Pukui & Elbert - 1986
Māmaka Kaiao - 2003-10
Lorrin Andrews - 1865
updated: 12/18/2016

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hula 199

entries mentioning or related to hula...   

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ʻahaʻaina ʻūniki [ʻahaʻaina ʻū·niki]n. graduation feast, as for hula dancing or lua fighting.

ʻaiʻaminvi. type of hula with little foot movement, but with hip revolving throughout the dance; to dance thus.

ʻai haʻa₁nvi. hula step danced with bended knees; the chanting for this dance is usually bombastic and emphatic (UL 266) ; to dance thus. lit., low style.

ʻai kūvt. to eat freely; to do as one wishes; to break taboos or transgress. see ex. ʻai₁. (Kam. 64:87)

ʻO ka hula ʻai ʻai hele.A dance completely free of taboos [a saying often said by hula teachers].

ʻailolo₂ [ʻai·lolo]vt. skilled, adept, expert, trained, proficient.

Ua ʻailolo ʻoia i ka hula.He is trained in the hula.

ʻalān. dense waterworn volcanic stone, as used for poi pounders, adzes, hula stones; hard lava, basalt. Kinds of ʻalā rock, as used for adzes, are qualified by the phrases pia maka hinu, shiny-faced arrowroot; māhinu, shiny; and maka hinu, shiny face. also (Kam. 76:122) ʻalā haumeku ʻolokele, ʻalā lelekepue. [(OC) PPN *kalaa, hard, black, volcanic stone]

ʻalā o ka maʻaslingstone

Kaʻalāwaithe watery basalt (place name, Honolulu)

ʻālaʻapapa₂ [ʻā·laʻa·papa]n. type of ancient dramatic hula. (UL chapter IX)

alaapapa [a-la-a-pa-pa]s. The name of a kind of dance; he alaapapa kahi hula.

alakaʻi [ala·kaʻi]nvt. to lead, guide, direct; leader, guide, conductor, head, director. (Gram. 6.6.4)   [(FJ) PPN *hala-taki, to lead]

alakaʻi hīmeni, alakaʻi melesong leader

alakaʻi hoʻopaipaicheerleader

alakaʻi hulahula leader

alakaʻi pānaband leader

alakaʻitonic, keynote

kumu alakaʻileading teacher; exemplary teacher, pattern, or example

kumu alakaʻiprecedent, , i.e. something done or said that may act as an example to justify it being done again.

leo alakaʻione who sings the melody of a song

puke alakaʻiteacher's guide, manual

alakaʻi hulan. hula leader (HE)

aliʻipoe [aliʻi·poe]n. the ornamental cannas (Canna indica, forms and hybrids), large tropical American herbs, with large oval or narrow leaves and large red or red and yellow flowers. The round black seeds are worn in leis and are also placed in fruit shells of the laʻamia for hula rattles. Cannas are both cultivated and wild in Hawaiʻi. also liʻipoe. (Neal 263–4)

alokele₁ [alo·kele·]vs. attractive, of fine appearance.

Alokele ke ʻike aku i ke alo o ia kuahiwi.A pleasure to see the face of that mountain. (hula song)

ʻami₂nvi. a hula step with hip revolutions; to do this step. Three types are ʻami kāhela, ʻami kūkū, and ʻami ʻōniu. see also ʻami honua, ʻami kuʻupau, ʻami ʻōpū, ʻami poepoe.

ami [a-mi] A swinging, pendulous motion.

ʻamiʻami redup. of ʻami₁, , hinge, joint, to turn on hinges...; a hula step with hip revolutions...;
  • elastic, pendulous, springy;
  • jerking of the hips back and forth in a crude or vulgar ʻami hula;
  • motion of sexual intercourse;
  • to move on hinges.
[(MP) PPN *kami, open and shut mouth, gills]

amiami [a-mi-a-mi]adj. Elastic; pendulous.

ʻami honuanvi. exaggerated and rapid revolving of the hips in the hula; to do so. also ʻami kuʻupau.

ʻami kāhela [ʻami ·hela]nvi. hula step; hip rotations with weight on the right hip as the left heel lifts very slightly, then reversing; to do this ʻami. see ʻami kūkū.

ʻami kūkū [ʻami ·]nvi. a hula step with ʻami; like the ʻami kāhela except that the revolutions are smaller and faster and in groups of three; sometimes two slower kāhela revolutions are followed by three faster kūkū revolutions; to perform this step.

ʻami kuʻupau [ʻami kuʻu·pau]nvi. very rapid revolution of the hips in the hula; an uninhibited (kuʻupau) ʻami; to do so. also ʻami honua, ʻami hue.

ʻamiʻōniu [ʻamiʻō·niu]nvi. the figure-eight hula step; the revolving hips (ʻami) form an eight, with weight shifting; to perform this step. lit., spinning ʻami.

ʻami ʻōpū [ʻami ʻō·]nvi. an ʻami hula step with abdomen thrust forward, considered in poor taste; to do this step. lit. stomach ʻami.

ʻanapau [ʻana·pau]vi. to leap, frisk, frolic; frisky. [Now heard only in the song: He aha ka hana a ʻAnapau (mele maʻi for Queen Liliʻuokalani)? What does Frisky do?]

hōʻanapauto caper, cavort; to twist and turn the body, especially in the finale of a hula with rapid hip movements

anapau [a-na-pau]v. To turn; to bend; to warp; to turn, as on hinges; to crook round. s. A crook in a thing; a bending; a turning; a hinge.

ʻaui₄nvi. a hula step: the dancer turns to the side and points out one foot once or several times, drawing the foot well back between each pointing; at the same time the body is tipped, with a lowered hand pointing to the outpointing toes, and the other hand raised in the opposite direction; to dance thus. cf. ue.

ʻaumakua₃ [ʻau·makua]vt. to ask someone to hula; the request was not refused without giving the caller a lei or flower.

ʻAumakua Kamuela,Samuel must dance!

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v. To dance; ha ana, a dancing; more generally written haa, which see.

  • a dance with bent knees;
  • dancing (1 Sam. 18.6) ;
  • called hula after mid 1800s.
[(MP) PPN *saka, dance]

haav. To dance; connected among Hawaiians with singing. 1 Sam. 18:6. As an act of worship formerly among the Jews. 2 Sam. 6:14. s. A dance; a dancing, as in idolatrous worship. Puk. 32:19.

haʻanapu [haʻa·napu]vi. to sway, as in a dance. rare. 

haʻihaʻi₁ [haʻi·haʻi] redup. of haʻi₁, to break or snap, as a stick; broken; fracture, joint, break...
  • brittle;
  • limbering exercises, as for the hula;
  • massage in chiropractic;
  • quavering;
  • breaking, rising and falling of the voice;
  • a style of singing with a breaking voice;
  • to break, as a law.

e haʻihaʻi i ke kanakato break the bones of people [in fighting] (For. 4:35)

E haʻihaʻi iho ʻoe i kāna ʻauamo.You break his yoke. (Kin. 27.40)

hoʻohaʻihaʻicaus/sim. to break, as waves

kauka haʻihaʻi iwichiropractor

ma ka leo kauō, hoʻānuʻunuʻu, ā hoʻohaʻihaʻiwith loud voice, vibrating, rising and falling.

hala pepen. native trees (Dracaena [Pleomele] spp) in the lily family, with narrow leaves in tufts at branch ends and with clustered round yellow fruits. (Neal 205–6). This was one of the five standard plants used in the hula altar to Laka. See more under palai (Neal 12). also leʻie.

hālau₁ [·lau]n. long house, as for canoes or hula instruction; meeting house. [(FJ) PPN *falau, canoe shed: *f(a,o)lau]

Ā ua nui Hilo, hālau lani i ke ao.And Hilo rains so much, a heavenly shed in the clouds. (chant)

malu hālau loashade of the long house; fig., shade of trees

hapa haolenvs. part-white person; of part-white blood; part white and part Hawaiian, as an individual or phenomenon.

hula hapa haolea hula danced to a mele hapa haole (a Hawaiian type of song with English words and perhaps a few Hawaiian words) A kind of dance used for lascivious purposes, accompanied by singing.

haʻuhaʻu₂ [haʻu·haʻu]interj. a refrain in dance songs, usually fast, and perhaps related to haʻu.

Hoʻolewa aʻe ʻoe, haʻuhaʻu ē.Dance, puff, puff. (song)

heke₂n. top gourd in a hula gourd drum. cf. ʻolo₁.

heke₃n. feathered top of an ʻulīʻulī, hula rattle.

hela₃nvi. Hula step: one foot is placed at about a 45-degree angle to the front and side, with the weight on the opposite hip and with that knee bent; the foot is then returned to the original position and the step is repeated with the other foot; to dance thus.

Hiʻiakaikapoliopele [Hiʻiaka-i-ka-poli-o-Pele] Pele's favorite younger sister born from the mouth of Haumea rather than from the bosom, as were the many other Hiʻiaka sisters ((Westervelt p. 69), says there may have been forty sisters). Born as an egg, she was carried under Pele's bosom until she became a young beauty. She is the heroine of the epic concerning her trip from Kīlauea Volcano to Kauaʻi to find and fetch Pele's dream lover, Lohi'au; on her long and dangerous journey she transformed many evil moʻo into stones which are still visible (see PH). One of her forms was the palaʻā lace fern used to treat diseases and one of the first plants to grow on new lava. As the physician of the Pele family, she resuscitated Lohiʻau. She instituted the eating of fish from head to tail. She was worshiped by hula dancers. lit., Hiʻiaka in the bosom of Pele.

hīmeni [·meni]nvt. hymn, any song not used for hulas; to sing a hīmeni. Eng.

Ā hīmeni aku ka poʻe hīmeni.The singers sang. (2-Oihn. 29.28)

hīmeni waeselected hymn or anthem

hoʻāla kuahuanv. chant said at the construction of a hula altar (kuahu hula), calling on the gods, especially Laka, to possess the altar

hoʻi₃n. a parting chant to which hula dancers dance as they leave the audience.

holo₄n. running hula step to the side; similar to kāholo except that the feet are not necessarily brought together

hoʻohula to cause someone to dance; to pretend to hula see hula₁, the hula, a hula dancer; to dance the hula...

hoʻokāpōʻai to rotate, revolve, as in a hula. see -kāpōʻai. To dance; to play; to rejoice.

hoʻopaʻa [hoʻo·paʻa]vt.
  • to make fast, firm, hard, tight, solid;
  • to bind, attach, moor, snub, hold fast to, fasten something to something,
  • hold back, keep, restrain, confine, detain, withhold, reserve, close, catch;
  • to learn, memorize, master, study, complete, fix;
  • to record, as music;
  • to plug or seal, as a hole;
  • to subscribe, as to a newspaper;
  • to order, reserve, register;
  • to insist on, persist;
  • to insure; insurance;
  • to bolt, as a door;
  • to muzzle (Kanl. 25.4) ;
  • drummer and hula chanter (the memorizer).
see paʻa₁, a common and broadly used loaʻa-type word ; many meanings depend on qualifying words: firm, solid, tight, solidified, adhering, durable, fast, fixed, stuck, secure, closed, jelled, congealed...

hoʻopaʻa haʻawinastudy the lesson; studious

hoʻopaʻa haoto weld

hoʻopaʻa i ka hauto freeze [i.e., ice solidifies]

Hoʻopaʻa i kāna ʻae.Holding back his consent.

Hoʻopaʻa ihola lāua ā ʻelua i berita.The two together sealed a covenant. (Kin. 21.27)

hoʻopaʻa inoato register, enroll

hoʻopaʻa kuleanato copyright, establish ownership

hoʻopaʻa lehoto get calluses from work

hoʻopaʻa manawato make an appointment

hoʻopaʻa moʻoleloto keep the minutes; to record a story

hoʻopaʻa olalife insurance

I hoʻopaʻa mai lākou iho.To bind themselves [as under contract to a chief] (Nak. 27)

leka i hoʻopaʻa ʻiaregistered letter

mea hoʻopaʻabrake, holder, fastener, cast

mea hoʻopaʻastopper

ʻōlelo hoʻopaʻastipulation

Ua hoʻopaʻa au i mau noho no māua i ka ʻaha mele.I reserved some seats for us at the concert.

uku hoʻopaʻainsurance premium To dance.

hoʻopapaʻi redup. of hoʻopaʻi; to move the stomach muscles, as in certain hula dances see papaʻi₁, Redup. of paʻi₁ to slap, spank, beat, hit...

hoʻopuka₂ [hoʻo·puka]
  • to issue, as a permit;
  • to acquit, as a defendant in court;
  • a chant to which dancers issue
see puka₂, to pass through, appear, emerge, come out, get out of, issue, come into sight; to rise, as the sun.

hoʻopuka ʻanaedition

hoʻopuka eaexhaust fumes

Hoʻopuka i kai ka i Unulau.Let the sun rise at the sea at Unulau.

hoʻopuka muafirst edition

Ua hoʻopuka ʻia paha mamuli o ka palapala hoʻopiʻi kūpono.Acquitted after a proper indictment.

hoʻowilimoʻo₃ quadrille dance see wilimoʻo, to turn, twist, writhe, as a reptile.

Hōpoe₂ [·poe]n. a dancer who was turned into a balancing rock by Pele at Puna, Hawaiʻi... A girl friend of Pele's little sister, Hiʻiakaikapoliopele. When Hiʻiaka left to fetch Pele's dream lover, Lohiʻau, from Kauaʻi, she entrusted Hōpoe and her favorite lehua groves to Pele. Pele became jealous of Hiʻiaka, burned the lehua groves, and changed Hōpoe into a balancing rock at Keaʻau, Puna, Hawaiʻi (HM 181) . The stone may still be there, and waves lapping against it suggest movement; hence Hōpoe, famous as a hula dancer, is mentioned in songs as ka wahine hoʻolewa i ke kai, the woman shaking hips in the sea. lit., fully developed, as a lehua flower. Other names are Hōpoe-lehua and Hōpoe-wahine.

huʻa kapun. taboo borders, as of a taboo place, or of the taboo enclosure where hula was taught.

hue₃nvi. a type of hula dancing, usually at the end of a program, a kind of ʻai ʻami with a revolving of the hips as fast as the drummer can beat time, to see who can dance longest; to dance thus.

huʻelepo₂ [huʻe·lepo]n. small hula graduating exercises held at noon outside in the dust (lepo).

huhuhula [huhu·hula]nvi. Hawaiian hula by many persons; to hula, of many.

huhuhula [hu-hu-hu-la]v. See hula, to dance. A frequentative. To dance and sing; to dance much and often. v. See hula. To dance and sing and play, as at a hula; e pae, e hula, e like pu.

huhuhulei [hu-hu-hu-lei]v. To ride rapidly with a dress fluttering in the wind; to dance with kapas fluttering.

huhulanvt. hula dance by many; to dance the hula, of many.

huhula [hu-hu-la]v. See hulahula. To sing, dance and practice the forms of the hula.

huki₃nvi. a hula step: one foot steps to the side, the other foot is pulled toward it so that the heels almost touch, and then is taken to the opposite side.

hula₁nvt. the hula, a hula dancer; to dance the hula. For types of hula see below and ʻai haʻa, ʻālaʻapapa, ʻami, hapa haole, hue, kiʻelei, kōlani, kuhi, kuʻi, muʻumuʻu, ʻōhelo, ʻōlapa, ʻōniu, pahua, paʻi umauma, ʻūlili, (UL 275–6) . For hulas named for instruments see ʻiliʻili, kāʻekeʻeke, kā laʻau, pahu, pā ipu, papa hehi, pūʻili, ʻulīʻulī. For hulas named for creatures see below or honu, ʻīlio, kōlea, manō, peʻepeʻemakawalu, puaʻa. [(NP) PPN *fula, dance: *(f, s)ula]

Haihai akula wāhine apau mamuli ona, me mea kuolokani, a me ka hula.All the women followed after her with timbrels and dancing. (Puk. 15.20)

he hulaa hula dancer (For. 5:479)

hoʻohulato cause someone to dance; to pretend to hula

Hula mai ʻoe.Come to me dancing the hula. (song)

kumu hulahula master or teacher

hula [hu-la] To shake; to dance; to play an instrument and dance; to sing and dance. 2 Sam. 6:21. The same as haa and lele in verses 14:16. Alaila, hula iho la kahi poe alii ame kanaka, then danced certain of the chiefs and people. To sing; to sing and dance together. s. Music; dancing; singing, &c.

hula₂nvt. song or chant used for the hula; to sing or chant for a hula.

hula ʻauana [hula ʻau·ana]n. informal hula without ceremony or offering, contrasted with the hula kuahu; modern hula.

hula helo same as hula ʻōhelo, a hula dance; the dancer leans over on one side, supporting himself with one hand, and with the opposite foot and arm making a sawing motion... see ʻōhelo₃.

hula honun. Hula in which the dancer imitates the motions of a turtle.

hula hoʻonānā [hula hoʻo··]n. any hula for amusement. see nānā₂, quiet, restful... (UL 244)

hulahula₁ [hula·hula]nvt. ballrom dancing with partners, American dancing, ball; massed hula dancing; to dance. PEP *(f,s)ula(f,s)ula.

hulahula [hu-la-hu-la]s. Music; dancing; singing, &c. A play in which numbers dance and a few sing and drum. A dance; a carousal; the action of dancing. Puk. 15:20. A dance; a dancing, an expression of joy. Kanik. Ier. 5:15. NOTE—The name of the hula god was Lakakane.

hulahulakona [hula·hula·kona]n. dance-a-thon.

hula ʻiliʻilin. Hula in which smooth water-worn stones are used as clappers or castanets; the pebble hula.

hula ʻīlio [hula ʻī·lio]n. a hula imitative of the movements of a dog. (UL 223)

hula kiʻi₁nvi. dance of the images in which the dancers postured stiffly like images; to dance thus. Kauaʻi.

hula kiʻi₂n. a dance with marionettes. (UL 91–102)

hula kōlea [hula ·lea]n. a kneeling hula imitative of the kōlea, plover. (UL 219)

hula kolilin. a dance with love forfeits, similar to those in the kilu and ʻume games. (UL 247)

hula kuahun. altar hula, any hula taught with ceremonies and an altar, contrasting with hula ʻauana.

hula kuhi lima sitting dance with gestures of hands and swaying of torso see kuhi₁.

hula kuʻinv. any interpretive hula, so called since the days of Kalākaua; lit., joined hula, i.e., old and new steps were joined together . see kuʻi₂, joined...

hula kuʻi Molokaʻi [hula kuʻi molo·kaʻi]n. the punch (kuʻi) hula of Molokaʻi, an ancient, fast dance with stamping, heel twisting, thigh slapping, dipping of knees, doubling of fists as in boxing, vigorous gestures imitative of such pursuits as dragging fish nets, and unaccompanied by instruments. This dance originated on Molokaʻi, an island famous for sports. Many of the songs contain taunts, as a laʻa kō kū i ke aʻu, now you are jabbed by the swordfish. cf. hula kuʻi under kuʻi, joined.

hula kuolon. sitting chant dance; the performer beats the gourd drum (ipu) and chants. also pā ipu.

hula lāʻau pilin. name of hulas performed for the coronation of Kalākaua, probably stick hulas.

hula mānai [hula ·nai]n. dance with a thin flexible stick which the squatting dancer beats time as by striking the floor.

hula muʻumuʻu [hula muʻu·muʻu] a sitting dance... see muʻumuʻu₁.

hula nemanema [hula nema·nema]n. name of hulas performed for Kalākaua's coronation.

hula nohonvi. any sitting hula; to perform such.

hula ʻōhelo [hula ʻō·helo] see ʻōhelo₃, a hula dance; the dancer leans over on one side, supporting himself with one hand, and with the opposite foot and arm making a sawing motion...

hula ʻōlepelepe [hula ʻō·lepe·lepe]n. name of hulas performed for Kalākaua's coronation.

hula pahu dance to drum beat, perhaps formerly called ʻai haʻa (UL 103) see pahu₁.

hula Pahuanvi. a kind of fast hula that increases to a frenzy, said to have been named originally for a mele maʻi named Pahua [pahua₁] (shoved). Emerson (UL 183–5) calls it a stick dance and gives an example. To perform this dance.

hula Palani paʻi umauma [hula palani paʻi uma·uma]n. name of chest-slapping hulas performed for Kalākaua's coronation.

hula papa hehin. dance in which the dancers use the papa hehi, treadle boards; this dance is said to have originated on Niʻihau.

hula peʻepeʻemakawalu [hula peʻe·peʻe·maka·walu]n. a spider dance with stiff legs, dancers hopped, right foot forward and left in reverse; then opposite, keeping time with a boisterous chant and with hands fluttering vigorously.

hula Pelen. sacred dance in honor of the goddess Pele.

hula puaʻan. a hula dance in which the hips sway from side to side in imitation of a fat hog's waddling. Also ʻami puaʻa.

hula ʻulīʻulīn. hula with ʻulīʻulī, gourds.

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ʻī₄interj. of scorn, used idiomatically.

No hea ke aʻo ʻana i ka hula? I ka ʻī!Where learn the hula? Much [she] knows about it! Stuff and nonsense!

ʻieʻie₁n. an endemic woody, branching climber (Freycinetia arborea) growing luxuriantly in forests at altitudes of about 300 to 600 m. The ringed stems end in tufts of long, narrow, spiny leaves, in the center of which flowers are borne on cylindrical spikes surrounded by leafy bracts, which are orange or green with orange bases. (Neal 54) ʻIeʻie was one of five plants used on the hula altar (see palai). also ʻie. [(NP) PPN *kie-kie, plant sp. (freycinetia)]

ʻiliʻili₁n. pebble, small stone, as used in dances or kōnane. [PPN *kili-kili, gravel, usually coral rubble]

hoʻonoho i ka ʻiliʻilito arrange pebbles on a mat in the shape of a man and his vital organs, to teach anatomy

hula ʻiliʻilipebble dance

ʻiliʻili hānau [ʻiliʻili ·nau]n. the birth pebbles of Kōloa (a small section of the beach at Puna-luʻu, Kaʻū), which were believed to reproduce themselves, the smooth nonporous ones being male, the porous ones female. These stones were best liked for the pebble hula.

Ka ʻiliʻili hānau o Kōloa, ka nalu haʻi o Kāwā.The birth pebbles of Kōloa, the breaking waves of Kāwā. (ON 1404) (song)

ipu hulan. dance drum made of two gourds sewed together. cf. ʻolo.

iwi ʻaoʻao₂n. wife (so-called because Eve is said to have been taken from Adam's rib); assistant leader in a hula troupe. also paepae.

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kaʻapuni₂ [kaʻa·puni]nvt. the hula step now called "around the island": the dancer pivots on the ball of one foot in a complete circle; the other foot takes four or more steps to complete the circuit; to do this step.

kāhea [·hea]nvt. to call, cry out, invoke, greet, name; recital of the first lines of a stanza by the dancer as a cue to the chanter; to recite the kāhea; to give a military command; to summon; a call, alarm (, caus. + hea, call).

kāhela₂ [·hela] see ʻami kāhela, a hula step.

kāholo₃ [·holo]nvi. the "vamp" hula step, more common in modern than in ancient dance, consisting of four counts: (1) one foot is extended to the side, (2) the other is brought alongside, (3, 4) this is repeated on the same side; then the four steps are repeated on the opposite side; to execute this step.

kaʻi₇ the chant during which dancers appear and leave; to come dancing out before an audience; see kaʻi₁, to lead, direct...

kaʻi hemo same as kaʻi hoʻi, exit dancing...

kaʻi hoʻivi. to exit dancing, as in a hula.

kaʻi komovi. to enter dancing, as in a hula.

kaʻina wāwae [kaʻina ·wae]n. steps, as in a dance or routine. lit., foot sequence. cf. kiʻina.

kake₁n.v. chants with mixed or garbled words, for and by chiefs, with inserted syllables and some secret words (as: nohouwō o luhunā, nohouwō o lahalō, for: noʻu ʻo luna, noʻu ʻo lalo, mine are the chiefs, mine are the commoners); to use this language; play language used for amusement and intrigue; code. cf. holokake, hōkake. [(MQ) PPN *tate, garbled speech]

hoʻokaketo speak kake; to speak unclearly

hula kakehula danced to a garbled chant

kālaʻau₁, kālāʻaun.v. stick dancing; to stick dance; dancing stick (KAN). sometimes this term is applied to fencing instead of the more frequent kākā lāʻau.

kālāʻaun.v. var. spelling of kālaʻau₁, stick dancing; to stick dance; dancing stick KAN.

-kāpōʻai rare. 

hoʻokāpōʻaito rotate, revolve, as in a hula

Kapoʻulakīnaʻu, Kapoʻulakīnaʻu more commonly known as Kapo, this unusual goddess was a sister of Pele and daughter of Haumea. She had a dual nature — as a benevolent hula goddess identified with Laka, and as a fierce goddess of sorcery. At Maunaloa, Molokai, she entered an ʻohe tree and poisoned it (see kālaipāhoa). She saved Pele from being raped by Kamapuaʻa by sending her flying vagina (kohe lele) as a lure. Kama followed this to Koko Head, Oahu, where it left an imprint. Later Kapo hid it in Kalihi Valley. (HM 187, 212-213) . Kapo was also called Kapokohelele. As a hula goddess, one of her forms was the hala-pepe tree, branches of which were therefore placed on hula altars. lit., Kapo red dotted with dark.

kaula kāliki [kaula ·liki]n. lacings, cords as those by which the coconut knee drum (pūniu hula) was tied to the high of the player.

kāwele₂ [·wele]nvi. a hula step: one foot makes a half circle forward and to the side without touching the floor; usually in combination with other steps as the holo or ʻuwehe; to do this step. Often called ʻai kāwele, kāwele style. [(CE) PPN *taa-were, hang free, be suspended]

kāwelu₂ [·welu]nvi. a hula step, to do this step, which is said to be named for the grass: one foot taps time with the heel, the toes being stationary, while the other foot, flat, steps forward and then a little back, twice or more; the step is repeated reversing the feet. In English this is called the Kalākaua step because the step is used to begin the hula dedicated to Kalākaua:

Kalākaua he inoa, ka pua mae ʻole i ka .A name chant for Kalākaua, the flower that wilts not in the sun.

kē₁nvt. protest, complaint, criticism; critic, especially a hula critic; formerly a hula master who was invited by another hula master to criticize his class; to criticize; to push, shove, struggle against, oppose, shun, avoid, abstain from, refuse.

hoʻokēto crowd, elbow, push aside, jostle, struggle, oppress, shun, scorn, protest. Fig., to beset with difficulties

hoʻokē ā makato favor some at the expense of others, as relatives

hoʻokē ʻaito fast

hoʻokē ihuto blow the nose

Kaʻula i ka hoʻokē a manu.Kaʻula [Islet] is crowded with birds [of any crowded place]. (saying)

ʻaito fast

weliweli hoʻokēoppressive terrors

Nui ke o ka poʻe i kēlā puke.There was much protest by the people about that book.

kelamoku₃ [kela·moku]nvi. a hula step invented by Hawaiian sailors: one foot swings alternately on ball and heel of foot, the other points with the toe front and back four times, then reversed; knees are bent, arms out, bent at elbows with hands up and fingers often snapping, swaying with the body; to dance thus.

kianivt. to flick, flip, wave gently, as the hand overhead in a hula gesture; to wheel and dip, as a soaring bird; frisky. cf. ani, to wave.

ʻai kianito nab at food

kiʻelei₂ [kiʻe·lei]n. type of hula in which the dancer danced in a squatting position. cf. (UL 210) .

kielei [ki-e-lei]s. The name of a kind of hula; he kielei kekahi hula

kiʻi₄nvi. hula step: one foot points to the side, front, and back; then the other foot does the same. also wāwae kiʻi, fetching step.

kiʻi₆n. gesture, as in hula.

kiʻi huanvi. to make gestures in the hula pūʻili and hula ʻulīʻulī imitative of the words of the chant; these gestures.

kiʻi kuhin.v. to make time-keeping hula gestures with the left hand reaching forward and back to the front of the shoulder, while tapping the ʻulīʻulī on the right lap; these gestures.

kiʻi pānvi. in a hula, tapping the lap or left hand with the base of the ʻulīʻulī; tapping the palm of the left hand, floor, back of left hand and right shoulder with end of pūʻuli; both are now called in English "common motion"; to do so.

kiʻipā [kiʻi·]vi. to vamp, as in hula or singing.

kilu₁nvt. a small gourd or coconut shell, usually cut lengthwise, as used for storing small, choice objects, or to feed favorite children from. Used also as a quoit in the kilu game: the player chanted as he tossed the kilu towards an object placed in front of one of the opposite sex; if he hit the goal he claimed a kiss; to play this game. (Malo 216-18: ch. 42). In the Bishop Museum are stone quoits labelled kilu. See ex., eo and (FS 275–83).

kilu a Lohiʻau.Kilu hulas by Lohiʻau [name of some hulas performed for the coronation of Kalākaua].

kilu a Pele.Kilu hulas by Pele [performed for the coronation of Kalākaua].

koa₃n. the largest of native forest trees (Acacia koa), with light-gray bark, crescent-shaped leaves, and white flowers in small, round heads. A legume with fine, red wood, a valuable lumber tree, formerly used for canoes, surfboards, calabashes, now for furniture and ukuleles. A small koa was sometimes added to the hula altar to Laka, goddess of the hula, to make the dancer fearless. The name koa may be qualified by the terms , ma kua, kū mauna. (Neal 408–11) [(AN) PPN *toa, a tree (casuarina equisetifolia)]

E ola koa.Live like a koa tree [i.e. long].

kōlani [·lani]n. sitting hula in honor of a chief (lani). rare. 

kolani [ko-la-ni]s. Name of a species of hula; he kolani kekahi hula.

kōwehe [·wehe]vi. to billow or flutter out, as a dancer's skirt. cf. wehe, open.

Ua ʻike lihi aku nei au i ka lawe kōwehe a ka pāʻū.I have just glimpsed the fluttering skirt. (song)

kuamuamu [ku-a-mu-a-mu] The name of a play or dance.

kuhi₁nvt. to point, gesture, as in speaking, directing an orchestra, or dancing the hula; gesture, pointing. [(EO) PPN *tusi, point (to), indicate]

hoʻokuhito teach the art of gesturing in the hula; to point, etc

hula kuhi limasitting dance with gestures of hands and swaying of torso

Ka iʻa kuhi lima o ʻEwa.The gesturing sea creature of ʻEwa [the pearl oyster; it was taboo to talk while gathering them]. (ON 1357)

kū … kā used only in the idiom ʻo kū! ʻo kā! This originated in Wahineʻōmaʻo's chant: ʻO kū, ʻo kā ʻo Wahineʻōmaʻo, wahine a Lohiʻau ipo (PH 184), bam! boom! Woman-in-green, wife of Sweetheart-Lohiʻau. Wahineʻōmaʻo did not know how to dance or chant; her song was merely a rhythm beat to which she marched about comically. Hence the idiom has come to mean 'a lick and a promise, do it as quickly as possible and get it over with.'

kūkulu hulahula [·kulu hula·hula]vt. choreographer; to choreograph. lit., arrange dances.

kūlō [·] same as kūlōʻihi, to wait a long time; to stand long...; short for kūloa, name of the lengthy ceremonies on the night before graduation day in hula...

E kūlō aʻe ana au i kuʻu haku.I am waiting long for my master.

kūloa [·loa] same as kūlōʻihi, kūlō; name of the lengthy ceremonies on the night before graduation day in hula; a 'long waiting' with feasts and ceremonies lasting for hours; lengthy religious prayers, ceremonies.

He kēlā e kūloa ai i mea ʻai i ulu mai.That was the day for long prayers to get food to grow. (For. 6:125)

  • teacher, tutor,
  • manual, primer,
  • model, pattern.

kaʻu kumumy teacher

kumu alakaʻiguide, model, example

kumu hoʻohālikepattern, example, model

kumu hulahula teacher

kumu kuʻiboxing teacher

kumu kulaschool teacher

kumu leo melesong book

kumu muafirst primer

kumu hulan. hula teacher (HE)

kupe₂n. a hula step: with the feet still and the knees bent, the body swings three times quite low down to the right, over to the left, and up.

kupukupu₃ [kupu·kupu]n. sword fern (Nephrolepis exaltata), a long, narrow fern with many lateral divisions; it was sometimes added to the hula altar to Laka, for knowledge to kupu (sprout). Also niʻaniʻau and palapalai on Niʻihau, and ʻōkupukupu. (Neal 14–5)

kūwili₁ [·wili]vt.
  • to move restlessly,
  • embrace,
  • pet, caress;
  • to spin in a dance.
cf. kuili, wili₁.

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Laʻamea one of Kalākaua's middle names. (reportedly an alternate spelling for laʻamia, calabash tree)...

laʻamia [laʻa·mia]n. calabash tree (Crescentia cujete), introduced from tropical America, fruit used for hula rattle with aliʻipoe seeds. (Neal 771)

Laka₄ goddess of the hula, maile, ʻieʻie, and other forest plants (UL 24) , often identified with Kapoʻulakīnaʻu. see Maile.

Lakakane [la-ka-ka-ne]s. The name of a god; the god of dances; he akua no ka poe hula.

lele₆nvi. hula step: the dancer walks forward, lifting up the rear heel with each step, with slight inward movement; sometimes with the ʻuwehe step with each foot forward. This can also be done backwards; to dance thus.

  • to float, dangle, swing, hang, oscillate; swinging, dangling, pendulous, afloat, unstable;
  • limber-jointed, of admired hula dancers.
cf. akalewa, haʻalewa. [(NP) PPN *lewa, free-float in air or on water, be suspended]

E ola ana ʻoia nei a lewa ke kanahiku.He will live on to past seventy.


He aha ē ka hana a ʻAnapau ? Hoʻolewa ka hana a ʻAnapau .What is the work of ʻAnapau there? Rotating the hips is the work of ʻAnapau there. (song)

hōkū lewamoving star, planet

hoʻolewato float, as a cloud; to lift up and carry, as on a stretcher; to suspend

hoʻolewato rotate the hips in dancing, sway. See song under Hōpoe₂.

ka moana lewa loathe deep ocean

kai lewadeep sea out of sight of land

moe hoʻolewastretcher, hammock

mea hoʻolewapeddlers [they carried their goods swinging on a carrying pole; cf. kālewa₁]

one lewashifting sand

waiū lewalong, pendulous breasts

lohelohe₂ [lohe·lohe]n. larvae of the dragonfly; this was used in hula ceremonies because lohe means to hear and obey. see puaʻalohelohe. also poʻolānui, lohaloha. [(CE) PPN *roferofe, insect larvae]

lolo₂nvs. religious ceremony at which the brain of the sacrificed animal was eaten (such ceremonies occurred at a canoe launching, start of journey, completion of instruction); to have completed the lolo ceremony, hence expert, skilled.

Aʻo ihola ʻo Halemano i ka hula pau ke aʻo ʻana, lolo ihola i ka puaʻa.Halemano learned the hula … after learning, a pig was offered ceremonially. (FS 275)

he lolo ʻau moanaseafaring expert

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maile₁n. a native twining shrub, Alyxia olivaeformis. St-John, 1975a, described four forms of maile based on leaf size and shape. They are believed to be sisters with human and plant forms and are listed below. They were considered minor goddesses of the hula. maile kaluhea is also believed by some to be a sister. see moekahi, māpu, palai₁, and chants, līhau and ʻū₁. The maile vine has shiny fragrant leaves and is used for decorations and leis, especially on important occasions. It is a member of the periwinkle family. Laka, goddess of the hula, was invoked as the goddess of the maile, which was one of five standard plants used in her altar. (Neal 690–1) [PPN *maile, a fragrant vine or shrub (alyxia sp.)]

Maile₃ four sweet-scented sisters with human and plant forms: Mailehaʻiwale (brittle maile), Mailekaluhea (fragrant maile), Mailelauliʻi (small-leaved maile), Mailepākaha (Laie 454-455). They appear in numerous legends, in the most famous as guardians of Lāʻieikawai and her house thatched with bird feathers in legendary Paliuli. Fragrance had supernatural power and was associated with gods (HM 531) , royalty, and religion, especially for worshipers of Laka, the hula goddess. see Kahalaomāpuana, Lāʻieikawai.

mālani [·lani]vs. sketchy, not deep, superficial, as of knowledge, emotion, a sore; obvious or plain rather than profound; mild, as of sickness.

He ʻike mālani kona i ka hula.He has a superficial knowledge of the hula.

malina₂n. sisal (Agave sisalana; Furcrae foetida on Niʻihau), a tropical American plant grown for its fiber; used for rope, twine, hula skirts. The plant forms a huge rosette of stiff, straight leaves (1.8 m by 15 cm). It is called malina because marine ropes were made from it. cf. malina₄. (Neal 224–5)

mea hulan. Hula dancer. dancer (HE).

mele₁nvt. song, anthem, or chant of any kind; poem, poetry; to sing, chant (preceded by both ke and ka). cf. oli, a chant that is not danced to. cf. haku mele. [(NP) PPN *umele, kind of song or chant (problematic)]

hoʻomeleto cause to sing or chant

kāna melehis song [sung by him or composed by him]

Ke Mele a SolomonaThe Song of Solomon (Biblical)

kona melehis song [in his honor]

mele ʻoligay song

mele [me-le] To sing in chorus or concert. Puk. 15:1. To sing with joy; to sing and dance. See hula.

mele kāhea [mele ·hea]n. chant for admittance to an old-time hula school. lit., calling song.

mele kaʻin. chant or song sung while dancers come out before the audience. lit., procession song.

mele kaʻi hoʻin. chant or song sung while dancers leave the audience. lit., song for proceeding back.

mele kuahun. altar chant, as before an altar in a hula school.

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naue, nauwevi.
  • to move, rock, sway,
  • shake, tremble; to vibrate;
  • to quake, as the earth;
  • to march;
  • loose and insecure, as a tooth;
  • revolving, as hips in a hula.
cf. ue₁. [PPN *ŋaue, shake]

hoʻonaueto cause to shake, revolve, sway, rock; to disturb

Ka ua hōʻoni, hoʻonaue i ka puʻu koʻa.The rain sways in a dance and shakes the coral pile.

Naue i mua.Forward, march.

No ke aha ʻoe i hoʻonaue mai ai iaʻu?Why have you disquieted me? (1-Sam. 28.15)

niʻo₂n. altar, as for hula. also kuahu.

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ʻō₄n. a hula step in which the hip is quickly thrust (ʻō) outward; similar to the kāwelu except that the foot pivots while turning to the opposite direction.

ʻōhele a hula (EH)

ʻōhelo₃ [ʻō·helo]n. a hula dance; the dancer leans over on one side, supporting himself with one hand, and with the opposite foot and arm making a sawing motion; many mele ʻōhelo have sexual import. also hula helo.

ʻōlapa₃ [ʻō·lapa]n. dancer, as contrasted with the chanter or hoʻopaʻa (memorizer); now, any dance accompanied by chanting, and drumming on a gourd drum.

olinvt. chant that was not danced to, especially with prolonged phrases chanted in one breath, often with a trill (ʻiʻi) at the end of each phrase; to chant thus. [(NP) PPN *oli-oli, a chant]

ke olithe chant

mea olichanter

ʻolo₁n. long gourd container used as a receptacle, as for kava or water; long body of a gourd used as a hula drum cf. heke, ipu. cf. ʻolo ʻawa.

ʻōlohe₂ [ʻō·lohe]nvs. skilled, especially in lua fighting, so called perhaps because the beards of lua fighters were plucked and their bodies greased; bones of hairless men were desired for fish hooks because such men were thought stronger; also said of hula experts; skilled fighter. (Kel. 115)

  • cool, refreshing; coolness;
  • soft, supple, flexible, pliant, elastic, slack, springy; softness, slackness;
  • pleasant, comfortable, at ease; comfort, amenities;
  • polite, kind, courteous; grace, courtesy, kindness.
cf. ʻoluʻolu. [(NP) PPN *kolu, curved, coiled]

hōʻoluto make soft, limber, pleasant, cool, comfortable; to comfort, please, satisfy, pacify

Ka ʻolu o ka noho ʻanaThe amenities of life. (Kep. 97)

ʻOlu kona kino i ka hula.Her body is supple in the hula.

ʻōnohi₁ [ʻō·nohi]n.
  • the eyeball;
  • center;
  • setting, as of a ring.
  • fig., eyes.
see ex. hehelo. [(CE) PPN *konofi-mata, kano(fi)(-mata) eyeball]

He paʻakai poepoe liʻiliʻi, he ʻōnohi awa ka inoa.Small round-grained salt is called milkfish eyeball.

Kahi mea iāia ka ʻōnohi o ka pahu hula.The one who has the central [role] among hula drummers.

ʻōnohi kaimanaset diamond

ʻŌnohi kau maka.Beloved one; lit., eyeball placed in the eye.

ʻōnohi uliulidark pupil of the eye

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  • a sound; to sound;
  • beat, rhythm, as of a dance;
  • stroke, as of an instrument;
  • thump of a gourd down on a pad, with one quick slap of the fingers as the gourd is raised;
  • signal to begin a dance or drumming.

maila ka leo hone o ka waiolina.The sweet sound of a violin reached here.

pahua [pa-hu-a]v. To dance; to go through the evolutions of dancing.

pahu hulan. hula drum.

pahuhula [pa-hu-hu-la]s. A kind of drum used at hulas in former times; it was covered with shark skin.

pā hulan. hula troupe, hula studio, place reserved for hula dancing. platform (HE)

pahula [pa-hu-la]v. Pa and hula, to dance. To dance; to hula, i. e., to sing and dance. s. A dance. See hula.

pā hula keʻena aʻo hula hula studio (EH)

pahu paʻin. small sharkskin hula drum. lit., beating drum.

pahupai [pa-hu-pai]s. A drum for beating at a hula; o ka ili mano, he mea ia e hana ia i pahupai.

pā ipu₂n.v. to beat a gourd drum; the drum itself and accompanying chant and sitting dance by the chanter. also hula kuolo.

paipu [pa-i-pu]s. Name of a hula or dance.

paʻipunahele [paʻi·puna·hele]n.v. to fete a favorite (punahele), especially by composing songs in his honor, and staging dances and feasts for him; an expression of love for a favorite.

He paʻipunahele kēlā ke kupuna i ke keiki.That is the grandparent's expression of affection for the child.

paipunahele [pai-pu-na-he-le]s. Name of a dance.

paʻi umauma [paʻi uma·uma]n. chest-slapping hula. [(MQ) PPN *paki-uma, chest-slapping dance]

paiumauma [pai-u-ma-u-ma]v. Pai, to strike, and umauma, the breast. A play which consisted in striking on the breast; he hula pai ma ka umauma.

palai₁n. a native fern (Microlepia setosa), growing wild and cultivated, 95 to 130 cm high. The lacy, ovate fronds look much like those of the palaʻā but are somewhat hairy instead of smooth. The palai was one of the important plants placed on the hula altar to Laka, goddess of hula; it is famous in song (see wilia). also palapalai. see ex. popohe. (Neal 12) [PPN *palai, a yam (dioscorea nummularia)]

Palani₆, Faraninvs. France; Frenchman; French; Frank. Eng.

hula Palanisame as the paʻi umauma hula (UL 203)

pale₉n. division, canto of a song, scene of a play, division of song in a hula

papaʻi₁ redup. of paʻi₁, , , , , to slap, spank, beat, hit...; to tie, a draw, equal...; to mix, as ingredients, to mingle...; to put clothes to soak...; a bundle, package, to tie up such a bundle... [(AN) PPN *paki, slap]

hoʻopapaʻiredup. of hoʻopaʻi; to move the stomach muscles, as in certain hula dances

pāʻū hula dancing skirt (EH)

paʻūpaʻū₂ [paʻū·paʻū]n. overlaid tapa (Kam. 76:115) said to be so called because it was wet during its manufacture; sometimes worn by dancers.

pili₂n. a grass (Heteropogon contortus) known in many warm regions, formerly used for thatching houses in Hawaiʻi; sometimes added to the hula altar to Laka, for knowledge to pili or cling; thatch (preceded by ke). (Neal 80)

hale pilihouse thatched with pili grass

wale aku ka waiwai i ke pili.The wealth overflowed on the pili grass [of great quantities]. (Kep. 119)

lei kōkō ʻula i ke pilired network lei [rainbow] on the pili grass (song)

poahi₂vi. to revolve, spin, go around; to rotate, of hips in a hula. rare. 

pō kūloa taboo night (hula) (EH)

pono hulan. hula supplies (KAN)

poʻopuaʻa₁ [poʻo·puaʻa]n. head pupil in a hula school. lit., pig head, so named because the head pupil provided a pig or pig-head offering. cf. (UL 29) .

pule hoʻonoho [pule hoʻo·noho]n. prayer calling on a god to possess an individual or a hula altar.

pule kalan. prayer of protection from any evil, as of hula teachers before a program. cf. also (Malo 113). lit., removal prayer.

pūniu₂ [·niu]n. small knee drum made of a coconut shell with fishskin cover, as of kala.

pūpūweuweu var. spelling of pūpū weuweu₂, a chant prayer to Laka after a period of training in the hula

pūpū weuweu₁ [· weu·weu]n. clump of grass; clump of greenery, especially as placed on the hula altar to the goddess Laka.

pūpū weuweu₂, pūpūweuweu [· weu·weu] a chant prayer to Laka after a period of training in the hula to free the taboo.

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ue₂, uwenvi. a hula step: the caller announces the step to drummer (who changes the beat) and dancers by calling e ue (e imperative and ue). The right foot is extended forward with toes pointing, while both arms are brought forward to chest level with hands crossed and fingers tipped upward; the left hand stays up, while right arm and foot swing back in an outward arc. Then the right arm and foot are moved forward, and the step is repeated to the left. Then three short steps are taken forward. In the last step the left hand is forward, and the right foot and arm back. To do this step.

ʻūlili₅ [ʻū·lili]n. hula step similar to ʻuwehe, except that only one heel at a time is raised; this step has a distinctive beat.

ulili [u-li-li] The name of a hula; he ulili kahi hula.

ʻulī-ʻulīnvi. var. spelling of ʻulīʻulī, a gourd rattle...

ʻulīʻulī, ʻulī-ʻulīnvi. a gourd rattle, containing seeds with colored feathers at the top, used for the hula ʻulīʻulī (at one time there were no feathers); to rattle.

hōʻulīʻulīto shake the ʻulīʻulī; to rattle

uluulu lein. leis offered to the gods.

hoʻouluulu leihula altar where fresh leis were placed during hula instruction

ʻūniki [ʻū·niki]nvi. graduation exercises, as for hula, lua fighting, and other ancient arts (probably related to niki, to tie, as the knowledge was bound to the student).

ʻuwehe₂, ʻuehenvi. hula step: one foot is lifted with weight shifting to opposite hip as the foot is lowered; both knees are then pushed forward by the quick raising of the heels, with continued swaying of the hips from side to side (a difficult step); to do this step.

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wahine hulan. female hula dancer (KAN)

walea₂vs. accustomed; so familiar that one does a thing without effort, as a dance; adept; to do well and effortlessly, as an acquired skill.

ua hana ā waleadone until automatic

ua walea i ka pena kiʻian experienced and perfect painter

  • smooth, thin, as poi;
  • fine, mashed, soft, powdery,
  • supple, limber, as a dancer's body.
cf. nāwaliwali, niu₁, ʻōnāwali, ʻonawaliwali. [(NP) PPN *wali, mushy, watery]

ʻaila hoʻowali penapaint thinner

hoʻowalito make soft, smooth, as soil, to mix, as poi or dough; to digest

lio kaʻinapu hoʻowali luagraceful, doubly supple horses (chant)

mea hoʻowali a lokodigestive organs

ʻuala hoʻowali ʻiamashed sweet potatoes

ʻūlei hoʻowali ʻualadigging stick of ʻūlei wood that softens [the earth for] sweet potatoes [sexual reference]

waha walismooth talk, smooth talker; to talk smooth; glib

wāwae₂ [·wae]n. hula step (general name).

wāwahi [·wahi] redup. of wāhi; to tear down, shatter, wreck, dash to pieces, break into, demolish; to break, as a law or a twenty-dollar bill; to cause disorder. cf. pōhaku wāwahi waʻa. (Gram. 6.2.1)   PCP *waawasi.

mīkini wāwahi pōhakurock crusher

wāwahi i ka huato break the egg

wāwahi i ka manawato keep open an infant's fontanel by applying crushed pōpolo berries; it was believed that an infant might be fed through the fontanel

wāwahi hulato disturb a hula show by presenting a rival show

wāwahi puʻupaʻato ravish a virgin

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