updated: 3/23/2019

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ʻŌlelo Noʻeau - Concordance


1. n. port, harbor, cove; channel or passage, as through a reef.
2. s. A harbor; a landing place; an entrance between two reefs; he awa o Kou ma Oahu, he awa ku moku; he nui na awa hookomo waa, there is the harbor of Kou on Oahu where ships anchor.
3. n. milkfish (Chanos chanos). Stages of growth are pua awa (puawa), young; awa ʻaua, medium size; awa, commercial size; awa kalamoho, very large.
4. A species of fish.
5. n. port, as in a computer.
6. v. To converse earnestly.
7. s. Name of a plant, of a bitter acrid taste, from which an intoxicating drink is made.
8. The name of the liquor itself expressed from the root of the plant; the drinking of awa causes the skin to crack and flake off for a time; i ka manawa e inu ai kekahi i ka awa, he maikai kona ili ke nana aku; a mahope, mahuna ka ili, nakaka, puehoeho, inoino loa ke nana aku.
9. n. the kava (Piper methysticum), a shrub 1.2 to 3.5 m tall with green jointed stems and heart-shaped leaves, native to Pacific islands, the root being the source of a narcotic drink of the same name used in ceremonies (Neal 291), prepared formerly by chewing, later by pounding. The comminuted particles were mixed with water and strained, When drunk to excess it caused drowsiness and, rarely, scaliness of the skin and bloodshot eyes. Kava was also used medicinally.
10. Bitterness, from the name of the plant.
11. vs. sour, bitter, poisonous.
12. s. Fine rain; mist; he ua awa, ma ka mauna ia ua.
13. n. cold mountain rain, fog, mist; to rain or mist. fig., tragic misfortune or ordeal; in PH this word is preceded by ke and may refer to volcanic eruption:
14. n. a premature infant, believed caused by a "sour" condition of the mother.
15. n. a kind of bitter seaweed.


246ʻAwa kau lāʻau o Puna.Tree-growing ʻawa of Puna.
 [Tree-grown ʻawa of Puna was famous for its potency. It was believed that birds carried pieces of ʻawa up into the trees where it would grow.]
275E hānai ʻawa a ikaika ka makani.Feed with ʻawa that the spirit may gain strength.
 [One offers ʻawa and prayers to the dead so that their spirits may grow strong and be a source of help to the family.]
775He lupe lele a pulu i ka ua ʻawa.A kite that flies till it is dampened by icy cold raindrops.
 [Said of a person whose station has risen very high.]
968He waha ʻawa.Sour-mouthed.
 [Said when a person wishes trouble on another, and the trouble comes.]
1281Ka ʻawa lena o Kaliʻu.The yellowed ʻawa of Kaliʻu.
 [Refers to Kaliʻu, Kilohana, Kauaʻi. People noticed drunken rats in the forest and discovered some very potent ʻawa there. There is a Kaliʻu in Puna, Hawaiʻi, where good ʻawa is also grown.]
1456Ka makani ʻawa o Leleiwi.The cold wind of Leleiwi.
 [Refers to Leleiwi Point in Hilo district.]
1549Ka ua ʻAwa o Kīlauea.The ʻAwa rain of Kīlauea.
 [The ʻAwa is a bitterly cold rain of ʻŌlaʻa and Kilauea, Hawaiʻi.]
2598Paoa ka lawaiʻa i ka ʻōlelo ʻia o ka ʻawa.Unlucky is fishing when ʻawa is discussed.
 [ʻAwa (kava) also means “bitterness.”]
2744Puna, ʻāina ʻawa lau o ka manu.Puna, land of the leafed ʻawa planted by the birds.
2774Ua ʻawa ka luna o Uwēkahuna.Bitterly cold are the heights of Uwēkahuna.
 [Said of the wrath of a chief. From a chant by Lohiʻau when he saw the wrath of Pele as she sought to destroy him.]

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