updated: 3/23/2019

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ʻŌlelo Noʻeau - Concordance


1. To be small, thin or fine, as a spider's web; me kahi malo, ua puaa hilo. see puahilo.
2. The name of an unclean bird, puaa ilioi, rendered in English bittern. Zep. 2:14.
3. Anything very small and easily blown away. see puepuehu.
4. s. A hog; a swine; the flesh of a hog. Oihk. 11:7. NOTE.—The hog was found indigenous, when the Islands were visited by Captain Cook.
5. n. pig, hog, swine, pork. cf. hula puaʻa, wilipuaʻa, ulepuaʻa. Many references to puaʻa are to Kamapuaʻa and his plant forms (FS 215, 229).
6. n. formerly a general name for introduced quadrupeds; see above table.
7. n. banks of fog or clouds, often as gathered over a mountain summit, a sign of rain and believed to be the cloud forms of Kamapuaʻa.
8. v. To flee, as a child from its parent to avoid punishment; hoopunipuni—holo, puaa.
9. adj. Small; fine; thin; easily dispersed.
10. As if puaia. To be gathered into a bundle, as sticks for kindling a fire. see pua 5.
11. To gird tightly, as in tying up the bones of a deceased person for preservation.
12. To be girded tightly around the throat; e pilikia ma ka puu. see puapuaa.
13. To tie up tightly so as to make the substance small; hence,
14. A bundle of small wood for fuel; a fagot. see pua.


88ʻAi puaʻa a Kukeawe.The pork-eating of Kukeawe.
 [Said of a person who is not satisfied with the number of his own pigs and so robs his neighbors of theirs. Kukeawe was a friend of Kahekili who was allowed to help himself to any of Kahekili’s pigs in Kula, Maui. But Kukeawe also took the pigs belonging to the people of Kula, Honuaʻula, and Kahikinui and plundered their possessions. These people rose in rebellion, led by ʻOpū, and surprised the followers of Kukeawe while they were ascending Haleakalā on the way to Kula. Kukeawe’s party retreated but found their way blocked by other parties led by Kawehena, Kahoʻoluhina, and Kuheana. Kukeawe was killed and his body set up at Palauea for all to see.]
147ʻAʻohe ʻike o ka puaʻa nona ka imu e hōʻā ʻia nei.The pig does not know that the imu is being lighted for it.
 [Said of a person who is unaware that he is being victimized.]
166ʻAʻohe komo o kā haʻi puaʻa ke paʻa i ka pā.Other people’s pigs would not come in if the fence were kept in good repair.
 [Be prepared always, and you’ll find yourself free of trouble. Also, evil influence cannot enter when one keeps his own mental realm fortified from within.]
351E mānalo ka hala o ke kanaka i ka imu o ka puaʻa.The wrongs done by man are atoned for by a pig in the imu.
 [When a person has committed a wrong against others or against the gods, he makes an offering of a hog with prayers of forgiveness.]
357E nānā mai a uhi kapa ʻeleʻele ia Maui, a kau ka puaʻa i ka nuku, kiʻi mai i ka ʻāina a lawe aku.Watch until the black tapa cloth covers Maui and the sacrificial hog is offered, then come and take the land.
 [Said by Kahekili, ruler of Maui, to a messenger sent by Kamehameha I with a question whether to have war or peace. Kahekili sent back this answer — “Wait until I am dead and all the rites performed, then invade and take the island of Maui.”]
456Hānai puaʻa wahine, ma loko ka uku.Raise a sow, for her reward is inside of her.
 [A sow will bear young.]
505Hāwele kīlau i ka lemu, ʻāhaʻi ka puaʻa i ka waha; ke hele nei ʻo Poʻokea.Draw the fine loincloth under the buttocks; the pork finds its way into the mouth; Poʻokea now departs.
 [Poʻokea was a very clever thief during the reign of Kahekili of Maui. Whenever he eluded his pursuers, this was his favorite boast. Any reference to one as being a descendant or relative of Poʻokea implies that he is a thief who steals and runs.]
681He keʻa puaʻa maka ʻolelepā.A fierce rooting hog.
 [A warrior fierce in battle.]
918He puaʻa ʻimi aliʻi.A chief-seeking pig.
 [When a kahuna wished to find a chief with whom he was not well acquainted, he took a pig, prayed to his gods for guidance, and went on his quest. Upon arrival at his destination, the pig was released. It would go to the chief that was sought and lie down before him. In this way the chief was identified.]
919He puaʻa laho.A boar.
 [An oversexed man.]
961He ʻumi a puaʻa.A pig-strangling.
 [An act of a traitor; treachery.]
1148Iā ia a hiki, make ka puaʻa.As soon as he arrived, the pig died.
 [It was the custom to kill and roast a pig when a very welcome guest arrived.]
1217I komo nō ka haʻi puaʻa i ka paʻa ʻole o ka pā.Other people’s pigs come in when the fence is not kept in good repair.
 [When you behave well and tend to your own business, no sorcerer can send his evil gods to destroy you, for your own gods will give you their protection.]
1241ʻInā paha he puaʻa, pau i kālua.If a pig, [you] would have heen roasted.
 [Said with laughter when a person forgets to come home on time. A straying pig can end up roasted in an imu. A common saying in Puna and eastem Kaʻū.]
1395Kaʻi ka puaʻa i luna o Hāʻupu, e ua ana.When the pigs move around the summit of Hāʻupu, it is going to rain.
 [When puffy “pig” clouds encircle the top of Hāʻupu, above Kīpū on Kauaʻi, it is a sign of rain.]
1499Kani kōlea, he kanaka; nū ka puaʻa, he lapu lā.When a plover cries, there is a man nearby; when a pig grunts, a ghost is near.
1733Ke kai piʻi kākala niho puaʻa.The sea rises like a pointed hogs tusk.
2046"Mai hea mai ʻoe?" "Mai Kona mai." "Pehea ka ua o Kona?" "Palahī puaʻa ka ua o Kona." "A pehea ke aku?" "Hī ka pā, hī ka malau."“Where are you from?” “From Kona.” “How is the rain of Kona?” “The rain of Kona pours like the watery excreta of a hog.” “How are the aku fish?” “They run loose from the hook and the bait carrier.”
 [Said in fun of one suffering from loose bowels. Once, a chief was out relieving himself when his bowels were very loose. A runner came by the little-traveled path through the underbrush and seeing the chief there extended his greetings. The chief began to ask questions, which the runner answered. When the chief went home he told those of his household of the abundance of rain and the run of fish in Kona. His servant, whose curiosity was roused, asked, “What were you doing at the time?” “I was excreting, and my bowels were loose,” answered the chief. “He wasn’t talking about the rain and fish,” said the servant, “he was talking about you.” The chief was angry when he heard this, but it was too late to do anything about it.]
2189Moku ka pepeiao, na ke aliʻi ia puaʻa.When the ear is cut, it is a sign that the pig belongs to the chief.
 [The ears of certain pigs were cut to show that they were the property of the chief.]
2227Nakaka ka puaʻa, nahā ka waʻa; aukahi ka puaʻa mānalo ka waʻa.The pig cracks, the canoe breaks; perfect the pig, safe the canoe.
 [Whenever a new canoe was launched, a pig was baked as an offering to the gods. If the skin of the roasted pig cracked, misfortune would come to the canoe; but if it cooked to perfection the canoe would last a long time.]
2232Na ka puaʻa e ʻai; a na ka puaʻa ana paha e ʻai.[It is] for the pigs to eat; and perhaps the pigs will taste [you].
 [A reminder to be hospitable to strangers. From the following story: A missionary and two Hawaiian companions arrived hungry and tired in Keonepoko, Puna, after walking a long distance. Seeing some natives removing cooked breadfruit from an imu, they asked if they could have some. “No,” said the natives, “it is for the pigs to eat.” So the visitors moved on. Not long after, leprosy broke out among the people of Puna. The first to contract it were taken to Oʻahu and later sent on to Kalaupapa. Others died at home and were buried. When the last ones fmally died, there was no one to bury them, and the pigs feasted on their bodies. Thus, justice was served.]
2785Ua hiki ʻole ka ihu o ka puaʻa ke ʻeku a peu.The snout of the hog can no longer root and prod.
 [Said of a man who has lost his sexual potency.]

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