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Updated: 11/5/2017

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Proto-form indexes

(click on a *proto-form for its cognate set)

 PAN
1649
 PMP
3547
 PWMP
7060
 PPh
1313
 PCEMP
2834
 PCMP
2071
 PEMP
1656
 PSHWNG
378
 POC
2427
 combined   
22935

Proto-South Halmahera-West New Guinea

 a    b    d    e    g    h    i    k    l    m    n    ñ    ŋ    o    p    q    r    R    s    t    u    w    z   


*abat₃ PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG wound, to wound 6
*adiRi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC housepost 4965
*aku PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC 1sg nominative; I 90
*alaq₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC fetch, get, take 108
*aluten PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG burning brand; charred or smoldering wood 7793
*añam PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC plait (mats, baskets, etc.) 388
*apen PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC fishing line 2578
*api PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC fire 5038
*aRezan PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG notched log ladder 2588
*aRuhu PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC a shore tree: Casuarina equisetifolia 301
*asa₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG one 305
*asa₂ PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG one (of humans) 2408
*asaŋ₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC gills 2591
*asaq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC sharpen, rub, grate 5069
*aya₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC father’s sister, father’s sister’s husband 8678
*baba₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC carry a person pick-a-back; ride pick-a-back 434
*babaq₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC lower surface, bottom; short, low; below, beneath, under 421
*ba-b<in>ahi PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC woman; female 6944
*bail PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG a plant: Falcataria Moluccana 4072
*bak₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG negative marker 489
*bakbak₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC sound of heavy clapping or pounding, smacking sound 477
*bala₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC pen, enclosure for domesticated animals 516
*bales₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG to answer, retaliate; reciprocate good or evil 531
*balun₁ PEMP PSHWNG POC mix 581
*banua PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC inhabited land, territory supporting the life of a community 631
*bañaw PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC wash the hands 755
*baŋun₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC wake someone, rouse someone from sleep; erect something, put something in an upright position 788
*baqagi PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG share, portion, inheritance; to allot, divide property 638
*baqoRu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC new, recent; young, fresh 647
*bara₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC pen, enclosure for domesticated animals 677
*baRa₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC hand, arm 673
*baRa₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC pen, enclosure for domesticated animals 675
*bataŋ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC tree trunk, fallen tree, log; stem of a plant; body; corpse; self; bridge of the nose; most important or preeminent thing; main course of a river; mushroom or bracket fungus that grows on tree trunks or decaying logs 6481
*batu₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC stone; testicle; kind of banana; numeral classifier for teeth (?) 6486
*bantun PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG pull up, as out of a pit or out of water 7086
*beŋkeR PEMP PSHWNG POC defecate 1933
*beŋbeŋ₄ PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC butterfly 10180
*betek₃ PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC thorn; stinger of stingray 988
*b<in>ai PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC woman, female 6942
*biŋaq PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC kind of volute shell 1303
*biRaq₃ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC wild taro, elephant's ear or itching taro, Alocasia spp.; sexual itch 1219
*bisik₂ PSHWNG sick; illness 1265
*bisul PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG boil, abscess 1268
*bities PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG lower leg (below the knee); calf of the leg 1284
*bitil₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG hungry; starve 1288
*bituka PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG stomach; large intestine 1107
*bituqen PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC star 1295
*bobo₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG upper surface, top, above 734
*bokes PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC bundle; package 977
*bolaj PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC spread out, unroll (mats, etc.); wide 857
*boRe PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG give 959
*boRse PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC canoe paddle, paddle a canoe 983
*buaq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC fruit; areca palm and nut; grain; berry; seed; nut; endosperm of a sprouting coconut; kidney; heart; finger; calf of the leg; testicle; various insects; scar tissue; roe; bud; flower; blossom; bear fruit; words, speech, or songs; meaning, contents of discussion; numeral classifier for roundish objects; buttock; Adam's apple; nipple of the breast; button; marble; tattooing 1331
*bubu₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC conical bamboo basket trap for fish 1366
*bubuŋ-an PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC roof; ridge of the roof 1375
*bukbuk₃ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC weevil that infests wood, bamboo, and rice; dust produced by the boring of this insect; tooth decay, dental caries 1489
*buŋkul₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC swelling; lump or bump under the skin; wad of something 1898
*bulan₃ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC moon, month; menstruation; shell disk collar piece 1534
*bulaw-an PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG gold 1561
*bulu₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC body hair; fur; feather; down; antenna of insect or crustacean; spikes of sea urchin; floss on plant skins, color; type, kind 1609
*buluq₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC type of slender bamboo; Schizostachyum spp. 1601
*bunuq₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC throw at, hit, strike with a sharp object; kill; extinguish (a fire) 1685
*buŋ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG deep resounding sound 1918
*buŋa PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC flower, blossom; to flower, bear flowers; yield a benefit (as interest on a loan); first-born child; cotton; vulva (refined or evasive), skin rash, prickly heat; speckled (of fish); kidneys 1871
*buqaya PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC crocodile; seahorse 1712
*buRaw PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG drive off, chase away, expel 1737
*busuR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC hunting bow; bow-like instrument used to card kapok fiber 1798
*buu₂ PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC conch shell trumpet 1845
*dalij PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC buttress root 2189
*daqan₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC branch, bough 7201
*daRaq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC blood; to bleed; menstruate 7205
*dedap PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG a tree: Erythrina spp. 2218
*demdem₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC gloom, darkness; dark, overcast, gloomy 7567
*deŋeR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to hear, listen; obey; hear about; news; fame, famous; to feel, perceive through any sense other than sight 8249
*depa PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC fathom 7748
*diRi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG to stand 7383
*disdis PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG cut, slice 2256
*duha PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC two 7875
*emis₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG sweet taste 2336
*emis₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG sweet taste 2647
*empu PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG grandparent/grandchild (recipr.); ancestor; lord, master, owner 2340
*esa PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC one 2406
*gaRuk PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG scratch up, scrape up 11484
*gekgek PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC animal sound 2484
*habaRat PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC southwest monsoon 4954
*hadiRi bubuŋ-an PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG center post, main housepost 4967
*hajek PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC smell, sniff, kiss 4977
*hateD PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG accompany, escort, conduct, convey; send; return; escort the bride to her husband; gift of food at a wedding; send bridewealth payments 5078
*ia₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC 3sg. personal pronoun: he, she; him, her, it 2785
*iap PSHWNG kind of brown fish 2780
*iaqi PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC demonstrative marker of uncertain meaning 2781
*ida PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC they, them (cf *da) 2816
*idi PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG then, at that time 2819
*ikan PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC fish 5254
*ima₂ PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC kind of pandanus with leaves useful for plaiting 2868
*ina PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC mother, mother's sister; female animal; largest member of a set 2889
*i-na PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC that, there 3656
*inum PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC act of drinking 2912
*ipun₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG tiny sea fish that ascends rivers in huge numbers to spawn 2699
*irid₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC fan; to fan 2953
*isa₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG one 2965
*ised PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG budge, shift, move aside 2974
*iseR PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG budge, shift, move aside 2979
*isu₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG budge, shift, move aside 3001
*isug PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC clean oneself by scrubbing 2708
*isuR PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG budge, shift, move aside 2994
*kandoRa PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG cuscus, phalanger 6745
*kaen PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC eat 8008
*kaen kaen PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG (gloss uncertain) 8039
*kahu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC 2sg., you 9765
*kali- PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG prefix for words with a sensitive reference to the spirit world (cf. *qali-) 10073
*kamay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC hand 3090
*k-ami PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC 1pl. excl. nominative pronoun, we (exclusive) 9705
*kamu₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC 2pl. nominative, you all 9710
*kanari PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC tree with edible nut, the Canarium almond: Canarium commune 9942
*kanaway PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC kind of white bird: probably gull sp. 3102
*kanisu PEMP PSHWNG POC to spit at (as an insult?) 8206
*kanon₁ PSHWNG to eat, consume 8034
*kanus PEMP PSHWNG POC spittle; to spit (intr.) 7014
*kampuŋ PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC abdomen, belly 10000
*kaRa PEMP PSHWNG POC member of the parrot family 9923
*kaRat PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to bite 7713
*kasaw₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC rafter, diagonal bamboo poles to which thatch panels are lashed 7637
*kayu₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC wood; tree 7796
*kazupay PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC rat 6763
*keRan₂ PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG hawksbill turtle: Chelonia imbricata 9997
*kita₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC we (incl.) 7701
*kita₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to see 8527
*-ku PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG 1sg genitive (marker of non-subject agency and possession; my; by me) 8769
*kuden PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC clay cooking pot 6510
*kulit PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC skin; hide; rind; bark 7214
*kuluR PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC breadfruit 7651
*kuRita PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC octopus 7149
*kutaña PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG ask, inquire about 3307
*kutu₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC head louse; sparks from a fire; water striker (insect that walks on water) 7641
*lakaj PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to stride, take a step 7850
*laman PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG deep, of the sea; deep sea 6805
*laŋaw PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG bluebottle, blowfly, horsefly 7574
*laŋit PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC sky 7529
*laqia PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC ginger 6972
*lauŋ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG howl 3370
*laur₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC toward the sea 7040
*lawaq₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC spider; spiderweb 8178
*lawas₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG wide, broad 3371
*layaR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC sail 7409
*leseq PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG nit, egg of a louse 3433
*lima PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC five 7384
*lima-lima PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC five by five, in groups of five 7404
*limas PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC bail out a canoe 8534
*lipen PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC tooth 7105
*liqə PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG voice 6770
*liteq PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG sap of a tree or plant 3480
*lumut PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC moss, algae, seaweed 7757
*lusuŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG rice mortar 11037
*luten PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC firewood 3542
*madar PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC ripe, overripe 6860
*ma-esak PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC cooked, ripe 2404
*ma-gatel PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG itchy 7152
*malaw PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC paper mulberry tree: Brousonnetia papyrifera, used to make bark cloth; men’s loincloth made from this material 6775
*malip PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC laugh, smile 6773
*maluRu PEMP PSHWNG POC shade 7032
*mama PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC parent’s younger sibling, junior uncle; a young child’s term of address for his father, vocative of *ama 8746
*mamaq PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC chew without intending to swallow, as betel nut; premasticate food to give to an infant; premasticated food 8748
*ma-mawab PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to yawn 5366
*ma-mayaq PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC shy, embarrassed, ashamed 5208
*mamin PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC a fish: wrasse spp. 3567
*manuk PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC chicken 6949
*manu(k)-manuk PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG bird 6951
*ma-Nipis PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC thin (of materials) 8673
*maŋ-tunuh PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG to roast 2135
*ma-panas PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC warm, hot 3795
*maqasin PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC salty, brackish 4310
*ma-qitem, ma-qétem PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC black; dirty 4591
*ma-qosak PEMP PSHWNG POC ripe; cooked; ready to eat 4480
*ma-Raqan PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG light in weight 4827
*ma-Ruqanay PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC male 4939
*maS PAN PMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC and 3572
*ma-Sasak PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC ripe; cooked 5066
*mata PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC eye, face, focal point, center or most prominent part; hole, aperture; doorway, window; budding part of plant; ‘eye’ of coconut; knot in wood; sun; core of a boil; blade of a knife; to awaken; operculum of a snail; mesh of a net; eye of a needle; noose of a trap; hearth; direction of the wind; head of a river; spring, source; lid, cover 8602
*ma-takut PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC fearful, afraid 7427
*m-atay m-atay PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC die in throngs; be on the verge of death 68
*matay₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC die; dead 39
*matu PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC dry coconut 8922
*ma-tuduR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC sleeping; to sleep 8361
*ma-tunuh PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG roasted 2134
*ma-tuqah PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC old, of people; very, extremely; to die, dead (euphemism) 8508
*mawa PEMP PSHWNG POC a cleft, space between two rocks 6960
*mawab PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to yawn, yawning 5363
*mekmek PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC broken to bits 3582
*meñak PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC fat, grease; ointment 6846
*molaŋ PEMP PSHWNG POC true, real, genuine 6961
*mutu₂ PEMP PSHWNG POC broken off, cut off 7405
*n-ami PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG 1pl. excl. genitive, our 9707
*nanaq PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC pus 7222
*natu PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC child, offspring 10934
*nepuq PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC stonefish 6514
*niuR PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC coconut 7013
*nusa₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC island 7054
*ñikñik PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC tiny biting insect: gnat, sandfly 3668
*ŋajan PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC name 7494
*onəm PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC six 7766
*pa-₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC causative prefix 9461
*pa-bunuq PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG killer, one who kills 1695
*pajay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG rice in the field; rice plant 7675
*pa(ka)-m-atay PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG kill; commit suicide (?) 46
*pa(ka)-salaq PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to blame, accuse of error or fault; to punish 8199
*pa-laRiw PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG run away, flee; flight, escape; fugitive 3363
*pa-layaR PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to sail 7411
*panaq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC throw something at a target; shoot with bow and arrow 6474
*panas₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC warm, hot 3794
*panaw₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC go, walk away, depart 7929
*paniki PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG fruit bat, flying fox: Pteropus spp. 3809
*pa(n)tar₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC shelf; bed frame of wooden or bamboo laths 3908
*paŋan PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC food; to feed 11176
*paŋdan PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC pandanus 3916
*papan PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC plank, board; floor boards of house 8152
*paqa₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC stalk or stem of a plant 7510
*paRa₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC storage shelf; attic, loft 3845
*paRa₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG collective particle 3848
*paRi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC stingray 3861
*paRi- PEMP PSHWNG POC prefix of reciprocal or collective action 3865
*pa-susu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC give the breast to, nurse a child 7629
*pat PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC four 5163
*pat-i PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC four 5188
*patoto PEMP PSHWNG POC sticks that connect the float to the booms of an outrigger canoe 8336
*pijax PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC interrogative of quantity: how much?, how many?; adjective of indefinite quantity: some, several, a few 8047
*pitu pitu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC seven by seven, seven at a time 8327
*pitu₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC seven 8310
*poli PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC value, price; marriage prestations, brideprice; purchase 911
*puket₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC dragnet 8399
*pula₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG red 4030
*pulaq PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG red 4029
*puŋuh PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC bunch, cluster (of grain, fruit, areca nuts, etc.) 4082
*pusej PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC navel, umbilicus; mid-point or center of something 7937
*putaR PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG to turn 8560
*punti₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC banana 7783
*putiq PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG white 7943
*qabaRa PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC shoulder; carry on the shoulder 4088
*qabateR PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC sago grub 4094
*qabu₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC ash, hearth, cinder, powder, dust; gray 4115
*qalipan PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC centipede 4188
*qalunan PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG wooden headrest, pillow 4178
*qapuR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC lime, calcium 4267
*qaqay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC foot, leg 4273
*qaRuhu PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG a shore tree: Casuarina equisetifolia 4290
*qaRus PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC current, flow 4291
*qasawa PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC spouse: husband, wife 4294
*qasiRa PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC salt 4325
*qasu₃ PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC smoke, fumes, steam; to smoke (as a fire) 4335
*qatay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC liver; seat of the emotions, inner self: core, mind, will, desire, feeling, intelligence, understanding; to want or wish; hollow of the palm of the hand or sole of the foot; pith, as of bamboo 4125
*qateluR PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC egg; testicle 4345
*qatep PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC roof, thatch 4348
*qatimun PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG cucumber: Cucumis sativa L. 4358
*qatip₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG pinch, squeeze, press together 4362
*qayam₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG bird 4386
*qayawan PEMP PSHWNG POC banyan, strangler fig 4389
*qenay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC sand 4450
*qenəp PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG lie down to sleep 4469
*qidu PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG spoon, ladle 4532
*qinep PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC lie down to sleep 4555
*qiteluR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG egg; testicle 4522
*quay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC rattan, Calamus sp. 4614
*qubi PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC yam: Dioscorea alata Linn. 4625
*qudaŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC shrimp, crayfish, lobster 4632
*qulej PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC maggot, caterpillar, larva of a metamorphosing insect 7200
*qulu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC head; top part; leader, chief; headwaters; handle of a bladed implement; prow of a boat; first, first-born; hair of the head 4675
*qulu ni wahiR PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG headwaters of a river 4685
*qulu-an PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG head-end, upper part 4681
*quma PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC swiddden; work a swidden 4688
*qunap₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC scale of fish, turtle shell 7158
*qunep PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC scales of fish or snake 4718
*qutaŋ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG debt 4757
*qutin PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC penis 4769
*qutub PEMP PSHWNG POC submerge a container to fill it 4772
*quzan PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC rain 4780
*raun PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC leaf; head hair; classifier used in counting certain types of objects 6925
*ruyuŋ₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC dugong 7687
*Rabut PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC uproot, pull out by the roots 10682
*Rakit PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG lay long objects side by side; raft 8685
*Rames PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG squeeze, knead 4819
*Rebek PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to fly 4863
*Ruab PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG high tide, tidal flow 8169
*Rumaq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC house 7303
*Rusuk PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC ribs 8475
*sakaRu PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC reef 4983
*sakay₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC catch a ride, join a group, ride on something 5120
*sakit PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG sick, painful 8337
*sala PEMP PSHWNG POC sharp-pointed object, possibly sea urchin 9492
*salaq₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC wrong, in error (of behavior); miss (a target); mistake, error, fault 8193
*saŋa₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC crotch, fork of the legs; span, fork of the fingers 8804
*sa-ŋa-puluq PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC ten 6906
*saRu₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC comb 5059
*sauq₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC anchor 8132
*seŋseŋ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC cork, stopper, plug 5237
*sepat PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC go past, go beyond 9401
*si ida PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC they 2818
*siDsiD PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG sail along the coast, follow the coast in voyaging 7679
*sinaR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC ray of light, sunbeam 7270
*sombu PEMP PSHWNG go down, descend 9502
*solat PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG passage for a boat? 7689
*sua₂ PEMP PSHWNG POC to stir 9505
*suak PEMP PSHWNG POC to backpaddle a canoe; walk backwards 9504
*sukun PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG breadfruit sp. 9247
*suli₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC plant shoot, sprout, cutting 8281
*suŋut₂ PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG labial circle 5462
*supi PEMP PSHWNG POC to peel, pare, as yams 9408
*suqan PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC digging stick 8274
*sura PEMP PSHWNG POC comb 6962
*susu₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC female breast; udder 7625
*tabuRi PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC conch shell trumpet 7935
*talas PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG break, burst 5480
*taliŋa PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC ear; kind of tree fungus 1974
*t-amax PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC father 139
*tamtam PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG smack the lips 5505
*tanem PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC grave; to bury; to plant 7438
*tanem-i PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG to plant on or in 7452
*taneq PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC earth, soil, land 8059
*taŋis PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC weep, cry; mourn 2040
*t-ampu PEMP PSHWNG POC grandparent/grandchild (reciprocal) 280
*taqi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC feces, excrement 2005
*taRaq₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC hewing with an adze 8137
*taRutuŋ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC porcupine fish, puffer fish, Diodon sp. 5519
*tasik PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC sea, saltwater 8768
*tata₁ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC collateral consanguine of the first ascending generation 10523
*tatuqu PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC true, real 10598
*tawan PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC kind of fruit tree: Pometia pinnata 7083
*taytay PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC single log bridge (?) 8390
*tebek PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG pierce, stab 5543
*tebuh₁ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC sugarcane: Saccharum officinarum 7953
*tebuh₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC sugarcane: Saccharum officinarum 2055
*tek PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC thump! 10525
*tektek₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG gecko, house lizard (onom.) 5566
*t-empu PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG grandparent/grandchild (ref.) 2349
*teRab PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC a belch 2073
*timuR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC southeast monsoon 7785
*t-ina PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC mother (ref.) 2902
*tinana PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC big, huge; superlative 10513
*t<in>aqi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC small intestine 2007
*tinoni PEMP PSHWNG POC man, male 10838
*tiRem PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG oyster 8502
*tobV PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC fishnet float 6868
*tolu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC three 8415
*tosi PEMP PSHWNG POC draw, make marks or designs 10520
*tu(n)daŋ PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG to sit 5698
*tuduR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to sleep 8357
*tuhuR PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC stringing of beads, skewering of fish, etc. 2150
*tuna PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC freshwater eel 8374
*tunu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC roast food over a fire 2123
*tuqed PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG tree stump; stubble 5682
*tuRi₂ PEMP PSHWNG POC the candlenut tree: Aleurites moluccana 10707
*u₂ PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC 2sg. subject pronoun 5465
*um-ai PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to come 7829
*umel PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG speechless, dumb, mute 5796
*unum PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC drink 5816
*upe PEMP PSHWNG POC end of tuber that is kept for planting 5829
*upi PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC to blow 5833
*upu PEMP PSHWNG POC germinating coconut (?) 5838
*uRas PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG wash body parts, cooking or eating utensils (but not clothes) 5436
*uRat PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC artery, blood vessel, blood vein; muscle; nerve; sinew; tendon; fiber; vein of a leaf; grain of wood; strand (of thread, rope); fishing line; root 5842
*utaña PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG ask, inquire 5875
*utem PEMP PSHWNG POC fish net float 5876
*utik PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG marine fish with thorny skin 5878
*wai PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG mango sp. 5928
*waip PEMP PSHWNG POC water container 5927
*waiR PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC fresh water 5919
*waŋka PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC outrigger canoe with dugout hull 5984
*wakaR PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC root 5931
*wakaR-i PEMP PSHWNG POC root 5933
*wakat PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG mangrove root 5936
*walu PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC eight 5943
*wanan PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC right (side, hand, direction) 5957
*wanan PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC right (side, hand, direction) 9474
*wa(n)se₁ PEMP PSHWNG POC divide 5987
*waqay PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC foot, leg 5962
*wiRi PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG left side or direction 5998
*zalan PAN PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC path, made by a human as opposed to an animal; way or means to do something; wake of a boat; the Milky Way 7590
*zauq PMP PWMP PCEMP PCMP PEMP PSHWNG POC far 8103
*zuRuq PMP PWMP PCEMP PEMP PSHWNG POC juice; sap; gravy; soup 7635

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 PAN    PMP    PWMP    PPh    PCEMP    PCMP    PEMP    PSHWNG    POC    combined   


Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 11/5/2017
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
D:\Users\Stephen\Documents\Visual Studio 2008\Projects\prjACD\prjACD\bin\Debug\acd-pl_pshwng.htm