Pukui & Elbert - 1986
Māmaka Kaiao - 2003-10
Lorrin Andrews - 1865
updated: 12/18/2016

ʻ  ā   ē   ī   ō   ū  

lei 188

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A

ʻaʻaliʻi [ʻaʻa·liʻi]n. native hardwood shrubs or trees (Dodonaea, all species), 30 cm to 10 m [1-33 ft] high, more or less sticky at branch tips; leaves narrow, 2 to 10 cm [¾"-4"] long; flowers small; fruit a yellow, red, or brown papery capsule about 1 cm long and with two to four wings. Fruit clusters are made into leis with their own leaves or ferns and worn in the hair. (Neal 536–7), (FS 57). symbol of independent people of Kaʻū. (Wight)

ʻaʻaliʻi ma kuaʻaʻaliʻi standing in back

ʻaʻaliʻi makaniʻaʻaliʻi standing [in] wind

He ʻaʻaliʻi au, ʻaʻohe makani e hina aiI am an ʻaʻaliʻi shrub, no wind can push me over. (a boast of the people of Kaʻū. see similar ex., ʻulaʻa.) (ON 507)

aʻe₁n. several native trees, the soapberry (Sapindus saponaria f. inaequalis), and all species of Zanthoxylum (also known as Fagara, Zanthoxylum having yellowish wood formerly used for digging sticks and spears); seeds of all (largest in the soapberry) are black, round, and used for leis. also mānele. [PPN *ake, tree sp]

aʻeaʻe₁ [aʻe·aʻe]vt. mixing of a dark or brilliant color with a lighter one, as feathers in a lei; of dark hair of a young person with streaks of gray; to mix, as drinks.

Aʻeaʻe mohala i luna o ke kukui.Streaks of silvery gray showing on the candlenut tree. [said of a graying person] (ON 5)

akaaka₃, akakan. a downy, thorny branching plant (Solanum aculeatissimum), 30 to 90 cm high, from tropical America. It bears round scarlet fruits 2.6 em in diameter, which are strung for leis. also kīkānia lei. (Neal 742–3)

akalei [a-ka-lei]s. See lei. A lei worn on the neck.

ʻākulikuli lei [ʻā·kuli·kuli lei]n. ice plant (Lampranthus glomeratus) from Africa, a low succulent, with thick, narrow leaves, and pink, rose, or orange flowers (used for leis). (Neal 341)

alelo₃ concave curve of the lower portion of the lei palaoa, whale-tooth pendant, suggestive of a tongue.

aliʻipoe [aliʻi·poe]n. the ornamental cannas (Canna indica, forms and hybrids), large tropical American herbs, with large oval or narrow leaves and large red or red and yellow flowers. The round black seeds are worn in leis and are also placed in fruit shells of the laʻamia for hula rattles. Cannas are both cultivated and wild in Hawaiʻi. also liʻipoe. (Neal 263–4)

ʻaoa₂n. a small shellfish (Melampus castaneus), strung in leis. also makaʻaoa. PCP *ka(ʻ,l)oa.

ʻaumakua₃ [ʻau·makua]vt. to ask someone to hula; the request was not refused without giving the caller a lei or flower.

ʻAumakua Kamuela,Samuel must dance!

ʻawapuhi keʻokeʻo [ʻawa·puhi keʻo·keʻo]n. the white ginger (Hedychium coronarium), a large herb from India, both wild and cultivated in Hawaiʻi. White fragrant flowers, popular for leis and perfume, are borne in heads at tips of leafy stems. (Neal 252–3)
 

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H

haku₂vt.
  • to compose,
  • invent,
  • put in order, arrange;
  • to braid, as a lei,
  • or plait, as feathers.
 
cf. haku mele. [PPN *fatu, weave, plait]

ka mahiole ʻie i haku ʻia i ka hulu o ʻiʻiwiplaited helmet made with ʻiʻiwi feathers (Laie 479 [90])

haku [ha-ku] To arrange or tie feathers in a kahili; to make a wreath or lei; e haku i ka lei; e haku oe i lehua. Laieik. 146.

haku lei to braid a lei (EH)

hala₃n. the pandanus or screw pine (Pandanus odoratissimus), native from southern Asia east to Hawaiʻi, growing at low altitudes, both cultivated and wild. It is a tree with many branches, which are tipped with spiral tufts of long narrow, spine-edged leaves; its base is supported by a clump of slanting aerial roots. The pineapple-shaped fruits are borne on female trees whereas the spikes of fragrant, pollenbearing flowers are borne separately on male trees. Many uses: leaves (lau hala) for mats, baskets, hats; the yellow to red fruit sections for leis, brushes; male flowers to scent tapa, their leaflike bracts to plait mats (see hīnano). (Neal 51) The aerial root (uleule) tip is a good source of vitamin B and cooked in ti leaves was used medicinally, although unpleasant tasting. The tree is called pū hala. The hala lei is much liked today but formerly was not worn on important ventures because hala also means failure. For the same reason some persons will not compose songs about hala. Types of hala are listed below. Pineapples are hala plus qualifier. [(AN) PPN *fara, pandanus]

E puni ana ke ʻala o ka hala.The fragrance of pandanus spreads everywhere and is overpowering.

Puna paia ʻala i ka hala.Puna, its walls fragrant with pandanus [fragrant flowers were placed indoors in house thatching and under mats].

hala ʻīkoi [hala ʻī·koi]n. a variety of hala with keys 7 cm long, lemon-colored at base, changing abruptly to bright-orange in upper half; when cut for leis, a rim of orange is left at top of each key used.

hala ʻiʻon. pandanus key that is ripe and soft, suitable for leis. cf. ʻiʻo hala.

hala iwi nuinvs. hard pandanus key, not suitable for leis. fig., hard-appearing, dissatisfied.

hala kean. said by some Hawaiians to be a native variety of pineapple; plant spreading vinelike; leaves with thorny edges; fruit plain green when unripe, yellow when ripe, small, fragrant, good-tasting; pieces of the skin were used for hat leis. lit., white hala. (HP 214)

hala pian. an indigenous variety of pandanus, with keys 4 cm long, canary-yellow and small; head small, about 15 by 12 cm., used in medical prescription and for exorcising evil spirits. It was much prized for leis.

he ʻili hala pialight-colored skin (Kep. 67)

hāluʻaleihala [·luʻa-lei-hala]n. tapa-beater design, said to resemble a pandanus lei and consisting of interlocked triangles.

hānai₅ [·nai]n. Hawaiʻi island word for mānai, needle for stringing leis... cf. mākila, mōkila, Maui word...; Kauaʻi word...

Hanalei₁ [hana·lei]n. name of a large valley on Kauaʻi. lit., lei valley. see saying kaupoku₁.

hei₁nvt.
  • net, snare, to ensnare, entangle, catch in a net;
  • stratagem, ruse;
  • to festoon with leis.
See kāhei₁,₂; (Luka 5.4) .

E hoʻohei aʻe ʻoe i kānaka.You shall catch [by fishing] men. (Luka 510)

hoʻoheito snare, tangle, rope, lasso; to beset with difficulties; to infatuate, be enraptured

hoʻohei manaʻoto infatuate, beguile; spellbound

hoʻohei manaʻoto cast a spell, enchant, beguile

hoʻohei pipito rope cattle

ka hoʻohei ʻana i puacatching fish fry

hili₁nvt. to braid or plait, as a lei or candlenuts; a braid, plaiting, string. see lei hili, pahili. [(AN) PPN *firi, braid (i.e. interlace three or more flexible elements to form e.g. a rope), a technique sometimes referred to as plaiting)]

ka hili ʻana i ka lauohothe plaiting of the hair (1-Pet. 3.3)

hinahina₃ [hina·hina]n. native heliotrope (Heliotropium anomalum var. argenteum), a low, spreading beach plant, with narrow, clustered, silvery leaves and small, white, fragrant flowers. As designated by the Territorial legislature in 1923, it represents Kahoʻolawe in the leis of the islands; it is used for tea and medicine. Called nohonoho puʻuone on Niʻihau. (Neal 717) [(CE) PPN *sina-sina, a plant]

hīpuʻu pewa [·puʻu pewa]n. bow, as ribbon or string. lit., fishtail knot. cf. lei ʻāʻī pewa.

hiʻuiʻa [hiʻu·iʻa]n. fishtail fern (Nephrolepis biserrata cv. furcans), a kind of sword fern, with forked divisions (pinnae). In Kaʻū, leis are made by combining pinnae of this fern (or whole frond) with flower sprays of wāpine (lemon verbena). (Neal 14, 15)

holehole₂ [hole·hole]vt. to mix different feathers in a lei ; mingling, as feathers. rare. 

hoʻolei₂ [hoʻo·]vt. to put a lei on oneself or on someone else; to crown see lei, lei, garland, wreath...

hoʻoleia₂ pas/imp. of hoʻolei to cast, throw, heave, toss, pitch; to put a lei on oneself or on someone else see -leia.

hoʻouluulu lei hula altar where fresh leis were placed during hula instruction see uluulu lei, leis offered to the gods.

huaʻulaʻulan. the red sandalwood tree (Adenanthera pavonina), from parts of tropical Asia and Malaysia, of moderate height and with rather widespreading branches. The tree is planted in parks, and its round, lens-shaped, red seeds are used for leis, and their long, yellow-lined pods for decorative arrangements. (Neal 414)

huluokaʻauhelemoa [hulu-o-kaʻau·hele·moa]n. a moss said to grow only in Pālolo Valley, Honolulu, named for Kaʻauhelemoa, a legendary cock defeated in battle by a hen. She pulled out his feathers, which fell and became this moss. It is used in leis.

humuhumu lei [humu·humu lei]n. lei triggerfish (Sufflamen bursa).

humuhumu umauma lei [humu·humu uma·uma lei]n. a variety of humuhumu fish (Balistes bursa). lit., humuhumu with leis on its chest.
 

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adj. He poo ieie no Hilo; a kind of lei for the head used by Hilo people.

ʻilima₁n. small to large native shrubs (all species of Sida, especially S. fallax), bearing yellow, orange, greenish, or dull-red flowers; some kinds strung for leis. The flowers last only a day and are so delicate that about 500 are needed for one lei. Fruits of maʻo (Abutilon grandifolium), when green and soft, are used with ʻilima leis, one fruit at each end of the lei ; or the pale-green, cap-like calyx of the ʻilima flower is used. A mild laxative for babies is made by squeezing out the juice of flowers; this is called kanakamaikaʻi. The ʻilima was designated in 1923 by the Territorial Legislature as the flower of Oʻahu. It is related to the hibiscus. See songs, nōweo, pue₁. cf. ʻāpiki. (Neal 552–3)

Ola i ka pua o ka ʻilima.There is healing in the ʻilima blossoms [reference to its medicinal use]. (ON 2489)

ʻilima kū kulan. a wild form of ʻilima, not so often used for leis as ʻilima lei, the cultivated form. lit., ʻilima standing on plains. also ʻilima papa. (Neal 553)

ʻilima mamon. a kind of ʻilima, probably same as ʻilima lei.

ʻiʻo nui₁nvs. meaty, fleshy, as of some fish, or as the soft part of pandanus keys that are strung for leis.
 

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K

kāʻeʻe₁n. a sea bean (Mucuna gigantea), native from southeast Asia, east into Polynesia, a high-growing vine, bearing greenish flowers and large pods, each pod containing two to four round and flattened seeds, black-spotted or brown. In Hawaiʻi, the seeds, known as pēkaʻa, are found on the beaches, and are used medicinally for their strong purgative effect and are also strung for leis. (Neal 462)

kāʻei var. of kāʻai;
  • belt, sash;
  • zone;
  • ring for bobbin winder of sewing machine.
    Kāʻei kapu o Līloa, a sacred cordon, baldric, or sash, the highest symbol of authority, on display in 1976 at the Bishop Museum. It is made of a net of olonā fibre with red ʻiʻiwi feathers on the sides and a lei of ʻōʻō feathers on the borders. The end, hanging in front of the body, is ornamented with human and fish teeth. The other end was brought over the shoulders and passed twice around the waist. According to tradition it was made by Līloa for his son ʻUmi in the late 15th century. A copy, without the teeth, is on the statue of Kamehameha in front of Aliʻiolani Palace, Honolulu.

kāhei₁ [·hei]nvt.
  • hurling, as firebrands at Kamaile, Kauaʻi;
  • to hurl;
  • to put on a lei.
 
PCP *taasei.

kāhele₁nvi. decorated for a journey, as with a lei.

He lei kāhele no ke ala.A lei decoration for traveling the road.

kāhili₃ [·hili]n. a small tree (Grevillea banksii) from Australia, related to the silky oak, ʻoka kilika, but the leaves with fewer subdivisions and the flowers red or cream-white. This is a later application of kāhili to a plant. Flowers not used for leis on head or around neck because of it irritating hairs, but made into leis for hats by sewing alternate rows of flower clusters and own leaves on pandanus band. see haʻikū. (Neal 321)

kākalaioa₂ [·kalai·oa]n. gray nickers (Caesalpinia major, misidentified locally as C. crista), a straggly bramble, a pantropical vine indigenous to Hawaiʻi, with thorny branches and leaf stems and with small yellow flowers. Within each large spiny pod are two or three gray marble-like seeds, which are used for leis, also powdered for medicine. also hihikolo. (Neal 433) [PPN *tala-ʻa-moa, a bush (caesalpinia sp.): *tala(tala)-qaa-moa]

ʻO ka hua kākalaioia, ʻo ia mākou māpala.The kakalaoia seeds were our marbles. (Kauhi 49)

Kalehuawehe [Ka-lehua-wehe]n. name of a surf at Waikīkī. lit., the opening lehua, said to be so named when the taboo on surfing at Waikīkī was broken by a young chief from Mānoa who removed his lehua lei and gave it to the daughter of Chief Kākuhihewa, who had been the only one permitted to surf there; the taboo was broken when the princess accepted the lei.

kālī [·]n. spine, spindle, rod; string, as used to thread things upon, as flowers for a lei, or candlenuts for a torch; long vine or runner, as of sweet potato. cf. kāili.

kālī iʻastring of fish

kālī pahūpahūstring of firecrackers

kāmakahala [·maka·hala]n. all species of a native genus (Labordia) of forest trees and shrubs. According to William Hillebrand, three species with orange flowers were used in leis for chiefs. see nīoi kāmakahala.

kāpenaloke [·pena·loke]n. name of an introduced vine, the seeds of which are strung as leis, perhaps lit., Captain Rhodes. Kauaʻi.

kaula lein. cord on which flowers are strung into a lei; cluster of fruit or flowers growing together on a stem like a lei; streamer.

kau leiv. to sell leis; to hang leis.

Ua hele akula i ke kau lei.Having gone to sell leis.

wahine kau leilei seller

kaunaʻoa₁n. a native dodder (Cuscuta sandwichiana), belonging to the morning-glory family, a leafless, parasitic vine, growing densely on other plants. The numerous, slender, orange stems are used for orange leis to represent the island of Lānaʻi, as designated by the Territorial legislature in 1923. (Neal 710–1) [(CE) PPN *tainoka, a plant (cassytha filiformis) (problematic)]

Hihi kaunaʻoa, hihi Mānā, aloha wale ia lāʻau kumu ʻole.Tangled parasite vine, tangled Mānā, pity for this vine without a trunk [of parasites or helpless folk]. (ON 986)

kīkā₅ [·]n. the cigar flower (Cuphea ignea), from Mexico, a small, smooth shrub with narrow, red, tubular, odorless flowers nearly 3 cm. long. The flowers are used for leis. also pua kīkā. (Neal 617–8)

kīkānia lei [··nia lei]n. a kind of nightshade (Solanum aculeatissimum), the round, scarlet fruits used in leis. also akaaka. (Neal 742–3)

kīkepa₂ [·kepa]vi. to lean over to one side, to cover one side; to turn to the side; to place in a one-sided manner; on the side, as a tapa or lei worn over one shoulder and under the opposite arm.

ʻako kīkepato pluck on one side

kīkepato strike on one side or glance off on a side; a glancing blow

Kuʻu lei kīkepa kau poʻohiwi.My lei over one shoulder and down on the opposite side.

ʻoki kīkepato cut the hair on one side, as formerly in mourning

kipona₄vt. mixed, mingled; varying in color or texture, as of the sea; to add to, as something of different character, as ferns to a lei .

ka wai kipona me ke kaiwater mixed with sea water

Kipona paukū i ka lauaʻe, ka pua o ka ʻilima nono i ka .Add a section of lauaʻe fern [to] the flower of the ʻilima, bright in the sunlight. (chant for Kaʻiulani)

koa haolen. a common roadside shrub or small tree (Leucaena leucocephala), from tropical America, with pinnate leaves, round white flower treads, and long, flat, brown pods; closely related to the koa. The small brown seeds are strung for leis, purses, mats; plants used for fodder. lit., foreign koa. also ēkoa, lilikoa. (Neal 411–2)

kōī₃ [·ī]nvt. to string, as flowers for a lei or candlenuts on a coconut leaf midrib for a light; such a string.

kui₁vt. to string pierced objects, as flowers in a lei, or fish; to thread, as beads. cf. kui lima. [(AN) PPN *tui, thread pierced objects on a string; sew]

kui lein.v. to string flowers, beads, seeds, shells into leis; a lei stringer.

kui lei ʻulan.v. one who decorates the chief in finest apparel; to decorate the chief thus; decorated elegantly. lit., string red leis.

kuinan. a stringing together, as of leis. PPN *tuinga.

kuipapa [kui·papa]nvt. method of making a hat lei by sewing leaves and flowers to a pandanus strip; to make such a lei. lit., string on a base.

kukui₁n.
  • candlenut tree (Aleurites moluccana), a large tree in the spurge family bearing nuts containing while, oily kernels which were formerly used for lights;
  • hence the tree is a symbol of enlightenment.
  • the nuts are still cooked for a relish (ʻinamona).
  • the soft wood was used for canoes,
  • gum from the bark was used for painting tapa;
  • black dye was obtained from nut coats and from roots,
  • (nuts were chewed and spat into the sea by men fishing with nets for parrot fish (kākā₄ uhu₁) in order to calm the sea (FS 38–9): see ex. pili₁).
  • polished nuts are strung in leis;
  • the silvery leaves and small white flowers are strung in leis as representative of Molokaʻi, as designated in 1923 by the Territorial legislature.
  • the kukui was named the official emblem for the State of Hawaii in 1959 because of its many uses and its symbolic value.
  • kukui is one of the plant forms of Kamapuaʻa that comes to help him (FS 215).
  • called kuikui on Niʻihau.
 
see lei kukui. (Neal 504–7) [(FJ) PPN *tui-tui, candlenut tree (aleurites moluccana)]

He aliʻi no ka malu kukui.A chief of the candlenut shade [chief of uncertain genealogy]. (ON 539)

kukui ʻōmolemole smooth candlenuts used in leis (EH)

kukunaokalān. mangrove (Bruguiera gymnorhiza); calyx of a mangrove, as used in leis. lit., ray of the sun. (Neal 626)

kupaloke [kupa·loke]n. tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa), popular in leis. Eng. (Neal 227)

kupukupu ʻala [kupu·kupu ʻala]n. rose geranium (Pelargonium graveolens), flowers pink, leaves fragrant, used in leis with odorless flowers. Also kupukupu haole and laniuma. (Neal 471)

kuʻu₃poss. my, mine (this form may replace both kaʻu and koʻu; it is frequently used before ipo and lei and kinship terms and expresses affection. (Gram. 8.4, 9.6)   [(CE) PPN *taku, my (neutral category of possession)]

Ē Kamalama iki kuʻu pōkiʻi, e kei ka noho.O little Kamalama, my favorite younger brother, may you act with dignified pride. (FS 67)
 

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L

lālei [·lei]nvs. cluster, bunch, as of bananas; assembled together, as flowers in a lei. rare. 

hoʻolāleito gather together, as flowers

lalei [la-lei]s. A bunch or cluster of things, as grapes. See kaulalei.

lani₂nvs. very high chief, majesty; host (Isa. 34.4) ; royal, exalted, high born, noble, aristocratic. This meaning is most common in personal names, as Leilani, royal child or heavenly lei; Pualani, descendant of royalty or heavenly flowers. cf. kamalani, kuhilani.

hoʻolanito treat as a chief; to render homage to a chief; to act as a chief; to enjoy the position and prestige of a high chief

hoʻolanisame as hoʻolanilani

Kalanianaʻole.The incomparably exalted one. (name)

lā o ka lei lei day (EH)

lauaʻe₁, lauwaʻe [lau·aʻe]n. a fragrant fern (Phymatosorus scolopendria syn. Microsorium scolopendria); when crushed, its fragrance suggests that of maile; famous for its fragrance on Kauaʻi (see lauaʻe₂). Pieces were strung in pandanus leis between the keys. see chant, punia. (Neal 27)

leholeho [le-ho-le-ho]s. See leileho. A small delicate shell fish of the leho kind, whitish, mixed with yellow and gray, used for leis for the wrist or neck; a string of small lehos. v. To string lehos for leis.

leho lei same as leho puna, sometimes used in leis.

leholei [le-ho-lei]s. A small white shell of the leho species, used for beads.

leho nukun. a cowry with the extremities drawn out, a beaked cowry, such as Cypraea cicercula var. tricornis; sometimes used in leis.

lehua [le-hu-a] Flowers done up in bundles, as among foreign families; he pua lei mai kahiki mai.

lehua mau loan. globe amaranth (Gomphrena globosa). lit., everlasting lehua, so called because its flowers when used in leis do not wilt. Also lehua pepa and leihua. (Neal 334–5)

lei₁n.
  • lei, garland, wreath; necklace of flowers, leaves, shells, ivory, feathers, or paper, given as a symbol of affection;
  • beads; any ornament worn around the head or about the neck;
  • to wear a lei;
  • special song presenting a lei; crown;
  • ring around a drake's neck;
  • yoke, as for joining draft animals, especially oxen.
  • fig., a beloved child, wife, husband, sweetheart, younger sibling or child, so called because a beloved child was carried on the shoulders, with its legs draped down on both sides of the bearer like a lei.
 
cf. lei palaoa, ivory pendant, originally probably whale's tooth... PPN *lei.

hoʻoleito put a lei on oneself or on someone else; to crown

iwi leiclavicle, collarbone

kāna leihis lei (to give away or sell)

kona leihis lei (to wear)

LeilaniRoyal child, heavenly lei. (name)

ʻUhene ahahana kaʻu lei naʻu ia.Oh joy, oh boy, she's my darling. (song)

leiv. To put around the neck, as a wreath; to tie on, as one's beads. See the substantive. To put on an ensign or badge, as an officer in battle; ma ka la kaua, lei no ke alii i ka niho palaoa. A crown for the head. See leialii. lei bipi, the bow of an ox yoke; the garland for crowning a god. Any external ornamental work. Puk. 25:11. NOTE—The leis of Hawaiians were made of a great many materials, but the lauhala nut was the most valued on account of its odoriferous qualities. See leihala.

leiʻāʻīn. var. spelling of lei ʻāʻī, any lei worn on the shoulders...

lei ʻāʻī, leiʻāʻīn. any lei worn on the shoulders, as maile; necktie, scarf, neckerchief. fig., beloved person, especially child or mate. lit., neck lei. see pōhākiʻikiʻi.

lei ʻāʻī [lei ʻā·ʻī]n. necktie. also lei ʻāʻī kalawake, lei kalawake. cf. hīpuʻu pewa.

lei ʻāʻī pewabow tie

leiai [lei-a-i]s. Lei and a-i, the neck. A wreath for the neck.

lei aliʻin. royal lei, chief's lei, crown (Hoik. 4.4) , diadem.

leialii [lei-a-lii]s. Lei and alii, a chief. A crown, i. e., a king's lei. FIG. Pilip. 4:1. A diadem. Isa. 62:3. See papalealii.

leialima [lei-a-li-ma]s. Lei with the qualifying words. Different sorts of leis, or leis made from different materials.

leiapiki [lei-a-pi-ki]s. Lei with the qualifying words. Different sorts of leis, or leis made from different materials.

lei hakun. braided lei, as of ferns and flowers.

lei halan. lei made principally or solely of pandanus keys, sometimes considered bad luck because hala, pandanus, also means to pass away, to fail.

leihala [lei-ha-la]s. Lei, wreath, and hala, the pandanus. A lei made of the hala fruit, which is odoriferous; he leihala oe ma ka a-i o ka poe naauao, thou art a hala wreath on the neck of the wise.

leihala₂ [lei-hala]n. plaiting and tapa designs consisting of a series of inverted triangles, suggestive of a hala lei.

lei hilin. a plaited lei, as of ferns and maile but without leaves.

leihua [lei·hua] same as lehua mau loa; lit., fruit lei, so called because the flowers are round like a fruit.

lei hulun. feather lei, formerly worn by royalty. fig., dearly beloved child or choice person.

leihulu [lei-hu-lu]s. A lei or wreath for the neck made of the feathers of the bird mamo; ka lei mamo no Laa. Children beloved of their parents.

lei humuhumu [lei humu·humu]n. cloth lei.

lei ʻiliman. ʻilima lei (KAN)

lei kāmoe [lei ·moe]n. feather lei with feathers tightly folded together so that it suggests a rope, in contrast with the flat lei papa.

lei kolona, lei koronan. rosary, prayer beads. lit., crown (Eng.) lei .

lei kuin. a strung lei, as of plumeria.

lei kukuin. kukui nut lei. cf. ioio, ʻōmolemole, ʻōpaka.

lei lehon. lei of cowry shells.

leileho [lei-le-ho]s. Lei and leho, a shell. A string of the leholeho.

leilei₁ [lei·lei]vt. to wear a lei or leis.

ʻO wai kēia e leilei maila?Who is that wearing a lei there?

leilima [lei-li-ma]s. A species of lei; he leiapiki. See leialima.

lei niho ʻīlio [lei niho ʻī·lio]n. dog-tooth necklace.

lei niho palaoa same as lei palaoa, ivory pendant...

lei ole₁n. dog-tooth lei.

lei ʻonin. lei with spirals of several colors, as the kīkā lei.

lei o Pelen. ring of fire, in geology. lit., Pele's lei.

lei ʻōpuʻu [lei ʻō·puʻu]n. whale-tooth pendant that tapers down to a point, rather than being hook-shaped, as the lei palaoa; especially worn by Oʻahu chiefs. lit., bud lei.

lei palaoan. ivory pendant, originally probably whale's tooth, rarely of stone or wood, later also of walrus tusk; necklace of beads of whale's teeth; today, any pendant shaped like the old whale-tooth pendant, such as of beef bone. lit., ivory lei.

lei pāniʻo [lei ·niʻo]n. lei of various colors, as feather leis. lit., spotted, motley lei.

lei papan. flat lei, as for a hat; any lei on a flat surface, especially a feather lei. cf. lei kāmoe.

lei pāpahi [lei ·pahi]n. leis of alternating groups of flowers and leaves, entwined leis of same or different flowers; adornment of several leis, usually both on head and around neck.

leipapahi [lei-pa-pa-hi]s. Lei with the qualifying words. Different sorts of leis, or leis made from different materials. s. A kind of lei. See leiapiki.

lei paukū [lei pau·]n. lei with stripes or bands of varying colors. lit., link lei.

lei poepoe [lei poe·poe]n. lei with flowers strung on stems or sides of flowers. see lei waena.

lei poʻon. lei worn on the head (poʻo).

lei pūpū [lei ·]n. shell lei, the most famous being from Niʻihau, especially kahelelani and momi. These leis represent Niʻihau in the leis of the islands, as designated in 1923 by the Territorial legislature.

lei pūpū puka [lei · puka]n. lei of white sea-perforated shells worn by men and women about the neck, popular in Hawaiʻi since the late 1960s. lit., perforated shell lei.

lei waenan. lei strung in the center of flowers. see lei poepoe.

lei wili, leiwilin. a lei that is not strung (kui): the leaves or flowers are entwined about each other, as maile leis.

lei wiliwili [lei wili·wili]n. pendant carved of wiliwili wood; lei of wiliwili seeds.

lelo₂nvs. yellowish, especially the hue imparted to a whaletooth pendant (lei palaoa) by smoking.

lepelepeamoa [lepe·lepe-a-moa]n. Selaginella arbusculla, small club mosses; used for leis, braided with rosebuds. (Neal 3–5)

lie [li-e]s. A goddess of the mountain whose business it was to braid leis; ke ano o (Lia) Lei wahine.

liko lehuan. lehua bud; red lehua leaves as used for leis or medicine; such a lei, as made in the Kīlauea volcano area. see ex. kohu₁, (the reference here is probably to a young and pretty girl)

lōkālio, rosario [··lio, rosario]n. rosary. Less common than lei kolona. Probably Latin rosarium or Spanish or Portuguese rosario..

lūlō [·]n. lei of braided leaves or ferns. cf. (And) .

lulo [lu-lo]s. Thick leaves of a tree wreathed or twisted into an ornament for the neck; a wreath for the neck.

luluʻu same as luʻuluʻu₁, bent or bowed down, as with weight, sorrow, or trouble...; said also of a tree laden with fruit, a person laden with leis.

hoʻoluluʻusame as hoʻoluʻuluʻu; to cause to bend down, to load heavily

pākaukau i hoʻoluluʻu me mea ʻaitables laden down with food
 

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M

maiʻa mālei ʻula [maiʻa ·lei ʻula]n. a Hawaiian variety of banana, common both cultivated and wild in the uplands. Fibers of the stalk are used for stringing flowers for leis with a coconut-leaf needle (mānai). Ripening fruit changes from maroon (ʻula) to green to yellow; the flesh is orange, edible only when cooked. also maiʻa mālai ʻula, maiʻa mānei ʻula, maiʻa mānai ʻula. (HP 176)

maile₁n. a native twining shrub, Alyxia olivaeformis. St-John, 1975a, described four forms of maile based on leaf size and shape. They are believed to be sisters with human and plant forms and are listed below. They were considered minor goddesses of the hula. maile kaluhea is also believed by some to be a sister. see moekahi, māpu, palai₁, and chants, līhau and ʻū₁. The maile vine has shiny fragrant leaves and is used for decorations and leis, especially on important occasions. It is a member of the periwinkle family. Laka, goddess of the hula, was invoked as the goddess of the maile, which was one of five standard plants used in her altar. (Neal 690–1) [PPN *maile, a fragrant vine or shrub (alyxia sp.)]

maile haolen. the myrtle (Myrtus communis), an aromatic shrub from the Mediterranean region and western Asia, a favorite garden plant in many countries, and formerly used in Rome for wreaths to crown the victor. The leaves look like those of maile and formerly were used by Hawaiian for leis like maile, the bark being stripped from the stems in the same way, with teeth holding one end. (Neal 631)

mākila [·kila]nvt. Maui name for mānai, needle; to string, as leis.

maleiʻiavi. to be decked with leis.

mali₂nvt. to tie, as bait to a hook, hook to a line, feathers to a lei, or the end of a rope so that it will not unravel; a string used for such purposes.

mānai [·nai]nvt. needle for stringing leis, formerly of coconut midrib, now of wire; to string leis. Also called hānai on Hawaiʻi, mākila on Maui, and mōkila on Kauaʻi.

Mānai pua ana kākou.We are stringing flowers.

manai [ma-nai]s. An instrument used anciently as a needle in stringing flowers for wreaths; e ake no lakou e hookuikui i ka manai, a uo i ke kaula i lawa; a sharp instrument to make leis with.

mānewanewa₄ [·newa·newa]n. name given for a beach grass; used in leis on Lānaʻi.

maʻo₄n. the hairy abutilon (Abutilon grandifolium), a weedy, hairy, South American shrub, with large, broad leaves, orange, ʻilima-like flowers, and ten-parted, black, dry fruits. When green and soft, these fruits are used in making ʻilima leis, one for each end of the lei. (Neal 550)

maunaloa₁ [mauna·loa]n. a sea bean, Dioclea wilsonii, a vine from Brazil growing wild in Hawaiʻi, the blue or white flowers used for leis, the beans for medicine. (Neal 463)

maunaloa₂ [mauna·loa]n. Canavalia cathartica, a vine from the Mascarene Islands, the white, lavender, pink, or reddish flowers commonly used for leis. (Neal 464)

mauʻu Kaleponi [mauʻu kale·poni]n. the yellow foxtail (Setaria geniculata), a weedy tropical American grass. The yellow or brownish, cylindrical flower heads are smooth and soft, and in Hawaiʻi are used for leis on hats. lit., California grass. (Neal 75)

mauʻu lein. the swollen finger grass (Chloris inflata), an annual weedy grass from tropical America, 30 to 60 cm high. Two to eleven feathery, purplish flower spikes radiate from the top of the stem; they are used for hat leis. (Neal 69)

mea kau lei lei seller (EH)

melian. all species and varieties of plumeria (Plumeria) or frangipani, small, broad-topped trees, from tropical America, grown ornamentally, the flowers being one of the commonest kinds for leis. The thick, stiff branches bear long leaves and many five-parted, tubular, fragrant flowers, which are white and yellow, pink to rose. cf. pua mēlia, plumeria... probably Eng.. (Neal 688)

mikilana, misilana [miki·lana]n. the Chinese rice flower (Aglaia odorata), a shrub or small tree in the mahogany family, from south China and Indo-China, grown ornamentally for the handsome leaves and fragrant flowers, which are tiny, round, and yellow; clusters of them are used for leis. (Gram. 2.9)  perhaps Chinese mei-sui-lan. (Neal 493)

mokihana₁ [moki·hana]n. a native tree (Pelea anisata), found only on Kauaʻi, belonging to the citrus family. The small, leathery, cube-shaped, anise-scented fruits, which change from green to brown, are strung in leis; they represent Kauaʻi in the leis of the islands, as designated in 1923 by the Territorial legislature. The large leaves are also fragrant. (Neal 478)

mōkila₁ [·kila] Kauaʻi name for mānai, needle; to string, as leis.

momi₂n. Niʻihau name for pūpū Niʻihau, a Niʻihau shell used in leis. also momi o kai.
 

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N

nani ahiahi [nani ahi·ahi]n. the four o'clock (Mirabilis jalapa), from tropical America, a shrubby herb with fragrant, red, white, yellow, or striped flowers, opening in late afternoon, and used by Hawaiians for leis in the evening. The plants have medicinal properties. lit., evening beauty. also pua ahiahi. (Neal 335–6)

nanioolaʻa [nani-o-Olaʻa]n. a kind of Torenia (T. asiatica), a blue-flowered ornamental annual, belonging to the snapdragon family, used in leis. (Neal 759)

nīoi lei [·oi lei]n. a kind of red pepper, with red, cherryshaped fruits, used for leis. Possibly some kind of cherry pepper (Capsicum annuum cv. 'cerasiforme'). (Neal 742)

nuʻa₁nvs.
  • thick; lush, thick-growing;
  • heaped; piled one on top of the other, as leis, mats, or ocean swells;
  • much traveled, as a road;
  • multitude, as of people, mass.
 
also hānuʻa. [(CE) PPN *nuka, ??]

Haki nuʻa ka uahi i ke kai.The spray breaks in masses in the sea.

hoʻonuʻato heap up; to give generously and continuously; to indulge, as a child; surging, rising in swells, as the sea

ka nuʻa o ka palaithe thick clump of palai ferns

moena kumu nuʻaa sleeping mat made thick at one end to serve as a head rest; lit., mat piled beginning

nuʻa kanakamany people

nuʻa moenaa heap of mats
 

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O

ʻōʻāvs. mixed, as of colors in a lei or as blood.

He Hawaiʻi ʻoia akā ua ʻōʻā ʻia me ke koko Pākē.He's Hawaiian, but there is a little strain of Chinese also.

He lei kolohala uliuli i ʻōʻā ʻia me ke keʻokeʻo.A dark pheasant feather lei mixed with white.

hoʻōʻāto mix

ʻohunvs.
  • mist, fog, vapor, light cloud on a mountain;
  • adorned as with leis
 
[(FJ) PPN *kofu, mist and other forms of water vapor; envelop (as mist)]

hōʻohuto form mist; misty, etc

Hui ʻia ke ʻala me ke onaona i lei ʻohu nou, ē Kalani.Combined are fragrance and sweetness into a lei to adorn you, O Queen. (name song for Liliʻuoka-lani)

ʻoni₂n. spirals of several colors in composite leis.

ʻōpaka₁ [ʻō·paka]nvs. cut in evenly matched vertical facets, often eight, as of a bowl, spittoon, kukui shell in a lei; facet, prism. see ʻumeke ʻōpaka.

hoʻōpakato cut in ʻōpaka fashion

ʻōpelu kākala lei [ʻō·pelu ·kala lei]n. a variety of small deep-water ʻōpelu. lit., rough ʻōpelu with leis.

ʻōpuʻu₂ [ʻō·puʻu]n. a whale-tooth pendant, not tongue-shaped like the lei palaoa.

Ka ʻōpuʻu kaimana e hulali nei .Diamond pendant sparkling here. (song)

Kalaniʻōpuʻu.The whale-tooth pendant high chief. (name of a chief)

ʻōʻū₃n. a finch-like Hawaiian honey creeper (Psittirostra psittacea), with an almost parrot-like bill, endemic to the main Hawaiian Islands, but becoming very rare. Its green feathers were used for making cloaks and leis. see ex., kuaola. cf. ʻōʻū lae oʻo, ʻōʻū poʻo lapalapa. rare. 

ʻAuhea wale ʻoe, ē ka manu ʻōʻū ʻoe o ka nahele.Listen, O bird, you honey creeper of the forest. (song)
 

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P

pahapahaopolihale [paha·paha-o-poli·hale]n. a kind of pahapaha said to be found only at Polihale, Kauaʻi; after drying it was believed to revive when immersed in sea water; it was made into leis. (FS 103)

paikauleia [pai-kau-lei-a]s. Paikau and lei, a wreath, and a for ia, passive, wreathed. A woman that puts on a lei so as to signify that she is for sale; an abandoned woman going from place to place; a tattler.

paʻiniu [paʻi·niu]n. some native Hawaiian lilies (Astelia spp) with long, narrow, silvery or tan leaves forming rosette-shaped plants growing either on the ground or perching on trees. Small yellow or greenish flowers develop in a panicle on a stalk shorter than the leaves. Formerly, Hawaiians braided hat leis out of the shiny outer layer of the leaves and wore them as a sign that they had visited Kīlauea Volcano, where one species is common. Also used, rarely, for house thatch (For. 5:655) . (Neal 192)

pala₇n. a native fern (Marattia douglasii), with a short trunk and large, long-stemmed, much divided, dark-green fronds. In time of famine, the thick, starchy, hoof-shaped bases of the frond stems, which cover the short trunk, were eaten after being baked in an imu over night. The mucilaginous water resulting from slicing and soaking the raw stems in water was used medicinally. Pieces of the fronds mixed with maile leis enhanced their fragrance. The fern was used also in heiau ceremonies. (Neal 6, 7) [(EO) PPN *pala, tree-fern sp]

palaoa₁n.
  • sperm whale;
  • ivory, especially whale tusks as used for the highly prized lei palaoa;
  • whale-tooth pendant.
 
[(EP) PPN *paraaoa, whale]

makau palaoafishhook made of whale ivory

papahi [pa-pa-hi]adj. Of or belonging to a kind of lei; as, lei papahi.

paukū₁ [pau·]nvs.
  • section, link, piece; jointed, linked.
  • stanza, verse, as in the Bible; canto; article, as of law; paragraph;
  • to section off, cut in sections, slice in sections;
  • to make a lei with sections of different colors, as feathers, or roses and begonias;
  • land section smaller than a moʻo (Thrum, p. 68);
  • a unit of measurement;
  • a squad (military; see mokuna);
 

E paukū ana ka hala me ka lehua.Pandanus and lehua sections being made into a lei. (PH 27)

pepa lein. crepe paper, as used in lei making. lit., lei paper.

pīkake₁ [·kake]n. the Arabian jasmine (Jasminum sambac), introduced from India, a shrub or climber, with rounded, dark-green leaves and small, white, very fragrant flowers used for leis. Since Princess Kaʻiulani was fond of both these flowers and her peacocks (pīkake), the same name was given the flowers. (Neal 680)

pīpā₂ [·]n. kāʻeʻe bean and purgative made from it; the bean is also strung in leis.

pipa [pi-pa] The fruit of the kae, a fruit like a bean. See kaee. The name of a medicine given to mad-men. See kipa.

ponimōʻī [poni·mōʻī]n. the introduced carnation or pink (Dianthus caryophyllus), a plant widely cultivated for its attractive and spicy-fragrant flowers, one of the commonest flowers used for leis. The Hawaiian name resulted from confusing the English name with "coronation". (Neal 345–6)

pōniu₃ [·niu]n. the balloon vine or heartseed (Cardiospermum halicacabum), a slender, herbaceous, tropical vine, with finely subdivided leaves, small white flowers, and 2.5 cm-wide balloon-like fruiting capsules, each with three seeds (black with a white heart-shaped scar). Hawaiians formerly used the whole plant as a magic remedy for dizziness, wearing it as a lei and eating a little, before throwing it away into the ocean. also haleakaiʻa, ʻinalua, pōhuehue uka. (Neal 532) [(FJ) PPN *pooniu, a plant (cardiospermum halicacabum)]

pōpōlehua [··lehua]n. an ixora (Ixora casei) from Kosrae (Kusaie Island), a shrub ornamentally for its large round clusters of red flowers, which are used for leis. Each flower has a narrow red tube about 5 cm long, tipped with four short lobes. (Neal 802)

pua hala, puahalan. bright yellow base of a pandanus (hala) key that may be used for leis.

pua hōkū hihi [pua · hihi]n. the waxflower (Hoya bicarinata), an ornamental vine from Samoa, Tonga, and Fiji, in the milkweed family. Leaves are thick, broad-oval, paired, at their bases bearing short clusters of waxy, fragrant, white and pink, star-shaped flowers used for leis. lit., entangled star flower. (Neal 700)

pua kalaunun. the crown flower (Calotropis gigantea), a large shrub, native from India to the East Indies, belonging to the milkweed family. The crown-shaped flowers, white or lavender, are commonly used for leis, and the plants for hedges in dry areas. called liliʻu on Niʻihau. (Neal 698–9)

pua kenikeni, puakenikeni [pua keni·keni]n. a shrub or small tree (Fagraea berteriana), from the South Pacific, grown ornamentally for foliage, flowers, fruit. The flowers are 5 cm long, white, changing to orange, fragrant, and used for leis. The 2.5 cm-wide berry is orange or red. lit., ten-cent flower, so-called because at one time the flowers are said to have sold for ten cents each. (Neal 682)

pua lein. flowers for leis; cherished blossom or child.

pūʻaliʻali redup. of pūʻali₂; of varying thickness, as a cord or ʻilima lei not carefully woven.

puhi lei halan. a variety of eel. Its coloring suggests a lei of pandanus keys. lit., pandanus-lei eel.

pūkāmole [··mole]n. a low, shrubby plant (Lythrum maritimum) native to Peru, with slender branches and small narrow leaves. Sometimes the bark is stripped off and wound around leis for its mild fragrance and small pink flowers. It belongs to the crape myrtle family. Some persons qualify the name by lau liʻi and lau nui. also nīnika. (Neal 617)

pūkiawe₁ [·kiawe]n. the black-eyed Susan (Abrus precatorius), a slender climbing legume, long known in the tropics, especially for its small round red and black seeds, which are used for leis, rosaries, and costume jewelry. Though the seeds are edible when cooked, when raw and broken they are poisonous. Flowers are small, light-colored; leaves small, compound. Also pūpūkiawe, pūkiawe lei, to distinguish from pūkiawe₂ and pūkiawe ʻulaʻula on Niʻihau. (Neal 455–6)

pūleho [·leho]n. an elongated type of cowry (Luria isabella); worn in leis. rare.  [(OC) PPN *pule, cowrie shell]

pūʻoheʻohen. Job's-tears (Coix lachryma-jobi), a coarse, branched grass closely related to corn, growing in many tropical regions, either wild or cultivated. It is an annual, .3 to 1.8 m high, with long, pointed leaves, and, at stem tips, hard, round, beadlike seeds—black, gray, or white—which are used for leis, mats, food, medicine. also kūkaekōlea, ʻoheʻohe, pūpū kōlea. (Neal 80–1)

pūpū lei hala [· lei hala]n. a marine shell (Hydatina amplustre, Bursa granularis). lit., pandanus-lei shell.

pūpū Niʻihau [· niʻi·hau]n. small shells, especially Columbella and Leptothyra used in Niʻihau shell leis; known as momi or momi-o-kai on Niʻihau.
 

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U

uilon. square-shaped braid, as in lei palaoa cord.

uina [u-i-na] To crack, as a rope or string of a lei. Laieik. 145.

uluulu lein. leis offered to the gods.

hoʻouluulu leihula altar where fresh leis were placed during hula instruction

umaumalei [uma·uma·lei]n. a fish similar to but darker than the palani or pualu. It has bright orange-red spots around the gills and side fins and at the base of the caudal fin where the spike is set. lit., lei [for the] chest.

ʻuo₁, ʻuwonvt. a group of feathers tied together in a small bunch, to be made into a feather lei or cloak; to tie thus; to tie into a lei; to string on a needle; to splice, interweave, as strands of a rope; seizing turns in lashing. PCP *kuo.

Ke ʻuo i ka mānaithreading [flowers] on the needle (PH 191)

ʻUo ʻia i ka mānai hoʻokahistrung on the same lei needle [married] (ON 2881)

uo [u-o]v. Ka uo ana i ka lei, ke kui ana me ka manai, a uo aku i ke kaula; to fasten by tying or braiding for a certain purpose; to splice two ends of rope.

ʻuoʻuo₂vt. to string, as leis.
 

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W

wahine kau lei lei seller (female) (EH)

wāpine, vabine [·pine]n. the lemon verbena (Aloysia triphylla), a South American shrub, with rough lemonscented, narrow leaves, and small white or lavender flowers in spikes. Formerly the plant was a favorite in Hawaiian gardens, and was used in leis. Eng. (Neal 724)

wilelaiki [wile·laiki]n. the Christmas-berry tree (Schinus terebinthifolius), a rather small tree, from Brazil, the leaves compound, each leaf having about seven leaflets, the flowers whitish, small, in large bunches, the small red fruits of the female tree abundant, resembling those of the pūkiawe. Named for Willie Rice [William Hyde Rice?], who during political campaigns wore a hat lei of the red berries. (Neal 525)

wili₃n. spirals of several colors in composite leis, as of the cigar flower (kīkā).

wili ohon. coil or strand of hair, as in a lei palaoa necklace.

Ka wili oho o ka lani nui.The hair dresser of the great chief. (For. 6:413)

wiliwili₂ [wili·wili]n. a Hawaiian leguminous tree (Erythrina sandwicensis, formerly called E. monosperma), found on dry coral plains and on lava flows, somewhat spiny, with short thick trunk. Each leaf has three ovate leaflets; flowers are clustered near branch ends and range in color from red to orange, yellow, white; pods contain red, oblong seeds, used for leis. The wood is very light and formerly was used for surfboards, canoe outriggers, net floats. see ex. pua₁. (Neal 458–60)

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