₁ PMP tree fern 4045
*pu-ŋajan PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7500
*puŋuh PMP bunch, cluster (of grain, fruit, areca nuts, etc.) 4082
*puŋuN PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC bunch, cluster (of grain, fruit, areca nuts, etc.) 4081
*pupu₁ PMP pick, pluck (as fruit) 4050
*puqas PMP to abate, of strong feelings 4052
*puqpuq₁ PMP pick, pluck (as fruit) 4053
*puqun PMP base of a tree; cause; source, origin; beginning; foot of a hill or mountain; first wife; model or example (to be copied); expression for the mother’s brother 6519
*puqun nu kahiw PMP tree (lit. ‘foundation/origin of wood’) 6524
*puqun nu laŋit PMP horizon (lit. ‘foundation/beginning of the sky’); stranger, foreigner 6525
*puRcit PMP spurt or gush out 4055
*puRiq PMP wash, as the hands 1757
*puRu PMP a skin disease: framboesia, yaws 11044
*puRuq PAN PMP PWMP a bird, the quail 4058
*pus PMP hiss, whizzing sound 4062
*pusej PMP navel, umbilicus; mid-point or center of something 7937
*pusuŋ₂ PMP heart; heart of banana 8473
*pusuq₁ PMP heart of a person or animal; purple heart-shaped inflorescence of banana plant 8472
*pusuq₂ PMP sticky rice cake 8474
*putaR PMP to turn 8560
*putat PMP trees in the genus Barringtonia 10888
*puteq PAN PMP PWMP gummy secretion 4063
*punti₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC banana 7783
*putiq PMP white 7943
*putput₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC to pluck, pull out 8670
*putul PMP to break off, cut off 8267
*putuŋ₁ PMP bamboo used as a storage container 4067
*qa₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC locative particle 4395
*qabaŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP boat, canoe 4097
*qambaR PMP tasteless, insipid 4191
*qabaRa PMP shoulder; carry on the shoulder 4088
*qabaRa₂ PMP topmost hand of banana stalk 4090
*qabaRa-an PAN PMP PWMP shoulder (?) 4089
*qabaS PAN PMP PWMP notch cut in a tree 4091
*qambat PMP ambush, block the way; obstacle, hindrance 4192
*qabated PMP sago grub 4092
*qabateR PMP sago grub 4094
*qabatiR PMP sago grub 4096
*qabin PMP hold or carry under the arm 4100
*qabu₂ PMP ash, hearth, cinder, powder, dust; gray 4115
*qabu-an PAN PMP PWMP place of ashes; hearth 4121
*qabuk PMP dust, sawdust 4107
*qaCeb PAN PMP PWMP deadfall trap to catch small mammals 4137
*qaCi- PAN PMP PWMP prefix variant of the *qali/kali- set 4140
*qaCipa PAN PMP PWMP turtle sp. 4138
*qadep PMP front, facing part 6975
*qahelu PMP pestle 10957
*qajaw PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC day 4148
*qajeŋ PMP charcoal 4152
*qajeŋ i batu PMP coal, anthracite 4153
*qalad PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC fence, wall 4154
*qala-matek PMP jungle leech, Haemadipsa spp. 6864
*qalap qatay PMP (lit. 'fetch the liver') capture someone's fancy 4128
*qaleb PAN PMP PWMP knee 4156
*qalejaw PMP day 4157
*qalejaw-qalejaw PMP daily, every day 4162
*qalep PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC beckon, wave 4163
*qali- PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC prefix for words with a sensitive reference to the spirit world (cf. *kali-) 10074
*qaliliŋ PMP cateye shell 4167
*qa-lima PAN PMP PWMP hand 9000
*qalima PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC hand 10227
*qali-maŋaw PMP mangrove crab 4168
*qali-maŋu PMP mangrove crab 4169
*qali-petpet PMP firefly 4173
*qali-puju PAN PMP PWMP hair whorl 4174
*qaliR PMP to flow 4175
*qaliR-an PMP place where water flows 4176
*qalu PMP a fish: barracuda sp. 4189
*qalu-hipan PMP centipede 4187
*qalun PMP long rolling wave, swell, billow 4179
*qalunan PMP wooden headrest, pillow 4178
*qaluR₂ PMP current, deep channel in the middle of a river 4184
*qamataq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC raw, eat something raw 4190
*qamihan PMP north wind 4200
*qa(m)pelas PMP tree with leaves like sandpaper: Ficus spp. 4260
*qaneb PMP close a door 11115
*qaneb-an PMP (gloss uncertain) 11117
*qa-ni PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC this; here 3682
*qani₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC proximal deictic: this 4232
*qanibuŋ PMP a palm, probably Oncosperma sp. 4206
*qanih PMP harvest; to harvest 4226
*qanilaw PMP a tree; Grewia spp. 4220
*qaninu PMP shadow, reflection 4234
*qani-Ruan PMP a small bee: Apis indica 4224
*qanit PMP animal skin, hide, leather 4213
*qanitu PMP ghost, ancestral spirit; nature spirit; corpse; owl; various plants 4208
*qanuaŋ PMP large ruminant species: carabao, water buffalo (?) 4242
*qanunu PMP shadow 4244
*qanup PAN PMP PWMP to hunt wild game 4247
*qanup-an PMP hunting ground, hunting territory 4250
*qanup-en PMP what is hunted, wild game 4252
*qaNi- PAN PMP PWMP variant of the *qali/kali- prefix 4230
*qaNi PAN PMP PWMP weaving spindle 4231
*qaNuNaŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP a tree: Cordia dichotoma 4243
*qañud PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP drift on a current, carried away by flowing water 4412
*qaŋab PMP gape, open the mouth wide 4396
*qaŋap PMP gape, open the mouth wide 4397
*qaŋeliC PAN PMP PWMP stench of burning substances 4398
*qaŋeRih PMP stench of spoiling fish 10961
*qaŋeRu PAN PMP PWMP stench of spoiled or souring organic matter 4400
*qaŋeseR PAN PMP PWMP stench of urine 4402
*qaŋeSit PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC stench, musky odor of an animal 4403
*qaŋet PMP anger 4406
*qaŋiR PMP fetid, foul-smelling 4407
*qaŋqaŋ PAN PMP PWMP barking of a dog 4410
*qapah PMP empty husk (of rice, etc.) 4255
*qapaliR PMP surgeonfish: Acanthurus spp. 11354
*qapeju PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP gall, gall bladder, bile 4258
*qapid PAN PMP PWMP braid, twine 4264
*qapit PMP tongs, anything used to hold things together by pinching 7199
*qapucuk PAN PMP PWMP peak of a mountain 4266
*qapuR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC lime, calcium 4267
*qa(m)pus PMP come to an end, be destroyed 4409
*qaqay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC foot, leg 4273
*qari-ñuan PMP a small bee: Apis indica 4283
*qaRaw PAN PMP PWMP snatch, take away by force, rob 4276
*qaRaʔ PMP a tree: Ficus spp. 4279
*qaRem PAN PMP PWMP pangolin, scaly anteater 4280
*qaReNu PAN PMP PWMP a plant, Phragmites spp. 7082
*qaRsam PMP fern sp. 4284
*qaRsem PAN PMP PWMP sourness, acidity 4286
*qaRta PMP outsiders, alien people 4288
*qaRuas PMP young growth stage of mullet 4289
*qaRuhu PMP a shore tree: Casuarina equisetifolia 4290
*qaRus PMP current, flow 4291
*qasawa PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC spouse: husband, wife 4294
*qaseb PAN PMP PWMP smoke 4302
*qasepa PAN PMP PWMP astringent 4304
*qasiN PAN PMP PWMP saltiness, salty taste 4308
*qasiq PMP pity, compassion, affection, love, sympathy, forgiveness 4319
*qasiRa PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC salt 4325
*qasiRa-en PAN PMP PWMP anything which has been salted 4327
*qasu qasu PMP give off smoke continuously, pour out smoke 4338
*qasu₁ PMP fetch water, scoop up water 4332
*qasu₃ PMP smoke, fumes, steam; to smoke (as a fire) 4335
*qataq PAN PMP PWMP eat something raw 4340
*qatay PMP liver; seat of the emotions, inner self: core, mind, will, desire, feeling, intelligence, understanding; to want or wish; hollow of the palm of the hand or sole of the foot; pith, as of bamboo 4125
*X₁ + qatay PMP (lit. 'big liver') brave, courageous; proud, arrogant 4131
*X₂ + qatay PMP (lit. 'burning liver') angry, furious 4132
*X₃ + qatay PMP (lit. 'rotten liver') full of malice 4133
*X₄ + qatay PMP (lit. 'sick/hurt liver') resentful, offended 4134
*X₅ + qatay PMP (lit. 'small liver') afraid 4135
*X₆ + qatay PMP (lit. 'white liver') pure-hearted 4136
*qatay qatay₁ PMP a climbing plant: Wedelia biflora 4343
*qatay-an PMP (gloss uncertain) 4126
*qateluR PMP egg; testicle 4345
*qatep PMP roof, thatch 4348
*qati PMP ebb, of water in streams; low tide 4142
*qatimela PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP flea 4357
*qatimun PMP cucumber: Cucumis sativa L. 4358
*qatiŋ PMP sweat, perspiration 4364
*qatip₂ PMP pinch, squeeze, press together 4362
*qatip₃ PMP breast beam of a back loom 4360
*qatip-an PAN PMP PWMP part of the loom 4361
*qatuan PMP deity 4365
*qatulay PMP a fish: the big-eyed scad Trachurops crumenophthalmus 4366
*qatuR₁ PMP pave with stones; pile or stack up, arrange, order, put in sequence 4368
*qauŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC to howl, of a dog 4377
*qauR₂ PMP type of large bamboo 4374
*qawa₁ PMP fish sp.: the milkfish, Chanos chanos 4380
*qawan PMP fish sp.: the milkfish, Chanos chanos 4378
*qawas PMP fish sp.: mullet sp., Neomyxus chaptalii 4379
*qawaʔ PMP the milkfish: Chanos chanos 4382
*qawqaw PAN PMP PWMP to bark, of a dog 4384
*qayam₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG bird 4386
*qayuyu PMP coconut crab: Birgus latro 4390
*qazay PMP chin, jaw 4391
*qazi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC no, not; negator of verbs and adjectives (cf *buken, *dian, *wada) 4393
*qebel PAN PMP PWMP smoke 4421
*qembus PMP blow hard; snort, pant 4444
*qeCuR PAN PMP PWMP sexual arousal, sexual excitement 4426
*qedet PAN PMP PWMP press down on 4427
*qekak PMP choke, gasp, struggle for breath 4428
*qeŋkem PMP enclose; hold something inside the mouth 4511
*qekqek PMP to cough 4429
*qekuŋ PAN PMP PWMP owl 4432
*qelad₂ PMP wing 4434
*qelaŋ PMP intervening space 4435
*qelet PMP interval, space between 4437
*qemin PAN PMP PWMP all 4446
*qemqem PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP hold in the closed mouth 4449
*qenay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC sand 4450
*qenay qenay PMP sandy(?) 4453
*qeneb₁ PMP to close, shut; door 4457
*qeneb₂ PMP spread all over 4460
*qeneŋ PMP quiet, still, at rest 4461
*qenuR PMP animal path, trail 4466
*qenuR-an₂ PMP animal haunt, place frequented by animals 4468
*qeñek PMP press down, squash 4509
*qempeŋ PMP impede, obstruct, restrain 4448
*qepit PAN PMP PWMP squeeze, press between 4472
*qeRut PMP bind tightly 4477
*qesak PAN PMP PWMP ripe; cooked; ready to eat 4478
*qe(n)sem PMP sour 4513
*qesep PAN PMP PWMP sip, suck 4481
*qesir PAN PMP PWMP hiss, sizzle 4483
*qeta PMP rice husk, rice bran 4423
*qetak PMP slam down, ram down 4484
*qetaq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC eat something raw 4485
*qentek PMP stamp on 4463
*qeteŋ PMP obstruction, barrier 4425
*qentep PMP close, shut 4464
*qetes PMP chop, hack, cut off 4490
*qeti₁ PMP ebb tide; coral reefs and sandbanks exposed at low tide; evaporate, dry up, of water in cooking, in a river, etc. 4491
*qeti₂ PMP go fishing; fish at low tide (?) 4494
*qeti₃ PMP stop, end, finish, complete; finished, used up 4495
*qetqet PMP tight, constricted 8523
*qetut₂ PMP fart, flatulence; expression of disbelief or denial 4498
*qezen PMP bearing down, pressing out, as in defecation or childbirth 4506
*qi₁ PMP exclamation of pain, fear, excitement, etc. 4603
*qi₂ PMP genitive marker (cf *ni) 4604
*qia PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC exclamation (probably of affirmation or confirmation) 4517
*qiaw PAN PMP PWMP animal cry 4516
*qibaw₁ PMP edible shellfish 4519
*qidu PMP spoon, ladle 4532
*qidus PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP spoon, ladle 4530
*qiŋga PMP until, as far as; limit, boundary 4607
*qijap PAN PMP PWMP resent, blame; resentment, jealousy 4535
*qila PMP any natural mark on human skin: birthmark, freckle, mole 4539
*qilaŋ PMP lose, disappear, be lost (as possessions) 4541
*qila-qila PMP have dark blotches on the skin 4540
*qilaw PMP torch; illuminate 4538
*qilem PMP dim, dark, obscure 4542
*qilih PMP mountain 4544
*qiluS PAN PMP PWMP wipe after defecating 4548
*qi(m)pun PMP heap, collection; to gather, heap up 4566
*qina PMP exclamation of astonishment, fright, etc. 4552
*qinep PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC lie down to sleep 4555
*q<in>uma PMP cultivated field, garden 4695
*qiNeb PAN PMP PWMP door 4554
*qiNuaŋ PAN PMP PWMP large ruminant species 4560
*qiŋet PMP angry, upset 4606
*qio PMP yes; expression of affirmation 4561
*qimpas PMP paid off, of a debt 4550
*qipil PMP a hardwood tree: Intsia bijuga, Afzelia bijuga 4562
*qipiŋ PAN PMP PWMP incline one's head to the side 4565
*qipit₂ PMP pincer of crustaceans; press together, pinch, squeeze 4564
*qiris PMP cut, slice 4577
*qiRik PAN PMP PWMP thresh with the feet, as rice 4576
*qis PMP interjection of disapproval or disgust 4587
*qisaq PMP interjection of negative emotive force 4582
*qisep PMP sucking, soaking up, absorbing 4583
*qiSu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP shark 4586
*qitaq PMP aggressiveness, anger 4588
*qiteluR PMP egg; testicle 4522
*qiteluR ni manuk PMP chicken egg 4523
*qitem PMP black 4589
*qitik₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC small, little; few 4593
*qitiŋ PMP bunch of bananas 4596
*qitqit PMP gnaw, nibble at 4526
*qiuŋ₂ PMP sound of buzzing or droning 4600
*qiut PAN PMP PWMP copulate, have sexual intercourse 4598
*qu₁ PMP exclamation of acknowledgement, surprise, etc. 4798
*qu₂ PAN PMP PWMP grammatical particle 4799
*quaŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP empty, vacant 4618
*quaŋ₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP howling or yelping of a dog 4619
*quay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC rattan, Calamus sp. 4614
*quban PMP gray hair 4622
*qubi PMP yam: Dioscorea alata Linn. 4625
*qubud PMP heart of palm, palm-cabbage 4627
*qubus PMP finished, gone 4629
*qudaŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC shrimp, crayfish, lobster 4632
*qudem PAN PMP PWMP dark, dull (of light or color) 4634
*qudip₁ PAN PMP PWMP life, alive 4636
*quhaw PMP thirst 10954
*quhenap PMP scale of fish 7157
*quhuŋ PMP edible mushroom 10941
*qujiŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC charcoal 4646
*qukaq PMP loosen, open 4650
*qu(ŋ)kaq PMP pry open 4802
*quŋkut PMP hunched over, bowed (as with age) 4652
*qulej PMP maggot, caterpillar, larva of a metamorphosing insect 7200
*qulej bulu-an PMP hairy caterpillar 1623
*qulej qulej PMP lots of worms; crawling with worms, extremely wormy 4659
*qulej-an PMP have worms 4657
*qulej-en PMP be infested with worms, worm-eaten 4658
*qules₂ PMP clothing; wrapping 4661
*quli PMP knead, mix together 4665
*qulin PMP rudder; steer (a boat) 4663
*quliŋ PMP rudder; steer (a boat) 4666
*qulu PMP head; top part; leader, chief; headwaters; handle of a bladed implement; prow of a boat; first, first-born 4674
*qulu ni batu PMP stubborn 4683
*qulu ni wahiR PMP headwaters of a river 4685
*qulu qulu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC head-end, upper part 4682
*qulu tuhud₁ PMP kneecap 7354
*qulu tuhud₂ PMP knee 4686
*qulu-an PMP head-end, upper part 4681
*qulun₁ PMP outsiders, alien people 4668
*qulun₂ PMP rest the head on 4670
*qulun-an PMP place where one rests the head: wooden headrest 4671
*quma PMP swiddden; work a swidden 4688
*q<um>ajaw PAN PMP PWMP to shine, of the sun 4151
*quman PAN PMP PWMP repeat oneself monotonously 4696
*q<um>anit PMP to skin an animal 4215
*q<um>aNup PAN PMP PWMP to hunt, go hunting 4248
*qumaŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC hermit crab 4701
*qumaŋ qumaŋ PMP hermit crab 4700
*q<um>aŋqaŋ PAN PMP PWMP to bark, of a dog 4411
*qumay PMP unicorn fish, Naso spp. 4699
*q<um>esep PAN PMP PWMP suck 4482
*q<um>etut PAN PMP PWMP to fart, break wind 4504
*qumi PMP unicorn fish, Naso spp. 4703
*qumun PMP earth oven 4707
*(q)<um>una PMP to do or go first; to lead 9112
*qumuR PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC fill the mouth with food or water 4710
*q<um>uzan PMP to rain 4789
*qunap qunap PMP fish scales (collective?) 4745
*qunej PMP pith of plants or trees; core or middle of something 4713
*qunus PMP move along 4724
*qunus qunus PMP move along 4725
*(q)uNah PAN PMP PWMP first, before, anterior in time 9110
*quNuNaŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP tree with sticky fruits: Cordia spp. 4722
*quNuq PAN PMP PWMP beads, necklace of beads 4723
*quŋal PMP mournful howl of a dog 4800
*qupa PMP hen, egg-laying chicken 4728
*qumpan PMP bait; fodder 4705
*qupuŋ PAN PMP PWMP bunch, cluster 4729
*ququs PMP chewing on sugarcane 4730
*quriaw PAN PMP PWMP noise, clamor 4734
*qurit PMP stroke, stripe, line 4736
*quruŋ PMP gather, collect; swarm around 4742
*quRut PMP massage 4738
*qusiR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP pursuit (as of enemies or game) 5853
*qusuŋ PMP carry between two persons 4754
*quSaw-an PAN PMP PWMP thirsty 4749
*quSeŋeC PAN PMP PWMP anger, angry 4751
*qutan PMP small, wild herbaceous plants; scrub-land, bush 4631
*qutaŋ PMP debt 4757
*qutin PMP penis 4769
*quntu PMP tusks of a boar 4721
*qutud PMP fish sp. 4775
*qutun PMP green jobfish: Aprion virescens 9513
*qutut PMP flatulence; to fart 4776
*quzan PMP rain 4780
*quzan batu₁ PMP hail (lit. ‘stone rain’) 6499
*quzan batu₂ PMP hail, hailstone 4794
*quzan buaq PMP hail; hailstone 4796
*quzan quzan PMP rain intermittently 4792
*quzan-en PAN PMP PWMP to be rained on 4790
*quzan-i PMP to rain on (something) 4791
*quzuŋ PMP mountain peak, cape of land; tip of anything 4797
*qunzur PMP thrust out, extend forward 4726
*ra(m)bek PMP strike, break 4850
*ra(m)buk PMP knock, pound, beat 4852
*rambuk PMP knock, pound, beat 11497
*ra-ina PMP mother 2900
*rakaq PMP open 4812
*rakat PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC walk 4813
*raŋkep₂ PMP unite, do simultaneously 9436
*raket PMP sticky, adhesive 4814
*ra(ŋ)kup PMP gather in the cupped hands 4858
*ramig PAN PMP PWMP cold (of weather) 10692
*raŋ(e)pas PMP to plunder, rob 4857
*rara PMP red 4829
*ra(n)tas PMP cut through, tear 4853
*rauC PAN PMP PWMP peel rattan, bamboo 4833
*rawan PMP strong emotion 4835
*rawraw PAN PMP PWMP to rinse 4839
*rebuk PMP dry rot in wood 4864
*rembur PMP mix together 4871
*recik PMP speckled, stained 4865
*re(ŋ)geŋ PMP dull resonance 4894
*re(ŋ)guk PMP deep throaty sound 4895
*re(ŋ)kaq PMP force open 4896
*reken PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP coiled base on which hot cooking pots are set 4868
*rekut PMP curled or crumpled up 4869
*remek PMP crush, pulverize; crumble 4873
*reŋeC PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP angry, annoyed 4886
*reŋiC PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP grimace at pain 4887
*reŋut PMP wrinkled; frown 4893
*repek PMP brittle, friable; to crumble 4880
*rempun PMP gather together 4874
*reput PMP rotten to brittleness, of wood 4882
*retuk PMP hit, pound, chop 4884
*re(n)zak PMP step on, place one's foot on 4892
*riba PMP lap 4903
*rikas PMP quick, fast 4906
*riŋis₁ PMP bare the teeth in smiling or laughing 4918
*rimpuk PMP strike together 4910
*rimpuŋ PMP tie the feet together 4911
*riqas PMP split 4913
*ru(n)duŋ PMP shelter 4948
*ru(ŋ)guŋ PMP thunder 4949
*rumpak PMP thud, strike against 4931
*rupuk PMP sound of breaking or cracking 4936
*rusuk PMP pierce, stab 4942
*rutas PMP sever, tear 4943
*Rambia PMP sago palm 4818
*Rabiqi PMP late afternoon, evening; evening meal; yesterday 9029
*Rabi-Rabi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC every night, happening every night 7382
*Rabuk PMP decaying wood; dust, powder 8677
*Rabut PMP uproot, pull out by the roots 10682
*Radut PMP pluck, pull out 4810
*Rahuŋ PMP ambush, attack from concealment 6922
*Rakit PMP lay long objects side by side; raft 8685
*Rakut PMP tie together 4815
*Rames PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG squeeze, knead 4819
*Ramut PMP fibrous roots, as of grass 8704
*Raŋa PMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 4842
*Raŋa₁ PMP open the mouth wide 4841
*Raŋak PMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 8637
*RaŋaR PMP the spider conch: Lambis lambis 8638
*Raŋuʔ PMP dry 4854
*Raqan PMP lightness (weight) 4826
*Raqup PMP cup the hands 4828
*Rantaŋ PMP kind of large carrying basket 4823
*Rataq PMP milk 4831
*Ratas PMP sever, tear 4832
*Ratus PMP hundred 7317
*Raya PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP big, large 7358
*Rebek PMP to fly 4863
*Re(ŋ)kem PMP grasp in the fist 4897
*Reken PAN PMP PWMP coiled base on which hot cooking pots are set 4867
*Re(ŋ)keŋ PMP shrink, contract 4898
*Remek PMP crush, pulverize; crumble 4872
*Reneg PMP press down 4876
*Reŋet PMP angry, annoyed 9448
*Re(m)puk PMP crumbling, of wood 4890
*Riaq PAN PMP PWMP sword grass: Imperata cylindrica 4900
*RibaS PAN PMP PWMP demolish 4902
*Ribu PMP thousand 7973
*Ri(m)pit PMP squeeze between; pinch, take between fingers 4922
*Riqek PAN PMP PWMP thresh grain by trampling 4914
*Risi PMP tear, split, cut 4915
*Risiq PMP tear, split, cut 9451
*Ruab PMP high tide, tidal flow 8169
*Rumbia PMP sago palm 7959
*Rudaŋ PAN PMP PWMP old, of people 7581
*Rujan PMP cargo, load (on a boat) 4930
*Ruŋkeb PMP cover over, cover up 4947
*Rumaq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC house 7303
*Runut PMP plant fibers 4934
*RuqaNay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP male 4938
*Rusuk PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC ribs 8475
*sa buliR PMP one stem, one stalk 1587
*sa₁ PAN PMP PWMP nominative case marker for plural personal names 8809
*sa₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC locative marker 9514
*sa₃ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP one (clitic form of *esa) 9545
*sambak PMP hit, strike a heavy blow 5006
*sabaŋ₁ PMP estuary, shore near the mouth of a river 4956
*sa(m)bar PMP seize in the mouth or beak 5113
*sabay₁ PAN PMP PWMP do something together with others 9075
*sabsab PAN PMP PWMP slurp up food or water, eat like a pig or dog; gulp down 9102
*sa-buaq PMP one (unit) 1338
*sabuR PMP to sow, scatter; scattered about; splash water on something 9605
*sandiR PMP lean against, lean or incline on 9010
*saet PMP spear, to spear 4970
*sagu₁ PMP processed sago, prepared starch from the sago palm 9234
*sai PMP who? 8847
*sai sai PMP whoever 8849
*sakal PAN PMP PWMP restraining device on animals 4982
*sakaŋ PMP bowlegged 9057
*saka-pitu PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 8321
*sakaRu PMP reef 4983
*sakat PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP rise, climb up 4984
*sakay₁ PMP catch a ride, join a group, ride on something 5120
*sakay₄ PMP to climb, ascend, rise up 9489
*sakep PMP catch, seize 4985
*sakil PMP rest the foot on; touch or knock with the foot 9516
*sa(ŋ)kit PMP tie, fasten together 5122
*sakit PMP sick, painful 8337
*saksak₁ PAN PMP PWMP hack, chop into pieces 4986
*saku₁ PMP extract the pith from the sago palm 9236
*saku₂ PMP needlefish, young of Istiophorus spp. 9509
*saku-layaR PMP sailfish, swordfish 9510
*sakup₁ PMP to catch 9684
*saladeŋ PMP male deer, buck (?) 8889
*salaq salaq PMP (gloss uncertain) 8205
*salaq₁ PMP wrong, in error (of behavior); miss (a target); mistake, error, fault 8193
*salaR PMP nest 4992
*saleŋ PAN PMP PWMP pine tree, pitch pine 7523
*saleR PMP floor of a house 8977
*saliR PMP to flow, of water 8979
*saliw PAN PMP PWMP buy, sell 5003
*sama-sama PMP with no difference, equally to both 9231
*samuR PAN PMP PWMP to mix; mixture 9758
*sanaR PMP to shine, of the sun 9157
*sanu PMP person whose name is avoided or cannot be remembered: So-and-so 3692
*saŋa₁ PMP bifurcation, fork of a branch 8803
*sa-ŋa-puluq PMP ten 6906
*sa-ŋa-Ratus PMP one hundred 7319
*saŋa-saŋa PMP starfish 8808
*saŋeday PAN PMP PWMP lean or rest on 5118
*saŋelaR PMP to stir-fry, cook in a frying pan without oil 8409
*sapa PMP what? 8171
*sapak PMP crack, split, break; sound of cracking, splitting, breaking 5015
*sapaq₁ PAN PMP PWMP stream, river 9244
*sapaw PAN PMP PWMP field hut 5020
*sampay₁ PMP drape over the shoulder or from a line, as a cloth 9225
*sampay₂ PMP up to, as far as, until 9535
*sampay-an PMP clothesline, place to hang washed clothing 9227
*sapet PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC grab with the hand, catch 9255
*sapu PMP to wipe off or brush on; broom 9257
*sapuk PMP fine dust, airborne dust 5033
*saput₁ PMP burial shroud; to enshroud a corpse 9195
*saput₂ PAN PMP PWMP to pick up with something to avoid getting dirty or burned 9629
*saqebit PMP hook on to something; entangle 9120
*saq(e)buR PMP to strew, sow, sprinkle 9309
*saqit PAN PMP PWMP hook; to hang up 9197
*saqsaq PAN PMP PWMP bamboo which has been split and flattened 5053
*saruk PMP scoop up in a net; fetch water by scooping up 9228
*saRep PMP save, rescue 6531
*saRman PMP outrigger float 8453
*saRu₁ PMP comb 5059
*saRuk PMP step into clothing, put on a sarong 9232
*saRup₁ PMP scoop up with both hands 5056
*saRup₂ PMP sing in unison 5057
*saRut PMP answer, reply 5058
*sasah PMP cut or collect palm leaves for roofing 5063
*sau₄ PMP word; talk; conversation; language 9426
*sauq₂ PMP anchor 8132
*saut PMP comb 5090
*sawa PMP python 8484
*sawaq₁ PMP channel 5095
*se(m)bek PMP muffled sound of a gasp, etc. 5236
*sebu PAN PMP PWMP bladder 8949
*sebuh PMP douse a fire, extinguish a fire with water; to hiss, as water on fire 8943
*sendem PMP brood, think, be silent 5159
*sedep₁ PMP to set (of the sun) 9281
*sendiR PMP to lean on or against 9013
*sedu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC hiccough 5134
*se(ŋ)ger PMP feel fit, healthy 5239
*sei PMP who? 9385
*sejep PAN PMP PWMP enter, penetrate 5136
*sekaŋ PMP crossbar, strut, something to hold things apart 9084
*seŋkar PMP transverse beams that support the roof of a house; thwart or ribs of a boat 9499
*sekel PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP bend, bow 5140
*sekep PMP keep secret, cover up 5141
*seksek₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC to stuff, cram in; be crowded 8905
*sekuk PMP to sob, choke, have broken respiration 9722
*selem₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP sink, immerse oneself in water, dive into the water; to set, of the sun 8912
*selep PMP enter, penetrate 5145
*selet PMP insert between 5146
*selsel₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC insert, cram in 5149
*selu PMP fish with a thin, elongated body: long tom 9521
*seŋ(e)hij PMP acrid, pungent, of odor 5233
*seŋ(e)hit PMP acrid, pungent, of odor 9467
*seŋet₁ PMP acrid, pungent, of odor 5232
*seŋet₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC to sting or bite, of an insect 9538
*seŋseŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC cork, stopper, plug 5237
*sepaŋ PMP a thorny tree: Caesalpinia spp. 5189
*sepet₁ PMP obstructed, of the flow of water 5190
*sepiq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP break off fruit or branches 9501
*sepsep PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC sip, suck 7478
*sepsep-en PAN PMP PWMP to be sucked up or in 7483
*sepsep-i PMP to sip, to suck 7484
*serep PMP penetrate 9632
*si amax PAN PMP PWMP father (ref.) 137
*si ia₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP 3sg. personal pronoun: he, she, it 2786
*si ia₂ PAN PMP PWMP demonstrative pronoun and adverb: this, here; that, there 2788
*si ida PMP they 2818
*si₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP nominative case marker for singular personal names or kin terms used as personal names 8782
*sibu PAN PMP PWMP bladder (?) 5241
*simbuR PMP to sprinkle 5279
*sindar PMP light, bright 5288
*siDsiD PMP sail along the coast, follow the coast in voyaging 7679
*sidu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP spoon, ladle 5244
*sigá PMP spark, bright light 9067
*sihul PMP to whistle 5247
*si-ima PAN PMP PWMP who? 8841
*siji PMP separate the chaff from the grain 5248
*sika PMP to chase away or shoo off small animals 9691
*siŋkab PMP open, uncover 5345
*sikek PMP kingfisher: Halcyon spp. 9539
*sikep₂ PMP catch under the hand 9429
*si(ŋ)ket PMP stick, adhere to 5357
*siksik₂ PMP scale of fish, lizard or snake; shell of turtle or tortoise 8923
*siŋkul PMP bent, of the arm 5346
*sikut₁ PMP bent, of the arm 5264
*sikux PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC elbow 8485
*sila₁ PMP outpouring of light 9468
*silak PMP beam of light 8478
*silap PMP sparkle, dazzle 5266
*silaq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP split 5267
*silaq PMP outpouring of light 5270
*silaw PMP dazzling, of light 8938
*sileŋ PMP look askance 5273
*sili PMP dazzled 5275
*s<in>aŋelaR PMP food that is dry roasted 8411
*sinaR PMP ray of light, sunbeam 7270
*si(n)duk PMP spoon, ladle 5350
*siŋaR PMP ray of light; to shine 9553
*siŋ(e)qit PMP fit snugly, as bowstring in arrow notch 5354
*si(ŋ)kuk PMP have a stiff or bent arm 5358
*simpa PMP slanting, sloping 9556
*simpaŋ PMP side path, branch or fork in path or stream; take a side path or way; crossroads 9554
*si(m)pet PMP close, shut off 5347
*sipit PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP tongs, pincers, claw of a crab or lobster; to pinch or squeeze 9217
*sipsip PAN PMP PWMP sip, suck 5308
*sirak₁ PMP outpouring of light 5313
*siraq₁ PMP to split open 9582
*siRa₂ PMP red, reddish color of flames 9438
*siRaq PMP reddish, color of flames 5316
*siRi PMP a shrub: Cordyline, Dracaena 5317
*siRup PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC to sip, as through a straw 9091
*sisi₁ PMP small snail or periwinkle 5325
*sisir PMP comb, comb-like structure; rake, harrow 9129
*sit PMP sound of sputtering, sizzling, etc. 5329
*sitsit PMP hiss 5328
*siuk PMP hiss; whistle 5330
*siwa PMP nine 9165
*siwaŋ PMP gap, open space; groove 9041
*siwaq PAN PMP PWMP fissure, split in something 9635
*siwsíw PAN PMP PWMP to cheep; baby chick 9323
*su PAN PMP PWMP nominative case marker for common nouns 8810
*sual PMP root up the ground, of a pig; uproot 7681
*suaR₁ PMP lift up with a lever, lever up, root up 7682
*suat₁ PMP kind of comb 5378
*suat₂ PMP root up, lever up 9532
*suba PMP spittle, saliva 5379
*sudu PMP spoon, ladle, scoop 5381
*suduk PMP spoon, ladle, spade, shovel 9341
*suja PMP pitfall or trail spikes made of sharpened bamboo 9265
*suka₁ PMP a tree: Gnetum gnemon 5384
*su(ŋ)kab PMP to open, break open 5466
*suked PAN PMP PWMP prop, support; to prop up or support 9087
*suŋkit PMP pierce, as wth a needle; extract by piercing 9485
*suksuk PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC pierce, penetrate; insert 8293
*suksuk-i PMP to insert, cram, stuff 8299
*suku PMP one quarter; designation for a division of society, probably a lineage 9586
*sukud PAN PMP PWMP walking stick, cane, staff 5467
*su(ŋ)kuk PMP hang one's head 5468
*sukul₂ PMP cornered, unable to escape 9260
*sukul₃ PMP to measure vertically 9262
*sukun PMP breadfruit sp. 9247
*sulam PMP pierce or remove with a needle 9264
*suled PMP insert, plug 9470
*sulen PMP insert, plug 9469
*suli₁ PMP plant shoot, sprout, cutting 8281
*suli₂ PAN PMP PWMP to reverse, turn around 9560
*sulig PMP a fish, the fusilier: Caesionidae sp. 9215
*suliq PMP to reverse, turn around 9328
*sulsul₁ PMP follow the edge of a body of water, as in going upstream 9374
*sulud₂ PAN PMP PWMP push 9640
*suluŋ₁ PMP shelter 5406
*suluŋ₂ PMP put on clothing, wrap around body 9459
*suluq PMP torch, probably of dried palm frond 7621
*sulut PMP to wear or put on clothing 10583
*sumaŋed PMP soul of a living being; soul of the rice plant 8815
*sumaŋet nu pajay PMP soul of the rice plant 8816
*s<um>ebuS PAN PMP PWMP to hiss or steam, of water touching a fire 8944
*s<um>epsep PAN PMP PWMP to suck, sip 7481
*s<um>iku PAN PMP PWMP to elbow; to push or jab with the elbow 8491
*s<um>uksuk PAN PMP PWMP to enter, penetrate, pierce 8298
*s<um>ulud PAN PMP PWMP to push 9641
*s<um>unaR PMP to shine, radiate light 7292
*s<um>usu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP to suckle, suck at the breast 7631
*sunaR PMP light, radiance 7290
*sunuR PMP set fire to, smoke out 9047
*suŋa PAN PMP PWMP do wrong, do in reverse 9725
*su(ŋ)kit PMP pick or knock down fruit with a pole 9130
*suŋut₂ PMP labial circle 5462
*supaq PMP to spit, expectorate 5424
*sumpit PMP blowpipe, blowgun 8279
*supsup PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC sip, suck 5426
*supu PMP boundary, border 5427
*suqan PMP digging stick 8274
*suqaR PAN PMP PWMP thorn 5428
*suquN PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC carry on the head 5433
*surup₁ PMP enter, penetrate; to set, of the sun 5445
*suRuq₂ PAN PMP PWMP to call on a person to do something 9304
*susu PMP banana or plantain sp. 5451
*susu₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC female breast; udder 7625
*susun PMP to stack up, pile in layers 7560
*susuq PMP edible snail 5450
*sutsut₁ PMP to lose weight, grow thin 9337
*SadiRi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC housepost 4964
*Sajek-en PAN PMP PWMP to smell 4981
*SameCi PMP a plant: Solanum nigrum 6818
*Sauni PAN PMP PWMP in a little while, momentarily, later 5089
*Seyaq PAN PMP PWMP shyness, embarrassment; shame 5203
*Sika- PAN PMP PWMP prefix for ordinal numbers 2836
*Si-lahud PAN PMP PWMP wind from the sea (?) 7046
*Siñaw PAN PMP PWMP to wash 5337
*Suaji-an PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP called or regarded as siblings (?) 5376
*S<um>apaR PAN PMP PWMP unroll, spread out a mat 5018
*S<um>uni PAN PMP PWMP to chirp, to crow, to sound off (birds) 5418
*SuRut PAN PMP PWMP pull, draw 5446
*SuRut-en PAN PMP PWMP be pulled or drawn 5447
*-ta PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC 1pl. incl. genitive suffix 10272
*ta-₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC 1pl. incl. nominative and hortative pronoun 10270
*ta-₂ PMP prefix marking spontaneous or involuntary action 10284
*taba₃ PMP cut with a knife 10711
*tabad PMP to cut, make an incision 10499
*tambak₁ PMP hit, pound on 5492
*tambak₂ PMP dam, dyke, embankment; to fill a hole with earth; to heap up 8570
*tambal PMP to mend, patch 10285
*taban PMP booty, war captive; what is taken in war; elopement, captured bride 7177
*tabaŋ PMP help, assist 5471
*tambar PMP antidote (as for snakebite) 10277
*tabtab₂ PAN PMP PWMP slurp up food or water; eat like a pig or dog; gulp down 10336
*tabukul PAN PMP PWMP casting net for fishing 10313
*tabun₂ PMP to cover with earth, sand, etc. 10296
*tabuni₁ PMP placenta, afterbirth 7820
*tabuq PMP scoop up water; water scoop or dipper 10298
*tabuqan PMP yellowjacket wasp 10300
*tabuR₁ PMP to strew, scatter, as seed 10299
*tabuRi PMP conch shell trumpet 7935
*tabuRiq PMP conch shell trumpet 5496
*tada PMP natural cockspur (cf *tazi, artificial cockspur) 5473
*taŋga PMP rung of a ladder; runged ladder 10482
*tageRaŋ PAN PMP PWMP ribcage 6535
*tahan PMP abode, place of residence 8160
*tahaw PMP outdoors, outside 2012
*tahep PMP winnow 1993
*tahep-an PMP winnowing basket 1994
*tahep-i₁ PMP to winnow 5475
*tahep-i₂ PMP winnow 1996
*tahiq PMP to sew 1998
*ta-huaji PMP younger sibling of the same sex; younger parallel cousin of the same sex 5374
*tak PMP bang! 10562
*taŋkas PMP loosen, untie 5527
*takaw₁ PMP steal 1938
*taŋkay PMP stem of a plant, stalk 10467
*taŋkep PMP catch, as by covering 10468
*takes PAN PMP PWMP to wrap around; embrace, hug 10390
*taki PMP feces, excreta 1956
*taktak₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP to fall, of many things at once; to dislodge the contents of a container by knocking it against something 10430
*taktak₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP clatter, clack 10524
*taku₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP dipper, scoop; to scoop, ladle up 10640
*takub PMP thin covering, eyelid 9171
*takub-takub PMP eyelid 9173
*takut PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP fear 7425
*talaq₁ PMP the morning (evening) star: Venus 5479
*talas PMP break, burst 5480
*talaw PAN PMP PWMP timid, fearful; coward 5481
*tales PMP taro: Colocasia esculenta 7486
*talih PMP rope, cord, twine, string 1960
*ta-likud PMP turn the back on 7537
*taliŋa PMP ear; kind of tree fungus 1974
*taliŋa na kahiw PMP wood ear, semicircular edible fungus which grows on tree trunks 1976
*talisay PMP a shore tree with edible nuts: Terminalia catappa 10441
*taliuk PAN PMP PWMP turn, go around 5483
*talu₂ PMP to lose, be defeated 10539
*taluk PMP young plant shoot 5487
*taluki PMP kind of fabric (silk?) 5486
*talun₁ PMP fallow land; secondary forest 1978
*tama₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP appropriate, suitable, right; fit together; hit the mark 5491
*tama₂ PMP enter, penetrate; bold, of persons 8961
*tamaq₁ PMP appropriate, suitable; fit together 5490
*tamaq₂ PMP enter, penetrate; bold, of persons 8963
*t-amax PMP father 139
*tamiaŋ PMP kind of bamboo 5497
*tamiŋ PMP type of shield 5499
*tamiq PMP to taste, try 9471
*tamis PMP to taste, try 5498
*tamtam PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG smack the lips 5505
*tanek PMP to cook 7332
*tanek-en PMP to be cooked 7340
*tanem PMP grave; to bury; to plant 7438
*tanem-an PAN PMP PWMP area that is planted(?) 7450
*tanem-i PMP to plant on or in 7452
*taneq PMP earth, soil, land 8059
*taneq pulut PMP clay, sticky earth 8062
*taneq tumbuq PMP anthill, termite mound (lit, ‘growing earth’) 8064
*tani₂ PMP here 10658
*tanum₁ PMP fill with water 7455
*t<an>uzuq PMP index finger 8829
*taNiud PAN PMP PWMP mulberry tree and fruit: Morus formosensis (Hotta) 7254
*tañam PAN PMP PWMP try, taste 5522
*taŋ PMP sound of a clang or bang 10595
*taŋa PMP to gape stupidly, gawk 10479
*taŋad PMP look upward 10432
*taŋada PMP to look upward 10644
*taŋan PMP finger, toe 5523
*taŋáR PMP to seize with the teeth, hold by biting 10723
*taŋeb PMP lid, cover 5524
*taŋelaj PMP elephant grass, miscanthus grass: Themeda gigantea 10768
*taŋila PMP ear 2038
*taŋiRi PMP Spanish mackerel, kingfish: Scomberomorini spp. 9141
*taŋis PMP weep, cry; mourn 2040
*taŋis-an PMP to cry over something or someone 7775
*taŋis-i PMP to cry for, cry over, mourn, bewail, weep for the dead 7777
*taŋis-taŋis PMP to weep continuously or incessantly 7779
*ta(ŋ)kas PMP agile, quick, swift, energetic 5537
*ta(ŋ)kep₁ PMP to fold over, double 5478
*ta(ŋ)kep₂ PMP seize, catch 10596
*ta(ŋ)kub PMP to close or cover up 10536
*tapa₁ PMP to smoke fish or meat for preservation 1982
*tapak₂ PMP visible 10362
*tapaŋ₁ PMP a patch, as on clothing 1989
*tampek PMP slap, hit with open hand 10643
*tapel PMP a patch, as on clothing 1991
*tapi PMP to winnow 10350
*tapik PMP pat, slap lightly 10347
*tapis₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP loincloth (?) 5509
*tapis₂ PMP to skim over the surface 7037
*tampuk₁ PMP clap, thud 5503
*tapuk₁ PMP flock together 5510
*ta(m)pun PMP gather, assemble 5532
*tapus PAN PMP PWMP end, complete, finish 5511
*taq₃ PMP negative marker: no, not 7691
*taqan₁ PAN PMP PWMP set a trap 5513
*taqay PMP feces, excrement 7978
*taq(e)mis PMP sweet 10544
*taqen PMP set a snare 8688
*taq(e)pil PMP in layers, adjacent to one another 10801
*taqi PMP feces, excrement 2005
*taqi nu haŋin PMP wind-driven fragments of cloud, light scudding clouds 7975
*taqi nu lalej PMP dark mole 7977
*taqih-an PMP place of sewing 2001
*taqu₁ PMP right side 7845
*taqu₂ PMP to know how, be able to, be skilled at 7839
*taqu-an PMP to know 7844
*taqun PMP year, season 8767
*tara PMP cockspur 5517
*taris PMP scratch a line 10726
*taR- PAN PMP PWMP prefix marking spontaneous or involuntary action 10286
*taRaq₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC hewing with an adze 8137
*taRaq₂ PMP unicorn fish: Acanthurus unicornis 10662
*taRaqan PMP squirrelfish: Holocentrus spp. 5516
*taRaq-i PAN PMP PCEMP PEMP POC Adze it!, Hew it! 8142
*taRin PMP snare trap 10663
*ta(R)kes PAN PMP PWMP wrap around, encircle 5535
*taRum PMP indigo plant and dye: Indigofera suffruticosa (Mill.) and Indigofera tinctoria L. 7996
*taRuq PMP to store, put away for safekeeping, hide valuables; to place a bet in gambling; lay an egg 8850
*taRus PMP to reach, extend to 10665
*taRutum PMP porcupine fish 8671
*taRutuŋ PMP porcupine fish, puffer fish, Diodon sp. 5519
*tasak PMP ripe 10485
*tasik PMP sea, saltwater 8768
*tasim PMP sharp 10624
*tasim-i PMP to sharpen 11084
*tata₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC collateral consanguine of the first ascending generation 10523
*ta-talih PMP cordage (?) 1962
*ta-tawa PMP to laugh 2026
*ta-telu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC three (of humans) 8437
*tatuqu PMP true, real 10598
*tau nu mata PMP pupil of the eye (‘person of the eye’) 8615
*tau tau PMP human effigy; pupil of the eye 2022
*tau₁ PMP person, human being 2015
*tau-mata PMP person, human being 10132
*ta-umpu PMP grandparent/grandchild (referential term used reciprocally) 5803
*tawa₁ PMP to laugh 2024
*tawan PMP kind of fruit tree: Pometia pinnata 7083
*taytay PMP single log bridge (?) 8390
*tazem PMP sharpened blade or point 2033
*tazim PMP sharp point; to whet, 10487
*tebah PMP to cut, clear vegetation 10955
*tebak PMP fall with a loud smack 2049
*tebaŋ PMP to fell trees 10317
*tebek PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG pierce, stab 5543
*te(m)bek PMP tap, thump 5592
*tebel₂ PMP thick, of objects; dense, of crowds 10320
*tebiq PMP split, divide, break off; section of a betel nut 6539
*tebuh₁ PMP sugarcane: Saccharum officinarum 7953
*tebuh₂ PMP sugarcane: Saccharum officinarum 2055
*tebuk₂ PMP fall with a dull thud 2053
*tebuR PMP natural spring, fresh water spring 5550
*tebus PMP redeem, ransom 10322
*teda PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP leftover, remainder 5552
*teduŋ₁ PMP take shelter, cover the head 5554
*tegaŋ PMP dry, dehydrated 5556
*tegas PMP clear, straightforward 5555
*tegel PMP unyielding, obstinate, inflexible, stubborn 5557
*teger PMP unyielding, obstinate, inflexible, stubborn 5558
*tegteg PMP knock, pound, beat 2057
*teguk PMP to gulp, swallow all at once 10446
*teguŋ PAN PMP PWMP to boom, resound 5559
*tek PMP thump! 10525
*teka₁ PMP to come, arrive; reach as far as; reach a destination; to complete 7955
*teka₂ PMP elder sibling of the same sex 8329
*tekas PMP come to rest in a definite place, settle down, as birds on a tree 5560
*teked PMP prop, support 5561
*tekek PMP dull throaty sound 5562
*teken PMP downward pressure; bamboo punting pole 9266
*teken-teken PMP (gloss uncertain) 9269
*tekep PAN PMP PWMP a cover; to cover with a flat surface 10472
*tekiq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP high-pitched sound; chirp of a gecko 5565
*tektek₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC chopping to pieces, cutting up, as meat or vegetables 8913
*tektek₂ PMP pierce, penetrate 2060
*tektek₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG gecko, house lizard (onom.) 5566
*tektek-en PAN PMP PWMP be chopped into pieces, be minced, as meat or vegetables; what is chopped up or minced 8918
*tekub PMP to cover, shut 10601
*tekuk PMP bend or pull down (as a branch) 5567
*tekuŋ₁ PMP bow the head 5569
*tekuŋ₂ PAN PMP PWMP to rap, knock, make a booming sound 10759
*tekuq PMP bend, hook 5568
*tela PMP split, crack 5570
*telaq₁ PMP split, crack, fissure 2064
*telaq₂ PMP sexual heat, sexual excitement 10667
*teleb PMP sink, vanish from sight 5572
*telem PMP sink, disappear under water 5573
*telen PMP to swallow 10400
*teli PMP female genitalia 5575
*telu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC three 8414
*telu-ŋa-puluq PMP thirty 8416
*telu-telu PMP three each, three by three 8446
*temu₁ PMP all around, surrounding 5578
*tenun PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP to weave (cloth, baskets) 8734
*tenun-an PAN PMP PWMP loom 8738
*tenun-en PAN PMP PWMP to be woven by someone 8742
*teñej PMP sink, set (sun) 5590
*teñen PMP to swallow 10803
*teŋ PMP buzz, hum 5599
*teŋaq PMP middle, center; half 10369
*teŋeR PMP kind of mangrove, Ceriops spp., with bark used for dyeing 6542
*teŋiC PAN PMP PWMP grimace at pain 5591
*teŋteŋ₁ PAN PMP PWMP drone, droning tone 5597
*teŋuq PMP nape of the neck 5598
*tempak PMP split, break off 5576
*tepak₁ PMP to slap 9143
*tepeŋ₁ PMP taste, test, try 6545
*tepiR PMP mat 5583
*teptep PMP firefly 10228
*t-empu PMP grandparent/grandchild (ref.) 2349
*tepuk PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP hit, sound of hitting, clapping, thumping 5593
*te(m)pus PMP end, conclude, finish 5594
*teriŋ PMP bamboo sp. 6547
*terter PAN PMP PWMP shiver, tremble 5586
*teRab PMP a belch 2073
*teRas PMP heartwood of a tree, hard, durable core of wood; ironwood tree 8705
*teReb PMP soaked, saturated, full of liquid; crowded or filled to overflowing 10448
*teRi PMP k.o. small fish 6548
*tesek PMP pierce, penetrate 2078
*tetas PMP rip or tear open 5587
*tenzeg, te(n)dek PMP upright, erect 5580
*tian PMP abdomen, belly 7813
*tian-an PMP pregnant (lit. ‘in the belly') 7814
*timba PMP vessel for fetching water from a well, objects from a pit, etc 10323
*tibuk PAN PMP PWMP pound, throb 5600
*tida PMP leftover, remainder 10509
*tidaq PMP leftover, remainder 10511
*tindaw PMP see in the distance 8496
*tidem PMP dark, obscure; black 5601
*tindes PMP crush lice with the fingernails 10376
*tidu PMP spoon, ladle 2084
*tiduR PMP to sleep 8354
*tik₁ PMP sound of tapping or flicking (of finger, small implement, etc.) 2091
*tikas PMP lift off a cover, be lifted off 10648
*tiked PMP heel 5604
*tikek PMP cry of the gecko 5605
*tikel PAN PMP PWMP bend 5606
*tiktik PMP to tap, strike lightly on a hard surface 2086
*tiktik PMP drip, leak 5631
*tiŋkuq PMP graze, strike lightly against 5639
*tikuRas PAN PMP PWMP a bird: the Formosan bamboo partridge 6707
*tila PMP vulva, vagina 5612
*tilen PMP to swallow 5614
*tilu PMP earwax 5617
*timid PMP chin, jaw 5620
*timuR PMP southeast monsoon 7785
*timus PAN PMP PWMP salt 7345
*t-ina PMP mother (ref.) 2902
*tina PMP female, of animals 10815
*t<in>alih PMP was made into rope; what was made into rope 1966
*t<in>anek PMP boiled foods other than rice 7336
*t<in>apa PMP smoked fish or meat 1987
*t<in>aqay PMP intestines 7980
*t<in>aqi PMP small intestine 2007
*t<in>ektek PAN PMP PWMP was chopped up 8916
*t<in>enun PAN PMP PWMP was woven by someone; what was woven 8736
*tin(e)qaw PMP clear, pure, of water 10407
*t<in>uduq PAN PMP PWMP dripped; what dripped 7363
*t<in>uduR PMP (gloss uncertain) 8367
*tinun PAN PMP PWMP to weave (cloth, baskets) 8741
*t<in>unuh PMP be roasted (by someone) 2126
*tiŋ PMP ringing sound 10566
*tiŋah PMP food particles caught between the teeth 2099
*tiŋi PMP listen 5637
*ti(ŋ)kas PMP swift, energetic 9104
*tiŋtiŋ PMP tinkling sound 10408
*timpaŋ PMP lame, limping; to limp 10550
*tipis PMP thin (of materials) 10629
*ti-pitu PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 8324
*t-impu PMP grandparent 2881
*tiqaw₁ PMP goatfish spp. 5624
*tiqaw₂ PMP goatfish, family Mullidae 2095
*tirtir₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC shiver, tremble 5627
*tiRem PMP oyster 8502
*tiR(e)peS PAN PMP PWMP spittle 10568
*tiRis PMP drip, ooze through 7359
*titey PMP suspension bridge 5630
*titi PMP breast; suck the breast 7633
*titik PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP to beat on something loudly 5687
*titiq PMP breast; suck the breast 7634
*titis PMP drip, ooze 6537
*titu PMP puppy 7322
*tiup PMP blowing on, fanning 5632
*ti(n)zeg PMP stand erect 5643
*tuay PMP kind of edible marine clam 8500
*tuba PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC a plant with roots that are pounded and put in rivers to stun fish: Derris elliptica 8455
*tu(m)bak PMP clash together 5695
*tumbuk PMP punch, hit, pound 10308
*tubuq, tumbuq PMP grow, germinate, sprout 2107
*tubuR PMP natural spring, fresh water spring 10333
*tu(n)daŋ PMP to sit 5698
*tudaq PMP throw 5652
*tudiŋ PAN PMP PWMP to point out 10553
*tudiq PMP tree sp.: Sesbania grandiflora 5653
*tuduk PMP skewer, spit for roasting 5654
*tuduŋ PMP head cover, protection from sun or rain 10379
*tuduq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC to leak, drip, as a leaky roof; a drop of water 7361
*tuduq-an PAN PMP PWMP to drip 7366
*tuduq-en PAN PMP PWMP to drip 7365
*tuduR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to sleep 8357
*tugtug₁ PMP knock or bump the head 7932
*tugtug₂ PMP beat, pound; sound of rhythmic pounding 2114
*tuhud PMP knee 7351
*tuhuR PMP stringing of beads, skewering of fish, etc. 2150
*tui₁ PMP a tree: Dolichandrone spathacea 5661
*tuiq PAN PMP PWMP bird sp. 5660
*tuk PMP sound of a knock 10572
*tukaŋ PMP to prop half-open 10517
*tuked PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP prop, support 8931
*tukik PMP poke, prod, peck 5663
*tuktuk₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP beak of a bird; to peck 5665
*tuktuk₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP top, summit, crown 5666
*tuktuk₃ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP to knock, pound, beat; crush 10573
*tuktuk-i PMP to hammer, pound (something) 10576
*tuku₁ PAN PMP PWMP prop, post 5667
*tukud PAN PMP PWMP prop, support 7957
*tukul PAN PMP PWMP to sprout, begin to grow 10497
*tulak PMP push something away, shove, repel; push off, as a boat leaving shore or being poled through shallow water 8384
*tulali PMP bamboo nose flute 8387
*tuli₁ PMP earwax; deaf 8577
*tultul PMP blunt, dull 5670
*tuluŋ PMP to help, assist 7367
*tulus PMP straightaway, immediately; get done at once; continue on, lasting 10530
*tuluy₁ PMP continue 5671
*tuluy₂ PMP stop and visit when passing by 5672
*tumah PMP clothes louse; body louse 2120
*t<um>akut PMP become afraid 7434
*t<um>alih PMP to twist into rope (?) 1968
*t<um>anek PMP to cook anything but rice 7338
*t<um>anem PAN PMP PWMP to plant 7449
*t<um>aqi PMP to defecate 2009
*t<um>aRaq PAN PMP PWMP to adze wood, hew wood with an adze 8140
*t<um>azem PAN PMP PWMP sharpen 7165
*t<um>ebek PAN PMP PWMP to pierce, to stab 5546
*t<um>enun PAN PMP PWMP to weave 8737
*t<um>əktək PAN PMP PWMP to chop, hack, cut off 8917
*t<um>uba PAN PMP PWMP to stun fish with plant poison 8460
*t<um>ubuq PMP to sprout, to grow 2109
*t<um>ugtug PMP knock or bump the head 7934
*t<um>unuh PMP to roast (intr.) 2128
*tuna PMP freshwater eel 8374
*tunu PMP roast food over a fire 2123
*tunuh-an PAN PMP PWMP to roast 2130
*tuŋ PMP booming sound 10578
*tuŋtuŋ₂ PMP peak, top 5700
*tumpel PMP dull, blunt 5679
*tumpul PMP dull, blunt 5680
*tu(m)pus PMP to complete, finish 5697
*tuqah PMP old, of people; mature, as fruit 8506
*tuqah tuqah PMP older people, elders 8513
*tuqan PMP primary forest 5649
*tuqed PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG tree stump; stubble 5682
*tuqelan PMP condylous bone; bone of fauna exclusive of fish 2144
*tuqtuq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP to hammer, pound, crush 5683
*tuqu₂ PMP true, real; truly, really 9753
*tuquD PMP to stand 10475
*tuquR PMP evaporate, dry up 5684
*tuqu-tuqu PMP true, truly 9757
*turik PMP mark with a line or spot 5686
*turiŋ PMP fish sp. 5688
*turis₂ PMP scratch a line 2147
*turus PMP stake, free-standing post 10417
*tuRa PMP to string, put on a string 5685
*tuRaŋ PMP kinsman, relative (undefined) 10419
*tuRtuR PAN PMP PWMP resonant sound 5689
*tuRun₁ PMP to descend, go down; to lower 8268
*tusiq PMP to point at, indicate 8819
*tusuk PMP pierce, skewer or string together 8896
*tutub PMP to cover 5690
*tutuh PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC beat, pound, bump, thump 9026
*tutuk₁ PMP bow, lower the head 5692
*tutuŋ PMP to ignite, set fire to 10382
*tutup₁ PMP to cover 10384
*tutur₁ PMP to speak clearly and deliberately 10533
*tutur₂ PAN PMP PWMP cooing of a dove 10820
*tuzu PMP direction, goal, destination 10579
*tuzuk PMP point at, point out 8818
*tuzuq₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC to point at, point out; give directions 8820
*tuzuq₂ PMP to point out, instruct 10561
*tuzuq-en PAN PMP PWMP be pointed at, be pointed out 8833
*tuzuq-i PMP to point, indicate; teach, instruct 8834
*tuzu-tuzuq PMP keep pointing at 8836
*ua PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP POC exclamation of surprise, etc. 5709
*uak₁ PMP harsh cry, bellow, loud cry 5707
*uak₂ PMP sound of retching 5708
*uaʔ PMP parents' elder sibling 5710
*umbaw PMP top part; high 5793
*ubeŋ PMP to block, to dam up 5715
*ubet PMP buttocks, posterior 5714
*ubuC PAN PMP PWMP pluck, pull out 5716
*ubuŋ PMP ridge of the roof 5718
*udehi PMP last; come after or behind; late, later; future; stern of a boat; youngest child 5725
*udu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP grass 5739
*uduŋ PMP hut, temporary shelter 5740
*uduq₁ PMP stammer 5737
*uduq₂ PMP carved wooden figure, charm used to provide magical protection 6551
*ujan PMP cargo; load a canoe 5748
*ujuŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC nose 5749
*u(ŋ)kaq PMP open 5910
*ukir PMP carving, sculpture 5753
*ukuk PMP cough; to cough; sound of coughing 5758
*ukup PMP brood, sit on eggs; cover completely 5759
*ulaŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP repeat, do again 5767
*ulaw PAN PMP PWMP confusion, perplexity 5764
*uliq uliq PMP repeatedly 5782
*uliq₁ PMP return home; return something; restore, repair; repeat; motion to and fro 5770
*<um> PMP marker of actor focus for intransitive verbs, and of inchoatives 5806
*um-ai PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to come 7829
*um-a(ŋ)kit PMP to bite 418
*um-ala PAN PMP PWMP to fetch, get, take 7787
*um-alaq PAN PMP PWMP fetch, get, take 113
*uman PAN PMP PWMP again 5791
*um-aŋay PAN PMP PWMP to leave, depart (?) 9147
*um-aRi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP to come 299
*umel PMP speechless, dumb, mute 5796
*um-inum PMP to drink 2927
*um-uliq PMP return home 5778
*um-unah PMP go first 5808
*umuR PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP hold in the mouth 5804
*um-utaq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP to vomit 5870
*unah PMP precede, go or be first; earlier, former 5807
*uNay PAN PMP PWMP sliver, splinter, foreign body embedded in the flesh 5811
*uNuq PAN PMP PWMP beads 5818
*uŋap PMP open the mouth wide 5897
*umpaŋ PMP plug, obstruct 5797
*upaq PMP compensation, reward 5824
*upas PMP poison, venom of a snake 5827
*umpu PMP grandparent/grandchild (recipr.); ancestor 5802
*upun₁ PMP gather in masses, as smoke 5836
*upus PMP end, finish; used up, finished 5837
*uRat PMP artery, blood vessel, blood vein; muscle; nerve; sinew; tendon; fiber; vein of a leaf; grain of wood; strand (of thread, rope); fishing line; root 5842
*uRat i lima PMP lines in the palm of the hand 5847
*uRat uRat PMP veins, sinews (collective) 5845
*uReŋ PAN PMP PWMP horn of an animal 10877
*u(n)sek PMP press into 5906
*usik PMP disturb, annoy 5852
*usuk PMP press into, penetrate; enter crouching; drive in stakes 5859
*usuq PMP rub, wipe 5861
*utaña PMP ask, inquire 5875
*utaq PAN PMP PWMP vomit 5865
*utaq-an PAN PMP PWMP vomit (imperative) 5872
*utaq-en PAN PMP PWMP be vomited up; vomit (command) 5873
*untay₂ PMP citrus fruit 5814
*utik PMP marine fish with thorny skin 5878
*utiŋ PMP tang of a knife, etc. which fits into the haft to attach blade and handle 5879
*utus₁ PMP break under tension, as a rope 5882
*uu PMP moaning sound 5886
*uy PMP exclamation to express surprise, call attention, etc. 5893
*uyuR PMP shake, sway, stagger 5890
*uzeg PMP drive in, erect, as a piling 5894
*wada PMP be, exist, have; wealthy; not exist, not have 5912
*wadaŋ PAN PMP PWMP collarbone, clavicle 5915
*wahiR PMP fresh water; stream, river 5918
*wahiR bahaq PMP floodwaters 5921
*wai PMP mango sp. 5928
*waŋkaŋ PMP spread the legs apart 5986
*wakaq PMP split 5930
*wakaR PMP root 5931
*wakas PMP loosen, undo, uncover 5934
*wakat PMP mangrove root 5936
*wakwak PAN PMP PWMP bird sp.; to caw, crow 5941
*walu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC eight 5943
*walu ŋa puluq PMP eighty 5952
*walu walu PMP eight by eight, eight at a time 5953
*wanan PMP right (side, hand, direction) 5957
*wanan PMP right (side, hand, direction) 9474
*wani PMP honeybee 5960
*waŋis PMP bare the teeth 5982
*waqay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC foot, leg 5962
*waray PAN PMP PWMP to separate, as two people 5963
*waRej PMP vine, creeper 5964
*waRi₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP day; sun; dry in the sun 5968
*watawat PAN PMP PWMP wave, flutter (as a flag) 5977
*wati₁ PMP earthworm 5979
*wa-tu PMP away, outward, forward, onward; towards the hearer 2174
*wa-walu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP eight (of humans) 5954
*wili PAN PMP PWMP return, come back 5996
*wiŋawiŋ PAN PMP PWMP wag, shake, move repeatedly from side to side 6007
*wiŋis PMP bare the teeth 6008
*wirit PMP twist 5997
*wiRi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG left side or direction 5998
*witiwit PAN PMP PWMP wag, swing from side to side 6003
*za(ŋ)kuC PAN PMP PWMP grab, grasp, seize 6026
*zalan PMP path, made by a human as opposed to an animal; way or means to do something; wake of a boat; the Milky Way 7590
*zalan-an PAN PMP PWMP passageway, place where one has walked 7597
*zalan-zalan PAN PMP PWMP small path or trail 7598
*zalateŋ PMP stinging nettle: Laportea spp. 7183
*zaŋan₁ PMP handspan 6020
*zaqat PMP bad, evil; ugly 7599
*zaqit PMP to sew 7603
*zariŋ PMP noose or net trap 7684
*zaRami PAN PMP PWMP rice straw 8375
*zaRum PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP POC needle 7605
*zauq PMP far 8103
*zauq zauq PMP (gloss uncertain) 8106
*zawa₁ PMP daybreak, dawn 6019
*zawa₂ PAN PMP PWMP millet sp.: Setaria italica (?) 8750
*za-zalan PAN PMP PWMP (gloss uncertain) 7595
*zeket PMP to burn (fields, etc.) 6027
*zeŋkuŋ PMP curved 6032
*zelaq PAN PMP PWMP tongue 7135
*zelay PMP a cereal grass with edible seeds that are also used as beads, Job’s tears: Coix lachryma-jobi L. 8724
*zemak PMP feel, grope 6030
*zilak PMP cross-eyed 6033
*zilateŋ PMP stinging nettle: Laportea spp. 7185
*zitzit PMP to hiss 9237
*ziuq PMP bathe 6035
*ziziq PMP grin, show the teeth 6036
*zizir PMP grin, show the teeth 9437
*zuŋkuk PMP bend over, stoop 8733
*zukut PMP grass 6038
*zulu PAN PMP PWMP earlier, in advance 6039
*zuRuq PMP juice; sap; gravy; soup 7635

 a    b    c    C    d    e    g    h    i    k    l    m    n    N    ñ    ŋ    p    q    r    R    s    S    t    u    w    z   

 PAN    PMP    PWMP    PPh    PCEMP    PCMP    PEMP    PSHWNG    POC    combined   


Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 11/5/2017
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
D:\Users\Stephen\Documents\Visual Studio 2008\Projects\prjACD\prjACD\bin\Debug\acd-pl_pmp.htm