updated: 3/23/2019

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ʻŌlelo Noʻeau - Concordance

a

a
1. prep. of, acquired by. This a forms part of the possessives, as in kaʻu, mine, and kāna, his.
2. abbreviation of ʻākau, north, as in surveying reports.
3. and, when, until, to, etc.
4. s. The jawbone; the cheek bone. Hal. 3:7. A luna, upper jaw; a lalo, lower jaw.
5. s. The name of an instrument made of smooth bone, and used formerly for piercing or killing an unborn child. It was called the a oo, the piercing a; also a koholua. see koholua.
6. s. Name of the white spots that appear in poi when pounding;
7. adv. When; then; there; until. With verbs in a narrative tense, it signifies when, and when, &c.; as, a hiki mai ia, when he arrived. With nei it signifies a designation of place, as mai a nei aku, from here (this place) onward. Until, as noho oia malaila a make, he lived there until he died. NOTE.—A nei is often written as one word, and then it signifies here, present place. A when pronounced with a protracted sound, signifies a protracted period of time, or distance, or a long continued action; as, holo ae la ia aa hiki i ka aina kahiki, he sailed a long time (or a long distance) until he reached a foreign country.
8. conj. And; and then; and when. When it connects verbs, it usually stands by itself; as, holo ka waa, a komo iho, the canoe sailed and sank. When it connects nouns, it is usually joined with me; as, haawi mai oia i ka ai a me ke kapa, he furnished food and clothing. A with me signifies and, and also, besides, together with, &c. When emphatic, it is merely a disjunctive. Lunk. 6:39. NOTE.—In narration, it frequently stands at the beginning of sentences or paragraphs, and merely refers to what has been said, without any very close connection with it. In many cases, it is apparently euphonic, or seems to answer no purpose, except as a preparatory sound to something that may follow; as, akahi no oukou a hele i keia ala, never before have you passed this road. Gram. § 166.
9. prep. Of; to; in connection with motion, e hoi oe a ka hale, return to the house, (hiki i) understood. Laieik. 12. Unto; at; belonging. It designates the properties of relation, possession and place; and is often synonymous with o, but more generally distinct, giving another shade of meaning and implying a more close connection. Gram. § 69, 3.
10. conj., prep.
  • when, at the time when,
  • until, to, as far as,
  • and,
  • and then,
  • or (rare),
  • but
    (usually preceding verbs, whereas a me usually precedes nouns;
    ā may also connect words translated by English adjectives, as
      he poʻe kuli ā ʻāʻā, a people deaf and dumb;
      nani ā pumehana kēia kakahiaka, this morning is beautiful and warm).
    ā also connects verb + noun compounds: see ʻai ā manō, holoāiʻa.
    prolonged ā may designate a protracted period of time or distance, a long continued action, or emphasis.

11. v. To burn, as a fire; ua a mai ke ahi, the fire burns; ua a mai ke ahi ma ka waha. the fire burned in their mouths.
12. To burn, as a lamp; to blaze, as a flame.
13. fig. To burn, as jealousy. Hal. 79:5. As anger. Nah. 11:1.
14. Hoo or ho. To cause to burn, i. e., to kindle; to light, as a lamp; to kindle, as a fire. Also with ho doubled, as hohoa, to dry; na hua i hohoa ia, dried fruits. Oihk. 2:14. see the reduplicate form aa and Hoo. Gram. § 212.
15. adj. Fiery; burning; he lua a, a fiery pit.
16. s. Name of broken lava from the volcano; probably so called from being burnt. see A, v. Ke a o Kaniku a me Napuuapele.
17. s. Name of a large sea bird often caught by natives; also called aaianuheakane, feathers white.
18. s. Name of a small fish that bites at a hook; called also aakimakau.
19. int. Lo; behold. It is expressive of surprise, disappointment, astonishment or admiration. It is similar in meaning to aia hoi, eia hoi, aia ka.
20. in Hawaiian, as in most other languages, is the first letter of the alphabet; because, if pronounced open as a in father, it is the simplest and easiest of all sounds. Encye. Amer. Its sound, in Hawaiian, is generally that of a in father, ask, pant, &c.; but it has, sometimes, when standing before the consonants k, l, m, n, and p, a short sound, somewhat resembling the short u, as in mutter, but not so short. Thus paka, malimali, lama, mana, napenape, are pronounced somewhat as we should pronounce pukka, mullymully, lumma, munna, nuppynuppy, &c.; reference being had only to the first vowel of each word. It has also in a few words a sound nearly resembling (but not so strong) that of au or aw in English; as iwaho, mawaho, pronounced somewhat as iwauho, mawauho. To foreigners who merely read the language, the common pronunciation of a as in father is near enough for all practical purposes; but to those who wish to speak it, the mouth of a Hawaiian is the best directory.
21. is used for various parts of speech, and, of course, has various significations;
22. s. Name of the Hawaiian alphabet; also the first sheet on which it was printed.

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3A ʻai ka manu i luna.The birds feed above.
 [An attractive person is compared to a flower-laden tree that attracts birds.]
4A aloha wale ʻia kā hoʻi o Kaunuohua, he puʻu wale nō.Even Kaunuohua, a hill, is loved.
 [If a hill can be loved, how much more so a human?]
9A hewa no he hale kanaka, ʻaʻohe hewa o ka hale kanaka ʻole.Fault can he found in an inhabited house and none in an uninhabited one.
 [Mistakes and weakness are always found in humanity.]
10A hīkapalalē, hinolue o walawala ki pohā!This is what the Hawaiians thought the first white men to visit the islands said.
 [It is untranslatable gibberish repeated with laughter when one is told something utterly incomprehensible.]
11A hua a pane; a pane ka waha, he hoʻolono ko neʻi.A word in reply; open the mouth and speak, for a listener is here.
 [A command to speak up and tell what one has come for. Used in hoʻopāpā riddling.]
12Ahu a lālā kukui.The kukui branches lay about in heaps.
 [Strewn about in every direction. An expression that refers to an untidy place or the strewing of dead bodies after a battle.]
23Aia a kau ka iʻa i ka waʻa, manaʻo ke ola.One can think of life after the fish is in the canoe.
 [Before one feels elated and makes plans he should first secure his “fish.”]
30Aia a ola hou ʻo Kupanea.When Kupanea comes to life again.
 [When Kupanea died, Kaona, a false prophet who lived during the reign of Kamehameha III, suggested that the family leave him unburied and that Kaona’s prayers would restore the corpse to life again. Instead Kupanea’s corpse became decomposed and had to be buried. Thus, this humorous saying — meaning never! — came into being.]
31Aia a paʻi ʻia ka maka, haʻi ʻia kupuna nāna ʻoe.Only when your face is slapped should you tell who your ancestors are.
 [Hawaiians were taught never to boast of illustrious ancestors. But when one is slandered and called an offspring of worthless people, he should mention his ancestors to prove that the statement is wrong.]
32Aia a pohā ka leo o ka ʻaʻo, kāpule ke momona o ka ʻuwaʻu i ka puapua.When the ʻaʻo birds’ voices are distinctly heard, the ʻuwaʻu birds are fat even to the very tails.
 [The ʻao bird was not heard during the nesting season. When the fledglings emerged and their cries were heard, the season had come when young ʻuwaʻu were best for eating, and the people went to snare them.]
33Aia a wela ke poʻo o ke keiki i ka lā.When the head of the child is warmed by the sun.
 [When he is old enough to toddle or creep by himself into the sunlight.]
34Aia a wini kākala, a ʻula ka lepe o ka moa, a laila kau i ka haka.When the spur is sharp and the comb red, then shall the cock rest on a perch.
 [When a boy becomes a man, then shall he take a mate.]
45Aia i ke au a ka hewahewa.Gone on a crazy current.
 [Gone on his own wandering way.]
52Aia ka ʻike iā Polihua a lei i ka mānewanewa.One proves a visit to Polihua by wearing a lei of mānewanewa.
 [A person proves his visit to a place by bringing back something native to the area. Refers to Polihua, Lānaʻi.]
64ʻAi a manō, ʻaʻohe nānā i kumu pali.When the shark eats, he never troubles to look toward the foot of the cliff.
 [Said of a person who eats voraciously with no thought of those who provided the food, shows no appreciation for what has been done for him, nor has a care for the morrow.]
68Aia nō i ke au a ka wāwae.Whichever current the feet go in.
 [It was felt that discussing any business such as fishing or birdcatching before-hand results in failure.]
69Aia nō i ke kō a ke au.Whichever way the current goes.
 [Time will tell.]
75ʻAi a puʻu ka nuku.Eat till the lips protrude.
 [Eat until one can take no more.]
85ʻAi nō ka ʻiole a haʻalele i kona kūkae.A rat eats, then leaves its droppings.
 [Said of an ungrateful person.]
86ʻAi nō ke kōlea a momona hoʻi i Kahiki.The plover eats until fat, then returns to the land from which it came.
 [Said of a foreigner who comes to Hawaiʻi, makes money, and departs to his homeland to enjoy his wealth.]
88ʻAi puaʻa a Kukeawe.The pork-eating of Kukeawe.
 [Said of a person who is not satisfied with the number of his own pigs and so robs his neighbors of theirs. Kukeawe was a friend of Kahekili who was allowed to help himself to any of Kahekili’s pigs in Kula, Maui. But Kukeawe also took the pigs belonging to the people of Kula, Honuaʻula, and Kahikinui and plundered their possessions. These people rose in rebellion, led by ʻOpū, and surprised the followers of Kukeawe while they were ascending Haleakalā on the way to Kula. Kukeawe’s party retreated but found their way blocked by other parties led by Kawehena, Kahoʻoluhina, and Kuheana. Kukeawe was killed and his body set up at Palauea for all to see.]
90ʻAkahi a komo ke anu iaʻu, ua nahā ka hale e malu ai.Cold now penetrates me, for the house that shelters is broken.
 [Fear enters when protection is gone. Said by ʻAikanaka of Kauaʻi when two of his war leaders were destroyed by Kawelo.]
91ʻAkahi au a ʻike i ka ʻino o Hilo.It is the first time I have seen a Hilo storm.
 [For the first time I have met with evil people who wish to harm me.]
97A ka lae o Kalaʻau, pau ka pono o Kakina.After Kalaʻau Point is passed, the virtues taught by Thurston end.
 [So sang a girl after leaving Thurston’s missionary school. After sailing past Molokaʻi on her way home to Honolulu, she resolved to forget his teachings and have her fling. Used today to refer to anything that will not work or cannot be used.]
98A Keaʻau holo ka ʻōlohelohe.At Keaʻau ran the naked one.
 [Said of a state of destitution; to have nothing. A play on ʻau (swim) and ʻōlohelohe (naked).]
100Ako ʻē ka hale a paʻa, a i ke komo ʻana mai o ka hoʻoilo, ʻaʻole e kulu i ka ua o Hilinehu.Thatch the house beforehand so when winter comes it will not leak in the shower of Hilinehu.
 [Do not procrastinate; make preparations for the future now.]
101ʻĀko Nuʻuanu i ka hālau loa a ka makani; ʻāko Mānoa i ka hale a ke ʻehu.Gathered in Nuuanu is the longhouse of the wind; gathered in Mānoa is the house of rainy sprays.
111A! Like akula me ke kāmaʻa o Keawe.Ah! Like Keawe’s sandals.
 [Said of a forgetful person who looks everywhere and then finds the article at hand. Keawe and his servant once went to Kaʻū by canoe and then traveled upland from Kalae. When they came to a small stretch of lava rocks, Keawe wanted his sandals. The servant looked at his empty hands and asked the chief to wait while he ran back to see if he had dropped them along the way. The servant met some travelers and asked if they had by any chance seen the chief’s sandals. They pointed to his chest. He had tied them together with a string and was wearing them around his neck.]
112A! Loaʻa akula iā ʻoe nā niu o Kaunalewa.Ah! Now you have the coconuts of Kaunalewa.
 [Your worldly possessions are gone. An impolite saying with a play on Kau-nā-lewa (Hang-suspended), as if to say, “Now all you have is a hanging scrotum.” Kaunalewa was a famous coconut grove on Kauaʻi.]
121A nui mai ke kai o Waialua, moe pupuʻu o Kalena i Haleʻauʻau.When the sea is rough at Waialua, Kalena curls up to sleep in Haleʻauʻau.
 [Applied to a person who prefers to sleep instead of doing chores. A play on lena (lazy), in Kalena, who was a fisherman, and hale (house) in Haleʻauʻau.]
138ʻAʻohe hale i piha i ka hoihoi; hāʻawi mai a lawe aku nō.No house has a perpetual welcome; it is given and it is taken away.
 [A warning not to wear out one’s welcome.]
139ʻAʻohe hana a Kauhikoa; ua kau ka waʻa i ke ʻaki.Kauhikoa has nothing more to do; his canoe is resting on the block.
 [His work is all done.]
140ʻAʻohe hana a Kauhikoa, ua kau ke poʻo i ka uluna.Kauhikoa has nothing more to do but rest his head on the pillow.
 [Everything is done and one can take his ease. Kauhikoa, a native of Kohala, was a clever person who could quickly accomplish what others would take months to do.]
148ʻAʻohe ʻike wale iho iā Maliʻo, i ka huhuki laweau a Uwēkahuna.Malio is not recognized because Uwēkahuna is drawing her away.
 [Said of one who refuses to recognize old friends and associates or is snubbed by friends because they have interests elsewhere. Maliʻo was a mythical woman of Puna whom Pele once snubbed. Uwēkahuna is the bluff overlooking the crater of Kīlauea.]
157ʻAʻohe kahe o ka hou i ka ʻōʻō kōhi paʻōʻō a kamaliʻi.With the digging implement used by children to dig up leftover potatoes, no perspiration is shed.
 [Said of a task requiring little elfort.]
162ʻAʻohe kana mai o ka holo o ka lio ia Hanalē; pākahi a ka lio, pālua a ka lio.How Henry made the horses run; one on a horse or two on a horse.
 [How hunger (Henry) made the fingers work in conveying poi to the mouth — with one fmger and with two.]
174ʻAʻohe loa i ka hana a ke aloha.Distance is ignored by love.
185ʻAʻohe mea ʻimi a ka maka.Nothing more for the eyes to search for.
 [Everything one desires is in his presence.]
197ʻAʻohe o kahi nānā o luna o ka pali; iho mai a lalo nei; ʻike i ke au nui ke au iki, he alo a he alo.The top of the cliff isnt the place to look at us; come down here and learn of the big and little current, face to face.
 [Learn the details. Also, an invitation to discuss something. Said by Pele to Pāʻoa when he came to seek the lava-encased remains of his friend Lohiʻau.]
201ʻAʻohe pahuna ihe hala a ka Maluakele.The Maluakele wind never misses with its spear-like thrusts.
 [Said in praise of one who always gets what he is after.]
223ʻAʻole e kū ka ikaika i kēia pakela nui; ke pōʻai mai nei ka ʻohu ma uka, ma kai, ma ʻō a ma ʻaneʻi.One cannot show his strength against such odds; the rain clouds are circling from the upland, the lowland, and from all sides.
 [Said by Maheleana, a warrior of Kualiʻi, when he saw his small company surrounded by the enemy.]
235ʻAuhea nō hoʻi kou kanaka uʻi a ʻimi ʻoe i wahine nāu?Why is it that you do not show how handsome you are by seeking your own woman ?
 [A woman might say, under the same circumstances, “ʻAuhea nō hoʻi kou wahine uʻi a ʻimi ʻoe i kāne nau?’]
241A ʻula! Kolekole!Red! Red exposed!
 [Said while drawing down the lid of the eye in contempt. Also, a vulgar expression arising from the following story: On Hawaiʻi lived a man who was dim-sighted but not entirely blind, though he liked to pretend to be so. One day, two women saw him coming with a friend, and one said to the other, “One of those men can see, and the other is not as blind as he pretends to be.” Her companion disagreed. “I am sure he is blind,” she said. Then the first woman replied, “I will expose myself and we shall see.” When the men drew near, the woman sat down and facing the “blind” man, exposed herself. He looked and exclaimed, “A ‘ula! Kolekole!” Because of this, his friend and the two women knew that he was not totally blind.]
244A waho au o ka poe pele, pau kou palena e ka hoa.After I’ve passed the bell buoy, your limit is reached, my dear.
 [A sailor’s saying used in an old hula song. When the ship passes the bell buoy on its way out to sea, the girl on the shore is forgotten.]
248E aha ʻia ana o Hakipuʻu i ka palaoa lāwalu ʻono a Kaʻehu?What is happening to Hakipuu, with dough cooked in ti leaves, of which Kaehu is so fond?
 [This is a line of a chant composed by Kaʻehu, a poet and hula instructor from Kauaʻi. It refers to a part-white woman with whom he flirted. Used in humor when referring to Hakipuʻu, a place on the windward side of Oʻahu.]
253E akahele i ka mamo a ʻĪ, o kolo mai ka mole uaua.Beware the descendant of ʻĪ, lest the tough roots crawl forth.
 [A warning uttered by Palena, a chief of Kohala, who saw Kuaʻana-a-ʻĪ cruelly treated by the chiefs of Kona. Kuaʻana later went to see the people of his mother, Hoʻoleialiʻi, in Hāna, and to help the chiefs of Hilo in fighting those of Kona.]
263E ʻao lūʻau a kualima.Offer young taro leaves to the gods five times.
 [Advice to one who has erred and wishes to rectify his mistake. Young taro leaves often were substituted for pigs when making an offering to the gods. To remove sickness of mind or body, one made five separate offerings of young taro leaves.]
267E ʻau mālie i ke kai pāpaʻu, o pakī ka wai a pula ka maka.Swim quietly in shallow water lest it splash into the eyes.
 [A cautioning to go carefully where one isn’t sure of conditions.]
271E hahai ana nō ke kolekole i kahi nui a ka wahie, a e hahai ana no ke ʻino i kahi nui o ka paʻakai.Underdone meat follows along even where wood is plentiful, and decomposition follows along even where much salt is found.
 [Even where good is found, evil creeps in.]
272ʻEha i ka ʻeha lima ʻole a ke aloha.He is smitten by love, with a pain administered without hands.
 [He is deeply in love.]
275E hānai ʻawa a ikaika ka makani.Feed with ʻawa that the spirit may gain strength.
 [One offers ʻawa and prayers to the dead so that their spirits may grow strong and be a source of help to the family.]
276E hana mua a paʻa ke kahua ma mua o ke aʻo ana aku iā haʻi.Build yourself a firm foundation before teaching others.
277E hea i ke kanaka e komo ma loko e hānai ai a hewa ka waha.Call to the person to enter; feed him until he can take no more.
 [Originally a reply to a password into a hula school. Used later in songs and in speech to extend hospitality.]
278E hele aku ana i ka māla a Kamehameha, o Kuahewa.The proportion is reaching the size of Kuahewa, Kamehameha’s food patch.
 [The project is becoming too big. Kamehameha’s food patch was so huge that one border could not be seen from the other.]
280E hele ka ʻelemakule, ka luahine, a me nā kamaliʻi a moe i ke ala ʻaʻohe mea nāna e hoʻopilikia.Let the old men, the old women, and the children go and sleep on the wayside; let them not be molested.
 [Said by Kamehameha I.]
282E hiolo ana nā kapu kahiko; e hina ana nā heiau me nā lele; e hui ana nā moku; he iho mai ana ka lani a e piʻi ana ka honua.The ancient kapu will be abolished; the heiau and altars willfall; the islands will be united; the heavens will descend and the earth ascend.
 [A prophecy uttered by Kapihe, a kahuna in Kamehameha’s time. The last part of the saying means that chiefs will come down to humble positions and commoners rise to positions of honor.]
287E hōʻike mai ana ka lāʻau a ke kia manu.The stick of the birdcatcher will tell.
 [We will know how successful one is by what he produces. One knew whether a birdcatcher was successful by counting the birds on his gummed stick.]
303Eia ka iki nowelo a ka mikioi.Here is the clever and dainty little one.
 [A boast, meaning “I may be little, but....”]
305Eia ke kānaenae a ka mea hele: he leo, he leo wale nō.Here is an offering from a traveler: a voice in greeting, simply a voice.
 [Said in affection by a passerby who, seeing a friend, greets him but doesn’t stop to visit.]
308Eia ua lani a Hāloa i pili ai ka hanu i ke kapu.Here is a chief descended from Hāloa, whose kapu makes one hold his breath in dread.
 [A compliment to a chief. To be able to trace descent from Hāloa, an ancient chief, was to be of very high rank from remote antiquity.]
315E kāmau iho i ka hoe a pae aku i ke kula.Dip in the paddle till you reach the shore.
 [Keep dipping your finger into the poi until you’ve had your fill.]
319E kaupē aku nō i ka hoe a kō mai.Put forward the paddle and draw it back.
 [Go on with the task that is started and finish it.]
321E kipi ana lākou nei. ʻAʻole naʻe ʻo lākou ponoʻī akā ʻo kā lākou mau keiki me nā moʻopuna. ʻO ke aliʻi e ola ana i ia wā e kū ʻōlohelohe ana ia, a ʻo ke aupuni e kūkulu ʻia aku ana, ʻo ia ke aupuni paʻa o Hawaiʻi nei.These people [the missionaries] are going to rebel; not they themselves, but their children and grandchildren. The ruler at that time will be stripped of power, and the government established then will be the permanent government of Hawaiʻi.
 [Prophesied by David Malo.]
325E kuhikuhi pono i nā au iki a me nā au nui o ka ʻike.Instruct well in the little and the large currents of knowledge.
 [In teaching, do it well; the small details are as important as the large ones.]
326E kuʻi ka māmā a loaʻa ʻo Kaʻohele.Let your fastest runners run in relay to catch Kaʻohele.
 [Let us make every effort to attain our goal. Kaʻohele was a chief and warrior and in his day there was none swifter than he. It was only by running after him in relay that he was caught and killed.]
328E lawe i ke aʻo a mālama, a e ʻoi mau ka naʻauao.He who takes his teachings and applies them increases his knowledge.
341E loaʻa ana iā ʻoe ka mea a Paʻahao.Youll get what Paʻahao has.
 [Paʻahao, a native of Kaʻiā, was often teased by his neighbors because when annoyed he would snap, “Naio!” (“Pinworms!”) This amused his tormentors. When annoyed, one might say, “You’ll get what Paʻahao has.” Paʻahao lived in Waiōhinu, Kaʻū, during the late 1800s and early 1900s.]
357E nānā mai a uhi kapa ʻeleʻele ia Maui, a kau ka puaʻa i ka nuku, kiʻi mai i ka ʻāina a lawe aku.Watch until the black tapa cloth covers Maui and the sacrificial hog is offered, then come and take the land.
 [Said by Kahekili, ruler of Maui, to a messenger sent by Kamehameha I with a question whether to have war or peace. Kahekili sent back this answer — “Wait until I am dead and all the rites performed, then invade and take the island of Maui.”]
360E nihi ka helena i ka uka o Puna; mai pūlale i ka ʻike a ka maka.Go quietly in the upland of Puna; do not let anything you see excite you.
 [Watch your step and don’t let the things you see lead you into trouble. There is an abundance of flowers and berries in the uplands of Puna and it is thought that picking any on the trip up to the volcano will result in being caught in heavy rains; the picking is left until the return trip. Also said to loved ones to imply, “Go carefully and be mindful.”]
363E nui ke aho, e kuʻu keiki, a moe i ke kai, no ke kai lā hoʻi ka ʻāina.Take a deep breath, my son, and lay yourself in the sea, for then the land shall belong to the sea.
 [Uttered by the priest Kaʻopulupulu at Waiʻanae. Weary with the cruelty and injustice of Kahāhana, chief of Oʻahu, Kaʻopulupulu walked with his son to Waiʻanae, where he told his son to throw himself into the sea. The boy obeyed, and there died. Kaʻopulupulu was later slain and taken to Waikīkī where he was laid on the sacrificial altar at Helumoa.]
366E, ʻolohaka! I ke ʻehu nō o ka lāʻau pālau, kulana; hākālia nō a pāpā lāʻau aku o ka make nō ia.Say! The person is hollow. With just the passing breeze of a brandished club, he falls. As soon as a spear touches him, he dies.
 [Said by Pupukea, a chief of Kaʻū, of Makakuikalani, chief of Maui, in an exchange of insults. Later commonly used to refer to weaklings.]
368ʻEono moku a Kamehameha ua noa iā ʻoukou, akā ʻo ka hiku o ka moku ua kapu ia naʻu.Six of Kamehameha’s islands are free to you, but the seventh is kapu, and is for me alone.
 [This was uttered by Kamehameha after Oʻahu was conquered. The islands from Hawaiʻi to Oʻahu, which included Maui, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, and Kahoʻolawe, belonged to his people. But the seventh “island,” Kaʻahumanu, was his alone. Anyone who attempted to take her from him would be put to death.]
375E pū paʻakai aku a paʻa ka houpo.Take a bit of salt till the diaphragm is solid.
 [Said by one whose fare is humble, consisting mostly of poi with salt or kukui relish. “Eat till you are satisfied of this humble fare.”]
377E puʻu auaneʻi ka lae i ka ua o Kawaupuʻu, i ka hoʻopaʻa a ka hōʻakamai.The forehead is likely to be lumped by the rain of Kawaupuu if one insists on being a smarty.
 [A warning not to get cocky or smart lest one be hurt. A play on puʻu (lump).]
386ʻEwa nui a Laʻakona.Great ʻEwa of Laʻakona.
 [Laʻakona was a chief of ʻEwa, which was prosperous in his day.]
393Hāʻale i ka wai a ka manu.The rippling water where birds gather.
 [A beautiful person. The rippling water denotes a quiet, peaceful nature which attracts others.]
396Haʻalele i ka ʻulaʻula waiwai a koho i ka ʻulaʻula waiwai ʻole.Leaves the valuable red and chooses the worthless red.
 [Said of one who rejects a suitor of rank in favor of one of lesser station.]
411Hāiki Kaʻula i ka hoʻokē a nā manu.There isn’t room enough on the island of Kaʻula, for the birds are crowding.
 [It is overcrowded. Kaʻula is a bird-inhabited island beyond Niʻihau.]
413Haka kau a ka manu.Perch on which birds rest.
 [A promiscuous woman.]
415Haka ʻula a Kāne.Kāne’s red perch.
 [A rainbow with red colors predominating.]
418Hākoʻi wai a ka neki.Water agitated among the rushes.
 [The throbbing of the heart of one in love at the sight of the object of his affection.]
421Hala i ke ala koʻiʻula a Kāne.Gone on the sacred red trail of Kāne.
 [Death.]
422Hala i ke ala polihua a Kāne.Gone on the trail to the bosom of Kāne.
 [Death.]
435Haluku ka ʻai a ke aku.The aku rush to eat.
 [Said of those who boisterously rush to eat.]
445Hana a ke kama ʻole, hele ʻopeʻope i ke ala loa.A person who has not raised a child may go along with his bundles on the road.
 [Said of an aged person who has no one to care for him. Had he troubled to rear children they could take care of him when he was old.]
446Hana a lau a lau ke aho, a laila loaʻa ka iʻa kāpapa o ka moana.Make four hundred times four hundred fish lines before planning to go after the fighting fish of the sea.
 [Be well prepared for a big project.]
447Hana a mikioi, lawe a ʻauliʻi.Be deft and dainty.
 [Said to young people: Be neat, sweet and clever — not crude and blundering.]
448Hana Hilo i ka poʻi a ka ua.Hilo works on the lid of the rain.
 [Refers to the constant showers typical of Hilo district on Hawaiʻi. This is the first line of a chant.]
454Hana ʻino i ka ke kino ʻelemakule a hoʻomakua aku i ka haʻi.Mistreat your own oldsters and the day may come when youll be caringfor someone else’s.
 [Said to a rude or ungrateful child. You should think of your own elder first, while he is alive, lest after his death you must take care of someone who had no part in rearing you.]
457Hana ka iwi a kanaka makua, hoʻohoa.First get some maturity into the bones before challenging.
460Hāna, mai Koʻolau a Kaupō.Hāna, from Koʻolau to Kaupō.
 [The extent of the district of Hāna, Maui.]
461Hana mai nō a kā mai nō i ka ʻino.He does for us, then he strikes us with evil.
 [Said of a kahuna who helps to heal and then, annoyed with the patient or patient’s family, asks the ʻaumakua to return the sickness.]
486Hauhili ka ʻai a ke kaweleʻā.The kaweleʻā fish takes the hook in such a way as to tangle the lines.
 [Said of a tangled situation.]
502Hawaiʻi nui a Keawe.Hawaiʻi, great island of Keawe.
 [Keawe (Keawe-i-kekahi-aliʻi-o-ka-moku) was a ruler of Hawaiʻi.]
540He aliʻi nō mai ka paʻa a ke aliʻi; he kanaka nō mai ka paʻa a ke kanaka.A chief from the foundation of chiefs; a commoner from the foundation of commoners.
 [A chief is a chief because his ancestors were; a commoner is a commoner because his ancestors were. Often said to a young person of chiefly lineage to warn that if he wishes to preserve the rank of his descendants, he should see that his mate is of chiefly rank and not a commoner.]
549He au holo a ka ʻōlohelohe.A running place for the naked one.
 [Used when one is disappointed in an undertaking. To dream of nakedness is an omen of bad luck.]
560He hālau a hālau ko ka niu, hoʻokahi nō hālau o ka niuniu.The coconut tree has many shelters to go to; but the person who merely aspires has but one.
 [Said in scom to or of a person of low rank who assumes the air of a chief. A true chief (niu) is welcome every-where he goes; a pretender is only welcome in his own circle.]
584He hoa manu nēnē, he hoʻi nō a paumāʻele i ka hale.A goose mate returns to pollute the house.
 [Said to a mate whose relative disgraces the family by committing fornication or adultery with another member.]
606Hei akula i ka ʻupena kuʻu a ka Lawakua.Caught in the drawnet of the Lawakua breeze.
 [Ensnarled by beguiling words.]
619He ikaika nō nā ʻehu kakahiaka no nā ʻōpio, a piʻi aʻe ka lā heha mai a holo.The morning is full of strength for youth, but when the sun is high they become tired and run.
 [Said of the young who do not work as persistently as their parents — they start well but soon quit.]
635He ʻīnaʻi na ka wela a ka lā.Meat consumed by the heat of the sun.
 [Said of one who has a severe case of sunburn.]
636He ʻiniki me ka wawalu ka ʻeha a kamaliʻi.All the hurt that a child can infict is by pinching and scratching.
 [An expression of ridicule said to or of one considered to be no stronger than a child.]
640He ʻio ʻoe, he ʻio au, he ʻio nā ʻānela o ke akua, kiʻi maila nō iā ʻoe a lawe.You are a hawk, I am a hawk, and the angels of God are hawks.
 [Uttered by Hitchcock, a missionary, over the coffin of a sorcerer who had threatened to pray him to death and referred to himself as an ʻio, the bird that flies the highest.]
679He kawa ia naʻu i lele a ʻopu.That is a diving place in which I dived without making a splash.
 [Said of something that is easy to do because one is accustomed to doing it.]
690He keu a ka hoʻomaoe!Such hinting!
 [Said to a person who hinted his liking for another’s possessions; one was obliged to say, “Take it, I give it to you.” Such a hinting person was disliked, and favorite possessions were hidden away when he approached.]
691He keʻu na kaʻalae a Hina.A croaking by Hina’s mudhen.
 [A warning of trouble. The cry of a mudhen at night is a warning of distress.]
699He koʻe ka pule a kahuna, he moe nō a ʻoni mai.The prayer of a kahuna is like a worm; it may lie dormant but it will wriggle along.
 [Though the prayer of a kahuna may not take effect at once, it will in time.]
705He kuapuʻu no a he kuapuʻu, like ka ʻōlelo ana.A hunchback and a hunchback have the same things to talk ahout.
 [Equals speak the same language and understand each other.]
728Hele a ʻīlio pīʻalu ka uka o Hāmākua i ka lā.Like a wrinkled dog is the upland of Hāmākua in the sunlight.
 [An uncomplimentary remark about an aged, wrinkled person. Line from a chant.]
729Hele a kahu ka ʻena.He has gone into [the state of] tending the red-hot stones.
 [He is very angry.]
730Hele akula a ahu, hoʻi mai nō e omo i ka waiū o ka makua.He goes away and, gaining nothing by it, returns to nurse at his mother’s breast.
 [Said of a grown son or daughter who, after going away, returns home for support.]
733Hele a luhiehu i ka ua noe.Is made bright by the misty rain.
 [Said of a person dressed gaily.]
734Hele a nono i ka wai.He looks red in the water.
 [He is as attractive as the fringes of lehua floating in the water.]
741Hele ke poʻo a pōnaʻanaʻa.The head moves in a confused manner.
 [In a state of having so much to do one doesn’t know where to start.]
744Hele ka hoʻi a hiki i Kealia, ua napoʻo ka lā.When one reaches Kealia at last, the sun is set.
 [Said of one who procrastinates. A play on alia (to wait).]
746Hele kapalulu ke ahi me ka momoku a kukupaʻu i ke kai o Nuʻalolo.The crackling firebrands make a great display over the sea of Nualolo.
 [Said of a person who makes himself very conspicuous.]
754Hele nō ka pilau a ke ālia, i kahi nui o ka paʻakai.Decomposition can also he found where there is so much salt that the earth is encrusted.
 [Scandal is found even in the best of families.]
758He lepo ka ʻai a Oʻahu, a māʻona nō i ka lepo.Earth is the food of Oʻahu, and it is satisfied with its earth.
 [Said in derision of Oʻahu, which was said to be an earth-eating land. In olden times, an edible mud like gelatine was said to fill Kawainui Pond. The mud, which was brought hither from Kahiki in ancient days, was once served to the warriors and servants of Kamehameha as a replacement for poi.]
760Hele wale a lulu i nā manu.The birds are so numerous that they cast a shade.
 [Said of a great crowd of people.]
772He lolo nō a he lolo, paʻi wale.One is from the zenith, the other is from the zenith; therefore equals.
 [They are equally high in rank.]
775He lupe lele a pulu i ka ua ʻawa.A kite that flies till it is dampened by icy cold raindrops.
 [Said of a person whose station has risen very high.]
779He maiʻa ke kanaka a ka lā e hua ai.A man is like a banana tree on the day it bears its fruit.
 [When a man’s body was removed from a grave, a banana stalk was laid in to take its place.]
806He māʻona ʻai a he māʻona iʻa ko ka noanoa.The commoner is satisfed with food and fish.
 [The commoner has no greater ambition than success in farming and fishing.]
819He moa kani ao ia, a pō kau i ka haka.He is a cock that crows in the daytime, but when night comes he sits on a perch.
 [Said of a person who brags of what he can do, but when difficulties come he is the first to remove himself from the scene.]
824Hemo ka pili a ka makemake.The companionship of liking has separated.
 [Said of the cessation of mutual affection.]
828He moʻo, he pili pōhaku, he pili lāʻau a he pili lepo.It is a lizard, for it clings to rocks, clings to trees, clings to the earth.
 [Said in derision of one who spies, hiding behind rocks, trees, and so forth. Also said of one who likes climbing over rocks and trees like a lizard.]
838He nani wale nō o Puna mai ʻō a ʻō.There is only beauty from one end of Puna to the other.
 [There is nothing to complain about. Refers to Puna, Kauaʻi.]
842He nohona huikau, noho aku a noho mai.A life of confusion, living this way and that.
 [Referring to promiscuous people who share each other’s mates.]
851He ʻōheke wale ko ke kanaka kuaʻāina a he ʻōheke ʻole ko ke kanaka o kahi aliʻi.A country man is very shy, but a man of the royal court is not.
860He ola na ka ʻōiwi, lawe aʻe nō a ʻai haʻaheo.When one has earned his own livelihood he can take his food and eat it with pride.
877He pahu nā aliʻi, a pā ʻia kani.A chief is like a drum; there is no sound unless played upon.
 [Chiefs seldom stir to action unless incited by others.]
879He pali lele a koaʻe.A cliff reached only by tropic birds.
 [Said of a high chief or of a hill too steep to climb.]
904He pohō na ka pohō, ʻo ke akamai no ke hana a nui.Sinking is to be expected where it is naturally found, but one should use as much skill as possible [to avoid it].
 [Losses come easily; it requires skill and wisdom to avoid them.]
930He puhi ʻuʻu maunu; a he ʻā aki maunu.An eel that pulls off the bait; an ʻā fish that nibbles it off.
 [A person who interferes with the work of others and makes a nuisance of himself.]
961He ʻumi a puaʻa.A pig-strangling.
 [An act of a traitor; treachery.]
975Hewa i ke ala a ka hewahewa.Goes amiss on the trail of the mentally deranged.
 [Said of one who is careless of results.]
979Hewa ka iʻa a ʻUmiamaka, he okea loko.Wrong was the “fish” of ʻUmiamaka for it had sand inside.
 [Said of anything that is bad, or when one has been cheated. ʻUmiamaka was a young trickster who desired the daughter of a certain man who was very fond of lobster. But the father would not let his daughter go with a man who was not a fisherman. To win the father over, ʻUmiamaka filled a lobster shell he found on the beach with white sand. After stuffing the crack carefully with limu so it would appear freshly caught, he presented it to the father. After receiving the lobster, the father allowed his daughter to go out with ʻUmiamaka. But when the man gave his attention to the lobster, he discovered that it was just a sand-filled shell, and cried out these words. When the impudent youth returned, he claimed innocence, saying, “That was your fish, not mine.’]
985Hihia nā aho a ke kaweleʻā.The lines used in catching the kaweleʻā are entangled.
 [Said of any entanglement.]
991Hiki mai ka mālie, a hiki mai nō ka ʻino.Good weather comes and bad weather comes, too.
 [Weather changes.]
1004Hilo, mai Mawae a ka pali o Maulua.Hilo, from Mawae to the cliff of Maulua.
 [The extent of the Hilo district is from Mawae on the Puna side to Maulua on the Hāmākua side.]
1012Hiu a wela, lawe a lilo!Strike while hot, and take it away!
 [Make passionate love and take possession. Win the game and take the prize.]
1016Hoʻā ke ahi, kōʻala ke ola. O nā hale wale nō kai Honolulu; ʻo ka ʻai a me ka iʻa i Nuʻuanu.Light the fire for there is life-giving suhstance. Only the houses stand in Honolulu; the vegetable food and meat are in Nuuanu.
 [An expression of affection for Nuʻuanu. In olden days, much of the taro lands were found in Nuʻuanu, which supplied Honolulu with poi, taro greens, ʻoʻopu, and freshwater shrimp. So it is said that only houses stand in Honolulu. Food comes from Nuʻuanu.]
1031Hoʻi iho ka lehelehe a ka ʻauwae, noho.The lip goes down to the chin and there it sits.
 [Said of a pouting person.]
1035Hoʻi ka ua a uka noho mai.The rain goes to the upland and there it stays.
 [Said of one who leaves and stays away.]
1036Hoʻi ka wai a ka puna noho mai.The water returns to the spring and there remains.
 [Said of one who withdraws.]
1040Hoʻi nō a nanahu i kona alelo.He turns to bite his own tongue.
 [Said of one who criticizes others and later does just as they. Also expressed Nahu nō ʻo ia i kona alelo.]
1049Holāholā wale ʻia aʻe nō a pau ka pupuka.It will all he stripped away until all the ugliness is gone.
 [Said in answer to a remark that a small child is ugly.]
1055Hō mai ka ihu, a hele aʻe au.Give hither the nose ere I go.
 [Kiss me ere I depart.]
1070Hoʻokahi mea manaʻo nui a ka ʻōhua o ka hale: ʻo kahi mea mai ka lima mai o ke aliʻi.There is one thing all members of the household look to: whatever they are given by the hands of the chief.
 [All members of the chief’s household are dependent on him.]
1071Hoʻokahi no hana a Palapala ʻo ka ʻohi i ka iʻa.All that Palapala does is gather fish.
 [Although we do all the hard work, another comes along and reaps the harvest. Palapala was a noted warrior of Kāʻanapali, Maui. When the fishermen went deep-sea fishing with hook and line, he accompanied them. Whenever a fish would become unfastened and float to the surface, Palapala would take it, uttering these words.]
1073Hoʻokahi no hua a ka ʻaʻo.The ʻaʻo bird lays but a single egg.
 [Said of the mother of an only child.]
1076Hoʻokahi no lāʻau a ka uʻi.Let the youth use but a single stroke.
 [Let it be once and for all. First uttered by the instructor of the chief Puapuakea, advising him to strike his enemy with a single, fatal blow.]
1081Hoʻokahi no ʻōlelo lohe a ke kuli.The deaf hear but one kind of speech.
 [That is, the bad odor that results from breaking wind. The deaf, unable to hear, smell the foul odor and turn to see who the culprit is.]
1084Hoʻokē a maka.Deny the eyes.
 [Said of a very selfish person who eats without sharing, no matter who looks on with longing; or of one who does his own work only, without lifting a finger to help another. Also said of one who gives to his own children but refuses to share with the children of neighbors and relatives.]
1088Hoʻokuʻi a kole ka lae.Bumped and made a raw sore on the brow.
 [Said of one who is really in trouble.]
1092Hoʻolale a ka ua ʻūkiu.A suggestion of the ʻūkiu rain.
 [Go ahead and do what was suggested. The ʻūkiu rain is cold enough to make one hurry and scurry.]
1093Hoʻolale i ka ʻai a ka uʻi.Show what youth can do.
 [Let the youth show us what he can do.]
1100Hoʻomaha ʻole ke kai a Mokupaoa.The sea of Mokupaoa never rests.
 [Said of anything or anyone who goes on and on without resting. Mokupaoa is a place name.]
1101Hoʻomau ʻia aku, wahi a ka nūpepa.To be continued, according to the newspaper.
 [Many Hawaiian newspaper articles were continued from week to week. This was said of anything put off to be finished later.]
1106Hoʻonuʻu ihola a kū kahauli.Ate with eagerness until he stood up with excitement.
 [Said of a person who tries to please by eagerly heeding everyone’s advice and commands, and by so doing receives approval and advancement.]
1111Hoʻopio ʻia e ka noho aliʻi a ka ua.Made prisoner by the reign of the rain.
 [When the rainy season comes, one is kept indoors.]
1121Huʻe a kaua, moe i ke awakea.A battle attack, then sleep at midday.
 [The sleep of death. When Kawelo fought Kauahoa, the latter uttered this, meaning that he would fight back until his opponent was dead.]
1124Hū hewa ʻia paha ke Kinaʻu, a ke Kalaukina e huli hele nei.Perhaps the Kinaʻu is off her course, to have the Claudine go in search of her.
 [Said in fun of a person who goes in search of another. This is a line from a hula song.]
1129Huihui pāipu a Lono.Lono’s cluster of gourd vessels.
 [Lono was a woman who had a large family of children and an indolent, pleasure-seeking husband. Hers was a life of drudgery. Tired of it, she sought a home on the sun. But when she tried to go up to it, she grew so uncomfortably warm that she came down again. Then she tried to go to a star, but the twinkling of the stars made her feel that they were laughing at her plight. Then, when the full moon rose, she changed her children into gourds and traveled up a rainbow toward the moon. Her husband saw her and ran to grasp her ankle as she went up. Her foot slipped off like a lizard’s tail. So Lono entered the moon and remained there. On full-moon nights, the people would point out the shadows in the moon and say, “There is Lono and her gourds.” Today a mother who goes about with her flock of children is compared to Lono and her gourds.]
1130Huikau nā makau a ka lawaiʻa i Wailua, lou mai ʻo Kawelowai iā Waiehu.The fishhooks of the fishers became entangled at Wailua and caught Kawelowai at Waiehu.
 [An entangling love affair. The first line of a chant.]
1138Huli ka malau, ka ʻiako a ka lawaiʻa.The malau that serves as an outrigger of the canoe is turned over.
 [Work is done. The malau is a live-bait carrier attached to the canoe. When the fishing was done the empty malau was tumed over. First used by Hiʻiaka in a chant when she saw two shark men flee at the sight of her, though she intended no harm.]
1145Hului kōkō a Makaliʻi a kau i luna.The carrying net of Makaliʻi takes all and suspends them on high.
 [Said of a stingy person. Makaliʻi was a supernatural chief of ancient times who gathered all the food plants in a net and hung them in the sky among the stars of the Pleiades. The result was famine.]
1148Iā ia a hiki, make ka puaʻa.As soon as he arrived, the pig died.
 [It was the custom to kill and roast a pig when a very welcome guest arrived.]
1149I ʻāina nō ka ʻāina i ke aliʻi, a i waiwai nō ka ʻāina i ke kānaka.The land remains the land because of the chiefs, and prosperity comes to the land because of the common people.
 [Chiefs are needed to hold the land, and commoners are needed to work the land.]
1155I hea nō ka lima a ʻau mai?Where are the arms with which to swim ?
 [Don’t complain, use your limbs to do what you need to do.]
1156I hea ʻoe i ka wā a ka ua e loku ana?Where were you when the rain was pouring ?
 [A reply to one who asks his neighbor for some of his crop. If he answered that he had been away during the rains, he would be given some food; but if he said that he had been there, he would be refused. It was due to his own laziness that he did not have a crop as fine as his industrious neighbor’s.]
1171I ʻike ʻia nō ʻo Kohala i ka pae kō, a ʻo ka pae kō ia kole ai ka waha.One can recognize Kohala by her rows of sugar cane which can make the mouth raw when chewed.
 [When one wanted to fight a Kohala warrior, he would have to be a very good warrior to succeed. Kohala men were vigorous, brave, and strong.]
1173I ʻike ʻoe iā Kauaʻi a puni a ʻike ʻole iā Kauaʻi-iki, ʻaʻole nō ʻoe i ʻike iā Kauaʻi.If you have seen all of the places on the island of Kauaʻi and have not seen Little Kauaʻi, you have not seen the whole of Kauaʻi.
 [Kauaʻi-iki (Little Kauaʻi) is a stone that stood in a taro patch at Wahiawa, Kauaʻi. When it was threatened with destruction by the building of a road, it was rescued by Walter McBryde and taken to Maiʻaloa and later to Kukuiolono Park, where it stands today.]
1180I ka holo nō i ke alahao a piʻi i ka lani.While going along the railroad one suddenly goes up to the sky.
 [A drinker soon finds himself “up in the clouds.” An expression used by the sweet-potato beer drinkers of Lahaina, Maui.]
1186I ka nānā nō a ʻike.By observing, one learns.
1190I ka noho pū ʻana a ʻike i ke aloha.It is only when one has lived with another that one knows the meaning of love.
1193I ka pali nō ka hoa a hele, kalakala ke kua i ka ʻopeʻope.The companion stays up on the hill and then goes, the back roughened by the load.
 [Said of one who keeps at a distance and departs. Also said of luck that stays away like a disinterested friend, carrying its load of fortune away with it. This was first uttered by Lohiʻau in a chant when he failed to make a score in kilu.]
1195I ka pono kau i nā waha, mai noho a pehi wale aku.Those who put into the mouth need not throw stones.
 [The mouths that eat the food should never revile the producers.]
1196I ka pule nō o Lohiʻau a make.Lohiʻau was still praying when he died.
 [Said of one who waits until he is face to face with death before beginning to pray.]
1198I ka waha nō a ulu ka ʻai; i ka waha nō a maloʻo.Food crops are made to grow by the mouth; while still in the mouth they wither.
 [Said of one who talks about farming and plans to plant but does nothing about it.]
1201I ke alo nō ka ʻulu a hala.The breadfruit was just in front and it was missed.
 [[cf. 1942]]
1202I ke alo nō o ka lawaiʻa lā a pūkē hewa nā leho, haki wale nā kākala.It was right in front of the fishermen that the cowry shells came together violently and the spikes broke off.
 [In spite of watchfulness, trouble occurs. The leho is a cowry-shell octopus lure fashioned with a spike on it.]
1210I ke kaua e ʻike ʻia ai nā hoaaloha a me nā kānaka koa.It is in war that one learns who his friends are and who among them is brave.
 [One learns who one’s friends are when one faces trouble. Said by Kaʻeo to the chiefs of Oʻahu, who were fighting against Kalanikūpule.]
1213ʻIke nō ke aliʻi i kona kanaka, a ua ʻike nō ke kanaka i kona aliʻi.The chief knows his servant; the servant knows his chief.
 [Outsiders do not understand our relationships to our chiefs, and we do not care to discuss it with them.]
1215I Kōkī o Wailau, i ke alapiʻi a ka ʻōpae.At Kōkī at Wailau is the stairway of the shrimp.
 [Refers to Wailau, Molokaʻi, where the fishing god ʻAiʻai hid all the shrimps at a ledge called Kōkl because he was annoyed at the people there for neglecting to preserve the fish spawn. He later revealed the hiding place to a youth he especially liked.]
1229I lohe i ka ʻōlelo a hoʻokō, e ola auaneʻi a laupaʻi.One who hears good counsel and heeds [it] will live to see many descendants.
1233I make nō he hāwāwā; ʻauhea nō hoʻi nā lima a ʻau mai?It is inexperience that causes death; where are your arms with which to swim?
 [When you have something to do, learnm to do it and gain experience. Experience often saves life.]
1234I mānai kau, i pua hoʻi kaʻu, kui ʻia ka makemake a lawa pono.Yours the lei-making needle, mine the flowers; so let us do as we wish [— make a complete lei].
 [You, the man and I, the woman; let us satisfy the demands of love. Said by Hiʻiaka in a chant as she embraced Lohiʻau at the rim of Kīlauea to rouse the jealous wrath of her sister Pele.]
1237I mua e nā pōkiʻi a inu i ka wai ʻawaʻawa.Forward, my younger hrothers, until you drink the bitter water [of battle].
 [Uttered by Kamehameha as he rallied his forces in the battle of ʻĪao Valley.]
1242I noho ʻoukou a i pae mai he waʻa o Kahiki-makolena, hopu ʻoukou a paʻa; o ke kahuna ia ʻaʻohe e ʻeha ka ʻili ʻoiai no Kahiki aku ana ka ʻāina.If sometime in the future a canoe from Kahiki-makolena arrives, grasp and hold fast to it. There is the kahuna for you, and your skins will never more he hurt [in war],for the land will someday he owned hy Kahiki.
 [A prophecy uttered by Kaleikuahulu to Kaʻahumanu and her sisters as he was dying. Foreign priests (missionaries) will come. Accept their teachings.]
1253I pao i ka huewai nuku pueo a ke kanaka.Pecked at the man’s short-necked gourd bottle.
 [Attempted an affair with another’s wife. This saying comes from the story of the ʻelepaio bird that pecked at a man’s water bottle while he slept.]
1257I puni iā ʻoe o Kaʻū a i ʻike ʻole ʻoe iā Kaʻūloa, ʻaʻohe nō ʻoe i ʻike iā Kaʻū.If you have been around Kaʻū and have not seen Kaʻūloa, you have not seen the whole of the district. Kaʻūloa and Waiōhinu were two stones, wife and husband, that stood in a kukui grove on the upper side of the road between Na’alehu and Waiōhinu. With the passing of time, these stones gradually sank until they vanished completely into the earth. After Kaʻūloa was no longer seen, Palahemo was substituted as the chief point of interest.
1258I puni iā ʻoe o Lānaʻi a i ʻike ʻole iā Lānaʻi-Kaʻula me Lānaʻi-Hale, ʻaʻohe nō ʻoe i ʻike iā Lānaʻi.If you have gone around Lānaʻi, and have not seen Lānaʻi Kaʻula and Lānaʻi Hale, you have not seen all of Lānaʻi.
1263I Waialua ka poʻina a ke kai, ʻo ka leo ka ʻEwa e hoʻolono nei.The dashing of the waves is at Waialua but the sound is being heard at ʻEwa.
 [Sounds of fighting in one locality are quickly heard in another.]
1268Ka ʻai a Kaiaʻupe.The [lua] stroke of Kaiaupe.
 [Said when one is lured and suffers the consequences. Kaiaʻupe was a noted female robber who lived near the cliff trail of ʻAʻalaloa, Maui. She would entice a man to lie with her on the edge of the cliff, and then kick him off with her foot. This expression came to refer to any kind of treachery.]
1274Ka ʻai niho ʻole a ka makani i ka ʻai.Even without teeth the wind consumes the food crops.
 [Said of a destructive windstorm.]
1286Ka hāʻawi a ka mea hale, koe koena ʻole ma kūʻono.Giving as a house owner does, with nothing left hidden in the corners.
 [Said of a very generous person who gives freely of all he has.]
1292Ka hālau a ʻĪ.The house of ʻĪ.
 [The descendants of ʻĪ, who extended through Hāmākua, Hilo, Puna and Kaʻū. One of these was ʻĪmakakoloa, who was condemned to death by Kamehameha. According to the historian Kamakau, ʻĪmakakoloa was put to death in Kamaʻoa. But according to the people of Kaʻū, a junior kinsman of similar appearance was substituted at the execution.]
1295Ka hana a ka mākua, ʻo ka hana nō ia a keiki.What parents do, children will do.
1296Ka hana a ke aloha, he kohu mūheʻe i ke alo pali.The action of a lover is like that of a squid at the face of a precipice.
 [A squid is said to be a creature that goes every which way. A squid-like lover is not to be trusted.]
1298Ka hao a ka makani Kona, ʻaʻohe manu koe o ke kuahiwi.When the Kona wind does its worst, no birds remain in the mountains.
 [When someone goes into a towering rage, everyone flees his presence.]
1299Ka hao a ka wai nui, pihaʻā o kai.When a great flood washes down, the shore is littered with stones and debris from the upland.
 [When one is careless in speech, trouble results.]
1304Ka hauwalaʻau a ka nui manu.The loud chattering of many birds.
 [Gossip that is spread abroad by a lot of busybodies.]
1316Ka honua nui a Kāne i hoʻīnana a ʻahu kīnohinohi.The great earth animated and adorned by Kāne.
 [Kāne was the god of fresh water and life.]
1323Ka iʻa a ka wai nui i lawe mai ai.The fish borne along by the flood.
 [The ʻoʻopu, which was often carried to the lowlands in freshets.]
1324Ka iʻa a ke kualau i lawe mai ai.The fish brought in by the rain at sea.
 [The spawn of the manini fish that came to the islands by the millions during the summer months. They were said to come after a shower at sea, in the early morning.]
1326Ka iʻa ʻawaʻawa a ka haole.The foreigners’ sour fish.
 [Salted salmon, a fish commonly eaten by Hawaiians after its introduction here.]
1330Ka iʻa hali a ka makani.The fish fetched by the wind.
 [The ʻanaeholo, a fish that travels from Honouliuli, where it breeds, to Kaipāpaʻu on the windward side of Oʻahu. It then turns about and returns to its original home. It is driven closer to shore when the wind is strong.]
1333Ka iʻa hāwanawana i ka wāwae, a ʻōlelo i ka lau o ka lima.The fish that whispers to the feet and speaks to the tips of the fingers.
 [The mahamoe, found in the sand. It is felt under the feet and picked up by the fingers.]
1363Ka iʻa lawe mai a ka makani, The fish brought by the wind, a stick is the net to catch them with.
 [Said of turtles that come to certain localities in the islands. They were driven ashore with sticks.]
1376Ka iʻa pā i ka ihu o ka waʻa a lele.The fish that touches the prow of the canoe and leaps.
 [The mālolo, or flying fish.]
1380Ka iʻa uahi a holo i ka pali.The fish pursued by running after them on the hills.
 [Goats.]
1387Kaiehu ʻia a pulu ka puka uahi.The sea tosses up the sprays, wetting the smokestack.
 [Said of a towering rage.]
1397Ka ʻike a ka makua he hei na ke keiki.The knowledge of the parent is [unconsciously] absorbed by the child.
1399Ka iki koaiʻe a Hanakāpīʻai.The small koaiʻe tree of Hanakāpīʻai.
 [A boast of that locality on Kauaʻi. One may be small in stature but he is as tough and sturdy as the koaiʻe tree.]
1401Kaikoʻeke a ka hāuna ʻino.Brothers-in-law who smite severely.
 [Hikapoloa, a Kohala chief, treated his brothers-in-law with severe cruelty and later was destroyed by them.]
1409Kai nuʻu a Kāne.Kāne’s rising sea.
 [The foamy sea that follows after a tumbling wave.]
1418Kākia kui nao a ke akamai.The nailing down of a screw by an expert.
 [A boast of skill in securing something and holding on to it. This saying is taken from an old love song in which the singer claims that the love of her sweetheart is securcly nailed down.]
1424Ka laʻi loa a Kamaluohua.The long peace of Kamaluohua.
 [Said of the long period of peace enjoyed by this chief of Maui after his retum from Kauaʻi. He and others had accompanied the chief of Hawaiʻi there to make war. They were defeated, but their lives were spared by Kūkona, ruler of Kauaʻi, and they were kindly treated. After a while the defeated chiefs plotted to tum against Kūkona, but Kamaluohua refused to hurt their kind benefactor. As a reward for his loyalty, he and the others were permitted to go home to their respective islands. Kamaluohua spent the rest of his days in peace. The saying was later used to refer to permanent peace after a period of trouble.]
1426Kālai o Lūaliʻi i ke kiʻi a ʻike i ka ʻino haʻalele.Lūaliʻi carved an image and, finding it bad, deserted it.
 [Said of one who abandons a thing he used to indulge in. Lūaliʻi was a chief of Hawaiʻi who wanted to carve an image. He went to the mountains, found a log and bore it to the lowland to work on. It was almost finished when he discovered a rotted spot. He deserted it and went to find another log to carve. As he worked on the second log he heard the first one say, “Lūaliʻi carved an image and, finding it bad, deserted it.” He went back to it, cleaned out the rotted spot and finished it. He knew that a god possessed it. This god later helped him rid Oʻahu of evil beings.]
1429Ka lālā kaukonakona haki ʻole i ka pā a ka makani Kona.The tough branch that does not break in the Kona gales.
 [Said of a sturdy, strong person.]
1434Ka lau ʻoliwa a ke aloha.The olive leaf of love.
 [A gift, kindly given. From the story of Noah’s Ark.]
1452Kama ʻia ke aloha a paʻa i loko.Bind love that it may remain fast within.
 [Be a person who knows love.]
1485Ka moe kau a Moi, ke kahuna mana o Hāʻupukele.You sleep like Moi, the powerful kahuna of Haupukele.
 [Said to one who oversleeps. The kahuna Moi, of Hāʻupukele, Molokaʻi, had a long, prophetic dream of misfortune to befall his chief. The chief paid no attention and kidnapped a chiefess of Hilo. This led to a war with her sons, Niheu and Kana.]
1487Ka moe no kau a Mele Wile, ala aʻe ua moʻa i ke kuke.You sleep the sleep of Mary [wife of] Willie; when you awake, the food is cooked.
 [A common saying on Hawaiʻi applied to any sleepy-head. Mary, wife of William Shipman, was annoyed with a servant who constantly overslept. One morning she looked into the servant’s room and loudly uttered this condemnation. The other servants laughed, and the sleeping servant was so ashamed that she rose bright and early thereafter.]
1515Ka ʻōnohi Wai a Uli.Water of Uli made visible to the eyes.
 [A mirage revealed by the goddess Uli.]
1516Ka ō ʻole i ka wehe a ka Hoʻolua.No stopping when the Hoʻolua wind opens up.
 [Said of anything that can’t be stopped.]
1527Ka pali kahakō lele a koaʻe.Sheer cliff reached only by the tropic bird.
 [A tall, inaccessible cliff.]
1538Kāpī ʻia i ka paʻakai a miko.Sprinkled with salt until well salted.
 [Made to pay a stiff fine.]
1539Ka piʻi nō ia a kōkī o Wailau.Ascends to the highest point in Wailau.
 [Praise for one who has made a worthy accomplishment. The inhabitants of Wailau, Molokaʻi, a place of tall precipices, were excellent climbers. [cf 2434]]
1555Kauaʻi a ka ʻai paʻa.Kauaʻi of the hard poi.
 [There was a man of Kauaʻi who was inclined to be stingy and whose favorite meat was dried octopus. He would cut it into small pieces, remove the skin, and mix it into the poi. Whenever hospitality compelled him to invite anyone to share his food, he would say, “I am sorry that I have no meat. All I have is very lumpy poi. Just poke your fingers straight in and pull them up again. Push the lumps aside.” Naturally, many declined the invitation. But one day several visitors from Hawai’i who were very hungry accepted. One noticed that the host was chewing, so he stuck a lump in his mouth and chewed, thus discovering that the lumps were pieces of dried octopus.]
1556Kauaʻi a Manokalanipo.Kauai of Manokalanipo.
 [Manokalanipo was a chief of Kauaʻi in ancient times.]
1576Ka ua kūnihi a Kaʻupena.The rain of Kaʻupena that turns aside.
 [Kaʻupena was a seeress of Kamaʻoa Plain, in Kaʻū. Whenever rain approached, she called it to come to her home and to leave the homes of her neighbors alone so that their crops would not be ruined by a too-early rain. The rain obeyed.]
1628Kaʻū, mai ʻOkiʻokiaho a Mawae.Kaʻū, from ʻOkiʻokiaho to Mawae.
 [The district of Kaʻū, from ʻOkiʻokiaho at the boundary of Puna, to Mawae at the boundary of Kona.]
1646Ka wai ʻeleʻele a ka poʻe ʻike.The black fluid of the learned.
 [Ink.]
1653Ka wai hūnā a ka pāoʻo.The hidden water of the pāoʻo fish.
 [A little pool of water on Lehua often mentioned in chants of Niʻihau. It is said to be guarded by a supernatural pāoʻo fish. When this fish rises to the surface, its back resembles the surrounding rocks, which makes the pool difficult to see. When the pāoʻo sinks to the bottom, the water can again be seen. Also, a pool not far from the crater of Kīlauea. The priests of Pele who knew of its location obtained water from it to mix with the ʻawa drinks they offered to her. Like the pool on Lehua, a supernatural pāoʻo fish guarded it. This pool was destroyed during the making of a road.]
1670Ke ahu a Kaunuohua i kaulu pali.The heap of Kaunuohua on the slope of the cliff.
 [A humorous reference to the scrotum.]
1673Ke ala iki a kāhuna.The narrow trail on which priests walk.
 [There are many restrictions to be heeded by kāhuna.]
1674Ke ala kīkeʻekeʻe a Māui.The winding trails of Māui.
 [Trails made by Māui when he was pursued by those who wished to destroy him. One trail was at Waiahole, Oʻahu, one at Kekaʻa between Lahaina and Kāʻanapali, and the third at Kealakahakaha, Kahakuloa, Maui.]
1677Ke aliʻi nāna e kālua i ke poʻo i ka imu a poʻalo aʻe i nā maka.The chief who can roast the head in the imu and scoop out the eyes.
 [Said of a chief who had the power and authority to have the head of one who offended him cut off and roasted in an imu, or to order his eyes dug out. The heads were roasted and then discarded, a warning to lesser chiefs and commoners to respect their superiors.]
1712Ke kaena a ka noho hale.The boast of the stay-at-home.
 [Said of one who boasts of his own chiefs, homeland, or affairs.]
1713Ke kaha ʻai ʻole a ʻīloli.The foodless place, ʻĪloli.
 [ʻĪloli, Molokaʻi, was said to be a place where no food could be grown because of its lack of moisture.]
1715Ke kaha pili a ka iʻa kea.The beach where the white fish are always around.
 [A woman around whom white men gather like fish.]
1729Ke kai lipolipo polihua a Kāne.The dark-hlue ocean of Kāne.
 [The deep sea out of sight of land.]
1737Ke kamalei a Kuluipō, ka hiʻialo a Pōnahe.Beloved child of Kuluipō, one embraced in the arms of Pōnahe.
 [A benighted person. A play on pō (darkness).]
1757Ke kua a kānāwai.The back [guarded by] law.
 [Said of Pele’s back, which was so kapu that to stand behind or approach it was punishable by death. Her back was said to be so hot that a bundle of taro leaves placed on it would cook at once. Her priests, chiefs, and certain of her devotees had a similar kapu — no one was permitted to walk or pass behind them nor wear anything that had been worn upon such a kapu back.]
1760Ke kuko waiwai ʻole a Keʻinohoʻomanawanui.The worthless wish of Keʻinohoʻomanawanni.
 [A worthless desire that shows no ambition. Keʻinohoʻomanawanui and his friend, Kalelealuakā discussed one night the things they would like to receive from the ruler, Kakuhihewa, if possible. Keʻinohoʻomanawanui thought of food, much food. His companion spoke of being the ruler’s son-in-law and achieving honors. Unknown to them, their discussion was overheard and reported to the ruler. Kakuhihewa was angered but was appeased by his kahuna, who told him that the wish for food was indeed worthless but the wish to be his son-in-law showed ambition and a desire to accomplish.]
1763Ke kū nō a Maui; ke kiʻei nō a Lānaʻi; ka moe nō a Molokaʻi; ka noho nō a Oʻahu.Maui stands; Lānaʻi peers in; Molokaʻi sleeps; Oʻahu sits.
 [Said of people who stand about, look on, go to sleep and sit around, but who do not lend a hand with work.]
1777Ke one lauʻena a Kāne.The rich, fertile land of Kāne.
 [Puna, Hawaiʻi, was said to have been a beautiful, fertile land loved by the god Kāne. Pele came from Kahiki and changed it into a land of lava beds, cinder, and rock.]
1786Kiʻekiʻe ka lele a ke ao i ka lani, i hāpai ʻia e ka makani i luna.High flies the cloud in the sky, lifted by the wind.
 [Said of one whose position is elevated by a chief.]
1788Kihe, a mauli ola.Sneeze, and may you have long life.
 [Said when someone sneezes. [exclamation to one who has sneezed, to ward off ill effects (PE)]]
1798Kīkī kōʻele huli a mahi.An uncultivated patch awaiting all workers.
 [A big project.]
1816Kohala, mai Honokeʻā a Keahualono.Kohala, from Honokeʻā to Keahuaiono.
 [The extent of Kohala.]
1825Kokolo no o pipipi, o kalamoe me ālealea a ke alo o Kuhaimoana.Pipipi, kalamoe and ālealea crept to the presence of Kuhaimoana.
 [Kuhaimoana is an important shark god, and pipipi, kalamoe and ālealea are shellfish. Said of hangers-on who gather around an important person for favors.]
1829Kōlea kau āhua, a uliuli ka umauma hoʻi i Kahiki.Plover that perches on the mound, waits till its breast darkens, then departs for Kahiki.
 [The darkening of the breast is a sign that a plover is fat. It flies to these islands from Alaska in the fall and departs in the spring, arriving thin and hungry and departing fat. Applied to a person who comes here, acquires weahh, and departs.]
1834Komo akula i ke anapuni a Limaloa.Entered the circle of Limaloa.
 [A play on Lima-loa (Long-hand). He has entered the domain of one who has the upper hand.]
1835Komo akula ʻoe i ka ʻai a ka lua i Kealapiʻiakaʻōpae.You are caught by the hold in lua fghting called Kealapiʻiakaʻōpae.
1839Kona ʻākau, mai Keahualono a Puʻuohau.North Kona,from Keahualono to Puʻuohau.
 [The boundary of North Kona, Hawaiʻi.]
1840Kona hema, mai Puʻuohau a Kaheawai.South Kona from Puʻuohau to Kaheawai.
 [The boundaries of South Kona.]
1843Kona, kai malino a Ehu.Kona, land of the calm sea of Ehu.
 [Ehunuikaimalino was a chief of Kona, Hawaiʻi, under the ruler Liloa.]
1845Kona, mai ka puʻu o Kapūkakī a ka puʻu o Kawaihoa.Kona, from Kapūkakī to Kawaihoa.
 [The extent of the Kona district on Oʻahu is from Kapūkakī (now Red Hill) to Kawaihoa (now Koko Head).]
1852Kōpī wale nō i ka iʻa a ʻeu nō ka ilo.Though the fish is well salted, the maggots crawl.
 [Similar to the saying, “There’s a skeleton in every closet.”]
1853Koʻūkoʻū i ka wai a ka nāulu.Tasty to the palate is the water of the showers.
 [Said of drinks.]
1857a keʻokeʻo; ʻaʻohe i hōʻea mai.Have stood until bleached white; no one came.
 [Said of a long, hopeless wait.]
1858Kū akula i ka pana a Pikoi-a-ka-ʻalalā, keiki pana ʻiole o ke kula o Keahumoa.Shot by the arrow of Pikoi-[son] of-the-crow, the expert rat-shooter of the plain of Keahumoa.
 [Got his just deserts.]
1861a māloʻeloʻe, lālau nā lima i ka hoe nui me ka hoe iki.Stand up straight; reach for the big and little paddle.
 [Said to young people — be prepared to weather whatever comes your way.]
1863Kuehu ka ʻai hoʻopau a ka ua.Shaken up are the products over which the rain did its best to produce.
 [Said of good crops as a result of showers.]
1867Kuhi nō ka lima, ʻāwihi nō ka maka, ʻo ka loaʻa nō ia a ka maka onaona.With a hand gesture and a wink, an attractive person can get whatever he desires.
1869Kū hoʻolehelehekiʻi i ka mahina ʻai a Nūkeʻe.Standing like a protruding-lip image at the food patch of Nūkeʻe.
 [Standing around doing nothing, gaining nothing; hence, worth nothing. The reference to Nūkeʻe (Twist-mouth) adds a touch of contempt.]
1870Kuʻia ka hele a ka naʻau haʻahaʻa.Hesitant walks the humble hearted.
 [A humble person walks carefully so he will not hurt those about him.]
1883Kuʻikuʻi, hana pele; holo i uka, holo i kai, holo i kahi e peʻe ai a nalo.Pound, pound, pulverize; run mountainward, run seaward, run till you find a hiding place and hide.
 [The chant used in hide-and-go-seek. One child gently pounds the back of the “master” and repeats this chant while the other children run and hide.]
1893Kū ka pao a Keawe.Keawe’s burial place stands.
 [Said of Hale-o-Keawe in Hōnaunau, Kona, Hawaiʻi.]
1903Kukū a kākalaioa.Thorny like the kākalaioa plant.
 [Said of any unpleasant condition.]
1906Kukū ka pihapiha a piʻi ka lena.The gills stand out and the yellow color arises.
 [Filled with anger.]
1909Kūkulu kauhale a Limaloa.Limaloa builds his house.
 [Limaloa was the god of mirages who at certain times of the year would build a village in the moonlight at Mānā, Kauaʻi. The village would vanish as quickly as it had appeared.]
1931Kupouli Kānehoa i ka hele a Kaukaʻōpua.Kānehoa is darkened by the departure of Kaukaʻōpua.
 [Said of dark grief at the departure of a loved one.]
1942Lālau aku ʻoe i ka ʻulu i ka wēkiu, i ke alo nō ka ʻulu, a hala.You reach for the breadfruit away at the top and miss the one in front of you.
 [Sometimes one who reaches afar misses an opportunity that is right before him. Once Kalākaua promised to give a better position to Kamaʻiopili of Maui, but then forgot his promise. One day, while playing billiards with the king, Kamaʻiopili purposely played very badly and exclaimed, “I ke alo nō ka ʻulu, a hala,” whenever he missed the cue ball (ʻulu). This puzzled the king, and when the game was over, he asked a man who knew all the old sayings what Kamaʻiopili had meant. The king was told that Kamaʻiopili was reminding him that others had been rewarded with good positions, but that the man right in front of him, Kamaʻiopili, had been forgotten.]
1943Lānaʻi a Kaululāʻau.Lānai of Kaululāʻau.
 [Said in admiration of Lānaʻi. Kaululāʻau was a Maui chief banished to Lānaʻi by his father for destroying his breadfruit grove. By trickery Kaululāʻau destroyed the island’s evil spirits and became its ruler.]
1944Lānaʻi a ke aea.Lānai raises its face.
 [A rude expression for the people of Lānaʻi. Once, a Lānaʻi chief was conquered in battle, and the conqueror offered him either humiliation or death. He was to choose between kissing his conqueror’s penis or receiving a death clout on the head with a club. He chose humiliation, and as he bent to kiss the penis, he lifted his face quickly in distaste. Hence this saying. His relatives were ashamed, for they felt he should have chosen death and retained his dignity as a chief.]
1955Laulaha ka ʻai a ke ʻahi.The ʻahi fish takes the hook in swarms.
 [Said when the sea is full of canoes fishing for ʻahi. Also said of a successful business — customers come in swarms.]
1957Lawe i ka maʻalea a kūʻonoʻono.Take wisdom and make it deep.
1960Lawe liʻiliʻi ka make a ka Hawaiʻi, lawe nui ka make a ka haole.Death by Hawaiians takes a few at a time; death by foreigners takes many.
 [The diseases that were known in the islands before the advent of foreigners caused fewer deaths than those that were introduced.]
1963Leʻa ka ʻai a ka ʻiole, ua nui ka ʻili.The rats joyously eat their fill, there are many skins [remaining].
 [There were two Hilo brothers who lived at Kukuau and Puʻueo. The latter was very prosperous but neglectful of his needy brother. One day the Kukuau man decided to visit his wealthy brother and found many friends eating. After watching them for a while he made this remark. It was overheard by someone who reported it to their host. When he came to see who it was he found that it was his own brother. Sadly he realized then how he had neglected his own kin while outsiders enjoyed his weakh. This saying is sometimes used for one who does for outsiders but neglects his own.]
1964Leʻa kaena a ka lawaiʻa, ua mālie.The fisherman enjoys bragging when the weather is calm.
 [A person who enjoys peace and comfort can very well boast of his luck.]
1966Leʻa kūlou a ka lawaiʻa, ua mālie.The fisherman enjoys bending over in his work when all is calm.
 [When the sea is calm and no gales blow, the fisherman can enjoy fishing.]
2004Lilo akula ka nui a koe ka unahi.Most [of the fish] are taken and only the scales are left.
 [Said after someone has taken the lion’s share for himself.]
2006Lilo i Puna i ke au a ka hewahewa, hoʻi mai ua piha ka hale i ke akua.Gone to Puna on a vagrant current and returning, fnds the house full of imps.
 [From a chant by Hiʻiaka when she faced the lizard god Panaʻewa and his forest full of imps in a battle. It was later used to refer to one who goes on his way and comes home to find things not to his liking.]
2012Liʻuliʻu wale ka nohona i ka lā o Hauola, a holoholo i ke one o ʻAlio.Long has one tarried in the sunlight of Hauola and walked on the sand of ʻAlio.
 [Said in praise of an aged person. There is a play on ola (life) in the name Hauola.]
2014Loaʻa i ka lāʻau a Kekuaokalani, ʻo Lehelehekiʻi.You will get Kekuaokalani s club called Lehelehekiʻi.
 [You will find nothing but disappointment. Kekuaokalani was a nephew of Kamehameha I, to whom the latter entrusted the care of his war god after his death. Kekuaokalani had a club called Lehelehe-kiʻi (Lips-of-an-image). One meaning of Lehelehekiʻi is “to get around doing nothing but ʻlip’,” that is, talking.]
2020Lomia a wali i ka wali lima ʻole a ke aloha.Squeezed and crushed by love, who does it without hands.
 [Said of heartrending grief.]
2026Luhi ʻuʻa i ka ʻai a ka lio.Wasted time and labor getting food for the horse.
 [Applied to one who worked hard, like a Hawaiian sailor on a whaling ship. Retuming home with a well-filled pocket, he would find many friends and girlfriends to help him spend his earnings. In a very short time his cash would be gone and his friends would find another prosperous person. Sadly he would retum to work.]
2046"Mai hea mai ʻoe?" "Mai Kona mai." "Pehea ka ua o Kona?" "Palahī puaʻa ka ua o Kona." "A pehea ke aku?" "Hī ka pā, hī ka malau."“Where are you from?” “From Kona.” “How is the rain of Kona?” “The rain of Kona pours like the watery excreta of a hog.” “How are the aku fish?” “They run loose from the hook and the bait carrier.”
 [Said in fun of one suffering from loose bowels. Once, a chief was out relieving himself when his bowels were very loose. A runner came by the little-traveled path through the underbrush and seeing the chief there extended his greetings. The chief began to ask questions, which the runner answered. When the chief went home he told those of his household of the abundance of rain and the run of fish in Kona. His servant, whose curiosity was roused, asked, “What were you doing at the time?” “I was excreting, and my bowels were loose,” answered the chief. “He wasn’t talking about the rain and fish,” said the servant, “he was talking about you.” The chief was angry when he heard this, but it was too late to do anything about it.]
2056Mai ka ā a ka w.From A to W.
 [The alphabet of Hawaiian.]
2058Mai ka hikina a ka lā i Kumukahi a ka welona a ka lā i Lehua.From the sunrise at Kumukahi to the fading sunlight at Lehua.
 [From sunrise to sunset. Kumukahi, in Puna, Hawaiʻi, was called the land of the sunrise and Lehua, the land of the sunset. This saying also refers to a life span — from birth to death.]
2059Mai ka hoʻokuʻi a ka hālāwai.From zenith to horizon.
 [An expression mueh used in prayers. In calling upon the gods in prayers, one mentions those from the east, west, north, south, and those from zenith to horizon.]
2061Maikaʻi nō ka hoʻoipoipo i ka wā e lana ana ke koko; a pau ka lana ana, pau nō ka hie o ia mea.Lovemaking is good when the blood is circulating freely [in youth]; but when the blood ceases to circulate freely [as in old age] the pleasure one derives from it ceases.
2062Mai ka lā hiki a ka lā kau.From the sun’s arrival to the sun’s rest.
 [Said of a day, from sunrise to sunset. This phrase is much used in prayers. Any mention of the setting of the sun was avoided in prayers for the sick; instead one referred to the sun’s rest, thus suggesting rest and renewal rather than permanent departure.]
2063Mai ka lā ʻōʻili i Haʻehaʻe a hāliʻi i ka mole o Lehua.From the appearance of the sun at Haʻehaʻe till it spreads its light to the foundation of Lehua.
 [Haʻehaʻe is a place at Kumukahi, Puna, Hawaiʻi, often referred to in poetry as the gateway of the sun.]
2064Mai ka ʻōʻili ʻana a ka lā i Kumukahi a ka lā iho aku i ka mole ʻolu o Lehua.From the appearance of the sun at Kumukahi till its descent beyond the pleasant base of Lehua.
 [From the sunrise at Kumukahi, in Puna, Hawaiʻi, to the sunset beyond the islet of Lehua.]
2065Mai kāpae i ke aʻo a ka makua, aia he ola ma laila.Do not set aside the teachings of one’s parents for there is life there.
2066Mai ka piko o ke poʻo a ka poli o ka wāwae, a laʻa ma nā kihi ʻehā o ke kino.From the crown of the head to the soles of the feet, and the four corners of the body.
 [An expression used in prayers of healing. The four corners are the shoulders and hips; between them are the vital organs of the body.]
2068Mai ka uka a ke kai, mai kahi pae a kahi pae o Kaʻū, he hoʻokahi nō ʻohana.From the upland to the sea, from end to end of Kaʻū, there is only one family.
 [The inhabitants of old Kaʻū were of one family.]
2070Mai ke kai kuwā e nū ana i ka ulu hala o Keaʻau a ka ʻāina kāʻili lā o lalo o ka Waikūʻauhoe.From the noisy sea that moans to the hala groves of Keaʻau, to the land that snatches away the sun, below Waikuauhoe.
 [From Puna, Hawaiʻi, where the sun was said to rise, to Lehua, beyond Waikūʻauhoe, where it vanishes out of sight.]
2071Mai ke kumu a ka welau.From trunk to leaf buds.
 [The whole thing.]
2072Mai kīʻai a hālo wale i ko haʻi ʻīpuka o pā auaneʻi i ka leo.Do not peer or peep in the doorway of other people’s houses or you’ll be struck by the voice.
 [Mind your own business, or you’ll hear something that will hurt your feelings.]
2073Mai Kinohi a Hōʻike ʻAna.From Genesis to Revelation.
 [From the beginning to the end. A favorite expression after Christianity was introduced.]
2083Mai pale i ke aʻo a ka makua.Do not set aside the teachings of a parent.
2085Mai puni aku o hei i ka ʻupena a ka Lawakua.Do not helieve it or youll he caught in the net of the Lawakua wind.
 [Why believe all that? It is only wind.]
2103Make auaneʻi i ka moana a pae kupapaʻu i Lānaʻi.May probahly die at sea and his corpse wash ashore on Lānaʻi.
 [Refers to a person on a very hazardous venture.]
2106Make nō ke kalo a ola i ka naio.The taro dies but lives again in the pinworm.
 [The matter may be thought dead, but it is likely to come alive again. Naio (pinworms) were sometimes found in poi and caused itching in the anal passage.]
2107Make nō ke kalo a ola i ka palili.The taro may die but lives on in the young plants that it produces.
 [One lives on in his children.]
2109Make o Keawe a kū i ke kāʻai.Keawe died and stood in the kāʻai.
 [The kāʻai is a plaited container for the bones of a deceased chief. The head was placed in an upper compartment and the bones of the body in the lower one, which was shaped like an armless, legless torso.]
2111Make ʻo Mikololou a ola i ke alelo.Mikololou died and lived again through his tongue.
 [Said of one who talks himself out of a predicament. Mikololou was a shark god of Maui destroyed by the shark goddess Kaʻahupāhau of Pearl Harbor for expressing a desire to eat a human being. He was drawn up to land where his flesh fell off and dried in the heat of the sun. One day some children found his tongue in the sand and played with it, tossing it back and forth. When it fell into the sea, the spirit of Mikololou possessed it and it became a living shark again.]
2127Ma loko o ka hale, hoʻopuka ʻia ka pili, a ma waho o ka hale, he haku ia.Inside of the house you may mention your relationship, but outside of the house your chief is your lord.
 [Those who served the chief in his home were usually loyal blood relatives. From childhood they were taught not to discuss the relationship with anyone outside of the household, and always to refer to their chief as Kuu haku (My lord), never by any relationship term. Only the chief could mention a relationship if he chose.]
2135Mānā, i ka puʻe kalo hoʻoneʻeneʻe a ka wai.Mānā, where the mounded taro moves in the water.
 [Refers to Mānā, Kauaʻi. In ancient days there were five patches at Kolo, Mānā, in which deep water mound-planting was done for taro. As the plants grew, the rootlets were allowed to spread undisturbed because they helped to hold the soil together. When the rainy season came, the whole area was flooded as far as Kalamaihiki, and it took weeks for the water to subside. The farmers built rafts of sticks and rushes, then dived into the water. They worked the bases of the taro mounds free and lifted them carefully, so as not to disturb the soil, to the rafts where they were secured. The weight of the mounds submerged the rafts but permitted the taro stalks to grow above water just as they did before the flood came. The rafts were tied together to form a large, floating field of taro.]
2143Maui a Kama.Maui, island of Kama.
 [Kamalalawalu was a ruling chief of Maui.]
2152Mehameha wale nō ʻo Puʻuloa, i ka hele a Kaʻahupāhau.Puuloa hecame lonely when Kaʻahupāhau went away.
 [The home is lonely when a loved one has gone. Kaʻahupāhau, guardian shark of Puʻuloa (Pearl Harbor), was dearly loved by the people.]
2154Me he makamaka lā ka ua no Kona, ke hele lā a kipa i Hanakahi.The rain is like a friend from Kona — it goes and calls on Hanakahi.
 [These are two lines from an old chant used to express a friendly visit with one who dwells in a distant place.]
2160Moʻa i kapuahi a Uli.Cooked in Uli’s fireplace.
 [Destroyed by sorcery.]
2168Moe i ka moe kau a hoʻoilo.Asleep with the sleep that lasts through summers and winters.
 [Dead.]
2171Moe kūpuna i ka mamo, a puka hou mai nō nā mamo.Ancestors slept with descendants, and more descendants were born.
 [Said when a girl mates with a supernatural lover in a dream and later bears him a child. The lover might be a family ʻaumakua, hence the reference to an ancestor.]
2177Moe poʻo a hiʻu i Kalaeʻoiʻo.Lies head and tail at Kalaeʻoiʻo.
 [Is up to the neck in trouble. Processions of ghosts were sometimes encountered here. If one had a relative among them, he escaped death; if not, he perished.]
2184Mokihana onaona o Maunahina, lei hoʻohihi a ka malihini.The fragrant mokihana berries of Maunahina, lei in which visitors delight.
 [Maunahina is a mountain on Kauaʻi, where the mokihana berries grow best.]
2186Moku i ka ʻohe a Kahaʻi.Cut off by the bamboo knife of Kahaʻi.
 [Said of any complete severing. Kahaʻi was a chief who traveled afar. He is credited with introducing the first breadfruit plant to the islands.]
2194Molokaʻi nui a Hina.Great Molokaʻi, land of Hina.
 [The goddess Hina is said to be the mother of Molokaʻi.]
2208Nahā ka huewai a ua kahe ka wai.The gourd water-bottle is broken and the water has run out.
 [The body is dead; life has fled.]
2213Nahā nā ʻōmaka wai a ka lihilihi.Broken are the water-holders of the eyelashes.
 [Tears spill.]
2218Nā hono a Piʻilani.The bays of Piʻilani.
 [The realm of Piʻilani, a powerful ruling chief of Maui, included the islands of Molokaʻi and Lānaʻi, as well as all the bays of Maui whose names begin with hono.]
2232Na ka puaʻa e ʻai; a na ka puaʻa ana paha e ʻai.[It is] for the pigs to eat; and perhaps the pigs will taste [you].
 [A reminder to be hospitable to strangers. From the following story: A missionary and two Hawaiian companions arrived hungry and tired in Keonepoko, Puna, after walking a long distance. Seeing some natives removing cooked breadfruit from an imu, they asked if they could have some. “No,” said the natives, “it is for the pigs to eat.” So the visitors moved on. Not long after, leprosy broke out among the people of Puna. The first to contract it were taken to Oʻahu and later sent on to Kalaupapa. Others died at home and were buried. When the last ones fmally died, there was no one to bury them, and the pigs feasted on their bodies. Thus, justice was served.]
2235Nā keiki a Kālaihaohia.The children of Kālaihaohia.
 [Greedy people. A play on kālai (hew) and haohia (grab-all-one-can).]
2242Nā kuʻi a Meheʻula.The blows of Meheʻula.
 [Meheʻula was a war leader of Kalaniōpuʻu who, when defeated, would run away and return later. This saying is applied to one who runs away and returns later to resume the fight.]
2248Nā laʻi a Ehu.The calm regions of Ehu.
 [The districts of Kona, Hawaiʻi, where Ehunuikaumanamana once ruled. Also, an epithet for Kalākaua, taken from a name chant.]
2249Nā lālā kapu a Lono.The sacred branches of Lono.
 [Refers to the various branches of the chiefly families directly descended from the god Lonoikamakahiki.]
2260Nā mamo a ke kipi.Descendants of rebels.
 [Said of the people of Kaʻū, who rebelled against oppression.]
2270Nānā nō a ka lāʻau kū hoʻokahi.Look for the plant that stands alone.
 [Often said by those seeking strong medicinal herbs. A plant that stood by itself was considered better for medicine than one that grew close to others of its kind.]
2271Nānā nō a ka ʻulu i pakī kēpau.Look for the gummy breadfruit.
 [Advice to a young girl — Look for a man who has substance, like gummy breadfruit, which is a sign of maturity.]
2274Nani ka ʻike a ka heʻe i nā wahi leho liʻiliʻi.It is wonderful how the octopus notices the little cowries.
 [Said sarcastically of a man who looks at young girls with lust.]
2276Nani ka waiho a Kohala i ka laʻi.Beautiful lies Kohala in the calm.
 [An expression of admiration for Kohala, Hawaiʻi, or for a person with poise and charm — especially a native of that district.]
2279Nā niu kulakulaʻi a nā aliʻi ʻai moku.The coconut trees pushed over by the ruling chiefs.
2283Nā pahu kapu a Laʻamaikahiki, ʻŌpuku lāua ʻo Hāwea.The sacred drums of Laʻamaikahiki — ʻŌpuku and Hāwea.
 [These were the drums brought by Laʻamaikahiki from the South Sea.]
2287Nāpelepele nā pali o Kalalau i ka wili a ka makani.Weakened are the cliffs of Kalalau in being buffeted by the wind.
 [Said of one who is worn out.]
2289Nā pōhaku kālai a ʻUmi.The hewn stones of ʻUmi.
 [The girls in the household of ʻUmi, chief of Hawaiʻi, were well cared for; but, like stones, they did not go freely from place to place.]
2294Nāu ke keiki, kūkae a naʻau.Yours is the child, excreta, intestines and all.
 [In giving a child to adoptive parents, the true parents warned that under no condition would they take the child back. To do so would be disastrous for the child. Recognition, love, and help might continue; but removal while the adoptive parents live — never.]
2306Neʻe papa ka helu a ka lā i Punahoa.The sun continued to scorch at Punahoa.
 [The fight didn’t end quickly.]
2312Niʻihau a Kahelelani.Niʻihau, land of Kahelelani.
 [Kahelelani was the name of an ancient ruler of the island of Niʻihau. The tiny seashell that is made into the finest lei on the island now bears the name of Kahelelani.]
2318Noʻeau ka hana a ka ua; akamai ka ʻimina o ka noʻonoʻo.Clever are the deeds of the rain; wise in seeking knowledge.
 [Said in admiration of a clever person.]
2327Noho nā makani a Kāne, lawe i ke ō.When the winds of Kāne blow, carry your food along.
 [When one doesn’t know what to expect, it is better to be prepared. On windy days, fruits fall and vegetable crops are lashed and beaten.]
2328Noho nō ke kanaka a ka lā mālie, kau ka ipu hōkeo a ka lawaiʻa, nānā ana i ka ʻōpua.A person waits for a clear day, sets up the gourd that holds the fishermans paraphernalia, and observes the clouds.
 [To a fisherman, a clear day, his tools, and the signs and omens seen in the clouds are important.]
2332No kahi ka pilikia, pau a pau.When one is in trouble, all [give aid].
2345Noʻu o luna, noʻu o lalo, noʻu o uka, noʻu o kai, noʻu nā wahi a pau.Above, below, the upland, the lowland are mine; everywhere is mine.
 [Said by Kamehameha III to encourage his lover Kalama to come to him. She need not fear the wrath of Kaʻahumanu for he, Kamehameha, was the master everywhere.]
2241Nā kōhi kelekele a Kapuʻukolu.The rich foods of the Triple Hills.
 [Kapuʻukolu is on Kauaʻi, an island known for its abundance. This saying describes any abundance of delicious food.]
2352Oʻahu a Lua.Oʻahu, island of Lua.
 [According to an old legend, Lua is the father of Oʻahu.]
2361ʻOhi aku ka pō a koe kēia.The night has taken all but this one.
 [All are dead; this is the only survivor.]
2369ʻO Hinaiaʻeleʻele ka malama, ʻāluka ka pala a ka ʻōhiʻa.Hinaiaʻeleʻele is the month when the mountain apples open everywhere.
2371ʻO Hinaiaʻeleʻele ke kāne, ʻo Pōʻeleʻi ka wahine, hānau ke keiki, he keiki ʻakena a haʻanui.Hinaiaʻeleʻele is the husband, Pōʻeleʻi (Supreme-dark-one) the wife; a child born to them is a boaster and an exaggerator.
 [Said of a child born in the month of Hinaiaʻeleʻele.]
2372ʻOhi wale ka iʻa a Palapala.Palapala merely takes the fish.
 [Said when a person who does nothing profits from the labor of others. Palapala was a lazy fellow who did no fishing himself but knew the ancient rule about fish caught in a net: when a net full of fish was drawn ashore, no one — child or adult — was rebuked when he picked out a fish for himself. Nobody minded that Palapala often took fish, but his boast ʻOhi wale ka iʻa a Palapala annoyed them.]
2385ʻO ia mau nō nā ēwe a Kamaunuaniho.The descendants of Kamaunuaniho are ever the same.
 [A play on niho (teeth) in the name Kamaunuaniho. Said of a nasty person.]
2396ʻO Kaʻaona ka pua i ka uahi o ka hoʻoilo, a ulu māhiehie.In Kaʻaona [is used] the dart that has rested in the smoke during the rainy months until it acquires beauty.
 [Said of the month Kaʻaona, when the young people bring out their darts for games. These darts had reddened in the smoke of the fireplaces during the wet months. With rubbing and polishing they acquired a beautiful sheen.]
2400ʻO Kāʻelo ka malama, pulu ke aho a ka lawaiʻa.Kāʻelo is the month when the fisherman’s lines are wet.
 [Kāʻelo was a good time to do deep-sea fishing.]
2403ʻO ka hana ia a ka lawaiʻa iwi paoa, iho nō ka makau, piʻi nō ka iʻa.That is the way of a fisherman with lucky bones — down goes his hook, up comes a fish.
 [Said of a lucky person. It was believed that certain people’s bones brought them luck in fishing. When they died their bones were sought for the making of fishhooks.]
2431ʻO ka ʻOle ia, mai ʻOlekukāhi a ʻOlekupau.It is the ʻOle nights from ʻOlekukāhi to ʻOlekupau.
 [No. Absolutely not. A play on ʻole (nothing). ʻOlekukāhi, ʻOlekulua, ʻOlekukolu and ʻOlekupau are moon phases in the lunar month.]
2432ʻO ka pā ʻai a ka iʻa, kuhi ka lima, leʻa ka hāʻawi.With a pearl fishhook that the fish grasps, one can point with the hand and give with pleasure.
 [A good fishhook brings in enough food for the family and to give to relatives and friends.]
2434ʻO ka piʻi nō ia a Kōkī-o-Wailau.Ascended to the topmost part of Wailau.
 [An expression of admiration for one who reaches the top in spite of difficulties. Kōkī-o-Wailau is a peak on Molokaʻi whose sides are steep and difficult to ascend.]
2437ʻO ka pono ke hana ʻia a iho mai nā lani.Continue to do good until the heavens come down to you.
 [Blessings come to those who persist in doing good.]
2439ʻO kapuahi aku ia a Uli.That is Uli’s fireplace.
 [That is a place where a sorcerer may burn a personal possession of his chosen victim. Uli was a god to whom a sorcerer might appeal. This is a warning to watch out lest one run into sorcery.]
2443ʻO Kaulua ka malama, ʻolo ka ʻōpū mālolo a ka lawaiʻa.Kaulua is the month when the bag nets of the fishermen sag with flying fish.
2449ʻO ke alelo ka hoe uli o ka ʻōlelo a ka waha.The tongue is the steering paddle of the words uttered by the mouth.
 [Advice to heed the tongue lest it speak words that offend.]
2451ʻO ke aliʻi lilo i ka leʻaleʻa a mālama ʻole i ke kanaka me ke kapu akua, ʻaʻole ia he aliʻi e kū ai i ka moku.The chief who is taken with pleasure-seeking and cares not for the welfare of the people or the observation of the kapu of the gods, is not the chief who will become a ruler.
 [Said by Kekūhaupiʻo to Kamehameha. Advice to young people that success comes not by seeking idle pleasure but by living up to one’s beliefs and caring for the welfare of others.]
2477Ola a kau kō kea.Lives till the sugar cane tassels.
 [Said of one who lives until his hair whitens with age.]
2482ʻOla i ka wai a ka ʻōpua.There is life in the water from the clouds.
 [Rain gives life.]
2493ʻOlapa ka hoe a ka lawaiʻa, he ʻino.Diffcult to handle is the paddle of the fisherman in a storm.
 [Said of one struggling against a difficult situation. First uttered by Pele in a chant about the winds of Kauaʻi.]
2506ʻO Mahoehope ke kāne, ʻo Lanihua ka wahine, hānau ke keiki he kōkua nui a waiū nunui.Mahoehope is the husband, Lanihua (Productive-heavenly-one) is the wife; a child born to them is either thick-shouldered or large-busted.
 [Said of a child born in the month of Mahoehope. If a boy, he would be strong-shouldered and able to do much work; if a girl, she would be large of breast.]
2514ʻO nā hōkū o ka lani kai ʻike iā Pae. Aia a loaʻa ka pūnana o ke kōlea, loaʻa ʻo ia iā ʻoe.Only the stars of heaven know where Pae is. When you find a plover’s nest, then you will find him.
 [Said of something so well hidden that it will not be found. Pae was a priest in the reign of ʻUmi. He was so lucky in fishing that the chief desired his bones for fishhooks after his death. When Pae died, his sons hid his bones so well that none of the chiefs and priests could find them. The sons would say, “When you find the nest of the plover, then will you find him.” But ʻUmi enlisted the help of a noted priest of Kauaʻi, who saw the ghost of Pae drinking from a spring in Waimanu Valley. Thus were the bones of Pae found and made into fishhooks for the chief. The sons of Pae were reminded that the chief was using their father’s bones for hooks by his constant cry, “O Pae, hold fast to our fish!”]
2520ʻOni kalalea ke kū a ka lāʻau loa.A tall tree stands above the others.
 [Said of a person of outstanding achievements.]
2524ʻO ʻoe, a ʻo wau, nalo ia mea.You and me; it is hidden.
 [Let the secret be with us alone.]
2525ʻO ʻoe hoʻi kahi i Haʻupu kēlā, ua kupu a kiʻekiʻe i luna.You, too, were on the tall hill of Haʻupu going all the way up to the very top.
 [Said sarcastically to a person who boasts of his greatness.]
2535ʻO Poʻo ke koʻa, ka ipu kai aloha a nā aliʻi.Poo is the fishing ground, beloved meat dish of chiefis.
 [Said of Poʻo, a favorite fishing place of the chiefs of Oʻahu, located near Mokumanu. Nuʻuanu Pali is the landmark by which it was located.]
2553Paʻa aku i ka lani o kā ke akua ia, a hāʻule mai i lalo o kā Laiana ia.What is held up in heaven is Godʻs, and what falls below is Lyonsʻs.
 [A reply made by the Reverend Lorenzo Lyons (Makua Laiana) when he was charged with being careless in accepting people as members of his church. He loved and accepted them and did not adhere rigidly to certain rules before allowing them to become members.]
2555Paʻa i ke aupuni a Limaloa.Held fast by the kingdom of Limaloa.
 [A play on Lima-loa (Long-hand). The Big-grabber has it all now.]
2571Paʻi ana nā pahu a hula leʻa; ʻo kaʻu hula nō kēia.Let the better-enjoyed hula chanters beat their own drums; this is the hula chant that I know.
 [A retort: Let those who claim to know a lot produce their knowledge; this is what I know.]
2572Paʻi a paʻi; like a like.A slap and a slap; equal to equal.
 [A tie. Also, when agreement is reached as to the terms of a game, a contestant holds out his hand to be gently slapped by his opponent, then the opponent holds out his hand to be slapped. This clinches the terms, and the game begins.]
2578Pākahi ka nehu a Kapiʻioho.The nehu of Kapiioho are divided, one to a person.
 [Kapiʻioho, ruler of Molokaʻi, had two ponds, Mauʻoni and Kanahā, built on his land at Kahului, Maui. The men who were brought from Molokaʻi and Oʻahu to build the ponds were fed on food brought over from Molokaʻi. The drain on that island was often so great that the men were reduced to eating nehu fish, freshwater ʻōpae and poi. The saying is used when poi is plentiful but fish is scarce and has to be carefully rationed.]
2585Pala ʻaluʻalu ka ʻai a kamaliʻi.Mostly peel when matured are the crops of children.
 [Children, lacking the strength of adults, are not successful farmers.]
2592Palakī a Moemoe.Ti daubs of Moemoe.
 [Excrement. Ti eaten in great quantity loosens the bowels. Moemoe was a prophet whose excrement, when questioned, was said to reply of his whereabouts.]
2610Pau kōkō a Makaliʻi i ka ʻai ʻia e ka ʻiole.The net of Makaliʻi was all chewed up by the rat.
 [A total loss.]
2624Pēlā iho a hala aʻe ka ua ka mea makaʻu.Wait until the thing that is feared, the rain, has gone its way.
 [Wait until this person whom we are afraid of or do not want with us has gone.]
2625Pepeʻe a palaholo.A rolled-up frond — paste for tapa cloth.
 [Said of the ʻamaʻu fern, which furnishes sap used in tapa-making. Implies the same thought as the saying, “Great oaks from little acorns grow.”]
2633Piʻi aku a kau i ka nuʻu.Ascend and stand on the nuʻu.
 [Ascend to a place of honor. The nuʻu is a very kapu place reserved for certain chiefs.]
2637Piʻi ka ʻula a hanini i kumu pepeiao.The red rises till it spills over the base of the ears.
 [Said of one who blushes violently or of one who is flushed with anger.]
2651Pilikia hoʻi kau a lohe mai.Troubles that [do not] hear.
 [Serious trouble indeed.]
2660Pipili i ka hana makamaka ʻole, hoʻokahi nō makamaka o ke kaunu a ka manaʻo.Sticks to the work in which friends are ignored; only one friend is considered, the desire of the heart.
 [Said of one who is in love and pays no attention to anyone except the object of his affection.]
2681Poho pono nā peʻa heke a kū ana.A well-filled topsail helped him to arrive.
 [Said of a fast traveler.]
2684"Pokeokeo, pokeokeo," wahi a ka pelehū.“Gobble, gobble,” says the turkey.
 [Said of one who has received a sizeable sum or is financially secure. A play on pōkeokeo, which refers to the turkeyʻs gobble as well as to a substantial amount of money.]
2688Pololei a ka waha o ke ʻahi.Straight to the mouth of the ʻahi fish.
 [Directly to the point. Used in a fishermanʻs prayers to the gods to take the hook and bait directly to the mouth of the fish.]
2699Pua ka uahi o ko a uka, manaʻo ke ola o ko a kai.When the smoke [from the fires] of the upland dwellers rises, the shore dwellers think of life.
 [Shore dwellers depended on the uplanders for poi.]
2722Puhipuhi lāʻau a kahuna, ka maunu loaʻa a ka pupuka.By blowing the medicine given by a kahuna, can the ugly gain his desire.
 [Said of one who resorted to the prayers and ceremonies of a kahuna hana aloha to gain the love of his desired one. The person consulting the kahuna ate pilimai and manulele sugar cane after the kahuna had dedicated them to Makanikeoe, the love god. Then he blew in the direction of the desired person. The god, who also had a wind form, bore the mana along, and when it touched the one desired he or she became very much in love with the sender. When used with evil intent — for revenge or to humiliate — the sender is spoken of as an ugly person who has no charm of his own, hence he must resort to sorcery.]
2723Puʻipuʻi a ka lawaiʻa.Stout fishing lad.
 [Said of an energetic fisherman. ʻUmi was so called because of his skill in fishing.]
2724Pūʻiwa i ka lāʻau pākuʻikuʻi a ka lawaiʻa.Frightened by the splashing stick of the fisherman.
 [Said of those who are suddenly frightened and flee in panic, like fish driven into the net by the stick that beats the water.]
2739Pulu ihola i ka wai a ka nāulu.Drenched by the water from the rain clouds.
 [Drunk.]
2741Pulu i ka wai naoa a ke kēhau.Wet by the icy cold dew.
 [Drunk.]
2746Punaluʻu, i ke kai kau haʻa a ka malihini.Punaluu, where the sea dances for the visitors.
 [Punaluʻu, Kaʻū, Hawaiʻi, is said to be the place where the sea dances to delight visitors.]
2747Puna, mai ʻOkiʻokiaho a Mawae.Puna, from ʻOkiʻokiaho to Mawae.
 [The extent of Puna is from ʻOkiʻokiaho on the Kaʻū side to Mawae on the Hilo side.]
2750Pūʻolo waimaka a ke aloha.Tears [are] bundles of love.
 [Love brings tears to the eyes.]
2761Pupuʻu hoʻolei loa, a noho ana!A humping up and a fling, and there he was!
 [Said of one who traveled very swiftly — as though he had flung himself through the air.]
2772Ua aʻo a ua ʻailolo.He trained until he ate brains.
 [He became an expert. In ancient days, the person who finished a course of study ate some of the brain of the hog or fish offered to the god of his art.]
2785Ua hiki ʻole ka ihu o ka puaʻa ke ʻeku a peu.The snout of the hog can no longer root and prod.
 [Said of a man who has lost his sexual potency.]
2786Ua hilo ʻia i ke aho a ke aloha.Braided with the cords of love.
 [Held in the bond of affection.]
2814Ua lehulehu a manomano ka ʻikena a ka Hawaiʻi.Great and numerous is the knowledge of the Hawaiians.
2817Ua lilo i ke koli kukui a maluhi.Gone lamp-trimming until tired.
 [Said of one who has gone on an all-night spree. When the top kukui nut on a candle was bumed out, it was knocked off and the next nut on the stick allowed to burn.]
2837Ua ola nō i ka pane a ke aloha.There is life in a kindly reply.
 [Though one may have no gift to offer to a friend, a kind word or a friendly greeting is just as important.]
2843Ua paʻi a paʻi ma ka hana.Equals in working.
2847Ua piha a hū ke kīʻaha.The glass was filled to overflowing.
 [One’s wrongdoings exceeded the the limit. Also, one was fed up.]
2852Ua puka a maka.Face is seen in the world.
 [Said of a child who by his birth cements the relationship of his father’s family with his mother’s. As long as the child lives, the families recognize their kinship with each other.]
2854Ua ʻuo ʻia a paʻa.Tied fast together.
 [Married. ʻUo is to tie feathers together in preparation for lei making.]
2861ʻUʻina pōhaku a Kāne.The stone of Kāne rolled with a rumble.
 [Said of thunder.]
2878"Unele! Unele!" wahi a ka nēnē.“Honk! Honk!” says the goose.
 [A play on nele (a lack, poverty), this saying implies a going without, a lack of success, chagrin, and so forth.]
2879ʻUnu mai a hoʻonuʻanuʻa ke kilu o Kalamaʻula, hoʻoleʻaleʻa i ke kaha o Kaunalewa.Bring all the kilu for amusement at Kalamaʻula to make merry on the field of Kaunalewa.
 [To come together for a gay time and bring whatever you have to add to the fun. There is a play on lewa, whieh refers to the swinging of the hips in hula.]
2886ʻUā a haʻalele wale.Shouted till they left off.
 [Shouted themselves hoarse.]
2890Uē ʻo Kānepūniu i ka wela a ka lā.Kānepūniu complains of the heat of the sun.
 [Said when someone complains of the heat. From a chant by Hiʻiaka, who saw Kāne-pūniu (Kāne-of-the-coconut), a supernatural tree at Wai’anae, O’ahu, on a very warm day.]
2904Waiehu, mai ka pali o Kapulehua a ka pali o ʻAʻalaloa.Waiehu, from the cliff of Kapulehua to the cliff of ʻAʻalaloa.
 [The boundaries of the district of Waiehu, Maui.]
2908Waiho kāhela i ka laʻi a ahiahi ehuehu mai.There he lies in the calm, but when evening comes he will he full of animation.
 [He is quiet now, but by and by you’ll find him full of life.]
2937Welo kīhei a ke Aʻeloa.The shoulder covering fluttered in the Aʻeloa wind.
 [Traveled with speed. The runner went so fast that his kīhei stood straight out behind as he ran against the Aʻeloa wind.]

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