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Updated: 3/19/2012
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Micronesian Comparative Dictionary

Finderlist

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b

ba    be    bi    bl    bo    br    bu    

ba

back

‘pulled back, pull back (of foreskin or eyelid)’ - PWMc *kura, kura-ti, kura-ta

‘back (of body)’ - PMc *takuru

bail

‘to bail’ - PMc *[fØ]ani[fØ]ani

bailer

‘bailer’ - PMc *[ln]ima

bait

‘bait, worm’ - PMc *paa₁

bake

‘earth oven, bake in an oven’ - PMc *wumʷu, wumʷu-ni-

balloon

‘balloon fish, puffer fish, be large’ - PMc *wasi, wasiwasi

bamboo

‘bamboo’ - PCMc *tici

banana

‘banana’ - PMc *wuci

bananas

‘hand of bananas’ (counting classifier) - PCMc *i[tØ]i

bark

‘skin, bark’ - PMc *kuli

barracuda

‘barracuda’ - PCMc *tarawa

‘barracuda’ - PMc *turai

Barringtonia

tree (Barringtonia asiatica) - PMc *futu

‘tree (Barringtonia asiatica) - PMc *iwu

base

‘beginning, origin, base’ - PWMc *capi

‘at, in’ (with a noun base) - PWMc *lee-, law-

‘base, tail’ - PMc *pʷuku

basis

‘cause, beginning, basis’ - PMc *pʷenu

basket

‘kind of round basket’ - PCMc *pʷaca₂

‘basket’ - PMc *pʷasau

bass

‘any of several kinds of sea bass’ - PWMc *tawia

bathe

‘dive, bathe’ - PMc *Suu, SuuSuu, Suu-fi-

TOP      ba    be    bi    bl    bo    br    bu    

be

be

‘be, exist’ - PWMc *oro

beach

‘shore, beach, vicinity’ - PMc *aro-

‘sand, beach’ - PMc *pia, pipia, piapia

bear

‘lift up, carry, bear in one’s hands’ - PMc *tap[ae], tap[ae]-ki

‘be born, bear young’ - PMc *t[iu]pʷu

beard

‘beard’ - PMc *al[iu]ta

beat

‘to beat, to strike with an object’ - PCMc *w[ao]pʷo

‘strike, hit, beat’ - PMc *wece or *woco

‘strike, hit, beat’ - PMc *woco

because

‘because’ - PCMc *pʷ[ae]

beckon

‘to wave, beckon’ - PMc *alo, aloalo, alo-[fØ]i

become

‘become aware, wake up, be surprised’ - PMc *rut[iu]

before

‘ahead, going before’ - PMc *mʷ[ou]a

begin

‘come into view, begin to take shape’ - PCMc *piŋu, pʷuŋu

beginning

‘beginning, origin, base’ - PWMc *capi

‘cause, beginning, basis’ - PMc *pʷenu

behind

‘behind’ - PMc *mʷuri-

behold

‘to see, behold’ - PMc *loo, loo-Si

being

‘state of being’ - PCMc *ca-

‘stative prefix indicating that what is described is an appearance or condition of being’ - PMc *ma-

belch

‘to belch’ - PMc *kurer[ae]

believe

‘trust, believe, be confident’ - PMc *l[iu]ku

belly

‘stomach, belly, abdomen’ - PMc *tia₁

‘belly, abdomen, torso’ - PMc *wupʷa

belonging

‘person of or belonging to (a clan, nation, or place)’ - PCMc *re-, ri-

bend

‘curve, bend inward’ - PMc *cipʷa₁

‘be bent, to bend (something)’ - PMc *kupʷe, kupʷe-li

bent

‘curved, bent’ - PCMc *pʷaro

beside

‘near, beside’ - PMc *Soru-

between

‘open space between’ - PMc *kacawa

TOP      ba    be    bi    bl    bo    br    bu    

bi

bind

‘tie, bind’ - PMc *fau, fau-Si

‘builder, bind together’ - PCMc *talilapa

bird

‘kind of bird’ - PMc *kulu

‘sea bird, duck’ - PMc *ŋaaŋaa

‘tropic bird’ - PMc *tiku or *tuki

‘tropic bird’ - PMc *tuki

bite

‘bite’ - PMc *kai₁

‘bite’ - PMc *ku, kuku, ku-ti, kuku-ti

‘bite, peck’ - PMc *toki

bivalve

‘bivalve shell, shell knife or grater’ - PMc *koyi

TOP      ba    be    bi    bl    bo    br    bu    

bl

black

‘dark, black’ - PMc *calo, calocalo

‘a large black ant’ - PMc *kaci

blanket

‘blanket, coverlet’ - PMc *[ao]ut[ae]

block

‘be shut, blocked, to shut, block, close’ - PMc *pʷono, pʷono-ti, pʷono-ta

blocked

blood

‘blood, be bloody’ - PMc *caa, cacaa

bloody

blossom

‘open (as bud or blossom)’ - PWMc *pʷaku

‘to sprout, blossom’ - PMc *pʷere

blow

‘blow (one’s nose)’ - PCMc *f[ao]ŋ[ou]-si-

‘blow (of the wind)’ - PMc *pau, paupau

‘to blow’ - PMc *wuku, wuuku

blown

‘to sound (when blown, as a trumpet)’ - PMc *pʷuu

blue

‘green, blue’ - PMc *ma-rawa

TOP      ba    be    bi    bl    bo    br    bu    

bo

board

‘board, plank’ - PMc *papa

boat

‘steer a boat’ - PMc *ako, akoako

body

‘back (of body)’ - PMc *takuru

bone

‘bone’ - PMc *cuyi-

bonito

‘tuna, bonito’ - PMc *atu

boom

‘outrigger boom’ - PMc *kiaZo

booms

‘windward platform on outrigger booms next to hull of sailing canoe’ - PWMc *farafa

born

‘newly born, infant’ - PCMc *ka[wØ]o

‘be born, bear young’ - PMc *t[iu]pʷu

bottom

‘bottom, butt end’ - PMc *kapi

boundary

‘boundary’ - PCMc *tiaa

bowl

‘bowl, constellation Delphinus’ - PMc *tapia

TOP      ba    be    bi    bl    bo    br    bu    

br

branch

‘branch’ - PMc *rae

breadfruit

‘core (of breadfruit, coconut, pandanus)’ - PMc *fara

‘breadfruit’ - PMc *mai₁

‘preserved breadfruit’ - PMc *mara

break

‘break, cut, scatter’ - PMc *kala, ma-kala

‘cut, break’ - PMc *kota

‘cut, sever, break off’ - PMc *mʷotu, mʷotu-Si

‘break’ - PCMc *pʷelu

‘to break, destroy (something)’ - PCMc *sawa-ti-, sawa-ta

‘break, broken’ - PMc *tawaa

breast

‘nipple’ (lit. ‘point of breast or nursing’) - PMc *mata-ni-susu

‘breast, to suckle’ - PMc *susu

‘breast’ - PCMc *wupʷu-₂

breath

‘out of breath’ - PMc *maaru

breathe

‘a cold or cough, breathe hard’ - PMc *maura

bright

‘a bright star’ - PCMc *manu

‘bright, luminous’ - PMc *rama, ma-rama

broil

‘to roast, broil’ - PCMc *tinitini, tini-mi

broken

‘shattered, broken into pieces’ - PMc *ripi, ripiripi, ma-ripi

‘break, broken’ - PMc *tawaa

brow

‘forehead, brow’ - PMc *camʷa

bruised

‘bruised’ - PMc *falu₁

brush

‘brush aside’ - PMc *peo

TOP      ba    be    bi    bl    bo    br    bu    

bu

builder

‘builder, bind together’ - PCMc *talilapa

bunch

‘bunch or cluster of nuts’ - PCMc *amʷii

bundle

bundle of something - PMc *kapa

burn

‘burn’ - PCMc *kio, kio-ri

burnt

‘burnt’ - PMc *kara, kakara

bury

‘to plant, bury’ - PMc *tawu, tawu-ni, tawu-na

busy

‘busy, occupied, detained’ - PWMc *mʷaca₁

‘busy’ - PCMc *tape₁

butt

‘bottom, butt end’ - PMc *kapi

butterfly

‘butterfly’ - PCMc *pʷepʷe

buzz

‘buzz, hum, make sound, intonation’ - PMc *ŋii

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