Updated: 8/30/2010
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Blust's
Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Wordlists:

Seimat

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a

(a)ka-ko1-plural inclusive
(a)ka-lu1-dual inclusive
(a)la-lu3-dual
(a)la-to2-plural
(a)mili1-dual exclusive
(a)mite1-plural exclusive
(a)mu-lu2-dual
(a)mu-to2-plural
a₁counting classifier (trees), te-a pata: 1 tree, hũ-a pata: 2 trees, tolu-a pata: 3 trees
a₂possessive classifier; a-uk, a-um, a-un
aefoot, ae-k, ae-m, ae-n
ahfire
ahaŋwest; west wind
ahiMalay Apple: Syzygium gomata (long variety)
ahitakeunder, below
ahoahblowing of the wind
ailanhard
aileto make, build (cf. talomi)
aitawho?
aita ani anak xixiWho ate my fish?
akahrain
akakaarmpit; akaka-uk, akaka-um, akaka-un
akako1 pl in, we
akalu1 dl in, we
akekenito hold in the hand
akikkinsman, akik-ik, akik-im, akik-in
akilekhiccough
akimatudizzy, giddy, faint
al loloensunset (sun setting)
al sasasaledawn
al₁liver, al-ik, al-im, al-in
al₂barracuda
al₃sun
alalhalibut
aligrouper
aliareturn
alia hani ixureturn home (lit. go back to place)
alikomenibend something soft or flexible, as a mat)
alimaŋmangrove crab
alohaafternoon, evening
alomito bail
alomi wabail out a canoe
amatua large fish, the double-headed parrot fish
amili1 dl ex, we
amili John kiliwaw hani Manus letuWe two, John and I, will go to Manus tomorrow.
amili po ani hula letuwe (dl.) will eat taro tomorrow
amite1 pl ex, we
amite laŋawen tinawe went sailing yesterday
amite laŋ-a-wen tinawe went sailing yesterday
amite po ani hula letuwe (pl.) will eat taro tomorrow
amulu2 dl, you two
amuto2 pl, you all
anfood, thing to eat (possessive classifier); eat: an-ak, an-am, an-an
an-ak up ienmy coconut to eat (cf. )
anelpalm (of hand)
anel-onits palm
anel-on min-akmy palm (lit. the palm of my hand)
anetalamwhale
aniwith, instrumental
ani tuepchew betel
anilaŋujellyfish (lit. food of laŋu, a large white fish five to six feet in length)
ani-wa hulaeat the taro! (sg. and pl.)
ani-wenate
anuhsaliva
anuncoconut crab
eat
aŋawseagull with white chest and black back and head
aŋiamatbrave
aŋiansharp, of a point or blade
aŋ-i-aŋeating (cf. an)
aŋihaeast wind
aŋoaŋonyellow
apahfishing pole
apeienenough (cf. tapan)
apisago palm
apukind of coconut or growth stage of coconut with sweet fibers that are chewed (cf. kiekin, mahu, poun, up)
apuhĩnicollect, as coconuts
apuhĩni upcollect coconuts
apuŋ? (cf. ŋol)
asekuncrippled, lame
asoito sniff
at₁heart, at-ek, at-em, at-en
at₂bonito, large tuna that grows up to six feet or more in length
atalahibite
atol i manexuxegg of a bird
atol i momegg of a chicken
atol i pat-ukmy brain (lit. the brain of my head)
atol₁brain, fontanelle, atol-uk, atol-um, atol-un
atol₂egg
atol-uneggs (of lice)
aumullet, halibut
aumiembrace
aupolwind
awmouth, aw-ak, aw-am, aw-an; curvature
aw e iŋdoor opening
aw e salroad, path (cf. wasol)
aw lokoncurved bay
awawaxto snore
awiwikokhumpbacked, hunched over
ax₁jaw, ax-ek, ax-em, ax-en
ax₂gall bladder, ax-uk, ax-um, ax-un
ax₃name, ax-ak, ax-am, ax-an
axaaxfireplow, usually made from a tree called kayah
axahcharcoal
axaito whet, sharpen (a knife)
axam laWhat is your name?
axaxafingernail, axaxa-uk, axaxa-um, axaxa-un
axaxawanblue
axito feed
axohusband, wife, axo-ak, axo-am, axo-an
axoncopulate
axusmoke; dust
axu-ansmoky, dusty
axutiscratch an itch
ayassticks connecting outrigger; fork on outrigger

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e

eis/are (cf. he)
ekvulva, ek-ek, ek-em, ek-en
to lie down
etinito pull (a rope), eti-tini: pulling
ewiewiwato recover from an illness
exeinito rub in liniment

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h

ha pexo-pexowink/blink
ha putathrow down, drop
ha₁kind of kwila (red wood inside); punting pole
ha₂reddish-brown talay smaller than a tanih
ha₃wake up; to rise, of the moon, moonrise
ha₄causative marker
hahalintaboo
ha-halokplaying; dance
ha-hanigiving
hahiaheated, as in i hahia an: she heated the wood
hahioladay before yesterday
hahoŋohoŋmessenger, herald
hakakawibend (iron bar)
hakokolslow
haliaŋmast; mast support
halokto play
hanclimb
hanawto rest, take a break; breathe; hanaway-ak, hanaway-am, hanaway-an
hani₁give
hani₂to (directional), toward
haniaumaŋunicornfish like uliul, but with shorter projection
hani-wagive it
hanoanoshort of breath
haŋainisell
haŋgacapsize (cp. siota, kaluŋa) (NG Pidgin)
hapikishoot arrow
hapubig, older (of people)
hasaito string (e.g., fish)
hatstone
hatahathigh shelf for storing dried fish, etc. (cf. heihaŋ)
hatauhfrigate
hatesolall
hatuto weave
hatuhatkind of four-cornered fish
haunclean, new
hayupsouth wind
heisare (cf. e)
heâyto open [check â]
hehinwoman; female
heihaŋfirewood shelf immediately over hearth (cf. hatahat)
hetalargest type of stingray, up to twelve feet across, probably manta ray
hẽxipatcomb
hĩenaashamed
hilhow many?
hil xixi o tikeHow many fish did you catch?
hilehilfight in war
hinalofour
hinalo akaik4 children
hinalo pata4 trees
hinalo pow4 pigs
hinalo uup4 trees
hinaloka kay pata4 leaves
hitaa shore tree: Calophyllum inophyllum
hiticook in earth oven
hitolhungry
hotree similar to mangrove with sweet edible fruit that is poisonous if not treated properly before eating
mole (on skin)
hokreef
hõkaithrow spear
holahato open, as a flower
holahito open anything that is folded, as clothing, a mat, etc. (cp. holaha)
holo₁rollers for beaching a canoe (cp. lola)
holo₂trivet, three stones forming the hearth
honsea turtle, Chelonia mydas
hon masaŋparrot-beaked turtle
hon wanencommon sea turtle (lit. turtle true)
hoŋ iŋroof of a house
hoŋ₁hear
hoŋ₂roof
hoŋoalisten!
hoŋ-oalisten!
hoŋo-hoŋhearing, listening
hosashadow, reflection; spirit of a dead man; ancestral spirit, hosa-uk, hosa-um, hosa-un
hosanbutterflycocoon
hotstingray similar to heta, but about 4 ft. across
hoxpaddle (cp. xoxei)
hu₁counting classifier (general); te-hu: one (general), hũo-hu: two (general), tolu-hu: three (general)
hu₂fruit
huacrocodile (cf. loloma)
hua i patafruit of a tree
hua i upcoconut fruit
hũa pata2 trees
hualito help
hu-anits fruit
huâtuanbeginning, origin [check â]
huhanfull (container)
hũhũa akaik2 children
hulataro, wild taro
hulihulsurf
huloswollen
hũmot uup2 trees
hunayayto cook
hunũĩsqueeze out, as the juice of a fruit
hũohutwo (cf. hu)
huohu iŋ2 houses, . . ., etc.
hũok pow2 pigs
hũok tal2 ropes, etc.
hũok xixi2 fish, etc. like pig
hũoka kay pata2 leaves
hũoka tuep2 bunches of betel, etc.
hũopanimten (cf. panim)
hũo-panim10 (2x5)
hũopanim akaik10 children
hũopanim pow10 pigs
hũopanim tehu11
hũopanim tehueleven
hũopanim tel akaik11 children, etc.
hũopanim tok pow11 pigs, etc.
hutkind of shore tree: Barringtonia asiatica
huxisland
hux lalapisland (lit. island big)

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i

i3-singular pronoun
i ani nake i hitolHe ate because he was hungry
i aniwen hula tihahshe/he/it ate taro yesterday
i aŋiaŋ hulashe/he/it is eating taro
i hahia anshe heated the wood (no word hia)
i hatona ŋahe made me sit down
i hatoŋi ŋahe made me cry (cp. taŋ)
i hatuhiâ ŋahe made me stand up [check â]
i mate-wenhe is dead
i pa-paxai ŋahe is staring at me
i paxai kaluhe sees us (dl. incl.)
i paxai ŋahe sees me
i paxai ohe sees you
i po ani hula letushe/he/it will eat taro tomorrow
i po kiliwama Manus letuHe will come from Manus tomorrow.
i puke-pukhe is spitting
i sawitiwaSew it!
i talo ŋahe sent me
i tu-tuhe is standing
i weli kakakhe is always talking
i xuxuhe is fat
iawhere?
iehere
ienthere
ihexlamation of disapproval
ikoik₁coconut grater
ikoik₂mussel
ilamocean
imatfirst
inahspear
house
iŋ i manexuxnest (lit. house of bird)
iŋ i pulilspider web (lit. house of spider) (cp. waunun waun i pulil)
iothere (not near hearer)
ipoŋnight
itihicaulk
ixuplace

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J

John (i) aŋiaŋ hulaJohn is eating taro
John ani anak xixiJohn ate my fish
John aŋiaŋJohn is eating.
John aŋiaŋ xixiJohn is eating a fish.
John kotiwen ihe cut himself (w/ a knife)
John ma Mary lalu aŋiaŋ hulaJohn and Mary are eating taro
John tahaiwen iJohn cut himself (as when shaving)
John xai tok sinen ani pataJohn hit a dog with [a] stick

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k

ka₁counting classifier (tree leaves, bunches of fruit), te-ka kay pata: 1 tree leaf, hũo-ka kay pata: 2 tree leaves, tolu-ka kay pata: 3 tree leaves, hinalo-ka kay pata: 4 tree leaves, te-ka tuep: 1 bunch of betel, hũo-ka tuep: 2 bunches of betel
ka₂drive fish into a corral
ka₃red spiny starfish
kahlionfish
kahitito follow
kahuito buy
kahuiwado in return, take revenge
kaisalaŋawbuttocks, kaisalaŋaw-ak, kaisalaŋaw-am, kaisalaŋaw-an
kaixincroton, dracaena
kakto surface, come up to the air to breathe, as a whale, man, etc. (Lou kak?)
kakablood; red; comb of a fowl, kaka-uk, kaka-um, kaka-un
kakakto say, tell, speak
kakatopfishnet float
kakau salocarry firewood
ka-kaw salocarry firewood
kakawincrooked
kako po laŋ letuwe will go sailing tomorrow
kalalcommon seagrass
kalamawleft
kalixapregnant
kalohbailer
kalu(dl. incl.)
kalu paxai iwe (dl. incl.) see him
kalu paxai latowe (dl. incl.) see them
kaluŋacapsize (cp. siota, haŋga)
kalutastray, get lost
kameyask (a question)
kanwater; fresh water (also kani)
kan i anuh-ukmy saliva, kan i anuh-um, kan i anuh-un
kan i pultears (lit. water of eye)
kan i susbreast milk
kan i taxsaltwater, sea (tax does not occur alone)
kan i tax mate-nsea is calm (dead); tide (cp. nũãn, somun)
kanakanmoss
kanata small (8-10”) yellow mullet with spot on sides
kani(cp. kan)
kani susbreast milk
kapaparginger
kapitsteering paddle
katuscar
kauprafter
kaw hakeakeacarry on pole between 2 people
kaw₁to bring, to take, to carry
kaw₂face, forehead, kaw-ãk, kaw-ãm, kaw-ãn
kawãlarge puffer fish with small thorns
kawakawbamboo
kawatanheavy
kawiwhermit crab
kaxiwainform, give news
kaxuxsink
kayleaf
kay apithatch (lit. sago leaf)
kay lahbetel leaf
kay patatree leaf
kayaha tree from which fireplows are usually made
keflying fox
keihateagle
keitito close
kekeanhot (food/sun)
kekiahow?
kexukwhite bird that flies very high
kiekincoconut with flesh that is developed enough to eat
kikanbathe (cp. nũhĩ)
ki-kiliwawis running
kilakilan(cp. kilan)
kilakilanthick (as a plank)
kilanmuch, many
kiliwa-macome from
kiliwawrun
kingarden, land
kinawneck, kinaw-ek, kinaw-em, kinaw-en
kinaxvoice
kiokikingfisher
kohrotten (meat/vegetable), koh-an
kohotstar
kokicockatoo; greenblue (< Tok Pisin)
kokol e polui hatsmall is [the] black stone
kolsmall; kokol : small, taŋa-kol: pinky (lit. finger small)
kolato point
kolohtail, koloh-en: its tail fin
konokonstern, prow, prow shield
koowsea cucumber
kosenanquick (cp. taloian)
koticut bush, fell trees
koxcram into an overfilled container
koxapossum
koxaksmall seaweed, 4-5” curled brown leaves
kucondylous bone, ku-ik, ku-im, ku-in
ku i pop-okmy ribs
kuewenold (from before)
kuhuhthunder
kuhukuhelephant ear taro
kui popokrib (lit. bone of side)
kukupost
kuku i iŋhousepost
kukunanshort length, height
kumdon't, dehortative marker
kum ani-ani huladon't eat the taro! (sg. and pl.)
kum toto ienDon't sit down there!
kum tutudon't stand up!
kuxgray hair

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l

lawhat ?
lah? (cf. kay)
laha etitini patathey are pulling the log
lahan? (cf. nake)
laltrochus shell
lalapbig (things)
lalu he paxa-paxthey are staring at each other
lalu hilehil ani patathey (two) are fighting with sticks
lalu po ani hula letuthey (dl.) will eat taro tomorrow
lalu taputuputthey are punching each other
lamintornado, black funnel of wind
laŋ₁housefly
laŋ₂to sail
laŋa-laŋsailing
laŋ-a-wenwent sailing
laŋua large white fish, 5-6 feet in length
lapbig (cf. taŋa)
lapitinipinch
lascoral (limestone)
lato po ani hula letuthey (pl.) will eat taro tomorrow
lautito lift
lehtongue, leh-ok, leh-om, leh-on
leihokshallow water out to reef
leiliprep. inside
lekaleknauseated
lelendorsal fin
leŋeleŋangry; to fight, of animals
lepfishing net worked by two men with sticks (cp. upen)
letutomorrow
libamboos on sail
lialunbad
lihenits sail
lilhair louseclothes louse
liliewbanyan
lioyto throw away; to lose (as possessions)
lohfriend; loh-uk, loh-um, loh-un
lokjoint, lok-uk, lok-um, lok-un
lok i ae-kmy knee (lit. joint of my legfoot)
lok i minakknuckle (joint of my hand)
lokon o tike xixiWhen did you catch the fish?
lokon₁when?
lokon₂bay, aw lokon: curved bay
lokon₃node in bamboo, sugarcane
lolarollers for beaching a canoe (cp. holo)
lolodirty
loloento descend, to set, of the sun (cf. al₃)
lolomacrocodile (cp. hua)
luiburn
lultorch
luttongs

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m

ma₁direction marker, toward speaker
ma₂flying fish
maeluthin (things)
mahahclam, mahah wanen: sand clam (lit. clam true)
mahah wanensand clam (lit. clam true)
mahuyoung coconut while still about the size of a golfball (cf. apu, kiekin, poun, up)
makalokalonbald
makanripe
makanaanus
makiancold (food/weather)
mallaugh, smile
mali-mallaughing
mali-wenlaughed
malohkind of reef clam
maluncooked
mamamother
mama nãhĩ maMother, come!
mamahuaabout to heal (of a wound)
mamalawincleared ground in village
mamanahanwide
mamanularge unicornfish, about 36”
mamatafear, afraid
mamatit(cf. mau)
man₁banana
man₂black and white spotted stingray
manawright
manexuxbird
manexux e patul hoŋinthe bird is on top of the roof
manukanraw, uncooked
manumanto drift or be carried off by a current
mapusweat; mapu-ak, mapu-am, mapu-an
masaŋ? (cf. hon)
matdead
matanlidcover (lit. its eye)
mateprep. in front of
matisleep; mati-hũ-wen: slept
mauswelling breaking wave, 2 types: mau huohu, mau mamatit
maunrain cloud; sky
maunten(NG Pidgin): mountain
mawto yawn
maxblack fish about 18 inches long with knife-like projection near tail, probably a surgeon fish
maxaxayanbad-tasting
maxixsmall talay with a large head
maya₁men's sarong
maya₂papaya, pawpaw
meŋstory
metaoka medium-sized all white kulapo (fish), 2-2.5 feet in length
mimiurine, mimi mim: to urinate
minhand, min-ak, min-am, min-an
min a-kakoour (pl. incl.) hands
min a-kaluour (dl. incl.) hands
min a-lalutheir (dl.) hands
min a-latotheir (pl.) hands
min a-miliour (dl. excl.) hands
min a-miteour (pl. excl.) hands
min a-muluyour (dl.) hands
min a-mutoyour (pl.) hands
min-akmy hand
minak naxunmy hand is wounded
min-amyour hand
min-anhis/her/its hand
minuminunthorn
misiapgarbage
moiâhinliving [check â]
moloanpain, painful
momchicken
mondugout without outrigger for small boys
mosto land, descend (ladder)
motcounting classifier (coconut palms), te-mot uup: 1 tree, hũ-mot uup: 2 trees, tolu-mot uup: 3 trees
moxina shore tree: Casuarina equisetifolia
mutumutvomit

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n

nahatenlargest of sharks, 30-40 ft. in length
nahĩ kemakcome here!
nahĩ teletelhunt (lit. walk killing)
nahĩ teletelhunt (lit. walk killing); crush lice
nahĩ₁to work; na-nahĩ: working
nahĩ₂walk, go
nahĩ-macome
nãhĩ-macome
nakebecause
nake lahanwhy?
nake lahan John ani anak xixiwhy did John eat my fish?
naketito chew/lick
nalatnettle
nammosquito
nameahdeep lagoon w/out passage
namihinitry
namiloithink
nanpus, nan-ak, nan-am, nan-an
nan e puleye matter
nat₁child, nat-uk, nat-um, nat-un
nat₂latex-yielding tree w apple-like fruit
natiwatie a knot
natuk e hũhũaI have 2 children (lit. my children are two)
nawtall tree with yellow wood inside, used to make canoes – trees obtained from floating logs in the sea
nawalember
naxunwound
nemauxjungle, bush
niapmulti-pronged fish spear (cp. patahul, samen)
ninibee
nininto crawl
ninuwhite cowrie
niŋahisaw (cf. paxai)
nipewreddish-brown bush crab
nisteeth, nis-uk, nis-um, nis-un
nohstonefish
nonoicollect, as in firewood
nonoi salocollect firewood
nudive, submerge; nunu: swim
nuãnlow tide (cp. somun)
nuhĩwash (clothes, dishes, hands face) (cp. kikan)
nunuplargest kind of grouper, up to nine feet in length
nussmall squid without shell
nuxanlazy

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ŋ

ŋa1-singular
ŋa aniwen hula tihahI ate taro yesterday
ŋa aŋiaŋ hulaI am eating taro
ŋa etitini pataI am pulling the log
ŋa kotiwenI cut.
ŋa maliwenI laughed.
ŋa mamatawenI was afraid.
ŋa manuwenI drifted.
ŋa matihũwen tiletuI slept this morning
ŋa muneni penI am hiding the pen
ŋa mutuwenI vomited.
ŋa niŋahi John and Mary lalu pepexuxI saw the two, John and Mary at the beach.
ŋa niŋahi John pexuxI saw John at the beach.
ŋa paxai iI see him
ŋa po ani hula letuI will eat taro tomorrow
ŋa po paxai John letuI will see John tomorrow.
ŋa po unumi kani up letuI will drink the coconut water tomorrow.
ŋa taŋiwenI cried.
ŋa to-to AwinI live in Awin (lit. sitting in Awin)
ŋa unumiwen kan i up tihahI drank the coconut water yesterday.
ŋa unuun kan i upI am drinking coconut water.
ŋa xuxuI am fat (ŋa potopoton)
ŋainday
ŋaŋaŋfeces
ŋaxfinger, ŋax-ok, ŋax-om, ŋax-on
ŋax e minakfinger of my hand
ŋolknife
ŋol apuŋadze
ŋol polebush knife
ŋoŋto fly
ŋo-ŋoŋflying

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o

o2-singular pronoun
o ani laWhat did you eat?
o aniwen hula tihahyou ate taro yesterday
o aŋiaŋ hulayou are eating taro
o po ani hula letuyou will eat taro tomorrow
o tike kekia xixiHow did you catch the fish?
o tike xixi iaWhere did you catch the fish?
o xuxuyou are fat
ohunable to fit, as dogs trying to wriggle through a hole, a small shirt, etc.
ohashark
ohĩtfishing bait
ok₁counting classifier (pigs, fish, rope), t-ok pow: one pig, hũ-ok pow: 2 pigs, tolu-ok pow: 3 pigs, t-ok xixi: 1 fish, hũ-ok xixi: 2 fish, t-ok tal: 1 rope, hũ-ok tal: 2 ropes
ok₂a narrow-leafed pandanus
ol₁feather, ol-en
ol₂grandfather, grandchild, ol-ak, ol-am, ol-an
olawikwhite bird that flies low
omiominnarrow (as a road)
otohito break off, as a stick
owahfog, mist
oxekind of small tuna that reaches a length of one and a half to two feet

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p

palateral fin
pahdesire; pah-ak, pah-am, pah-an
paha lato ? aŋ hulayour (pl.) desire [is to] eat taro
pahak ŋa aŋ hulamy desire [is to] eat taro
paham o aŋ hulayour (sg.) desire [is to] eat taro
pahan i aŋ hulahis/her/its desire [is to] eat taro
pahatcoconut husk
paheâhiânnarrow-bodied grouper, 3-4.5 ft. [check â]
pahehasmall black sea bird with straight beak (smaller than paxak)
pahõagrass, kunai grass
pahonhandle of axe, adze
pakto sing, song; paku-pak: singing
pakalatgecko
pakapakshrimp
pakapakanpanaw fungus
pakatistick, adhere
palpigeon;
palawaflower (< Tok Pisin)
palayfew
palepalto float
paliahside of the island where sea doesnt break, leeward side (cf. taun)
paloŋashes
paloŋ e ahashes of [the] fire
panimfive, te-panim: 5 (1x5), hũo-panim: 10 (2x5)
paŋapaŋmoon
paonsweet
papafather (NG pidgin)
papa nãhĩmaFather come!
papahõimatoward
papawoars
papaxaxunwhite
parai(NG Pidgin): to fry
pathead, pat-uk, pat-um, pat-un
patatree
pata matendead wood
patahulone-pronged fish spear (cp. niap, samen)
patanawchest, patanaw-ak, patanaw-am, patanaw-an
pate i upmy coconut (general)
pate upcoconut tree
pateihundred, patei-tel: 100 (cf. tel)
pateitel(cf. patei)
patetuepareca palm
patiwplank
patulprep. on top of
patuxawa crab like alimaŋ, the mangrove crab
pa-units lateral fin; wing
pau-paunlight (weight)
paxbrace that runs along top of connecting sticks
paxaisee, look
paxai wa ilook at him!
paxaklarge black sea bird with straight beak (larger than paheha)
paxaŋoŋdream, talk in sleep
paxapaxsandfly
paxepaxendry/dry-up
paximalevolent bush spirit w visible human-like body (same as silal)
pehenbranch of tree, pehe pata
pekeunsand, ground
pelawishell, as of turtle
pelawi honturtle shell
peluhtree with white wood, used to make canoes
pen auk iemy pen [is] here
pen auk ienmy pen [is] there
pen auk iomy pen [is] there (not near hearer)
pepelencape, extreme point of an island
pepenahcataract of eye, pepenah-uk, pepenah-um, pepenah-un
pepepedefecate
pepexux(cf. pexux)
pesbreak wind
petetasweet potato (English loanword)
pexopexowink/blink
pexuxshore, beach; also, pepexux
piakusgreen and yellow hummingbird
pilehenitwist, twine
pilipiltiger shark
pilupilunspotted
piŋolehigh-pitched voice
pisamangrove
po i ahelong basket (5-6 ft.) carried along side of canoe to keep bait when fishing
po₁odor, po-uk, po-um, po-un
po₂coconut-leaf basket; large carryingstorage basket
po₃verbal particle
pokfoam
pole? (cf. ŋol)
polunblack; also polui
pomgreen seaweed that was once used to paint canoes–rubbed on side to give a greenish white color
ponaponswampy place
popside; pop-ok, kui pop-om, kui pop-on
pounmeat not yet formed
poun kohanstench (lit. its smell [is] rotten)
po-un lialun(lit. its smell [is] bad)
powpig
puhbubbles
puhĩsisback of the head, puhĩsis a-uk, puhĩsis a-um, puhĩsis a-un
puhĩsis aukback of my head
puhũintestines; core, hollow in tree, puhũ-ak, puhũ-am, puhũ-an
puhuŋprep. behind
puketo spit, puke-ak, puke-am, puke-an
puleye, pul-ak, pul-am, pul-an
pula xablind
pulaimend, repair
puli xixieye of a fish
pulilspider
pulohiniwado not tell it
pulusmall to medium sized puffer fish with small thorns
punlarge flat white fish that lives in deep water beyond the reef
puoultermite
pupreef fish with one large thorn on back and several by tail, good to eat
puputafalse, lie
pusoantired
put₁navel, put-ok, put-om, put-on
putafall
putaputfall (from a height)
putawenalready fallen
puta-wenalready fallen
puxuxclothing

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s

sa?36” greenish fish with projecting lower jaw and all-white belly
sahawasea urchin
sal(cf. aw)
salaimatold (animates)
salancorrect, true
salekcooking pot
salekiboil in a pot
saliliwenaway from
salo i ahfirewood, (lit. wood of/for fire)
samenpronged fish spear (cf. niap, patahul)
saŋaisplit
saŋasaŋtwin, fruit that is joined together
saŋasaŋanfork of branch, crotch, space between fingers
sapalikanplacenta
sapoxencoconut inflorescence
sasasaleto rise, of the sun (cf. al₃)
sasawitneedle
sawisawinsmooth, level, straight
sawitito sew
saxe iŋwall
seilonperson; 20
seilon hinalo40
seilon hinalo80 (four people)
seilon hinalo hũopanim90 (four people and two hands)
seilon hũhũa40 (two people)
seilon hũhũa hũopanim50 (two people and two hands)
seilon tel20 (one person)
seilon te-l20 (one person)
seilon tel hũopanim30 (one person and two hands)
seilon tepanim50
seilon tepanim hinalo90
seilon tepanim hũhũa70
seilon tepanim or patei-tel100 (five people or ‘one patei, where patei is unglossed)
seilon tepanim tel60
seilon tepanim tolu80
seilon tolu30
seilon tolu60 (three people)
seilon tolu hũopanim70 (three people and two hands)
seilon weluweluntall person
seini₁to jerk back
seini₂to plant
seyto divide
silconnecting sticks that run along top of sail
silalmalevolent bush spirit w visible human-like body
silisilkind of tuna – about 2.5-3 feet with yellowish stripe on sides
simiwrap fish or meat in leaves (and put on fire)
sineanoose trap
sinendog
sinen e mate iŋthe dog is in front of the house
sinen e mate iŋthe dog is in front of the house
sinen e puhuŋ iŋthe dog is behind the house
sinen kikiliwaw hani i taxthe dog is running toward the sea
sinen kikiliwaw hani nemauxthe dog is running toward the bush
sinen kikiliwaw papahõima kako/amitethe dog is running toward us (1 pl. incl./excl.)
sinen kikiliwaw saliliwen kako/amitethe dog is running away from us
sinubroad-leafed pandanus
siŋilenpandanus rain cape
siotacapsize (cp. haŋga, kaluŋa)
siwisiwblack hummingbird
sohenter
sohoâtto appear [check â]
sohutipluck, pull out; to weed
sokbody hair, sok-ek, sok-em, sok-en
soke axekmy beard (lit. hair of my jaw)
soke minakhair [on] my arm
soleahmarlin/swordfish
soliangood
solisoltidal wave
somunhigh tide (cp. mat, nũãn)
sososmall white shelled reef clam
sowsacanoe platform
sucoconut flower spathe
suhusuhconch
suisuinito bark
suiwãwãwgiant (shelled) squid
sulinipush, su-sulini: pushing
suolew6-6.5 ft. mullet, stays in schools
supulantaro sucker
susbreast, sus-uk, sus-um, sus-un
susuisuck at the breast, sucking
sutudeaf, mute
suuppearl

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t

tahbelt; tah-ak, tah-am, tah-an
tahaicut, as to cut oneself shaving (cp. tahatahan: tatoo)
tahatahantatoo (cp. tahai)
tahĩwidigging stick
tahuloIs it deep? tahulo: (yes) It is deep
tahulo(an)deep
tahuloayan ŋa kum meiliIt is too deep for us to reach it
tahuni xixito smoke fish
tai₁draw, write
tai₂husk coconuts
takahbe born
talrope, string, vine
talesiwrong, in error
talilterminalia catappa
taliopcheek, taliop-ak, taliop-am, taliop-an
taloinvisible spirit thought to be resident in big trees such as the banyan
taloianquick (cf. kosenan)
talolothin (animate)
talomito make, build (cf. aile)
tamfather, tam-ak, tam-am, tam-an
tanihlargest kind of unicorn fish
tanihinihSpanish Mackerel
taŋweep
taŋafinger
taŋa-kollittle finger, pinky
taŋa-lapthumb
taŋi-taŋcrying
taŋi-wencried, wept
taohsleeping mat
tapno, none
tap axoanwidow, widower (lit. no spouse)
tapahĩslap
tapanenough (cf. apeien)
tapeinanlast
tapoento finish
tapuhĩstab
taputuihit with fist
taputu-putpunching, reciprocal
tasto cough
tasimito sharpen bamboo, etc., cutting it to a fine point
tasutassnot
taunside of the island where the sea breaks
tawisaeanmorning/evening star
taxsalt, kan i tax: salty water, seawater (tax does not occur alone); taxian: salty (cp. kan)
taxian(cp. tax)
taxiŋear, taxiŋ-ak, taxiŋ-am, taxiŋ-an
taxiŋ i paximushroom (lit. ear of tambaran)
taxitaxiamad, insane
taxixto drown
teone, te-hu: one (general), te-panim: 5 (1x5)
teathat
tea ien e pen aukthat is my pen
tea pata1 tree
tehĩtback, tehĩt-ok, tehĩt-om, tehĩt-on
tehot ah ape i axuthe fire is going to make smoke
tehot ah pate ape axuanthe fire is really smoking
tehuone (cp.hu)
tehu iŋ1 house
tekaone bunch (cp. tehu)
teka kay pata1 leaf
teka tuep1 bunch of betel
telone (cp. te)
tel akaik1 child
teleito kill
teleiwakill it
tele-telkilling
temot uup1 tree
teŋenicatch (cp. tike)
tepanimfive (cp. panim)
tepanim akaik5 children
tepanim hinalonine
tepanim hinalo akaik9 children
tepanim hinalo pow9 pigs
tepanim hũa pata7 trees, etc.
tepanim hũhũa akaik7 children
tepanim hũohuseven
tepanim hũok pow7 pigs
tepanim kay pata5 leaves, etc.
tepanim pata5 trees
tepanim pow5 pigs
tepanim tea pata6 trees
tepanim tehusix
tepanim tehusix
tepanim te-l akaik6 children
tepanim tok pow6 pigs
tepanim tolu akaik8 children
tepanim toluhueight
tepanim toluhueight
tepanim toluok pow8 pigs
tepanim uup5 trees, etc.
tepaunhalf
tetpossesive classifier, tet-ak, tet-am, tet-an (general)
tetak upmy coconut
teteathis
tetea e pen aukthis is my pen
tetea e pen auk (or pen auk tetea)this is my pen
ti₁abdomen, ti-ak, ti-am, ti-an
ti₂barbelled fish ~ 12”, white and yellow
tihahyesterday
tihĩpour
tikecatch, as to catch fish (cp. teŋeni)
tiletuthis morning
tiloicall to, hail
tilokoandark
tin₁body; tin-uk, tin-um, tin-un
tin₂mother, tin-ak, tin-am, tin-an
tinun₁fever
tinun₂sick
tioiknow things, be expert recognize
tiotivery large (4-5 ft.) barbelled fish
tisisap, cream
tisi ulbreadfruit sap
tisi upcoconut cream
tisiulbirdline
tiwsideboard in mid-section of canoe
tiwaxagiant black eel, big as a coconut tree
tixiŋaspill
to₁kula
to₂to sit down
toa ienSit down there!
to-a ienSit down there!
toanvillage
tohẽtohẽa
toheâa(cp. toheâ) [check â]
toheni(cp. toheâ)
tok pow1 pig
tok tal1 rope
tok xixi1 fish
tolanorth wind
tolomito swallow
tolu akaik3 children
tolua pata3 trees
toluhuthree (cf. hu)
toluka kay pata3 leaves
tolumot uup3 trees
toluok pow3 pigs
tonekitchen
tone hunayay anhearth (lit. place cook food)
toptree with light wood used for fishnet floats obtained from logs that wash ashore
topeupper part
tope ae-kmy thigh
topiwsugarcane; chewable
totostay, abide, brace (cp. to)
to-tositting, seated
totonbrace for canoe sticks
to-towithrowing
tounconvex-curved stretch of shoreline
towithrow
towi-wathrow it
toxgrayish black mud found on floating logs that can be hardened in the sun and used to sharpen knives
tu₁sister, tu-ak, tu-am, tu-an
tu₂to stand
tuastand up!
tu-aStand up!
tuak hapumy big sister (cp. tu, hapu)
tuak kokolmy little sister (cp. tu, kokol)
tuepbetel nut
tumiawlip, tumiaw-ak, tumiaw-am, tumiaw-an
tumisusnipple
tumũkudull—point/blade
tuneel with red ear-like appendages similar to a rats ear
tuxeremove the guts of a fish

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u

uhlobster
uhiblow on the fire
uhõfallow
uhõ i kinfallow land
ukhead hair, uk-uk, uk-um, uk-un
ukalbrother, ukal-ak, ukal-am, ukal-an
ukalak hapu(cf. ukal, hapu)
ukalak hapumy big brother
ukal-ak hapumy big brother
ukalak kokolmy little brother
ukale tinak(cf. ukal, tin)
ukale tin-akmy mothers brother
ukenshell (coconut, shellfish)
ukigourd
uki waplime gourd
ul₁skin; uli-in its skin
ul₂breadfruit
ul₃maggot
uli(cp. ul)
uli patatree bark
uli powanimal skin
uli ti-akmy abdomen (lit. skin of my abdomen)
uli tinukmy body (lit. skin of my body)
uli tin-ukmy body, uli tin-um, uli tin-un
uliletuearly morning
uliuside boards at front and back of canoe
uliul24” unicornfish with long poisonous projection
uluhito shave
ululuŋpillowwooden headrest, to rest the head, ululuŋ-ak, ululuŋ-am, ululuŋ-a, nululuŋ akako
ulutipeel yams
umearth oven
undrink
unum(cf. un)
unum-ak kan i up ienmy coconut water to drink
unumi-wendrank
ununlarge puffer fish with strong thorns, good to eat
unu-undrinking
fish scales, uŋ-an: its fish scales
uŋouŋblack ant
upcoconut
up a-ukmy coconut (general)
upatiuntie
upaupflap the wings
upencasting net (cp. lep, NG Pidgin umben)
upiasearch, find, seek lice
upupstingray with blunt thorns running down spine
usillightning
usuhrat
utpenis, ut-ik, ut-im, ut-in
utuhifetch water, submerge to fill with water
utuutcorner
uxshelled coconut, ux-ak, ux-am, ux-an
ux-ak topiwmy shelled coconut (to chew)
uxanito load, as cargo
uxeŋanitch
uxidolphin

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w

wa₁spine; vein; tendon; wa-ok, wa-om, wa-on
wa₂outrigger canoe, boat
wa₃direction marker, away from speaker
wããtearthworm
wah₁shoulder, wah-ek, wah-em, wah-en
wah₂3-3.5 ft. small brownish grouper with thick body
wahẽtaproot
wahẽ kay lahbetel pepper
wahẽ pahõagrassroots
wahẽ patataproot of a tree
waheniwant, desire
waiwawfish hook
wakiakinsoft
wako2 ft. kulapo, white with a little blue on back
wakoticut grass
waku i pataseed of a tree
waku₁seed
waku₂testicle, waku-ek, waku-em, waku-en
waku-enits seed
walhole (in the ground) (cp. wawan)
walalsmall barbelled fish-white with black spots
wãluãiabscess
walutlarge dove with dark blue and green feathers
wanentrue, genuine
waŋiŋiansour
waplime
wasolpassage through reef (cp. aweisal)
wasuiniblow the nose
watmonitor lizard
wãtsneeze
watilrotten (wood), watil-an
wãtu-wãtsneezing
wauhgiant clam
waunweb
waun i pulilweb of spider (cp. pulil)
waun-units web
wawan₁hole (in a canoe) (cp. wal)
wawan₂male, man
waxcane, wax-uk, wax-um, wax-un
waxsmall rattan
waxablack wild fowl
waxexanwet
wehiâohsmall white beach crab that runs fast along the sand, probably ghost crab [check â]
weikosnake or sea snake
weiko e ahitake hatthe snake is under the stone
weixnose, weix-uk, weix-um, weix-un
wekaneel
wekan papaxaxunsmall white eel
welcoconut oil (NG Pidgin)
welialways
weli kakaktalkative (lit. always talking)
weluwelunlong
wenpast tense
wetahĩopen eyes wide
wexecount
wifat (n.), wi-ak, wi-am, wi-an
witoctopus
wowokparasitical plant with small green flower that later turns red, grows on trees

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x

xaihit with a stick
xam e alshimmer, glare on water
xam₁outrigger float
xam₂light
xamespatula
xame alshimmer, glare on water
xame waplime spatula
xangills
xaŋatget up from sleep, wake-up
xaohhammerhead shark
xaokheron
xauŋsmall green crab that rides floating logs, stays on rocks and logs on beach.
xauxauanfar
xawstone fish corral
xaxared tree ant
xaxepuleyebrow, xaxepul-ak, xaxepul-am, xaxepul-an
xayothick-bodied barracuda
xewanclear as water
xexexelegrowing
xiotibind, tie by wrapping around
xixi leili pothe fish are inside the basket
xixi₁muscle, flesh, xixi-ok, xixi-om, xixi-on
xixi₂fish
xohgums, xoh-ek, xoh-em, xoh-en
xoixohinnear
xoxeipaddle (cp. hox)
xudugong
xunsoup
xuŋelarge greenish fish with white belly, chases small talay
xuxplace
xuxufat (adj.)
xuxuinasteal, thief

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y

yaxbeginning budding of fruit on a plant,
yaxi-wenhaving already borne fruit

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