The earliest Hawaiian word lists

Anderson - 1778    Samwell - 1779    Beresford - 1787    Martinez - 1789    Santeliz es Pablo - 1791    Quimper - 1791    
Lisiansky - 1804    Campbell - 1809    Gaimard/Arago - 1819    Bishop/Ellis - 1825    Botta - 1828    Dumont - 1834    

Urey Lisiansky's List
(1804)

The Russian imperial ship Neva, commanded by Capt. Lieut. Urey Lisiansky arrived in Hawaiʻi on June 8, 1804 and left on June 20 in the company of its senior vessel, the Nadeshda, commanded by Capt. Lieut. Adam John von Krusenstern.

Lisiansky was born in the Ukraine on August 2, 1773 and served in both the Russian and British navies. According to J. B. Rudnyckyj (n.d.), the English translation of the word list is an abbreviated version of the Russian original, reduced from 203 words (including a few phrases) to 172. (See Campbell's List for the Neva's visit in 1809.)

adapted from Albert J. Schütz, "Voices of Eden" pp. 38.

analyzed and annotated by Anatole Lyovin


click on column heading to sort

num.list wordmodern Hawaiianlist gloss
1.Mamooreema muliAfterwards
2.HoohoohuhūAngry
3.Koeereepeekoʻi lipiAxe
4.Eyo ino_____ ʻinoBad, that is
5.OpooʻōpūBelly
6.Ererˆ'ʻeleʻeleBlack
7.TaateekeikiBoy
8.OolooʻuluBread-fruit
9.Omy maiBring hither
10.Tay tyinakaikainaBrother
11.Opeeheepihi*Button
*from ʻopihi?
12.TooaykūʻaiBuy, to
13.Tabetee, or KabekeekāpikiCabbage
14.Kooniahi() kuni ahiCannon
15.Hevahahe waʻaCanoe, single
16.Mokorooamaka luaCanoe, double
17.PopokeepōpokiCat
18.TapakapaCloth of the country
19.MaromaloCloth which men tie round the waist
20.PaoopāʻūCloth which women tie round the waist
21.Moakaneemoa kāneCock
22.NeooniuCocoa-nut
23.Here' mayoe'hele mai ʻoeCome hither
24.AvˆauēCry, to
25.Ahoorae hulaDance, to
26.IheeiheDart, a small
27.Erapoo he lā*he a ('a day until night')Day
*pō is 'night'
28.Makeroamake loaDead
29.AlohaalohaDo, how do you?
30.RioʻīlioDog
31.PookapukaDoor
32.Pimy vypiʻi mai wai*Dry, I am
*'foreigner talk' for piʻi mai he wai?
33.PepeiaoopepeiaoEars
34.Ehonooahe honuaEarth
35.E-ay-oe'E ʻai ʻoeEat, will you?
36.Aoree maka makaʻaʻole makamaka ('no friend')*Enemy
*more 'foreigner talk'?
37.Ehaourihe haoleEuropean
38.AheeaheeahiahiEvening
39.MakamakaEye
40.AlohaalohaFarewell
41.MakooakaneemakuakāneFather
42.Limameke poelima ʻumeke poiFinger, fore
43.Limoainalima ʻāina ('second finger')Finger, middle
44.Limapeeleelima piliFinger, third
45.Leemyiteelima ikiFinger, little
46.Leema-leemalimalima*Fingers
*more 'foreigner talk'? Accdording to the Pukui-Elbert dictionary, the reduplicated form has several meanings, but 'plural' is not among them.
47.Heyohe iʻaFish
48.MakamakamakamakaFriend
49.Ty tamaheeneekaikamahineGirl
50.Riokaolio kao*, ʻīlio ('any foreign quarduped')Goat
*The current word is kao. The phrase rio kao seems to be a shortened version of ʻʻīlio kao, literally 'cow-like dog.' See the chapter on borrowings for a longer discussion of rio.
51.Heraperahele pēlāGo away
52.Mamooreeaio? ma muli mai ʻoeGo with me, or Follow me
53.KooaakuaGod
54.MytymaikaʻiGood
55.Toopoonakaneekupuna kāneGrandfather
56.Toopoonoaheeneekupuna wahine / kupunahineGrandmother
57.MoumauʻuGrass
58.OmomaoʻōmaʻomaʻoGreen
59.PooGun
60.LavohoolauohoHair
61.LeemalimaHand
62.NaneenaniHandsome
63.Papale'pāpaleHat
64.Oeraʻo ia alaHe or she
65.PoupoʻoHead
66.Moa vaheeneemoa wahineHen
67.RoeeheelōʻihiHigh
68.PooapuaʻaHog
69.HareehaleHouse
70.Pororeevoupōloli wauHungry, I am
71.VouwauI
72.Motoo, or MokoomokuIsland
73.PapaheepepehiKill, to
74.KooleekuliKnee
75.OkeeokeeʻokiʻokiKnife
76.Punee puneepunipuniLie
77.Elehelehe'he leheleheLips
78.PoupoupoupouLittle
79.AneeaneeanianiLooking-glass
80.HehenahehenaMad
81.KanakakanakaMan
82.Ayakanaka myty? eia kanaka maikaʻiMan, he is a good
83.MoenamoenaMat (to sleep on)
84.AhooʻahuMat (used for clothing)
85.Ipoopaeenaipu pāʻinaMelon
86.Ipoohoeoreeipu haoleMelon, a water-
87.MaheenamahinaMoon
88.TikaekaneykakahiakaMorning, the
89.AboboʻapōpōMorrow
90.MakooaheeneemakuahineMother
91.MayomaiʻaoNails
92.Aoomoe'aumoeNight
93.KooreekoorekulikuliQuiet, be?
94.EhuihuNose
95.Pokyhupuka ihuNostrils
96.Ehoeehe hoeOar
97.Oreema reemahoʻolimalimaPay you, I will
98.MyomaiʻaPlantains
99.AynaʻāinaPlantation
100.OovaraʻualaPotatoes, sweet
101.KahoonakahunaPriest
102.VeeteewikiQuickly
103.Iore'ʻioleRat
104.OoraooraʻulaʻulaRed
105.PakypaʻakaiSalt
106.PaheeoroopahioloSaw, a
107.OopaʻūpāScissars
108.TykaiSea
109.Rio hoolloo, or Rio veoveoʻīlio huluhulu, ʻīlio weuweuSheep, a
110.Nana meereemeereenānā milimiliShew what is that
111.Tay tooaheeneekaikuahineSister
112.NohonohoSit down
113.Heraneehe laniSky
114.PororoopololūSpear
115.Noohoo mareeanoho mālieStay a little
116.VavywāwaeStep, a
117.PoohakoopōhakuStone
118.LaSun
119.Aori pooaoe'? ʻaʻole puaʻa ʻoeSwine, have you?
120.Aoreepooa paha? ʻaʻole puaʻa pahaSwine, I have no
121.Pooano pahapuaʻa pahaSwine, I have
122.Erove'e laweTake that
123.NeehonihoTeeth
124.HeavooheiauTemple
125.Ayhooe'ʻaihueThief
126.OohaʻūhāThigh
127.Limanuilima nui (manamana lima nui)Thumb
128.ManakamanakāTired, I am
129.AlelualeloTongue
130.Hamaoo noohoo mariahāmau noho mālieTongue, hold your
131.Noohoo mareeanoho mālieTouch it not
132.LaaoolāʻauTree
133.TaooakauaWar
134.VywaiWater
135.Vymytywai maikaʻiWater, is your, good?
136.Eio myty? eia maikaʻiWell, that is
137.Ehara teynahe aha kēnāWhat is that?
138.Earahe aha What, or Where
139.AhveaʻauheaWhere is he?
140.KeokeokeʻokeʻoWhite
141.Vaynoa eia kanakaʻo wai (ka) inoa o ia kanakaWho is it?
142.Vahene'wahineWoman
143.HanahanahanahanaWork, to
144.Tooitahee i ka iheWounded
145.OoheeuhiYam, a root
146.MakahitymakahikiYear
147.OrenaʻōlenaYellow
148.AyʻaeYes
149.Oe'ʻoeYou
150.Akaheeʻekahi1
151.Arooaʻelua2
152.Akorooʻekolu3
153.Ahaʻehā4
154.Areemaʻelima5
155.Aonoʻeono6
156.Aheetooʻehiku7
157.Avarooʻewalu8
158.Yvaʻeiwa9
159.Aoomi(he) ʻumi10
160.Iva koorooaiwakālua20
161.Kana korookanakolu30
162.Kanahakanahā40
163.Arooa kanahaʻelua kanahā80
164.Akoroo kanahaʻekolu kanahā120
165.Aha kanahaʻehā kanahā160
166.Areema kanahaʻelima kanahā200
167.Aono kanahaʻeono kanahā240
168.Aheeto kanahaʻehiku kanahā280
169.Avaroo kanahaʻewalu kanahā320
170.Yva kanahaʻeiwa kanahā360
171.Aoomi kanaha(he) ʻumi kanahā400
172.Manoomano1000

REFERENCES

Lisiansky, Urey (Lisianskii, Iurii Fedorovich). 1814. A Voyage Round the World, in the Years 1803, 4, 5, & 6; Performed, by Order of his Imperial Majesty, Alexander the First, Emperor of Russia, in the Ship Neva. English translation by the author. London: Booth. xxi, [2], 388 pp. [Some 170 HAW words collected ca. 1804, pp. 326–28.]
Rudnyckyj, J. B., ed. n.d. Lisiansky's Hawaiian Dictionary of 1804. Ms., 7 //.<AJS> [This copy is a handwritten draft of the introduction. The author makes the point that the English translation of Lisiansky's word list is an abbreviated version. "Unfortunately, Pukui-Elbert's dictionary quotes (and excerpts) only the abbreviated English version ..."]