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Updated: 11/5/2017

 

Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Roots

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*-ñ   

-ñam    -ñat    -ñaw    -ñeb    -ñej    -ñep    -ñut    

29997

*-ñam savory, tasty

PMP *ñamñamto taste, savor
PAN *tañamtasty
Kankanaey íñampalatable, savory
Javanese ken-amtaste in the mouth
Maranao kiñamdiscernible taste
Melanau (Matu) kun-amtaste

29998

*-ñat stretch

PWMP *ban_atstretch
PWMP *hikn_atstretch
PWMP *hunatstretch
PWMP *ínatstretch
PWMP *un-atstretch, straighten out
Kayan an-atstretch
Ilokano bennátstretch, distend
Bontok bínatto stretch, as an elastic band or a sweater; pull tight, as a loose thread
Kadazan Dusun hanatstretch
Manobo (Western Bukidnon) kanatstretch
Tagalog kúnatductility, resiliency
Mongondow nanatstretch (a rope, piece of material, elastic)
Sasak n-atstretch; spring up
Pangasinan pínatstretch
Cebuano ugnátstretch out something somewhat elastic
Hiligaynon únatductile, stretchable

29999

*-ñaw wash, bathe, rinse

PAN *ban-awwash, bathe
PSan *denobathe
PAN *n-awn-awrinse, wash
PAN *Sen-awwash
PAN *Sin-awwash
PWMP *unawwash, wash off
Bikol balnáwrinse
Pangasinan begnáwrinse
Maranao boanawwash
Maranao boanaw-anbasin for washing hands
Ilokano bugnáwrinse
Bikol bulnáwrinse, rinse off (as soap, dirt)
Bunun danavwash (face, oneself)
Casiguran Dumagat gúnawput in water and swish around
Kapampangan kan-awrinse; rinsing, washing (Bergan-o)
Saisiyat kapranawtowel for bathing
Ngadha lenoenter the water, bathe the entire body
Kavalan linawwash tableware (bowls, cups, etc.)
Bunun ma-danawsplash oneself with water
Ilokano tabnáwplunge, thrust or cast oneself into water

-ñam    -ñat    -ñaw    -ñeb    -ñej    -ñep    -ñut    

ñe

30130

*-ñeb dive, submerge

PWMP *ceñebimmerse, submerge
PWMP *leñebdisappear under water
Maranao panebfish for shellfish
Maranao senebdive, immerse in water
Maranao sinebdive

30000

*-ñej submerge, sink, drown

PWMP *len-ejdisappear under water
Itbayaten ahnedidea of sinking
Maranao galenedsink
Itbayaten humnedto sink
Bikol húnodto sink
Hawu ken-adive, plunge
Buruese lona-hto flood
Kenyah men-etdrown
Dairi-Pakpak Batak neŋneŋthrown into the river
Kadazan Dusun sonodto sink
Cebuano túnudconvey below the surface of the water or into a pit; for the sun to set
Cebuano tusnúddip, immerse a part of something, or something held

30001

*-ñep dive; sink, disappear under water

Isneg dannápflood
Ngaju Dayak harenepsink, descend
Malay len-apgone, vanished
Mongondow onopsunk in or covered with water
Kelabit tanepsink, set, disappear from view

-ñam    -ñat    -ñaw    -ñeb    -ñej    -ñep    -ñut    

ñu

30002

*-ñut stretchy; elastic

PWMP *lanuttough, as old meat
Ilokano ánutmeat full of sinews
Hanunóo kúnutflexibility, pliability (Also Bikol kúnot 'tough (as meat)')
Kankanaey kuynútflexible, pliable, pliant
Hiligaynon uganúttough (meat)
Iban un-utstretch, lengthen

Also Bikol ignít 'stretch something'.

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Austronesian Comparative Dictionary, web edition
Robert Blust and Stephen Trussel
www.trussel2.com/ACD
2010: revision 11/5/2017
email: Blust (content) – Trussel (production)
Roots-Index-ñ