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Updated: 9/24/2017

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Proto-form indexes

(click on a *proto-form for its cognate set)

 PAN
1647
 PMP
3535
 PWMP
7019
 PPh
1305
 PCEMP
2825
 PCMP
2065
 PEMP
1646
 PSHWNG
361
 POC
2422
 combined   
22825

Proto-Philippines

 a    b    d    e    g    h    i    k    l    m    n    ñ    ŋ    p    q    r    R    s    t    u    w   


*aba₂ PPh carry pick-a-back 9
*abag PPh join forces, cooperate in working 1
*abaká PPh Manila hemp: Musa textilis 2
*abal abal PPh beetle sp. 3
*abat₂ PPh spirit that causes sickness 5
*abij PPh copulate 16
*abijay PPh sling over the shoulder 15
*ábuR PPh chase, drive away 6053
*adayuq PPH far 11098
*alap-en PPH fetch, get, take 107
*alik-qabuk PPh dust 4109
*alinaw PPh shadow 122
*alis-an PPH (gloss uncertain) 11067
*alís PPH to leave, depart 11066
*anam PPH a plant: Glochidion spp. 11068
*ananay₁ PPH exclamation of pain; ouch! 11069
*ananay₂ PPH go or do something slowly, take one’s time 11070
*anayup PPH beautyberry: Callicarpa spp. 11071
*anu-en PPh how? In what way? 3705
*áŋal PPh groan, cry of pain 6104
*aŋas PPH face, countenance 11086
*aŋ(ə)tad PPH in the line of sight, clearly visible 8709
*apatut PPH small tree, probably Morinda citrifolia Linn. 11145
*apipiŋ PPH cheek 11118
*apu apu PPh forefathers, ancestors 283
*apu-en PPh regard as a grandparent or grandchild (?) 281
*apúy PPh break out in boils 286
*apu-ʔ PPh grandparent, ancestor, lord, master, owner (voc.) 282
*asúd PPh pound rice in tandem 326
*asud-án PPh pound together, place of pounding together 328
*ata₂ PPh expression, as of displeasure or surprise 332
*atáb PPh flood tide 348
*antábay PPh stay with, accompany 250
*átaŋ átaŋ PPh poisonous arthropod 6089
*átaŋ₄ PPh sacrifice to the spirits 6090
*antap PPh guess, suspect 248
*ántiŋ PPh hear at a distance 6082
*atúbaŋ PPh to face, confront 347
*aum PPH a plant: Melanolepis multiglandulosa (Reinw.) 11080
*áway PPH to quarrel, argue, fight 11087
*ayaw₁ PPh depart, separate from 367
*bábad PPh soak 1922
*ba-bahi-en PPh take a woman as mistress 6940
*bagay₂ PPH thing; detail 9150
*bagáy-an PPH to be well-matched 9149
*bagut PPH to pull out, as hair 10942
*bagut-en PPH to pull out, as hair 10943
*bahen PPH to sneeze 7061
*bakaŋ₂ PPH to divert the attention of someone 10944
*bakáq PPH maybe, perhaps, possibly 10947
*bakes₂ PPH old woman; female, of animals 11147
*balalaŋ₂ PPh long-legged shore-bird, the sandpiper or snipe 499
*balaqih PPh co-parent-in-law, the relationship between parents of spouses 502
*bala(R)baR PPh crosswise, athwart 523
*balát PPh edible marine invertebrate - probably sea cucumber 604
*baláw PPh negative marker 605
*balaw₁ PPh small shrimp sp. 511
*baláyaŋ PPh banana sp. 606
*báli PPh join, participate in; accompany 1924
*balíkes PPh encircle, wrap around 599
*baliketád PPh reverse, turn around 542
*balikid PPh reverse, turn over or around 543
*balíkis PPh tie around; belt 600
*balikutkút PPh bend, curl up 544
*balilit PPh species of edible snail 547
*balinu PPH creeping vine that grows on sandy beaches, the beach morning glory: Ipomoea pes-caprae 11088
*balisúsu PPh a bird: the kingfisher 551
*balítiq PPh a tree: the banyan or strangler fig 602
*baliw-an PPh change, exchange; repeat, return; again 561
*balñaw PPh rinse, rinse off 598
*balud PPH to bind, tie up (as a person) 11121
*balud-en PPH to bind, tie up (as a person) 11123
*balúlaŋ PPh large open-work basket 601
*balútu PPh dugout canoe 603
*banabá PPh a tree: Lagerstroemia speciosa 608
*baneR PPh to bruise, raise welts 625
*banhéd PPh numb; 'fall asleep', of a limb 626
*bani₂ PPH a tree: Pongamia spp. 9092
*baniákaw PPh tree sp. 628
*banisah PPH a tree: Planchonella obovata 9093
*banúg PPh hawk, eagle 636
*banuit PPh fish hook 634
*banútan PPh tree sp. 637
*baŋaq₂ PPH earthen water jar 10945
*baŋ(e)lu PPH fragrance, pleasant odor 10463
*baqak₂ PPH old 10946
*baqug PPH spoiled, gone to waste; never realized, of potential for fertility 7072
*baququ PPH tortoise, land turtle 7065
*baraŋgay PPh communal boat 689
*baranbán PPh small marine fish 655
*barat₂ PPh tree sp. 670
*barayeŋ PPh tree sp. 672
*baRat PPH to meet 8967
*bási PPH sugarcane wine 6610
*básul PPH blame someone for something 6458
*basula PPH hairy eggplant: Solanum ferox Linn. 11148
*batéŋ PPH hunting net; net used in hunting 6484
*batiŋ PPH to catch by the legs 11089
*bantug PPH fame; famous, renowned 8332
*batuR₂ PPH aligned, lined up 7087
*bayaŋ₂ PPH kind of marine fish 6703
*baybáy PPh beach, shore 736
*bágay-bágay PPH details, particulars 9151
*behñat PPh stretch 828
*bejbej-en PPh to wind, tie by winding around 834
*belaj PPh expose to the sun, dry in the sun 877
*belay PPh tired, weary; to tire, grow tired 889
*bened PPh numb 928
*beŋát₂ PPh state, express in words 1093
*beŋet₁ PPh edge, border 1072
*beŋet₂ PPh moustache, whiskers 1073
*beŋqáw PPh chasm, precipice 1087
*beŋuit PPh fishhook 1090
*beRnát PPh relapse 981
*beRták PPh to hit, strike, or hard objects colliding 991
*beRus₂ PPH a tree: Acalypha amentacea Roxb. 7998
*besay PPH waterfall 10740
*beskag PPh to open, as a flower 1008
*beskaj PPh to open, as a flower 1009
*besqel PPh blame someone for something 1010
*betek₁ PPh binding material, cordage; bundle 1031
*biaR₂ PPh satiated, full after eating 1099
*bigláq PPh suddenly 1116
*bihaR-en PPh allowed to live, given life; made captive 1118
*bijaw PPh winnowing basket 1123
*biŋkit PPh joined along the length 1315
*biklaj PPh spread out, unfurl 1131
*biklát PPh scar 1132
*bilas PPH relationship between spouses of siblings 11101
*bilu₁ PPh blackened 1178
*b<in>a-bahi PPh effeminate, of a man 6947
*b<in>eRas PPh pounded rice 954
*b<in>ukbuk PPh worm-eaten 1492
*binuŋa PPh a tree; Macaranga tanarius 1208
*b<in>uRbuR PPh rice porridge 1746
*biŋát PPh stretch open, dilate 1322
*bisíbis PPh sprinkle water on something 1270
*bítay PPh hang 1926
*bitay-en PPh be hung, suspended 1928
*bitek PPh intestinal worm 1283
*bítin PPh hang, suspend 1930
*bítin-bítin PPh hang, suspend 1931
*bítu PPh hole, cavern, pitfall 1932
*biu PPh tree sp. 1302
*buág PPh uproot a tree 1889
*buál PPh uproot a tree 1906
*buás PPh tomorrow 1909
*búgaq PPh pumice 1923
*bugris PPh flow through a small opening, of rushing water 1427
*bugtúŋ PPh alone, single 1428
*buhis-an PPh one to whom tribute is paid 1453
*bujas PPh pluck, as fruit 1463
*bujiq PPh fish eggs, roe 1474
*buklad PPh unfold, open up, blossom 1509
*buknul PPh knot, lump 1510
*buktút PPh bulge, as the belly of a pregnant woman, a hunchback 1511
*bukul bukul PPh lumpy, full of lumps 1902
*bulalákaw₁ PPh spoiled coconut 1530
*bulalákaw₂ PPh shooting star, meteor; spirit of the shooting star 1531
*bulág PPh cataract of the eye; hazy or blurred vision 1630
*bulbul₁ PPh body hair, feathers 1565
*buldíŋ PPh blind in one eye 1569
*bulig-an PPh carry on a pole between two persons; help someone carry a load 1578
*bulilít PPh dwarfish, small (of people) 1581
*bulínaw PPh anchovy: Stolephorus spp. 1631
*bulud₁ PPh borrow, lend 1592
*bulud-an PPh mountainous area 1572
*bulud-en PPh borrow 1593
*b<um>aŋun PPh arise from sleep 793
*bunal PPh beat up, bruise someone 1634
*buniag PPh baptism 1646
*bunuj PPh mushroom sp. 1679
*bunuŋ PPH to distribute, pass out shares (as of food) 11124
*bunut-an PPh remove coconut husk; scrub with coconut husk 1700
*bunut-en PPh be fibrous 1701
*bunut-i PPh husk it! 1702
*bunwít PPh fishhook 1705
*buŋáŋaq PPh open the mouth wide 1919
*buŋaw₂ PPh scrotum; testicles 1869
*buŋbuŋ₂ PPh deep resounding sound 1884
*buŋtút PPh stench, bad odor 1910
*buŋuq PPH skull 11064
*buqbuq-an PPh place into which something is poured 1722
*buqel PPh protruding part of the lower leg 1725
*buqetis PPh pregnant woman 1729
*búquŋ PPh broken, shattered 1925
*buRaw-en PPh drive off, chase away, expel 1739
*busiq PPh split, rip open 1793
*busiqsiq PPh split open 1792
*busqák PPh to split apart (of wood) 1794
*busuáŋ PPh strong free flow of water 1806
*butandiŋ PPh whale? 1809
*butakál PPh male pig, boar 1808
*butbut-en PPh be pulled out, be plucked; what is pulled or plucked out 1395
*buteliR-an PPh having warts 1818
*butí PPh smallpox; swine disease 1841
*butih-en PPh get smallpox; get swine disease 1842
*butik PPh spotted, dappled, speckled 1823
*butikíq PPh gecko, house lizard 1824
*bútil PPh satiated, full (of the stomach) 1929
*butíq PPh roasted rice, popped rice 1838
*butítiq PPh have an inflated abdomen 1839
*butúy PPh swollen, of the flesh 1840
*butúl PPH hard seed, stone of some fruits 11149
*buybuy PPh silk cotton tree: Ceiba pentandra Linn. 1854
*buyequŋ-an PPh paunchy, big-bellied 1856
*buyug PPh bumblebee 1857
*buyúk PPh rotten, stinking 1862
*dabuk₂ PPH dust 7021
*dabuŋ PPH bamboo shoot 7024
*dakél PPH big, large (in size or quantity) 7025
*dákit PPH ford a river, cross to the other side (of a river, street, etc.) 6983
*dalág PPH mudfish, murrel 6984
*dalágan PPH rushing of water; rapids, cascade 6985
*dálaw PPH pay a visit, drop by to see someone 7028
*dalig PPH buttress root 2188
*dapdáp PPH cut chips or bits from something, scrape off 7100
*daqan₂ PPH old, ancient; formerly 11169
*dápat PPH to place in contact with one another, come in contact, space closely 8076
*denet PPH to touch, come in contact with 11150
*deŋdeŋ PPH to cook vegetables 11092
*deŋeR-en PPH to listen to 8262
*desdes₁ PPH push down, trample down, as vegetation 7327
*desdes₂ PPH to rub, rub together 7328
*ditaq₂ PPH snake venom; plant poison used on tips of arrows 8306
*dúdun PPh grasshopper, locust 2285
*duldúl PPH to force, achieve by force 8526
*d<um>apuR PPH (gloss uncertain) 8045
*d<um>ayuq PPH to distance oneself, move far off 11100
*d<um>uhá PPH (gloss uncertain) 7904
*dúyan PPH swinging cradle for an infant 9132
*enem-an PPh group of six 2371
*enép PPh keep to oneself 2382
*eŋes PPh sniffle, snore 2436
*eŋit PPH laugh; laughter 4974
*eŋus PPh sniffle, pant 2452
*epit₂ PPh fibrous material at base of coconut frond; bag or lining made from this 2391
*eták PPh bush knife, machete 2429
*gala PPH the almasiga tree: Agathis celebica (Koord.) 10978
*gamut PPH poison 9885
*gamut-en PPH to poison 9886
*garaw-en PPH to move or touch in an agitated or compulsive fashion 8579
*garáw PPH restlessness, wild or unruly movement 8578
*gawed PPH betel pepper 10979
*getget₂ PPH line, groove, mark made by cutting 8715
*giaw PPH shouting; to shout 8221
*gidgíd PPH rub something off 8222
*g<in>iliŋ PPH what is ground up, what is produced by twisting around or grinding 8231
*gimpis PPH crush between weights; press out 8238
*giwaŋ PPH gap, open space, breach 8243
*gunay PPH movement; to move 10963
*guyud₁ PPH banana sp. 11104
*guyud₂ PPH rice variety 11105
*guyúd-an PPH sled or board used for dragging materials (?) 11106
*guyúd-en PPH be pulled or dragged along 11107
*gúlis PPH line, scratch, furrow 8878
*hábas PPh tumor in the mouth of an animal 2759
*habel-an PPh loom for weaving cloth 2545
*hambúg PPh proud, boastful 2564
*hadawiq PPH far, distant 11102
*hajek-an PPh to kiss 4980
*haŋút PPh chew on, gnaw on 2635
*haŋut-en PPh to smell 2634
*hampak PPh slap, smack 2566
*hapáR-en PPH be chased, pursued 8155
*hapin-an PPH to line, as a shelf or box, provide a lining for 8881
*hapin-en PPh be lined by 2581
*haplít PPh to whip 2582
*haprus PPh rub, massage 2584
*hapRus PPh rub, massage 2583
*hapun-an PPH perch, roosting place for chickens 9507
*haq(e)muq PPH tame, docile, mild-mannered 11151
*hayep PPh animal 2608
*hápaR PPH chase, pursue 8154
*hápun PPh to roost, of chickens; time of roosting 2586
*hátuŋ PPH fuel for fire, anything used to start a fire 11120
*hebás PPh evaporate, dry up 2637
*hedam-en PPh be borrowed 5226
*hendek PPh moan, groan 2652
*helek PPh sleep 2643
*henaq PPh think, consider; thought, idea 2651
*hesek-án PPh field made by dibbling 2665
*hi-bilín PPh order, request 1163
*hi-bulbul PPh remove hair or feathers 1566
*hideRáq PPh lie down 2673
*higpít PPh pinch or squeeze between two surfaces 2675
*higpit-en PPh be pinched or squeezed by 2676
*hikñat PPh stretch 2678
*hiláw PPh raw, unripe 2685
*hilek PPH a sea fish, the rudderfish: Kyphosus cinerascens 10964
*hilít PPh outskirts, edge of settlement 2684
*hílut PPh massaging, setting of bones 2762
*hílut-en PPh to massage, set bones 2763
*himatún PPh notice, observe 2686
*hínam PPh crave, desire, intensely 2764
*hin-anak-an PPh brood, flock, lots of children 189
*híŋak PPh sound of rushing water or air 2771
*hípun₂ PPh small shrimp 2765
*hipuq PPh feel, touch 2700
*hírig PPh lean, incline 2766
*hírud PPh scrape or rub off 2767
*hiRét PPh tighten; constriction 2703
*hiRet-an PPh tighten 2704
*hitaq PPh upper leg 2709
*hium PPh close the lips, smile 2712
*híwaq PPh cut, carve, slice (meat or fish) 2768
*hiwáq-an PPh cut, carve, slice (meat or fish) 2769
*hiwáq-en PPh be cut, carved, sliced (meat or fish) 2770
*hubád PPh untie, unravel 2724
*hubád-en PPh be untied, be unravelled 2726
*hulhul₂ PPH to come loose, as a belt 7238
*h<um>amuq PPH to become tame or gentle 11153
*h<um>ebás PPh to subside, dry up 2639
*huñat PPh to stretch, straighten out 2755
*huyáp PPh count, enumerate 2752
*iba PPH another, other; different, distinct 9055
*iba₂ PPh bad, evil 2797
*i-balud PPH to bind, tie up (as a person) 11122
*i-bejbej PPh that with which one binds something 836
*ibun PPh bird sp. 2807
*i-da(ŋ)dáŋ PPH expose to the heat of a fire or the sun 6965
*i-deket PPH to stick, adhere 8089
*i-depa PPH extend the arms sideways 7750
*ígat PPh eel 6061
*iŋguk PPh deep throaty sound 3050
*ihap-en PPh be counted, be calculated 2824
*i-huluR PPh lower, drop 5400
*iit PPh scraped or filed down 2826
*ika-epat PPh fourth 5165
*ikamen PPh mat 2835
*ika-pija PPH which number is it? 8049
*ika-siám PPH ninth 11166
*i-kay(e)qat PPH to climb vertically (as ladder, tree) 11133
*i-lahúk PPH to mix two or more things 11417
*ilap₃ PPH slice, cut (as meat) 10980
*ilap-an PPH (gloss uncertain) 10982
*ilap-en PPH to cut, slice (as meat) 10983
*i-lákaj PPH (gloss uncertain) 7852
*íliw PPh homesick; long for something that is missed 6075
*imún PPh jealous, envious 2884
*ímut PPh stingy, selfish 6076
*in-apu PPh (gloss uncertain) 275
*in-inum PPh drank (past) 2917
*iñát-en PPh be stretched by 3039
*i-ŋatu PPH (gloss uncertain) 10972
*íŋel₂ PPh be angry, growl at 6105
*iŋqiiŋ PPh shrill sound 3058
*ipa- PPh verb prefix: third-party causative-command 2938
*ipa-bulud PPh lend 1594
*i-pada PPH to compare 10856
*i-paen PPH to use as bait 8566
*i-pagpág PPH to brush or shake off dust or dirt 10880
*ipa-hedám PPh lend something (?) 5221
*i-pa-kita PPH to show, display 8528
*ipa-qútaŋ PPh to lend, give a loan 4758
*ipi-duhá PPH second time (?) 7882
*ipil ipil PPh a leguminous shrub: Leucaena glauca 2940
*i-piliq PPH (gloss uncertain) 8113
*ípun₃ PPh rice variety 6083
*ipus PPh tail 2944
*i-qabut PPh to hand to 4111
*i-qañud PPh adrift 4413
*iriŋ₂ PPh similar; imitate 2961
*i-saksák PPH to insert, plug something in 9676
*i-salét PPH to insert between, intersperse 9494
*i-saqebít PPH to hang on a hook, suspend from something 9121
*i-seksek PPH to cram, stuff in 8907
*ísip PPh thinking, thoughts; opinion 6084
*isip-en PPh think (goal focus) 6085
*i-síŋit PPH to insert something 9070
*isul PPh retreat, move backwards 2993
*i-sumpaq PPH to curse someone 8691
*i-súbuq PPH to put food into the mouth 9296
*i-takéd PPH to bind, to fasten tightly by tying 10428
*i-tanem PPH to bury, to plant 7440
*i-taq(e)paw PPH put something on top of something else 10799
*i-tayáɁ PPH to place a bet 10399
*itíp PPh hard crust of rice that adheres to the bottom of the cooking pot 3016
*i-tulúd PPH to push 9646
*i-uliq PPh take something home 5772
*iut₂ PPH movement in coitus; sexual intercourse 9381
*iwas PPh avoid, evade (as people one does not wish to be with) 3023
*íwik PPh to squeal 6102
*íwit PPh rear part 6103
*ka-₃ PPH stative prefix marking high degree of some quality; extremely; superlative marker 9728
*ka-₄ PPH mate, partner, cohort 9729
*ka-apu-an PPh descendants 276
*ka-asu PPh canine companion 321
*ka-bakaw-an PPH mangrove swamp 6544
*kabaŋ PPH spotted, dappled 9747
*kabatíti PPH a vine with gourd or cucumber-like fruit, probably Luffa sp. 10233
*kabá PPH anxious, nervous 9745
*kab(e)liŋ PPH kind of aromatic herb: Pogostemon cablin 10234
*kabég PPH large fruit bat 9770
*ka-bihaR-an PPh (gloss uncertain) 1119
*kabíg-en PPH to turn around, as a boat 9772
*kabít PPH to lead, support (as a feeble person) 10135
*kabkáb PPH dig a hole, hollow something out 9782
*kablit PPH touch someone lightly, as to get attention 9773
*ka-bukij-an PPh area of forested mountains 1508
*ka-bulan-an PPh month of expected childbirth (?) 1540
*ka-bulud-an PPh mountainous area 1573
*kabuR PPH to be agitated, of water, as when fish swarm 9749
*kambuR₂ PPH disturbed, of water agitated by fish 9961
*kabuRaw PPH kind of wild lemon tree, possibly Citrus hystrix 9750
*ka-dakel-án PPH majority, largest part 7027
*kadaŋ-kádaŋ PPH stilts 9913
*ka-daRát-an PPh (gloss uncertain) 6631
*kadkad PPH dig a hole 9783
*ka-du-duhá PPH soul, spirit of a living person 7884
*kagkag PPH to dry something in the sun 9784
*kagud PPH scrape, grate 9888
*ka-hemay-an PPh rice field 5154
*ka-hili-an PPh fellow villager 2761
*kaiŋ PPH large openwork basket 10108
*ka-ísip PPh (gloss uncertain) 6086
*ka-ísip-an PPh thought, opinions 6087
*kaka-en PPH (gloss uncertain) 9744
*ka-lahúk PPH ingredient in a mixture 11418
*kalamansiq PPH citrus tree with fruit like a lemon 10186
*kalatkat PPH climb up, as a vine 9828
*kalába PPH honeycomb 9805
*kaldít PPH to make an incision to draw blood 9889
*kal(e)bit PPH touch lightly, nudge; pull trigger 10165
*kal(e)bit-en PPH touch lightly, nudge; pull trigger 10166
*kalít PPH to cheat, deceive 9891
*kaluban PPH sheath for bolo or knife 10188
*kalug PPH to shake something, as an egg or coconut 10189
*kamandag PPH venom of a poisonous snake or insect 9893
*kamaguŋ PPH large forest tree with edible brown, hairy fruits: Diospyros discolor 9806
*kamaŋa PPH kind of useful stone 10167
*kamantigi PPH a plant: Impatiens balsamina 9810
*kam(e)qáw PPH kind of urn for storing food 9808
*kamet PPH do with the hand 9809
*kamiá PPH ginger plant with fragrant white flower 9811
*kamkam-en PPH to appropriate to oneself illegally 9791
*kanap₂ PPH dark, obscure 9812
*kaniá PPH own, one’s own; self 9908
*kanúmay PPH kind of ebony or persimmon tree with fruits that are pounded and used to stupefy fish: Diospyros spp. 9922
*ka-paŋpaŋ-an PPh riverbank 3914
*kapaq-kapaq PPH to grope, fumble about 10139
*ka-pasuq-an PPH affected by heat (?) 11129
*kapet PPH hold onto, cling to 7585
*kapet-en PPH cling to 7586
*kampi PPH to defend 9864
*kapút PPH to touch or hold 10141
*ka-qalejaw-an PPh (gloss uncertain) 4159
*kaqiŋ PPH kind of large openwork basket 9825
*kaRadkad PPH sound of grinding or grating 9867
*kaRaskas PPH rustling sound 9818
*kaRat-en PPH to be bitten 7715
*kaRiskis PPH scrape, scratch 10110
*kaRitkit PPH sound of grating, rain pounding, etc. 9830
*kaRuskus PPH dull rustling sound 10246
*ka-sabáy PPh companion in some activity 8919
*kasay PPH weakness, as from hunger 9868
*ka-siam-an PPH (gloss uncertain) 11167
*kasíli PPH kind of water bird, the Oriental darter: Anhinga melanogaster 9819
*kaskas₂ PPH swift, fast, speedy 9795
*kaskas-án PPH (gloss uncertain) 9796
*kata PPH sound of rapid talking 9820
*ka-talun-an PPH (gloss uncertain) 10739
*katana PPH the castor bean plant: Ricinus communis L. 11073
*kataŋ PPH crab sp. 10247
*kataŋ-kataŋ PPH bob on the surface of the water; float 10248
*ka-tuaŋ PPH (gloss uncertain) 10777
*katuday PPH a plant: Sesbania grandiflora 10007
*katúk PPH knock on the head; crazy, insane 10251
*kawkaw₂ PPH dig a hole, as by scratching 9800
*kay(e)qat PPH to climb vertically (as ladder, tree) 5648
*kaykáy PPH scratch up, sweep or rake up 9801
*kábag PPH gas pains 10107
*kábig PPH to turn around, as a boat 9771
*kápaw PPH come to the surface 9813
*kápuy PPH weakness, debility; feeble, unable to perform 9816
*káti PPH domestic fowl used as a decoy or lure to capture wild fowl 10170
*kátiq PPH domestic fowl used as a decoy or lure to capture wild fowl 10168
*káyas PPH whittle, shave wood with knife 9824
*kebá PPH for the chest to tighten in excitement or fear; for the heart to pound 10048
*kebil PPH to touch 10112
*kedked PPH to bind, tie tightly, probably of tying one thing which is moveable to another which is fixed 10049
*kelaqat PPH sudden, abrupt, unexpected 11154
*keleb PPH to shut, close 8518
*kelkel PPH to cuddle, cradle, as a baby 9897
*keluŋ₂ PPH ^shield 10052
*kepal PPH thick (of objects) 9976
*kepkép₂ PPH for the hair to lie down flat 10115
*keRaw PPH to dry up 10057
*ketel-én PPH be pinched off 10118
*ketél PPH to pinch off 10117
*kibkíb PPH nibble or gnaw at 10119
*kibul PPH short-tailed; cropped, of the tail 10120
*kidas PPH moving about rapidly or restlessly 10121
*kilaw₁ PPH eat raw meat 9834
*kilaw-en PPH to eat raw fish or meat 9835
*kili-kíli PPH armpit 10082
*kililíŋ PPH ringing of a bell 9902
*kilíŋ PPH ringing of a bell 9901
*kilít PPH to carry at the side or on the hip, pressed under the arm 9903
*kimat PPH flash, sparkle, twinkle 7281
*kimit PPH blink, wink, close the eye briefly 10122
*kisaw PPH sound of swishing, as of hand passing through water 10124
*kisay PPH tear a leaf or cloth into strips 9874
*kis(e)láp PPH sparkle, glitter 10125
*kiskis-an PPH to cut the hair short 10065
*kitáŋ PPH long fishing line with many hooks; to fish with such a line 10126
*kiwal PPH sinuous, winding 10149
*kiwkiw₂ PPH to stir, mix in 11155
*kiwkiw-en PPH to stir, mix in 11156
*k<om>ay(e)qat PPH to climb vertically (as ladder, tree) 11135
*kubalan PPH a marine fish sp. 10965
*kub(e)li PPH take cover, hide behind 10128
*kubet-kubet PPH wrinkled, of the skin, as from age 10150
*kubkub₁ PPH to surround, lay siege to 9133
*kubkub₃ PPH to dig 10216
*kubkub-en PPH be surrounded, hedged in, besieged 9135
*kublas PPH slip down, subside 9871
*kubuŋ₂ PPH protective covering or enclosure; mosquito net 9839
*kubuq PPH hunchbacked, stoop-shouldered 9938
*kubut₂ PPH keep a mistress (?) 9882
*kudkud-én PPH to scratch, scrape off 9842
*kulaŋut PPH dried nasal mucus 10129
*kulap PPH dim, not well-lit 10218
*kulasísi PPH small parrot or parakeet kept as a pet 10130
*kulili PPH fire saw; tie a tool around the hand or some other fixture 10131
*kuliliŋ₂ PPH to ring, of a small bell 8698
*kulut-én PPH to curl, make curly 9844
*k<um>ampi PPH to join, unite with in taking sides 9865
*k<um>epkep PPH to hold tightly in the arms 9833
*k<um>ezut PPH to pinch 9981
*k<um>ubkub PPH to surround, hedge in, besiege 9134
*kumut PPH to wrap in a blanket to keep warm 9875
*kunuq PPH it is said, people say..... 9879
*kupas PPH to fade 9883
*kumpay PPH kind of grass 10063
*kupkup₂ PPH to wrap, encircle, as with the arms or wings 9884
*kupkup₄ PPH close-cropped, of hair; bald 10220
*kuretret PPH to wrinkle, be wrinkled, as the skin 9846
*kurit PPH line, mark 10160
*kuskus-an₂ PPh to scrape or scrub out, remove by scraping 10041
*kutay PPH kind of citrus fruit, Philippine orange 10093
*kutím PPH to nibble at, peel with the teeth 10043
*kuykúy₁ PPH chigger or similar insect 9911
*kuykúy₂ PPH scrape something off a surface so as to uncover it 9912
*kuyug PPH to lead in walking; to accompany 8699
*kúñat PPH tough, rubbery, elastic 10038
*kúpaŋ PPH a tall tree: Parkia spp. 10265
*kúpit PPH pilfering, filching, stealing small amounts 10019
*kútib PPH move the lips rapidly, as in gnawing or nibbling on something 10042
*labas PPH pass by, overlook something when searching; to pass by (of time) 11136
*labas-an PPH to pass by, overlook 11139
*labnaw PPH thin, of liquids such as soup; to dilute 11401
*labnuR PPH a tree: Ficus sp. 10966
*lahuk-án PPH to mix something with something else 11420
*lakaj-en PPH to walk a certain distance (?) 7856
*lakatan PPH banana sp. 7858
*lakáj-an PPH to step on, walk on something (?) 7855
*lak(e)táw PPH jump over or across 10984
*lakub PPH enclosure; to enclose 7871
*lamuq PPH to salt meat or fish for storing 11408
*lanut PPH kind of tree with bark that yields a vine-like fiber 11158
*layab PPH flutter, flicker 11426
*layun PPH to continue, persist in something 11427
*lábag PPH bundle of thread or plant fibers 11400
*lebék PPh to pound (rice, etc.) in a mortar 3403
*lebeŋ₂ PPH pond, pool; lagoon 11170
*ledem PPH shaded, shadowy 11171
*leŋkeb PPH lie prone, face-down 10636
*lesles PPH lift up the clothes, roll up the pant legs (as when crossing shallow water) 8730
*likáw-en PPH to coil 7533
*likáw-likáw PPH (gloss uncertain) 7534
*lik(e)taw PPH jump over or across 10987
*linak PPH calm, still, quiet 11159
*l<in>ága PPH woven; was woven by someone 9441
*linis-en PPH to clean 10989
*l<in>ugaw PPH rice porridge 11446
*lipat PPH to forget 9396
*lislís PPH to roll up sleeves or pant legs 10162
*línis PPH clean 10988
*luás PPH take a trip; commence a voyage 10967
*lubaŋ₂ PPH to plant root crops, plant cuttings 7315
*lubid-en PPH twist fibers into twine 11142
*lugaw-en PPH to make into gruel, rice porridge 11447
*luges PPH to force upon, oppress 11448
*luheq-an PPH cry about something 7672
*lukbán PPH a citrus fruit, the pomelo 11449
*luksúh PPH to jump, leap across 11450
*luktun PPH young wingless locust 11451
*l<um>ahúk PPH to mix in, mix together 11419
*l<um>aja PPH to plait, weave by hand, of baskets or mats 9442
*l<um>ábas PPH to pass by 11138
*l<um>ákaj PPH to step, to walk 7854
*l<um>uas PPH to leave on a trip, start a voyage 10968
*l<um>uheq PPH to shed tears, weep 7671
*lumúy PPH soft, smooth 11453
*lunag PPH to melt, as lard 11160
*lunek₂ PPH solid residue left after squeezing to remove coconut oil, etc. 11428
*lunlun PPH to sweep aside, clean by throwing aside 11429
*lunlun-en PPH to sweep aside, clean by throwing aside 11430
*lunuy PPH wade through waist-deep water 11433
*luŋáluŋ PPH shelter, temporary hut 11434
*luŋbúy PPH kind of tree with small black edible fruit: Eugenia spp. 11435
*lupaypáy PPH droopy, languid 11455
*lupíŋ PPH droopy-eared (as dogs) 11456
*luqnit PPH healed, of a wound with shiny skin 11436
*luqúb PPH inside area, estuary 11437
*lusiq PPH prepuce, foreskin; pull back the prepuce 11438
*lusiq-en PPH to pull back the foreskin 11439
*luslús PPH hernia; to slip down, slip off, pull back the foreskin of the penis 10990
*lusút PPH to slip through, pass through 11440
*lutaq PPH mud, ground, earth 11442
*luylúy PPH flabby 11443
*lúbid PPH string, rope, cordage made by twining fibers 11141
*lúgaw PPH rice porridge 11445
*lúmaq PPH old, worn out 11452
*lúnud PPH to sink 11431
*lútab PPH foam, spume, froth 11441
*ma-adayuq PPH far, far away, far off, distant 11099
*ma-anay PPh termite-infested 236
*ma-ba-bahi PPh to court girls; to womanize 6938
*ma-baŋlu PPH fragrant, sweet-smelling 10812
*ma-baRat PPH to be met (?) 8968
*ma-bihaR PPh live, be alive; be captive 1120
*ma-bilaŋ PPh reckon, calculate, count 1154
*ma-bílin PPh separated, left behind 1164
*ma-buál PPh uprooted, of a tree 1907
*ma-bukbuk PPh infested with wood-boring insects 1495
*ma-buku PPh knotty, full of knots or nodes 1518
*ma-bulbul PPh hairy 1567
*ma-buqeni PPh have ringworm 1728
*ma-buntís PPh pregnant 1730
*ma-dakél PPH many 7026
*ma-deket PPH (gloss uncertain) 8090
*mag-námit PPH to taste, savor something 6884
*ma-hamuq PPH tame, docile 11152
*ma-haŋin PPh windy 2618
*ma-hedám PPh (gloss uncertain) 5222
*ma-ísip PPh wise, thoughtful 6088
*ma-intek PPh small 3007
*maka-alap PPh able to fetch, get, take, reach 100
*maka-buta PPh become blind 1391
*maka-deŋeR PPH to be able to hear 8252
*maka-esa PPh once 2409
*ma-kahiw PPH (gloss uncertain) 7798
*maka-kaen PPh edible, able to be eaten; able to eat 8011
*maka-Rusuk PPH (gloss uncertain) 8477
*maka-tawa PPh to laugh 2030
*maka-tuduR PPH able to sleep 8363
*maka-uliq₂ PPh able to return 5773
*ma-kápuy PPH weak, feeble, unable to perform 9817
*maki-deŋeR PPH (gloss uncertain) 8253
*maki-kaen PPH to eat together, join others in eating 8012
*ma-lemes PPH to be drowned 11394
*ma-lúnud PPH to sink, submerge, capsize 11432
*ma-masiŋ PPH to catch by the legs 11090
*ma-nákem PPH (gloss uncertain) 10970
*man-depa PPH to measure in fathoms 7751
*ma-nebaR PPH to answer, as in answering a question 9073
*manuk-en PPh (?) 6955
*ma-nuRaŋ PPH affinal relative, probably son-in-law and daughter-in-law 10421
*ma-ñamsám PPH to seize, take by force 9361
*ma-ñiluʔ PPH scoop up with a net; catch with snare 8928
*maŋa-apu PPh ancestors 277
*ma-ŋayat PPH (gloss uncertain) 11134
*maŋ-bihaR PPh make alive, give life to 1121
*maŋ-bítay PPh to hang someone 1927
*maŋ-bujas PPh to pluck, as fruit 1464
*maŋ-bunut PPh remove coconut husk; scrub with coconut husk 1703
*maŋ-hedam PPh borrow 5223
*maŋ-ilap PPH to cut or slice meat 10981
*maŋ-qidus PPh to spoon or ladle up 4531
*maŋ-quay PPh gather rattan 4616
*maŋ-qunej PPh pack in tightly (?) 4715
*ma-parek PPH murky, full of sediment 11126
*mapa-salaq PPH (gloss uncertain) 8196
*mapa-susu PPH breastfeed, give the breast to a young child 7628
*ma-pásuq PPH be scorched, scalded 11128
*ma-pudpud PPH worn out, worn down, as by overuse 10918
*ma-púyat PPH sleepy 11033
*ma-qabut PPh within reach (?) 4112
*ma-qinit PPh hot, warm 4558
*ma-qujiŋ PPh sooty-colored 4648
*ma-qunej PPh pithy; central 4714
*ma-quzan-an PPH get drenched by the rain 4784
*maruŋgay PPH the horseradish tree: Moringa oleifera 10163
*ma-Rabi-an PPH be overcome by darkness, be benighted 7377
*maR-asúd PPh pound rice in tandem 327
*maR-baseq PPH to wash, as clothes 6448
*maR-besuR PPh satiated, full from eating 1018
*maR-bilín PPh to order; leave a message 1165
*maR-búlig PPh help someone carry a load 1579
*maR-búlus PPh to flow 1605
*maR-buRaw PPh drive off, chase away, expel 1743
*maR-daŋdaŋ PPH expose to fire 6967
*maR-depa PPH extend both arms sideways 7752
*maR-habel PPh to weave, be weaving 2544
*maR-hebás PPh to evaporate, cause to dry up 2638
*maR-hideRáq PPh to lie down 2674
*maR-hubád PPh untie, unravel 2725
*maR-huluR PPh to lower 5403
*maR-huRas PPh wash, cleanse 5438
*maR-kaen PPH to eat 8014
*maR-lákaj PPH to step, to walk 7853
*maR-qapuR PPh prepare betel chew with lime 4269
*maR-qeti PPh to lower, of water level 4493
*maR-síkad PPH to kick 8952
*maR-uliq PPh return; go back 5775
*ma-salugsug-án PPH get a splinter in the skin 9036
*ma-siwáŋ PPh opened, having a gap or opening 9042
*mata-an PPH big-eyed 8608
*mata-en PPH observe closely or critically 8609
*ma-tagtág PPH to be shaken (as from having a rough ride in transport) 10744
*mataqan PPH kind of marine fish with large eyes 11157
*ma-tau PPh crowded with people 2020
*ma-tenek PPH thorny, prickly 10774
*ma-tuqelaŋ PPH bony 7836
*ma-uñat PPh stretched, straightened 5900
*na-penuq PPH filled 6990
*na-pílay PPH was lame 10864
*na-sakit PPH was hurt or sick 8345
*nákem PPH will; intellect; reasoning, intention, mental presence, mind 10969
*ñamuk-en PPH be caught in a mosquito swarm, be overwhelmed by mosquitos 7310
*ŋani PPH indeed; interjection expressing validity to an interlocutor 8553
*ŋaniq PPH even 8554
*ŋatu PPH above, on top 10971
*ŋina PPH price, worth, cost 10973
*ŋutŋut PPH to gnaw 10974
*ŋutŋut-en PPH to chew or gnaw on something 10975
*pa-bahaw-en PPH to let food or hot water cool off 7069
*pa-betuʔ PPh make an exploding sound 1045
*pa-bulud PPh lend 1595
*padpád PPH be cast adrift, cast ashore after going adrift 10868
*panduŋ PPH head covering 11271
*paen-an PPH to bait a trap, set the bait for 8567
*pagas PPH hoarse, husky (of the voice) 11215
*pagpág PPH brush or shake off dust or dirt 10879
*pagquŋ PPh land turtle, fresh-water turtle 3741
*pa-hedam-en PPh be lent to 5225
*pakáw PPH bow-legged 11039
*pala pala₂ PPh temporary shed 3750
*pa-labas-en PPH to let something pass by 11137
*p<al>akpak PPH clap 7527
*p<al>ikpik PPh fin of a fish 3970
*palis₃ PPh animal sacrifice 3778
*palit PPh exchange 3779
*palpál₁ PPH hit, beat with hand or club in order to kill 10882
*palpál₂ PPH tethering stake; drive a stake into the ground 10883
*paluŋ₂ PPH wave at sea, sea swell 11023
*palú PPH kind of fish or eel 11270
*pa-matá PPH (gloss uncertain) 8604
*pa-nípit PPH tongs, pincers 9219
*panuqes PPh spoiled; sour smell 3819
*panuqus PPh stench, sour smell 3820
*paŋah PPH jaw, jawbone 11056
*paŋ-añud PPh (gloss uncertain) 4417
*paŋ-apu PPh descendants (?) 279
*paŋ-asu PPh what is hunted (?) 323
*paŋánay PPH first-born child, eldest child 11361
*pa-ŋátiq PPH domestic chicken used as a decoy to attract a wild fowl into a trap 10169
*paŋ-búŋa PPh produce fruit; produce results 1877
*paŋ-qanup PPh hunting dog 4254
*paŋ-qasawa PPh (gloss uncertain) 4298
*paŋ-qasin-an PPh place where salt is found; salt beds 4313
*paŋ-quay PPh rattan gatherer 4617
*papag PPH bamboo platform, shelf 11362
*pampám PPH prostitute 10900
*pa-pudpud-en PPH to wear something down (?) 10919
*paqit-an PPh a plant: Lunasia amara 6876
*paqliŋ PPh visible defect of the eyes 3828
*paqus₁ PPH hoarse, husky, of the voice 11216
*parásan PPH rattan sp. 11192
*parek PPH murky, as water or other liquid 11125
*paRbu PPh one of the four principal rafters 3849
*paRhid PPh wipe off 3852
*paR-lima-en PPh divide into five 7402
*paR-piliq PPH (gloss uncertain) 8122
*p<aR>ukpuk PPH sound of knocking or bubbling 8648
*p<aR>utput PPh gaseous defecation 10958
*pa-siduŋ-en PPH to give shelter to 8989
*pa-sikat PPH to show off 8955
*paspas-an₁ PPH (gloss uncertain) 10871
*paspas-an₂ PPH to speed up, increase the pace of something 10875
*paspás₄ PPH do something quickly, in a hurry 10874
*pasúq-en PPH to roast; singe, cauterize 11130
*pataniq PPH lima bean: Phaseolus lunatus 10885
*patáw PPH buoy 10886
*pati₂ PPH also, including 11365
*patiukan PPH kind of honey bee 11366
*patpát-en PPH to cut, slash, as in clearing land 10903
*pa-tubuq PPh let something grow, make something grow 2110
*pantug PPH urinary bladder 11274
*pantuk PPH peak, summit 11275
*pawikan PPH sea turtle 7081
*payapay PPH to wave, flap 7142
*paypáy PPH to wave the hand, as in beckoning someone or in fanning oneself 7141
*páluŋ PPH cockscomb; cut off a cock’s comb 11022
*pásuq PPH to roast, broil; scald, sear, burn 11127
*pekel PPH squeeze, press together 10937
*perper₁ PPH complete an activity, see through to completion 10907
*piaŋa PPH a tree: Ganua obovatifolia.(Merr.), Sapotaceae 11024
*pidek₂ PPH eyelash 11397
*pidut PPH to pinch, hold between the fingers 11025
*piet PPH narrow, tight 11228
*piki PPH kind of cloth 11058
*piŋkíq PPH strike two hard objects together to produce a spark 11304
*pikuq₂ PPH kind of children’s game 10950
*pikut₂ PPH forced marriage; to force into marriage 11060
*piláy-en PPH to cripple, disable someone 10865
*pilit-en PPH force someone to do something 7556
*pinsan PPH first cousin 11174
*p<in>usej PPH kind of weaving pattern for basketry 7939
*piqaŋ PPH crippled, lame 11042
*piqpiq PPH wash clothes by pounding on river rocks 10911
*piRaq₁ PPH squeeze out juice, wring out water 7517
*pisak₂ PPH muddy 11011
*pisel-en PPH to squeeze or press with the hand 11013
*pis(e)ŋí PPH cheeks 8880
*pintas PPH curse, hex; to bewitch; to criticize, find fault with 11040
*pitek PPh mud 3994
*píla PPH clay 11162
*pílit PPH to insist; to force, compel someone to do something 7555
*pudaw PPH whitish, grayish 10998
*pudpud PPH worn out by overuse; broken; blunt 8641
*pugad PPH nest, as of a bird 11255
*pugad-an PPH nest, nesting place 11256
*pugerut PPH destitute, without means of support 8645
*pugiq PPH to start the weaving of cloth 8642
*pugut-an PPH to behead, decapitate 8644
*pulaw PPH stay awake all night, as in a vigil for the dead 11143
*pulád PPH feather vane on an arrow 8651
*puli PPH replacement 8653
*pulih-an PPH to replace someone, fill a vacancy 8654
*pulin PPH to roll down or over something 8655
*pulí PPH inherited characteristic; bloodline 11240
*punit PPH a tear, small hole, or rip 11043
*puŋan PPH to rest the head against something; pillow 11001
*pusequŋ PPH hypogastrium, abdomen below the navel 8666
*pusiŋ PPH to wean a baby from breast-feeding 11002
*pusít PPH squid 11065
*put(e)haw PPH kind of axe 11003
*putik₃ PPH mud 11258
*puyat-en PPH to keep someone awake, not let them sleep 11034
*puyud PPH wear the hair in a bun or topknot 11035
*púyat PPH insomnia, sleeplessness 11032
*qambiday PPh carry slung over the shoulder 4195
*qambijay PPh carry slung over the shoulder 4196
*qabut PPh reach, overtake, catch up with 4110
*qabut-en PPh be reached 4113
*qadipen PPh slave 4146
*qalejaw-an PPh place in the sun 4161
*qali-pugpug PPH whirlwind 11163
*qamihan-an PPh north; rainy season 4201
*qanih-en PPh to harvest, reap 4229
*qaninaw PPh shadow, indistinct image 4221
*qanitu-an PPh (gloss uncertain) 4209
*qañud-en PPh adrift 4419
*qaŋesu PPh stench of urine 4404
*qaŋetej PPh stench, as of burning hair 4405
*qaRaw-en PPh be snatched away, taken away by force 4278
*qaRutay PPH a plant in the banana family, probably Musa textilis 10064
*qasawa-en PPh be married, person married 4301
*qatipulu PPH breadfruit: Artocarpus spp. 11146
*qelad₁ PPh sheet; flat, wide object 4433
*qemel PPh squeeze into a ball 4445
*qeŋqeŋ PPh whining sound 4515
*qepés PPh deflated, shrunken 4473
*qepis PPH netlike appendages at the base of a coconut frond 11119
*qiluh-án PPh anus (?) 4549
*qimún PPh sexual jealousy, suspicion 4551
*qinit-en PPh be heated or warmed by 4559
*quhay PPh rice panicle 4644
*quhut PPh sheaf to which rice grains are attached 4645
*qujiŋ-en PPh anything used to make charcoal 4649
*qunej-en PPh pithy; central 4716
*quRis PPh white 4735
*quyag PPh living, alive 4778
*rawaŋ PPH submarine cave (?) 10976
*Rabat PPH driftwood; flotsam 11108
*Rabi-en PPH taking place at night 7381
*Rakéd PPH to hitch, tie two things together 11164
*R<in>abiqi PPH every night, happening every night 7378
*R<um>abiqi PPH become night, turn into night 7379
*Rutay PPH fiber of the banana plant: Musa textilis 11109
*sa₄ PPH that --- indicating something close to the hearer 9685
*sabaŋ₂ PPH a tree: Erythrina spp. 9647
*sabat-en PPH to meet or greet someone who is arriving, or who one encounters by surprise 9188
*sabáliq PPH except, other than; another, different 9186
*sab(e)láy PPH to hang, drape over something 9272
*sab(e)lek PPH to crave, as food one wants to eat 9307
*sabsab-én PPH be gobbled up, eaten voraciously 9103
*sabuag PPH to scatter wildly 9273
*sabuŋ₂ PPH flower, blossom of fruit tree 11095
*sambut₁ PPH take advantage of a situation or opportunity, exploit an advantage 9126
*sad(e)qaŋ PPH to hang, as something on a nail 9686
*sadsad PPH trample, stomp on 9611
*sagapsap PPH fibrous and dry to the taste 9714
*sag(e)qid PPH pass close by, brush against in passing 9715
*sagisí PPH wild palm tree with fruit similar to areca nut: Heterospathe elata 8970
*sagitsit PPH to hiss, sizzle 9687
*sagsag-en PPH break up into small pieces 9411
*sagút PPH to answer (a call, a question); to assume responsibility for, be answerable for 9056
*sahuq PPH words, speech (?) 9274
*sahuR PPH to mix; a mixture 9612
*saiŋ PPH stand or be placed near to someone or something 9319
*sajab PPH to singe, burn slightly 9548
*sakáqaŋ PPH walk or stand with legs wide apart 9058
*sakeb PPH to lie face down, prone 8971
*sakedu-en PPH to fetch water (for drinking) 9016
*sakedú PPH to fetch water (for drinking) 9015
*sak(e)lut-en PPH hold tightly, clutch to oneself 8973
*sak(e)lút PPH hold tightly, clutch to oneself 8972
*sak(e)mál PPH snatch with the mouth, as a dog seizing something in its mouth and running away with it 9578
*sak(e)níb PPH overlapping, one on top of another 9191
*sakém PPH to grasp, reach for; grasping, greedy 8974
*sakmal-én PPH be snatched, be seized suddenly 9579
*saksak₃ PPH stuff, pack tightly 9675
*sakup₂ PPH jurisdiction, territory 9534
*sakúb PPH lid, cover 9308
*salakeb PPH cover trap for fish or crustaceans 8976
*s<al>áysay PPH (gloss uncertain) 9200
*saletán PPH to insert between, intersperse 9495
*salét PPH to insert between, intersperse 9493
*salét-salét PPH alternate, interspersed 9496
*saliŋsíŋ PPH to prune a tree; new growth from pruning 9275
*salsal-en PPH to masturbate 7253
*salsál PPH to masturbate 7252
*salugsúg PPH get a splinter or sliver under the skin or nail 9035
*saluksuk₁ PPH tool like chisel or trowel 9688
*saluksuk₂ PPH insert, slip between 9696
*salup-en PPH to measure by gantas 8981
*saluyut PPH a shrub, the Jew’s mallow: Corchorus spp., fam. Malvaceae 9651
*salúp PPH small basket; a unit of measure for dry goods 8980
*samsám PPH to seize, take by force, snatch from another’s hands; pillage 9193
*sanipa PPH borderline, edge, as of roof or garment 9194
*saŋa-anak PPh litter, brood 205
*saŋ(e)qát PPH to put something in a high place or reach a high place by climbing 9717
*saŋi PPH molar tooth (?) 11131
*saŋsáŋ PPH to confront one another, as in a dispute 9697
*sapal PPH able to cope, able to handle things 9718
*sapaq-en PPH to spit out chewed betel quid 9483
*sapat₁ PPH to put above 9277
*sapat₂ PPH sufficient, enough 9457
*sampaw PPH waterfall 9628
*sapád-an PPH (gloss uncertain) 9252
*sapád-en PPH to detach a hand, or bunch of bananas from the stalk 9253
*sap(e)nut PPH viscous; thick, of liquids 9580
*sapín PPH lining, insulation, padding; underlayer, as of clothing 9059
*sapsap₂ PPH fish sp., slipmouth: Leiognathus sp. 9207
*sapul PPH to begin, start at the beginning 9453
*sapupu PPH hold in the lap, as a small child 9454
*sapuq PPH allotment of meat after butchering an animal 9278
*saqebit-án PPh to hook, as with a fishhook 9123
*saq(e)gid PPH touch or brush against 9189
*saq(e)ŋit PPH snag, be snagged, caught in something that prevents it from falling 9719
*sarebséb PPH marshy ground 9066
*sarijsij PPH approach or strike from the side or at an oblique angle 8982
*saru PPH facing, face-to-face 9654
*saRap PPH scoop up, skim from the surface 9613
*saR(e)ked PPH to block passage, oppose movement; come to a temporary stop 11096
*saR(e)qeb PPH to fetch water 9017
*santán PPH a flowering plant: Ixora spp. 9369
*santik PPH click or clink together, as stones in making fire 9689
*santik-an PPH (gloss uncertain) 9690
*sauŋ PPH canine tooth; tusk, as of wild boar 11132
*saway PPH in excess, overabundant; surplus 8935
*saw(e)qa PPH uncomfortable feeling; feel bored, or uneasy about something 9313
*sawsáw PPH to dip in liquid 8936
*sayáŋ-en PPH to waste an opportunity 9368
*sáka PPH leg of a fowl (?) 9190
*sápad PPH hand of bananas 9250
*sáRep PPH catch fish by damming a stream 8983
*sáysay PPH to narrate, as in telling a story 9199
*sebaŋ PPH to rise, of the sun, moon or stars 9630
*sebseb PPH to fall forward 9314
*sedaq PPH fish; accompaniment to rice 9583
*sedsed₂ PPH crowded, compact 9282
*sedsed₃ PPH feel with the feet, as in finding clams under the sand 9721
*seki PPH foot, leg 11110
*selaŋ₂ PPH jaw, jawbone (?) 9584
*sená PPH just, merely, only, usual 9581
*sensén PPH press together, make compact, as the threads or leaves in weaving 9285
*seŋaw-án PPH (gloss uncertain) 9039
*seŋet-seŋet PPH throb with pain or exhaustion 9316
*sepal PPH to chew (of animals?) 9498
*sepet PPH inner pulp or young leaves 9286
*seReb PPH to burn, singe 9320
*siám PPH nine 11165
*sibay PPH extension to a house (?) 9287
*sibáq PPH gluttony, uncontrolled appetite 9698
*sibít PPH hook, thorn 9288
*sibukaw PPH the sappan tree: Caesalpinia sappan L. 9615
*sidáq PPh protein side-dish eaten with rice (typically fish) 5245
*siŋgít PPH to shine, of the sun 9068
*sigpít PPH clip on 8937
*sigúk PPH choke, sob 8992
*sikad PPH push with the feet; press feet against, set feet firmly to prevent being moved 8951
*sikap₁ PPH cunning; spy on, examine 9551
*sikád-an PPH press feet against 8953
*sikát PPH sunrise, rising sun; to show off, be ostentatious, parade one’s talents, possessions, etc. 8954
*sikí PPH foot, leg 8591
*siŋkít PPH slanted, of the eyes 8925
*silaR PPH a palm: Corypha spp. 8957
*sili-sili PPH a plant, Solanum spp. 9565
*siluŋ PPH shelter, space under something 9289
*siluŋ-an PPH (gloss uncertain) 8990
*siluq PPH noose, snare; net 8927
*siluʔ-en PPH to catch with a net, scoop up 8929
*simaq PPH barb of a hook 8939
*simaq-an PPH barbed, having a barb 8940
*simsím PPH nibble at 8930
*simut PPH take all that remains 9290
*s<in>ipit PPH (gloss uncertain) 9220
*si-nu PPh person whose name is unknown, avoided or cannot be remembered: who? 3704
*siŋal PPH a wedge 8959
*sipag PPH industrious, diligent 9693
*sip(e)qun PPH a cold; nasal mucus, runny nose 9617
*sipíq PPH break off a component piece of something, as twigs or branches from a tree, a banana from a bunch, a section from a fruit, etc. 9292
*sipít-en PPh to pick up with tongs or pincers 9222
*sipsíp PPH to cut grass or weeds, as in preparing a field for planting 9293
*siq(e)láb PPH to burn, expose to fire 9372
*siq(e)rip PPH to peep, spy on 8994
*siq(e)rip-en PPH to peep, spy on 8995
*siqid PPH trap for mudfish 8941
*sirap PPH glance, look at quickly 8996
*siraq₂ PPH non-staple food eaten with rice 9585
*siR(e)pit PPH clip used to fasten things together 9128
*sintík PPH knock two things together with a clicking sound 8960
*síŋit PPH forking, bifurcation 9069
*sípiŋ PPH next to, in close proximity 9291
*suay PPH to quarrel, part company 9559
*subu PPH to boil, of water 9139
*subuk₂ PPH to test, try, examine 9300
*subuq-an PPH (gloss uncertain) 9298
*sudsud₂ PPH tool for cutting with a forward digging motion 9140
*sudsud₃ PPH go against the current, oppose, go in the opposite direction 9680
*sudsud-en PPH to oppose, go against 9681
*sugsúg PPH to provoke, annoy or irritate 9326
*sugud PPH rush forward, charge 9330
*suháq PPH a fruit tree, the pomelo: Citrus decumana 9568
*suil PPH lever (?) 9682
*suka₂ PPH to vomit 9618
*sukay-án PPH be deloused 9019
*sukáy PPH to search for lice, as by parting the hair 9018
*suk(e)luban PPH kind of basket with cover 9303
*sulid PPH string, twine, thread 8283
*sulit₂ PPH substitute, replacement 9046
*sulu₂ PPH fingernail, toenail, claw 9639
*s<um>aRap PPH to scoop up, skim from the surface 9614
*s<um>áwaʔ PPH to cloy, satiate, do something to excess and so lose interest 9062
*s<um>eŋaw PPH to evaporate 9038
*s<um>ugud PPH to rush forward 9331
*s<um>unúd PPH to obey 9044
*s<um>úbuq PPH put something (as food) in the mouth 9297
*sunsun PPH close together, compact 9724
*sunúd PPH next; to follow in succession 9043
*sunúd-sunúd PPH one after the other, successive 9045
*sunúg-en PPH to burn or set a fire under to smoke out 9048
*suŋay PPH horn of an animal; to butt or gore 9619
*suŋet PPH irritated, angry 9460
*suŋit₂ PPH bite, bitten off, of food 9589
*su(ŋ)kit-en PPH to pick, as fruit from a tree using a pole with a hook 9131
*suŋsuŋ₃ PPH sniff at close quarters, of animals 8302
*suŋu₂ PPH upper lip, snout, muzzle 9642
*suq(e)kip PPH insert, tuck in 9726
*suq(e)lut PPH to wear, as clothes; to get dressed, slip into 9699
*suquk PPH enter 9163
*surut PPH follow, obey, agree with 9409
*suRud PPH to push 9643
*suntúk PPH to punch 9339
*suysuy PPH speak, say something, tell 9644
*súbaq PPH to go upstream, ascend a river 9294
*súbuq PPH put something into or through an opening 9295
*súlsul PPH ignite; kindle; set fire to 9375
*súput PPH pouch (?) 9333
*tambaŋ-an PPH to lie in wait for an enemy or wild game 10788
*tabayaR PPH kind of edible squash or gourd: Lagenaria leucantha 10312
*tabák PPH sword or sword-like appendage 10275
*tambáŋ PPH ambush, surprise attack 10787
*tabtab-an PPH to cut, to slash 10294
*tabug PPH drive game before one 10314
*tabun₁ PPH kind of bird that buries its eggs deep in the sand 10295
*tabuR₂ PPH to drive away, shoo off 10742
*tambúg PPH splash in the water 10751
*tabún-an PPh to cover with earth, dam up 10297
*tadtad-án PPH chopping block, cutting board 9022
*tadtad-én PPH be chopped up or minced 9023
*taduŋ PPH sun hat, used to provide shade 10389
*taga- PPH prefix indicating place of origin (for ethnic groups) 9397
*tagaltáw PPH buoy, float 10321
*t<ag>aytay PPH narrow bridge 10556
*tagbák PPH rotten, turned rancid or mildewed 10424
*tagbúq PPH meet, encounter, happen upon 10585
*tagiktik PPH sound of ticking, rain drops falling 10641
*tagkes PPH wrap around tightly 10741
*tagpás PPH cut, chop 3350
*tagtag PPH to be jolted or knocked around on a rough ride 10743
*tagtág PPH to distribute, pass out shares of food 10423
*tahúl PPH to howl, of a dog 10395
*tajip-an PPH to peel, pare 10714
*taka PPH hesitate, not able to act 10461
*takad PPH step on; leave footprint 10425
*taŋkal PPH coop, as for chickens; pen, as for pigs 10794
*takál PPH marine mollusc sp. 10426
*takbá PPH embrace from behind, copulate by mounting from behind (of animals, or coarsely of humans) 10617
*tak(e)laq PPH click with the tongue 10745
*takem PPH tightly capped 10429
*takéd PPH tie down, fasten by binding 10427
*takíp PPH a cover; to cover 5521
*takúp PPH to patch, cover with something 10655
*talaba PPH kind of shellfish, probably oyster 9528
*talagá PPH truly, surely, really, in fact 10586
*talakituk PPH kind of marine fish 10391
*talaŋ₁ PPh a tree: Diospyros spp. 947
*talaq₂ PPH go for a walk 10746
*tala-qasawa PPh married couple 4299
*talátal PPH to sway, stagger, turn this way and that 10747
*tal(e)sík PPH splash, spatter 10748
*taliwájaq PPH middle, middling, average 10715
*talínum PPH plant with leaves used as a vegetable: Talinum paniculatum or Talinum triangulare 10749
*talukaeb PPH eyelid 10396
*taluktuk PPH hummock, small rise of land 10465
*talun₂ PPH wild fowl, jungle fowl 10439
*talun-an PPh clear land for cultivation 1979
*taluntún PPH follow a path 10750
*talúbuq PPH grow rapidly, thrive, be healthy 10588
*tamad-an PPH be lazy, feel lazy 10717
*tamád PPH lazy, indolent 10716
*tanan PPH all 10719
*tanɁaw-én PPH to see or look at something far away 10785
*tanúd PPH to thread a needle 11048
*tanúR PPH loud sound; volume, loudness 11049
*taŋa₄ PPH a tree: Prunus sp. 10722
*taŋah PPH stupid, silly, ignorant 11111
*taŋaq₁ PPH incapable, incompetent 10393
*taŋaR PPH to seize property and run off with it; to elope 8524
*taŋay PPH to look upward 10724
*taŋ(e)dan PPH payment for services 10394
*taŋ(e)laj PPH kind of tall grass: Themeda gigantea 11075
*taŋíl PPH wedge 10433
*taŋpaq PPH to pay for in advance 10725
*taŋtaŋ-én PPH to beat metals 10470
*taŋtáŋ PPH clanging sound; to clang, as in beating metals 10469
*taŋuq PPH to nod the head, as in agreement 11076
*tapa-en PPh be smoked by someone, of meat or fish 1985
*tapaŋ₂ PPH bold, rude; brave 10434
*tampipiq PPH telescoping basket, double basket 8719
*tapiq₁ PPH board, lumber, beam in house construction 10351
*tapuák PPH plunge, dive into 10753
*tapuk₂ PPH dust in the air, stir up dust 10355
*tapuŋ PPH rice flour 10796
*tampuq PPH sulk; feel remorse 10431
*taq₁ PPH because 10274
*taq₂ PPH particle used to soften questions or turn statements into rhetorical questions 10301
*taq(e)kip PPH include with something else 10623
*taq(e)nay PPH a sheaf or bundle of rice stalks 10797
*taq(e)náw PPH to see or look at something far away 10720
*taq(e)paw PPH top surface of something 10798
*taq(e)paw-an PPH put something on top of something else 10800
*taqul PPH to howl, of a dog 9024
*taraquk PPH crowing of a rooster 10659
*taraytay PPH put in a straight line 10771
*tariktik PPH drizzle, light rain 10754
*taRak PPH to distribute an inheritance (?) 10755
*taR-anak PPH to care for children 10616
*taRa-qinep PPh dream 4556
*taRaquk PPH to crow, of a rooster 10832
*taRa-tuhud PPH up to the knees 7353
*taRihtih PPH drizzle, light rain 10756
*taRiktik PPH sound of rain on roof 10757
*tastas-en PPH to undo stitches, pull out tying material 10507
*tantán PPH lose interest in doing something (?) 10397
*tatus PPH coconut crab: Birgus latro 11077
*tayaw PPH traditional dance form 10802
*tayáq PPH stakes in gambling, wager, bet 10398
*tayeŋ PPH sea urchin with long black spines 10436
*tágay PPH a toast (in drinking); to offer a toast 9106
*tájip PPH to peel, pare, as fruit or yam; to cut into slices 10713
*tákaŋ PPH spread wide open 9088
*tánud PPH guard, sentinel; to stand guard 10621
*tánus PPH straight, as tree limbs 11050
*táŋus PPH pointed or prominent, of the nose 10752
*tebág PPH crumbling, eroded; landslide, cave-in 10319
*tebáq PPH to cut down a stalk of bananas 10318
*tebáR PPH to answer 9072
*tebel₁ PPH constipated 6541
*tebéR PPH a tree: Ficus sp. 10563
*tebir PPH edge, seam, hem 10304
*tebteb-en PPH to cut in half 10440
*tedak PPH stick with a pin, pierce 10489
*tendek₁ PPH post, stake, pillar 10702
*tegek PPH sticky sap 10445
*tekuk PPH to sound off, cry out 10795
*telu-gan PPH three (in children’s games) 8445
*temtem PPH to light a fire 10772
*tenaw PPH clear, of liquid free of impurities 10368
*tenek₁ PPH mosquito 10646
*tenek₂ PPH thorn, spine, as on a fish 10773
*teŋel PPH nape, back of the neck 10816
*tepak₂ PPH sound of footfalls 10490
*tepeŋ₂ PPH equal in height or length 10775
*tinduk PPH large cooking banana or plantain variety 10438
*tik(e)lup PPH to fold 10564
*tiktík PPH to spy, inform on someone 10402
*tikuq₂ PPH bird sp. 10492
*tileŋ PPH piercing sound 10731
*tiltil PPH rap or tap lightly 10669
*timtim PPH sip, taste slightly 7342
*t<in>adtád PPH dish made of chopped meat or vegetables 9021
*t<in>elu PPH made of three parts, as triple-strand rope 8441
*tiŋal PPH to force apart, at with a wedge; force something into someone’s mouth 10627
*tiŋeR PPH sound, voice 10628
*tipuq PPH picking of fruit; falling out of teeth 10630
*tisaq PPH tree with bright yellow fruit that has dry flesh: Lucuma nervosa 10762
*tiuk PPH a bird, probably the swamphen 10451
*tiwaŋwáŋ PPH opening, gap 10411
*tiwtiw PPH a bird and its call, probably the tailor bird: Orthotomus atrogularis 10671
*típun PPH to assemble, come together (of people); bring together (of things) 10409
*tíqiŋ PPH decant, pour liquid out for drinking 10410
*títiq PPH to drip 10450
*tuaŋ₂ PPH carry a load between two people 10776
*tumbalik PPH inverted, reversed, upside-down 10335
*tub(e)liq PPH a plant with root used to stun fish: Derris elliptica 10571
*tubug PPH to wallow in mud 10515
*tubuy PPH send for, allow to go 11078
*tundek PPH poke, as with finger 10705
*tudem PPH dark, discolored 10842
*tugen PPH to deliver, send something to someone 10516
*tuŋgíl PPH clitoris 10781
*tugíq PPH lesser yam: Dioscorea sp. 10412
*tugtug-én PPH to knock on something, play a musical instrument 8966
*tuhuk PPH to string, as fish or beads 10452
*tukal PPH prop, supporting beam in house 10818
*tuŋkaq PPH sleepy, drowsy 10532
*tukaq PPH beak, bill; to peck, of birds, to bite, of a snake 10778
*tukák PPH kind of loud frog 9108
*tulay-an PPH to bridge or span, build a bridge across something 8389
*tuláy PPH bridge 8388
*tulduq PPh to point, indicate; to point out, instruct 5669
*tuleŋ PPH deaf 10609
*tuliŋan PPH kind of mackerel: Rastrelliger spp. 10806
*tulúd PPH push something to start it moving; accompany someone to help them start a journey 9645
*t<um>aneq PPH go overland, hike 8061
*t<um>elu PPH (gloss uncertain) 8442
*t<um>uduq PPh to drip, to leak 7364
*tunaw-en PPH to melt, dissolve 8396
*tunay₁ PPH thorn in the flesh 10416
*tunuh-en PPh be roasted by someone 2137
*tuŋaw₂ PPH a plant: Astronia spp., Melastomataceae 10807
*tu(ŋ)kab-án PPH for force something open or out of its position 10615
*tupád PPH fulfill a promise, comply with a wish 10763
*tupáj PPH to match, form a pair 10764
*tupíq PPH to fold, crease 10765
*tupúk PPH over-ripe, beginning to rot 10453
*tuq(e)maw PPH suddenly appear, come into view suddenly or partially 10819
*tuqun₁ PPH to put on or over something 10738
*tuqun₂ PPH to learn, discover 10782
*turiq PPH circumcision 10737
*tuRauk PPH to crow, of a rooster 10844
*tuRsúk PPH skewer something so as to pick it up without touching it 10766
*tustus₁ PPH to hang down, to lower 10454
*tustus₂ PPH roll up a leaf, as a tobacco leaf 10455
*tutuy PPH penis of a little boy 10822
*tuntún PPH to lower, let something down, as with a rope 10706
*tuyuq PPH point at, aim for; intend to do something; do something intentionally 10783
*túnaw PPH to melt, dissolve 8395
*tútuq PPH interjection used to call a dog 10612
*ubus PPH to finish, consume, use up 9544
*ulitau PPh bachelor, young unmarried man 5786
*umah PPH to kiss 11112
*umah-an PPH to kiss someone 11113
*unah-an PPh first 5809
*unah-unah PPh precede, go before 5810
*uñat PPh to stretch, straighten out 5899
*uñat-en PPh be stretched, be straightened out 5901
*úŋur PPh moan, growl 6106
*urit PPH stripe, streak, line 11004
*uRtuh PPh zenith; noon, mid-day 5849
*utúg PPh erect, of the penis 5885
*wáak PPh crow 6009
*wagwág₁ PPh rice variety 5916
*wagwág₂ PPh shake something vigorously (as a sack to remove the contents) 5917
*wakas-án PPh loosen, undo, uncover 5935
*wákat PPh scatter, strew about 6010
*waksí PPh shake off, flick off 5940
*walu(h)-an PPh group of eight 5951
*walwál PPh work (object, instrument) from side to side 5955
*walwáR PPH work (object, instrument) from side to side 9472
*waŋáwaŋ PPh wide open space 5993
*waŋwáŋ PPh gaping expanse 5992
*warák PPh scatter, strew 5971
*wáras PPh distribute, deal out 6013
*wasay wasay PPh insect sp. 5972
*wasíwas PPh wave back and forth (hand, flag) 5976
*waswás₁ PPh shake something, rinse clothes by shaking in clear water 5974
*waswás₂ PPh tear apart something that one has made; undo 5975
*watnág PPh scatter, disperse 5980
*watwát PPH widen a hole in something 10823
*wáwaq PPh mouth of a river 6014
*waywáy PPh dangle, hang down loosely 5981
*weswés PPH to whirl, spin around 11079
*wigwíg PPh shake, shake something 5994
*wíqwiq PPh slit open 6012
*witwít₁ PPh chirp 6004
*witwít₂ PPh shake, wave (hand, something in the hand) 6005
*wiwí PPh shrill whistle or chirrup 6006

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Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 9/24/2017
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
D:\Users\Stephen\Documents\Visual Studio 2008\Projects\prjACD\prjACD\bin\Debug\acd-pl_pph.htm