updated: 3/23/2019

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ʻŌlelo Noʻeau - Concordance


1. nvi.
  • light, day, daylight, dawn; to dawn, grow light;
  • enlightened;
  • to regain consciousness.

2. v. To be or become light or day, as in the morning; ua ao ka po, the night has become light. Oih. 12:18.
3. To awake, as from a vision or dream.
4. To come to one's right mind or self-possession.
5. s. Light; day, in distinction from po. night. Kin. 1:5. For the different periods of time through the night, see Laieik. 30.
6. adj. Enlightened; informed; instructed; mostly connected with naau, as naauao, and written as one word.
7. n. any kind of a cloud, including ʻōpua, but specifically, high clouds that when wind-blown scud along (kaʻa). cf:
  aokū, rain cloud, mist
  ao loa, long cloud; high or distant cloud...
  ao ʻōnohi, cloud with rainbow (ʻōnohi) colors.
  aouli, firmament, sky, blue vault of heaven.
  ʻōpua, puffy clouds, as banked up near the horizon
  pālāmoa, pāpalamoa, thick, dense, as clouds
  puapuaʻa, plural of puaʻa₃, bank of clouds...

8. n. cloud, general term.
9. s. A cloud. Puk. 14:19. Ao pouli, a dark cloud. Puk. 14:20. Na mea nana i ke ao. observers of clouds. Kanl. 18:14.
10. n. world, earth, realm.
11. The world. Hal. 89:11. O ke ao nei, o keia ao, this world; o kela ao, the future world; na wahi ao, heavenly places. Epes. 1:3.
12. vt. to be careful, beware, watch out.
13. To copy the example of others. Kanl. 18:9. In the imperative, e ao, look out; watch; be on your guard; take heed. Ios. 22:5.
14. upland area.
15. idiom. the exact image of (preceded by a ʻe).
16. n. a kind of fine mat.
17. n. a kind of fish (no data).
18. To teach; instruct. Luk. 11:1.
19. To enlighten; instruct in one's duty or conduct. Oihk. 10:11.
20. To reprove; take heed; beware; to warn. Kin. 31:24.
21. To charge strictly.
22. To learn to do a thing; to learn, to study, as a language; e na kumu e, e ao oukou i ka olelo Hawaii, O teachers, study the Hawaiian language.
23. Knowledge; instruction; ke ao ana, doctrine.
24. nvt. instruction, teaching, doctrine, learning, instruction book, manual, advice, counsel; to learn, teach, advise, instruct, train, tutor, coach, prescribe, admonish. Many kinds of instruction are listed below. as aʻo heluhelu, aʻo hōkū, aʻo kiko, aʻo loko, aʻo palapala, aʻo piliʻōlelo. see lohe for idioms.
25. vt. warning; to warn, as a student or employee.
26. part. replacing o, of, and ʻo, subject marker, in songs.
27. Light; applied to the light-green of fresh leaves of plants or trees; the green fresh buds; a kupu, a lau, a loa, a ao, a muo, a liko; the middle or new leaf of plants; as, ao ko, ao kalo.
28. s. Dried kalo or potatoes (i. e., kalo or potatoes baked and dried,) used for food.
29. Sea-bread or any hard bread was called ao by Hawaiians when they first saw it.
30. To regard with reverence; to obey;
31. v. Found only in hoo., conj. 3. To tempt; to try; to prove. Dan. 12:10.
32. To try one's conduct or fitness for a duty. Lunk. 7:4.
33. To try; assay. Kanl 4:34.
34. To try to do a thing to ascertain whether it can be done; e hoao e ae oe mamua a maopopo, a ina maopopo, alaila hana, try first whether the thing is feasible, if feasible, then do it.
35. To try; taste of. i. e., suffer, as pain or death. Mat. 16:18. To tempt, as the Holy Spirit. Oih. 5:9.
36. To try, i. e., to cohabit before marriage.
37. To exhibit or practice the shameless conduct of the sexes as in former times.
38. s. Art., ka. Name of a species of bird. Laieik. 29.


218Aʻo i ka hoʻopunipuni, aʻo aku nō i ka ʻaihue.Learn to lie and the next thing will be to steal.
219Aʻo i ke koa, e aʻo nō i ka holo.When one learns to be a warrior, one must also learn to run.
 [It is no disgrace to run when there is danger of being destroyed; perhaps there may be another day when one can fight and win.]
262E aʻo i ka hana o pā i ka leo o ka makua hūnōai.Learn to work lest you be struck by the voice of the parent-in-law.
 [Advice to a son or daughter before marriage.]
276E hana mua a paʻa ke kahua ma mua o ke aʻo ana aku iā haʻi.Build yourself a firm foundation before teaching others.
328E lawe i ke aʻo a mālama, a e ʻoi mau ka naʻauao.He who takes his teachings and applies them increases his knowledge.
1175I ka hale nō pau ke aʻo ʻana.Instructions are completed at home.
 [Do all of your teaching at home. First uttered by Pupuakea, half-brother of Lonoikamakahiki, when his instructor advised him as they were preparing for battle. The instructor’s teaching was all done at home; from then on the warrior chief was on his own. Also directed toward parents who noisily scold their children in public.]
2065Mai kāpae i ke aʻo a ka makua, aia he ola ma laila.Do not set aside the teachings of one’s parents for there is life there.
2083Mai pale i ke aʻo a ka makua.Do not set aside the teachings of a parent.
2772Ua aʻo a ua ʻailolo.He trained until he ate brains.
 [He became an expert. In ancient days, the person who finished a course of study ate some of the brain of the hog or fish offered to the god of his art.]
2773Ua aʻo Hawaiʻi ke ʻōlino nei mālamalama.Hawaiʻi is enlightened, for the brightness of day is here.
 [Hawaiʻi is in an era of education.]

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