The earliest Hawaiian word lists

Anderson - 1778    Samwell - 1779    Beresford - 1787    Martinez - 1789    Santeliz es Pablo - 1791    Quimper - 1791    
Lisiansky - 1804    Campbell - 1809    Gaimard/Arago - 1819    Bishop/Ellis - 1825    Botta - 1828    Dumont - 1834    

Santeliz es Pablo's List
(1791)

Three 1791 lists including Hawaiian are attributed to Santeliz es Pablo. We know little about the provenance of these lists except the signature, (Juan Eugenio Santeliz es Pablo), place (Mexico [City]), and date (16 March 1791) at the end of a three-page letter introducing the glossaries. Each list is arranged alphabetically according to the Spanish gloss, and two of them also include Nootka and "Mexican" words.

adapted from Albert J. Schütz, "Voices of Eden" p. 37.


The table below is what Schütz refers to as Santeliz es Pablo's List 2. List 1, of 70 items, including Nootka forms, is not shown, as the Hawaiian contents are fully duplicated in List 2. (The Mexican forms which were included in both lists have also been omitted.) Occasional minor differences in List 1 are shown in square brackets.

analyzed and annotated by Albert J. Schütz


click on column heading to sort

num.list wordmodern Hawaiianlist glossCastellano
1.pitatano___underabajo
2.otere? __kiliopen the doorabrir la puertta
3.hevay [heway]he waidrinking water [water]agua pana beber
4.hetayhe kaisea wateragua del mar
5.xou? haoneedleaguja
6.abatea___nowahora
7.hinhina___threatenamenazar
8.xerehelewalkandar
9.mataumakaufishhookanzuelo
10.hamiamia___rainbowarco-iris
11.pitani__a______arribo_
12.toxorakoholāwhaleballena
13.motumokuboatbarco
14.aquae___beardbarba
15.hijomay______ba_ar
16.hinuinudrinkbeber
17.regerege [regerege lavios]lehelehe?mouthboca
18.pujapūhāyawnbostezo*
*Castellano bostero corrected to bostezo
19.maytaymaikaʻigoodbueno
20.himiʻimiseekbuscar
21.nimanimalimalima (ʻhandle')armsbrazos
22.popoʻoheadcabeza
23.ojoohohairscabellos
24.moe___streetcalle
25.mexanamahana (ʻwarm')heatcalor
26.aremoe? wahi moebedcama
27.too?sugarcanecaña dulce
28.roa___canoecanoa
29.xoehoepaddle or oarcanalete, o Remo
30.hexurahe hulasingcantar
31.hiri___captaincapitan
32.papaninapapālina (ʻcheek')facecara
33.papaninapapālinacheekscarrillos
34.harehalehousecasa
35.hipuipu (ʻgourd')boxcaja (caxa)
36.papanipapaniclosecerrar
37.tuematakuʻemakaeyebrowscejas (cexax)
38.matapomakapōblindciego
39.enanihe laniskycielo
40.niuniucoconutcoco
41.ayʻaieatcomer
42.ite?______como se uama esto?
43.taray? kālaicutcortar
44.tujkuʻisewcoser
45.hoopa______cojo (coxo)
46.hahiʻāʻīneckcuello
47.taurakaularopecuerda
48.memerememeledancedanzar
49.hoavihāʻawi_____givedar alguno?
50.xomaihō mai___da__e
51.mayaumaiʻao (ʻfingernail')fingersdedos
52.tataeta (?)? kakahiaka (ʻmorning')daydia
53.anoʻānō ('now, present')todayde hoy
54.hinehineyi nehineiyesterdayde ayer
55.nixonihoteeth [tooth]dientese [diente]
56.hexaʻehagriefdolor
57.nanurunanuluheadachedolor de cabeza
58.moemoesleepdormir
59.roaloaʻafind something lostencontrnar lo perdido
60.matemakesickenfermo
61.tataukākauwrite (perhaps paint) [ write]escribir (quiza pintar) [ escribir]
62.ororohoʻolonolistenescuchar
63.tujakuhaspitescupir
64.hanihanianianimirrorespejo
65.tutuekukulibe kneeling (?)estar arro-dillado
66.tube stoppingestar parado
67.nohonohobe seatedestar sentado
68.herayhe laeforeheadfrente
69.totoekoʻekoʻecoldfrio
70.heagihe ahifirefuego
71.moamoahengallina
72.oreroʻōlelospeakhablar
73.______hanapino (?)hablar ?contar
74.nuy nuy oreronuinui ʻōlelotalkativehablador na__zes
75.maxanamāhanatwinshermano
76.piraupilaustinkhedor
77.matagiogu___sonhijo
78.axoahothreadhilo
79.tanatakanakapersonhombre
80.lexu? lehu ('ashes')___inchazon (?)
81.reperepe______la_ios
82.hauha? haehaeto barkladrar
83.xuna? huna (ʻhidden')thiefladron
84.heyge? ihespearlanza
85.tatakaka (ʻrinse, clean')washlavar
86.hereroelelotonguelengua
87.noxorogu___raiselevantar_e
88.pugu___sorellaga
89.peagi? peahi ('wave, signal')call to someonellamar a alguno
90.heuve (?)__auēweepllorar
91.heuhahe uato rain [rain]llover
92.maimai___now, or from here [yet little]luego, o de aqui aun poco
93.maginamahinamoonluna
94.matuaginemakuahinemothermadre
95.punipunipunipuni ('lie, cheat')badmalo
96.aboboʻapōpōtomorrowmañana
97.pe…gi? peahi ('wave, signal')handsmanos
98.mumukumumukumaimedmanco
99.peppegipepehi ('beat')killmatar
100.iteʻikeunderstandme entiender?
101.papaninapapālinacheeksmexillas (mejillas)
102.veriveriweliwelifearmiedo
103.naninānālookmirar
104.hupehūpēmucusmocos
105.tuagivikuahiwimountainmonte
106.tupapaukupapaʻu ('corpse')diemorir
107.theytyi? keikiboy ____muchacho de____
108.hititi___of seven yearsde siete años
109.hitiriti___of ten and ___ yearsde diez, y _eir años
110.heroxa___mutemudo
111.guagine? kuahine ka wahinewomanmuger (mujer)
112.hujaʻūhāthighsmuslos
113.papatorepāpākolebuttocksnalgas
114.heyxuhe ihunosenariz
115.punia `head eold'___punianariz embromada
116.poxinapōhinafogneblina
117.paupaunono
118.poexe ___nightnoche
119.hegiatapu___red cloudsnubes roxas (rojas)
120.xeau? he aowhite cloudsnubes blancas
121.honogiōnohieyesojos
122.enanuhe nanuwavesolas del mar
123.popoyaupepeiaoearsorejas
124.matuatanamakuakānefatherpadre
125.hemanuhe manuduckpato
126.guagie___woodpalo
127.tugitugi___paper, or thin fabricpapel, o ropa delgado de _______
128.manaro___ask __somethingpedir alg__ cosa
129.motumotumokumokufight with stick [fight]pelear con palo [pelear]
130.heojohe ohohairpelo
131.humihumiʻumiʻumibeard-hairpelo de la barba
132.hirioʻīliodogperro
133.digidigilihilihieyelashespestañas
134.moenamoenasleeping matpetate, o estera [petate]
135.pauhege___dyed matpetate pintado
136.tu______pexcado
137.eya______pezcado
138.puatupōhakustonepiedra
139.vavaywāwaelegspiernas
140.taquay___feetpies
141.mayamaiʻabananasplatanos
142.eppa? ipudishplato
143.xuxumanuhulu manufeatherpluma
144.puapuaʻapigpuerco
145.humahuma___breastspechos
146.hettuihe kuʻi (? papa kuʻi)jawsquijadar
147.hotehupe___remove the mucusquitarse los mocos
148.nonoy___giveregalar
149.ataʻakalaughreir
150.heuhina___quick personrelanpago (?)
151.peruperu___paddle, struggleremar
152.hatatahakakāquarrelreñir
153.mahonamāʻonasatedrepelto
154.vaytage? wai kahe ('flowing water')riverrio
155.turiturikulikuli (foreigner talk?)kneesrodillas
156.em…ri? he male ('phlegm, mucus')saliva from lungs or throat'saliva
157.xo-haru______sentarse (?)
158.ageiʻaeyessi
159.xoe______silvar
160.herahe sunsol
161.xonono___deafsordo
162.arapialapiʻirisesubir
163.xerara___stuttertartamudo
164.haruru___trembling of handstemblor de manos
165.yutai ukaearthtierra
166.______xaniratierra uana
167.hupaʻūpāscissorstixeras (tijeras)
168.hauhaxu______tocer
169.hoavihōʻawe ('carry')taketoma
170.naya___tunny, dolphintonina
171.xonuhonuturtletortuga
172.aetirihekilithundertrueno
173.namatexa? makapaʻablind in one eyetuerto
174.pimaypiʻi maicome hereven aca
175.erapera______vete
176.matanimakaniwindviento
177.hopuʻōpūbellyvientre
178.mayaumaiʻaofinger-nailsvñas (uñas)
179.peynua___vomitvomitar
180.atageʻekahioneuno
181.aruaʻeluatwodos
182.atoroʻekoluthreetres
183.ahaʻehāfourquatro
184.arimaʻelimafivecinco
185.aonoʻeonosixseis
186.ahituʻehikusevensiete
187.arite? ʻewlaueightocho
188.aevaʻeiwaninenueve
189.humiʻumitendiez
190.sumamat…ge(ʻumi) kumamākahielevenonze (once)
191.sumamarua(ʻumi) kumamāluatwelvedoce
192.sumamatoro(ʻumi) kumamākoluthirteentrece
193.sumamaha(ʻumi) kumamāhāfourteencatorce
194.sumamarima(ʻumi) kumamālimafifteenquinze (quince)
195.sumamaono(ʻumi) kumamāonosixteendiez, y seis
196.sumamahitu(ʻumi) kumamāhikuseventeendiez, y siete
197.sumamarite(ʻumi kumamāwalu)eighteendiez, y ocho
198.sumamaˆte(ʻumi kumamāiwa)nineteendiez, y nueve
199.sumamahumi___twentyviente
200.tanat ge___twenty-oneviente, y uno
201.tanarua___twenty-twoviente, y dos
202.tanatoro(kanakolu '30')twenty-threeviente, y tres
203.tanaha(kanahā '40')twenty-fourviente, y quatro
204.tanarima(kanalima '50')twenty-fiveviente, y cinco
205.tanaono(kanaono '60')twenty-sixviente, y seis
206.tanaitu(kanahiku '70')twenty-sevenviente, y viete
207.tanarite___twenty-eightviente, y ocho
208.tanaiva(kanaiwa '90')twenty-nineviente, y nuebe
209.tanahumi___thirtytreinta
210.totoa___fortyzuarenta (c-)
211.patera___fiftycincuenta
212.pagia___sixtysesenta
213.anexu___seventysetenta
214.rau (suavelar)___eightyochenta
215.nayti___ninetynoventa
216.poina___hundredciento

REFERENCES

Santeliz es Pablo, Juan Eugenio. 1791. [Vocabulario Castellano Nutkeño, Sandwich, y Mexicano]. Ms. [A collection of three word lists: (1) Castellano—Nutkeño—Sandwich—Mexicano, 70 words; (2) Castellano—Sandwich—Mexicano, 216 words; (3) Castellano (this time also called Español)—Nutkeño—Sandwich—Mexicano, 312 words. Each is arranged alphabetically, according to the Spanish gloss. Peter A. Lanyon-Orgill (1979:182) referred to the Nootka list as a "defective copy" (apparently of Cook’s list) and Santeliz es Pablo as a compiler (rather than collector).]